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,1 Équations du défaut :
91
1 +
,2
92 =93
2
,3
+
3 92 =93 , 1 = 0 et , 2 = −, 3
N -

On cherche 9 1 , 9 2 et , 2

Équivalent thévenin du réseau au point de défaut (partie symétrique)

=G ,G
+
+
(G 9G 9 G = (G − = G ⋅ , G
-
=L ,L
+
9 = −= ⋅ ,
9L
L L L

-
=R ,R
+
9R 9 R = −= R ⋅ , R
-

Relations entre les courants Io, Ii, Id et les tensions Vo, Vd, Vi en utilisant les équations de défaut

, R = ,1 + , 2 + , 3 = 0 ⇒ ,R = 0

,1 = 0 = , R + , G + , L ⇒ , G = −, L

9 2 = 9 R + D2 ⋅9 G + D ⋅9 L = 9 3 = 9 R + D ⋅9 G + D2 ⋅9 L

⇒ [ ]
9 G ⋅ D2 − D = 9 L ⋅ D2 − D [ ] ⇒ 9G =9L

Comme , R = 0 ⇒ 9 R = −= R ⋅ , R
Schéma équivalent avec les composantes symétriques :

9R =0 et ,R = 0
=G ,G ,L
=L (G
+ + 9 G = (G ⋅ ,G =
(G 9 G =9 L = L
=L + =G =L + =G
-
=L (G
9 L = (G ⋅ ,L = −
=L + =G =L + =G

Transformation pour obtenir les grandeurs réelles :

=L
9 1 = 9 R + 9 G + 9 L = 2 ⋅9 G = 2 ⋅ ( G ⋅
=L + =G

=L 91
[ ]
9 2 = 9 3 = D 2 + D ⋅ 9 G = −9 G = − ( G ⋅
=L + =G
=−
2

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,1 = 0

[
, 2 = , R + D2 ⋅ , G + D ⋅ , L = 2 ⋅9 G = D2 − D ⋅ ] = (+ = G

L G

[
, 3 = , R + D ⋅ , G + D2 ⋅ , L = 2 ⋅9 G = D − D2 ⋅ ] = (+ = G

L G

5HPDUTXH : Montage avec une impédance entre deux phases ⇔ Charge monophasée

On applique la même méthode avec de nouvelles équations de défaut

,1
91 ,1 = 0 , 2 = −, 3
1 +
,2 et
2 + 92
= 8 23 = 9 2 − 9 3 = = ⋅ , 2
,3
3
+ 93
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N
- VpULHG¶H[HUFLFHV
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,1 Équations du défaut :
91
1 +
,2
9 2 =93 = 0
2
,3
+
3 9 2 =93 = 0 ,1 = 0
N -

On cherche 9 1 , , 2 et , 3

Équivalent thévenin du réseau au point de défaut (partie symétrique)

=G ,G
+
+
(G 9G 9 G = (G − = G ⋅ , G
-
= L , L

+
9 = −= ⋅ ,
9
L L L
L

-
= R
, R

+
9 R
9 R = −= R ⋅ , R
-

Relations entre les courants Io, Ii, Id et les tensions Vo, Vd, Vi en utilisant les équations de défaut

91
1
3
[
9 R = ⋅ 9 1 +9 2 +9 3 =
3
]
91 91
1
3
[
9 G = ⋅ 9 1 + D ⋅9 2 + D 2 ⋅9 3 =
3
] ⇒ 9R =9 G =9L =
3

91
L
1
3
[
9 = ⋅ 9 1 + D 2 ⋅9 2 + D ⋅9 3 =
3
]

,1 = 0 = , R + , G + , L
Schéma équivalent avec les composantes symétriques :

Le court-circuit entre deux phases avec mise à la


=G ,G ,R terre revient à mettre = // = et en série avec =
L R G

9R =0 ,R = 0
+ +
(G =L =R
et
9 G =9L =9 R

= L // = R
-
9 G = (G ⋅ =9 L =9 R
= G + = L // = R

,G =
(G
,L = −
9G
=−
( G ⋅ = L // = R ( ) ,R = −
(
( G ⋅ = L // = R )
= G + = L // = R
et
=L (
= G + = L // = R ⋅ = L
et
) ( )
= G + = L // = R ⋅ = R

Remarque pour simplifier l’écriture :

On pose : = = = G ⋅ = L + = G ⋅ = R + = L ⋅ = R
2

=L ⋅ =R =G ⋅ =L + =G ⋅ =R + =L ⋅ =R =
2

= G + = L // = R = = G + = =
=L + =R =L + =R =L + =R

=L ⋅ =R =L + =R =R =L
9 G = 9 L = 9 R = (G ⋅ , G = (G ⋅ , L = −( G ⋅ , R = −( G ⋅
= = = =
2 2 2 2

Transformation pour obtenir les grandeurs réelles :

=L ⋅ =R
9 1 = 9 R + 9 G + 9 L = 3 ⋅9 G = 3 ⋅ ( G ⋅ 92 =93 = 0
=
2

,1 = 9 R + 9 G + 9 L = 0

(G
, 2 = , R + D2 ⋅ , G + D ⋅ , L = [ (
⋅ − = L + D2 ⋅ = L + = R − D ⋅ = R ) ]
=
2

(G
, 3 = , R + D ⋅ , G + D2 ⋅ , L = [ (
⋅ − = L + D ⋅ = L + = R − D2 ⋅ = R ) ]
=
2