Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 76

| 

m  
 
m ||

  
m   
m |  
m | 
m 
 ||
m  
|
m 

|
m 

 
 






!
"#

$!"%
&
'

(
#)*#(


(

+,




-.

/ 0

1#
/ 0

 #2
/  !3

&$ |( (0+%

!





1
-
!4

 
$"%


",
 

"

"


4

!
&




&

&

1
05

 


",

#



 

1

!

)


6
2
.
/ !
2!

&
2411
!
 

!
"


7
/ !

2411
!
 

!
"


/ !
8,


 

'



0
.

|#32

,
 
|#32
9:


5)!
!





3!2



"'"
(
 


!

2!
$1!(
!3#6(

!3  3!6(
%

!

!

!
"

0
,

""
5)!
!

&.

9;<=
(

)

>

9;) (
"

!
!0

5)!


=;;
"6,

9;<
?.
6

)

9;) ,




#2
 

 
?;;

"6
 
#32
?:

|   $*@| A )!%  ! " !


! !  !  !, !  1)2 -
  !  ( 0  
! - !4 4 0 ,
 
#32
?:




!

0
!

2

#2.
!
")

(
!
)

 +


0
!
0
&.

0
9.
4
!


1!
! #2
"


"
!
&

0
?.
"
!
"


-

)
"""


B
),

0
:.
"
!
"


-

)
"""


9;
),
 
#32
?:

0
B.
"
!
"


-

)
"""

9C
)

0
=
.
"
!
"


-

)
"""

9;;
)

0
=D.

-



9;;
)
-
9 )

0
C.
"
!
"


-

)
 
!
9 )

!
!
 (
!
5)!
&
'
""!


1".

|$#! * |%





)!

|$ #! * |%




)!
 5)! E| $E!
*
|%
E)
 2
::

!!

" 
F

3!2
" 

.

@ ð
   ð  ð    
   ð ð 

@ ð      ð  ð   ð      


!!  G( 1!# ! !"6,

@ ð          ð


  ð    ð ð
E)
 2
::
  ! 0  !  
3!   !2 "  !
0  2 !  !F0,
 
   

m 

4
01
2
!
11

!4


1

G

!

!
0

H
" 




!,
(
!2
!
0!

!
0(

!

)2"
1!#,
2

&


1"
" 

0!,
m "6

G
=;I"

C?,=I"
!
!
&(



0
9?=I"
m &
"2
J9?K
m <

!"
.
LC;
H,M",
m 
1)!
.
:<M"
-
;,N=I",


 
  

 G    ! #  & 3 #  


 1 !06" 11  ! ,

"6

G
=;I"

C?,=I"(
0
9?=I"

<

.
!
H,M"
,


.
:<M"
-
;,N=I"

9,=<M"
-
9,:I",

 


m !
43

24
!
"

 0

!
"





"'"

2
!
!0
F

0!


!4&
"2
6
1)!,
m "6


=
-
9;I"
(
0
9?=I"
m <

6
!&
.

!4

H,M",
m 
6
1)!
.
;,=<M"
-
9,:I"

;,?<M"
-

9,=I",
 


     4




!"02
!


 
!
1",

!ð   .


!4"
1
0






1".

"    !



&

1!


1

&
!!
2.
!
"(
!

!1

2
"

-


"
4'

!
&
!
 ,

"   .


!

2

""2


&@-@&,
O|

 P

&
!
!!(
!



!
36"

1"2

!
)

"""



0

3 


,
3 


 .
)!

& 

1


!! .
")

"# S .
&


!
.

Q
!

*M


!!


2 "
F
"'"
0




00 #2
(
&

!
#!0
#,
  ! .

Q
 !

*M


" !

!

!


3

F
H

M"(
&


1)
 2,

 .
R
Q
R

*M



&

!
0
H
00 #2
.
3(
(

!6,

!

 ,

 9=
3 

)

0

3 
.

#
)(


"3
)(

-
1)!
),
/ 
-
#
).
/ .
#
9;)
/ E # 9;)
/ 0) # 9 )
/ 
-
1)!

3
)
.


R
/ 
!2.
=CT)
/  .
CB
T)
/  @ .
?;)
  
m  1 41"  !4" &
!      .
9,  "  1"  1" - "7
?, 41   7
:,  0  !   
1" U7
B, 4  ! 1  !4"
  
m | 0!" !4" 4   !
 (  !    1
  " "   !40  !4 ,
m  !      " ! 
 $!  0%
m      ! 11 !
&  ! !0  ! 
 & ##(   ! "   
  
| 1! !4  !4#0 
(  "6!  4 
36" &  !   $  3"
%   1   $!
 0%,  "6!    
! ! !    #
1   !00  ""
 ! "  !""  
!41"2,
  $  %

 
6!
 
#2 # 0    1 "! 
!0!,  # &  1 
1  1"  &  4  
")! ! 1" - "  !
1"  V! - >,

!  # #$  %& !! F   ! "


W)X  1!  )     ""
 Y  ! (  ! 01   ),
!! ")! ! "3 !2( "2(  2
 #H  !2! ! 1"  ",
6!
 
!  # ð    % & !! 06 !
1)!  1  ) 4 G - !4 
( "    !  1 
    4, 4 
 -  &   ! ! ",

!  #  %  & !! 0!! !


 - &   - "", 4
  -  & 4 !! ! 2, !!
V! !  "   ! 2
6!
 

!   #  %& !!



!40(

!4)!"



!
1)!

 ,


1

)



!


!
#




!
 

)


,






"
-
!
#




F
2F!!

&
-
,

!   # 
!
!

!0


!
 !.
)!"

 

!

""(
#

3#


 ,
6!
 

!   #    !!



!
3


!F1"
",
!!

!F0

!

" 




"
0,

!   # ð   


#

!F1


!F!

!
&

,

3
&

!

 !
!

&
 .
1


1#(

!2(
R)(
"!"(
,
"
N;?,:
-
N;?,9=
m  "    ! 
&   !4#  
1 !!" ! "#
!      
  #32 0  2 !
  ! " ,
m  " 46    & '
0. !46  !  !46 
" ,
O# '()'(*
m   ð . ! 0  !46 
   1 -  ) 1$ 0
!%  !  !4 
$0 )%, 4!  !
 "   1   "6.
 |   ð   !  
!    1,  "6
 ! 2  "  !,
?, |  ð  !   " &
 2'( !4) 6 -  !,
'()'(*

+    . #2
  " 6 24!!
$"# !%( 
2 " !2  2  1!
46 & !  ,
'(
m !! 11  3   &
9,  &  3  9 $ 9%. 11 ! "3
4"   0  !& 
   ! & ""!
11  ! @#
?,  &  3  ? $ ?%  &  
2", ! " 4)!   !) !
  !
:,  &  3  : $ :%.   
" & 2",
  
  
.
N;?,:
m 
 !0

)
!


)

!
m 
"

0

)

)
m 
"#
F6


 
m 
)

9;
-
9;;
)
m 

#
9

!"
?


"6!
 
m 
 

W
1
X
$F
!F!"



!!"
2
1
!F0


 %

W
1
X
$


06
!
0!%
  
  
.
N;?,:


5)!0

!(






1)
 2,



< (
ZB=(


!



!
1)
 2,


"

CB
-
9=9N
,
#
4

!

 

m   "# 46 !  $ 


 ! ! %, |!  &
 4 "!"   ,
m  )! 46 "! ! "  
#2  !4  !   0! 
! $ %,
m   3  " - "(  
!)! !    4 0!  ! ),
 !411"&( !! 116  ",  !
0&( !! "  ", !! 4&  !
!!,
#
4

!

 

|
"
!


"(
!
"
&




!!,
 
$


! !

*# !!
%,

1

"
"(
!


!
 



" 

"
0!

)!

" 

"

!
"


 0
>24

!

!
!0

)$


!!
&



(
!
1
>

" 

 0

!

"
!
" 
"

!
"
!

&


'
%,
#
4

!

 

m  )   " (   & 


.
9,  " " 4  !( ! 43   
 !!,    & 
"
?,     " !( ! 34 
!!,     ! " 
 "  6  "  4 !
O# '()
m #
"
!


  $



)%(
-
!
&

(,- 
2

9=;;
,


1#

9=;
T


 

9;;
2,
m 
"
" 
N
"

#0

!

3#

C

!F




C
!F

(
?


!
!0


2
$
BC
-
9=;;
%(

B


1


"
"

V!

&!
O#(,-
m ( .   . " - ( )   5)! 
)         0! 
&  1 9;; "6 $9N= "6 
!%,  !  F /ð   0 ð
 $#%,
m ( .  * 2  0"  =;; "6
$* 1 9;; "6%   " 
)  ) -  &  9; ), 
!  F /ð   0 ð  
h  ,
O#(,-
m ( .    9[[;( ! "   )! !
 1 N;?,: !& - ! "  G&
F #   /ð    ( !
9; <  $( )%,
m ( .   |  ð /ð      , !
 # 5)!  1)  2 9; <
EP,   !  F! 9; < EP  !
)! F!!  !0 5)!  " !
 11 "")!,   ""!
F 0" 9; < EP   ? ;;; "6,
((. h  


m (( .     )    
m 9;; < B $5)! | - B ( 0 :(
B% $| !%
m 9;; < P $5)! |  | - ? 
 0 =%
m 9;; < EP $2 ! ? 1)  2%, 
1)  2 "  !0  0"
 B;; "6,
#
M 0
.N;?,=
m &!   <     , !!
 ! 2 &.
@ )  B - 9C)
@ "  )  )( 0 #
@  !0   !02   ! #32
@ # 46  - >( M 0  3 
"$   -  !  "%
@ 0 ""!  " =;;; 
@    3   " !  )!( 1)
 2
@   # 9  ?  "6!  
#
M 0
.N;?,=
m |  



!
"
!

"



,

'


!!@(

)
 !
>
2

!
"





!41",

!411"1
!
"


!

!!

!),
 
| 9
&
&3

1"
-
| B
m 1

"0

| 9
m | 9
 
!
>
@ | 9
&

!
1"

!
 
@ 
1


|
-
|
$|
-
%
@ 
1
&

&

| B
@ | B
1

 

!41"

&



 
-
| 9
@ |9
!)6
!
>
 6
 

!4

R, |  R, | 1 " ð 232


R@E
„ 
m  R@E   #!0 
 1"2 
1!
)  !
"  $N;?,99%(
" !F F
05 
 ,

m 
!0 .
#

1
R!
E!3

N;?,99)
)
99
) 

:;;" "


&"
&


N;?,990
)
=B
)  #2
$?C
) 
!%

)

12
?,B H
!
>2F-
:


  
" )!
 
N;?,99)
 B9
; 4ð ð$ 
N;?,99
$ 
NN;?@99%

m R 
!
!
)

12

?(B #H,
!

0!)



1!,
$R 
.
*!
!%,

R 

" 

3 

42 ".
@ 

46$|%.



)(
2
>

!
V!



!

1!

!
V!


1!,
!

" 
4
" 

(
4


#

4
!0!


0,
@ 


1!
&




N;?,99

1"
|  
; 4ð ð$ „  $„ „
 %

m |
 !0

|

!4#
4
(
!
1

1
!


!
 !0
!02
2


!4#
!!
24!!

 !


!


!
"6

!41"

!

!
 

""

!

 !0
#32
2

!4" !

#32


!
24!

&


!4!

 !
10
 !

 
,
 !0 
<

"#


-

&
2
.),



!
)



 !$
&(


+%
!46

 


< 0

!
"#

 
, ð.

m 
$5)!
!
1

 %

m


3 
#
m .
1

!


!
5)!
" !
.< (



m<#

".

V!

4" '#
!
0!

1!#

!
 
m&.
"
4"


&
!
)


+   !
&
#32

 "

!
-
"
8

!
"

!!


2,


4

1!

!
0!,
"  !

#2
!"
!
")

U


,



&

""2

"'"
" 

2
!"
!
" 


 ,
|!
!
")


0"(
!
!
1"

0


1

!40"

!!,

 B=
 !0 S!
42 "
!

0!"
 


 (


$)%


""$ *#%,

 !0
&

!.
 .
5)!
|(
|(
E|(E)  2
.


-
2
ZB=

ZB=
)(
*#(


#
46
 

&0.



")

(



5)!

!

 (

!"

!


11

!





1
&.

!
#)

!
*# ")


4

!
36"
2

#

&
 !0 

!
!
@|
4



 $"!




@  .

(
1)
 2
@ 


3 
M 0
@ 
.
Z
B=$ 
%



$E%
 !0
&
@ 



1!

!
0!
 !0 
 

  !   ( #2  06 !


0! &   ! 0! - !  &, !
40  4  !0 &,  #(  !
" \ >  "    
"#  "#( ! 1 24  
!4 ")   "  !4,  !
!  "" "  @
! 0   "#     
" !" 24! 40  U !0,
 !0 "!!

 B[

|!
 ||
m  !   ")!  60!  
 0 ! "" 
! 2 "    

m !  ! 3   ! 


1! ! ""( " # - 
&0  ! 2!  & 24! 11,

|!
 ||
m  ||$" ! |!
|!%  ) 4  "
!4     )
!,  !  || & 
) -  1"!!  !  &
  1  ! E $2 E
""% " )!  !
0"  !, " ! E ][9 
|  E N=B  !

6!


 ||
a a "
| E (!( E|(
|(||(
&
=(C

]
|(
|
| (
P


  |
| &
B
  |
 |
| &
:
|
|
|
*M
 #

E

| 

& 9

?
|||

6!


 ||
m & 9  ? .  & ! ! ! -
!4# #,  &.
@ | . ! ! !
@ |||.    !
@ E. E)  ) 1
m & :.  2  !.
@ |$ ! |!% "  1
!    !  !02 
 
@  |. " !4) "2  |
@ |. 0 1" |!

6!


 ||
m |
$&
 ! |!%

"
4)!
!
 

!4

#32

!4
!02
m  |
$
!
0
|!%

"

!!
!
1"

4

2
&
!

!
"


"0


6!


 ||
m &
B.


&
!
!
 |
2
11


!

1
1)!

,
|

$

|!%
2
11

1

"

0""
m &
=.

&
| $
" | !!%

"

#

#
 
!
6



!

 !
1,
m &
].
0 
!
 !
.
m E $*M
1!
&%7
!$"!
"!
|!%
E|$E!
1
|!%7
|$" !

"!
1
|!%7
||$
|
11
|!%7

|$  "


|!%

|$
" !

*M
0"
|!%

0
|
m 

|B



:?
)

2

"
4&
?:?

|,
m 

|C



9?N
)

2

"
4&
?9?N

|,
m 
!!

1!

|B
m 


 ||

"#

'

1

2
!


!2!
!


&,

|
m 

<

!
1
,
m 

|

&




? "a "a

1

 1
V
$9%
 
|


"!


|

 

&

!
1"


B
)!
 


,

#2
)!



&!
" 

;


?==,
!


"!
,
PPPP,PPPP,PPPP,PPPP


)

&
!
)!
"!

)
.
;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;
" !.
9;,9;,9;,9
$
"!%

;;;;9;9;,;;;;9;9;,;;;;9;9;,;;;;;;;9$

)%



|
m 
11
!
4
|.
!


|

&

2
!.
% 
!

|
?"a "a


Q
!
"
$N
)%

Q
!
:

$?B
)%
? "a

N
) 

Q
?B
)



|
m !

,
 )   1    1 - ; 
4&   ! !!,
@  ")  #V  4 |  
. $?:?@N @ ?%
@  ") 4   ! . $?N@9 @
?%
  |  !     
  0 !!



|
m !

,
"
1
;;;;;;;;Q;
"
 
;9999999Q9?]
4\


|



!
(

!!

" 

;

9?],
" !.
9;,;,;,;





!

,

1U




.


" !
9;,


9;,;,;,;



|
m 

!6

!
.
;,;,;,;

!

!
10
 ||
9?],;,;,;

!(




!
)M
)%
!
<
|
?"a  "a


Q
" 
!
?
"
$9C
)%

Q
!
?

$9C
)%



|
m !
<
,

?
)


1

 
1
-

9;

( 1 5"a
 

@ 
")

#V

4
|




!
<


.
$?:?@9C @ ?%
@ 
")
4


!
.
$?9C@? @?%
"
1
9;
;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;Q9?N,;
"
 
9;999999,99999999Q9[9,?==

|



!
<

!
"
)!


" 

9?N

9[9,
" !.
9?N,;,;,;



!
<



|
m !
.
!

"
)




1
-.99;
(  ?"a '"a



?9
) 


.
N
)

@ 
")

#V

4
|



!



.

$?:?@?B @ ?%
@ 
")
4


!
.
$??B@: @?%
"
1
99;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;Q9[?,;,;
"
 
99;99999,99999999,99999999Q??:,?==,?==

|



!


!
"
)!

" 

9[?

??:,
" !.
9?N,;,;,;



!




|
m !
.
!
2
"
)




1
-.999;

( ( ?"a '"a




?;
) 


.
N
)

@ 
")

#V

4
|



!




.
$?:?@?B @ ?%
@ 
")
4


!
.
$??B@B @?%
"
1
999;;;;;,;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;Q??B,;,;
"
 
999;9999,99999999,99999999Q?:[,?==,?==

|



!


!
"
)!

" 

??B


?:[,
" !.
??=,;,;,;



!
,

!




0
|
"! ,

!


0



"#
!6

!

"

")!


"#
&!
0
!
"'"




 


"'"
0 



|
m !
.
!
2
"
)




1
-
9999
 ( ?"a '"a


?;
) 


.
N
)

@ 
")

#V

4
|



!




.
$?:?@?B @ ?%
@ 
")
4


!
.
$??B@B @?%

"
1
9999;;;;,;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;Q?B;,;,;
"
 
99999999,99999999,99999999Q?==,?==,?==

|

!


!!"
 !,

<.


!
!
(<


2


!

!
10

 ||


 ^

 
m ")


:?
),


"2


!
)




1
-
9


!
)





1
-
;,
m 
"2
"

"#



!




11
-


!4|

#V,
m 
W  X
!02
)

!4

!

"#

!
"2
"

&

!4
.
m " !.| 
!

9[?,9CN,9;,9 
"M ?==,?==,?==,;




9[?,9CN,9;,;


 ^

 
m 
!# 
$!! "
0%
m !
.
99999999,;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;,;;;;;;;;
m .
?==,;,;,;
|
9;,;,;,;
!# 
.
9;,;,;,;N

2.
?==,;,;,;

m !
<.
?==,?==,;,;

9C
m !
.
?==,?==,?==,;

?B


 ^

 
m |
!4

11(
!
"#
"


!
)



-
9,


2




" !
9[?,9CN,9;,?==
m  E
_

 E
|
!


!
"2


!

|
!
<

!
"2


!
<
|
!

!
"2


!

2
.
 "

?:? |


 ^

 
m 
2
!

|
!


2
!
<
2
!

|
!
< 2
!

2
!
<
2
!

" !
9[?,9CN,9;,;9C
?==,?==,;,;


.
9[?,9CN,;,;


11
9[?,9CN,?==,?==

4
|
)!

&
m |
@ !

9;,;,;,;
-
9;,?==,?==,?==
@ !
<
9]?,9C,;,;
-
9]?,:?,;,;
@ !

9[?,9CN,;,;
-
9[?,9CN,?==,?==


|

#


!0


)!2
4
)!


 
$
&)!
!0# ) M%

m #


|


 


)

")
4#V
" !
9[?,99CN,9;,;?B
 




1U
-
&
B




#2


" 
C?
"#,
&
.

0"

?BN
 
.
CB
#V

CB
#V CB
#V

CB
#V


 
$
&)!
!0# ) M%

m |
0"


|
(


!

"2,

&
!





).
m ?==,?==,?==,;;;;;;;;

" 

)

#


?==,?==,?==,;;;;;;;;
,99;;;;;;
|


")

V
&


")
4#V.
?C @?QC?
V


 
$
&)!
!0# ) M%

m 

")



Q
? &

!

")

)
" 

#

m 
")
Q
?? Q
B
m 
2


.
9[?,9CN,9;,;?C
9[?,9CN,9;,CB?C
9[?,9CN,9;,9?N?C
9[?,9CN,9;,9[??C


 
$
&)!
!0# ) M%

m <.
!
4

""
4!
!
9

$) -
;%
!

!

!

0
m 



!





4

!


2



11

`
&
!!

0

|
m !

!0!
|M 

Évaluer