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Gengo French S1
You Had Better Bring a Short Sleeve T-Shirt

French English Vocabulary Grammar Points Cultural Insight

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French
Pilote Bonjour tous. Ici votre commandant de bord. Bienvenue l'aroport Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Paris, France. Il est 9 heures du matin, nous sommes lundi le 2 juin. La temprature est de 25C. Bon sjour tous.

Joe Manon Joe

25 degrs ? Ouh l. Il fait chaud. Oui. J'ai un T-Shirt manches courtes. Pas moi.

English
Pilot Hello everyone. It is the pilot. Welcome to the Roissy-Charles de Gaulle airport in Paris, France. It is nine o'clock in the morning, it is Monday, June the second. The temperature is 25C. Have a nice stay.

Joe Manon Joe

Twenty-five degrees? Oh. It is warm. Yes. I have a short sleeve t-shirt. Not me.

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Vocabulary
French bonjour tous lundi le temps temprature degrs le sjour avoir chaud(e) le T-shirt manches courtes faire English hello all, every Monday climate, weather temperature degrees stay to have hot, warm the short sleeve t-shirt to do, to make Class expression adjective, pronoun noun noun noun noun noun verb adjective noun verb Gender plural masculine masculine feminine masculine masculine masculine (feminine) masculine

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un commandant de bord a pilot, a captain noun masculine

Vocabulary Sample Sentences


Bonjour Madame. Ils sont tous sympas. Je fais les courses tous les samedis. Lundi, je vais Paris. Le lundi de pques est toujours un lundi. Le temps est froid. La temprature dpasse les 30 degrs. La temprature dpasse les 30 degrs. Les trangers vivant en France ont une carte de sjour. Lhtel est inclus dans votre sjour. Il a une voiture. J'ai trente-trois ans. Excusez-moi avez-vous du pain ? Mon th est trop chaud! Je fais un gteau. Je peux lui montrer comment le faire. Le commandant de bord est comptent. "Hello, ma'am." "They are all nice." "I go grocery shopping every Saturday." "I'm going to Paris on Monday." "Easter Monday is always on a Monday." "The climate is cold." "The temperature is over 30C." "The temperature is over 30C." "Foreigners living in France have a residence permit." "The hotel is included in your stay." "He has a car." "I am thirty-three years old." "Excuse me; do you have some bread?" "My tea is too hot!" "I am making a cake." "I can show him how to do it." "The pilote is competent."

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Grammar Points
The Focus of This Lesson Is on How to Say the Time, Temperature, and What You Own With the Verb Avoir ("to have"). Il est 9 heures du matin. "It is nine o'clock in the morning."

Time is a human concept shared universally. The conception of time is directly related to the conception of reality and therefore lifestyle. Because of this, we regard time differently from one country to another. Overall, in France, time is respected in business or personal life with a tolerance from ten to fifteen

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minutes. In other words, if you show up a few minutes late to a meeting or a dinner in a French household, nobody will hold it against you. On the contrary, if you regularly show up at the exact time, you may be the subject of jokes for being too rigid and not being flexible, if you are among people who feel comfortable enough around you to make fun of you.

So to make sure to understand what time it is when you ask a French speaker, follow these steps. Telling the Time

When telling the time, always use the neutral construction Il est ("it is") to announce the time as in the dialogue with Il est 9 heures du matin, followed by a number from one to twenty-four for the twenty-four hour time frame and from one to twelve for the twelve- hour time frame.

Number 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

French un deux trois quatre cinq six sept huit neuf dix onze douze treize quatorze quinze seize dix-sept dix-huit dix-neuf

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20 21 22 23 24 vingt vingt et un vingt-deux vingt-trois vingt-quatre

Using the Twenty-Four Hour Time Frame

Telling the full hour: Il est + time + heures.

For Example: French Il est 10 heures. Il est 13 heures. Il est 17 heures. Telling the time by half hour: Il est + time + heures + et demi.

For Example: French Il est 11 heures et demi. Il est 14 heures et demi. Il est 18 heures et demi. Telling the time by quarter before the hour: Il est + time + heures + moins le quart. For Example: French Il est 15 heures moins le quart. Il est 16 heures moins le quart. Il est 19 heures moins le quart. Telling the time by quarter after the hour: Il est + time + heures + et quart.

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For Example: French Il est 20 heures et quart. Il est 22 heures et quart. Il est 23 heures et quart. Using the Twelve-Hour Time Frame

Telling the time in the morning: Il est + time + heures + du matin.

For Example: French Il est 6 heures du matin. Il est 8 heures du matin. Il est 3 heures du matin. Telling the time in the afternoon: Il est + time + heures + de l'aprs-midi.

For Example: French Il est 1 heure 10 de l'aprs-midi. Il est 5 heures de l'aprs-midi. Il est 2 heures de l'aprs-midi. Language Focus: Midi ("noon") and minuit ("midnight") and Some Minutes

To tell the time in the middle of the day, use Il est midi ("It is noon.").

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To tell the time in the middle of the night, use Il est minuit ("It is midnight.") To tell the exact time, use Il est + numbers of hours + heures + numbers of minutes. For Example: 1:18 am French Il est 1 heure 18. Il est 13 heures 18. Il est 1 heure 18 du matin. 5:44 pm French Il est 5 heure 44. Il est 17 heures 44. Il est 5 heures 44 du matin. For midi or minuit: Il est midi/minuit + number of minutes.

For Example: 1. 12:12 p.m. Il est midi 12. "It is noon and 12 minutes." 2. 12:36 a.m. Il est minuit 36. "It is midnight and 36 minutes."

La temprature est de 25 degrs Celsius. ("It is twenty-five degrees Celsius.")

When arriving in a foreign country after hours and hours of flight, it is nice for the pilot to warn you

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about the exterior temperature as we see in the dialogue. Manon is prepared, as she tells Joe she has a t-shirt after the pilot announces the temperature with La temprature est de 25 degrs Celsius ("The temperature is 25 degrees Celsius.").

To tell the temperature, use: Temperature above freezing: La temperature est de + number + degrs. For Example: 1. La temprature est de 15 degrs. 2. La temprature est de 31 degrs.

Temperature below freezing: La temperature est de moins + number + degrs.

For Example: 1. La temprature est de moins 12 degrs. 2. La temprature est de moins 5 degrs.

Culture & Language Tip: Temperature equivalents - Fahrenheit vs. Celsius

F - 40 0

C - 40 -17.8

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5 32 41 50 68 95 200 348 -15 0 5 10 20 35 93 175

Another way we can announce the temperature is to use Il fait, literally "he does" but translated as "it is," followed by the temperature. 1. Temperature above freezing: Il fait + number + degrs. 2. Temperature below freezing: Il fait moins + number + degrs.

J'ai un T-shirt manches courtes. ("I have a short sleeve T-shirt.")

After the pilot announces the temperature, once the plane has landed in Paris, Manon feels relieved that she has the right clothes as she says J'ai un T-shirt manche courtes. "I have a short sleeve t-shirt." By using J'ai, she tells about what she possesses with the present tense form of the verb avoir "(to have").

In order for you to say what you possess, use: J'ai + article + noun. For Example: French J'ai une voiture. J'ai un fils. J'ai un appartement. "English" "I have a car." "I have a son." "I have an apartment."

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J'ai une valise. J'ai la rponse. J'ai le guide Michelin. "I have luggage." "I have the answer. "I have the Michelin guide."

Cultural Insight
French Currency

The Euro is the second currency for transaction after the dollar, and since 2006 is the first in numbers of bills circulating with 610 milliards d'euros.

The euro is implemented in bills and coins quite similar to the way of the American dollar in regards to the euro division for coins being in .01, .02, .05, .10, .20, .50, 1.0, and 2.0 euro cents and bills in 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200, and 500 euros. While in France, you will encounter coins with one side portraying a common design and the other a specific image for each European country that distributes them. Therefore, the coins from France will be slightly different on one side from the ones originating in the other European countries. Observe them and you will learn a lot about the culture and history of the country you are in.

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2011-01-31