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# NewSM9 5.1-5.

Chapter 1:

## Basic skills and number

Exercise 1:01
The answers for ID cards can be found on page 598.

1 a 7
3 a 6
5 a 56

Integers

b 13
b 30
b 2

c 10
c 63
c 7

1 a 1 3--4

3 a
5 a
7 a
9 a
11 a
13 a
15 a
17 a
19 a

2
--3
5
--8
-----1 11
20
1
8 ----10
5
6 --8
3
--8
15 1--5
1 1--5
2 1--2

1
c 14 -----

b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

a
a
a
a
a

11 a

3
2
-----13
1 1--5
7
-----10

2a

10

1
-----15

9
12 ----20
9
3 -----10
3
--8
6 3--4
5
1 ----27
7
-----10

c
c
c
c
c
c

5
--2

6a

29
--------200
-----2 17
24
2
1 --3
7
-----12
31 7--8
3
1 ----32
1 3--8

8a
10 a
12 a
14 a

5
3 ----18
12
-----55
2 1--2

9
-----50

3 a 55%

b
b

7
--------100
83 --13

b
b

c
c

7
c 20 -----

40

c 1

1 3--7

c 1 1---

b 50

c 40

20 a 20

3
-----50

c 14

b 3

2 1--2

13
-----50
7
-----30

Decimals

9
-----50

22
-----7

c 375

2
--7
13
-----20
-----5 13
20
21
--------100
-----2 17
50

16 a 4
18 a

b 85

1
--5
1
--8

1163
b 7176
c 4015
4
3142
b 40
c 065
6
204
b 242
c 00475
8
2435
b 0067
c 00007
10
1
--2

c 11
c 52

53
-----10

4 a 21

c 1

21
c 9 --------

a
a
a
a
a

b
b
b
b
b

574
42
21 000
041 6
32

12 a 08

200

1 a

b 7
b 7

Fractions

b 4 1---

## Diagnostic Test 1:02C

1
3
5
7
9

2 a 9
4 a 5

216
009
8 040 000
059 1
103

b 0375

c
c
c
c
c

0265
0034
125
9 3
130
c 08 3

Percentages
6
c 2 -----

2a

c 125%
.
c 0046

4 a 009

b 016

6 a 51%

8 1--2

25

5 a 0238

b 0125

7 a 210 m
9 a \$16
11 a \$69

b \$1296
b 60 kg
b \$5.20

19
--------200

1
-----16

b
b

8 a 5901 m
10 a 25%

11
-----10

c 11
c 180%

b 275 t
b 40%

Exercise 1:04
3
b 13, 1 -----

1 a 250%, 25
2 a 0805, 085, 09, 1
d 150%, 165,

c 280%, 2 --4-

10

1 3--4

,2

12 1--4

%, 875%, 100%,104%

e 140%, 141,

------ or 01625
3 a 685
b 16 1--- %
c 13
4
80
4 a 01 , 02 , 03 , 04 , 05 , 06 , 07 , 08 , 1

c
5
6
7
8

528

d 125%, 125

## 001 , 002 , 003 , 0001 , 0002 , 0003

2 , 142

4
--7

31,

5
--8

64
2
--------- , --100 3
1
, 3 --4- ,

12

d 6375
b
d

1
--9
4
--9

= 01 ,
,

3 1--9

5--9

a 1, 2, 4
b 01625, 0081 25, 0040 625
a 79
b 19
\$9.75 will be paid each year as interest for every \$100 invested.
The building can house three tenants.
9 7 years
10 33C

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

9
--9

= 09 . However

4 5--9

11 54 BC

9
--9

=1

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 529 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

b 120

12 a 370
13 a

1
--3

c 440

2
--3

1
--9

5
--9

14
15
16
19

## a 0888 89 b 0285 71 c 0538 46 d 0952 38 e 0363 64 f 0277 78

a 76%
b 24%
c Answers may vary. She may have been an employee of the store.
\$64 500
17 \$500
18 128
a How many possible marks she could have scored.
b How many marks each mistake cost him.
c The number who have cancer and the number over 65.
20 In about 23 million years.
21 a 200%
b 125%
c 625%
1
b 1--- , ----2 22
ac
23 a Yes, ------------------ is rational. b Yes, ----------------- is rational. c Yes, ------ is rational.
bd
bd
bd

22 a

1
--2

1
--8

## Prep Quiz 1:05

1 025

.
3 03

2 04

.
4 083

.
5 04

. .
6 0631

.
7 016

d Yes, ------ is rational.
bc

..
8 07269

3
--4

10

7
--8

e
j
e
j

007
0936
.
.
014285
7
.
056

6467
-----------9990

Exercise 1:05
1 a
f
2 a
f

075
175
.
06 .
016

3 a

47
--------100
4
--9

4 a
5

b
b

08
016
.
05 .
006

1
--8
173
--------999

d
d

17
-----20
7
--9

c
h
c
h

0625
034
.
08 .
046

7
--------200
4
-----11

1234
-----------9999

8167
-----------9900

d
i
d
i

07
0475
..
118 .
00416

853
-----------1665

1
--3

6 a

5
--6

Challenge 1:05
1

4
-----25
19
-----33

b
g
b
g

7
--9

629
--------990

89
--------450

29
-----45

221
--------300

4751
-----------9000

67
-----99

104
--------333

1
--6

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637
-----------1980

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## Prep Quiz 1:06

1

5
--6

4
--5

6
--7

1
--5

1
--2

1
--4

4
--5

2
--3

2
--3

4
--5

1
-----10

15
-----16

1
--5

5
-----24

10

4
--5

Exercise 1:06
1 a

7
-----15

10
-----21

3
--4

1
-----10

2 a
k
u
3 a
k
4 a
k

3:2
11 : 4
9:4
7:9
5:3
2:1
5:6

b
l
v
b
l
b
l

2:1
4:7
3:2
13 : 15
5:2
2:1
1:2

c
m
w
c

13 : 3
2 : 21
11 : 8
7:8

d
n
x
d

2:5
36 : 1
4:3
2:3

e 4:9
o 1 : 26

f 7 : 10
p 20 : 1

g 4:1
q 1:5

h 9 : 10
r 5:4

i 200 : 1 j
s 11 : 4 t

11 : 8
8 : 13

e 4:5

3 : 17

g 9 : 10

h 1:2

1:8

32 : 25

e 1:8

1 : 10

g 3:5

h 5:3

4:1

3:1

:1

h 1 1--- : 1

2
--3

1 7--- : 1

g 1 : 8 3---

h 1 : 5 1---

1 : 1 1---

5 a 1 5--- : 1
k

1
--3

:1

b 1 3--- : 1
4

c 1:5

d 5:3

c 2 1--- : 1

1
2
- : 1 e 1 --- : 1
d 1 -----

2
--3

d 1 : 3---

3
1 : -----

:1

2
--7

:1

10 : 1

6 a 1 : 1 1---

b 1 : 4 1---

c 1 : 1 7---

7 a i 3:4

ii 1 : 3

iii 1 : 4

10

e 1 : 1 1---

b 1 --1- : 1

20

c i 8:5

ii 5 : 8

d i 4:1

ii 9 : 16

e i 8:7
ii 2 : 3
f i 29 : 19
ii 8 : 11
iii 21 : 11
8 a For every 2 cups of sugar you should use 1 cup of flour and 1 cup of custard powder. A mixture of these three
would be 50% sugar, 25% flour and 25% custard powder.
2
10
1
- cement, ------ sand and ------ lime.
b The mixture would be ----c 1 : 40
d 1 : 20
13

13

13

5 1000 g

6 1000 kg

## Prep Quiz 1:07

1 \$32

2 \$48

3 \$80

4 \$8

7 60 min

8 10 mm

9 10 000 cm2

10 1500

529

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 530 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

Exercise 1:07
1 a
f
k
2 a
f
3 a
f
k
4 a

b
g
l
b
g
b
g
l
b

3 km/h
\$20/h
25 t/block
15 km
2010 kJ
60 .
166
192
73 68421 cm3

c
h
m
c
h
c
h
m
d

2 kg/\$
\$45/day
120 km/h
\$49
\$16
40
7
50
48 421052 cm3

d
i
n
d
i
d
i
n

50c/kg
7 km/L
11 runs/wicket
16
75 kg
5000
42
600
14

1 mL/cm3
4 deg/min
3 children/mother
\$101.40
18 000 000 km
5
0108
500

e
j
o
e
j
e
j
o

40 L/h
70 g/cm
75 g/cm3
225
\$800
40
15
1050

Exercise 1:08
1 a 2
b 3
c 3
d 2
e 4
f 3
g 2
h 3
j 2
k 1
l 2
m 3
n 4
o 1
p 3
q 4
s 3
t 3
u 1
2 a 1
b 2
c 2
d 3
e 4
f 3
g 3
h 6
3 2 significant figures (ie nearest thousand), or 3 significant figures (ie nearest hundred)

i 1
r 3

## Prep Quiz 1:09

1 4

2 1

308

080

2410

233

9 355

10 0065

Exercise 1:09
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

a 7900
b 1100
c 67 300
d 900
e 600
f 400
g 74 900
h 7900
a 9
b 80
c 45
d 3
e 2
f 18
g 237
h 100
a 24313
b 7966
c 9135
d 981
e 030
f 009
g 010
h 199
a 67
b 85
c 21
d 61
e 01
f 00
g 299
h 100
a 8200
b 3500
c 660
d 850
e 15 000
f 76 000
g 50 000
h 77 000
a 8000
b 4000
c 700
d 800
e 10 000
f 80 000
g 50 000
h 80 000
a 695
b 351
c 321
d 00815
e 0667
f 933
g 101
h 910
a 18
b 178
c 1778
d 2
e 18
f 178
a 5 cm
b 55 mm
c 55 cm
d 545 cm
e 5455 cm f 5 cm
g 55 cm
h 545 cm
a \$141
b \$140.60 c 14059.7 cents
d 14059.71 cents
e 14059.705 cents
f \$100
g \$140
h \$141
a nearest thousand, 500
b nearest billion (ie \$1 000 000 000), 500 000 000
a nearest tenth, 005 cm
b nearest thousandth, 00005 mg
Any number greater than or equal to 2145 and less than 2155; 2145. No, because the number can have any number
of decimal places and must be less than 2155.
Any number between 2 500 000 and 3 500 000 or equal to 2 500 000
\$26.80, Answers will vary but the 15c over could be given as a tip.
There will be insufficient tiles. Because parts of tiles are required in some places, you must round up, so that the entire
floor can be covered
. using parts of tiles and
. you must also allow. for breakages as the tiles are cut.
a 0000 000 000 3
b 0000 000 000 6
c 0000 000 000 5
a 90 000
b 119 37025
c 122 500
19 29 3357025
20 28592 m3

## Prep Quiz 1:10

1 200

2 20

3 1561

4 1561

5 <1

6 <

7 true

8 b

9 true

10 false

Exercise 1:10
For these exercises it is possible to have more than one answer.
1 a 22
b 36
c 78
d 126
e 5
f 002
g 06
h 115
i 50
j 17
2 a 3
b 11
c 1
d 6
e 1
f 1000 g 1
h 3
i 2
j 2
k 5
l 3
m 25
n 21
o 12
p 1
q 136
r 25
s 32
t 90
3 a iii or 31 kg
b i or 27 m
c iii or \$276
d ii or \$9400
4 a 001 cm or 01 mm
b 3200
c Yes, because in 8 80 both numbers have been rounded down and in 9 90 both have been rounded up.
5 736575 and 753875 (ie 736575  m < 753875)

530

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

3 15 years

4 5 mL

5 24 mg

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Exercise 1:11
1 a m = 60
b e = 69
c x = 36
d a = 60
e m = 62
f x = 80
g x = 16
2 a 2 and 8, 3 and 5
b b and h, c and e
c ABE and BEF and BED and CBE
3 a 1 and 5, 2 and 6, 3 and 7, 4 and 8.
b a and e, b and f, c and g, d and h.
c ABG and DEB, ABE and DEH, CBE and FEH, CBG and FEB.
4 a 2 and 5, 3 and 8
b b and e, c and h
c ABE and BED, CBE and BEF.
5 a a = 112 (corresp. s, parallel lines)
b b = 80 (co-int. s, parallel lines)
c c = 81 (alt. s, parallel lines)
d m = 93 (co-int. s, AB//CD)
e e = 76 (alt. s, parallel lines)
f n = 105 (corresp. s, RS//TU)
g 10a = 110 (co-int. s, parallel lines) a = 11
h 2x = 138 (alt. s, parallel lines) x = 69
i 11x = 77 (corresp. s, parallel lines) x = 7
j 2x = 70 (co-int. s, parallel lines) x = 35
k 10p = 70 (alt. s, parallel lines) p = 7
l 4x = 88 (co-int. s, parallel lines) x = 22
m 3m = 42 (corresp. s, parallel lines) m = 14
n 2x = 64 (alt. s, parallel lines) x = 32
o x + 20 = 2x (alt. s, parallel lines) x = 20
p 3x = 2x + 27 (corresp. s, parallel lines) x = 27
6 a Co-interior s are supplementary.
b Alternate s are equal. c Both lines are parallel to RS.
d AB//EF (co-int. s are supplementary and EF//CD (co-int. s are supplementary) AB//CD (both lines // to EF)

Exercise 1:12
1 a
c
e
g
h
i
j
2 a
c
e
g
i
k
3

## a = 127 (angle sum of a )

b m = 116 (exterior of a )
m + 52 = 118 (ext. of a ), m = 66
d a = 75 (base angles of isosceles )
a = b = 60 (angles of equilateral )
f 120 = 2a + 4a (ext. s of ), a = 20
104 = 3a + a (ext. of ), a = 26
XYZ = a (base s of isos. ) a + a + 50 = 180 (angle sum of a ) a = 65
ACB = 65 (base s of isos. ) x + 65 + 65 = 180 (angle sum of a ) x = 50
3b = 66 (base s of isos.  are equal), b = 22
k 2a = 60 (equilateral ), a = 30
a = 90 (angle sum of a quad.)
b c = 99 (angle sum of a quad.)
d = 52 (angle sum of a quad.)
d 3a + 75 + 93 + 111 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.), a = 27
n = 82 (angle sum of a quad.)
f b + 295 = 360 (exterior angles of a quad.), b = 65
c + 268 = 360 (exterior angles of a quad.), c = 92
h h = 60 (angle sum of a quad.)
a + 148 = 180 (angle sum of ), a = 32
j b + 90 = 151 (exterior angle of ), b = 61
c + 247 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.), c = 113
l (180 d) + 250 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.), d = 70
a This is a square with diameter 6 cm.
b This is an equilateral triangle.
c Draw a right-angled isosceles triangle. From the right angle,
draw an interval that bisects the hypotenuse and is in turn
(a)
bisected by the hypotenuse. Join the end of this interval to one
(b)
of the other vertices of the triangle. (Other instructions are
possible.)
3 cm
d
25

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25
25

10 cm 10 cm

10 cm

25
10 cm

4

Properties

Parallelogram

Rhombus

Rectangle

Square

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

yes

no

yes

no

yes

## All angles right angles

no

no

yes

yes

Diagonals perpendicular

no

yes

no

yes

which they pass

no

yes

no

yes

## Diagonals are equal

no

no

yes

yes

531

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 532 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

5 a a = 130, w = 15
b b = 130, c = 130
c x = 6, y = 7
6 a No, but if they cross at midpoints, it is a rectangle. b You would need to construct a square of side length 4 cm.
c

Diagnostic
Test 1 . Basic skills
and number
.
.
.
1
3
4
5
6
7
9
11
13

a 06
b 016
c 07
a 6
b 5
c 5
a 57 000 000
b 06662
a 0006
b 510 000 000
a 25
b 44
c
a 48
b 93
c
a 54
b 120
c
a 93
b 86
c

d
d
c
c
a
40
91
17
42

026
2 a 5--9
cant tell, may be 2, 3 or 4
80
d 467 m
0061
d 93 800 000
36
b 5
c 20
8 a 67
10 a 40
12 a 60

37
-----99

5
--6

g 9 --1-

26
-----45

d 200
b 212
b 49
b 50

683
--------990

c 120
c 113
c 110

1A Revision Assignment
1 a

4
--5

2 a 447

1
--6

b 434

1
-----10

c 405

19
e 5 -----

d 009

20

f
3 a

11
1 ----15
7
-----20

7
--8

h 6
c

23
-----99

172
--------495

4
5
6
7
8
9

a \$26.25 b 20%
a 3
b 3
c 3
d 2
a 64
b 692
c 47 644 000
d 648
e 64
f 0005 82
g 47 600 000
h 070
a 3650 b 3749
a 16
b 5
c 2
d 200
a x = 150 (s at a point)
b x = 40 (vert. opp. s); y = 70 ( sum of )
c y = 115 (adj. supp. s); x = 65 (alt s, || lines)
d r = 29 (alt s, || lines); f = 61 ( sum of )
10 a x = 30 (co-int. s, || lines)
b x = 70 (corresp. s, || lines)
c x = 30 (base s of isosceles )
y = 150 (ext. of )
y = 130 (ext. of )
y = 95 (co-int. s, || lines)

1B Working Mathematically
1 a hectares
b cubic metres
c metres per second
d kilometres per hour
e milligrams
f kilograms
g tonnes
h millilitres
i kilolitres
j degrees Celsius
2 a is approximately equal to b is less than or equal to
c 4 cubed
d the square root of 2
e is parallel to
f is congruent to
g is similar to
h therefore
i for example
j the mean
3 11
4 39
5 a i 40%
ii 97%
iii 66%
iv 15%
b Water
c Removal of trees allowing erosion
d You require the percentages of total area taken up by each State (or Territory). For each, you would then multiply
the percentage of Australias area by the percentage of land requiring no treatment for that State. Total these answers
and you have the percentage of land in Australia requiring no treatment.
6 a 37%
b 9%
c No, because there are many more car drivers than motor cyclists. It is probable that
the rate of fatalities is much higher for motor cyclists.

Chapter 2:

Working mathematically

Exercise 2:01A
1 a i \$93.80
ii 64
iii 85 cents (the cost is rounded to the nearest 5 cents)
iv \$4.81/kg (to the nearest cent)
b i \$4.20
ii \$22.80
iii \$3.45
c i 54 s/lap
ii 18 min
d i \$293
ii \$853.24
e i 41 min
ii \$15/m3
2 a 28 L/100 km
3 \$777.50
4 7 heartbeats/breath
5 13 m
6 a \$96 720.00
b 66c/km
c 278 m2 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
d \$NZ 324.07
7 a 580 mg
b 68 km/h
c 452 km/h (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
d 0.3 g/L
8 37 500 km

532

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 533 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

Exercise 2:01B
1 a 63 kg
3 a 560 m
5 a 9:8

b 35 hours
b 9 cm
b 7:3

c 72

d 15

c 5, 15, 20

2 a 36
4 a 2:3

b 5000
b 1:1

c \$4976
c 72 cm

d 36

d 8

Exercise 2:01C
1 a
e
2 a
3 a

A, \$3000 : B, \$7000
M, 15 : S, 25
R, \$60; A, \$100; N, \$40
640 L
b 1:5

b
f
b
c

G, 42 : D, 63
c 15 L
d M, \$330 : J, \$440
\$35, \$21, 7 hours
g Army, \$124 200 000 : Navy, \$55 200 000
36 cm, 45 cm, 27 cm
c \$1350
d 600 L
e N, 511 g : P, 89 g : K, 400 g
40 g of lead, 140 g of zinc
d 2L

## Challenge 2:01 Mixing drinks

No, orange is only
orange is between
1 a 333 mL
3 a 533 mL

1
--3
1
--3

## part of A and only

and

1
--5

1
--5

part of B. Adding the two mixtures would give a mixture where the fraction of

. Container C has

b 200 mL
b 629 mL

3
--7

orange.

c 429 mL
4 a 1467 mL b 1371 mL

2 a 667 mL b 800 mL
5 a 27%
b 31%

c 571 mL
6 a 27 : 73

b 31 : 69

Exercise 2:01D
1
2
3
4

a
a
a
a
d

960
b \$232.38
c 805
d \$13 904
e \$49 115
85% (to nearest whole %)
b 214% (correct to 1 dec. pl.) c 12%
d 1 --1- %
4
\$1299
b 16 880
c \$1 450 000
d \$78 000
86% (to the nearest whole %)
b \$439.88 (to nearest cent)
c profit = \$8960; % profit = 28%
B Pascal, 856; P Fermat, 8535

Exercise 2:01E
1
2
3
4

a
a
a
a
c
5 a

i 1152 m3
ii 13248 m3 b 65 cm (correct to 1 dec. pl.) c volume = 140 cm3; mass = 1092 g
2
2275 m
b \$34.20
c 3022 cm2 (correct to nearest cm2)
d 784 m2
384 m
b i 4005 km
ii 5
c 796 revolutions
d area = 5008 m2; cost = \$225360
3
2
i 0648 m
ii 396 m
iii 72 m
b i \$686.40
ii \$420.80
iii \$50.50
1.33 m (to the nearest cm)
3000 m2 b circle by 171 cm2
c 2598 cm2 (correct to dec. pl.)

Exercise 2:02
1 a 32
b \$592.90 c 54
d 3
e one of the numbers must be --1- . If so, the other can be
2
any number. f 1296
g 12 kg
h 12
2 a 1
b 4
c 9
d 16
e 25
f 36
g 49
h 64
Total = 12 + 22 + 32 + 42 + 52 + 62 + 72 + 82
3 a 56, 23
b 67, 78
c 634, 566
4 a 15
b 11
5 16 0s; 15 each of 1, 2, 3 and 4; 57 5s; 5 each of 6, 7, 8 and 9
6 2 \$100, 7 \$50, 6 \$20, 5 \$10; 6 \$100, 10 \$10, 4 \$5
7 12
8 There are many solutions. One solution is: 40 waratahs, 210 grevilleas and 50 banksias. This gives 300 plants at a cost
of \$1200.
9 a i 40 + 41
ii 26 + 27 + 28
b 11 + 12 + 13 + 14 + 15 + 16 (6 integers); 5 + 6 + + 13 (9 integers)
10 a i 3
ii 0
iii 3
b 13

Investigation 2:02

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Line marking

142304 m

Challenge 2:03
1
3
5
6

a
a
a
a

b
b
b
b

3
5
10
6

c
c
c
c

18
8
0
5

3
10
5
3

d 8
d 7

2 a 33
4 a 2
e yes
e 20

b 42
b 8

c 35
c 5

d 2

e 14

g 28

h 32

23

2A Revision Assignment
1
2
3
5
6
9

a i 025 km/min
ii 4 min/km
b 6 min
c 24 s
a 287 runs/50 overs = 574 runs/over
b 614 runs/over (rounded up to 2 dec. pl.)
3 min 45 s
4 16 drops/min
a \$2612.50
b 6.35% correct to 2 dec. pl.
c i \$2800
ii \$2632
196%
7 a 656 g
b lead 096 kg, tin 144 kg
8 125 mL
a 9 3
(other solutions do exist)
b 85
9 4
2

1

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b 096 m3

10 a 12
c

20 cm

## Turning the sleepers on edge gives a volume of 0528 m 3.

12 m

24 m

2B Working Mathematically
1
2
3
5

a 15 to 24
b 15, 16, 17
c 18, 19, 20
d 21, 22, 23, 24
e 17
a 21, 22, 23
b 5, 8, 16, 19, 23
c 12, 13, 14
d 9
4 hectares
4 a 14
b 23
c 46
d 42
The engine leaves the siding and reverses to couple with B. Then both return to siding and B is unhooked. The engine
leaves the siding and goes anticlockwise around the track and picks up A and pushes it into the siding and picks up B
again. The engine then pulls out of the siding and reverses to uncouple B in its original position. A is then returned to
the siding and uncoupled. The engine then travels clockwise around the track and pushes B to As original position and
is then uncoupled. The engine then picks up A from the siding and shunts it into Bs original position. The engine then
returns to the siding.
6 5 lengths are needed (32 + 15), (18 + 23 + 08), (37 + 12), (25 + 22), (19 + 15 + 13)

Chapter 3

Algebraic expressions

## Prep Quiz 3:01

1 7 + 5 = 12
6 8 + 12 = 20

2 92=7
7 (41 + 47) 2 = 44

3 25 8 = 17
8 13 + 21 = 34

4 48 6 = 8
9 138 23 = 6

5 7 3 = 21
10 4 5 8 = 12

Exercise 3:01
1 a C

b F

c A

d D

2 a 2n

b n+3

c 8n

d 2n + 3

3 a 5+7

b 5+y

c x+y

5 a 83

b 8p

c qp

7 a 5 75 cents
30
30
8 a ------ cm
b ------ cm
5
t
10 a (60 3) km = 180 km

e B
n
1
--- or --- n
2
2
4 a 37
8 + 12
6 a --------------- =
2
e

2n 5

b 7a
10

## b 75a cents c ab cents

A
c --- cm
9 a 21 years old
t
b 60h km
11 a (10 3 2) m = 4 m

12 a (85x + 63y)c

13 Y 22, (Y 22) + x

14 a

15 (100 x)c

16
18
20
21

a
a
a
a

b (Cx + Dy)c
x+y
(x + y) km
b ------------ km/h
5
8
b y+2
c y1
76
b 180 (a + b)
\$(R P) b \$(P + G)
(a + b + 4) cm
b (2x + 2y) cm
2

22 a x cm

23 a 4(a + 2)
f
24 a
25 a
d
f
h
j
26 a
c
e
f

b x(x + 2) cm

b 8 (x + y)

17 2n + 1
19 a hm km
c 4s cm
xy
c ------ cm2
2
c 2(p + q)

k
b --- km/h
h

c ab
8+x
b -----------2

w+x
------------2

b 15 + y
b (X 2x) m

d (4x + 10) cm
bh
d ------ cm2
2
d (2a)2

k
---- hours
m

e 3a (b + c)

(x + 2)2
g x(y 5)
h
( 2m + 3n )
(3p + 4q)c
b [500 (3p + 4q)]c
product of x and y
b five subtract a
c two times p plus q
three times m minus two times n
e five times the sum of x and y
the square of a plus b
g divide the sum of x and y, by two
subtract n from m and divide the result by a
i the square root of the sum of u and v
the cube root of the product of a and b
the product of a, b and c; the sum of a, b and c
b subtract b from a; subtract a from b
three times the sum of a and b; three times a plus b
d x squared plus y squared; square the sum of x plus y
square root of a plus the square root of b; square root of the sum of a and b
a divided by b plus two divided by three; the sum of a and two, divided by the sum of b and 3

1 ab

534

2 xy2

3 2x + 3y

4 14

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

5 22

6 100

7 12

8 2

9 2

1
10 1 -----

15

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Exercise 3:02
1 a 7
k 25
u

7
-----12

2 a 1
k

5
--6

c 2

d 36

e 49

25

g 56

h 14

35

m 84

n 8

o 20

p 144

q 9

r 48

s 4

1
2 -----

v 7

w 384

x 6

b 7

c 12

d 48

e 144

g 6

h 22

1
-----12

8 3--4

56

m 80

ii 17

iii 18

3 a i 31

12

b 17
l

2 1--4

7 1--4

b i 24

ii 35

12 1--2

iii 2193

c i 1984

ii 19625

6 2b

7 8a + 5b

8 5x + y

31p
2p
1 3x
2 p2 + p
d 32pq
l 9a2b
t mnp
d 1

d
j
p
v
e
m

8x
e
7x
k
2
q
3a + a2 + 7
w
6ab
f 5x2
42a3
n 10x2

3m
-------2n

## Prep Quiz 3:03

1 9x

2 x

4 5x2

3 6xy

5 3x

12

iii 31 420
a
10 -----3b

9 24a2

Exercise 3:03
1 a
g
m
s
2 a
i
q
3 a
i

5x
10q
a + 4p
2q2 + 4q
24y
6p2q
ab2c
3x

b 13a
h 21e
n 2m
t 2y2
b 16a
j 5m2np
r 24k3
b 3

1
--3

9
--4

b 4m + 13

4 a mn2p

c
i
o
u
c
k
s
c

6xy
2mn2
70xy
3x2

k 5

c 19 2a

y
-z

q y

r 2n

s 6abc

5 a 20a

b x

c 12b

d 0
2a
l -----c
3a
t -----2x
d 3m

7ab

35

q 26n

k 0

k 6a

16

r 3x

s x

6y

20m

8a
-----3b
3
n --y

m 14
e 6x2y2
m

m 14x

60a2

n 25x

9
--5

v 1

f
l
r
x

6b
0
4p2 + 5p
8ab 16
h a2bc
p 7a2b2

1
g -----4a

h 8a

o 4n

a
p -----2b

15x2 + 5x g 60yz

n 18p2q2

1
--3

e 4
u

3a
4x
3x2 + x
x 7 3x2
g 15a2
o 6x2y

h 28x2

o 5a + b c p 15yz

g 3m2
o 10y
w 1

15
-----7

p 16m
a
-----2c

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## Prep Quiz 3:04A

1

4
--5

2
--5

7
-----12

7
--8

3
-----20

1
--4

7 11x

8 4ab

9 x

10 8a

Exercise 3:04A
x
b --5
8
j ---m
7a
b -----10
4a 9b
j -----------------6
5x
r --------3m

1 a 2a
1
--y
8x
2 a -----15
3x + 4y
i ------------------12
13a
q --------6x
i

c
k
c
k
s

5a
-----3
7a
-----x
y
-----12
6m + 5n
--------------------10
13m
----------4n

3m
d -------5
x
l -----y
m
d ---4
k 3l
l -------------6
8x + 3y
t ------------------12a

x+y
-----------4
4
m --n
7a
e -----6
10
m -----3x
e

5a 2b
-----------------3
1
n --x
13x
f --------6
5
n -----6a
f

5
g --a
2a
o -----b
n
g --8
31
o ----------10m

8
h --x
m
p ---x
p
h --2
1
p -----8x

## Prep Quiz 3:04B

1

3
--8

3
-----10

1
--6

2
--3

5 2

8
-----15

8 6a2

7 30x

9 3a

10 2a

Exercise 3:04B
xy
1 a -----6
px
i -----qy

ab
b -----12
j

1
--2

2 a 2

5
--3

m2
-----10
2m
-------n

a2
d -----40
l

2
-----15

15
-----2

2
--3

12
------am
2a
m -----3

5
--2

2
-----xy

n 1
f

9
--2

4
g ----2p
o 9
g

1
--2

1
h --------23n
16a
p --------15p
h 6

535

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 536 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

i
3 a
i

ay
-----bx

3
--4

k 15

4
--5

2
--3

4
----q2

6
-----ab

3
--x
2by
--------c

m 2x

3
n --a

o x2

b2
d ----2

e 2y

g 6m2

h 4

o 6

3
--2

3c

3
--2

n 1

27
-----4

2
--5

## Prep Quiz 3:05

3 6x + 8
9 2a2 + 6a

2 3a2
8 18 45y

1 10x
7 3x 21

4 x+2
10 5x 35

5 5y2 + 4y

6 13 + 2a

Exercise 3:05
1 a
e
2 a
g
m
s
3 a
g
m
4 a
g
m
s
5 a
g
m

5a + 35, 5(a + 7)
6x + 6y, 6(x + y)
2x + 6
b
21x 35y
h
6a2 3a
n
2m2 + 2mn
t
2x 6
b
21 14m
h
x2 10x
n
7a + 8
b
7a + 20
h
a+8
n
4m + 9
t
5x + 8
b
2x + 23
h
m2 m 12
n

b 21 + 3x, 3(7 + x)
f bc + ac, c(b + a)
3a + 15
c 5x 5
42m 48n
i x2 + 7x
2
18x + 63x
o 16p 40p2
10a2 + 15ab
3a 15
c 2y + 2
28 + 4x
i a 1
5y + y2
o 6x2 21x
10x + 7
c 8y 3
7x + 2
i 10n 7
5m 16
o 2y + 14
14x + 7
8y + 22
c 7a 3
3m
i 2a + 66
t2 9t + 20
o 3a2 + 3ab

c 7m + 7n, 7(m + n)
d 7m 21
j a2 a
p 21q + 14q2
d
j
p
d
j
p

5p + 15
3x 7
80mn + 10n2
10a 9
11h + 13
x + 28

d 13m 14
j 2n 46
p x2 + 2xy + y2

d pq + 8p, p(q + 8)

e 6a + 4b
k m2 + 10m
q ax + bx

f 5x + 5y
l n2 3n
r 2y2 + xy

e 21a 14
k 8 + 2p

f
l

e p + 10
k 8x + 7
q 9x + 21

f 15 m
l 10y + 2
r 2a + 6

e 17x 12
k x2 + 6x + 3

f
l

10x + 5
3a 2b

10x + 40
a2 + 10a 21

## Prep Quiz 3:06

1 12x
7 5y + y2

2 a
8 x2 + 4x + 3

3 x 2x + 3
9 25 a2
2

4 2x + 10
5 x 2x
10 6x2 19x 10

6 3a 3

Exercise 3:06
1 a
e
i
2 a
e
i
m
q
u
3 a
e
i
m
q
u
4 a
e
i
m

ab + 3a + 2b + 6
pq + 4p + 5q + 20
6ab 21a + 2b 7
a2 + 5a + 6
m2 2m 3
x2 6x + 8
y2 4y 77
a2 9
q2 + 10q + 25
2a2 + 7a + 3
4x2 + 8x + 3
10x2 12x + 2
18x2 + 6x 4
49p2 14p + 1
5p2 33p 14
12 + 7x + x2
y2 + 9y + 20
19n 6n2 + 7
4p2 q2

b
f
j
b
f
j
n
r
v
b
f
j
n
r
v
b
f
j
n

xy + 4x + y + 4
2xy + 6x + y + 3
14px + 7x + 10p + 5
x2 + 6x + 5
y2 + 5y 14
n2 8n + 7
a2 a 2
x2 4x 21
x2 10x + 9
2x2 + 5x + 2
6n2 + 7n + 2
24p2 13p 2
4n2 9
15x2 14x + 3
10q2 101q + 10
10 7a + a2
12x x2 35
x2 + 3xy + 2y2
6x2 13xy 5y2

c
g
k
c
g
k
o
s
w
c
g
k
o
s
w
c
g
k
o

mn + 5m + 7n + 35
3ap + 2a + 18p + 12
5px 20p + 3x 12
n2 + 7n + 12
x2 5x 6
a2 9a + 18
x2 16x + 64
y2 + 17y + 60
t2 + 13t + 30
3m2 + 17m + 10
8x2 + 18x + 9
10m2 29m + 10
64y2 1
25x2 + 40x + 16
12a2 + 25a + 12
7 6m m2
k2 + 19k + 90
2n2 + 5mn + 2m2
6a2 + 13ab + 6b2

d
h
l
d
h
l
p
t
x
d
h
l
p
t
x
d
h
l
p

ax + 2a + 3x + 6
8xy + 12x + 2y + 3
2ax + 4bx + ay + 2by
p2 + 7p + 10
t2 2t 8
x2 19x + 90
m2 11m + 18
a2 64
k2 + 3k 88
4y2 + 13y + 3
10t2 + 19t + 6
21q2 + q 2
15k2 19k + 6
27y2 + 6y 8
49p2 25
9 n2
2a2 + 7a + 3
2a2 + ab 3b2
81w2 90wx + 25x2

1 16

536

2 49

3 4

4 100

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

5 9x2

6 14

7 9

8 4

9 10

10 6

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Investigation 3:07
2

5
6
10

3
1
4

25
36
100

## The square of a binomial

y2

xy

(x + y)2

x2 + 2xy + y2

(x y)2

x2 2xy + y2

9
1
16

15
6
40

64
49
196

64
49
196

4
25
36

4
25
36

Exercise 3:07A
1 a
k
2 a
e
i
m
q
3 a
e
i
m

4
b 36
3
l 9
x2 + 6x + 9
m2 2m + 1
m2 + 22m + 121
x2 + 2xy + y2
k2 2km + m2
4x2 + 12x + 9
9a2 + 42a + 49
25m2 40m + 16
4x2 + 4xy + y2

c 9
m 7
b
f
j
n
r
b
f
j
n

d 100
e 2x
n 11
o 4x2
x2 + 10x + 25
n2 10n + 25
a2 + 24a + 144
a2 + 2am + m2
p2 2pq + q2
4x2 + 4x + 1
49t2 + 28t + 4
16t2 56t + 49
a2 + 6ab + 9b2

f
p
c
g
k
o

14y
g 4n
25n2
q 42m
x2 + 2x + 1
x2 + 4x + 4
x2 + 20x + 100
x2 + 2xt + t2

c
g
k
o

h 10p
r 40x

9x2 + 30x + 25
4x2 4x + 1
36q2 12q + 1
9t2 12xt + 4x2

i q2
j x2
s 4a
t 126y
d x2 12x 36
h n2 16n + 64
l p2 18p + 81
p a2 2ab + b2
d 16a2 + 8a + 1
h 9a2 12a + 4
l 81n2 + 72n + 16

## Prep Quiz 3:07B

1 40

2 40

3 12

4 12

5 24

6 24

7 27

m2 4
100 x2
m 2 n2
25m2 9
4x2 y2
x2 25y2

d
j
p
d
j
p

n2 49
25 a2
p 2 q2
81q2 4
16a2 9b2
144x2 25y2

c
g
k
o
s
w
c
g
k
o
s
w

2x x 1
6x2 23x + 7
x2 + 7x 30
x2 + 2xy + y2
2a 2x
21 4x
x2 2x + 20
12m + 37
2x2 + 8x + 8
4x2 x 14
p2 q2
3x2 + 11x + 8

8 27

9 19

10 19

Exercise 3:07B
1 a
g
m
2 a
g
m

x2 16
x2 9
x 2 t2
4a2 1
64n2 25
4m2 25n2

b
h
n
b
h
n

a2 1
y2 81
a2 b2
9x2 4
100x2 9
4p2 9q2

c
i
o
c
i
o

e p2 25
k 64 x2

f
l

q2 36
121 m2

e 16t2 9
k 25p2 4q2

f
l

49x2 1
9m2 n2

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Exercise 3:08
1 a
e
i
m
q
u
2 a
e
i
m
q
u
y
3 a
e
i

8x 21
9x2 6x + 1
x2 + 6x + 7
x2 15x
3x
4m2 20mn + 25n2
x2 + 7x + 11
2x2 + 9x + 11
2x2 + 6x + 5
5x + 7
9x2 10x 2
2a2 + 5ab + 3b2
12xy + 18y2
3x2 + 12x + 14
19a2 + 13ab 7b2
6x2 + 4xy + 6y2

Challenge 3:08

Investigation 3:08

2 a

56

x +x2
x2 25
8x
3x2 + 9x + 6
a2 4b2
1 25y2
a2 9a + 6
1
2a + 5
y 17
10x
2m2 + 2n2
ab
3x2 + 15x + 20
12x2 + 3x + 12
4y2

d
h
l
p
t
x
d
h
l
p
t
x

c 3a2 + 1
g 4m + 24

home
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home

4x x + 10
25x2 1
81 y2
2x2 + 5xy + 2y2
15a2 + 26a 21
81x2 64y2
x2 + 2x + 9
14y 98
2a2 4
3x2 + 24x + 49
2xy + 2y2
5x2 + 6x + 1
2

d 5x + 7
h 4x2 3y2 + 1

Patterns in products

Exercise A
1 a 10 201
Exercise B
1 a 396

b
f
j
n
r
v
b
f
j
n
r
v
z
b
f
j

3 11a2 + 110

4 55m2 55n2

b 42 025

## c 1 008 016 d 5184

b 840

c 1425

d 12 920

540

445

e 9604

39 601

g 990 025

h 4489

960

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 538 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

Diagnostic Test 3:
1 a y = 4x
2 a x+y
3 a 13

Algebraic expressions

b y = 2x + 2
c y = x2
5+m
b ------------- or (5 + m) 2
2
b 45
c 310

5 a 56m

b 30ab

7 a x

x
b -----6

9 a 6m

b 2

11
13
14
15

a
a
a
a

3x 6
b 2m
x2 + 7x + 12
b
x2 + 4x + 4
b
x2 9
b

c 10y

d 8ny

9m
d -------8
5a
c 12
d -----2
+ 16 c 15x 20 d 7 + 2m
2a2 7a + 3
c 6 y y2
a2 14a + 49 c 4y2 + 20y + 25
y2 49
c 4a2 25
c

i
2 a
g
l

2ab
j
x2 + x 2
x2 x + 2
4x2 + 8x + 4
5x
3 a -----b
6
4 4y
6

1
--2

c 4a

b 18x2

d 2x2

12ab
k 6a2 a
l x 3y
b 8x 3
c 3
h 6 5x + x2
i y2 x2
3a
-----10

5ab
--------d
4
5 a y = 12 3x
c

(2x 2)(x + 1) = x2 1

4 a 2a + 3b

b 2p2 + 2p

6 a 3a

b 5y

n
8 a --4

10
b -----ab

b 30a 12

c p2 + 3p

7a
-----15

3A Revision Assignment
1 a 7a

d 200 x

c \$pb

2
--3

10 a 9x + 63
12
d
d
d

1
--2

16x
--------f
15
2
b s=t +1

13m
----------30

8n
g -----7

b 10x2 + 12x

6
--5

d 15a 6a2

c a2 + 6ab

3y
-----g 2x + 3y
2
m 19 + 5x
n 12x
o 4x2 x
2
2
d 2x 13x 7 e x 25
f
j 4x2 4xy + y2 k 20x + 15

e 6

7 a 3x2 + 14x 24

a x
b 10n 7
2x2 5xy 3y2
m2 2mn + n2
x2 y2

d 4a x 2
1
d -----3y

c 2ab
3c
c -----2b

h 6ab2
p 10x
9x2 + 12x + 4

5x + 11
h -----------------6

c x2 + 4x + 4

3B Working Mathematically
1 a square
b rectangle
c parallelogram
d rhombus
e trapezium
f pentagon
g hexagon
h octagon
i kite
j isosceles triangle
2 a An octagonal prism
b 200 mL
3 17
4 a 4
b 10
5 a 40%
b 5%
6 a Tasmania; 60%
b Victoria; over 90%
c Queensland, just under 3000 per 10 000
d About 50%; less than 40%. Perhaps some could read but not write, or perhaps some children were not tested.

Chapter 4: Probability
Prep Quiz 4:01
1 A

2 C

3 B

4 A

5 A

6 B

7 In most classes, C

8 B

9 A

Exercise 4:01
1 a (1 and 2), (1 and 3), (1 and 4), (1 and 5), (1 and 6), (2 and 3), (2 and 4), (2 and 5), (2 and 6), (3 and 4),
(3 and 5), (3 and 6), (4 and 5), (4 and 6), (5 and 6)
b impossible
c not likely
d certain
e even chance
f likely, as 9 of the 15 outcomes have a sum that is odd.
2 a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
b 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12
c (blue, blue), (blue, green), (blue, red), (green, red), (green, green)
d (5 and 5), (5 and 6), (5 and 9), (5 and 10), (6 and 9), (6 and 10), (9 and 10)
3 a very unlikely
b very likely
c unlikely
d even chance
e impossible
f certain
4 a very unlikely
b very likely
c unlikely (occurs about 28% of the time)
d even chance
e impossible
f certain
5 a likely
b unlikely
c very unlikely
d certain; c(red), b(green), a(blue), d(coloured)
6 a very unlikely
b unlikely (occurs 3 out of 7)
c certain
d impossible; d(both are larger than 9), a(are both fives), b(have a sum equal to 15), c(have a sum greater than 9)
7 a Answers will vary, however, any 5 from the following might apply: who wins toss; recent form of the players; the
country where it is played; the condition of the wicket; the weather; the ability of the captains.
c yes
d No, because it may be a draw.

538

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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8 a unreasonable
b reasonable
c reasonable
d unreasonable
e unreasonable
f reasonable
g unreasonable
9 a If the horse was truly a certainty, then it could not have been beaten.
b Difference between numbers is 100 000! (Mine was not the next ticket sold.) Closeness to winning a lottery does
not equate with proximity of numbers, but rather to physical position of balls or tickets in the barrel, etc.
c If it was a truly impossible position, then winning would not have been possible.
Note: All of these expressions are not meant to be interpreted literally. They involve emotive exaggerations
(ie poetic licence) in order to stress a point of view.
10 This statement is false because some letters (such as the X) are rarely used to begin names.

1 10

2 3

3
-----10

1
--5

1
--2

6 6

3
--5

1
--3

4
--5

12
-----25

10

Exercise 4:02
1 a
3

1
-----20

6 a

7
-----10
-----, 19
20
1
i ----10

1
-----10

4 a
ii

c
5
-----21

13
-----30

iii

1
-----20
1
-----14
1
--3

8 a

3
-----20

2 a Brown
5 a

b no

## c even chance of rolling each number

9 a 4380

3
-----10
1
--- ;
2

12
-----25

7 a i
16
-----20

4
--5

ii
b

or 80%

9
-----50
1
-----10
1
-----20

b Yellow
b
iii

1
--5
21
-----50

c
17
-----20

1
--4
1
--5

b no
c

or 5%

3
-----20

or 15%

b 700

10 If 100 tagged fish is 3% of the total, then number of fish is approximately 3333.
35
7
8
2
22
11
11 a Kate: ------ = ------ ; Paul: ------ = --- ; Jason: ------ = -----5
40
20
80
16
20
b probably, but not necessarily
c probably, but not necessarily
e perhaps add them together to give a larger number of trials

d they should

1

7
--8

2
--3

3
--7

3
-----16

1
-----10

1
--4

1
--3

2
--3

5
-----26

10

3
-----10

4
--5

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Exercise 4:03
1 a

1
--6

1
--2

1
--3

## 3 a getting an even number

e seeing green or orange
4 a
5 a

1
-----52
1
-----26

b
b

1
-----13
5
-----26

7 4, no
9 a 2
11 a
12
13
14
15

18
-----37

c
c
8

b 6
b

18
-----37

2 a

1
--2

7
-----10

e 0

c getting a 6
d drawing a club, diamond or heart
f losing or playing a draw
g choosing a consonant
1
--2
1
-----13
5
-----12

d
d
b

1
--4
4
-----13
1
--6

e
6 a
c

1
-----26
1
--2
1
-----12

c 8
c

1
--5

1
-----37

f
b
d
10 a

19
-----37

6
-----37

2
-----13
1
--3
1
-----12
9
-----20
11
-----37

g
c
e
b

3
-----13
1
--6
5
-----12
1
--4

d 1

7
-----10

e 0

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5
--6

1
-----10

## h lose, because of the banks zero slot

b subtract 5 red or 5 blue marbles
Take a red marble from cup A and put it in cup B. He should then say he is going to select a white marble from cup A.
There is more than one solution: RB, RBBB or RBB, RBBBBB or RRB, RBB or RRBBB, RBBBB or RRRRB, RRBBB.
a 11
b 47
c 155

Exercise 4:04
1 a
f
2 a
i
p
3 a
j
4 a

53
--------- or 53%
100
43
--------- or 43%
100
1
--b 1--2
2
6
3
------ or -----52
26
8
2
------ or -----52
13
1
--b --22
5
2
3
--k ----5
10
3
3
i --ii --8
8

b
g
c
j
q
c
l
b

47
--------- or 47%
100
4
--- or 80%
5
1
----------d 12
13
13
15
1
-----k ----52
13
23
-----52
3
-----d --210
5
3
-----m 3--20
5
no
c 3--4

c
h
e
l

e
n

21
------ or 42%
50
73
--------- or 73%
100
3
2
-----f ----13
52
3
22
--m -----4
52

7
-----10
2
--5

d true

f
o

or
or

4
--5
17
-----20

e i

29
-----50

1
-----26
11
-----26

g
n

g 1
p
3
--8

ii

3
-----20
1
--2

or 58%
1
--4
37
-----52

9
-----50

or 18%

h 0
o

16
-----52

3
-----10

or

7
-----20

yes

g false

4
-----13

h true

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Diagnostic Test 4

Probability

1 a 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
2 a

3
-----44

41
-----44

c 3, 5, 7

c 0, It is obviously possible for me to play worse than ever before and so score more than 109,

## so the real probability is greater than zero.

3 a
4 a

1
--2
2
-----13

b
b

5
--6
3
-----26

c 0
c

5
-----52

1
--3
1
--2

2
--3
16
-----52

or

4
-----13

28
-----52

or

7
-----13

24
-----52

1
-----10
4
-----13

or

6
-----13

4A Revision Assignment
1 a
3 a

1
--6
2
--5

5 a i

b 0
b
3
-----10

ii

1
-----10
1
--4

1
--2

e 1

d 0

2 a
4 a

4
-----13

7
-----20
5
-----13

c
d

13
-----20
9
-----13

b No; the scores recorded so far are a limited sample. He theoretically could score any result from zero to 300.
6 No; the result of the game depends on the relative strengths of each team. Depending on the type of football,
a draw might be much less likely than either team winning.
7 cup C
8 1--3

4B Working Mathematically
1 a midpoint
b number line
c diagonals
d vertices
e hypotenuse
f 180
g 360
h [b] =
i = 60
j circumference
2 a (1) 3x 2
(2) 5x 4
(3) 7x + 7
(4) 4x 6
(5) 4x + 10 (6) 4x 6
(7) 2x + 7
(8) 6x 6
(9) 3x + 9
(10) 6x 3 (11) 3x + 13 (12) 3x 7
b (1) x + 4
(2) 3x + 8
(3) 5x 3
(4) 2x + 12 (5) 2x + 6
(6) 2x + 8
(7) 9
(8) 4x + 10 (9) x 1
(10) 4x + 11 (11) x + 1
(12) x + 13
c (1) 5x 7
(2) 5x + 1
(3) 7x 3
(4) 5x + 7
(5) 6x + 9
(6) 4x + 8
(7) 3x + 3
(8) 6x 8
(9) 4x
(10) 6x + 11 (11) 3x + 1 (12) 4x + 6
d (1) 6
(2) 20
(3) 16
(4) 64
(5) 16
(6) 4
(7) 20
(8) 32
(9) 96
(10) 224
(11) 8
(12) 1024
3 1 260 000 degrees
4 8 years
5 Estimates should be reasonably close to these. a 44% b 70% c 87%
6 a i 16 m ii 22 m iii 28 m
b i 72 m ii 36 m
c i 20 m ii 36 m iii 56 m
d i 36 m ii 72 m iii at least 36 m

Chapter 5:

Deductive geometry

1
4
7
10

## vertically opposite angles

2 supplementary angles
angles at a point
5 corresponding angles
co-interior angles
8 angle sum of a triangle = 180
base angles of an isosceles triangle are equal; ( = )

3 complementary angles
6 alternate angles
9 angle sum of a quadrilateral = 360

Exercise 5:01A
1 a HEB = 55 (adj. angles on straight line)
ABC = 55 (corresp. to HEB, DC || GH)
c BDG = 106 (supp. adj. angles)
ABC = 106 (corresp. to BDG, HC || FG)
2 a CBE = 39 (alt. to DEB, AC || DF)
x = 141 (adj. angles on a straight line)
c EBC = 70 (corresp. to GCD, EF || GH)
x = 70 (vert. opp. EBC)
e DCH = 125 (corresp. to CBF, EF || GH)
x = 35 (since x + 90 = 125)
3 a BCE = 82 (alt. to ABC, AB || ED)
x = 98 (co-int. to BCE, BC || FG)
c BCF = 152 (co-int. to ABC, AB || FC)
DCF = 120 (co-int. to CDE, FC || ED)
x + 272 = 360 (angles at a point)
x = 88
e BCF = 100 (alt. to ABC, AB || CF)
DCF = 59 (BCF BCD)
x = 121 (co-int. to DCF, DE || CF)

540

## b EFB = 93 (vert. opp. HFG)

ABC = 93 (corresp. to EFB, AD || EG)
b EBC = 88 (vert. opp. ABF)
x = 88 (corresp. to EBC, EF || GH)
d DAB = 92 (co-int. to CBA, AD || BC)
x = 62 (since x + 30 = 92)
f CBE = 48 (alt. to BED, AC || DF)
x = 42 (supp. adj. angles)
b BCD = 77 (alt. to ABC, AB || CD)
CDE = 103 (co-int. to BCD, BC || ED)
x = 103 (alt. to CDE, EF || CD)
d ACF = 45 (alt. to BAC, AB || FC)
DCF = 18 (alt. to CDE, FC || DE)
x = 63 (ACF + DCF)
f Draw CF right from C || AB and DE
ACF = 40 (co-int. to CAB, AB || CF)
DCF = 52 (co-int. to CDE, CF || DE)
x = 92 (ACF + DCF)

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## g ABD = 42 (co-int. to CDB, AB || CD)

ABF = 77 (co-int. to EFB, AB || EF)
x = 35 (ABF ABD)
i

## BDE = 76 (co-int. to DBC, AC || DE)

FDE = 38 (BDF = FDE, given)
x = 142 (co-int. to FDE, FG || DE)

## h Draw EI up from E || AB and CD.

GEI = 73 (co-int. to CGE, CD || EI)
FEI = 106 (co-int. to AFE, AB || EI)
x = 33 (FEI GEI)

Exercise 5:01B
1 a DCA = 40 (alt. to EDC, ED || CA)
ABC + 60 + 40 = 180 (angle sum of a )
ABC = 80
c CDE + 40 + 75 = 180 (angle sum of a )
CDE = 65
ABC = 115 (co-int. to CDE, AB || ED)
2 a CDB = 88 (suppl. to EDB)
DBC = 72 (suppl. to DBA)
x + 72 + 88 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 20
c DBC = 111 (vert. opp. to ABE)
x + 111 + 25 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 44
3 a BCA = 80 (suppl. adj. angle)
BAC = 80 (base ang. of isos. )
80 + 80 + ABC = 180 (angle sum of )
ABC = 20
c CBD = CDB (base angles of isos. )
68 + 2 CBD = 180 (angle sum of a )
CBD = 56
ABC = 124 (suppl. adj. angles)
4 a EBC = 60 (suppl. adj. angles)
ECB = 55 (suppl. adj. angles)
BEC = x (vert. opp. angles)
x + 55 + 60 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 65
c DBC = 70 (corresp. to EAB, EA || DB)
95 = x + 70 (ext. angle of DBC)
x = 25
e BCE = 40 (suppl. adj. angles)
96 = x + 40 (ext. angle of BCE)
x = 56
5 a BED = 58 (alt. to CBE, AC || DE)
x + 78 + 58 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 44
c CED = 55 (DEF is a straight line)
BCE = x (alt. to ABF, BF || CE)
x = 46 + 55 (ext. angle of CDE)
x = 101
ACD = 55 (base angles of isos. ACD)
BCA = 70 (BCD ACD)
ABC = 70 (base angles of isos. ABC)
x + 140 = 180 (angle sum of ABC)
x = 40

## b DCB = 30 (alt. to EDC, ED || BC)

ABC + 30 + 100 = 180 (angle sum of a )
ABC = 50

## b ABD = 48 (vert. opp. to ABE)

x + 75 + 48 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 57

## b CAB = 81 (alt. to ACD, AB || DC)

ABC = 81 (base angles of isos. )

## b x = 110 (alt. to EBC, DE || AC)

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d 30 + 35 + ABD = 180 (angle sum of a )
ABD = 115
DBC = 65 (suppl. adj. angles)
x = 50 + 65 (ext. angle of BCD)
x = 115
f acute BAC = 80 (angle of revoln)
acute ABC = 60 (angle of revoln)
x + 60 + 80 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 40
b BDA = x (alt. to CED, BD || CE)
x + 48 + 60 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 72
d ACD = x + 42 (ext. angle of ABC)
CAD = x + 42 (base angles of isos. DAC)
122 = 2x + 84 (ext. angle of ACD)
x = 19
f OAB and OBC are isosceles (radii equal)
ABO = 60 (base angles of isos. ABO)
COB = 120 (ext. angle ABO)
OCB = x (base angles of isos. OBC)
2x + 120 = 180 (angle sum of OBC)
x = 30

## Prep Quiz 5:01C

1 120

2 60

3 80

4 105

5 50

6 80

7 110

8 70

9 110

10 360

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Exercise 5:01C
1 a CBE = 80 (vert. opp. FBA)
x = 80 (opp. angles of a parm)
c CBE = 110 (vert. opp. ABF)
x + 60 + 110 + 90 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.)
x = 100
e EBC + 60 + 100 + 70 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.)
EBC = 130
x = 50 (suppl. adj. angles)
2 a CAB
CAB
CAB
ABC

## + 65 + 145 + 100 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.)

= 50
= ABC (base angles of an isos. )
= 50

## c CAB + 95 + 80 + 115 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.)

CAB = 70
ABC = 70 (base angles of an isos. )

## e BAC + 80 + 110 + 90 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.)

BAC = 80
ACB = 80 (base angles of isos. )
ABC + 80 + 80 = 180 (angle sum of a )
ABC = 20
3 a AE = EB (Diag. of a rect. bisect each other
and are equal)
x = 30 (base angle of isos. )
c DE = EC (Diag. of a rect. bisect each other
and are equal)
x = 32 (base angles of isos. )
4 a EAD = x (base angles of isos. )
2x = 70 (opp. angles of parm are equal)
x = 35
c ADB = 40 (alt. angles, AE || BD)
x = 40

Investigation 5:02A

Investigation 5:02B
1 6
5 (1)5, 5

542

## b EB = EC (Diag. of a rect. bisect each other

and are equal)
ECB = x (base angles of isos. )
x + x + 40 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 70

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## b GCF = 70 (corresp.angles, AD || BC)

GFC = x (corresp. angles, BE || AF)
CGF = 30 (vert. opp. angles)
x + 30 + 70 = 180 (angle sum of a )
x = 80

Decagon

## b ABE = 78 (opp. angles of a parm)

x = 78 (vert. opp. ABE)
d FBC = 80 (suppl. adj. angles)
CDF = 85 (suppl. adj. angles)
x + 85 + 80 + 80 = 360 (angle sum of a quad.)
x = 115
f Reflex ADC = 360 130 = 230
(angle sum at point D is 360)
x + 342 = 360 (angle sum of quad. ABCD)
x = 18
b BAC + 70 + 150 + 85 = 360
BAC = 55
BCA = 55 (base angles of an isos. )
ABC + 55 + 55 = 180 (angle sum of a )
ABC = 70
d EAD = EDA (base angles of isos. )
2 EAD + 100 = 180 (angle sum of a )
60 + 110 + 100 + ABC = 360
ABC = 90
f EAD = 80 (base angles of isos. )
BAC + 30 + 80 = 180 (angle sum of )
BAC = 70
ABC = 70 (base angle of isos. )

Dodecagon

10 12

No. of triangles

## 4 The number of triangles is two less than the number of sides.

5 n2
6 (n 2) 180
( n 2 ) 180
7 -------------------------------n

## The exterior angle sum of a convex polygon

2 6 180 = 1080
(2) 5 180 = 900 (3) 540

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

3 720
(4) 900 540 = 360

## 4 1080 720 = 360

6 The exterior angles sum to 360.

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Exercise 5:02
1
3
5
7

a
a
a
a

720
1080
3240
240

b
b
b
b

c
c
c
c

1440
1440
360
228

Investigation 5:02C

2 a i 5
4 a 108

ii 540
b 120
d 18
6 a 6
8 a 80
b 110

2340
900
162
315

i 6
135
9
120

ii 720
d 144
c 36
d 135

c
e
d
e

i 7
140
24
125

ii 900
14
-
f 158 ----17

60

## Regular polygons and tessellations

1 120
2 3
3 360
add at a vertex to give 360

Investigation 5:02D

b
c
b
c

4 A regular pentagon will not tessellate because the interior angles (108) cannot
5 Square and equilateral triangle.

2 15 840, 176

3 a 30

b 36

c n > 45

## Prep Quiz 5:03

1 and 2

B x

3 DCE
6 ACD and DCE
8 180 a

4 ACD
9 c

5 ACD
7 b
10 a = c

Exercise 5:03
1 a AEF = x (vert. opp. s)
AEF = y (corresp. s, || lines)
x=y

## b DBC = x (vert. opp. s)

BDE = 180 x (co-int. s, BC || DE)
BDE = 180 y (co-int. s, DB || EC)
180 x = 180 y
x=y

## Note: Other proofs may exist for exercises in deductive reasoning.

2
Let ABD be 2a and DBC be 2b.
D
ABC = 2a + 2b (ABD + DBC)
E
2(a + b) = 180 (ABC is a straight angle)
F
(a + b) = 90
Now EBD = a (BE bisects ABD; given)
DBF = b (BF bisects DBC; given)
a b
a
b
EBF = (a + b) = 90, (EBD + DBF)
A
B
C
EB BF (Q.E.D.)
3

## Let DAC and DCA be a (base angles of isos. ADC).

Let BAC and BCA be b (base angles of isos. ABC).
BAD = b a (BAC DAC)
BCD = b a (BCA DCA)

B
b
D
a

C
Let BAC and BCA be a (base angles of isos. ABC).
BDE = a (corresp. to BAC, DE || AC)
BED = a (corresp. to BCA, DE || AC)
BDE = BED (ie base angles of DBE are equal)
DBE is isosceles (Q.E.D.)

B
D

E
A

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F
D

## Let BAD and BCD be a (base angles of isos. ABC).

AED = CFD = 90 (DE AB, DF BC)
EDA = 180 a 90 (angle sum of AED)
FDC = 180 a 90 (angle sum of DFC)
EDA = FDC (Q.E.D.)

a

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2a

## Let BAC and BCA be a (base angles of isos. ABC).

DBC = 2a (ext. angle of ABC)
DCB = 2a (base angles of isos. BDC)
BCD = 2 BCA (Q.E.D.)

a
C
7

## Construction: Draw interval BD.

Let BAD be a and BCD be c.
ABD = a (base angles of isos. ABD)
DBC = c (base angles of isos. BCD)
2a + 2c = 180 (angle sum of ABC)
a + c = 90 (dividing both sides by 2)
ABC = 90, (ABD + DBC) (Q.E.D.)

B
a c

## Construction: Draw BF || AD and CE.

Let ABD be a and CBE be b.
CEB = b (base angles of isos. BCE)
FBE = b (alt. to CEB, BF || CE)
2a + 2b = 180 (ABC is straight)
a + b = 90 (dividing both sides by 2)
DBE = 90, (FBD + FBE) (Q.E.D.)

F
E

a
b
a b
a
b
B

C
2a
a

10

D
a
B

## Let BAE = x, ABE = y and BCD = z

x + y = 90 (comp. s in ABE)
z + y = 90 (comp. s in BCD)
x=z
BAE = BCD

B
E

## Let DOB and DEO be a (base angles of isos. ODE).

CDO = 2a (ext. angle of ODE)
OCD = 2a (base angles of isos. OCD, radii equal)
AOC = DEO + OCD (ext. angle of OCE)
AOC = a + 2a = 3a
AOC = 3 DOB (Q.E.D.)

C
A
11

C
a c
A

544

a
O

## Construction: Draw interval OC

OA = OC = OB (radii of circle)
Let OAC = a and OBC = c
ACO = a (base angles of isos. ACO)
BCO = c (base angles of isos. BCO)
2a + 2c = 180 (angle sum of ABC)
a + c = 90
ACB = 90 (ACO + BCO) (Q.E.D.)

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12

C
x y
O

x
D

## Construction: Join CO and extend it to D.

OA = OB = OC (radii of circle)
Let ACO = x and BCO = y
ACB = ACO + BCO
= x + y
CAO = x (base angles of isos. OAC)
AOD = 2x (ext. angle of OAC)
Similarly,
CBO = y and BOD = 2y
AOB = AOD + BOD
= 2x + 2y
= 2(x + y)
= 2 ACB (Q.E.D.)

1 figure C

2 figure D

3 L

4 QP

5 O

6 PO

7 C

8 no

9 no

10 no

Exercise 5:04
1 a

5 cm

5 cm

60

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c
4 cm
4 cm
5 cm

5 cm

60

50

60

50

60

60
5 cm

5 cm

## 2 The answer to all parts of the question is no.

3 No
4 a i yes
ii no
b no
5 a yes
b yes
c yes
d no
e yes
6 a yes
b no
c yes
d yes
e it is between the two sides
f When the angle is placed between the two sides the positions of the remaining two vertices are fixed.
Hence there is only one possible answer for the length of the third side and the size of the other angles.
7 a 50
b yes
c yes
d opposite the smallest angle
e no
f yes
g It has to be placed opposite the same-sized angle.
8 a yes
b Pythagoras theorem
c yes

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 546 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## Prep Quiz 5:05

1 EF

2 ED

3 DF

4 E

5 D

6 F

7 PQ

8 QR

9 70

10 no

Exercise 5:05
1 a RHS
b SSS
c AAS
d SAS
2 a yes (SSS) b no
c no
d no
3 a In s ABC and CDA
i AC is common
ii BAC = DCA (data)
ABC = CDA (data)
ABC CDA (AAS)
c In s PQN and LMN
i QN = MN (data)
ii NPQ = NLM (alt. s PQ // LM)
iii NQP = NML (alt. s PQ // LM)
PQN LMN (AAS)
e In s ABC and ADC
i AC is common
iii CB = CD (data)
4 a In s ABC and DEC:
(1) BC = CE (given)
(2) AC = DC (given)
(3) ACB = DCE (vert. opp. s)
ABC DEC (SAS)
c In s ABD and ACD:
(1) AB = AC (given)
ABD ACD (RHS)
e In s ABD and ACD:
(1) ABD = ACD (given)
ABD ACD (AAS)
g In s ABF and CDE:
(1) AFB = CED (given)
(2) AB = CD (sides of a square are equal)
(3) ABF = EDC (angles of a square are equal)
ABF CDE (AAS)
5 a In s ABC and DCB:
(1) ACB = DBC (given)
(2) AC = DB (given)
(3) BC is common
ABC DCB (SAS)

e AAS
s CED and CAB
DC = AC (data)
EC = BC (data)
DCE = ACD (vert. opp. s)
CED CAB (SAS)
d In s POQ and TOS
i OP = OT (radii of circle)
ii OQ = OS (radii of circle)
iii POQ = TOS (data)
POQ TOS (SAS)
f In s AOE and COD
i AO = CO (radii of circle)
ii EO = DO (radii of circle)
iii AOE = COD (vert. opp. s)
AOE COD (SAS)
b In s ABD and BAC:
(1) BD = AC (given)
(2) ABC = BAC (given)
(3) AB is common
ABD BAC (SAS)
d In s ABC and ADC:
(2) BC = DC (given)
(3) AC is common
f In s AOB and COD:
(1) OA = OC (radii of circle)
(2) OB = OD (radii of circle)
(3) AOB = COD (given)
AOB COD (SAS)

b In
i
ii
iii

## b In s DBC and ECB:

(1) BDC = CEB (given)
(2) ABC = ACB (given)
(3) BC is common
DBC EBC (AAS)

Exercise 5:06
1 a (AAS); DE = 10 cm
2 a ABC EDF (SAS)
x = 385 (corresp. sides of congt s)
c ABC CDE (SAS)
x = 50 (corresp. s of congt s)
3 a In s ABD and CBD
i BA = BC (data)
ii DA = DC (data)
iii BD is common
ABD CBD (SSS)
a = 120 (corresp. s of congt s)

546

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

b (SAS); DE = 27 cm
b XYZ LNM (AAS)
b = 122 (corresp. sides of congt s)
b In
i
ii
iii

AB = AC (data)
x = 4 (corresp. sides of congt s)

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 547 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## s AOB and OCD

OA = OC (radii of circle)
OB = OD (radii of circle)
AOB = COD (data)
OAB OCD (SAS)
x = 8 (corresp. sides of congt s)
e In s BAC and DCA
i BA = DC (data)
ii BAC = DCA (data)
iii CA is common
BAC DCA (SAS)
x = 29 (corresp. s of congt s)

c In
i
ii
iii

## 4 a In s ABC and ADC:

(2) BC = DC (given)
(3) AC is common
BAC = DAC (corresp. s of congt s)
c In s AXB and DXC:
(1) AX = XD (given)
(2) BX = XC (given)
(3) AXB = CXD (vert. opp. s)
AXB DXC (SAS)
BAX = CDX (corresp. s of congt s)
But ABX and DCX are alternate angles
AB // CD (equal alt. s)
e In s OAC and OBC:
(1) OA = OB (radii of circle)
(2) AC = CB (given)
(3) OC is common
OAC OBC (SSS)
OCA = OCB (corresp. s of congt s)
Now OCA + OCB = 180 (adj. supp. s)
2 OCA = 180
OCA = 90
OCA = OCB = 90

## d In s CAB and CED

i AC = EC (data)
ii ACB = ECD (vert. opp. s)
iii BC = DC (data)
CAB CED (SAS)
x = 98 (corresp. s of congt s)
f In s AEB and BDA
i AB is common
ii EAB = DBA (data)
iii AE = BD (data)
AEB BDA (SAS)
ADB = 85 (corresp. s of congt s)
a + 70 + 85 = 180 (angle sum of )
a = 25
b In s ABC and DBC:
(1) AC = CD (given)
(2) AB = DB (given)
(3) BC is common
ABC DBC (SSS)
ABC = CBD (corresp. s of congt s)
d In s AOD and BOD:
(1) AO = OB (radii of a circle)
(2) OD is common
AOD BOD (RHS)
AD = DB (corresp. sides of congt s)
f

## In s AOC and BOD:

i OA = OB (radii of circle)
ii OC = OD (radii of circle)
iii AOC = BOD (vert. opp. angles)
AOC BOD (SAS)
AC = DB (corresp. sides of cong. s)
CAO = DBO (corresp. angles of cong. s)
AC // DB (alt. angles CAO, DBO are equal)

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Exercise 5:07
1

## BCE = (alt. s, AB // CE)

ECD = (corresp. s, AB // CE)
BCD = BCE + ECD
=+

## 2 x + c = 180 (adj. s on a st. line)

y + b = 180 (adj. s on a st. line)
z + a = 180 (adj. s on a st. line)
(x + c) + (y + b) + (z + a) = 540
(x + y + z) + (a + b + c) = 540
But x + y + z = 180 ( sum of a )
180 + (a + b + c) = 540
a + b + c = 360

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2 x O
A

y B

x y

C
Produce CO to D
AO = BO = CO (radii of circle)
Let OCA = x and OCB = y
ACB = x + y
OAC = x (base s of isos. OAC)
AOD = 2x (ext. of AOC)
OBC = y (base s of isos. OBC)
BOD = 2y (ext. of BOC)
Reflex AOB = AOD + BOD
= 2x + 2y
= 2(x + y)
= 2 ACB
5 a

## Let the angles be

a, b and c
Since AB = AC
b = c
(base s of isos. )
Since BA = BC
a = c
(base s of isos. )
a = b = c
a + b + c = 180
( sum of )
3a = 180
a = 60
a = b = c = 60

B = C (data)
Draw a perpendicular from A to BC,
meeting BC in D.
In s ABD and ACD
i ABD = ACD (data)
ABD ACD (AAS)
AB = AC (corresp. sides of congt s)
6 a In s ABD and ACD
i AB = AC (data)
ABD ACD (RHS)
BD = CD (corresp. sides of congt s)

A = B = C (data)
AC = AB (using part a and B = C)
AB = CB (using part a and A = C)
AB = AC = CB
ABC is equilateral

b In
i
ii
iii

## s ABD and ACD

AB = AC (data)
BD = CD (data)
ABD ACD (SSS)

7 a 72
b A hexagon. If the radius equals the side length then the triangle is equilateral and x = 60. As 360 60 = 6, the
hexagon is the only polygon for which this will occur.
8 a SAS
b corresp. sides of congt s
c SAS
d corrresp. sides of congt s
e because they are both equal to AS.
f isosceles
g A line drawn from the midpoint of the base of an isosceles triangle to the third vertex is perpendicular to the base.

548

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 549 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

Exercise 5:08
2 trapezium
3 parallelogram
4 rectangle
5 square
6 rhombus
2 a alt s and // lines
b alt. s and // lines
c yes
3 In s ABE and CDE:
d In s ABC and CDA:
(1) AB = DC (opp. sides of a parm)
(1) BAC = DCA (alt. s and // lines)
(2) BAE = DCE (alt. s, AB // DC)
(2) BCA = DAC (alt. s and // lines)
(3) EBA = EDC (alt. s, AB // DC)
(3) AC is common
ABE CDE (AAS)
ABC CDA (AAS)
AE = EC (corresp. sides of congt s)
i ABC = CDA (corresp. s of congt s)
EB = ED (corresp. sides of congt s)
ii AB = DC (corresp. sides of contg s)
BC = AD (corresp. sides f congt s)
4 a Opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal.
b Opposite sides of a parallelogram are equal.
c AB = DC and BC = AD proved above. But AD = DC (given), AB = DC = AD = BC
d i isosceles
ii isosceles
e equal s of isos. 
f equal s of isos. 
g alt. s and // lines.
i
BAC = ACD (alt. s, AB // DC)
A
B
BCA = DAC (alt. s, AD // BC)
But BAC = BCA (equal s of isos. )
BAC = ACD = BCA = DAC
AC bisects the angles DAB and DCB.

## 5 a Diagonals of a parallelogram bisect each other.

b In s ABE and CBE:
(1) AE = EC (diag. of parm bisect each other)
(2) BE is common
(3) AB = BC (sides of a rhombus are equal)
ABE CBE (SSS)
AEB = BEC (corresp. s of congt s)
But AEB + BEC = 180 (adj. supp. s)
2 AEB = 180
AEB = 90
AEB = BEC = 90
6 a DAB = 90 (co-int. s, AB // DC)
ABC = 90 (co-int. s, AD // BC)
BCD = 90 (co-int. s, AB // DC)
b In s ABD and DCA:
(1) AB = DC (opp. sides of a parm are equal)
(3) ADC = DAB (s of a rectangle)
ABD DCA (SAS)
AC = DB (corresp. sides of congt s)
7 In s ABC and CDA
(i) AB = CD (given)
(ii) BC = DA (given)
(iii) AC is common
ABC CDA (SSS)
BCA = CAD (corresp. angles of cong. s)
BC // DA (alt. angles equal)
BAC = DCA (corresp. angles of cong. s)
AB // CD (alt. angles equal)
Opposite sides are parallel
ABCD is a parallelogram
8 a Vertically opposite s
b SAS
c CBE (corresp. s of congruent s)
d ADE and CBE are equal alternate s
e SAS
f Corresp. s of congruent s
g Pairs of alternate angles are equal.

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 550 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## 10 Proof: DC = AB (opp. sides of parm ABCD)

AB = FE (opp. sides of parm ABFE)
DC = FE
Also DC // AB and AB // FE
DC // FE
DC and FE are parallel and equal.
DCEF is a parallelogram.
12
B
A

13

D
A

## Proof: ABCD is a parallelogram (opposite s equal)

4x = 360 (angle sum of quad.)
x = 90
ABCD is a parallelogram with one right angle.
ABCD is a rectangle.

B
x

D
14 a yes
d yes
15 yes

b yes
e yes

## Data: ABCD is a quadrilateral with AB = DC and AB // DC.

Aim: To prove AD // BC.
Construction: Join BD.
Proof: In s ABD and CBD
(1) AB = DC (data)
(2) BD is common.
(3) ABD = CDB (alt. s, AB // DC)
ABD CBD (SAS)
ADB = CBD (corresp. s of congt s)
But ADB and CBD are also alternate s
AD // BC (pair of alt. s are equal)
ABCD has both pairs of opposite sides parallel.
ABCD is a parallelogram.
11 Proof: AK = KC (diag. of parm bisect each other)
EA = CG (data)
AK + EA = KC + CG
EK = KG
Similarly it can be shown that KH = KF.
Diagonals EG and FH bisect each other.
EFGH is a parallelogram.
Proof: ABCD is a parallelogram.
(Both pairs of opposite sides are equal.)
AB = BC (data)
ABCD is a parallelogram with a pair of adjacent sides equal.
ABCD is a rhombus. (See definition p. 153.)

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## c No, because it does not have all its sides equal.

f No, because it does not have all its angles equal.

Investigation 5:08

## Theorems and their converses

1 If a triangle has all angles equal then it has all its sides equal. (This converse is true.)
2 If a quadrilateral has its diagonals equal then it is a square. (This converse is not true.)
3 If a quadrilateral has its opposite angles equal then it is a parallelogram. (This converse is true.)

Exercise 5:09
1 a 2
3 a x=

52

45 = 3 5

y=

48

= 2 13
4 a 128

2 a yes
b x=

= 4 3
b 4

Diagnostic Test 5

27

y=6

= 3 3
c 9m

5 a

12 = 2 3

c no

116 y =

= 2 29
b

20

= 2 5

10 3 5 5  61 m

Deductive geometry

## 1 a AFG = x (corresp. s, AB // CD)

x + 130 = 180 (adj. supp. s)
x = 50
c LON + 90 + 70 + 85 = 360 ( sum of quad.)
LON = 115
LOP = x (base s of isos. )
x + 115 = 180 (adj. supp. s)
x = 65
2 a 2340
b 135
c 18

550

b no
c x=

## b DBE = EDB (base s of isos. )

2 EDB + 40 = 180 ( sum of )
EDB = 70
EDB = x (alt. s, AC // DE)
x = 70

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 551 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## 3 a DBA = x (alt. s, AB // CD)

DBA = y (alt. s, AC // BD)
x=y

4
5

6
7

## c Let ABC = ACD = x

ATE = x (comp. s, ATE)
FTD = x (vert. opp. s)
ABC = FTD
a SAS
b SSS
c AAS
a In s ABD and ACD
(2) AB = AC (data)
(3) BD = CD (data)
ABD ACD (SSS)
ABD = ACD (corr. s of cong. s)
c In s ABX and ACY
(1) AB = AC (data)
(2) BX = CY (data)
(3) ABX = ACY (base s of isos. )
ABX ACY (SAS)
AX = AY (corr. sides of cong s)
a 9
b 35
c 30
a
BCA = a (base s) of isos. BAC)
CBD = 2a (ext. of BAC)
BCD = 2a (base s of isos. DBC)
Now ACD = BCA + BCD
= a + 2a
= 3a

c In
i
ii
iii

9 a
b
c

AC is common
BC = DC (data)
CAB = CAD (corresp. s of congt s)

## CBD = CDB (base s of isos. )

ABD = 90 CBD
AB = AD (equal sides of isos. )

## b In s OAB and OCD

(1) OA = OC (radii of circle)
(2) OB = OD (radii of circle)
(3) AB = CD (data)
OAB OCD (SSS)
AOB = COD (corr. s of cong. s)

## b In s ABC and ACD,

ii ABD = ACD (data)
ABC ACD (AAS)
8 a See Exercise 5:08 question 13
b A
D

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125 cm

8 cm
208 cm

ABCD is a rectangle
(diagonals are equal and bisect each other)
AD = DC (corresp. sides of congt s)
ABCD is a square
(rectangle with a pair of adjacent sides equal)
c One pair of sides is both equal and parallel.

5A Revision Assignment
1 a

BEG = 70 (comp. s)
x + 70 = 180 (co-int. s, AB // CD)
x = 110
BAC = x (alt. s, DB // AC)
BAC = x (base s of isos. )
2x + 52 = 180 ( sum of )
x = 64

## EBA = 70 (base s of isos. EAB)

DBC = 60 ( of equil. )
EBD = 50 (adj. s on a st. line)
BDE = 50 (base s of isos. EBD)
x + 50 + 50 = 180 ( sum of )
x = 80
d BCD + 74 + 138 + 96 = 360 ( sum of quad.)
BCD = 52
BDC = x (base s of isos. )
2x + 52 = 180 ( sum of )
x = 64
b

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2 a 72, 144
b a = 108, b = 36, c = 36, d = 72
3 In s BED and CFD
i BD = CD (D is midpoint of BC)
iii BDE = CDF (vert. opp. angles)
BED CFD (AAS)
BE = CF (corresp. sides of cong. s, Q.E.D.)
4
Let BAC and BCA be a (base angles of isos. ABC).
E
DCF = a (vert. opp. BCA)
CFD = 180 a 90 (angle sum of CFD, FD CD)
AED = 180 a 90 (angle sum of AED)
CFD = AED (both 90 a)
BEF is isosceles (base angles equal) (Q.E.D.)

C
A

D
F

## 5 1850 cm (correct to 2 dec. pl.)

6 CA = CB (equal sides in isos. CAB)
CB = CD (equal sides in isos. CBD)
CA = CD

5B Working Mathematically
1 The shape of the lamp shade is based on a square pyramid. The top section of the pyramid and its base have been
removed.
2 34
3 12 L; 33 L
4 a 12
b 8
5 a 327 m
b 36
c \$616.65
6 a 15 m
b 06, 34 seconds
c 20 m
d 2 seconds
e 14 seconds

Chapter 6:

## Indices and surds

Exercise 6:01
24
b 32
c 53
d 75
e 103
f 94
g x2
3
5
6
2
3
4
n
j m
k p
l y
m 4
n t
o x5
222 b 44
c 66666
d 10 10 10 10
e 777
aaa h xxxx
i yy
j mmmmm
nnnnnnn
l ppp
32
b 81
c 49
d 121
e 10 000
f 216
g 256
32 768
j 59 049
k 16 777 216 l 14 348 907 m 8000
n 27 783
o 455 625
105
b 103
c 106
d 56
e 25
f 76
g 39
h 28
i 1010
101
b 103
c 101
d 54
e 73
f 39
g 21
h 50 or 1 i 26
106
b 109
c 1012
d 212
e 24
f 235
g 38
h 515
i 78
26 34
k 76 118
l 34 28
x5
b y6
c m6
d m5
e p10
f a2
g y7
h x3
i m7
3y5
k 3m6
l 15x3
x3
b x4
c x5
d m2
e y3
f m2
g 1
h 1
i y6
2m6
k 2y8
l 4x5
x6
b y8
c a15
d 1
e 1
f 1
g y6
h a18
i x9
8x3
k 9x4
l 625m8
8x7
b 5a3
c 4m10
d 8x
e 5a
f 4m2
g 50y4
32a9
j 2y2
k 8
l 2a
m 72x8
n 27a9
o 108y7
5
5
2
5
3a
r 3y
s 3a
t 2x
u 2a
6
b 6
c 1
d a
e y3
f m5
g 8m6
12
5 3
2 9
5 3
3 4
5 2
16p
j xy
k ab
l xy
m xy
n ab
o m3n4
a2b2c2
r p3q9
s 10x3y2
t 28a3b5
u 44a5b2
v 3a4
w 24a3
2
3
2
22x 5x z 12x + 7x + 1
x3
y
10
30x6
b 40a3
c 5xy4
d ----e --f -----g x8
2
7
x
i y26
j a2
k m2
l n2
m y19
n 8a18
o b2
xy 3
q 2a2
r 7pq2
s 2x5
t 6x6
u -------16

1 a
i
2 a
g
k
3 a
i
4 a
5 a
6 a
j
7 a
j
8 a
j
9 a
j
10 a
i
q
11 a
i
q
y
12 a

552

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

h a4
f

h 78 125
p 592 704

h 32m4
p 2x2
h 16n6
p x4y6
x 2c
h a13
p x2

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13 a
i
m
14 a

x4 x2
b 5a3 a5
2m3n2 2m5
7x2
n 4y4
32x + 1
b 5y 1

5a3 a5
d x3 + xy
5x3 3x2 + 7x
6x2 + x
24x 2
d e3x + 1

c
j
o
c

e 7m m3 f y3 xy2
k 2x4 + 7x3 14x2
e ex + 1

## g 6a5 + 9a3 h 15x3 5x2

l y3 7y2 y

ex + 3

Exercise 6:02
1
--3

1 a
2 a
j
3 a
4 a

b
k
b
b

11
103
true
103
1
5 a --a
5
j ----3a
6 a x1
ma3

1
--5

b
1

1
--2

c
1

c
l
c
c

d
1

3
106
false
101
1
b --x
10
k -----2y
b x2

5
105
true
105
1
c ---m
36
l -----4q
c x3

k 3ab2

1 1--2
3
--x

b x4
3x3

b 52y 2

Investigation 6:02
1

1
-----------1000
4

1
-----16
8

1
----------------10 000
2

e 3

g 2

h 7

d false
d 103
1
d --y

e false
e 101
1
e ----3x

f
f

false
106
1
----y2

g true
g 106
1
g ----4x

h false
h 104
1
h ------6
m

d x4

e 5y2

3a1

g 10m4 h 75x3

d 10
5
d ------2
m

e 4

g 2 1---

1
-----25

102

2
--x

xy2

1
------------------( x + 1 )2

c 004
j 0064
c m3
2
j ----5a

d 0015 625
k 100 000
d 1
8
k --y

c y2
2
j ----4a
1
c ----6y

d x4
24
k -----5a
d m

e 0015 625 f
l 256
e 3a
f
30
l ------5
m
1
e ----4f
a
l 2n
e

1
-----------l
2a 2 b
.
1
- or 0.083
d -----

1
------------------( 3 + a )1

h 11 1---

1
-------2x 2
2
-------a2 b

1
1
g ------------2- or -----------2
( 6x )
36x

0015 625 g 8

30x2

g 5a

1
----y4

1
g ----3y

1
-------9x 2

25
g -----2x

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12

d ex + 1

c e2x

## Zero and negative indices

104

Power of 10

d 7

1
12 a a
b ----2x
49
1
1
h -----4i --------j --------------abc
x
a2 b2 c2
.
.
13 a 5--- or 0.83 b 1--- or 0.16 c 1
6
6
6

14 a 32x

1
-----16
3

4xy1

7 a 2
b 3
c
1
1
8 a ----2b ----5c
x
a
4
4
h ------------------1- or -----------x+2
(x + 2)
9 a 0125
b 00625
h 25
i 400
10 a x
b a3
1
h 30m2
i ----3x
11 a m5
1
h ----2x

1
-----36
1

103

102

10 000 1000

101

100

10

100

101

102

103

104

1
-----10

1
--------100

1
-----------1000

1
----------------10 000

Yes
54

Power of 5

53

625

Yes
2 a true

b true

52

125

51

25

50

51

52

53

54

1
--5

1
-----25

1
--------125

1
--------625

c true

d true

e true

true

g true

h true

true

## Prep Quiz 6:03

1

25 = 5

6 n=

7 n=

1
--2

49 = 7

8 n=

1
--2

8 = 2

9 n=

1
--2

5 n=

125 = 5

10 n =

1
--3

1
--2
1
--3

Exercise 6:03
1 a
2 a 3
3 a 2

5
1
--2

b 32
b 7

10
1
--2

c 2

2
11

1
--3

d 2

d 3 2
d 73
e 4

e 4 3

7 6

1
--2

10

g 12

h 1

11

k 9

3

553

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 554 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

4 a x

b a

1
--3

1
--5

5 a

6 a 15
j 4
7 a 4
8 a 9a

c m
c

b 28
k 32
b 2

4 8

b xy

3
--2

d 12x
d 27

c 32
l 1000
c 54

Investigation 6:03
1
--2

1
--2

c 4m

e 6y

e 8

18n
32

8 =

h 25

2a3

ab2

k 3x2y3 l

2xy

1
--4

243

k 16

1
--8

3 200 000

e 15

20

g 3375

d 3
a2
d ----2b

e 1
8
e ----3x

1
--2

y9
--------125

1
--2

h 81

h 4

## Reasoning with fractional indices

5
--2

x = x , 3b = 1, b =

g 8

h y2

d 9

## x , x , x , x , x . . . The power of x is increasing by

3b

g x

-1

-3

1
--3

-2

1
--2

each time.

-1

23 = ( 23 )2 = 22 = 22 22 = 2 2 = ( 2 )2 ( 2 )1 = ( 2 )3

## Some values are: (x = 4, p = 1, q = 2), (x = 8, p = 1, q = 3), (x = 16, p = 1, q = 4)

Investigation 6:04
1 a 18
i 6 200 000
2 a 018
decimal point

## Multiplying and dividing by powers of 10

b 180
c 1800
j 31416
k 31416
b 0018
c 00018
n places to the left.

d 405
e 405
f 4050
g 62 000
h 620 000
l 31 416. To multiply by 10n move the decimal point n places to the right.
d 9685
e 09685
f 009685. To divide by 10n move the

Exercise 6:04
1 a 2 104 = 2 10 10 10 10 = 20 000, 24 = 2 2 2 2 = 16
1
1
1
5
1
b 5 10 2 = 5 -------2- = 5 --------- = --------- , 5 2 = ----- = -----100
100
25
10
52
c 1577 88 1012 or 1 577 800 000 000 (taking 1 year = 36525 days). However, since years that are multiples of 100
are not leap years unless they are multiples of 400, the answer could be 1 577 847 600 000 or 1577 847 6 1012.
d Yes (if you are older than 9 years 4 months 8 days)
e 98 105, 00034, 56 102, 204, 6, 5499 102, 324 103, 12 104
f 76 103 cm
g Answers may vary. It would be about 05 mm, or 5 101 mm, or 5 102 cm.
2 a 21
b 021
c 021
d 704
e 00704
f 00704
g 1375
h 0001 375
i 0001 375
3 a 47 102
b 26 103
c 53 104
d 7 102
e 5 104
f 7 105
g 65 101
h 342 102
i 9 101
j 497 103
4
6
2
1
k 635 10
l 2941 10
m 2971 10
n 693 10
o 49765 103
p 931 106
q 67 107
r 1901 105
s 6 105
t 5017 105
5
u 1 10
4 a 75 102
b 63 103
c 59 101
d 8 102
e 3 104
3
1
2
4
f 9 10
g 3 10
h 301 10
i 529 10
j 426 101
k 1 103
l 97 106
m 6 105
n 907 104
o 4 109
5 a 230
b 94 000
c 3700
d 295
e 874
f 763 000
g 1075
h 20 000
i 80
j 0029
k 0001 9
l 095
m 0003 76
n 0000 463
o 00107
p 007
q 080
r 0000 005
s 973 000
t 00063
u 47 000 000
v 9142
w 0010 32
x 100 000 000

1 69 102
6 2900

2 4 103
7 800 000

3 9632 102
8 0046

12
1.4
b 4631 109
g 76514 108

4 73 102
9 0000 000 5

5 3 104
10 0814

Exercise 6:05
1 a

15
6.3
2 a 302 105
f 46327 1010

11
9.2
c 137 1015
h 1031 24 1012

d 131 104
i 69333 105

e 69 108

## A calculator readout of 2. 04 = 2 104 = 20 000; 24 = 16.

3 1031 24 1012, 46327 1010, 69 108, 69333 105, 131 104, 302 105, 76514 108, 4631 109,
137 1015

554

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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4 a
f
5 a
f
6 a
e

21160 1014
b 56689 1012
13158 1012
g 39366 1012
318 600
b 0006 626
771 000
g 86 310
1393 106, 12 800 km or 128 104 km
2 1038

16807 1016
d 71538 1011
40459 1019
02442
d 0000 014 44
0004 498
i 0000 188 7
5 000 000 km or 5 106 km
c 8 min

c
h
c
h
b

e 16687 1014
e 0008 424
d 2 1027 tonnes

Exercises 6:06
1 a
g
m
s
y
2 a

b
h
n
t
z

rational
irrational
rational
rational
rational

c
i
o
u

irrational
rational
rational
rational
irrational

2
1

6  24

7  26

g
1

10
3

10  32

 31
3 a 3, 4
b 4, 5

8
3

20
1

12  35

12
0

8  28

h
4

5
0

irrational
rational
irrational
irrational

5  22

f
l
r
x

rational
rational
rational
irrational

3  17

e
k
q
w

rational
rational
irrational
rational
3

2  14

d
j
p
v

rational
rational
rational
rational

20  45

4
c 6, 7

d 8, 9

e 9, 10

19, 20 j

30, 31

3, 2 , 5

8, 3 ,

40, 65, 7, 50

2, 21, , 12

9, 31, , 32

4 a

3, 10, 12

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## Prep Quiz 6:07

1 4

2 3

3 6

4 5

5 7

6 12

7 12

8 2

9 2

10 16

Exercise 6:07
1 a

15

15

42

42

30

46

65

33

10

14

110

91

13

11

19

19

2 a 16
i 8
q 1000

b 9
j 45
r 1620

c 1
k 12
s 1800

d 100
l 75
t 3375

e 5
m 147

f 8
n 28

g 15
o 891

h 73
p 180

3 a 2 2

b 2 5

d 5 2

e 2 6

g 3 5

h 3 6

3 10

k 2 14

3 7

m 2 11

n 2 13

o 6 3

p 2 10

2 15

2 19

u 2 17

v 3 14

w 10 2

x 9 2

2 7

q 3 11

2 3
4 6

4 2

4 a 42

b 52

c 28

d 35

e 56

69

g 71

h 127

5 a 4 3

b 6 2

d 12 2

e 10 5

10 3

g 30 3

h 6 14

m 14 14

n 18 2

o 6 11

p 15 10

10 2

10 5

12 5

k 6 6

6 6

q 60 2

35 2

54 3

10 17

6 a

12

18

20

54

32

75

63

50

72

150

90

112

252

250

98

200

243

256

441

432

555

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 556 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

1 2 3

2 2 5

3 4 2

4 5 2

5 5

6 36

7 2

8 35

9 11

10 78

Exercise 6:08
1 a 5 2
i

8 6

b 11 3

k 9 10

14 5

2 a 6 5+3 7
g 8 11 + 3 7
3 a 3 2
i

q 8 5

7 6

b 4 7+2 5

2 + 12 3

b 4 3

7 2

k 5 5

2 3

4 a 4 2

e 3 5

m 3 2

n 3 3

6 3

d 2 3+5 2

4 3+8 5

5 2

5 2

b 3 5

g 18 2 + 3 3

d 3 3

e 5 3

n 22 2

5 6

d 6 7

6 3

h 6 3

o 0
10 + 4 7

2 3+2 5

2 75 5

d 4 5
2 3

g 5 7

g 3 2

o 23 2

p 16 7

e 3 3+5 2

8 5+4 2

h 21 2 5 3

Exercise 6:09
1 a

35

10

3 2

q 18
2 a
i

r 20

5
2

3 a 3 2
9
i ---------4 3
4 a

4 2

b 8 3

33

10

g 4

h 6

k 5 2

2 5

m 2 15

n 12 10

o 14 6

p 20

24 5

8 3

u 24 5

v 6x

w 4 x

x a2x

d 3

21

70

e 2

g 5

h 6

k 3 5

m 6 2

n 3 2

o 2 3

d 1

h 3

6 2

b 5 + 10

14 14

d 5 33

e 2 6 2

10 5 4 10

g 4+2 2

h 15 + 6 5

4 6 12

k 14 2 14

7 39

m 2 6+8

n 4 10 40

o 60 30 3

q 2x + 3 x

6y + 4 xy

6+2

3 30 + 18

p a+ a

## Prep Quiz 6:10

1

2 6

15

3 5

4 18

5 10 2

6 8 3

7 0

8 5 7 20

9 10 + 30

10 6 6 6

Exercise 6:10
1 a 5+4 2
e

35 10 14 + 2

5 665 2+2 3

b 4 32

5 2 + 10 + 30 + 6

g 5 3+5 2+ 6+2

d 2 + 6 + 10 + 15
h 4 2 5 2 3 + 15

4+ 2+2 6+ 3

17 7 7

k 13 + 3 15

m 7 14 27

n 9 15 5

o 26 14 45

p 21 21 40

q 114 + 21 70

u 32 3 1

v x+5 x+6

2 a 3+2 2

77 + 39 6

66 + 14 6

w 2m + 3 mn + n

10 + 5 6
42 27 7

x 6a + 5 ab 6b

b 28 10 3

9+4 5

d 5+2 6

e 7 2 10

13 + 2 30

g 13 + 4 3

h 34 24 2

45 + 20 5

k 55 + 30 2

52 6 35

m 83 + 20 6

n 167 28 15

o 550 100 30 p x + 2 xy + y

15 + 4 14

q 4m + 20 m + 25

9p 12 pq + 4q

3 a 1
i 13

c 39
k 5

b 22
j 18

e 1
m 38

d 14
l 42

f 2
n 6

g 2
o xy

h 4
p 4a 9b

1 5

556

2 10

3 6

4 10

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

5 12

6 1

7 1

8 23

9 10

10 23

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Exercise 6:11
2
1 a ------2

5
b ------5

2 3
---------3

10
d ---------2

3 2
---------2

2 3

g 2 5

2 11
h -------------11

7 5
o ---------10

5 3
p ---------3

6
------3

15
---------5

2
------2

5
------5

2
m ------4

2 3
n ---------15

2
q ------2

10
---------10

6
------3

35
---------3

2 3+3
u -------------------3

2 5
2 a 0894, ---------5

3 7
b 113, ---------7

6
c 0612, ------4

3 2+2 3
3 a ---------------------------6

2 55 2
b --------------------------10

5 6+6 5
---------------------------30

3 10 + 2 15
h ---------------------------------6

2 10 5 6
-----------------------------10

2 2 + 5 10
g ------------------------------10

Challenge 6:11
1 2
1 a ---------------- =
1

2 + 10
7 + 21
------------------------ w ------------------2
14

2 2
---------------10

35
d 0394, ---------15
10 3 5
d --------------------------5

13 2
-------------4

2 3 2
-----------------------6

## Rationalising binomial denominators

21

3+1
b ---------------2

7+ 5
--------------------2

10 2
d ----------------------8

25 + 5 2
----------------------23

10 5 + 10 2
g ---------------------------------3

h 3 7+3 3

2 35
------------------- 13

3 22 3
--------------------------2

4 3+3 2
---------------------------30

27 + 10 2
m -------------------------23

19 + 8 3
n ----------------------13

3 36
-------------------- = 3 3 + 6
1

10 + 4 2
----------------------17

o 4 15

72 6
p -------------------5
2 5+ 3 7
b ------------------------------------2

2 a 4

Diagnostic Test 6

b 52
b 16

c m3
c 1000

3 a 37

b x5

c 6m3n5

5 a a
7 a
9
11
12
13
14
15
16

a
a
a
a
a
a
a

1
--9

b x
b

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## Indices and surds

1 a 34
2 a 9
8

105 + 3
----------------------66

12

1
--5

c 8a
c

27
-----8

4 a x5

12

or

b 5a3

6 a 1

b 5
2
8 a x
b ----2x
10 a 12x
b 7m3
c 938 107
4

3 3--8

5
b 3
c 2
243 102
b 67 104
130
b 2431 c 46 300 000
43 102
b 597 105
c 4 103
0029 b 0000 093 8
c 0001 004
961 1016
b 464 107
c 14 1012
irrational
b rational
c irrational

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c 2a2b
c 3
9
c ----2x
c 2x

d 12 103
d rational

17 a 2236

b 3606

c 4583

d 6856

18 a 2 5

b 3 3

6 2

d 10 3

19 a

20

175

20 a 6 3

b 5 5

d 5 3

21 a

30

b 6

2 15

d 24

22 a

b 2

c 5

b 5 6

10 + 2 21

d 22

3 2
24 a ---------2

23 a 11 + 5 5

18

80

3+ 3
---------------6

2a2b

d 5 2
5 22
d -------------------10

6A Revision Assignment
1 a a5
k 38
2 a 1
3
4
5
6

a
a
a
a

b 12a5

c a3b2

d 12a3b3 e 35

x6

m a11

n m

c 125x9

d 1000a6 e 8x

b 6

216 104
810 000
1024
7
b 5

b
b
b
c

125 102
1267
531 441
8

o 2x

c
c
c
7 a

a3
a2
p ----2
f

70 105
0035
145 800 000
37 = 2187

g 7m

d
d
d
b

h 4y4

156 104
0000 106
351 232
103 = 1000

44

c 28 = 256

557

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 558 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

8 a m3
10 a 20x
11 a 10 5

b 72a17

c 2
9 a 8
2
2 3
b 2x or ----2c 6m n
x
b 5 7
c 0
d 6 14

b 4

c 27

d 100 000

h 9 + 2 14

5+

5
12 a ------2
2 5+2
13 a -------------------4
2 33
14 a -------------------3

10 + 2 3 +

6
b ------3
7 2
b -------------------5
21 9 5
b ----------------------2

30

mn

2 3+3 2
---------------------------6

c 9 4 5
c

e 20

k m + 2 mn +

6
n

g 3+ 3 5
l

mn

9 24 5
d --------------------------6 10
d 5 2 6

84 36 3 + 21 7 9 21
-----------------------------------------------------------------22

6B Working Mathematically
1 a hectare
b cross-section
e picture graph
f column graph
i bar graph
j scatter diagram
2 (1) parallel lines
(2) perpendicular lines
(5) angle ABC or CBA
(6) acute angle
(9) straight angle
(10) reflex angle
3 a 3, 6
b i 20
ii 35
iii 405
5 a 60 dB
b 120 dB
c 106 or 1 000 000
e i 4 times
ii 64 times
iii 32 times

Chapter 7:

c coordinates
g line graph

d tally
h sector (or pie) graph

(7) right angle
(11) revolution
4 \$31.63
d 105 or 100 000

## (4) concurrent lines

(8) obtuse angle

Measurement

Exercise 7:01
1
3
4
5
7
8
10
12
13

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

130 cm
b 110 cm
c 110 cm
56 cm
b 1088 cm
412 m
b 424 m
c 46 m
d 33318 m
118 cm b 283 cm c 175 cm
703 cm b 960 m
c 451 m d 2011 mm
x = 17, y = 10
b 72 cm
120 cm
b 94 cm
c 100 cm
b 48 cm
4 50  283 cm (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
760 cm b 681 cm

Challenge 7:01

2 a 28 cm

b 36 cm

c 36 cm

e
6
e
9
11

764 cm f 5824 mm
a 218 cm b 403 cm c 375 cm
467 m
f 778 cm
116 cm
a 2838 m b 61 m
c 1128 m
c 273 cm (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
d 96 cm
14 a 1161 cm b 1311 cm

Staggered starts

2 metres  63 m

Investigation 7:01

## Skirting board and perimeter

1 No. One wall is 7600 mm long, which is longer than the largest length of skirting board available (66 m).
2 Total length required = 27 400 (274 m)
3
Note: The following is only one possible solution. The numbers show how the
1
9 skirting boards are used. Joins are indicated by .
7
Board 1 is 3200 mm long (100 mm waste)
8
2
Boards 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 are 3300 mm long.
8
Board 7 is cut into 3 pieces (1000 mm, 400 mm, 1800 mm)
x
6
Board 8 is cut into 4 pieces (600 mm, 1600 mm, 700 mm, 300 mm)
Board 9 is cut into 2 pieces (900 mm, 400 mm)
8
x
3
If joins at corners are not counted the smallest number of joins possible is 4.
9
9

558

x
7

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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4
5

7
1

3
8

Boards 1 and 2 (66 m); Board 3 (42 m); Board 4 (33 m);
Boards 5 and 6 (18 m); Board 7 (600 mm); Board 8 (900 mm);
Board 9 (12 m); Boards 10 and 11 (600 mm);
Board 12 (300 mm)
He would have to order: 2 66 m, 1 42 m, 1 33 m, 1 18 m,
1 12 m, 1 900 mm, 3 600 mm, 1 300 mm.
This would only require 1 join and give 11 m of waste.

11
9

12

10

## Prep Quiz 7:02

1 2544

2 204

3 3266

4 LB

5 20

6 20

7 20

8 48

9 100

10 10

Exercise 7:02
1
2
3
4
5
6
8
10
11
12
14

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

1 m2
b 10 000 cm2
10 000
b 21
10
b 1 cm2
1 km2 = 1 000 000 m2
696 cm2
b 637 m2
319 cm2
b 1549 cm2
2
571 m
b 13716 m2
4156 cm2
b 1296 m2
2
31142 m
b 2704 m2
3377 cm2
b 8482 cm2
2
6937 m
b 222 m2

Investigation 7:02

c
c
c
b
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

Yes
d 1 m2 = 10 000 cm2
315
d 16 500 m2 or 165 ha
100 mm2
d 1 cm2 = 100 mm2
1 km2 = 100 ha
15876 cm2
d 36 cm2
e 8148 m2
1062 cm2
7 a 9814 m2
b 19142 m2
2
2
106 m
9 a 3108 m
b 504 m2
16887 m2 (correct to 2 dec. pl.)
319975 m2
10307 cm2
13 a 83 cm2
b 164 cm2
2
2
4377 m
15 a 86 cm
b 2449 cm2

f 352 cm2
c 78 m2
c 1588 m2
c 103 cm2
c 3142 cm2

Covering floors

## Laying tiles 1 726

2 117
Laying carpet 1 425 m, 2975 m2 waste, no joins

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## Prep Quiz 7:03

1 48 cm2
6

2 25 cm2

3 5 cm

4 12 cm
7 6 cm

5 7
8 8 cm

9 35 cm

10 9 cm

Exercise 7:03
1 a 150 cm2
b 95256 cm2
c 42336 m2
2 Area of top and bottom = 1404 m2
3 a 142 cm2
b 241 cm2
c 648 m2
Area of sides = 252 m2
4 a i 165876 cm2
ii 76027 cm2
iii 241903 cm2
Area of front and back = 8736 m2
b i 42487 cm2
ii 11084 cm2
iii 53571 cm2
Total surface area = 25296 m2
2
2
c i 8822 m
ii 21503 m
iii 30325 m2
d i 12667 cm2
ii 1608 cm2
iii 14275 cm2
2
2
e i 3868 m
ii 7349 m
iii 11217 m2
f i 3870 m2
ii 760 m2
iii 4630 m2
2
2
2
5 a 5655 cm b 1991 m c 1610 m d 5152 m2 e 13210 cm2
f 251 m2
g 63 m2
h 147 m2
6 a x = 5 cm; SA = 96 cm2
b x = 624 cm; SA = 4524 cm2
c x = 640; SA = 66943 cm2
d x = 4002 m; SA = 152677 m2
7 a 3392 cm2
b 2800 cm2
c 324 cm2
d 4704 cm2
e 3659 cm2
f 7968 cm2
2
2
2
8 a 730 cm
b 209 cm
c 147 cm
9 Surface area = (Perimeter of cross-sectional area height of prism) + (2 cross-sectional area) i.e. S = PH + 2A
10 a 12498 cm2 (correct to 1 dec. pl.) b 8189 cm2 (to nearest cm2)

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Exercise 7:04
1
2
4
6

a
a
a
a

18 cm2
28 cm2
356 cm2
392 m2

b
b
b
b

22 cm2
38 cm2
4980 cm2
147 m2

Investigation 7:04

c
c
c
c

26 cm2
d 24 cm2
36 cm2
3752 cm2
1547 m2

e 28 cm2
3 a 840 cm2
5 a 312 m2

## b 6600 cm2 c 1194 cm2

b 320 m2
c 211 m2

Truncated cubes

You would need to calculate the edge length of the equilateral triangle and use this to find the area of the equilateral
triangle. You would then need to calculate the area of the octagonal face. Counting the number of octagons and triangles
and using the areas already calculated would allow the surface area to be calculated. (Surface area = 4 3 + 42 unit2)

1 11
5 11

3 33 cm3
7 33

2 3
6 3

## 4 Multiply the answer to question 1 by the answer to question 2.

8 Yes
9 Yes
10 Yes

Exercise 7:05
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

4320 cm3
4934 cm3
2925 cm3
22937 cm3
131 m3
3435747 cm3
13 1351 cm3
62326 cm3

b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

Investigation 7:05

4160 cm3
1352 cm3
805266 cm3
60908 cm3
15 000 cm3
2079 m3
1795 cm3
46722 cm3

c
c
c
c
c
c
c

648 cm3
905 cm3
256932 cm3
10222 cm3
132 m3
5625 m3
15837 cm3

d 1155 cm3

e 960 cm3

## Perimeter, area and volume

1 a 18 by 12, 20 by 10, 22 by 8, 24 by 6
b
Rectangle 1
Rectangle 2
Rectangle 3
Rectangle 4

Length (L)

Area (A)

LB

18
20
22
24

12
10
8
6

216
200
176
144

6
10
14
18

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e 625 m2
d 225 cm2
3
b 5730 cm (to nearest whole number); yes

c It increases.
2 a 4500 cm3

Exercise 7:06
1
3
5
7
9
11
13
15
17

12 m3
2 361 m2 (correct to 1 dec. pl.); \$732.50
2
a 1399 m b \$1433.98
4 a 528 m2
b \$79.20
a 168 m2
b 672
c \$168
6 a 2448 m2
b 2552 m2
c 1100 bricks would be needed.
2
\$1494
8 a 5712 m
b 2808 m2
c Three 4 L cans would be needed.
a 376 m2; \$11 280
b 375 000 L
c 280
10 a 23 m2
b 0339 m3 c 432 kg
a 1131 cm3
b 6560 g
12 4800 g
a \$45 945
b 15375 m3
c 51 cm
14 769 m2 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
363 m2 (correct to nearest m2)
16 2045 m2 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
a 3465 L
b 77 cm (to the nearest cm)
c 235 mm (to the nearest mm)
(Note: (a) the area of 100 mm rainfall is the horizontal area 33 m 105 m)

Investigation 7:06

Wallpapering rooms

## 112 rolls. Hence you would need to buy 2 rolls.

1 a 18 rolls b 14 rolls c 12 rolls
4 a 22 m
b 43 drops c 688 rolls

Diagnostic Test 7
1
3
5
7
9
11
13

560

a
a
a
a
a
a
a

440 m
30 cm
1114 m
24544 cm2
11714 m2
400 cm2
972 m3

2 16 rolls

Measurement
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

239 cm
36 m
5712 cm
1452 cm2
36 cm2
704 cm2
19 m3

c
c
c
c
c
c
c

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

157 mm d 911 m 2 a 34 m
60 cm
4 a 6427 cm
30 m
6 a 60 cm2
134 m2
8 a 714 m2
2
666 m
10 a 6126 m2
35197 cm2
12 a 70518 m3
3
4m
14 a 400 cm3

b
b
b
b
b
b
b

278 m
1535 cm
7686 cm2
19635 cm2
475 m2
12 cm3
768 cm3

c
c
c
c
c
c
c

1502 m
495 m
2583 cm2
58 m2
158 m2
1008 m3
324 cm3

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 561 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

7A Revision Assignment
1
3
4
6
7
8

## 3843 m2; \$1537.20

2
a 1292 m2 b 44 m
c 97 m (4 14 + 16 + 25)
8  251 m2
5
(both answers correct to 2 dec. pl.)
a 447 m2
b
a 76 units
b 13929 unit2
c 58213 unit2
d
a 716345 unit3 b 2440 unit2

60 + 25 3  1033 cm2
a 5694 cm b 10436 cm2
050 m3
905385 unit3

7B Working Mathematically
1 a complementary angles
e corresponding angles
i reflex angle
2 Rachel is 13 years old
6 a 29/3
b 26/4
c

Chapter 8:

b supplementary angles
c vertically opposite angles
d angles at a point
f alternate angles
g co-interior angles
h straight angle
j revolution
3 4 times, 3 times
4 34
5 4
Hall and Bagnell
d Raine and Harris
e 815 Feb, 1529 March, 2128 June

Exercise 8:01
1 a
i
q
2 a
i

b
j
r
b
j

66
13
34
5
3

3 a 3 2--q
4 a
i
q
5 a
i

e
m
u
e

1042
3
01
24
8

19
6
5
3

f
n
v
f

88
07
36
7

g
o
w
g

e 11

5
5 -----

g 6 2---

h 6

o 4 --1-

p 5

g 6
o 1
w 2
g correct

h 1
p 2
x 5
h correct

c 89 4---

9
3 2--3

d 23 2---

4
4 1--2

1 --1-

m 1 --3-

12
7
2
2
correct
correct

r
b
j
r
b
j

65
7
12
2
incorrect
correct

s
c
k
s
c
k

15
1
6
9
correct
correct

t
d
l
t
d
l

3
10
4
2
correct
correct

e
m
u
e

6 a 2
i

d
l
t
d
l

83
2
5
15
4

b 7 3---

c
k
s
c
k

31
6
03
7
3

b 1 --1-

4 1--2
1 4--7

1
--4

e --1-

m 4

s 20

2
--3

u 4 1---

11
5 2--3

3
6

8
f 6
4
n 5
no solution
v 1
correct
f incorrect

5
--6

c 1 --1-

2
2 1--2
4--3

h
p
x
h

8
47
14
1

49
6
352
3

g 1 --1-

h 5

2 1--6

6
2 2--3

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3
--4

1 7x + 28

2 2a 6

3 20a + 45

4 12p 42

5 12 3x

6 5

8 9

7 6

10 7

1
--2

Exercise 8:02
1 a 4
k 2
2 a

b 1
l 3

3
--5

c 3
m 3

3 a 4

g 2
q 1

d 1

e 4

n 5 --1-

o 3

c 18

d 4

c 1
c 2

d 2
d 2

4 a 1
5 a 2

f 13
p 8

c 7 3--4

25

b 13

k 3

e 6
o 6

b 1 1--2

k 2

d 5
n 8

5
--7

h 5
r 4

1 1---

4 1---

1
--2

7
h 1 -----

p 1 --1-

q 3

r 12

e 4

g 2

h 2

e 1
e 1

f
f

2
2

g 2

h 2

4
5

10

2 2--7

b 1
b 3

## Prep Quiz 8:03

1 0

3 3

2 3

4 3 3---

5 3 1---

6 p

c 36

d 15

e 12

m 29

n 6

o 1

p 3

8 x+7

7 12

9 5m

10 12 p

Exercise 8:03
1 a 24

b 20
11 --2-

k 9

u 2

v 22

2 a correct

28

g 50

h 18

1 3---

q 2

r 6

s 2 --3-

1 --1-

incorrect

g correct

w 17 2---

b incorrect

5
4

c correct

d correct

e incorrect

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h correct

3 a 12

k 1

correct

15
-----9
9
--7

incorrect

c 10

k correct

8
--3

12
-----5

incorrect

h 1---

g 3

10

3
-----10

1
--9

1 2, 4, 6

2 5, 10, 15

3 6

4 60

5 3x

6 a

8 2x + 1

7 15x

9 4x 2

10 6x 3

Exercise 8:04
1 a 6
k 12

b 12
l 5

2 a 7 6---

b 14 3---

Challenge 8:04
1 a 2
k

7
----13

1
--6
16
-----31

b 2

4--7

3
--4

c 14 4--7

d 12
n 20

e 20
o 20

d 3 1---

f 30
p 8

7
--8

4
-----11

g 8
q 6

h 15
r 9

g 62

1
h -----

5 4---

h 3 1---

13

30

4 2---

1 --2-

1
1 -----

2 a 4
k

c 48
m 24

3
--8

3
-----11

c 3

4
-----21

d 8

e 3

g 1 --1-

1
--7

h 4 --1-

24

## Prep Quiz 8:05

1 7

2 x+3

3 x+y

4 12

5 3x

7 \$(50 x)

6 xy

Exercise 8:05
1 a x + 5 = 22; 17

c 8x = 32; 4
x
g 5x 8 = 22; 6 h 4(x + 5) = 56; 9 i --- 5 = 3 ; 16
2
2 a 2x + 3 = 33; 15 b 4x 3 = 25; 7 c 2(x + 3) = 22; 8
3
4
5
6

a
a
a
a
c
7 a
c
8 a

b x 3 = 10; 13

8 \$5x

x
d --- = 7 ; 56
8

10 x + 5 years

9 xy

e 2x + 6 = 14; 4 f

3x + 5 = 20; 5

x
x+4
d --- 7 = 1 ; 32 e ------------ = 8 ; 20
4
3
11
b 7
c 17
d 8
13 yrs, 39 yrs b \$480, \$80
c Anne \$25, Joan \$18
d Jim \$165, Alan \$335
e 40 yrs
13
b 19 cm by 13 cm
c 4 kg
d 24 km
\$2
b They meet at 2:48 pm when X has travelled 24 km and Y has travelled 16 km.
The son is 28 yrs old and his father is 56 yrs old.
d 3600 litres
Bill is 20 yrs old and Fred is 45 yrs old.
b 16 five-cent coins, 34 ten-cent coins
12
d small tank 900 L; large tank 1200 L
e 50 km
200 L/min, 400 L/min
b 25 km
c 120 km/h d \$4800
e 96 cm by 24 cm and 32 cm by 08 cm

Exercise 8:06
b x  3

1 a x0

2

c x  2
2

3 a x<9
7

9 10 11

7 6 5 4 3

4 a m>7
i

m4

5 a m > 8
i

562

x  5

4 3 2 1 0

20

b p7
j

x < 50

b x < 4
j

x < 6

m9

x  10

x0

k p<5
18

c m<2

d y  8 2--5

k x<6

c p  4

d x>2

k x < 5

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

x<1

5 4 3 2 1

c m < 2

h m<7

m > 18
16

e p  3

g y>5
3

3 12

e x>3

b y>2

d m > 5

d x > 2

e x < 3 3---

x > 2

e x < 2 --1-

x  3 --1-

m x > 2

n x < 6

11

10

12

g x < 15

h y > 12

g x < 4

h x > 3

x > 12
x  8

o x < 12

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6 a x>3
i
q

b m<4

y < 1 1--4
m > 2 1--2

b y > 2

y < 1

k x>2

x

e p  1 1---

m x<4

d x  2

e m6

1--2

1--6

b x<

x8

k y1

5 1--2

y  1 --1-

q x  18

c x  1 1---

x  1

8 a x>3
i

d p  1
1 1--2

x < 3 1---

g x4

h p2

n m>3

o x

3 1--2

p x  4 1---

m8

g p>

1
--2
1
--6

h x > 2

r p>3

7 a m < 2
i

x<3

c p3

r y < 1 3--5

m x

o x<

c m  10

d a2

e b  3

m<0

g x < 10

h p > 15

p > 5 --1-

m x1

n x>6

o a8

p b < 2 --1-

s a  2 2---

x > 8 1---

u x  5

n a

k p<9
3

p<

3 3--4

## c 100 4x < 25; x > 18 3---

101 3--5

94 + 2x
d ------------------ > 16 ; x > 49
12

## Prep Quiz 8:07

3 3a + 2b
8 300

2 3ab2
7 true

1 2ab
6 xx+yy

4 4xyy
9 8

5 xx+2xy+yy
10 12

Exercise 8:07
1 a
f
k
2 a
3 a
4 a
5 a

A = 864
b
A = 363
g
P = 124
l
i C = 100
ii C = 0
09
b 828
c
71 cm b 199 cm
1844 (to 1 dec. pl.)

A = 54
A = 80
c = 13
iii C = 40
36
d 7296

c
h
m
b
e

A = 27
C = 214
= 105
E = 1875
4
f 48

d
i
n
c
g

A = 1225
V = 26244
= 140
S = 447
189
h 1248

e
j
o
d
i

A = 44
V = 210084
E = 15
V = 2011 cm3
161

c M = 539, N = 485

d 40 117

1 x = 163
9 a=5

2 y = 222
10 t = 2

3 x = 49

4 x = 370

5 x = 96

6 y = 183

7 p = 28

8 m = 54

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

10
5
30
2
4
364
313
1128 cm

b
b
b
b
b
b
b
b

15
4
3 1--3
3
25
04
178
092

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c

24
48
04
0
31
135
145
11

d
d
d
d
d
d
d
d

4 m

5 5

e
e
e
e
e
e
e
e

132
15
56
12
68
132
772
15

40
f
36
f
5
f
06
f
16
100
3778
15
------ or 1875

6
375
3
2

g
g
g
g

h
h
h
h

638
30
12
6

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Exercise 8:08
26 2--3
27
1
--2
08

## Prep Quiz 8:09

1 25

2 a

3 27

6 a

Exercise 8:09

7 5

1 a x=pm

b x = m np

c x = pq n

b
d x = -a

b 2d
g x = --------------a
25
m x = -----a
a 2y
2 a x = --------------2
R 4r
g x = --------------2r

b+c
h x = ----------a
bc
n x = ----a
p 5t
b x = -------------5
p + 5qy
h x = -----------------5q
P 2B
b L = ---------------2

c 3b
x = -------------a
pL
o x = -----2
y + 21
c x = --------------3

r2 A
i x = -----------------r
C
c d = --
100I
i P = ----------RT
2K
o m = ------v2

3 a y=Ax
g D = ST

h V = RI

P ma
m n = ----------------a

x 2aq
n p = -----------------2a

8 m

9 a=1

10 x = 8 1--3

y
e x = --3
a
k x = -y

b+c
x = ----------a2

x = by

p + qr
d x = -------------q

6a b
e x = --------------6

tv w
x = --------------t

d u = v at

Vu
e a = -----------t
v2 u2
k s = ---------------2a
3V
q H = ------A

E
m = ---c2
Fp
a = -----------c
3V
h = ------- r2

x = ay

P
R = ---I2
mv P
p u = ---------------m
j

l
r

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s
y

S r2
h = ----------------r
Ta
d = -----------n1

t
z

E 1--2- mv 2
h = --------------------mg
S(r 1)
a = ------------------rn 1

2ab P
u k = -----------------2a

2A ha
w b = ------------------h

v a = 2A b

q1 q2
x r = ---------F

## Prep Quiz 8:10

1 15

2 6

3 13

4 3

6 2 or 8

5 25

7 7

8 3(x + 4)

9 x(x 2)

10 5a(a + 2b)

Exercise 8:10
a
b x = -b

n
1 a x = ---m
g x = L + y2
c2
2 a a = ---b
f

ML 2
a = --------------
N

2a
3 a N = -----3
f

L
x = ----------------------A+B+1

aA
k x = -----------Ab
5

A
a B = --L
M
b V = ---D
3V
c h = ------A

x2 + y2
e a = ----------------y
2
a
f c = ----b
g Y = aX2
gT 2
h l = --------4 2
6y 3b
i a = -----------------2
j

c a = c2 + b

L2 + 1
g a = --------------3

b P2
h a = -------------2

2L 2a
b N = ------------------3

A = 2x 3y

h
k k = --------------1 2h

2x + 6
N = --------------3

e x = ay

564

3m
x = -------n

d a = (c + b)2

PL 2
e a = ------------
M

6L 2M
d N = --------------------3

e N = 3x a

ab
x = -----------a1

nm
d x = ------------- or 1
mn

2
e x = ----------pq

15a
g x = --------8

2a
h x = -----------1a

5y
x = -----------y1

Ba + a
x = ---------------B1

X=A+Y

Vu
t = -----------a
P
I = --R
S
r = -----4
v2 u2
s = ---------------2a
2T 2an
d = ----------------------n(n 1)
X 2 + 4b
a = ------------------4

3V
r = ------h
2A xh
y = ------------------h
S
h = --------- r
2r
Y2
X = ----a2
bR 2
x = --------a
4x 2 t
u = ----------A2
12Z 4Y
X = ----------------------3
6L + 1
N = ---------------5
2y
a = -----------1y

b 1250 cm2
b 40
4 12 cm

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

3m
x = ------------m1

TR
TR

b = m2n a
v2 u2
s = ---------------2a
c = b 5A
a2
X = ----------ab
3z
x = ----------z1
2 a A = r2
5 a 614 m

home
home
home

Exercise 8:11
1 a 1764 m2
3 a 149

a 2 + b 2 + bL
h N = ----------------------------a

q
b x = ----------ap

S = DT

d b = 2M a

d x = kh

u2
b a = ----3

x = a+b

B
h x = --A

6x + 1 2M
3m u
N = ------------------------------ g N = ----------------3
4

ba
4 a x = ----------2

b 7 cm
b 234 m

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 565 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

6
8
10
12

19 cm
7 P = 2x + D; a 7639 m (correct to 2 decimal places)
a 708 m/s b 48 m/s2 c 65 s
9 a 25 kg
60 cm
11 a \$4609
a A = (R2 r2) b 968 cm2
c 36 cm
d 63 cm

13 a V = r2 h +

2
--3

18

r3 or V = r2(h +

2
--3

b 145 m3

r)

c 688 m

b 62 1022 m

## 14 a 56 10 (correct to 2 significant figures)

15 33 108 coulombs (correct to 2 significant figures)

Diagnostic Test 8

b 27 m/s
b \$4000
c 14%

## Equations, inequations and formulae

1 a p=7

b m = 12

c m = 10

2 a x = 4

b a=3

c b = 5

3 a x=2
5 a y = 12
5
7 a m = --2

b a=9
b m = 12

c x = 26
c p = 18

4 a x = 18
6 a m=5

b a=1
b m=9

c m = 14
c p=7

b x = 2

c n=1

8 a a = 12

b m = 24

c x = 60

a
b --- 4 = 4
3

9 a 2a + 7 = 10

b 3x + x + 3x + x = 48; 6, 18

12 a x 

b x<

1
--2

14 a 362

9 1--2

b 37268

x + 2b
16 a a = --------------3
x
17 a y = -a

## c 3x + 10 = 2(x + 10); 10, 30

c x>5

13 a x < 2

b x < 63

c a<

c 3354

15 a 8

b 15075

c 35

d n = 2

e x=

x=

V2

d x = 6 --23
19
d y = -----6

c 3(a + 6) = 32

10 a x + (x + 5) = 57; 26, 31
11 a

d m = 10
11
d a = -----8

u2

b a = ----------------2s
A2 B
b y = ---------T2

1
--3

Ah
a = ------- b
D
P
y = -----------1P

c
c

TR
TR

8A Revision Assignment
1 a
i
2 a
i
3 a
i

m=3
x=1
x = 1
m = 3
x=8

b y = 1

c m=3

b a=6
j x = 9
b m = 15

c m = 1 1---

d x = 6

e n = 11

c x=9

d a = 17

e y=8

n=

k a=

16
--------5

4 a m = 2,
d x

3
--2

g x < 4,

x = 13

70
--------3

b x < 4,

e y<

h x  9,

3
--2

q=

11
-----2

g x = 11

h x=

x=0

g a=

h n=

23
--------11

p=3

g m = 3

2
-----11

h m = 1--3

6
-----29

3
0
10

c n>

2
8

home
home
home

1
--5

8
-----5

2
--5

n

11
-----3

a

3
--2

2
1

2
3

11

8
17
5 a 3x + 7 = 15, x = --b 5(x 9) = 30, x = 15
c 8x + 10 = 12x 7, x = -----3
4
3
d x + 4 = 2[(x 12) + 4], ages are 20 and 8
e 12 + x = --- [ 2 + x ], x = 18
2
30
6 a 66
b 8
c 41
7 a 1--b --------c 2--3
3
73
100A
V
RT 2
Q
8 a P = ------------b P = --c P = --------d P = -----------------RT
R
3
QX + 1
3
2
1
2
-----9 a x = --b x = 1 --c x = 1 --d x = ----e x = 13
f
3
3
15
22
5

p=

5
--8

line

8B Working Mathematically
1 a reflection
b
h pie
i bar
2 a (1) 15x2
(6) 9x3
(11) 4x4

translation
c rotation
d tessellation
e picture
j scatter diagram
(2) 15x3
(3) 80x2
(4) 60x5
3
4
(7) 30x
(8) 48x
(9) 15x6
(12) 7x11

column
(5) 14x4
(10) 21x6

565

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 566 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

b (1) 6x + 3
(6) 30x + 10
(11) 22x 77
c (1) 25m4
(6) 81m6
(11) 16m2
d (1) 15x2 + 40x
(6) 9x2 + 63x
(11) 4x2 + 24x
3 a 10 minutes
5 a i 2
6 a

2 1--2

20

ii 2

minutes

30

(2) 4x 2
(7) 6x 48
(12) 8x + 12
(2) 4m6
(7) 4m12
(12) 49m4
(2) 3x2 3x
(7) 12x + 30x
(12) 14x2 21x
b 55 minutes
b i 2

20

b 46

(3) 30x + 10
(8) 60x + 24

(4) 6x 6
(9) 14x + 28

(5) 24x 64
(10) 25x 20

(3) 64m10
(8) 9m6

(4) 36m4
(9) m14

(5) m4
(10) 64m8

(8) 12x2 + 120x

(9) 10x2 20x

(5) 21x2 + 7x
(10) 3x2 21x

= 1 048 576

9
-----10

c 27

d 73

Exercise 9:01
1 a
f
j
2 a
e
h
i
j
3 a
b
c
4 a
5 a
d

## See page 292.

b See page 292.
c See page 292.
d commission
e See page 292.
See page 292.
g See page 292.
h commission and piece work
i See page 292.
wages and commission
\$647.50
b \$73.20
c \$19.25 per hour
d Luke, by \$36.75
Shireen by \$0.50 a hour
f \$782.80
g \$883 per week
i \$824.10 per week
ii \$505.96 per week
iii \$746.48 per week
iv \$1154.41 per week
i \$55 200
ii \$37 806
iii \$63 660
iv \$35 400
The second salary is greater by \$28.72 per week.
k The second income is higher by \$9.56 per week.
i no
ii no
iii no
iv (1) \$69 (2) \$170.89 (3) \$381.34 (4) \$21.16
i (1) \$196 (2) \$385 (3) \$480.55 (4) \$504.91
ii \$581
iii no
i \$300
ii \$370
iii \$642.40
iv \$412.95
\$259.83
b \$576.50
c \$89.50
\$518.40
b \$1125, \$782 profit
c \$395.50
i \$285.76
ii \$190
iii \$553.28
iv \$478.80
e \$377.95, \$9.69 per hour

Exercise 9:02
1 a \$408
d i \$672
g

b \$565.15
ii \$851.20

c i \$108.60
iii \$1002.40

No. 53
Name: Tom McSeveny

ii \$181
iii \$167.43 (to the nearest cent)
iv \$253.40
iv \$1136.80
e \$295.80
f \$39.20, 15 hours

## Whit. Pty Ltd

Rate: \$16.20 p.h.

Week
Ending

## Number of hours at:

Wage

normal rates

time-and-a-half

double time

21 Jan

35

\$567

28 Jan

35

\$639.90

4 Feb

35

\$615.60

11 Feb

34

55

\$716.85

18 Feb

35

75

05

\$765.45

2 a i \$700
ii \$287.70
iii \$346.50
iv \$485.10
b \$2006.90
e \$2532, \$58 932
f \$924.80
g \$578.95
h i \$500 ii \$460
3 a \$48 246
b \$49 210.92
c i \$52 223.02
ii \$57 658.44

Exercise 9:03
1 a \$200.60 b \$303
2 a i \$615.10
ii \$98.42

566

c \$184.95
iii \$30.76

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

d \$503.65 e \$332.95
iv \$399.92

\$431.20
d
i \$520, 135%

\$102 400

TR
TR

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home
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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 567 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

Serial no.
Turner, Vicki

Gross
salary

6841672

\$32 096

Super units
Entld Held
98

98

Week
ended

Net pay

no.

18/11/02

\$399.92

11364

## Pay this week

Tax.

Super.

Mlaneous

Total

Normal
pay

Overtime

Gross
earnings

\$98.42

\$30.76

\$86.00

\$215.18

\$615.10

\$615.10

3 a \$329.30, 146%
b \$949.25, 345%
c \$682.35, 280%
d \$466.95, 211%
4 a \$42 568
b \$2137.02
c \$404.75
d i \$44 004
ii \$39 600
iii Answers will differ, however the lump sum option is attractive since you have the money as well.
iv \$24 289.20
e 1333, 1234
5 a \$122.39
b 95288
c \$4.90

Exercise 9:04
1
2
3
5

a Nil
a \$33 942
\$3927.70
a \$2000
f \$1130

b
b
4 a
b
g

c
c
b
c
h

\$1119.79
\$33 287
\$57 006
\$1660
\$1030

d
d
c
d

\$5818
\$6366.10
\$54 910
\$1630
\$1030

\$19 032.62
e \$121 289.58
Balance payable \$295.41
\$13 442.20
d \$1155.85
\$1370
e \$1370

Exercise 9:05
1 a

Income

Jobs
Allowance
Other
Total

Fixed expenses

200
42
24

Food
Loan
School Needs
Savings

266

Total

Variable expenses

50
36
16
20

Clothes
Entertainment

48
48
48

122

Total

TR
TR

home
home
home

144

## Total expenses = \$266

b 75% (to one decimal place).
2 a

Income

Fixed expenses

Monthly income
after tax

1482

rent
elec./tel/water
medical

Total

Variable expenses

608
86
164

food
fares
clothing
ent./sport
other

858

Total

\$
182
72
44
84
50

432

## Total expenses = \$1290

b \$192, 1296% (to 2 decimal places)
c No, it is not possible unless he reduces his expenses by at least
\$12 per month. He could reduce food, clothing, entertainment/sport or other.
3 Each answer will be different.
4 Each answer will be different.

Exercise 9:06
1 a

a \$68.50

b \$131

f \$411 for 4

k \$109.60

v \$82.20

## b 14% discount, \$1.25

c i \$1.80 ii 15%
d The first direct buy price by \$9 per 60 L. The second sale
price if 1 hour of time and wear and tear on the car is valued at more than \$4.40
e Robyns for \$130.
2 a Nap peas
b Corn Flakes at 0.52c/g
c 6 L of Vanilla, \$10
d Yet tea
e Barbeque is most expensive
3 a i \$17.05
ii \$12.20
iii \$7.85
iv \$2.90
v \$11.95
vi \$15.70
b i \$21.55, \$78.45
ii \$30.80, \$69.20
c \$63.40, \$36.60

## Prep Quiz 9:07

1 \$2

2 35c

3 71c

4 \$1.44

5 \$6

6 84c

7 \$6.16

8 \$139.70

9 \$60

10 \$8.40

567

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 568 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

Exercise 9:07
1 a \$7
i \$12.46
2 a \$66
i \$9.46
3 a \$2
i \$4.25
4 a \$70
i \$12.60
5 \$0.58
7 a \$10.56

b
j
b
j
b
j
b
j

c \$4.62

\$12
\$74.22
\$165
\$30.14
\$10
\$31.80
\$120
\$37.50

d \$5.97

c \$242
k \$62.10
c \$15
k \$91.30
c \$180
k \$215.50
6 a \$0.82
b \$5.60 and \$9.30

d
l
d
l
d
l
b
c

e \$86.30

\$814
e \$82.50
f
\$21.59
\$26
e \$5.60
f
\$112.50
\$250
e \$14
f
\$1125.80
\$0.96
c \$1.44
\$20.90, \$61.60 and \$45.10

\$1274

g \$9.76

h \$14.24

\$123.20

g \$377.30

h \$1041.70

\$5.20

g \$1.20

h \$78.20

\$26

g \$97

h \$115

Exercise 9:08
1 a See page 317.
b See page 317.
c See page 317.
d See page 317.
2 a \$143.80, \$56.80
b \$1866, \$576
c \$1138.40, \$536.80
d i \$874, \$144
ii \$1019.20, \$289.20
iii \$1165.60, \$435.60
iv \$1309.60, \$579.60
v \$1456, \$726 vi \$2182, \$1452
e \$17 180, \$2566.70
3 a \$17.60
b \$79.05
c \$80 discount, 25%
d 30%
e \$650
f \$62
g 11%
h \$198
4 \$72
5 \$1338.75
6 a \$405
b \$459
c \$197.60
d \$717.72
e \$1701.77
7 a \$45.50, 43%
b \$22 458, \$127.3% (The amount borrowed was \$10 050 \$300.)
c 9%
d \$14.76
8 a \$359.04
b \$359.04
c Yes
d No
e 252%
f 28%
9 a 1812%
b 312544%
c 22195%
d 17978 156 25%

Exercise 9:09
1

2
3
4
5
6
7
9
11
16

Selling price

Cost price

2 146

\$ 1 645

468

\$ 27 940

\$13 650

\$121 610

\$85 420

58.75

\$
\$

647
95.50

\$

501

179

Expenses

\$ 3 816.50

\$ 1 308.50

## Profit (or loss)

\$ 2 508
\$

846.60

\$ 9 339

916

\$ 8 423

\$14 290

\$27 648

\$25 154

\$ 2 494

\$36 190

\$23 370

\$ 7 684

\$15 686

36.75

491.80

354.80

a 30.5% profit
b 27.7% loss
c 385% loss
d 104.7% profit
e 42.4% profit
f 657% profit
g 721% loss
h 902% profit
i 90% profit
j 671% profit
i 99% profit
j 2041% profit
a \$22
b 786%
c 44%
a \$38.40
b \$21
c \$12.47
\$29 574
8 The discount price is \$40.32 in each case.
C : S.P. = 100:140 cost = \$220, profit = \$88
10 a \$300, \$330
b \$4, \$4.40
c \$60.50, \$66.55
\$180, loss = \$36
12 \$15 600, loss = \$4680
13 \$104
14 \$102.03
15 \$457.60
\$726
17 a \$1485
b \$1080
c 1375%

Diagnostic Test 9

Consumer arithmetic

1 a i \$310
ii \$580
4 a \$39 430
b \$36 626
e Refund of \$5883.31
6 a \$7.37
b \$59.29
7 a \$5003.20, \$2003.20
9 a \$526.50 b \$850

b
c
f
c
b

\$124.95
2 a \$567
b \$301
3 a \$355.95
b 18.4%
\$549.39 d \$7367.80 (\$7917 if you have included the Medicare levy)
\$68.50
5 a 50 kg size
b 660 mL for \$3.75
\$2.95
d \$19.50
\$980.80, \$288.80
8 a \$402.50
b \$588, 14%
c \$32 000
10 a 130%
b \$3640.90, 725%

9A Revision Assignment
1
2
3
4

a
a
a
a

i \$672
ii \$798
b \$635
c \$1090
d \$2124.40
i 21 kg for \$59.60
ii 21 kg pack for \$59.60
b \$140.64 c 14182
\$52 010
b \$12 224.20
c \$507.80 (without considering Medicare)
\$32.89
b \$29.60
c No
d approx. 91%
5 a 40%
b approx. 34%

9B Working Mathematically
1 a
f
2 a
f

568

four cubed
that is
square
pentagon

b
g
b
g

pi
rectangle
hexagon

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

c
h
c
h

per cent
the sum of
parallelogram
octagon

d
i
d
i

therefore
the mean
rhombus
kite

e
j
e
j

for example
probability of event E
trapezium
circle

TR
TR

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 569 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

3 15
5 a 10 km
6 a \$1800

4 \$31.63
b 20 km
b \$1400

Chapter 10:

c 11:30 am d Bill
c \$37.50

e 11:30 am f

g 30 km

50 km

h 90 km

Coordinate geometry

## Prep Quiz 10:01

1 C

2 5

3 13

5 4

20 = 2 5

6 3

7 4

8 3

9 5 units

10 5 units

Exercise 10:01
1 a 10
2
BC
AC
AB

b 5
a
4
5
41

20 = 2 5
3 a
4 a 5
g
20
5 a

c
c
2
6
40

b
3
3
18

58
b
b 10
h
5

e 13

29
f
6
3
45

53
c
c 5
i
89
b (1, 2)

20 = 2 5 units

29
d
d 10
j
17

13 units; DC =

BD =

32 units; AC = 2 units

AB =

40 units = 2 10 units; BC =

41
e
e 13
k
26

f
f
l

40 = 2 10
13
2

d (7, 2)

106 units

50 units = 5 2 units; AC =

6 a AB = 5 units; BC =
b AB =

d
e
6
4
52

34
d
7
6
85

41 units

5 units; BC =

5 units

d EF = FG = GH = HE =

e 5

10 units

40 units = 2 10 units. Since two sides are equal the triangle is isosceles.

g 13 units

## Prep Quiz 10:02

1 7

2 1

3 7

4 1

5 7

6 1

7 3

8 3

9 1

10 1

TR
TR

Exercise 10:02
1 a (3, 3)
2 a (2 --1- , 2 --1- )
g

( 1--2

, 5)

b (1, 1)

c (0, 1)

d (1, 3)

e (1 1--- , 0)

b (3 --1- , 7)

c (4, 3)

d (0, 2 --1- )

e (4, 6)

(4 --1- , 5 --1- )

d (2, 1)

e (2, 2)

(1, 2)

e (2, 2)

(5 --1- , 5 --1- )

2
( 1--2

3 a (4, 7)

2 1--2

(1 1--2

b (3, 7)

c (6, 4)

g (4, 8)

h (3, 1)

4 a ( --1- , 3)

b (7 --1- , 1)

c (5, 0)

g (87, 70)

h (70, 26)

5 a i (2 1--- , 2)

ii (2 1--- , 2)

(4, 5 1--- )
2

d ( --1- , --1- )
2

(262, 76)

iii Yes

b (3, 8)
6 a k=0

7 1--2

## iv The diagonals bisect each other.

c i (4, 3)
ii (4, 3)
iii Yes
b d = 15, e = 6 c (16, 0)

d (7, 2)

## 8 a AC and BD are the diagonals.

Midpoint of BD is (4, 2)
Midpoint of AC is (4, 2)
Diagonals have the same midpoint.
Diagonals bisect each other.
ABCD is a parallelogram.

## b Length of both diagonals = 80 units.

Midpoint of both diagonals = ( 1--- , 1)
2
Diagonals bisect each other.
Figure has equal diagonals that bisect each other.
The figure is a rectangle.

home
home
home

## Prep Quiz 10:03

1 EF

2 A and B

3 C and D

4 E and F

5 B and C

6 D and E

7 F and G

8 up

9 down

10 not at all

Exercise 10:03
1 a positive

b positive

c negative

2 a 5

b 5

b 4---

4 a 1--2

1
--5
1
--2

d negative

e positive
3 a

1
--2

b 2

1
--2

569

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 570 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

5 a

Line

AB

CD

EF

GH

1---

1---

6 a and b

## b AB and CD; EF and GH

c AB and CD; EF and GH

7 a

c Yes

i
2

1
--3
1
--6
5
--6

b 4

1
--5

m 1

n 2 --1-

q 0

r 0

1
--2
1
--4
8
--3

o 4

d
h
l

2
--5
1
--2

p 2

1
2

2x

1
2

8 a 5

c i 1---

b 2

ii 1---

iii 1---

iv 1--2

d If three points lie on the same straight line, then the intervals joining one of the points to the other two must have
13 5
21 13
the same gradients. Using (2, 5) and (2, 13), m = --------------- = 2 ; Using (2, 13) and (6, 21), m = ------------------ = 2
2 2
62
As the intervals joining (2, 13) to the other two points have the same gradient, the points are collinear.
1
--4

9 a i

1
--4

ii 2 1--- , 2 1--2

## iii ABCD is a parallelogram since it has opposite sides parallel.

b AB and DC have a gradient of --2- and, hence, are parallel. AD and BC have a gradient of 1 and, hence, are parallel.
7
Since there are two pairs of parallel sides, ABCD is a parallelogram.
10 AB and CD have a slope of 1--- and hence are parallel. AD and BC have a slope of 4 and hence are parallel. Since there
4
are two pairs of parallel sides, ABCD is a parallelogram. Also AB = AD = 153 units. Hence ABCD is a
parallelogram with a pair of adjacent sides equal. ABCD is a rhombus.

Investigation 10:03

1 a C

b B

3 a 1 1--- m

c A

1
--2

2 a 8m

b 56 m

4 No, he would need a run of 112 m. He could curve the rampway across the slope.

Exercise 10:04
1a y=x+1

b y = 2x

5
3

1
1

3 1 1
1

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

2x

3x +

y=

3 1
1

y
7

y
7

y=

y
7

570

c y = 3x + 1

5x

3 1 1
1
3

5x

c 128 m

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 571 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

d y = 6 2x

e y=x+3

y
7

y
7

y=
2x

1
3 1
1

1
3 1
1

5x

2 a

5x

y
7

y
7
5

5
x

y
7

1
y
4x

4x

4 2

y
4

3x

y=

1
3 1
1

3x

3x

4x

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4x

y=

4 2

4x

4 2

4x

the origin.

4 2

1
2x

x
=
y

=
y

y=

2x

3x
y=

y=

2x

2x

y
6

y=

y
6

2x
+

y
6

y=

y=

y
5

2x

y
4

4 2

y=

1
3 1
1

3
y
4

5x

3
y

y
0

y
5

3 1
1 1

3
y
4

4 2

3 1
1

5x

2x

1
3 1
1

4x

## The lines are concurrent

at (1, 1).

6 a, b, d
7 a yes
b yes
c (7, 2)
d (5, 0)
8 a A: x = 4, B: x = 1, C: x = 3, D: y = 3, E: y = 1, F: y = 4
b A: x = 3, B: x = 2, C: x = 4, D: y = 4, E: y = 2, F: y = 2

571

y
5
4
3
2
1
5 4 3 2 10
1
2
3
4
5

5 4 3 2 10
1
2
3
4
5

y
5
4
3
2
y=0 1
5 4 3 2 10
1
2
3
4
5

x=5

1 2 3 4 5 x
y = 1

y=2
1 2 3 4 5 x

y = 5

x = 4

y=0
1 2 3 4 5x

y
4

6x

0 1 23

4x

x-intercept is 2
y-intercept is 6
e

x-intercept is 1
y-intercept is 2

x-intercept is 2
y-intercept is 4
f

3
2
2

4x

2x

1
3

x-intercept is 2
y-intercept is 4
13 a

4
3
2
1

4x

572

y
2

1
1

2x

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

0
2
3

2x

4x

y
4
3
2
1

2
2

y
2
1

21
1 2 3 4x
2

x-intercept is 1--2
y-intercept is 2

x-intercept is 1
y-intercept is 3
b

1 2 3 4 5 x

## The lines in a and c enclose square regions.

2 1 1 2 3 4 x
2

5 4 3 2 10
1
y = 2
2
3
4
5

1 2 3 4 5
x
y = 2

10 A: y = x, B: y = x 2, C: y = 2x, D: x + y = 3, E: 2x + y = 2, F: 2x + y = 0
11 a C
b D
c A
d B
12 a

y
5
4
y=4
3
2
1

x=3

x=0

x=5

y=3

x=2

5 4 3 2 10
1
2
3
4
5

y
5
4
3
2
1

x=1
x=2

y
5
y=4
4
3
2
1

x=0

9 a

x=2

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 572 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

4x

y
4
3
2
1
2

0
2
3

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 573 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## Prep Quiz 10:05

1 0

2 b

Investigation 10:05
1

Line

4 1

3 2

5 2

1
--2

8 (0, 1)

7 (0, 2)

9 Yes

10 Yes

## What does y = mx + b tell us?

Equation

y-intercept

Line

Equation

Coefficient
of x

Constant

y=x+2

y=x+2

y=x2

y=x2

y=

y=

y =

1
--2
1
--2

y=

1
--2
1
--2

y = 2x + 2

y = 2x + 2

y = 2x 3

y = 2x 3

1
--2
1
--2

x+1
x1

1
--2
1
--2

x+1
x1

1
1

3 The gradient of the line is the same as the coefficient of x. The y-intercept of the line is the same as the constant.
4 y = 2x + 3
5 It tells us that m is the gradient and b is the y-intercept.

Exercise 10:05
1 The gradient is stated first.
a 2; 3
b 5; 1
c 3; 2
k 1; 2 l

3; 1

2 a y = 4x + 9
f

y=

2
--3

1
--2

d 1; 6
n

;4

b y = 2x + 3

x4

3
--4

g y = 3x + 1

; 2

e 4; 0
o

1
--3

1; 0

p 3; 4

;5

c y = 7x 1

g 1; 2

h 5; 1

q 4; 2

r --1- ; 3

h y = 2x 3

y = 5x + 1--2
1
1
--- ; 4; y = --3
3

x
; 3; y = --- + 3
c 1--- ; 2; y = 1--- x + 2
d
2
2
4
x
3x
f 1; 2; y = x 2 g 1--- ; 2 1--- ; y = --- 2 1--h 3--- ; 0; y = -----6
2
2
2
6
2
4 a E
b B
c D
d G
e F
f A
5 (In each part the gradient is stated first.)
a 2; 5
b 3; 3
c 2; 4
3 a 2; 1; y = 2x + 1

d y = 5x 2

1
--4

g 3; 2
h 2; 4
i 2; 7
j 1; 4 k 1--- ; 1 1--2
2
6 a yes
b no
c yes
d yes
7 a 2x y + 6 = 0; y = 2x 3
b x + y = 3 and y = x + 8
y
y
y
8 a
b
c

3; 5

x+4

d 2; 1

6; 4

e y=
j

m 3; 2

1
--2

2; 3

x+5

y = x + 1 1--2

e 3; 1; y = 3x 1

f 6; 12

e 5; 8
n 3--- ; 3
2

2
--5

1
--5

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2
1
x

2
1
x

1
0

x
0

573

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 574 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

y
3

9 a

b
m=1

2 1

m=0

y
3

10 a 2
b 2

c 1--2

2x

2 1

e 4

2x

1
m = 1

4
--3

1--3

m=2

## Prep Quiz 10:06

1 3

2 5

3 11

4 0

5 4

6 5

7 1

8 2

9 3

10 0

Exercise 10:06
1 a 1
2 a y = 2x + 1
g y = 5x + 5

b 2
b y = 5x

c 5
c y = 3x 4

h y=

1
--2

x+3

3 a y = 2x 4

b y = x + 3

g y = 4x

h y = 2x 8

y=

1
--4

d 5
d y = 4x + 10

x+2

c y = 3x + 6
i

f
f

11
y = 2x + 7

e y = 3x

y = 4x + 2

y = 1--- x 3
2

d y = 3x + 1

y = 2x 2

e 2
e y = x + 6

y=

1
--2

x+

3 1--2

Exercise 10:07
c 2
d 5
e 1--4
b y=x+4
c y = 2x + 7
h y=x
i y = 5x + 3
b y = 3x + 15
c y = 4x + 4

1 a 4
b 1
2 a y = 4x 8
g y = 3x
3 a y = 2x + 2

4 a m of AB = 1, m of BC = 3, m of AC = 3--c 3, 7,

1--5

1
g 3
h 1
i 5
j 3
d y = 5x + 9
e y = 1--- x + 1 1--f y = x + 7
4
2
j y = 3x
d y = 2x + 4, 10 = 2(3) + 4
e y=x+1
b y = x + 3, y = 3x + 7, y = 3--- x

d y=1

e m = 0, b = 1

1
--5

## 5 a y = 2x + 4, 2 = 2(3) + 4 b Equation of AB is y = 2x 2. Substitute C (3, 8): 8 = 2(3) 2. C lies on AB

c Equation of line joining (2, 11) and (3, 4) is y = 3x 5. Substitute (4, 7): 7 = 3(4) 5. the points are collinear.
6 a 3x + 7y + 5 = 0
b 6x 5y 8 = 0
c 470x + 270y + 91 = 0
d 42x + 138y + 29 = 0

## Prep Quiz 10:08

1

1
--2

2 yes

1
--2

4 no

5 m1 = 1--3

6 m2 = 3

7 m1m2 = 1

8 m3 = 2

9 m4 =

1
--2

10 m3m4 = 1

Exercise 10:08
1 a yes
b no
c yes
2 a yes
b yes
c yes
3 a 2x y + 6 = 0 and y = 2x 3

d yes
e yes
f
d yes
e no
f
b x + y = 3 and y = x + 8

4 a x + 2y = 4, y = 05x + 5

b y = 1 --1- x + 2, y =

5
6
7
8
9
10

c
a
a
a
a
a
a

m of AB is 1; m of BC is 1 AB BC (since m1m2 = 1)
y = 5x + 3
b y = 3x 1
c y=x+3
y = 3x + 5
b y=x+3
c y = 2x
y = 5x 7
b y = 3x + 3
c y = 3x + 5
x + 2y 8 = 0
b x 3y 1 = 0
c x + 3y 15 = 0
2x 3y 18 = 0 b 3x 4y + 11 = 0 c 2x 3y 1 = 0
A (148, 12); B (2, 12); C (0, 25); D (2, 17); E (1, 0)

2
--3

g yes
h yes
g yes
h yes
c AB and CD

yes
yes

x
d
d
d
d
d

y = x + 10
y = 1--- x + 15
2
y = 3
y = 3
-----a = 29

e y = 3
e x=3

1 x=3
10

2 x>3

3 x<3

4 3 2 1 0

574

4 x=0

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

5 x<0

6 x0

7 x = 1

8 x > 1

9 x < 1

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 575 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

Exercise 10:09
1 a x < 1
2 a
y

c y  2x + 6

b y3
b

d x+y3
c
y

e y < 2x
d

x=1

5 x

2
1

2x

y=

4 x

y y

y=2

2x + 3y 6 = 0
y=0
3

3 a

4 a

y
3

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3
3
x

x
x

3
e

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y
6

6
3

5 a

y
3

y
6

y
6

3
1

3
3

3
3

x
3

6 a y > 1 x > 1

b x+y>3x2

c y  x y  x

575

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 576 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

7 a

y
2

1
x

2
8 a

y
4
3
2
1

y
6

1 2 3 4 x

9 a y  2 x  2 y  x
c y  --1- x + 1 y 
2

Diagnostic Test 10
1 a

1
--2

b y  x + 2 y  x 2 y  x + 2 y  x 2

x + 1 y  2x 4 y  2x 4

Coordinate geometry
34

2 a 10

3 a (4, 6)

b (4, 1 1--- )

c (1, 2 1--- )

4 a 1

b 2

5 a 4
7 a

b 1---

6 a yes
c

b no

c yes

45 = 3 5

61

2
--3

y
2

2 1 0
1

2 1 0
1

2 x

13

17
1
--2

y
3

TR
TR

2
2 3 x

1
1 0

3
8 a x-int. = 1 --1-

b x-int. = 6

y-int. = 3
9 a

y-int. = 2
b
y

y
3

y-int. = 2
c

1 0
1

2 3 x

1 0
1

2
1
1

3 2 1 0
1

2 3 x

10 a y = 3x + 2

b y=

11 a 3x y + 2 = 0

b x 2y 6 = 0

c x+y3=0

12 a grad. = 2; y-int. = 3

b grad. = 2; y-int. = 3

c grad. = 1; y-int. = 4

13 a y = 4x + 6

b y = 2--- x + 1

c y = 5--- x

14 a y = 2x + 2

b y = 3x + 6

c y=

15 a y = 2x 1

b y = 3x 1

c y=

16 a y = 4x + 2

b y = 3x + 10

c y = --3- x +

d y=

1
--2

x+

17 a x  1

576

c x-int. = 4

4 1--2

1
--2

x3

(or x 2y + 9 = 0)
b y  2x

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

c y=3x

1
--2
4
--3

x+1

1
--2

x
2

5
--2

(or 3x + 2y 5 = 0)

c 2x y + 2  0

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 577 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

18 a

y
4

y
4

3 2 1 0
1

2 3

4 x

3 2 1 0
1

2
3

3 4 x

2
3

## 10A Revision Assignment

1 a

65

7
--4

c (4, 1 1--- )
2

2 a 13

3 a 7x 4y 22 = 0

4 a (0, 3); y = x 3

b y = 1--- x + 6; 12

169 1--2

c 4x + 7y 59 = 0

12
-----5

= 24

c (4 1--- , 11)
2

c y = 2x + 6
6 9x + 6y 8 = 0

5 XY = YZ = 20
XYZ is isosceles
slope of YZ = 2
slope of YX = 1--2
slope of YZ slope of YX = 1
YZ is perp. to YX
XYZ = 90
XYZ is right-angled and isosceles.

7 2x 7y + 22 = 0
8 x0yx+2yx

1 a 1
3 a 53%
5 126 984

## b 31, 35, 39, 43, 47, 51, 55, 59 minutes

b 12 cm
c 68%, 46%, 31%, 21%

2 4
4 a 6
6 a
1

b 3
b

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Chapter 11:

## Prep Quiz 11:01

1 2x + 10
2 4x2 x
3 6a2 + 21a
4 2m2 + 6mn
7 {1, 30, 2, 15, 3, 10, 5, 6}
8 4
9 6
10 10

5 {1, 12, 2, 6, 3, 4}

## 6 {1, 20, 2, 10, 4, 5}

Exercise 11:01
1 a
g
2 a
g
m
s
3 a
g
m
s
4 a
g
m
5 a
f

4(x + 2)
n(m p)
2(x + 5)
9(x 5)
m(p + n)
m(4 n)
3a(x + 2y)
2m(5m 2n)
xa(x y)
ap(p a)
2(a + 3)
7(y 5)
p(4 + p)
a(b + c + d)
2(x + 2y 3z)

b
h
b
h
n
t
b
h
n
t
b
h
n

6(a + 3)
c
a(b c)
i
2(3a + 2)
c
4(4 3a)
i
a(x + y)
o
t(x 1)
5m(n 2p)
c
4x(3x + y)
i
5x(a 2y)
o
ab(5 ab)
5(x + 3)
c
2(3a 2)
i
x(3 + 2x)
o
b x(3 + y + z)
g 5(2a b + 3c)

4(2a 3)
2a(x + 2y)
7(y + 3)
3(3x + y)
x(x + y)

d
j
d
j
p

5(x + 2y)
y(y 5)
4(7 + x)
5(a + 2b)
p(p q)

2b(2a 3c)
bc(a + d)
ap(a 5)

d 3q(3p 2r)
j pq(a b)
p xy(y + z)

e
k
e
k
q

7(3x 2y)
at(5 3a)
3(9 y)
5(3m 4n)
a(p + 3)

e 5x(x 2y)
k xy(z + 1)
q 5b(2a 3c)

f
l
f
l
r

3(4pq 5x)
mn(7 n)
6(4x + 1)
2(2b 3a)
x(5 + a)

f 3a(b + 2a)
l mn(1 p)
r xy(5x 3y)

4(2m + 3)
d 5(2x + 1)
e 4(2x 1)
f 3(n 3)
x(x + 3)
j m(m + 1)
k x(3x 2)
l 5y(y 2)
m(1 7m)
p 2a(2 9a)
c m(m 3 + n)
d a(7 b + a)
e p(p + q 5)
h 3(3x2 + 2x 4)
i 2(4 2x + 3x2)
j 5(5 + 3y 4y2)

577

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 578 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

k
p
6 a
f
k
7 a
f
k
p
u

x(xy 3y + 1)
mn(1 + 4m 8n)
(a + 2)(a + 3)
(t 7)(t 9)
(p 3)(p 3)
3(3x + 2)
6y(2 y)
x(x + 3)
(a + x)(2 + b)
(a + 3)(a 1)

2a(b 2c + 5)

m 3x(x + 2y 3)

n xy(x + 1 + y)

o ab(ab + 3a + 2b)

b
g
l
b
g
l
q

(m + 2)(m + 4)
(m 3)(4 + 3m)
(5x + 3)(1 x)
5(2 + 3a)
b(a x)
5a(3 b)
(3 + b)(x + 2)

c (x 1)(x + 5)
h (7x + 1)(2x 5)

d (b + 1)(b 5)
i (a + 3)(x 1)

e (y 2)(7 y)
j (2y 1)(y 1)

c
h
m
r

2(2m 3n)
s(t 1)
x(3 + x a)
(x 1)(y 3)

d
i
n
s

x(x + 7)
2b(2a + 5c)
a(x + y + z)
5a(b 3c + 2d)

e
j
o
t

a(2a 3)
2(2m 3n)
2(2m 4n + 3p)
x(x 7 + y)

## Prep Quiz 11:02

1 3(a + 6)
2 x(5 + a)
3 p(q x)
9 (a + 1)(9 + x)
10 (x + y)(x 1)

4 3x(a 3b)

5 x(x 2)

6 a2(a + 1)

7 3(3 a)

8 5(m + 2)

Exercise 11:02
1 a
f
2 a
f
k
p
3 a
f

(a + b)(2 + x)
(q 2)(q 2)
(a + b)(p + q)
(3p 4)(4p + q)
(y 1)(x + 1)
(x + z)(x + y)
(y + z)(x w)
(ax 1)(x 1)

b
g
b
g
l
q
b

(x + 7)(a + p)
(x + y)(1 + a)
(3 + x)(a + b)
(b + 3)(a + c)
(2 + y)(4a 1)
(a + 4)(11 + c)
(a + c)(b d)

c
h
c
h
m
r
c

(x y)(m + x)
(x 2)(1 3y)
(m + 3p)(n + 5)
(x + 1)(y + 4)
(m + 1)(n + 1)
(a 1)(a2 + 1)
(a + 3)(5 b)

d (m + n)(x y)

e (2 x)(a2 + 7)

d (a + c)(a + b)
i (a2 + 1)(a + 1)
n (x + m)(x + y)

e (3x + y)(3x 4)
j (p + r)(q + 5)
o (x + w)(x y)

d (x 4)(6 y)

e (y + 2)(11 x)

## Prep Quiz 11:03

1 4

2 7

3 11

4 x

5 3x

7 x2 4

6 8x

8 x2 25

9 49 a2

10 9m2 4n2

Exercise 11:03
1 a
e
i
m
q
2 a
e
i
m

(x 2)(x + 2)
(y 10)(y + 10)
(7 y)(7 + y)
(3a 2)(3a + 2)
(5p a)(5p + a)
2(x 4)(x + 4)
6(2a b)(2a + b)
4(x 4)(x + 4)
2(2a 3m)(2a + 3m)

Challenge 11:03

b
f
j
n
r
b
f
j
n

(a + 4)(a 4)
(x 11)(x + 11)
(a b)(a + b)
(4x 1)(4x + 1)
(m 9n)(m + 9n)
3(x 6)(x + 6)
3(x 3y)(x + 3y)
3(x 1)(x + 1)
5(5 2a)(5 + 2a)

c
g
k
o
s
c
g
k
o

(m + 5)(m 5)
(3 x)(3 + x)
(x a)(x + a)
(5p 3)(5p + 3)
(10a 3b)(10a + 3b)
4(a 5)(a + 5)
8(y 4)(y + 4)
2(6p 1)(6p + 1)
2(10x 3y)(10x + 3y)

Volume of part 2

bbb

Volume of part 3

Volume of part 4

(a b) a b

a a (a b)

(a b) b b

a = b + (ab b ) + (a b ab ) + (a a b)
a3 b3 = (a b)b2 + (a b)ab + (a b)a2
= (a b)(a2 + ab + b2)
1 (m n)(m2 + mn + n2)
2 (x y)(x2 + xy + y2)
2
4 (m 3)(m + 3m + 9)
5 (x 10)(x2 + 10x + 100)
7 (4 n)(16 + 4n + n2)
8 (3 k)(9 + 3k + k2)
10 (4x 5y)(16x2 + 20xy + 25y2)
11 (5x 2y)(25x2 + 10xy + 4y2)
3

(p 9)(p + 9)
(1 n)(1 + n)
(y + a)(y a)
(7 2a)(7 + 2a)
(9x + 11y)(9x 11y)
5(y 2)(y + 2)
5(4p q)(4p + q)
2(1 3x)(1 + 3x)
2(7m 2n)(7m + 2n)

## The difference of two cubes (Extension)

Volume of part 1
3

d
h
l
p
t
d
h
l
p

3
6
9
12

(a 2)(a2 + 2a + 4)
(y 5)(y2 + 5y + 25)
(2m 3)(4m2 + 6m + 9)
(3m 7n)(9m2 + 21mn + 49n2)

## Prep Quiz 11:04

1 x2 + 5x + 6
7 4, 5

2 a2 + 2a 3
8 5, 3

3 m2 9m + 14
9 4, 1

4 x2 + 10x + 25 5 a2 4a + 4
10 9, 2

6 3, 2

Exercise 11:04
1 a
f
k
p
u

578

(x + 3)(x + 1)
(x + 5)(x + 5)
(x + 6)(x + 9)
(x 5)(x 4)
(x 2)(x + 1)

b
g
l
q
v

(x + 2)(x + 1)
(x + 6)(x + 6)
(x + 9)(x + 4)
(x + 3)(x 1)
(x 12)(x + 2)

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

c
h
m
r
w

(x + 5)(x + 1)
(x + 7)(x + 3)
(x 2)(x 2)
(x + 4)(x 3)
(x 10)(x + 3)

d
i
n
s
x

(x + 6)(x + 1)
(x + 6)(x + 3)
(x 6)(x 6)
(x + 6)(x 2)
(x 8)(x + 7)

e
j
o
t

(x + 5)(x + 4)
(x + 10)(x + 4)
(x 4)(x 3)
(x + 10)(x 3)

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2 a
f
k
p
u
3 a
f
k

(a + 4)(a + 2)
(n + 14)(n + 3)
(p 8)(p + 3)
(a + 21)(a 3)
(a 18)(a 4)
2(x + 2)(x + 1)
3(x + 3)(x + 4)
3(a 9)(a + 4)

b
g
l
q
v
b
g
l

(m + 6)(m + 3)
(s + 18)(x + 3)
(y + 3)(y 2)
(y + 11)(y 5)
(p + 6)(p + 16)
3(x 3)(x + 1)
4(a 5)(a + 2)
5(x + 10)(x 7)

c
h
m
r
w
c
h

(y + 6)(y + 7)
(a + 4)(a + 14)
(x + 8)(x 1)
(x 1)(x 1)
(q 15)(q + 3)
5(x 4)(x + 2)
2(n + 3)(n + 1)

d
i
n
s
x
d
i

(p + 3)(p + 4)
(x 4)(x + 1)
(q + 8)(q 3)
(k 3)(k 2)
(m 11)(m + 7)
2(x + 4)(x + 4)
5(x 4)(x 2)

e
j
o
t

(x + 2)(x + 10)
(a 4)(a + 2)
(m + 15)(m 3)
(x 9)(x 4)

e 3(x 11)(x + 1)
j 3(x 3)(x 4)

Exercise 11:05
1 a iii
b iv
c ii
d iv
2 a (2x + 1)(x + 3)
b (3x + 2)(x + 2)
c (2x + 3)(x + 2)
d (2x + 1)(x + 5)
e (3x + 2)(x + 1)
f (2x + 5)(x + 3)
g (x + 3)(4x + 1)
h (5x + 2)(x + 3)
i (2x + 3)(x + 5)
j (2x 1)(x 2)
k (3x 2)(x 3)
l (5x 2)(x 3)
m (x 2)(4x 3)
n (5x 3)(2x 3) o (5x 7)(x 3)
p (2x + 5)(x 2)
q (3x 5)(x + 3)
r (x + 3)(4x 1)
s (2x + 3)(x 2)
t (2x + 1)(x 3)
u (3x 10)(x + 3) v (2x + 3)(3x 7) w (2x + 3)(x 4)
x (x + 2)(4x 9)
3 a (3x + 1)(4x + 1) b (3a + 1)(2a + 1) c (3p + 2)(2p + 1) d (5y 2)(2y 1) e (3x 1)(4x 1)
f (3a 2)(3a 5) g (2m + 5)(4m 1) h (2n 3)(3n + 1) i (7q 2)(3q 2) j (4x 1)(5x + 1)
k (2m 3)(4m + 5) l (6y 5)(3y + 2) m (2a + 3)(3a 2) n (3k + 4)(5k + 2) o (2x + 3)(4x + 3)
p (4 + a)(1 a)
q (2 + 5m)(1 2m) r (3x + 2)(3 x)
s (2 3x)(x + 3)
t (5 7x)(4x + 3)
u (2 5n)(1 + 7n) v (3x + 4y)(x + 2y) w (2x y)(x 2y)
x (5m 7n)(m + n)
4 a 2(3x 1)(x + 2) b 2(3a + 2)(a 1) c 3(2a 3)(a + 3) d 4(2x 3)(x + 3) e 2(3x + 2)(x + 4)
f 3(2p 1)(2p + 3) g 5(3q + 7)(2q 1) h 2(5m 3)(m 4) i 5(5a 1)(2a + 1) j 2(2 5x)(1 + x)
k 3(3 t)(t + 4)
l 3(3 + 2x)(1 + 2x)
5 a (x + 3)(x + 5) = x2 + 8x + 15; (x 3)(x + 5) = x2 + 2x 15; (x + 3)(x 5) = x2 2x 15;
(x 3)(x 5) = x2 8x + 15; (x + 1)(x + 15) = x2 + 16x + 15; (x 1)(x + 15) = x2 + 14x 15;
(x + 1)(x 15) = x2 14x 15; (x 1)(x 15) = x2 16x + 15
b (x 1)(x + 12) = x2 + 11x 12; (x 12)(x + 1) = x2 11x 12; (x 3)(x + 4) = x2 + x 12;
(x 4)(x + 3) = x2 x 12; (x 6)(x + 2) = x2 4x 12; (x 2)(x + 6) = x2 + 4x 12
c (x 1)(x 4) = x2 5x + 4; (x + 1)(x + 4) = x2 + 5x + 4; (x 2)(x 3) = x2 5x + 6; (x + 2)(x + 3) = x2 + 5x + 6
d (5x + 1)(x + 2) = 5x2 + 11x + 2; (5x + 1)(x 2) = 5x2 9x 2; (5x 1)(x + 2) = 5x2 + 9x 2;
(5x 1)(x 2) = 5x2 11x + 2

Challenge 11:05

## Another factorising method for harder trinomials

1 (2x + 3)(x + 2)

2 (4x + 1)(x 5)

3 (3x 4)(x 3)

4 (2x + 1)(3x + 2)

5 (5x 1)(x + 2)

6 (4x 3)(3x 4)

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Exercise 11:06
1 a
e
i
m
q
u
2 a
e
i
m
q
u

(x 5)(x 1)
(a 3)(a 3)
5ab(a 2b2)
a(a + 3 b)
5y(a 2 + 3x)
(2m + 3p)(n + 2)
2(1 2x)(1 + 2x)
(x 1)(x + 1)(x2 + 1)
3(a 8)(a 5)
a(x + y)(x + 3)
(x y)(x + y + 5)
a(a 4)

b
f
j
n
r
v
b
f
j
n
r
v

(x 3)(x + 3)
(2x 1)(2x + 1)
(p q)(p + q)
(4 5a)(4 + 5a)
(5x 7)(3x + 4)
(10a 7x)(10a + 7x)
5(x y)(x 2)
(p 4)(p 1)(p + 1)
9(1 p)(1 + p)
(x + y)(x + y + 3)
3(x 2)(x 2)
(1 + p)(1 + p2)

c
g
k
o
s
w
c
g
k
o
s
w

(x + 2)(y + 9)
(4x 7)(3x + 5)
(p + 10)(q 3)
(1 + 4a)(1 6a)
(xy 1)(xy + 1)
(2 + x)(1 3x)
2(a 8)(a 3)
4(x 3)(x + 3)
3(k + 3)(k 2)
5x(y 2z)(y + 2z)
7(3x 2y)(3x + 2y)
4(2t + 3)(t 5)

d
h
l
p
t
x
d
h
l
p
t
x

a(a 9)
(a 5)(a 8)
(7x 3)(x + 2)
(m + n)(4 a)
(x 8)(x + 7)
(k + 8)(k 6)
3(m 3)(m 3)
a(a 1)(a + 1)
3(2a 3)(4a 1)
a(3x 2)(2x + 3)
(a2 + 4)(a 2)(a + 2)
2(2 + x)(2 3x)

## Prep Quiz 11:07

a
3y
1 --- 2 ------ 3 4
2
2x
10 (2x 1)(x + 5)

3
4 --2

5 3x(2x + 3)

6 (x + 3)(x + 4)

7 (x 7)(x + 7)

8 3(x + 1)2

9 (x + y)(3 + a)

Exercise 11:07
1 a x+2

2
b -----------x+3

x+1
-----------x1

x+2

q x3

x2
-----------x+1

4
----------x3
1
-----------a1
x+1
-----------x+3

d 2
l
t

2y 3
--------------2
m+8
------------m4

1
--3
a4
m -----------3a
t+4
u ----------t3
e

5
--8

n x+1
v

ax
-----------a+3

1
g --2
x+6
o -----------3
x1
w --------------2x 1

7
h --3
p a4
x

2 ( 3a 2 )
-----------------------2a 1

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2 a 4x
1
-----------x+1
x+4
p -----------2

3 a 6
n3
-----------n+2

q 1

2
b --7

c 5

y
-----------y7

q 3(x 1)

p 2

10
-----21
a+3
-----------a1
a
--------------2a 1

y3
b -----------4
x+7
j -----------x5

15
d -----2
l

s 2
9
d --2

a+1
-----------a3

r 1

s 2

3 ( 1 + 2a )
1
--f -----------------------3
5 ( 1 2a )
x+3
m+1
m -----------n ------------x+7
m+5
(a + b c)(a c)
t -----------------------------------------a+c
3
e -------------------- f 16
5(x + 1)
x+2
p+4
m -----------n -----------x3
p4
(p + q + r)(p q)
t -----------------------------------------p+q
e

2x + 5
y ( 2y + 3 )
g ------------------------ h --------------3(y + 4)
9
(a + 2)(a 4)
o ---------------------------------(a + 4)(a 1)

m
5k
g ---h -----------2
k1
(n 7)(n 3)
o ----------------------------------(n + 1)(n + 7)

## Prep Quiz 11:08

1
1 1 -----

10

2 1 1---

3
-----10

19
-----60

12
5 -----x

5
6 -----2a

13
7 -----6a

3
8 -----4x

5a
9 -----2x

7m
10 -------6n

Exercise 11:08
2x
2a + 8
8
5x + 19
1 a ---------------------------------b ---------------------------------c ---------------------------------d ---------------------------------e
(x + 1)(x 1)
(a + 5)(a + 3)
(y 7)(y + 1)
(x + 3)(x + 5)
3t 18
7x 4
3x + 31
59x 1
f ----------------------------------g ------------------------------------h ----------------------------------------- i ----------------------------------------- j
( t + 10 ) ( t + 2 )
( 2x 1 ) ( x 1 )
( 3x + 2 ) ( 2x + 5 )
( 5x 1 ) ( 3x + 1 )
17x 25
1 4a
2x 2 + 4x
3a
k --------------------------l --------------------------m ---------------------------------n ----------------------------------------- o
3x ( 2x + 5 )
21 ( 2a + 1 )
(x + 3)(x + 1)
( 2a + 1 ) ( 4a 1 )
x+3
1+x
x1
2 a ---------------------------------b -------------------c -------------------d
(x + 1)(x + 2)
x(x + 2)
x(x + 3)
4x + 15
5x + 2
2
e ---------------------------------f ---------------------------------g ---------------------------------h
(x + 2)(x + 3)
(x + 1)(x + 4)
(x + 1)(x + 3)
8x 2
2x 72
7x + 5
i --------------------------------------------------j --------------------------------------------------k ------------------------------------------------------(x + 7)(x 1)(x + 1)
(x + 9)(x + 3)(x 1)
( 2x + 1 ) ( x + 5 ) ( x + 2 )
13x 12
2x 2 + 2
2x + 7
l -------------------------------------------m --------------------------------------------------n ------------------------------------x ( 2x 1 ) ( 3x + 2 )
(x + 3)(x + 1)(x 1)
x(x + 3)(x + 2)
2
7
(1 + x)
1
3 a -------------------- = --b -------------------c -----------------------d
3(x + 3)
2 ( 2x + 3 )
x(x + 1)
x
x+5
1
2x
e ------------------------------------f ------------------------------------g -----------------------------------h
2(x 3)(x + 3)
x(x + 1)(x 1)
( x + 1 )2 ( x 1 )
6x + 22
6x + 14
x1
i ---------------------------------------------------j ---------------------------------------------------k --------------------------------------------------(x + 2)(x + 4)(x + 3)
(x + 3)(x + 4)(x + 1)
(x 2)(x + 1)(x 3)
x1
2x + 2
2
l --------------------------------------------------m --------------------------------------------------- = --------------------------------(x 3)(x + 2)(x + 1)
(x 4)(x + 1)(x 2)
(x 4)(x 2)
x + 10
6x + 34
2x 3
n ----------------------------------------------------------o --------------------------------------------------p ------------------------------------------------------( 2x 1 ) ( x + 4 ) ( 3x + 2 )
(x 7)(x + 7)(x + 3)
( 2x 1 ) ( x + 1 ) ( x 1 )
2x 2 x 5
3x 8
7x 2 x 10
q --------------------------------------------------r ------------------------------------s ---------------------------------------2(x + 2)(x + 3)(x 3)
x(x 4)(x + 4)
5(x 2)(x + 2)
7x 2 + 9x 5
t ---------------------------------------------------------( 2x + 1 ) ( x 3 ) ( 2x 1 )

Diagnostic Test 11
1
2
3
4
5

a
a
a
a
a

3x + 1
8 a ---------------------------------(x + 3)(x 1)

580

TR
TR

3x + 8
---------------------------------(x + 1)(x 1)
2x + 7
------------------------------------( x + 3 ) ( x + 4 )2

## Factorising algebraic expressions

3(x 4)
(a + b)(x + 2)
(x 5)(x + 5)
(x + 3)(x + 4)
(2x + 1)(x + 5)

6 a x+2

2m 13
------------------------------------(m + 1)(m 2)
13x + 21
----------------------2x ( x + 7 )
2x 2 + 6x + 5
---------------------------------(x + 2)(x + 1)
x+1
---------------------------------(x 5)(x + 2)
6x 10
--------------------------------------------------(x 3)(x + 3)(x + 1)

6
--7

a(x + y)
(6 + a)(m + n)
(a x)(a + x)
(x 2)(x 3)
(3x 2)(x 3)
x
x+5
c -d -----------a
x+2
1
b ------------------------------------x(x + 2)(x + 1)
b
b
b
b
b

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

c
c
c
c
c

2(x + 3)
(x + 1)(y 1)
(2 m)(2 + m)
(x 5)(x + 2)
(4x 9)(x + 2)
7 a 6x

a1
b -----------a3

3x + 19
------------------------------------2(x 3)(x + 3)

d
d
d
d
d

x(a + b c)
(a + c)(b + 4)
(3x 1)(3x + 1)
(x + 5)(x 4)
(3x + 1)(2x + 1)
c

9
--5

x+2
d -----------x3

7x 8
d --------------------------------------------------(x + 3)(x + 4)(x 1)

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 581 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## 11A Revision Assignment

(a + 4)(a + 5)
xy(x 1)
(2x 1)(x + 1)
2(y 3)(y + 3)
3(11 + a)(1 + a)
x + 12
3 a --------------x+3
2x 3
g ---------------------------------(x + 2)(x + 1)

2(p 2q)
(3a + 1)(2a 5)
(x2 + 2)(x 3)
3(r + 7)(r 4)
(x y)(x + y + 1)
5 ( 2x + 1 )
b -----------------------x+3
6x 1
h ----------------------2
( 3x 1 )

1 a
f
k
2 a
f

b
g
l
b
g

(m 9)(m + 5)
(x + 6)(x 5)
5ab(1 + 2ab)
2(x + 1)(2x2 + 3)
x(x 4)
5x + 13
c ---------------------------------(x + 2)(x + 3)
2x + 3
i ----------------------------------------( 3 + 2x ) ( 2x + 3 )

c
h
m
c
h

d
i
n
d

(5x2 + 1)(x + 2)
(3a + 5)(a 3)
(x y)(x + y + 2)
2(1 3x)(1 + 3x)

x2
d --------------------------------(x 1)(x 2)
x+2
j -------------------5(x 7)

e
j
o
e

(2x 1)(2x + 1)
(x + p)(y + z)
(2 + 3x)(1 3x)
a(a 8)(a + 9)

x1
----------5

1
----------x2

## 11B Working Mathematically

1 a collinear points
b vertices
c hypotenuse
d +
e 360
f 3 180 = 540
g AB is a diameter, OC is a radius
h circumference
i semicircle
j AB is a tangent. CD is an arc. EF is a chord.
2 a concurrent lines
c complementary angles
d supplementary angles
e vertically opposite angles
f transversal
g bisecting an interval
h bisecting an angle
i CAB = 60
j CD is perpendicular to AB
3 84 : 60 : 36 or 7 : 5 : 3
4 17
5 a 10%
b This would include those who were car passengers (12 1--- %) as well as those who went by bus (11 1--- %)
2
9
11
-%
and those who went by train (10%). Answer = 33 ----c 23
d 625%
18

6 a Man

b Woman

Chapter 12:

c Heart diseases

Statistics

## Prep Quiz 12:01

1 20

2 1

3 2

4 25

5 1

6 7

7 4

8 9

9 13

10 23

Exercise 12:01
1 a 6
2 a 4
b 2
3 a
Outcome
f
c.f.
(x)
0
1
2
3
4
5

3
8
11
17
9
2
Total: 50

3
11
22
39
48
50

c 0

d 4
e 4
d 21
e 32
b
Outcome
f
(x)
9
10
11
12
13
14

1
13
22
30
21
13

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70

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c.f.
1
14
36
66
87
100

Total: 100

4 a 1
b 2
c 7
d 12
e 5
f 20
5 a 4
b 16
c 17
d 1
e 1
f 13
g 16
h 3
Monica probably won because she made only one unforced error in the final game compared to Steffis three errors.
Overall, the number of unforced errors was about the same for the two women, but whoever wins the last game wins
the set.
6 a 12, 0

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c.f.

15

22

30

38

42

45

47

48

10

49

11

49

12

50

10
9
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1

## Frequency (of property)

d
Cumulative frequency

Total: 50

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Outcome (number of trees)

60
54
48
42
36
30
24
18
12
6
0

7 a

c 6; 3 times

Prog. Total
4

iii Sharon

Sharon

Bron

Prog.
Total

Score

Prog.
Total

Score

Prog.
Total

Score

Prog.
Total

Round 6

28

27

28

24

21
f

Score

Frequency

8 a 5th hole
Players
score

7th hole
Frequency Cumulative
frequency

Players
score

Frequency Cumulative
frequency

54

54

20

20

314

368

211

231

85

453

198

429

456

23

452

456

b i 368
ii 88
c i 429
ii 27
d 5th hole 19%; 7th hole 6%. It indicates that the 5th hole is the more difficult of the two holes.

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## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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Score

14
16

0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Outcome (number of trees)

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 583 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## Scores on the 5th hole

500

400
Cumulative frequency

400
Cumulative frequency

## Scores on the 7th hole

500

300

200

300

200

100

100

4
5
Players score

4
5
6
Players score

For an easy hole, there would be more golfers with lower scores and fewer with higher scores. The polygon would
rise quickly and have a longer horizontal section shaped like . For a difficult hole, there would be fewer lower
scores and a large number of higher scores. The polygon would remain almost horizontal early and rise quickly for
the larger scores. The polygon would be shaped more like .
9

Score

68

69

70

71

72

73

74

75

76

77

78

79

Frequency

13

16

Cum. Freqcy

16

29

45

53

61

69

72

72

73

a 7
10 a 72

b 16
b 148

c 57

Exercise 12:02
1

Range
a

b
c

Mode

Mean

Median

56

36 (1 dec. pl.)

6, 8

68 (1 dec. pl.)

17

19

12

12

29

29

51, 53

51

21

22

## 914 (1 dec. pl.)

915

51 (1 dec. pl.)

51

88, 93

04

51

99, 102

1005

2 a 218
b 1943 c i 3268 ii 3266
3 a 181
b 394
4 In this case, the mode is also the lowest price paid.
The mean is greatly affected by the \$3 865 000 price.
The median is the middle score, and so is the best
measure of central tendency in this case.
5 The mode is most useful to the dress manufacturer as
this indicates the size most often purchased.
6 He should use the mean because this takes into account
every mark and he is concerned with overall performance.
7 Mode: 79, 82 Mean: 811 Median: 79
The median is the best measure of Alans performance.
8 a i Mean = 74; 4 ii Mean = 76; 1
b Not necessarily.
9 822
10 232 ppg (correct to 1 dec. pl.)

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1005

Exercise 12:03
1 a 675
b 122
c 28795
2 a 7
b 133 (1 dec. pl.)
3 a range 4, mode 7, median 7
c range 6, mode 24, median 24

d
c
b
d

4885
249 (1 dec. pl.)
d 55 (1 dec. pl.)
range 5, mode 13, median 13
range 1, mode 56, median 56

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 584 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## 4 No. of goals Frequency

(x)
(f )

5 Outcome Frequency
(x)
(f )

fx

fx

12

24

12

40

10

42

35

Totals

24

55

Totals

36

168

range = 6
mode = 1, 2
mean = 23 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)

Tally
|

a 7
b 5
c 5
d 47 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)

Frequency
(f )

fx

10

||||

40

11

||||

55

12

|||| |

72

13

|||| ||

91

14

|||| ||

98

15

|||| |

90

16

|||| |

96

17

|||| |||

136

18

|||| ||

126

19

|||| |||

152

20

||||

100

Totals

70

1064

6
Frequency

7 Outcome
(x)

6 a 73, 75
b 729 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
c i 33% (to nearest whole %)
ii 55% (to nearest whole %)

4
2

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Score

## range = 12; mode = 17 and 19; mean = 152

8 a 185
b 43
c 23
d 25 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
9 a 3
b 13
c 5
10 a question 1: median = 9, mean = 88 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
question 2: median = 10, mean = 91 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
b question 1 i 14%
ii 24%
iii 38%
question 2 i 28%
ii 41%
iii 41%
(All percentages to the nearest whole percent)
11 a 34%
ii 77%
b 14
c total = \$28 135, mean fee = \$36.50 (to nearest ten cents)

Investigation 12:03

## 1 =SUM(E2:E8); =SUM(H2:H8); =SUM(K2:K8); =SUM(N2:N8)

2 =SUM(B10,E10,H10,K10,N10)
3 Sunday \$3930; Wednesday \$1420

584

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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Exercise 12:04
1 a 8
2

b 18

c 35

d 65

Tally

Frequency (f )

f c.c.

Class

c.c.

15

|||

c.f.
3

610

|||| ||

56

10

1115

13

|||| ||||

10

130

20

1620

18

|||| |||

144

28

2125

23

||

46

30

f = 30 (f c.c.) = 385
Modal class = 1115; mean = 128 (correct to 1 decimal place); median class = 1115
c.c.

Tally

Frequency (f )

f c.c.

c.f.
2

141145 143

||

286

146150 148

||||

592

151155 153

||||

765

11

156160 158

|||| ||

1106

18

161165 163

|||| |||

1304

26

166170 168

|||| |

1008

32

171175 173

|||| |

1038

38

176180 178

||

356

40

f = 40

(f c.c.) = 6455
f

Cumulative frequency

Frequency

6
4
2
143 148 153 158 163 168 173 178
Class centre

4 a

## b highest score = 179,

lowest score = 143,
range = 36
c modal class = 161165
d x = 1614
(correct to 1 decimal place)

40
30
20
10

Class centre

Frequency (f )

f c.c.

c.f.

133

18

468

25

18

594

43

## |||| |||| ||||

15

600

58

|||| |||

376

66

||||

216

70

No. of cans
sold (x)

c.c.

Tally

1622

19

|||| ||

2329

26

3036

33

3743

40

4450

47

5157

54

f = 70

c.c.

12 17 22 27 32

c 1519

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b 10
c 341
d median class = 3036
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

(f c.c.) = 2387

## 5 a 614, 1523, 2432, 3341, 4250

b f = 46; (f c.c.) = 1378, x = 300 (correct to 1 decimal place)
6 a 1519

g A class interval of 10
would have resulted in
only 4 classes and the
patterns of cluster and
would have been
harder to distinguish.

## Median class = 161165

Cumulative frequency

Class

Ogive

19 26 33 40 47 54
Number of cans

## c The median class is 2432

d 18

Cumulative frequency

3 a

50
40
30
20
10
0

10 19 28 37 46
Results

585

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 586 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

7 a

Class

c.c.

Tally
|||| ||||

Frequency (f )

f c.c.

c.f.

110

55

495

1120

155

15

2325

24

2130

255

19

4845

43

3140

355

17

6035

60

4150

455

20

910

80

5160

555

17

9435

97

6170

655

21

13755

118

7180

755

16

1208

134

8190

855

## |||| |||| |||| |||

18

1539

152

764

160

91100 955

|||| |||

f = 160

b i 99 3 = 96 ii 6170
iii 507 (1 decimal place)

(f c.c.) = 8110

c The median involves two classes: 4150 and 5160 ( median = 505)

d i 1625%
ii 15%
iii 50%

160

Cumulative frequency

140
120
100
80
60
40

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20

5.5 15.5 25.5 35.5 45.5 55.5 65.5 75.5 85.5 95.5
Class centre

Class

c.c.

Frequency

120

105

24

2140

305

36

4160

505

37

6180

705

37

81100 905

26

## The range is the only measure not affected by the

changing of the classes. The increased size of the
class intervals means an increased loss in data detail
and the measures tend to become less representative
of the data as
a whole.
What grouping is best would depend on what the
data is trying to measure.

160
The median class is 4160
140

120
Cumulative frequency

100

80

60

40
20

105

586

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

305

505 705
Class centre

905

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 587 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

8 Several different class intervals could be used. As the range of the scores is 124, class intervals should be chosen so as
to give between 5 and 10 classes. Here a class interval of 20 has been chosen, resulting in 7 classes.
Tally

Freqcy f

131150

1405

||||

562

151170

1605

18

2889

171190

1805

26

4693

191210

2005

25

50125

211230

2205

## |||| |||| |||| |

16

3528

231250

2405

|||| |

1443

251270

2605

2605

f = 96

18388
Mean = --------------96
= 1915 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)

f c.c. = 18 388

## The median involves two classes,

171190 and 191210.
median = 1905

100
98
90
Cumulative frequency

f c.c.

Bowling scores

## Rob has 51 out of 96 games

(or 53%) in the classes that
lie either side of the median.

70

50
48
30

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10
1605

Investigation 12:04

1805

2005 2205
Class centre

2405

2605

## The aging population

1 a 670 000
b 620 000
c 390 000
2 a 680 000
3 a i 910 000
ii 1 660 000
b 82%
5 The number increased due to migration over the 20-year period.

1 a

c 630 000

Statistics

Outcome (x)

Tally

c.f.

||||

||||

|||| |||

17

|||| |||

25

|||

28

||

30

Total: 30
f Range is 5
g Modes are 2 and 3 (bimodal),
median is 2,
mean is 223 (to 2 decimal places)
2 a 2823 b 436 (to 2 decimal places)
3 a 7
b 13
c 2
4 a 5
b 7
c 14

b 2
d
9
Frequency ( )

Diagnostic Test 12

b 720 000
4 87%

8
7
6
5
4
3
2
1
0

c 25
e

0 1 2 3 4 5 6
Outcome (x)

## Cumulative frequency (c.f.)

1405

33
30
27
24
21
18
15
12
9
6
3
0

0 1 2 3 4 5
Outcome (x)

587

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 588 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

5 a

f c.c.

c.f.

1015

c.c.
145

|||| ||

2029

245

|||| ||||

10

245

17

3039

345

|||| |||| ||

12

414

29

4049

445

|||

1335

32

5059

545

545

33

Totals: 33

9485

Tally

Class
1019

## Modal class 3039

Mean 2874 (to 2 decimal places)
Median class 2029

Class

c.c.

f c.c.

c.f.

15

11

33

11

150154 152

Class

c.c.

f c.c.

c.f.

456

610

18

144

29

155159 157

942

1115

13

22

286

51

160164 162

16

2592

25

1620

18

10

180

61

165169 167

1503

34

23

161

68

170174 172

1032

40

Totals: 68

804

Totals: 40

6525

2125

## Modal class 1115

Mean 1182 (correct to 2 decimal places)
Median class 1115

## Modal class 160164

Mean 16313 (correct to 2 decimal places)
Median class 160164

1 a

Number of
faulty products

Tally
||||

|||| |||

13

|||| ||||

10

23

|||| ||||

32

|||| |

38

39

40

ii 1568

12

8
6
4

4 a 2
5 a 84
c

8 13 18 23 28
Class centres

d 1115

Class

c.c.

3039

345

4049

445

5059

545

6069

645

7079

745

8089

845

9099

945

b 15
b 52

c 2

40
30
20
10
0

588

## b mode = 3; mean = 325; median = 3

2 a 4
b 43
c 8
d 40
e 72
f 24

Frequency

Frequency

10

c No

Cum.
frequency

3 a i 1115
b

Frequency

1 2 3 4 5 6
Number of chldren

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Class

Class
centre
(c.c.)

Frequency
(f )

Cum.
frequency

f c.c.

99

1019

145

29

80

2029

245

11

2205

3039

345

10

21

345

4049

445

29

356

5059

545

16

45

872

6069

645

20

65

1290

7079

745

13

78

8089

845

14

92

9099

945

99

9685

Cumulative frequency

6 a

1183

60
49.5
40

20

6615

## i Modal class 6069

ii Mean 599 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)

## 14.5 24.5 34.5 44.5 54.5 64.5 74.5 84.5 94.5

Maths marks
Median class 6069

## 12B Working Mathematically

1 The window has 4 green squares. The clear glass has an octagon, 4 hexagons and 4 pentagons. Around the perimeter
of the window are squares and rectangles.
2 a parallel lines
b perpendicular lines
c vertical, horizontal
d concurrent lines
e complementary angles
f supplementary angles
g vertically opposite angles
h 360
i bisecting an interval
j CD is perpendicular to AB
3 48
4 120 minutes
5 Area = 335 cm2 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
Perimeter = 316 cm (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
6 The median and mode would not be useful as these are the same as the par of the hole in each case. Calculating the
mean for each hole and the percentage of players who scored par or better gives a better indication of the degree of
difficulty.
Hole
Par
Mean score
% of players
scoring par or better
2
4
41
79%
7
5
45
94%
11
3
33
65%
16
3
32
75%
Both the mean and % of players scoring par or better indicate that the degree of difficulty of the hole is
1: Hole 11; 2: Hole 16; 3: Hole 2; 4: Hole 7

Chapter 13:

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Simultaneous equations

Investigation 13:01A
1 34 and 52

## 2 236 girls, 184 boys

3 23 fours, 6 sixes

4 11

5 2 1---

7 1 1---

10

## Prep Quiz 13:01

2 1

1 1
9

3 3

6 2

8 4 1--2

4
2
4 2
2

4 x

589

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Exercise 13:01
1 a x = 1, y = 2
b x = 2, y = 1 c x = 1, y = 2
d x = 0, y = 3
e x = 4, y = 1
f x = 3, y = 0
g No solution, since the lines are parallel.
h An infinite number of solutions exist, eg (1, 0), (0, 1), ( 1--- , 1 1--- ) etc. These two equations represent the same line.
2 a x = 02, y = 12
3 a x = 2, y = 1
f p = 2, q = 2
4 a
y
4
3
2
1

d x = 28, y = 03
d x = 2, y = 4
c

y
1

1 2

1
1

x = 05
2
y = 25

1 2 3

1
1
2

y
1
2 1
1

1 2 3

3 x

a
a = 07
b = 03

2
1
1
1

2 x

## 6 after 2 --1- hours and 150 km

2
8
R

x = 12
y = 08

x = 08
y = 01

x = 08
y = 02

e a = 1, b = 2

2 1
1

3
2
1

7 6 machines, \$1080
9
R

50

Rental in dollars

Rental in dollars

2
1

x = 06
y = 24

1
1

5 a

b x = 33, y = 03 c x = 13, y = 26
b x = 2, y = 1
c x = 1, y = 2
g a = 1, b = 1
h p = 6, q = 2
b
y

40

30

100

## 180 260 340

Distance in km
Distance = 260 km

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40

30

100

## 180 260 340

Distance in km
Safety Car Rental is
always cheaper.

Exercise 13:02A
1 a x = 1, y = 4
f x = 4, y = 0

b x = 2, y = 5
g x = 4, y = 2

c x = 2, y = 1
h x = 3, y = 3

d x = 3, y = 2
i x = 6, y = 2

e x = 4, y = 1
j x = 1, y = 5

2 a x = 6, y = 1

b x = 2 --3- , y =

c x = 12, y = 10

d x = 5, y = 3

e x = 2, y = 4

x = 2, y = 3

3 a x=
4 a a=

7
--8

,y=

1
1 ----16

3
--4

,b=

g x = 3, y = 4
3
--8

1
--2

h x = 5, y = 2

b a = 3 2--- , b = 17

c m=

d x=

b x=

c m=

12
-----17

,y=

8
1 ----17

5
--6

1
, n = 1 -----

2
1 ----17

,n=

12
10
-----17

x = 2, y = 4
1
-----14

5
, y = -----

14

d x = 2 1--- , y = 4 8--3

Exercise 13:02B
1 a
f
k
2 a
f
k
3 a

590

x = 5, y = 4
x = 1, y = 2
x = 1, y = 2 1--2
x = 2, y = 1
x = 4, y = 1
x = 3, y = 5 1--5
x = 1, y = 5

b
g
l
b
g
l
b

x = 5, y = 9
x = 2, y = 4
x = 2, y = 3 2--5
x = 3, y = 8
x = 3, y = 4
x = 1, y = 4
x = 2, y = 3

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

c x = 3, y = 1
h x = 8, y = 2

d x = 5, y = 1
i x = 1 1--- , y = 7

e x = 3, y = 2
j x = 7, y = 1 2---

c x = 1, y = 4
h x = 2 1--- , y = 1---

d x = 2, y = 3
i x = 4, y = 4

e x = 4, y = 6
j x = 2, y = 1

c x = 5, y = 7

d x = 2, y = 4

e x = 2, y = 3

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 591 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

x = 2 1--- , y = 1 1--2

4 a x = 4, y = 3
f

x = 2, y = 3

k x = 2, y = 9

g x = 1, y = 2

h x = 1, y = 8

b x = 1, y = 5

c x = 2, y = 2

d x = 3, y = 2

g x = 1, y = 2

h x = 3, y = 1

m x = 1, y = 1

n x=

x = 3, y = 2

x = 3, y = 5
e x = 1, y = 2

x = 1, y = 2
8
7 ----11

,y=

x = 0, y = 5

4
4 ----11

Exercise 13:03
1 a 7 and 18
b 32 and 65
2 a length = 8 cm, width = 3 cm
d chocolate = 25c, drink = 45c
3 a x = 5, y = 2
b x = 3, y = 2

c
b
e
c

## b box A = 28 1--- kg, box B = 50 kg

3 and 9
d 11 and 2
e 5 and 22
pen = 35c, pencil = 22c
c maths = 72, science = 57
Bill = \$1, Jim = 50c
x = 15, y = 30 d x = 35, y = 35 e x = 7, y = 2
f x = 4, y = 2
3

5 a 8 aprons
b 5 weeks

## d 15 seniors and 75 juniors

1 30 g

2 837

Diagnostic Test 13

1
--2

4 49 g

cup

5 55

6 calcium

7 a 16

b 696

8 150 g

Simultaneous equations

1 a x = 2, y = 1

b x = 2, y = 3

2 a x = 3, y = 1

b x = 3 2--- y = 1 3---

c a = 1 3--- , b = 2 5---

3 a x = 2, y = 1

b x=

c a = 2, b = 0

5
2 3--5

c x = 4, y = 1
5
1--5

,y=

## 13A Revision Assignment

1 a x = 3, y = 0
f

x=

3
--5

,y=

b x = 1 --1- , y = 2 --1-

18
6
- , b = -----c a = 1 -----

g p = 1, q = 3

h x=

8--5

1
--4

33

, y = 2

## 2 father is 54 years old, daughter is 18 yrs old

4 share A = \$1.80, share B = \$1.20
6 length = 15 cm width = 5 cm

d a = 2, b = 5 --1-

33

m=

3
1 ----19

,n=

3
10
-----19

7
3
- , b = 1 -----e a = 1 ----16

16

## 3 no. of adults = 59, no. of children = 141

5 length = 15 cm, width = 10 cm
7 4 km/h

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## 13B Working Mathematically

b Overestimate
c Estimate to the nearest metre, then add a few metres to the estimate.
2 1
3 x = 72
4 a 3
b 6
c 10
d 28
5 10
6 Dixon-Fly, Wynn-Free, Goad-Back, McCully-Breast with a time of 14765 seconds

Chapter 14:

Trigonometry

Exercise 14:01
1
2
3
4
5

a
a
a
a
a

BC
AB
AC
AC

b
b
b
b

5
-----12

c
c
c
c

DE
EF
DF
AC
b --86

d
d
d
d

KL
LM
KM
C
c

e TU
e ST
e SU

PR
PQ
QR
C

f
f
f

YZ
XZ
XY

15
-----8

6 a

12
-----13

6
-----10

8
-----17

## Prep Quiz 14:02

1 opp.

2 hyp.

4 I,

3
--4

; II,

6
--8

5 I,

3
--5

; II,

6
-----10

6 I,

4
--5

; II,

8
-----10

7 Yes

8 Yes

9 Yes

10 Yes

Exercise 14:02

o
--h

a
--h

o
-a

30

05

09

06

30

05

09

06

30

05

09

06

o
--h

a
--h

o
-a

50

08

06

12

50

08

06

12

50

08

06

12

591

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 592 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

opposite side

hypotenuse

o
--h

a
--h

o
-a

BAC

30

55 cm

95 cm

108 cm

05

09

06

45

77 cm

76 cm

108 cm

07

07

10

BAE

60

94 cm

54 cm

108 cm

09

05

17

4 a Yes
5 a i 06

b Yes
ii 08
iii 07

b i 06

ii 08

o a o
iii 07. For an angle of 35 the ratios --- , --- , -- are constant.
h h a

Exercise 14:03
1 a sin =
cos =
tan =

b sin =

3
--5
4
--5
3
--4

cos =
tan =

c sin =

5
-----13
12
-----13
5
-----12

cos =
tan =

24
-----25
7
-----25
24
-----7

2 a sin A = 0600

b sin A = 0471

c sin A = 0923

cos A = 0800

cos A = 0882

cos A = 0385

tan A = 0750

tan A = 0533

tan A = 2400

## 3 a 15, sin = 06, cos = 08

4 a YZ = 6, tan X = 0750
5 a sin =

b
45 , sin = 0447, cos = 0894 c
8 , sin = 0707, cos = 0707
b YZ = 6, tan X = 12
c YZ = 3, tan X = 15
3
12
b cos = ---------c sin 60 = ---------4
34
3
12
sin (90 ) = ---------cos 30 = ---------4
34
a
b cos = -c
a
sin (90 ) = -c

3
--5

cos (90 ) =
b
6 a sin = -c

3
--5

b
cos (90 ) = -c
7 a 65
8 a i

3
--5

b 30
ii

4
--5

iii

c 80
3
--4

iv

3
--4

b yes

3
1
, cos 30 = ------- , tan 30 = ------2
3
7
15
1
10 a cos A = ---------- , tan A = ---------b ------4
4
15
4
1
4
2
175
7
11 a i ---------- = ------ii ---------- = ---------b i ------------- = ------20
4
80
5
52
13
3
m
m
3
12 a tan = --- and tan = ---- . Hence ---- = --- and m = 375.
4
5
5
4
9 a missing side =

3 , sin 30 =

1
--2

## b sin 30, tan 30, cos 30 (ie

1
--2

3
3
, ------- , ------- )
3
2

7
ii ------4

b x = 2 5, y = 4 5
c i

3
--5

ii

4
--5

iii 48

iv 14

48
v -------- = 096
5

## vi 2 sin cos = 2 3--- 4--5

5
= 096
sin 2 = 096 (from (v))
sin 2 = 2 sin cos

Exercise 14:04
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
e

1630
b 3815
c 7354
d 30545
e 4014
f 10040
g
17.75
b 48267
c 125717 d 88617
e 320.25
f 709
g
05000
b 08660
c 05774
d 09455
e 05299
f 19626
g
15
b 69
c 38
d 77
e 72
f 26
g 50
0503
b 0889
c 0609
d 0121
e 1823
f 5323
g
3652 b 2528 c 4010 d 7828 e 8813 f 5834 g 5226
3687 b 2547 c 4017 d 7846 e 8822 f 5856 g 5243
0577, 05, 0866
b 1600, 0848, 0530
c 0537, 0473, 0881
0866
b 0883
c 1079
5
b 5392
c No, it does not.
d 495 (correct to 1 dec. pl.)
No. Substituting A = 30 shows it is not correct.

1201
241483
01219
h 39
0306
h 3200
h 3201

Investigation 14:04
1
2
3
4

592

a
a
a
a

it approaches 90
b it increases
c it stays constant
0
b it increases from 0 to infinity
It continually increases in length.
b It goes from 1 to 0.
yes
b Because it is the hypotenuse of the right-angled triangle ABX.

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

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d it increases
c 0 and 1.

h 23851
h 36883
h 00872
i 72
h 3185
i 6928
i 6947

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 593 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

c it goes from 0 to 1.

d 0 and 1.

## Prep Quiz 14:05

1 AC 2 BC 3 AB 4 false 5 true 6 true
10 4 tan 25 (or 8578 correct to 3 dec. pl.)

7 0966

8 0477

Exercise 14:05
1
2
3
4
12
13
21

## a 59 b 51 c 111 d 25 e 159 f 121 g 38

h 62
a 194 b 93 c 485 d 72 e 78 f 53 g 102 h 227
ACB = 63, AC = 7 sin 27  3178, AB = 7 cos 27  6237
512 m
5 554 m
6 1302 m 7 1336 m
8 406 m
9
a 537 m
b 845 m
c 44 cm
d 169 cm
150 cm
14 83 cm
15 30 cm
16 203 cm 17 572 cm 18
523 m
22 54 m2
23 a 1666 m
b 200 km/h
24
a2 3
b ----------4

3
25 a a ------2

3a 2 3
-------------2

i
i

46
133

k 38
k 132

144
71

l
l

21
160

2057 m

10 615 cm

11 213 m

693 cm
158 cm2

19 3000 m

20 35 m

75 3
ii -------------- cm2
2

d i 6 3 cm2

j
j

1

12
-----13

5
-----13

15
-----8

15
-----17

5 32

6 12

7 85

8 3120

9 6929

10 4341

Exercise 14:06
1 a 24
b 56
c 44
d 53
2 a 3652
b 4535
c 5419
3 a tan x =
4
6
10
12

3
--4

a 27
17
a 3341
5914

, sin x =
b
7
b
13

3
--5

3628
78
6326
9319

, cos x =

4
--5

e 34
d 3634

55
g 32
h 35
e 3652
f 5417

49

## ; all give x = 3652

5 a 77
8 380
9 3415, 5545
c 45
11 1945
14 a 58 (to the nearest degree)

b 62

## b 74 (to the nearest degree)

Exercise 14:07
1
9
14
19

687 m
2 127 m
3 317 m
4 20 m
5 58
76 km, 129 km
10 6 km
11 58 km
12 S 31 W
N 2730 E
15 S 319 E 16 2448 km 17 a 1545 m b 1647 m
65
20 69 and 111
21 5929
22 511 m

24 a 5 3

100 3
25 a ----------------- cm2
3

6
13
18
23

320
7 5936
N 16 W, 14327 km
77 cm
1911, 118 cm

8 14458 km

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4 3

20 3
b -------------- m
3

9 + 4 3 cm

Exercise 14:08
1 68 m
2 74
3 11 m
4 1558 m, 280 km/h
5 a 271
b 144
c 047
d 750
6 a 2330
b 3317
XW
ZW
7 a --------- = cos X XW = XY cos X XW = z cos X
b --------- = cos Z ZW = YZ cos Z ZW = x cos Z
XY
YZ
c Since y = XW + ZW, then y = z cos X + x cos Z
AM
8 a In ABM, --------- = sin B AM = c sin B
AB
16 3
9 51
10 115 km 11 -------------3
12 a ( 6 3 + 6 ) units
b 6 6 units

Diagnostic Test 14
1 a 37321
3 a 5017
5 a

5
-----13

7 a 320

1
--2

BC AM =

1
--2

ac sin B

( 54 + 18 3 ) unit2

Trigonometry

b 03907
b 4749
b

b area of ABC =

15
-----8

b 64

c 03697
c 44
c

d 11204
d 7353

3
--5

c 143

d 57

2 a 0431
4 a AB

b 1674
b PR

c 0993
c YZ

d 0306

6 a 44

b 90

c 149

d 75

8 a 3841

b 582

c 3948

d 5012

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 594 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## 14A Revision Assignment

1 a 13
b 18
c 32
3 a 1500 m
b i 975 km
ii 1689 km
5 a i In BCT,
iii In ACT,
x
x
tan 70 = --tan 30 = --------------h
h + 10
x = h tan 70
x = (h + 10) tan 30
b x = 731 km (correct to 2 dec. pl.)
x
c BT = ----------------sin 70
= 778 km (correct to 2 dec. pl.)

2 a 6133
4 a 168 m

b 5559

c 569

C
70 h

10
30

## 14B Working Mathematically

1 a perpendicular lines
b vertical, horizontal
c concurrent lines
d reflex angle
e revolution
g supplementary angles
h vertically opposite angles
i 360
j transversal
2 a hectare
b cross-section
c face
d vertex
e edge
f axes of symmetry
g tally
h sector (or pie) graph
i bar graph
j scatter diagram
3 If the 20 angle is correct, then the angle adjacent to it is 160. This would make the angle sum of the triangle greater
than 180, which is impossible.
4 a 2 --2- days b 8 men
5 a 2 ( 2 3 + 6 ) unit2
3
6 Shop Bs discount is equivalent to 77% (correct to 1 dec. pl.). Hence shop A offers the best discount.

Chapter 15:

## Prep Quiz 15:01A

1 200 km

2 450 km

3 25 km

4 4h

5 10 h

6 70 km/h

7 500 km/h

8 A

9 B

10 B

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Exercise 15:01A

Distance (km)

8
9
10

30 km
b 1:30 pm
c 50 km
d
8 am
b 2 pm
c 1 1--- h
d
2
5 km
b 11:30 am
c 60 km
d
20 km
b 20 km
c 1 pm
Increases. The slope of the line becomes steeper.
e
5 km
b 20 km
c 35 km
d
Bartley
b Twice
c 1 pm
d
Bartley travels 200 km, Conway travels 350 km.
Brown starts from A at 3 pm. Jones starts 20 km from A at 3 pm.
4:30 pm; 7:30 pm c 20 km
d 6:30 pm
e
75 km b 10:45 am and 12:15 pm
c noon
d
Jackson
b 75 km/h
c increase
d
11:30 am b 35 km
11 a 5:45 pm b 510 km
e
40
30
20
10

e Yes at 11 am
e 180 km
e 5 km/h

40 km
increases
150 km

e 45 pm

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## Brown travels 160 km. Jones travels 100 km.

75 km
e Doyle; 1--- h
2
1011 am
e 125 km
c noon
d 4:30 pm
12

500
400
300
200
100

20 km
30 km
1111:30 am

Distance (km)

5
6

a
a
a
a
d
a
a
e
a
b
a
a
a
c

Distance (km)

1
2
3
4

9 10 11 12
Time

10 11 noon 1

2 3
Time

200

100

10 11 noon 1 2
Time

Exercise 15:01B
1
2
3
4
5
6

594

a
a
a
a
a
a

15 km/h
b 20 km/h
c 10 km/h
d 40 km/h
50 km/h
b faster at point P than Q
c faster at point R than Q
d 100 km/h
e 50 km/h
40 km/h
b Benny (blue)
c Robyn (red)
d 1:30 pm and 2:15 pm
approx 67 km/h
b i A is less ii B is greater
c F
d B and C
30 m/s
b 20 m/s
c 40 m/s
d decreasing
e increasing
i 156 m
ii 91 m
b increases at a decreasing rate
c i 24 m/min
ii 15 m/min

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 595 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## Prep Quiz 15:02

1 A

2 B

3 C

4 I

5 II

6 I

7 II

8 Y

9 Z

10 X

Exercise 15:02
1 a E
b D
c A
d C
e F
f B
2 C
3 B
4 The tank is empty at the start. It is then filled at a steady rate until the water level is 3 m. This takes 20 mins.
The water level remains at 3 m for 20 mins. The tank is then emptied at a steady rate in 10 mins.
The tank remains empty for 10 mins. This cycle is then repeated.
5 a Jill is resting, then does some exercise requiring a steady application after which she rests, and her pulse rate
returns to normal.
b A balloon is blown up by mouth; it remains blown up for a short time until it bursts.
c A car is travelling at a steady rate and then stops. It is stationary for a while with the engine running, after which it
starts moving again but fuel is being used at a faster rate maybe it is going up hill. It then begins to travel at a more
economical rate maybe it is travelling on a flatter surface.
d Sam eats four pieces of pizza before being sick!
6 B
7 I
8 A graph II, B graph I, C graph III, D graph IV
9 salt A IV, salt B III, salt C I, salt D II
10 a III
b I
c IV
Distance above equilibrium position
Distance

Time

Time

Time

Brightness

Time

Time

k
Fuel level

Time

Time

l
Water level

j
Fluid level

h
Temperature

Time

Time

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Time

Water level

Time

Water level

d
Soeed

Speed

c
Speed

b
Water level

14 a

Time
Distance below equilibrium position

Excitement

Time

13

Temperature

12
Height

11

Time

Time

[Your graph for part (l) might be different, but hopefully it looks like this.]
b
Speed

Distance

16 a
Speed

15

Time

Time

Time

595

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 596 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

17 a
b
c
d

She would turn to the right, as in the picture shown in the question.
As the difference in steps increases, the radius of the circle decreases.
The curve of best fit is drawn to the right.
Since the product of d and t is always 180;
180
dr = 180 or r = --------d
180
e When d = 15, r = --------15
= 120
the radius of the circle would be 120 metres.
180
f When d = 0, r = --------0
180
As --------- cannot exist, there is no circle.
0
The person walks in a straight line.
18 a 18 000 litres
b
t
0
5
10
20
25
30
d 9 minutes (approx.)

## V 18 000 12 500 8000 2000 500

e No. From the graph
the pool drains rapidly at the beginning (perhaps high pressure)
but decreases as it nears empty.

r
200

Metres

150
100
50
0

1 2 3 4 5 d
Millimetres

V
20 000
15 000
10 000
5 000
0

5 10 15 20 25 30 t

## Fun Spot 15:02

1

G L

H O
8

H O

G O O

9
12

17

19

E
15

L O S
I

20

25

16

28

E S

Diagnostic Test 15
1
2
4
5
6

a
a
a
a
a

10 am
CD
60 km
40 km/h
25 min

b
b
b
b
b

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18

O
I

L
L

L
O

O
L

G
24

E S

I
S

O
G O

I
S

11

21 22

S H E
23

H
10

14

26

27

O S S
O

## Graphs of Physical Phenomena

35 km
CD
i 10 km/h
Q
45C

45 km
AB
3
40 km/h
50 km/h
25C

d 11 am; 1--- hr
e 60 km
2
a BC
b BC
c CD
iii 80 km/h
c 12 km/h d 30 km/h, between 2 pm and 3 pm
d approx. 75C

b
Water level
0

Time

7 a

60 g

approx. 80C

Time

JAN

DEC
Time of year

596

## NEW SIGNPOST MATHEMATICS 9 STAGE 5.15.3

c
Light inensity

8 a

c
c
ii
c
c

Average
temperature

B E
L

13

No

NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 597 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

## 15A Revision Assignment

2

90
80
70
60
Distance (km)

1 a 20 km
b 40 km
c 10:30 am
d Travers
e 60 km, 8 km
3 a E
b C
c A
d D
4 a In plane, then jump, parachute opens, slower descent to ground.
b Kite gradually rising and dipping with the wind.
c Initial cast, then below water, grabbed by a fish, reeled in to land.
d Initial run, then jump over bar, landing on mat, then stand up.
5 Andrew climbs the platform but fails to jump and climbs back down.
Helen jumps and then hauled back to platform.

50
40
30
20
10
9 am 10 11 noon 1
Time

2 3 pm

## 15B Working Mathematically

1 a
f
j
2 a
5 a
6 a
b
c

collinear points
b vertices
c hypotenuse
d a+b
e 360
3 180 = 540
g AB is a diameter, OC is a radius
h circumference
i semicircle
AB is a tangent. CD is an arc. EF is a chord.
\$2580 b \$280 c 203%
3 a 1247 cm2
b 5938 cm2
c 8432 cm2
4 \$545
Jan
b July
c Feb
d 110 mm e 1860 mm f 270 mm g 180 mm
The first stands for 3 months, the second for 3 years.
i 59 kg
ii 10 kg
iii 117 kg
iv 129 kg
v 106 kg
40%
d From 43 kg to 62 kg
e From about 25 kg to 4 kg

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NewSM9 5.1-5.3 CB-Answers Page 598 Tuesday, June 15, 2004 11:23 AM

ID Card 1 (Metric Units) page xvii
1
5
9
13
17
21

2
6
10
14
18
22

metres
kilometres
hectares
minutes
grams
litres

decimetres
square metres
cubic metres
hours
milligrams
millilitres

3
7
11
15
19
23

centimetres
square centimetres
cubic centimetres
metres per second
kilograms
kilolitres

4
8
12
16
20
24

millimetres
square kilometres
seconds
kilometres per hour
tonnes
degrees Celsius

3
7
11
15
19
23

is not equal to
is greater than
the square root of 2
is congruent to
for example
the mean

4
8
12
16
20
24

is less than
is greater than or equal to
the cube root of 2
is similar to
that is
probability of event E

## ID Card 2 (Symbols) page xvii

1
5
9
13
17
21

is equal to
is less than or equal to
4 squared
is perpendicular to
per cent
pi

2
6
10
14
18
22

is approximately equal to
is not less than
4 cubed
is parallel to
therefore
the sum of

1
6
11
16
21

62=4
2
2+6=8
6 2 = 12
62=4

2
7
12
17
22

6+2=8
6
62=4
(6 + 2) 2 = 4
6+2=8

3
8
13
18
23

62=3
6 2 = 12
62 = 36
6+2=8
62=3

4
9
14
19
24

62=4
62=4
36 = 6
62 = 36
6+2=8

5
10
15
20

62=3
6 2 = 12
62=4
62=4

## ID Card 4 (Language) page xix

1
5
9
13
17
21

square
trapezium
kite
circle
triangular prism
cylinder

2
6
10
14
18
22

rectangle
regular pentagon
scalene triangle
oval (or ellipse)
square pyramid
cone

3
7
11
15
19
23

parallelogram
regular hexagon
isosceles triangle
cube
rectangular pyramid
sphere

4
8
12
16
20
24

rhombus
regular octagon
equilateral triangle
rectangular prism
triangular pyramid
hemisphere

3
7
11
15
19
22

line AB
number line
obtuse-angled triangle
180
a = 60
circumference

4
8
12
16
20
23

ray AB
diagonals
vertices
a + b
3 180 = 540
semicircle

3
7
11
15
19
23

vertical, horizontal
right angle
revolution
vertically opposite angles
alternate angles
CAB = 60

4
8
12
16
20
24

concurrent lines
obtuse angle
360
co-interior angles
CD is perpendicular to AB

3
7
11
15
19
23

ante meridiem
net of a cube
edge
rotation (or turn)
picture graph
bar graph

4
8
12
16
20
24

post meridiem
cross-section
axes of symmetry
tessellation
column graph
scatter diagram

## ID Card 5 (Language) page xx

1
5
9
13
17
21
24

point A
2 interval AB
collinear points
6 midpoint
acute-angled triangle
10 right-angled triangle
ABC
14 hypotenuse
360
18 [b] a = b
AB is a diameter: OC is a radius.
AB is a tangent. CD is an arc. EF is a chord.

## ID Card 6 (Language) page xxi

1
5
9
13
17
21

parallel lines
angle ABC or CBA
straight angle
complementary angles
transversal
bisecting an interval

2
6
10
14
18
22

perpendicular lines
acute angle
reflex angle
supplementary angles
corresponding angles
bisecting an angle

## ID Card 7 (Language) page xxii

1
5
9
13
17
21

598

anno Domini
hectare
face
reflection (or flip)
coordinates
line graph

2
6
10
14
18
22

before Christ
regular shapes
vertex
translation (or slide)
tally
sector (or pie) graph

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