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"Simulation des systèmes électroniques de

puissance : une approche mécatronique"

Telteu-Nedelcu, Dan

Abstract
Classiquement deux approches sont utilisées pour simuler les systèmes
électroniques de puissance. La première, dite à topologie fixe, assimile les
semi-conducteurs à des impédances de faible ou forte valeur en fonction de
leur état. Les équations topologiques du système restent ainsi inchangées.
Malgré sa simplicité, cette approche pose de sérieux problèmes de compromis
entre précision des résultats et stabilité des méthodes numériques d'intégration.
La deuxième, dite à topologie variable, assimile les semi-conducteurs à des
connexions qui s'établissent ou disparaissent en fonction de l'état des semi-
conducteurs. Il n'y a plus de problèmes de stabilité d'intégration ou de précision
mais les équations topologiques du système sont dépendantes de l'état des
interrupteurs. La détermination des conditions de transition (commutations) et la
ré-écriture des équations sont des points délicats. Dans ce travail nous proposons
une nouvelle approche, dite �...

Document type : Thèse (Dissertation)

Référence bibliographique
Telteu-Nedelcu, Dan. Simulation des systèmes électroniques de puissance : une approche
mécatronique.  Prom. : Fisette, Paul ; Grenier, Damien

Available at:
http://hdl.handle.net/2078.1/5025
[Downloaded 2018/09/21 at 11:03:15 ]
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B L = K < L M @< DYc B O H < J @ Zl0B B @ U#U @ M O = CP< ‚ L P< B @ U< D ‚?@ = N L M O =UGAƒ D = @H O PP< =G @G @
¿ o ‚ÑG @,H O =G DH C L O =H ƒ @ U C0G L M @,d D< =G B ƒ L =U C < = C0O € B <,C @ =U L O = @ U CP< ‚ L P< B @(@ C0O €
B @#C M < =U L U C O M(G O L C,H O D T@ M,B @ H O D M < = C(P< ‚ L P D Pi\ U LAB <H ‡< M J @T@ D C,ˆ C M @#< U U L P L B K @
 D = @#U L PT B @#M K U L U C < =H @H O =U C < = C @ _ Z
S O P P@ B @H O P TAO M C @ P @ = C#G W =< PL d D @G @ UC M < =U L U C O M UG @C @ H ‡ = O B O J L @h » m E
bl6>O DI [f(>@ U C(U L P L B < L M @ ` B @#H ‡ O L ‚‰ =< BG D5C M < =U L U C O M6U @ M <… < L C(< T M „ U0B @H < B H D B
C ‡ @ M PL d D @ Z S @ B <U D T TAO U @#G @#TO D N O L M(T M K G K C @ M PL = @ M,G @… < ¶ O =5T M K H L U @B @ U6TA@ M C @ U Z
S @ U @ M <#B @M ë B @#G @B < U L P D B < C L O =Z
·p Ò Ù W ôV®9
ö PGQ P;Q R ööR U Ù!Ø9V T [ Uô R ô V Y T
D1
ilampe D2 ilampe

T
e uT
Rl

D3 D4

Commande
rapprochée

commande ON/OFF (extérieure)

*
Régulateur ilampe

Ä Å Æ Ç È É"Ë Ë Ë?ÍW × È Ç Ð × Ç È É%A Ç=Ð Ø Ö × È š Ô ÉÏ Ð × Å ï A ÇGÐ Ø Ç È Ï Ö ×


›á àhghîê(i"è é å!ð é ãë ì$j äæãëð çõî
÷ û   )þ ø     û ü ú øGþ /ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  þ   ÿ; ÿ  ø;û   ý øGþ
ù ù  ø ý ù ÿ 
 ÿ   9þ ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  ø ÿ     ù"   %#     ;ý ;ý )ø=ý   ù ù )û øGù  ü  ÿ ú ø  þ ø
ý ø  ý   ø      ø ù ù  ø ø  ÿ*  ù ù  ø   ý    ú =ù <   øGý   ú   ø -"  þ
ù ù 
 ø %  ø  ÿ ø ù ù ø=þ ø=þ ú û    ù ù )û øþ 9û    ÿ?þ øý Gý )ø        ú ø*  -ø  ø  ý ø
 ø   ÿ   þ + ø  Î  ù   øý )øþ + ø  ) ) );bœ - É ý-ø ù ÿ=ú  þ ø  ÿ  ø;ý
  
ÿ ø  ý ý ø;þ ø;ÿ ø )ù=þ    ÿý ø  ø ý#ý ø;ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  ø ù ÿGþ )ùù <   øGý   ú   øGø ù ÿ ý   ù
     ÿ     ø ý ý  ý ø þ û    ÿ + ø  ÿ=þ øù û    ø 
Ì%8 ÿ  ý  ù  ÿ=ý øû   ÿ  Ä ý ø û ÿ  #þ
û    ÿ 8 ý  û  øþ
ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ     8)ø ÿ
þ  ù ÿ    ø Gÿ    ù  ü ù ø ù 5  ø   ø    øþ   ÿ=ý  ø ý ý ø;ý øÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  =ø ù ÿGù ÿ  ú 
 øGþ ø    øGþ   ÿ?ý  ø ý ý øý ø=ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  ?ø ù %ÿ    ÿ ø  9þ )ù-ý <   øý   ú   øý ø
ÿ ø )$ù  ú û ø ù ù   ø û    ÿ  ?þ ú û   Á ÿ  ø O )ù 
< ú  =ø $ÿ  øÿ    ù   øþ   ÿ
ý  ø ý ý ø=ý øGÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  ø ù ÿ=û   ý  ÿ ø ø  ÿ  ý  ú 
Ì%
û  ø  -û  )û ø   øý  ü ù øþ øù ÿ  ÿ   
þ ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ    ý øù    ý-þ øû  
! )þ øþ ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  =ø ù ÿ #    -þ ø;ý
ø  ÿ ú   ø =ø ÿ=ø ù ÿGù & )û ü     ù úù =ý ø  ù ù  ø
 "< ú  þ øGý ;ÿ ø )ù   ! ú ù ø 8*  þ ø=ÿ ü &   ù ÿ  %  ø  ù ø -  ÷ ;þ  ú øGþ ø;û ø ÿ ÿ ø  ü ù ø
   ù ø=ý   ù ù )û ø=ÿ  )ù  ù ø Gý Gý )ø  %÷
 ý  ÿ )þ øGþ 9ù    ý)þ øGû  ! )þ ø
þ   ÿ ; ÿ  ø;ù û9ù ø  ÿ   )þ ø   ù ù  ø ý ù ÿ  ÿ   /þ /ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ   
÷   ù  øý +   ÿ  ÿ ú9 þ
ú  ø    øù  ü  ÿ ú 
ø 9ú ÿ 
ú #   !
ø ý 9ý )ø #ý ø9ù    ý
þ ø9û  ! )þ øþ ÿ  )ù  ù ÿ  Gþ   ÿGý
ø  ø Gø ,<   øý   ú   ø Ì%, þ øý   ú   ø 
ý øû    ÿGþ øþ   
þ )ùý øû ù=þ
/ß Í.  ÌY#þ øû  ý ý ø û ÿ ø Gþ )ù=ý øû ù=þ

É  1|YIø ù ÿ      ÿ     ø ý ;ý ;ÿ ø )ù   +   ý ý ø  ù   û ø V 5
G

IC = gf s (VG − VT h )
* Î Æ -
Ö [ Z Š õ Z-[ U)[ Z W#V R ‹ õ GP Q P ô?X-P T V P ô=Q [ UôZ PV T [ Uô R ô V Y T ·p Ï

Cde logique
ON/OFF

Échantillonneur/
bloqueur

Ch Régulateur
RD1
PI

Amplifications Amplificateur
RD2
linéaire de
puissance
-15V Capteur
de
courant

Ž   ‘ ’ “?½ • Ï?–=±)£ œ ˜ ’ ¼ ¢ “¦ ™ ˜  } š ‘=™ £ ‘ ’ ¦ œ ˜%Ð  ™ ¹ ¡  =¦š “?¥ ’  œ ™  ¥ “


aO D M,O c C @ = L M,D = @G K H M O L U U < =H @#B L = K < L M @ G DŠH O D M < = C ` B <N < B @ D M,L = L C L < B @ G @
G O L CH O M M @ U TO =G M @ < DYG K c D C#G @ B <G K U U < C D M < C L O =?G D?C M < =U L U C O M Z G O L C,@ =U D VL C G@
G L P L = D @ M6B L = K < L M @ P @ = CV DU d Dƒ B <,N < B @ D M6G @(c B O H < J @(G DC M < =U L U C O M VZ GS @ C C @,G K H M O L U E
U < =H @(G @0B <6C @ =U L O = G O L CU @0… < L M @0@ =#D =#C @ P TUT M O TAO M C L O = = @ B 6B <(N < B @ D ML = L C L < B @
G D†H O D M < = C Z ^ <5N < B V@ D GM#L = L C L < B @G D†H O D M < = CTA@ D C#ˆ C M @P@ U D M K @T< M#@ ‚ @ P T B @ ` @ =
D C L B L U < = C(D =5K H ‡< = C L B B O = = @ D M E c B O d D @ D M#\ ‰ J D M @ ¿ Z Ò _ U è ¦ °0´ Ç ¶ A¤ V Z µ;µ Q¶
S @ C C @N < B @ D M#K H ‡< = C L B B O = = K @G K H M O ‹ C@ =U D L C @T< MB <5G K H ‡< M J @G @B <5H < T< H L C K
G @5P< L = C L @ = G < =U @C Z ^ <?T M @ PL „ M @5T< M C L @5G @?H @ C C @?G K H M O L U U < =H @
@ ‚ TO = = @ = C L @ B B C@ hT@ D Cˆ C M R@ D1H O =U L G RK MD2 K @ H O PP @ B L = K < L M @ Z ^ < C @ =U L O =Y< D ‚cO M = @ U,G @
… O D M = L C,< L =U LAB < N < B @ D M(G @#M K … K M @ =H @#G D?H O D M < = C Z
Ch
S @ C C @N < B @ D M#@ U C H O PT< M K @5B <N < B @ D M#P @ U D M K @ Z](=ŠM K J D B < C @ D M G @C W T@a0I
… O D M = L C(@ =5… O =H C L O =5G @#B ƒ @ M M @ D M6B <#N < B @ D M,G @C @ =U L O =5G @#J M L B B @# < T T B L d D @ M Z
;(„ Ud D @#B @ H O D M < = CG @ B <B < P T@U ƒ < = = D B @ ` B @ C M < =U L U C O M,U @#c B O d D @H O PT B „ C @ E
P@ = C#\ d D LM @ T M K U @ = C @,B < C M O L U L „ P@,T ‡< U @#G @… O =H C L O = = @ P@ = C _ Z

÷^ tvu # /6Y#"5# *# 2 5&i$&(' 4 &(1A&('É$5#"'½ &31#"5' '#b


!#1

;(D M < = C,D =ŠH W H B @G @ … O =H C L O = = @ P@ = C\ D = @G @ PL E TK M L O G @G DYM K U @ < D _ ` O =ŠG L U E
C L = J D @#G < =U6B @C M < =U L U C O M#X
‚ G @ U6T@ M C @ U(G @#H O =G DH C L O =;„
‚ G @ U6TA@ M C @ U,G @ H O P P D C < C L O =ŠX B ƒ < PO M ¶ < J @U @#… < L U < = C, B ƒ L =U C < = C,G @#T< U U < J @
T< M6 K M O G @B <#C @ =U L O =< D ‚cO M = @ U6G DC M < =U L U C O M ` H @ U0T@ M C @ U(H O M M @ U TO =G @ = C
·p ä Ù W ôV®9
ö PGQ P;Q R ööR U Ù!Ø9V T [ Uô R ô V Y T
@ U U @ = C L @ B B @ P @ = C,< D5c B OH < J @\  B L PL C Kž _ G D5C M < =U L U C O M„
di/dt
^ @ U6T@ M C @ U(#B ƒ K C < C(c B O d D K\ G D @ U(< D ‚5H O D M < = C U6G @#… D L C @#U @ M O = C6= K J B L J K @ U _ Z
» =5= O C @X
‚ Vp ` B <#N < B @ D M,G @#H M ˆ C @#G @#B < C @ =U L O =?G D5M K U @ < D;„
‚ Ip ` B <6N < B @ D MG @6H M ˆ C @6G D H O D M < = CG < =UAB <6B < P TA@,\ TO D MD = @(G D M K @6G @6H O = G DH E
C L O =?G D5C M < =U L U C O M(G @ · o o ‚ _ „
‚ VT ` B <H ‡ D C @#G @#C @ =U L O =?< D ‚cAO M = @ U6G D5C M < =U L U C O M,U < C D M K?„
‚ α ` B @C @ P TU,G @#H O =G DH C L O =5@ =5PO G @#U < C D M K#G D5C M < =U L U C O M `
ON

‚ τl ` B <G D M K @#G @#G K H M O L U U < =H @#G D?H O D M < = C Z


l0=5D C L B L U < = C,H @ U6= O C < C L O =U ` B @ U6T@ M C @ U(G @#H O =G DH C L O =PO W @ = = @ U6T@ D N @ = ,
C ˆCM@
@ ‚ T M L P K @ U(H O P P@#U D L C#X

1 α
VTON .Ip \ ¿ Zp _
Z
pON = VTON .Ip .sinωt dωt = (1 − cosα)
π 0 π
l0=?U D T TAO U < = C,d D @B @ H O D M < = ( C G < =U6B @C M < =U L U C O ( M @ C(B <#C @ =U L O =?< D ‚cO M = @ U(G @
H @ B D L E H L6O = C D = @N < M L < C L O =ŠB L = K < L M @5U D M B ƒ L = C @ M N < B B @ ` B <5T D L U U < =H @L =U C < = C < = K @
τl
G L U U L TAK @#G < =U6B @C M < =U L U C O M(@ U C(G O = = K @T< M#X

\ ¿ Z¿ _
· ¸
(t − α) (t − α)
pCOM = Vp .sin(α + τl ). .Ip .sinα. 1 −
τl τl
l0B B @?@ U CP< ‚ L P< B @?TAO D M ¨ Z6aO D MD = @YB < PT@YG @ · o o o
…À@ CD = @
G D M K @G @H O =G DH C L O =YG DYC tM < p =U L αU C O MG τ@ l /2¿ o ‚ ` B <T D L U U < =H @ G @H M ˆ C @#N < D C,@ = N L M O =
¿o=o …Å\ ‰ J D M @ ¿ Z Ï _ Z S @ C C @(T D L U U < =H @6L =U C < = C < = K @,< J L C0U D M0B ƒ L PTK G < =H @6C ‡ @ M PL d D @
C M < =U L C O L M @#G DC M < =U L U C O M Z
^ ƒ K = @ M J L @#G L U U L TK @#G < =U6B @#C M < =U L U C O M6@ = C M @ @ C#\ ¨ _ @ U C#X
α α τl
¸ ·
R α+τl (t − α) (t − α)
ECOM = Vp .sin(α + τl ). τl .Ip .sinα. 1 − τl dt
α \ ¿ ZÒ _
= Vp .Ip .sin(α + τl ).sinα. τ6l
^ <T D L U U < =H 
@ G D @< D ‚YH O P P D C < C L O = U#d D @B @C M < =U L U C O M#G L U U L T@@ =ŠP O W @ = = @
U ƒ O c C L @ = C(@ =5P#D B C L T B L < = C T< M,n O € @ U C(B < … M K d D @ =H @#G D5M K U @ < DYX
ECOM f f
τl \ ¿ ZÏ _
PCOM = Vp .Ip .f.sin(α + τl ).sinα.
3
aO D 6
M D = , @ B < P TA@G @ · o o oG… ` D = @H O P P< =G @G @H O =G DH C L O =5G DC M < =U L U C O M6G @
¿ o ‚ ` B@ , U T@ M C @ UG @H O =G DH C L O =?N < B @ = C#< T T M O ‚ L P< C L N @ P @ = C,p/…%U LO =YH O =U L G „ M @
H @d D L6H O M M @ U TO =G M < L C,TO D MD =Yh » m bl6>ɁD = @ N < B @ D M#G @
VT = 2V RDS
G @ ON
Z ON

0, 5Ω
Ö [ Z Š õ Z-[ U)[ Z W#V R ‹ õ GP Q P ô?X-P T V P ô=Q [ UôZ PV T [ Uô R ô V Y T ·p Á

Pcom
UT ˜ V p

Ilampe ˜ Ip
Ilampe, uT

a t

0 0.001 0.002 0.003 0.004 0.005 0.006 0.007 0.008 0.009 0.01
temps [s]

Ž   ‘ ’ “½ • Ô?–{ ² £ ¢ ‘ ˜  £ œGš “ ¥ “ ’ ˜ “ -š “-™ £   ‘ ˜ ¦ ˜  £ œ=š ¦ œ ¢ “-˜ ’ ¦ œ    ˜ £ ’
^ @ U(N < B @ D M U6= D PK M L d D @ U,G @ U(TA@ M C @ U(M @ U C @ = C,C M „ U,< T T M O ‚ L P< C L N @ U(H < M,B <M K U L U E
C < =H @#G @B <#B < PT@N < M L @,… O M C @ P @ = C,< N @ H,B < C @ PTK M < C D M @ Z I BA@ =5N < G O =HG @P ˆ P @
G @B <N < B @ D MG DŠH O D M < = C< DYP O P@ = C#G @U <H O D T D M @ Z ^ <N < B @ D M#G @ B <M K U L U C < =H @
G @#B < B < PT@T@ D C(ˆ C M @@ ‚ T M L P K @#H O PP @X
\ ¿ Zä _
R = R0 .[1 + β(T − T0 )]
O €ŠX
‚ @ U CB @6H O @ ŒH L @ = CG @6N < M L < C L O =#G @6B <(M K U L U C < =H @0… O =H C L O = G @0B <(C @ PTK M < C D M @ `
β
‚ B <ŠC @ PTK M < C D M @Š< P#c L < = C @Šd D @?= O DU5U D T TO U O =UH O = U C < = C @?@ CK J < B @Y
T0
 o o â `
‚ T B <#C @ P TK M < C D M @#G @B <#B < P T@ `
‚ R0 B <M K U L U C < =H @… M O L GÉG @†B <B < PT@Ñ\ TO D MYB <B < PT@G @ · o o oe… ` 
 o o âÑ= O DU(< N O =U  `n ¿ … _ Z
l0=TU 0D p T TO U < = C0d D @(B <B < PT@6R@ 0U C0p D =H O M TU= O L M ` B <,N < M L < C L O =G @,U <,C @ P TK M < C D M @
@ U C,G O = = K @T< M#X
dT 1 £ 4
¤ \ ¿ ZÁ _
= pel − kr (T − T0 )
dt cv
O €ŠX
‚ @ U C(B <H ‡< B @ D M,U TAK H L ‰d D @#G @#B < B < PT@ `
‚
cv
@ U C6B <#T D L U U < =H @,K B @ H C M L d D @,M @ ¶ D @,T< M(B <#B < P T@ ` \ @ =?U D T TO E
U < = C(d D @C O D C @ H @ C C @T D L U U < =H @@ U C(C M < =U … O M P K @@ =?pH el‡< p B @ D uM _ í ` R
2
pel

‚ @ U C(B @ H O @ ŒH L @ = C(G @#M < W O = = @ P@ = C,G @B < B < PT@ `
kr
·¿o Ù W ôV®9
ö PGQ P;Q R ööR U Ù!Ø9V T [ Uô R ô V Y T
l0= H O P#c L =< = C6\ ¿ Z ä _ @ C6\ ¿ Z Á _ ` B <(C @ P TK M < C D M @6G @6B <(B < PT@6T@ D Cˆ C M @0@ ‚ T M L P K @,X

u2 \¿ Z· o _
· ¸
dT 1
= − kr (T − T0 )4
dt cv R0 .[1 + β(T − T0 )]
@ G < =U(B @#C M < =U L U C O M `
aO D M,D = @ @ U C L P< C L O =?M L J O D M @ DU @#G @#B < T D L U U < =H @ G L U U L TK
L B(… < D CG O =HT M @ =G M @5@ =H O PT C @B <?N < M L < C L O =G @5B <YM K U L U C < = H @5G @5B <?B < P TA@@ =
… O =H C L O =?G @B <#C @ P TK M < C D M @ Z

÷^ “    !#"Å" ?-.(1 2&i$&u :'!#  !#"Å1&6&(" 5&

;,< =U,H @ d D LU D L C ` = O DU(T M O TO U O =U(GAƒ D C L B L U @ M,B ƒ < B J O M L C ‡ P@#G @ U L P#D B < C L O =?T M O E
TAO U K5< DH ‡< T L C M @  TO D MU L P D B @ M B @… O =H C L O = = @ P@ = CG DG L PP @ M T M O T O U K ` < ‰ =
GAƒ @ U C L P@ M,B @ U6T@ M C @ U,G < =U6B @C M < =U L U C O M Z

øg lg fÞª¬s|½x l|=lx z o {?n lu u t=rn l#t=u


;,< =UB ƒ < T T M O H ‡ @Yd D @?= O DU< N O =UT M O TO U KY< DH ‡< T L C M @  ` D =L = C @ M M D T C @ D M
K B @ H C M O = L d D @?G @T D L U U < =H @5= @TO D N < L C< N O L Md D @5G @ D ‚ŠK C < C U5XD =†K C < C T< U U < = C
\ G D M < = C,B @ d D @ BL BK C < L C,PO G K B L U K H O P P@#D = @U O D M H @ G @ C @ =U L O =YG @ N < B @ D M,= D B B @ _
@ C0D =K C < C0c B O d D K#\ G D M < = C6B @ d D @ BL BK C < L C0P O G K B L U KH O PP @,D = @,U O D M H @,G @H O D M < = C
G @#N < B @ D M(= D B B @ _ Z ^ < H O P P D C < C L O =5@ = C M @#H @ U(G @ D ‚K C < C U6K C < L C,H O =U L G K M K @#H O PP @
L =U C < = C < = K @ Z
aO D M6B ƒ < T T B L H < C L O =H O =U L G K M K @,L H L ` L B= O DU0… < D C(G L U C L = J D @ M6C M O L U0K C < C U(G DC M < = E
U L U C O M(@ C,G O =H,C M O L U6PO G „ B @ U(U DH H @ U U L … U Z
^ <T M @ PL „ M @ T ‡< U @ @ U CH < M < H C K M L U K @ T< M,D =YK C < C#U < C D M KG DYC M < =U L U C O M Z m LO =
N @ D C0T M @ =G M @,K J < B @ P@ = C0@ =H O P T C @,B @ UT@ M C @ U0G @H O =G DH C L O = ` B @,P O G „ B @G DC M < = E
U L U C O M(G K T@ =G M < G DC W T@#G @,C M < =U L U C O M0D C L B L U K\ I [f(>†O D5h » m bl6> _ Z ;,< =U6B @H < U
GAƒ D =I [#f6> ` L BT@ D C6ˆ C M @P O G K B L U K#H O PP @D = @#U O D M H @G @C @ =U L O =5G @N < B @ D M6K J < B @
5B <5C @ =U L O =†G @5U < C D M < C L O =ŠH O B B @ H C @ D M E K P @ C C @ D M Z;< =UB @H < U#GAƒ D =†h » m bl6>½L B
TA@ D C(ˆ C M @P OG K B L U KH O P P@D = @M K U L U C < =H @#G @… < L c B @N < B @ D M ` K J < B @##B <#M K U L U C < =H @
G M < L = E U O D M H @(,B ƒ K C < CT< U U < = C0G DC M < =U L U C O M(\ _ Z S @ UTA@ M C @ UT< M6H O =G DH C L O =
K C < = CH @ TA@ =G < = C= K J B L J @ < c B @ U@ CB @6C W T@(G @6C M R< =DS ON
U L U C O MT< UA@ =H O M @6H ‡ O L U L H @(U C < G @
G @ B ƒ K C DG @ = O DU,H O = C L = D @ M O =U,G < =U,D =?T M @ PL @ M,C @ P TUPO G K B L U @ M,B @ C M < =U L U C O M
U < C D M KT< M(D = @ U O D M H @#G @C @ =U L O =5G @#N < B @ D M(= D B B @\ N O L M(‰ J D M @ ¿ Z ä Z _ Z
a@ =G < = C0B <,T ‡< U @(G @,G K H M O L U U < =H @6B L = K < L M @(G DH O D M < = C0G < =UB <,B a< P T@ ` B @(C M < = E
U L U C O M@ = C M @,G < =UU <( O = @6B L = K < L M @ Z aO D MB @6PO G K B L U @ M ` O = T@ D C0H O =U L G K M @ M0G < =UD =
T M @ PL @ M,C @ P TUd D @ B <M K J D B < C L O =YG DYH O D M < = C,@ U C,T M K U @ = C @#@ C,… O =H C L O = = @ T< M … < L E
C @ P @ = C Z ^ @,C M < =U L U C O M0T@ D C(< B O M U0ˆ C M @,M @ P T B < H K,T< M6D = @U O D M H @,G @H O D M < = C6< D C O E
= O P@#G O = C(B <#N < B @ D M6@ U C6T M O TAO M C L O = = @ B B @#B < H O =U L J = @G @H O D M < = C\ ‰ J D M @ ¿ Z ä Z _ `
b
Ù R
ö õ Z [ V R Y U/UAõ öó T R ‹ õ GP Q P=Z [ô Y Z õ V R Y U/T P V P UAõ P ·¿ ·

lampe lampe *
ilampe(t) = i ref(t) lampe

uT = 0 iT = 0
e e

a) transistor saturé, modélisé b) transistor actif, modélisé par c) transistor bloqué, modélisé
par une source de tension nulle une source de courant non-nulle par une source de courant nulle

Ž   ‘ ’ “½ • ?–¿G£ š Ÿ ¢ “?š “?¢ ›  œ ˜ “ ’ ’ ‘ ¥ ˜ “ ‘ ’™ £ ’ ’ “  ¥ £ œ š ¦ œ ˜-¦ ‘ s=˜ ’ £  ¥ ¹ ¦  “ š “ } £ œ ™ ˜  £ œ œ “  “ œ ˜
U O L C5G O =H?ŠB <ŠN < B @ D ML = L C L < B @YG DyH O D M < = C< DP O P@ = C5G @?B <†H O PP#D C < C L O =
Ip
P D B C L T B L K @#T< M Z
^ <,C M O L U L „ P (1 − t/τ )
@(T ‡< U @,1H O M M @ U TAO =G < Dc B O H < J @(G DC M < =U L U C O M Z ;(D M < = C6H @ C C @(T ‡< U @
B @ C M < =U L U C O M,T@ D C,ˆ C M @ PO G K B L U K H O P P@ D = @U O D M H @G @H O D M < = CG @ N < B @ D M,= D B B @
\ ‰ J D M @ ¿ Z ä Z _ Z F(O DU6= K J B L J @ O =U6@ =5@ Ž@ C(B @ U(H O D M < = C U(G @… D L C @ Z
c

øg lg ©¥Òo Söt=x wn o s?{=q


^ @(C M < =U L U C O M6H O = C L = D @,G O =H,ˆ C M @(P OG K B L U K,< B C @ M =< C L N @ P@ = C0T< M6G @ U0U O D M H @ U
G 6 @ C @ =U L O =U0\ H < UU < C D M K _ @ C0G @(H O D M < = C6\  O = @0B L = K < L M @0@ CK C < Cc B O d D K _ Z a0< MM < T TO M C
B ƒ < B J O M L C ‡ P@#G K H M L C< DYH ‡< T L C M @  ` B <U @ D B @ G L ŽK M @ =H @ U @ U L C D @< D5= L N @ < D?G @ B <
N < B @ D M,G @B < U O D M H @G @ H O D M < = C,d D L ` TA@ =G < = C(B @T< U U < J @T< M(B <  O = @B L = K < L M @ ` @ U C
= O = E = D B B @ @ C,B L K @B <N < B @ D M#G DŠH O D M < = CB ƒ L =U C < = C#G @G K c D C#G @H O PP#D C < C L O =Z
¸ D< =GB @C M < =U L U C O M(@ U C(c B O d D K ` B < N < B @ D M(G @ H @ C C @#U O D M H @G @ N L @ = C(= D B B @ Z
aO D M,U L P#D B @ M(B @#G L P P@ M(T M O TO U K ` = O DU(= @#H O =U L G K M @ M O =U6d D @ G @ D ‚K C < C UX
‚ T< U U < = C6O €5B @C M < =U L U C O M6@ U C(PO G K B L U KT< M(D = @#U O D M H @G @#C @ =U L O =5= D B B @ `
‚ c B O d D K0O D@ =#H O D M UG @0c B O H < J @0O €L B @ U CAPO G K B L U K0T< MD = @6U O D M H @6G @6H O D M < = C Z
^ < N < B @ D M(G @ H @ C C @#U O D M H @G @ H O D M < = C6@ U C,G O = = K @T< M#X

\¿ Z· · _
³ ´
t
(
iref
lampe = Ip . 1 − τl si iref
lampe > 0
i=
0, si iref
lampe ≤0
l0=D C L B L U < = CB @5PO G „ B @†÷ U O D M H @ U ÷ TAO D MB @?C M < =U L U C O M ` O =<ŠU L P#D B K?B @5… O =H E
C L O = = @ P@ = C ` = O C < PP @ = CB @ UT@ M C @ UG @H O P P D C < C L O =YTO D M#D = @H ‡< M J @ M K U L U C L N @
K N O B D< = C0< N @ H6B <C @ PTK M < C D M @ ` G K H M L C @(T< M,\ ¿ Z ä _ @ C(\ ¿ Z · o _ Z aO D M6H @ C C @,U L P#D B < C L O = `
B < T D L U U < =H @ G @#B < B < P TA@#@ U C(C O D V O D M U · o o o…Å@ C(B <H O D T D M @ G @ H O D M < = C,U @#… < L C
B L = K < L M @ P@ = C(U D M6D =C @ P TU p o o U Z ^ <#… O M P @#G D5H O D M < = C6G < =U6B <#B < P T@@ U C
T M K U @ = C K @#U D M(B < ‰ J D M @ ¿ Z Á TτlO D p M(D = @#µG D M K @ G @#H O =G DH C L O =5G D?C M < =U L U C O M(G @ ¿ o ‚
\ U O L C ¿ PU _ Z
·¿n Ù W ôV®9
ö PGQ P;Q R ööR U Ù!Ø9V T [ Uô R ô V Y T
8 8

6 6

4 4

2 2
Ilampe [A]

0 0

llampe [A]
-2 -2

-4 -4

-6 -6

-8 -8
0.458 0.46 0.462 0.464 0.466 0.468 0.47 0.472 0.474 0.476 0.478 0.4648 0.465 0.4652 0.4654 0.4656 0.4658 0.466
temps [s] temps [s]

a) b)

Ž   ‘ ’ “?½ • o?–=—   ‘ ¢ ¦ ˜  £ œ=š ‘=š    “ ’)“ œ=‘ ˜  ¢   ¦ œ ˜#¢ “- £ š ¡ ¢ “ µ  £ ‘ ’ ™ “  µ
^ @ UT@ M C @ U0G @(H O P P D C < C L O =5\ ‰ J D M @ ¿ Z · o _ U O = C0H < B H D B K @ UTO D MT B DU L @ D M UC @ P TU
G @H O =G DH C L O =YG D?C M < =U L U C O M Zg(L =U L ` = O DU< N O =U,GAƒ < cO M G?H O =U L G K M K d D @ B @ C M < = E
U L U C O M6H O =G D L C · o o ‚½\ · o PU G @ P LA< B C @ M =< =H @ _ T@ = G < = C ¿ TK M L O G @ U0G DM K U @ < D< ‰ =
G @H ‡< D Ž@ MB <B < P T@ ZAg(T M „ í Uo ` · U \ B O M U d D @ B <B < PT@ @ U C@ =YM K J L P @ C ‡ @ M PL d D @ _
= O DU6< N O =U0H O =U L G K M K,d D @(B @(C @ PTU6G @,H O =G DH C L O =G DC M < =U L U C O M0G L P L = D @G @ · o ‚
C O D C @ U6B @ U(o ` pU Z
» =H O =U C < C @d D @,B @ UTA@ M C @ U6G @H O PP#D C < C L O =5U O = C0P< ‚ L P< B @ UTO D M6D = @G D M K @
G @#H O =G DH C L O =5G @p o ‚)\ pPU _ @ C6= O =5G @ ¿ o ‚½H O PP @@ U C L PKT M K H K G @ PP @ = C\ H … Z
U @ H C LO = ¿ Z _ Z
S @ H LT M O N L @ = CG D?… < L C,d Dƒ  ¿ o ‚)G @H O =G DH C L O = ` B < C @ P TAK M < C D M @ G @#B < B < P T@
@ U C T B DU#K B @ N K @d Dƒ 5p o ‚uG @5H O =G DH C L O =ZI B0@ =ŠN <?G @Pˆ P@TO D M#B <N < B @ D M G @
B <M K U L U C < =H @ Z ^ @H O D M < = CH O D T@ M @ U CG O =H#T B DU,L P TO M C < = C,TO D MD =YC @ P TU
G @5H O =G DH C L O =†G @p o ‚ud D @TAO D M ¿ o I‚ p
Z;,< =U#B @P ˆ P@C @ P TU ` B @ U#C @ =U L O =U#< D ‚
cAO M = @ U(G D?C M < =U L U C O M(@ = C M @ PU(@ C PU,U O = C,G D?P ˆ P @
α40% = 4 α40% + τ1 = 4, 4
O M G M @#G @J M < =G @ D M,d D @#H @ B B @ U6@ = C M @ PU6@ C PU Z
α
O D M#=D = 5@5G D M K @αG50%
» = ` M @ P< M d D @ M <K J < B @ P @ = C d D @T50% @H + O =τG 1D=H C L 5,O =Š
4
G @ ¿ o ‚uG D
C M < =U L U C O M ` L B W <(D = @(G L ŽK M @ =H @(G @ · o ‚@ = C M @6B @ UTA@ M C @ UH < B H D B K @ U< =< B W C L d D @ P@ = C
@ C#H @ B B @ UO c C @ = D @ UT< M#U L P#D B < C L O =ZAh?< B J M K B @… < L C#d D @H @ C C @ T D L U U < =H @< N < L CK C K
U D M @ U C L P K @B O M U6G D?H < B H D B< =< B W C L d D @\ B @C @ M P@@ =?U L =\ _ < N < L C6K C K= K J B L J K _ `
B <?= O =†T M L U @@ =H O P T C @?G @5B ƒ @ Ž@ CG @5B <?N < M L < C L O =G @5αB <? + τl
C @ P TK M < C D M @5G D @?< D ‚
N < M L < C L O =U0G DC @ PTU6G @H O =G D H C L O =G DC M < =U L U C O M6H O =G D L C(D = @U O DU0@ U C L P< C L O =
G @ U#T@ M C @ U@ Ž@ H C L N @ U G @5H O PP#D C < C L O =Z ^ <YU L P#D B < C L O =Š= D PK M L d D @T@ M P@ CG O =H
G @G L U TO U @ M0GAƒ D = @(@ U C L P< C L O =G @ UT@ M C @ U0U D ŒU < P P@ = C0T M K H L U @(TO D M0@ = N L U < J @ MD =
G L P @ =U L O = = @ P@ = C(C ‡ @ M PL d D @ G DC M < =U L U C O M,#D C L B L U @ M Z
Ø=R ö/P Uô R Y U U#P ö9P U#VV ×#P T öR ‹ õ P ·¿

600

500

400
Pertes [W]

300

200

100

0
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 4
temps [s]

Ž   ‘ ’ “½ • ” q?–=¾ “ ’ ˜ “ š “-™ £   ‘ ˜ ¦ ˜  £ œ=“ œ } £ œ ™ ˜  £ œGš “?¢ ¦?š ‘ ’ ¡ “?š “-™ £ œ š ‘ ™ ˜  £ œGš ‘=˜ ’ ¦ œ    ˜ £ ’
÷^ ÷hŸ  -&("' !#"5"&,-&(" ½95&(1- 2&
øg ø g fúù/R=s?o T |=t n u w-{=q o q n s?u
aO D M,@ U C L P @ MB ƒ K H ‡< D Ž@ P @ = CG @ B <#V O =H C L O =YG ƒŠ< D ‚5T@ M C @ UG @H O P P D C < C L O =
O5 = T@ D C(D C L B L U @ M(B ƒ L PTK G < =H @C ‡ @ M P L d D @C M < =U L C O L M @ Z a0< M,U O DH LAG @#U L PT B L ‰ E
Zthjc
H < C L O = ` O =?< U U L P L B @#B @ U(TA@ M C @ U,D = @#L P T D B U L O =YG @ G D M K @ p o o U ` G @#N < B @ D M
H O M M @ U TO =G < = C,< D?P< ‚ L P D PiG @ B <T D L U U < =H @G L U U L TK @ ` τl p ¿ ¿ oµ …æ@ CU @#M K E
pDM p
TAK C < = C,#D = @#… M K d D @ =H @#G @ · o o k( Z
l0=5… O =H C L O =?G @B < C @ PTK M < C D M @#G D5cO ‹ C L @ M ` O =5<5X
Tcase
\¿ Z· n _
Tj = Zthjc .pDM + Tcase
O€ @ U C6B < C @ PTK M < C D M @#G @#B <V O =H C L O =?G D5C M < =U L U C O M Z
· ¿ o   S,` @ =
Tj
S @ C C @#C @ PTK M < C D M @#G @,V O =H C L O =5= @#TO D N < = C(T< U(G K T< U U @ M
Tj p
U D T TO U < = C0d D @0B <(C @ P TK M < C D M @6G D cO ‹ C L @ M@ U C0H O =U C < = C @\ B @6M < G L < C @ D M U D MB @ d D @ B B @
max

C M < =U L U C O M@ U C0T B < H K,< U U D M @(D = @(L = @ M C L @(C ‡ @ M PL d D @,U D ŒU < = C @ _ ` O =T@ D C0@ =G K G D L M @
B < N < B @ D M(P< ‚ L P#D Pu< G P L U U L c B @TO D M(B @ U6T@ M C @ U(G @#H O P P#D C < C L O =ŠX

Tjmax − Tcase 150 − Tcase \¿ Z·  _


pDM max = =
Zthjc Zthjc
·¿p Ù W ôV®9
ö PGQ P;Q R ööR U Ù!Ø9V T [ Uô R ô V Y T
Il [A]
(a = p/2) PDM [W]
25 2000
MOSFET IRFP 460 A (500V/20A) théorique
22.5 1800 expérimental
20 1600
17.5 1400
15 1200
12.5 1000
IGBT IRG4PC40S (600V/31A)
10 800
7.5 600
5 400

2.5 200
0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
Tcase

Ž   ‘ ’ “;½ • ” ”=–±)£  ¥ ¦ ’ ¦   £ œš ‘™ £ ‘ ’ ¦ œ ˜= =¦ s   ‘  ™ £   =¦ œ š ¦ º ¢ “=¥ £ ‘ ’š “ ‘ s˜ ’ ¦ œ    ˜ £ ’ =“ œ
} £ œ ™ ˜  £ œGš “?¢ ¦?˜ “  ¥ ¡ ’ ¦ ˜ ‘ ’ “š ‘Gº £ Þ ˜  “ ’
aO D M?TAO D N O L M?C M < =H ‡ @ M?@ = C M @†D =ÑC M < =U L U C O MŠG @C @ H ‡ = O B O J L @h » m bl6>O D
I [#f(> ` = O DU(< N O =U,H O PT< M K `  C L C M @ GAƒ @ ‚ @ PT B @ ` B @ H O D M < = C(P< ‚ L P D PuH O PP< = E
G < c B @T< M,G @ D ‚C M < =U L U C O M U6< W < = C(G @ U(H < M < H C K M L U C L d D @ U6T M O H ‡ @ U6B ƒ D =?G @B ƒ < D C M @X
‚ h » m bl6>C W T@I j,ba0p Ò o g ` < N @ H X
‚ C @ =U L O =?; S H O P P D C < c B @ ¿ o o  `
‚ H O D M < = C(G @#G M < L =?H O = C L = D?n og `
‚ H O D M < = C(G @#G M < L =5T D B U K ä o g `
‚ B ƒ L PTK G < =H @0C ‡ @ M P L d D @C M < =U L C O L M @(\ V O =H C L O = E cO ‹ C L @ M _ Zthjc p o ` o ¿ ¿   S í … `
‚ cO ‹ C L @ M,> » E n p Ï g S Z
‚ I [#f6>C W T@I j([,p a S p o mA` < N @ H X
‚ C @ =U L O =?; S H O P P D C < c B @ Ò o o  `
‚ H O D M < = C(G @#G M < L =?H O = C L = D  · g `
‚ H O D M < = C(G @#G M < L =5T D B U K · n o g `
‚ B ƒ L PTK G < =H @0C ‡ @ M P L d D @C M < =U L C O L M @(\ V O =H C L O = E cO ‹ C L @ M _ Zthjc p o ` ·  o|  S í … `
‚ cO ‹ C L @ M,> » E n p Ï g S Z
^ <‰ J D M @ ¿ Z · · G O = = @B ƒ K N O B D C L O =†G @ @ =Š… O =H C L O =†G @ TO D MB @ U
G @ D ‚†C M < =U L U C O M U Z ^ @ U M K U D B C < C U C ‡ K O M L d D p@ DM max
U#O = CK C K5N < B L G K U @ ‚ TK M TL P @ = C < B @ P@ = C
case

T< M,G @ U6@ U U < L U(< B B < = CV DU d Dƒ #B < G @ U C M DH C L O =?G @ U6C M < =U L U C O M U Z
l0=#U D T TO U < = Cd D @B @0cO ‹ C L @ M@ U CAP< L = C @ = D#6D = @0C @ P TAK M < C D M @6G @ ä o   S,` B ƒ I [f(>
@ U C#H < T< c B @ G @G L U U L T@ M@ = N L M O = ¿ p  o …æC < =G L Ud D @ B @h » m bl6>y@ U C#H < T< c B @ G @
Ö Y U#Š Z õ ô R Y Uô ·¿¿
G L U U L TA@ M · n Ï ¿ …ÑZ » =H O =U C < C @Yd D @ ` P< B J M K?B @ UT@ M C @ U » FuU @ =U L c B @ P@ = CT B DU
K B @ N K @ U ` B @Šh » m bl6>un o gu@ U C5H < T< c B @YG @ŠH O PP#D C @ M5D =yH O D M < = CU D TK M L @ D M5
B ƒ I [f(>  · gÑ@ CH @ @ =?M < L U O =?G @U <c@ < DH O D T?T B DU,… < L c B @ L P TK G < =H @ C ‡ @ M P L d D @ Z
l0=YM < L U O =YG @ T@ M C @ U,T< M#H O =G DH C L O =YT B DU,K B @ N K @ U ` O =YH ‡ O L U L C,@ =?@ Ž@ C#5H O D M < = C
K J < BAD = @ U D M … < H @#G @ U L B L H L D P3c@ < DH O D T5T B DU(L PTO M C < = C @#TO D M(D =Yh » m bl6>yd D @
TAO D M(D =5I [f(>Z
[,M ù H @YŠB <†U L P#D B < C L O = ` = O DU< N O =UK C < c B Ld D @?T< M P L,B @ U5G @ D ‚C M < =U L U C O M U
H < =G L G < C U ` U @ D BB @h » m bl6>@ U C6H < T< c B @,G @,H O D T@ M0B @H O D M < = C6G @(B <B < PT@,D = @
N L C @ U U @L PTO U K @?\ Pˆ P@5U L6B @H < B L c M @@ =†H O D M < = C G @B ƒ I [#f6>½@ U C#c@ < DH O D TŠT B DU
L P TAO M C < = C _ Z ^ ƒ D C L B L U < C L O =5GAƒ D =PO G „ B @,L G K < BAG @,C M < =U L U C O M,\ U O D M H @ U6G @,C @ =U L O =@ C
G @,H O D M < = C _ <,T@ M P L UG @(P@ C C M @6@ = K N L G @ =H @(B @(T< M < P„ C M @(H M L C L d D @(G < =U0H @,H ‡ O L ‚ `
U < N O L M6B ƒ L P TK G < =H @#C ‡ @ M P L d D @C M < =U L C O L M @(V O =H C L O = E cO ‹ C L @ M Z

øg øg ©m¡w-x o |Gwn o s?{ l Tr;€#u o Sl{?n w-x l


^ @ U#M K U D B C < C U#C ‡ K O M L d D @ U < L =U L6O c C @ = DU#O = C K C K5N < B L G K U#@ ‚ TK M L P @ = C < B @ P @ = C Z
^ @ C M < =U L U C O M,D C L B L U KG < =U,B @ c< =H GAƒ @ U U < L@ U CG @ C W T@h » m bl6>Ñ@ CL B0<H O PP @
H ‡< M J @D = @B < P T@ G @ · † …ÉZ
m D MB <Y‰ J D M @ ¿ Z · n?= O DUH O P T< M O =U#B @ U … O M P @ U GAƒ O =G @?G DH O D M < = CG < =U B <
B < P TA@#O c C @ = D @ U(@ ‚ TK M L P @ = C < B @ P@ = C \ U D M,B @#c< =H#GAƒ @ U U < L _ H @ B B @ U,O c C @ = D @ U,T< M
U L P D B < C L O =Z
l0=?H O P T< M < = C6B @ U,G @ D ‚5H O D M c@ U6O =?H O = U C < C @#d D @ ` TO D M,H @ C C @ < T T B L H < C L O = ` B @
PO G „ B @#GAƒ L = C @ M M D T C @ D M,H O =U L G K M K@ U C,U D ŒU < = C6TAO D M(< =< B W U @ M6B < G W =< PL d D @K B @ H E
C M L d D @ G DYU W U C „ P@ Z](= @ K N @ = C D @ B B @ U L P D B < C L O =?d D LT M @ =G@ =YH O PT C @#D =?P OG „ B @
T B DU(G K C < L B B K G D5C M < =U L U C O M6=ƒ @ U C(T< U6… O M H K P@ = C(= K H @ U U < L M @ Z
l0=YH O P T< M < = C(B @ U6‰ J D M @ U ¿ Z · · @ C ¿ Z ·  O =YH O =U C < C @#d Dƒ D =5C M < =U L U C O M,G @#C W T@
h » m bl6>yI j,ba0p Ò o gy@ U CH < T< c B @ G @G L PP @ M,D = @ B < PT@ G @ · † … ` H O =G L C L O =
d D @0B <6B < P T@6U O L CA@ =M K J L P @0C ‡ @ M P L d D @= O PL =< B < N < = CG @0B <(G L P P@ M Z ^ @0H ‡< D ŽA< J @
G @B <5B < P T@5G O L C ˆ C M @M K < B L U K< N @ HD = @5H O =G DH C L O =†G D†C M < =U L U C O M G @ · o o ‚uU D M
d D @ B d D @ U(< B C @ M =< =H @ U Z

÷^ vu !#"/6 5' !#"'

;,< =U(H @#H ‡< T L C M @,= O DU(< N O =U6T M K U @ = C KD = @#< T T B L H < C L O =5G @ U C L = K @#< D5G L PP L = J
G @6B ƒ K H B < L M < J @0… O D M = L T< MB @ UAB < P T@ U(L =H < = G @ U H @ =H @0D C L B L U K @ UG < =UAB @ UT M O V @ H C @ D M U
TAO D M,U < B B @ U,G @ U T@ H C < H B @ Z ^ <T< M C L H D B < M L C K#G @#C @ B U,U W U C „ P@ U,H O =U L U C @ G < =U6B @#… < L C
d D @#B < N L C @ U U @#G @#N < M L < C L O =5G D?H O D M < = C,G < =U6B <#B < P TA@#G O L C(ˆ C M @#L = … K M L @ D M @# D = @
H @ M C < L = @B L PL C @ Z
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8

Ilampe [A]
0

-2

-4

-6

-8
0.458 0.46 0.462 0.464 0.466 0.468 0.47 0.472 0.474 0.476 0.478
temps [s]

0
llampe [A]

-2

-4

-6

-8
0.4648 0.465 0.4652 0.4654 0.4656 0.4658 0.466
temps [s]

Ž   ‘ ’ “?½ • ” °?–±#£  ¥ ¦ ’ ¦   £ œ=“ œ ˜ ’ “-¢ “-™ £ ‘ ’ ¦ œ ˜š ¦ œ #¢ ¦?¢ ¦  ¥ “-£ º ˜ “ œ ‘G“ s ¥ ¡ ’   “ œ ˜ ¦ ¢ “  “ œ ˜#“ ˜#¥ ¦ ’
   ‘ ¢ ¦ ˜  £ œ
35

30

25

20
Ilampe[A]

15

10

-5

-10

-15
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.1
temps [s]

Ž   ‘ ’ “½ • ” ·?–=±)£ ‘ ’ ¦ œ ˜š “-š ¡  =¦ ’ ’ ¦  “?¥ £ ‘ ’‘ œ “?¢ ¦  ¥ “ } ’ £  š “


Ö Y U#Š Z õ ô R Y Uô ·¿ Ï
;,< =UB @ UU W U C „ P @ UH B < U U L d D @ UAB <(N L C @ U U @6G @6N < M L < C L O =#G D H O D M < = CK C < L CB L P L C K @(
B ƒ < L G @(GAƒ D = @6L =G DH C < =H @(P O = C K @(@ =U K M L @(< N @ H0B <,B < PT@ Z ;< =UB @(U W U C „ P@6T M K U @ = C K
G < =U6H @,H ‡< T L C M @(B <N L C @ U U @,G @,N < M L < C L O =G DH O D M < = C@ U C6H O = C M ë B K @,< H C L N @ P@ = C Z S @
H O = C M ë B @(@ U C0c< U K,U D M0B @,T< U U < J @6T M O B O = J K,GAƒ D =I [#f6>O Dh » m bl6>G < =UB < O = @
B L = K < L M @6G @(U <,H < M < H C K M L U C L d D @6G @6C M < =U … @ M C Z S @ H L L PT B L d D @6D = @0… O M C @(< D J P @ = C < C L O =
G @ U6T@ M C @ U(G @#H O P P D C < C L O =?G D5C M < =U L U C O M Z
](=#TO L = CG K B L H < CG @(H @ C C @(< T T B L H < C L O =#@ U CB @(H < B H D B G @ UT@ M C @ UG @(H O P P D C < C L O =
H < DU @ G @ B <… O M C @ N < M L < C L O =?G @ B <H ‡< M J @ ` d D @ H O =U C L C D @#B <B < PT@ ` @ =?… O =H C L O =
G @ U < C @ PTK M < C D M @ Z
](= @?T M @ P L „ M @5@ U C L P< C L O =< =< B W C L d D @YG @ UT@ M C @ U ` O €B <YB < P T@?K C < L C5H O =U L E
G K M K @H O P P@ D = @U L PT B @M K U L U C < =H @H O =U C < = C @ ` <T@ M PL UG @= K J B L J @ MB @ U,T@ M C @ U
G @#H O =G DH C L O =@ C,GAƒ < T T M O ‚ L P@ M6B @ U6T@ M C @ U(G @#H O PP#D C < C L O =Z ](= @#< T T M O ‚ L P< C L O =
T B DU(T M K H L U @#G @ H @ U(T@ M C @ U,< K C K#… < L C @#T< M(B <U L P D B < C L O =5O €5= O DU(< N O =U6P OG K B L U K
B <G W =< P L d D @C ‡ @ M P L d D @#G @B <#B < P TA@ Z
aO D M,H @ U(U L P#D B < C L O =U6= O DU(< N O =U6D C L B L U KB ƒ < B J O M L C ‡ P @T M O TO U K#< D5H ‡< T L C M @  Z
S @ C#< B J O M L C ‡ P@#@ U C,c< U K U D M,D = @H < M < H C K M L U C L d D @ GAƒ L = C @ M M D T C @ D MT< M … < L C \ H ‡ D C @ U
G @#C @ =U L O =?G L M @ H C @ U6@ C,H O D M < = C U(G @#… D L C @ U(= D B U ` H O P P D C < C L O =U(L =U C < = C < = K @ U _ Z » M
TAO D M0B <T M L U @,@ =5H O PT C @G @ U0T@ M C @ U6G @H O P P D C < C L O =L B… < D C(d D @,B @,T< U U < J @,@ = C M @
B ƒ K C < C » Fy@ C » bb†G D5C M < =U L U C O M6= @ U @… < U U @T B DU6L =U C < = C < = K P @ = C Z
l0=5U D T TO U < = C(d D @B @,M K J D B < C @ D M6@ U C(T< M … < L C6= O DU6TO D N O =U0PO G K B L U @ M6B @C M < = E
U L U C O M0G < =U0U <, O = @(B L = K < L M @(T< MD = @U O D M H @(G @,H O D M < = C0G O = CB <,N < B @ D M@ U C0T M O TO M E
C L O = = @ B B @,,D = @,H O =U L J = @ Z g(L =U L ` B @6C M < =U L U C O MM @ U C @6C O D V O D M UPO G K B L U K(H O P P@6D = @
U O D M H @ G O = CB <=< C D M @ H ‡< = J @#@ =?… O =H C L O =YG @U O =?K C < C\ U O D M H @G @ C @ =U L O =?= D B B @
TAO D M#B ƒ K C < C U < C D M K ` U O D M H @G @5H O D M < = CTO D M#B ƒ K C < C < H C L …(@ C#c B O d D K _ Z S @ T@ =G < = C
= O DU6TO D N O =U6< B B @ M6T B DU6B O L =@ C(T M @ =G M @@ =?H O P T C @D =5P O G „ B @#d D LAC L @ = C(H O P T C @
G @,B <G W =< PL d D @G DM K J D B < C @ D M@ C6G DC M < =U L U C O M,\ ‰ J D M @ ¿ Z · p _ Z g(L =U L B @(C M < =U L U C O M
T M K U @ = C @C M O L U6K C < C UX
‚ D =†K C < C T< U U < = C#O €†L B6T@ D C#ˆ C M @PO G K B L U KH O P P@D = @M K U L U C < =H @?\ B ƒ K d D L E
N < B @ = C(G @ _ „
RDS
‚ ON
D 5
= K C < (
C < H C L 
… O 5
€ L A
B TA@ D C(ˆ C M @P O G K B L U K#H O P P@D = @#U O D M H @#G @#H O D M < = C(G O = C
B <#N < B @ D M,G @ T@ =G5G @B <#C @ =U L O =?U D M,U <#J M L B B @@ C,G @ U < C M < =U H O =G DH C < =H @?„
‚ D =K C < C0c B O d D K(O € L BT@ D C0ˆ C M @(P OG K B L U K(H O P P@(D = @,U O D M H @,G @,H O D M < = C= D B Z
[,M ù H @6< D ‚#U L P D B < C L O =UA= O DU< N O =UAT D#PO = C M @ Md D @0T< M P L B @ UG @ D ‚C M < =U L U C O M U
T M O TO U K U ` U @ D BAB @ h » m bl6>y@ U CH < T< c B @#G @ G L U U L T@ M(B @ U(T@ M C @ U,G @ H O PP#D C < C L O = `
< U U @ K B @ N K @ U(G < =U6B @#H < U(G @ H @ C C @#< T T B L H < C L O =Z
S @ U6M K U D B C < C U6G @U L P#D B < C L O =O = C6K C K,N < B L G K U0@ ‚ TK M L P @ = C < B @ P@ = C ` U D M6D =5c< = H
GAƒ @ U U < LG @ · † …ÉZ ^ @ UG @ D ‚C M < =U L U C O M U O = CK C KYC @ U C K U ` @ =y< B B < = C#V DU d Dƒ ŠB @ D M
G @ U C M DH C L O =ŠC ‡ @ M PL d D @ Zl0=H O PT< M < = C#B @ U#M K U D B C < C U#G @?U L P#D B < C L O =†< D ‚ŠM @ B @ N K U
@ ‚ TK M L P @ = C < D ‚ ` = O DU< N O =U,P O = C M Kd D @ TAO D M#H @ C C @< T T B L H < C L O =YD =YPO G „ B @G K E
·¿ä Ù W ôV®9
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Etat bloqué
I = 0, UDS > 0
CDG I

Rg
Zone linéaire
VG > VTh ?
Non
UDS
CGS
VP VG
Oui
I > UDS/RDSON ?
Non

Saturation
Vp = k(Iref - I)

Oui
I < UDS/RDSON ?
Non

Zone linéaire

Oui Transistor bloqué Transistor actif Transistor saturé


I<0?
Non I=0 I = I(t) I = UDS/RDSON

Ž   ‘ ’ “?½ • ” »–¾ ’   “-“ œ=™ £  ¥ ˜ “?š “?¢ ¦?š ž œ ¦   ¤ ‘ “-š ‘=’ ¡  ‘ ¢ ¦ ˜ “ ‘ ’-“ ˜š ‘G˜ ’ ¦ œ    ˜ £ ’
C < L B B K#G @#C M < =U L U C O M6=ƒ K C < L C6T< U6= K H @ U U < L M @ Z