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Reported biological activities References

Wound healing, treatment of


Davis et al. (1994); Tizard et al. (1989); Urch (1999)
AIDS
Castleman, (1991); Chantarawaratit et al. (2013);
Choi et al. (2001); Yagi et al. (1997); Yagi et al.
(2003); Womble and Helderman, (1988); Djeraba
and Quere, (2000); Visuthikosol et al. (1995); Davis
et al. (1987); Davis et al. (1988); Kaufman et al.
(1989); Pugh et al. (2001); Tan and Vanitha (2004);
Wound healing, anticancer, Azghani et al. (1995); Cera et al. (1980); Kemp et al.
antimicrobial, skin use, (1990); Jettanacheawchankit et al. (2009); King et al.
immunomodulatory, (1995); Womble and Helderman (1992); Womble
hematopoiesis, cell proliferation, and Helderman (1988); Karaca et al. (1995); Shida et
reticuloendothelial, in dentistry al. (1985); Womble and Helderman (1988); Karaca
et al. (1995); Shida et al. (1985); Karaca et al.
(1995); Stefan et al. (1996); Kahlon et al. (1991);
Harris et al. (1991); Peng et al. (1991); Chinnah et al.
(1992); Marshall et al. (1993); Ramamoorthy et al.
(1993); Oral ulcers remedy gets FDA clearance,
(1994)
Anticancer Liu et al. (2006)
Anticancer Liu et al. (2006)
Kang et al. (2014); Wu et al. (2006); Kardosova and
Antioxidant
Machova (2006); Liu et al. (2007)
Cough suppressing Sutovska (2010)
Cough suppressing Sutovska (2010)
Growth stimulatory activity Madis et al. (1989)
Karaca et al. (1995); Stefan et al. (1996); Kahlon et
Hematopoiesis, cell
al. (1991); Harris et al. (1991); Peng et al. (1991);
proliferation, antineoplastic,
Chinnah et al. (1992); Marshall et al. (1993);
reticuloendothelial
Ramamoorthy et al. (1993)
Kang et al. (2014); Wu et al. (2006); Kardosova and
Antioxidant
Machova (2006); Liu et al. (2007)
Kang et al. (2014); Wu et al. (2006); Kardosova and
Antioxidant
Machova (2006); Liu et al. (2007)
Immunomodulatory Pugh et al. (2001)
Cough suppressing Sutovska (2010)
Immunomodulatory King et al. (1995); Womble and Helderman (1992)
Kang et al. (2014); Wu et al. (2006); Kardosova and
Antioxidant
Machova (2006); Liu et al. (2007)
Reynolds and Dweck (1999); Surjushe et al. (2008);
Wound healing Davis et al. (1991); Tizard et al. (1994); Talmadge et
al. (2004); Feily and Namazi (2009)
Reported biological activities References
Anticancer, effects on estrogen
Thomson (1972); Huang et al. (2013)
status
Sahu et al. (2013); Esua and Rauwald (2006); Yagi
Anti-inflammatory, anticancer,
(1997); Hutter et al. (1996); Das et al. (2011); Park et
antimicrobial, effects on
al. (2009); Grimaudo et al. (1997); Feily and Namazi
estrogen status, intestinal
(2009); Sydiskis et al. (1991); Huang et al. (2013);
absorption
Suboj et al. (2012)
Kabbash et al. (2008); Li et al. (2009); El-Shemy et
Cytotoxic
al. (2010); Lee et al. (2000a); Lee et al. (2000b)
Kabbash et al. (2008); Li et al. (2009); El-Shemy et
Cytotoxic
al. (2010); Lee et al. (2000a); Lee et al. (2000b)
Park et al. (2009); Buenz (2008); Song et al. (2005);
Kabbash et al. (2008); Li et al. (2009); El-Shemy et
Anti-inflammatory, anticancer, al. (2010); Lee et al. (2000a); Lee et al. (2000b);
skin use, laxative effects, Niciforovic et al. (2007a); Niciforovic et al. (2007b);
cytotoxic, antispermatogenic, Jettanacheawchankit et al. (2009); Ali et al. (2012);
allergy Joseph and Raj (2010); Morrow et al. (1980); WHO
monographs on selected medicinal plants (1999);
Fujii (2003); Pan et al. (2013)
Laxative effects Joseph and Raj (2010)
β-secretase inhibitory activity Lv et al. (2008)
Zhang et al. (2006); Lee et al. (2000c); Zhang et al.
Antioxidant
(2008)
Anti-inflammatory, Sahu et al. (2013); Esua and Rauwald (2006); Yagi
antityrosinase (1997); Hutter et al. (1996); Das et al. (2011)
Sahu et al. (2013); Esua and Rauwald (2006); Yagi
Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant (1997); Hutter et al. (1996); Das et al. (2011); Zhang
et al. (2006); Lee et al. (2000c); Zhang et al. (2008)
β-secretase inhibitory activity Lv et al. (2008)
Das et al. (2011); Kabbash et al. (2008); Li et al.
Anti-inflammatory, cytotoxic,
2009; El-Shemy et al. (2010); Lee et al. (2000a); Lee
tyrosinase inhibitory
et al. (2000b); Wu et al. (2012)
Antidiabetic Tanaka and Misawa (2007)
Anti-inflammatory Esua and Rauwald (2006)
Laxative effects Joseph and Raj (2010)
Sahu et al. (2013); Esua and Rauwald, (2006); Yagi
Anti-inflammatory,
(1997); Hutter et al. (1996); Das et al. (2011); Yagi
Antiproliferative
(1997); Esua and Rauwald, (2006)
Sahu et al. (2013); Esua and Rauwald (2006); Yagi
Anti-inflammatory, cell
(1997); Hutter et al. (1996); Das et al. (2011); Yagi
proliferative
(1997); Esua and Rauwald (2006)
Antidiabetic, antioxidant, Tanaka and Misawa (2007); Zhang et al. (2006); Lee
immunomodulatory et al. (2000c); Zhang et al. (2008)
Reported biological activities References
Tanaka and Misawa (2007); Zhang et al. (2006); Lee
Antidiabetic, antioxidant
et al. (2000c); Zhang et al. (2008)
Antioxidant Zhang et al. (2008)
Antidiabetic, hepatoprotective Misawa et al. (2012)
Antidiabetic Misawa et al. (2012)
Antidiabetic Misawa et al. (2012)
Sahu et al. (2013); Esua and Rauwald (2006); Yagi
Anti-inflammatory
(1997); Hutter et al. (1996); Das et al. (2011)
Antidiabetic, hepatoprotective Misawa et al. (2012)
Antidiabetic Misawa et al. (2012)
Sahu et al. (2013); Esua and Rauwald (2006); Yagi
Anti-inflammatory
(1997); Hutter et al. (1996); Das et al. (2011)
Antimicrobial Das et al. (2011)
Antimicrobial Das et al. (2011)
Antimicrobial, antioxidant Das et al. (2011); Ozsoy et al. (2009)
Antimicrobial Das et al. (2011)
Antimicrobial Das et al. (2011)
Antioxidant Ozsoy et al. (2009)
Antioxidant Ozsoy et al. (2009)
Antioxidant Ozsoy et al. (2009)
Kabbash et al. (2008); Li et al. (2009); El-Shemy et
Cytotoxic
al. (2010); Lee et al. (2000a); Lee et al. (2000b)
Wound healing Rajput et al. (2009)

Anti-inflammatory, Surjushe et al. (2008); Das et al. (2011); Yagi et al.


antimicrobial, antioxidant, (2003)
Anti-inflammatory Ohuchi et al. (1984)
Skin cell proliferating Yang et al. (1998)
Antifibrinolytic Siritapetawee et al. (2013)
Cell proliferation activity Yagi (1997)
Hemagglutination, mitogenic Winters Wendell (1993)
Kabbash et al. (2008); Li et al. (2009); El-Shemy et
Cytotoxic activity
al. (2010); Lee et al. (2000a); Lee et al. (2000b)
Anti-inflammatory Surjushe et al. (2008)
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)
Reported biological activities References
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)
Sugars and fats break down Surjushe et al. (2008)