Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 16
Alexandria University Faculty of Engineering Depavtment of Production Eng LAS e on Materials Technology Second Year Time Allowed 3. hou Final Exam, May 2009 Answer the following questions: Specimen begins at (760 °C ) and that it has been held at this temperature long enough to have achieved a complete and homogeneous austenitic structure. (2) Rapidly cool to (350 °C ), hold for 10s, and quench to Foom temperature (©) Rapidly cool to (250 °C ), hold for 100 s, and qu lench to room temperature. () Rapidly cool to (650 °C ). hold for 20 s, rapidly cool to (400 °C) hold for 10°s, and quench to room temperature. Fig. (1) The complete isothermal transformation es TT =~ Evtectoldtemperatr 1400 diagram for an iron~carbon alloy of Fulectoid composition: A, austenite; B, bainile; M, martensite. P pearlite 2 Determine the carburizing time necessary to achieve a carbon concentration of 0.45 w% at a position 2 mn into an iron-carbon alloy that initially contains 0.2 wt% C. The Suiface concentration is to be maintained at 1.3 wt% C, and the treatment is to be conducted at 1000 °C. Use the diffusion data for y-Fe and the error function from the following Tables. (R= the gas constant, 8.31 Jémol-K) —erfz) 0.6420 06778 07112 07421 07707 0.7970 Diffusing Host Do(m*/s) Activation Energy Qu Specie: Metal Jimot 2.3.x 10% 148000 a. Define the following terms Phase — Structure — Alloy ~ Precipitate b What is a phase diagram? Draw a binary phase diagram between two metals with Partial solid solubility and show how the solubility decreases with cooling down the alloy. © What is the difference between two eutectic structures a+ b and a +f, 4. "Non-Hardenable alloy is a Non-heat treatable alloy’, explain this statement b. Stress relief, recrystallization and grain growth are three phenomena that occur during heat treatment of non-hardenable alloy. Draw a sketch showing the effect of heat treatment temperature on a binary alloy properties and the tempe ature Tange for each of the above mentioned phenomena. 3. Show by the help of phase diagram the precipitation formation during cooling down of an alloy of Ni-5% Al indicating the solution heat treatment and the Precipitation hardening ranges. b. "During precipitation hardening of a precipitation hardenable (PH) alloy Overaging may occur after several minutes but it may take several days to occur within the same alloy’. Explain this statement with the help of the relation between Aging Time and alloy strength (PH kinetics curve) (3) A copper-nicke! alloy of composition 70 W% NI-30 wt% Cu is slowly heated from a temperature of 1300°C. (a) At what temperature does the first liquid phase form? (b) What is the composition of this liquid phase? (c) Al what temperature does complete melting of the alloy occur? (4) Winatis the composition of the last solid remaining prior to complete melting? (b) Is it possible to have a copper-nickel alloy that, at equilibrium, consists of an @ phase of composition 37 wt% Ni - 63 wt% Cu, and also a liquid phase of Composition 20 wt% Ag - 80 wt% Cu ? If ‘SO, what will be the approximate. temperature of the alloy? If this is not possible, explain why. “Use the following Cu-Ni phase diagram’. Comoos tn ats Ni fa 50 160 : 2 ~ T 2800 7 2600 Soies ne A cylindrical rod of noncold-worked brass having an initial diameter of 6.4 mm (0.25 in.) is to be cold worked by drawing such that the cross-sectional area is reduced. It is required to have a cold-worked yield strength of al least 345 MPa *(50,000 psi) and a ductility in excess of 20%EL; in addition, a final diameter of £.1 mm (0.20 in.) is necessary. Describe the manner in which this procedure may be carried out using Figure (a),(b) and (c) in the following page. Alexandria Univer Second Year Faculty of Engineering May 2009 Production Engineering Dept. Mathematics 4 Duration: 3 hours Question a) Find the Laplace transform of the following functions: t @ Wet? (ii) fxe7* sin x dx 0 (ii) sin4t cos3t +2 sint cost (iv) tu(t-)) ) Find the inverse Laplace transform of the following functions: ( stl cin n( 24) s*-2s+2 s+2 ns Gi) = — (y— (s? +1) (82 +9) s(s? +1) Question a) Using Laplace transform, solve t y(t)=sint + 2 [y(x) cos(t ~ x) dx 0 b) Using Laplace transform, solve y"(t)-2y'(H+5 y(=0, y(0)=0, y'(0)=2 Question a) Find the angle between the vectors: 2jand b=i+k b) Given the points A(0,0,0) , B(I,1,1), C(,2,-1), find (i) the area of the triangle ABC. (ii) the equation of the plane containing the three points. Question (4° a) Given F +2x?k, find: (i) grad(divF) and (ii) div(cur! F) b) Find the magnitude of the maximum rate of change of the function f : ©) Show that the velocity vector F=3x7y?i-2xy>j+y4k describes an incompressible flow. : d) Given the vector function r=xi+yi+zk and the constant vector a=i+)+k, 7. (Hint: compute curl(r a) and 2(F=a)) 2 4 4x2+2yz” at the point P(1,2,-1) show, that curl(r @)=2 (Fx), where r= Page 1 of 2 Question(5): a) Given the force vector F = y? cosx i+(2 ysinx +e”) j+ye2k (i) Show that F forms a conservative field. (ii) Find the work done by the force F to move a particle from the point P,(0,0,1n2) to the point Px(F shIn2) cosx dx +(x? +2 ysinx)dy, where C b) Use Green's theorem to evaluate §. consists of the sides of the triangle whose vertices are (0,0), (0,1), (141). ©) Find the surface area of that portion of the plane 3x + 2y + 4z=12 in the first octant d) Verify Stokes’ theorem for F=yi+2xj+zk and S is that portion cf the plane 2=0 (xy-plane) within the cylinder x? + y Question(6): a) Test the following series for convergence: ao on OL ! sar at 2 3 b) Find the interval of convergence for the following power series: x + = + 5 c) Find the Fourier series expansion for the periodic function: f -2,-m