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Chapter 1 Paper 1

Introducing Science

Each question is followed by four options. Choose the best answer for each question. Setiap soalan mempunyai empat pilihan jawapan. Pilih jawapan yang tepat untuk setiap soalan. P02/Aras rendah 1 Which of the following is a scientific phenomenon? Antara berikut, yang manakah adalah fenomena saintifik? A A child crying when having her tooth extracted Kanak-kanak menangis apabila sakit gigit B An iron nail and an iron ship having the same density Paku besi dan kapal besi mempunyai ketumpatan yang sama C Eating nasi lemak or roti canai for breakfast Makan sarapan nasi lemak atau roti canai. D Having football practice on Wednesday afternoons Menajalani latihan bola sepak pada waktu tengahari Rabu P00/Aras rendah 2 Which science career in the field can help to locate new oil fields? Antara bidang kerjaya sains berikut, yang mana dapat membantu mencari kawasan gali minyak yang baru A Petroleum engineer Jurutera petroleum B Geologist Ahli Geologi C Physiologist Ahli Siologi D Psychologist Ahli Psikologi P02/Aras sederhana 3 Ali wants to use the scientific investigation method to study the germination of pollen grains. Which of the following steps must not be carried out? Ali hendak menggunakan kaedah penyiasatan saintifik untuk menguji percambahan debunga. Antara berikut, yang manakah bukan langkah yang perlu diambil? A Colleting pollen grains from different flowers Pengumpulan debunga daripada bunga yang berbeza B Observing the pollen grains with a hand lens or microscope Memerhatikan debunga menggunakan kanta tangan atau mikroskop C Drawing what he thinks he should observe instead of what he actually observed Melukis pemerhatian yang difikirkan sepatutnya tetapi bukan pemerhatian yang sepatutnya D Observing the pollen grains at regular intervals

Memerhati debunga P04/Aras rendah 4 What is the step in a scientific investigation method that comes immediately before changing the conditions of an experiment? Apakah langkah kaedah penyiasatan saintifik paling awal yang perlu dilakukan sebelum menentukan eksperiment? A Finding a meaning for what has been observed Mencari makna permerhatian yang diambil B Determining what I want to find out Menentukan Apa yang saya ingin siasat C Making a smart guess Membuat jangkaan awal D Planning how to test the hypothesis Merancang bagaimana untuk menguji hipotesis P02/Aras sederhana 5

Kept on a laboratory table at 28 oC Dibiarkan di atas meja makmal pada suhu 28C

Kept in an incubator at 40 oC Dibiarkan di dalam inkubator pada suhu 40C

The figure above shows the apparatus used to carry out an experiment to determine the suitable temperature for the germination of soybean seeds. What are the variables in this experiment? Rajah di atas menunjukkan peralatan yang digunakan untuk menjalankan eksperimen bagi menentukan suhu yang sesuai bagi percambahan biji benih kacang soya. Apakah pememboleh ubah bagi eksperiemen ini?
Variable that is kept constant Pemboleh ubah yang dimalarkan Variable that is Variable that responds manipulated Pemboleh ubah yang bergerak balas Pemboleh ubah yang dimanipasikan

A Type of seeds

Jenis biji benih B Type of pot Jenis pot C Type of soil Jenis tanah D Amount of water Jumlah air

Temperature Suhu Age of seed Umur biji benih Number of seeds Bilangan biji benih Amount of light Jumlah cahaya

Whether germination occurs or not Percambahan berlaku atau tidak Type of seeds Jenis biji benih Temperature at which germination occurs Suhu percambahan biji benih berlaku Whether germination occurs or not Percambahan berlaku atau tidak

Aras rendah/P03 6 Which of the following instruments can be used to measure 2.4 ml of a liquid most accurately? Antara perlalatan berikut yang manakah digunakan untuk mengukur 2.4 ml cecair. A C

Aras sederhana(P02) 7 Razak wants to heat some copper(II) sulphate crystals. Which of the following apparatus should he use? Razak ingin memanaskan Kristal kupru(II)sulfat. Radas manakah yang boleh Razak gunakan? I A crucible Mangkuk pijar II A wire gauze Kasa dawai III A tripod stand Tungku kaki tiga IV A retort stand Kaki retot A I and III only

B C D

II and IV only I, II and III only I, II, III and IV

Aras sederhana (P02) 8 The distance between two sinks in a canteen is 5.5 m. Which of the following measurements shows this distance correctly? Jarak di antara dua sinki di kantin adalah 5.5 m. Ukuran manakah menunjukkan jarak yang betul? A 5500 mm B 55 cm C 0.55 m D 0.055 km Aras rendah(P02) 9 Which prefix expresses the largest quantity? Prefix manakah menunjukkan kuantiti yang besar? A Mega B Kilo C Milli D Micro Aras rendah (P02) 10 Which of the following is used to measure mass? Antara berikut yang manakah digunakan untuk mengukur jisim? I A beam balance II An electronic balance III A lever balance IV A spring balance A I and III only B II and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV Aras sederhana(P01) 11 Which of the following statements is correct about mass and weight? Antara penyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang jisim dan berat? A The mass of an object is determined by its molecular structure Jisim objek ditentukan berdasarkan struktur molekul B The weight of an object is determined by the pull of gravity Berat objek ditentukan oleh tarikan graviti C The mass of an object is determined by the pull of gravity Jisim objek ditentukan oleh tarikan graviti D The weight of an object is measured by a lever balance Berat objek diukur menggunakan neraca timbang

Aras sederhana (P02) 12 Which of the following is true about the weight of an object? Antara berikut yang manakah benar tentang berat objek? I It is measured in Newton Ia diukur dalam unit Newton II It is the same everywhere on Earth Ia adalah sama di mana-mana kedudukan di permukaan bumi III It is the same everywhere in the universe Ia adalah sama di mana-mana kedudukan di alam semesta IV It can be measured with every type of balance Ia boleh diukur oleh semua jenis penimbang A I only B III only C I, II and III only D II, III and IV only

Aras tinggi (P02) 13

The apparatus in the figure above is used to determine the volume of five nails. If all the five nails are similar, what is the volume of one nail? Radas dalam rajah di atas digunakan untuk menentukan isipadu lima batang paku. Jika kesemua paku adalah sama, berapa isipadu bagi setiap paku tersebut? A 2 cm3 B 10 cm3 C 10.6 cm3 D 53 cm3 Aras sederhana(P06) 14 A student uses a pair of Vernier calipers to measure the thickness of a test tube. Which of the following steps should he follow? Seorang pelajar mengguakan Angkup Vernier untuk mengukur ketebalan tabung uji. Antara langkah berikut, yang manakah perlu diikuti?

Avoid parallax errors Mengelakkan ralat parallax II Take one reading only Mengambil satu bacaan sahaja III Position the eyes correctly Menggunakan kedudukan mata yang betul IV Check for zero error Memeriksa ralat sifar A I and III only B II and IV only C I, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV Aras rendah(P02) 15 Which of the following is correctly matched? Manakah antara berikut yang dipadankan dengan betul? Basic quantity SI unit I Mass Newton Jisim Newton II Length Centimeter Panjang Sentimeter III Temperature Kelvin Suhu Kelvin IV Current Ampere Arus Ampere A I and III only B III and IV only C I, II and IV only D I, II, III and IV Aras tinggi (P02) 16 If one square inch is 6.5 square centimetres, what is the area of 25.5 square inches in square centimetres? Jika satu inci segi empat sama ialah 6.5 sentimeter, berapa luas 25.5 inci segi empat sama dalam sentimeter? A 1.6575 B 19.85 C 165.75 D 2583.5

Aras sederhana (P02) 17

What is the estimated area of the shape shown in the figure above? Berapa anggaran luas bentuk seperti dalam rajah di atas? A 30 cm2 B 40 cm2 C 45 cm2 D 60 cm2 Aras rendah (P02) 18

What is the apparatus labelled X in the figure above? Apakah radas berlabel X dalam rajah di atas? A Eureka can Tin Eureka B Archimedes can Tin Archimedes C Measuring cylinder Silinder Penyukat D Measuring can

Tin Penyukat Aras sederhana (P02) 19 Which of the following is correctly matched? Antara berikut pasangan mana yang sesuai? Value Prefix form I0.0003 metre0.3 centimetreII16 amperes1600 milliamperesIII90 000 grams90 kilogramsIV4 metres0.004 kilometre A I and III only B III and IV only C I, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV Aras 20 Which of the following statements is correct? Antara penyataan berikut yang manakah benar? I Graph paper can be used to estimate the area of an irregular shape Kertas graf boleh digunakan untuk menganggarkan luar bentuk tidak sekata II The water displacement can is used to measure the volume of irregular objects Kaedah penyesaran air boleh digunakan untuk mengukur isipadu objek yangmempunyai bentuk tidak sekata III A pipette can be used to measure 5.5 ml of liquid cough mixture Pipet boleh digunakan untuk mengukur 5.5 ml cecair ubat batuk IV A beam balance is used to measure the mass of an object Penimbang beam digunakan untuk mengukur jisim objek A I and III only B III and IV only C I, II and IV only D I, II, III and IV 21 Which of the following is the most suitable apparatus for measuring the distance between two towns on a map? Antara radas berikut yang manakah paling sesuai digunakan untuk mengukur jarak di antara dua bandar di atas peta? A A measuring tape Pita ukur B A piece of graph paper Cebisan kertas graf C External calipers and a ruler Angkup luar dan pembaris D An opisometer and a ruler Opisometer dan pembaris 22 Why is it important to use standard units?

Mengapa penggunaan unit piawai adalah penting? A Measurements will be understood by everyone all over the world Pengukuran boleh difahami oleh semua individu di seluruh dunia B Measurements will be recorded all over the world Pengukuran boleh direkodkan di seluruh dunia C Measurements will be easier to take and record Pengukuran lebih mudah di ambil dan direkodkan D Measurements will be less exact Pengukuran akan kurang tepat

Chapter 2

Cell as a Basic Unit of Life

Paper 1 Each question is followed by four options. Choose the best answer for each question. Setiap soalan mempunyai empat pilihan jawapan. Pilih jawapan yang paling tepat. 1 A B C D 2 I II III IV A B C D 3 M Cover onion with a glass cover Tutup bawang menggunakan penutup kaca N Peel a layer of onion Hiris lapisan bawang O Absorb excess iodine with filter paper Serap iodine yang berlebihan menggunakan kertas turas P Add a drop of iodine solution Tambahkan setitis cecair iodin M, N, O and P above are steps that are required to prepare a slide of onion cells. Which is the correct sequence of steps? M,N,O dan P adalah langkah-langkah yang diperlukan untuk menyediakan slid sel bawang. Antara berikut manakah susunan yang betul? A N, P, O, M B N, M, P, O C N, P, M, O D M, N, P, O Who was the scientist that first observed cells under a microscope? Siapakah ahli sains yang pertama memerhati sel di bawah mikroskop? Hans Lippershey Robert Hooke Thomas Edison Charles Darwin Which structure is present in both plant and animal cells? Struktur manakah yang terdapat di dalam sel tumbuhan dan sel haiwan? Nucleus Nukleus Cytoplasm Sitoplasma Cell wall Sel dinding Cell membrane Sel membran I and III only II and IV only I, II and IV only I, II, III and IV

4. Which cell structure and function is correctly matched? Antara berikut manakah padanan struktur dan fungsi sel yang betul? Cell structure Cell function A Nucleus Stores food Nukleus Menyimpan makanan B Vacuole Captures light energy Vakuol Menyerap tenaga cahaya C Cell membrane Allows substances to pass into and out of the cell Sel membrane Membolehkan bahan keluar dan masuk ke dalam sel D Cell wall Transports water into the cell Sel dinding Menghantar air ke dalam sel 5 Which step is correct when using a light microscope? Antara berikut manakah yang benar mengenai penggunaan mikroskop cahaya? A Always use the coarse adjustor before the fine adjustor knobs Sentiasa menggunakan pelaras utama sebelum menggunakan pelaras _______ B Fresh specimens must remain wet on a slide Spesimen yang baru mesti dibiarkan dalam keadaan lembab di atas slid. C Adjust the mirror to allow the minimum amount of light to enter Laraskan cermin untuk meminimumkan jumlah cahaya yang masuk D Carry the microscope by the eyepiece lens Angkat mikroskop menggunakan kanta mata Which is a unicellular organism? Antara berikut, manakah organism unisel? I Hydra II Euglena III Yeast IV Spirogyra A I and III only B II and III only C I, II and IV only D I, II, III and IV

Which organism below is most similar to the organism shown in the figure above? Antara organism berikut manakah yang paling menyamai organism dalam rajag di atas? A Moss B Fungus C Bacterium D Paramecium 8 Which cells transports messages to all parts of the body? Antara berikut, manakah sel yang menghantar maklumat ke seluruh bahagian badan? I Red blood cells Sel darah merah II Nerve cells Sel saraf III Muscle cells Sel otot IV Brain cells Sel otak A II only B II and III only C I, II and IV only D I, II, III and IV

X A group of similar cells working together to carry out a specific function Kumpulan sel yang sama melakukan kerja bersama untuk mempunyai satu fungsi yang spesifik Y Different types of tissues working together to carry out a specific function Beberapa jenis tisu yang berbeza melakukan kerja bersama untuk mempunyai satu fungsi yang spesifik. The information above describes two types of cells X and Y. Which of the following represents X and Y? Maklumat di atas menerangkan dua jenis sel X dan Y. Antara berikut manakah mewakili X dan Y? A B X Sperm cells Sel sperma Nerve cells Sel saraf Y Testis Testis Nervous system Sistem saraf

C D 10

Cardiac muscle Otot jantung Stomach cells Sel perut

Heart Jantung Small intestine Usus kecil

Cell M N O Human What do M, N and O represent in the above? Apakah yang diwakili oleh M, N dan O di atas? A B C D M Muscle Otot Heart Jantung Intestine Lining Usus Eye Mata N Stomach Perut Blood Darah Small intestine Usus kecil Brain Otak O Intestine system Sistem usus Blood circulatory system Sistem peredaran darah Digestive system Sistem pencernaan Nervous system Sistem saraf

11 Which is a part of the human endocrine system? Manakah bahagian sistem endokrin manusia? I Pituitary II Thyroid III Pancreas IV Stomach A I and III only B II and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV 12 Supports the body Menyokong badan Protects the organs Melindungi organ Enables movement Membolehkan pergerakan

Which human body system has the functions as described above? Antara system badan manusia berikut, manakah yang mempunyai fungsi seperti yang diterangkan di atas A The blood circulatory system Sistem peredaran darah

B C D

The nervous system Sistem saraf The muscular system Sistem otot The skeletal system Sistem skeletal

13 Cell specialisation enables a person to do several things at the same time. Which of these actions may be carried out efficiently by a hockey player, at the same time? I Using his eyes to detect the ball II Using his brain to decide if he can successfully tackle the player who has the ball III Using his legs to run towards the ball IV Using his arms to position his stick to hit the ball A I and III only B II and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV 14 Which specialised human body system helps you to quickly remove your hand from a knife, after accidentally cutting yourself? A The skeletal system B The lymphatic system C The nervous system D The excretory system

15 What is an advantage of cell specialisation? I Several actions can be carried out at the same time II The organism functions more efficiently III There is division of labour amongst cells IV Cells do not become overworked A I and III only B II and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV

Chapter 3

Each question is followed by four options. Choose the best answer for each question. 1 Which is an example of matter? Antara berikut manakah contoh jirim? I Sunlight Cahaya matahari II Fruit juice Jus buahan III Dust Habuk IV Talcum powder Serbuk bedak A I and III only B II and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV

A beaker of soil is measured using a lever balance as shown in the figure above. What can you conclude from this activity? Satu bikar tanah boleh di ukur menggunakan penimbang ______ seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah. Apakah A Soil has air spaces B Soil has mass C Soil is a type of matter D Soil may be acidic or alkaline 3 Which type of matter does not have a definite shape, but has a definite volume? A Solids B Gases C Liquids D Soil Which is a liquid at room temperature? I Candle wax II Mercury

III IV A B 5

Bromine Petroleum I and III only II and IV only

C D

II, III and IV only I, II, III and IV

In which type of matter can you observe Brownian movement using a light microscope? I Smoke II Dust III Naphthalene IV Glucose solution A I only B II and IV only C II, III and IV only D I, II, III and IV Rahman was lying in bed in his bedroom upstairs on a Sunday morning. Suddenly, he smelt his favourite breakfast of sausages cooking from the kitchen downstairs. What can you infer from this observation? A The door of Rahmans bedroom was opened B The smell particles from the sausages quickly dispersed through the air C Rahman was hungry D Rahman has a good sense of smell A student poured 45 ml of copper sulphate solution into 20 ml of a salt solution. Which statement is correct? A The final volume of the mixture is exactly 65 ml B The final volume of the mixture is less than 65 ml C The final volume of the mixture is more than 65 ml D The final volume of the mixture depends on the type of container used

What is the density of the liquid in the figure shown above? A 0.08 g cm-3

B C D 9

0.65 g cm-3 6.5 g cm-3 8.0 g cm-3

10

Which arrangement of substances shows their densities in decreasing order? A Tetrachloromethane, copper, kerosene, perspex B Kerosene, perspex, tetrachloromethane, copper C Copper, perspex, tetrachloromethane, kerosene D Copper, tetrachloromethane, perspex, kerosene

An object was placed in four different liquids as shown in the figure above. Which liquid has the highest density? A P B Q C R D S 11 A small copper piece weighing 12 g has a density of 9 g cm-3. What is the density of a small copper statue that weighs 1 440 g? A 9 g cm-3 B 90 g cm-3 C 900 g cm-3 D 9 000 g cm-3 12 Which vehicle uses the principle of density of matter? I Rafts II Hot air balloons III Submarines IV Hovercrafts A I only B II and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV 13 Wood is usually used to make I boats II furniture III houses IV cars A I and III only

B C D

II and IV only I, II and III only I, II, III and IV

14 Crude petroleum is piped from oilfields to the refineries. What property of crude petroleum is used in its transportation? A Its viscosity B Its ability to burn C Its ability to flow D Its high boiling point 15 Aluminium is used to make aircrafts and roofs. What property of aluminium makes both these uses possible? I Its shiny surface II It is light III It can be shaped IV It is easily obtained from the surrounding areas A I and II only B II and IV only C I, II and III only D I, II, III and IV