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B1D1E1

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: Dunia Melalui Deria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B1D1E1: State The Various Defects Of Vision
Menamakan Pelbagai Jenis Kecacatan Penglihatan

1. List five defects of vision.


Senaraikan lima jenis kecacatan penglihatan.

i.

__________________________________

ii. __________________________________ iii. __________________________________ iv. __________________________________ v. __________________________________

Pentaksiran Tarikh

Pertama

Kedua

Ketiga

Disahkan Oleh, __________________________

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: Dunia Melalui Deria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B3D2E1: Labelling the structure of human ear, explain the function of each structure and explain the mechanism of hearing.
Melabel struktur telinga manusia, menerangkang fungsi struktur dan menjelaskan mekanisma pendengaran.

1. Label the structure of human ear. Labelkan struktur telinga manusia.

2. State the functions for the following ear parts. Nyatakan fungsi bagi bahagian telinga yang berikut. i. ii. Ear Pinna : ____________________________________________________________
Cuping telinga:

Ossicles:____________________________________________________________
Osikel :

iii.

Semi-circular canal: ___________________________________________________


Salur separuh Bulat:

iv.

Cochlea:____________________________________________________________
Koklea:

v.

Auditory nerve: Saraf auditori: Eardrum:


Gegendang Telinga:

____________________________________________________

vi.

____________________________________________________

3. Complete the flow chart of the hearing mechanism.


Lengkapkan carta alir bagi mekanisma pendengaran.

EAR PINNA
Cuping telinga

OSSICLES
Osikel

BRAIN
Otak

Pentaksiran Tarikh Disahkan Oleh, __________________________

Pertama

Kedua

Ketiga

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: Dunia Melalui Deria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B3D3E1: Labelling the structure of human eyes, explain the function of each structure and explain the mechanism of sight.
Melabel struktur mata manusia, menerangkang fungsi struktur dan menjelaskan mekanisma penglihatan.

1. Label the structure of human eyes. Labelkan struktur mata manusia.

2. State the functions for the following eye parts. Nyatakan fungsi bagi bahagian mata yang berikut. i. Retina:
Retina :

____________________________________________________________

ii.

Optical nerve:
Saraf optik:

____________________________________________________________

iii. iv.

Pupil:
Anak mata:

____________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________

Iris:
Iris:

3. Complete the flow chart of the sight mechanism.


Lengkapkan carta alir bagi mekanisma penglihatan.

CORNEA
Kornea

EYE LENS
Kanta mata

BRAIN
Otak

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: Dunia Melalui Deria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B3D4E1: Explain the stereoscopic and monocular vision and relate with the survival of animals.
Menjelaskan penglihatan stereoskopik dan manokular serta mengaitkan dengan kemandirian haiwan.

Characteristic
Ciri-ciri

Stereoscopic vision
Penglihatan stereoskopik

Monocular vision
Penglihatan monokular

Field of vision
Medan penglihatan

Stereoscopic field of vision (overlapping)

Monocular field of vision (overlapping)

Overlapping vision field


Pertindihan medan penglihatan

Advantages
kelebihan

Types of animals
Jenis haiwan

Examples of animals
Contoh haiwan

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: Dunia Melalui Deria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B4D5E1: Showing the shortsightedness, longsightedness, how to correct the defects and to identify optical illusion and blind spot through activity.
Menunjukkan rabun jauh, rabun dekat, cara membetulkannya dan mengenalpasti ilusi optik dan titik buta melalui aktiviti.

1. State the type of eye defects and the type of lenses use to overcome them.
Nyatakan jenis kecacatan mata dan jenis kanta untuk membetulkannya.

a)

Eye defect: _____________________________ Type of lens: ____________________________ Reason: i. ______________________________ ii. ______________________________

b) Eye defect: _____________________________ Type of lens: ____________________________ Reason: i. ______________________________ ii. ______________________________ 2. Identify optical illusion. Mengenalpasti ilusi optik.

i. Observe and study the diagram P,Q and R. The phenomenon in diagram P, Q and R, where we cannot see correctly is known as ______________________________. This phenomenon occurs when our brains cannot ________________________ the image correctly.

Perhatikan dan kaji rajah (a), (b) dan (c). Fenomena dimana kita tidak dapat melihat dengan betul dalam rajah (a), (b) dan (c) dikenali sebagai ______________________________. Kejadian ini berlaku apabila otak kita tidak dapat ______________________ perkara yang dilihat oleh mata kita dengan betul.

3.

+
With the right eye closed, the spot at the right is stared at by using the left eye. The paper is slowly moved towards your eye until the cross sign cannot be seen.
Dengan mata kanan ditutup, titik di sebelah kanan direnung dengan menggunakan mata kiri. Kertas didekatkan sehingga symbol tambah tidak dapat dilihat.

i.

ii. iii.

The cross sign cannot be seen when the image of the symbol falls on the _____________.
Simbol tambah tidak dapat dilihat apabila imej simbol ini terjatuh atas ______________________.

Blind spot is where the ____________________ connect the retina to the brain.
Titik buta ialah titik di mana _____________________ menyambungkan retina dengan otak.

Answers for B4D5E1

1. (a)

Eye defect: short-sightedness Type of lens: concave lens Reason: i. the eyeball is too long ii. the eye len is too thick

(b)

Eye defect: Long-sightedness Type of lens: convxe lens Reason: i. the eyeball is too short ii. the eye len is too thin

- Illusion optic - inteprete - blind spot - optic nerve

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: Dunia Melalui Deria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B4D6E1: Relate the producing, need of a medium for sound travel, reflection and absorption of sound through activity.
Menghubungkait penghasilan, keperluan medium untuk memindahan, pantulan dan penyerapan bunyi melalui aktiviti. PRODUCING SOUND BY VIBRATION

1. Fill the blanks with the correct answer


Isi tempat kosong dengan jawapan yang betul

Activity Aktiviti I. Pluck the guitar string Petik tali gitar itu.

Observation Pemerhatian The guitar string ______________ when it is plucked And produces_____________________
Tali gitar_________________ apabila dipetik dan menghasilkan ____________________

II. - Open the empty tin and stretch a plastic rubbish bag over the top securing it with a rubber band.
Buka tin penutup tin kosong dan regangkan beg sampah plastic di atasnya, pasangkannya dengan gelang getah.

- Put rice grains on the top and tap the stretched rubbish bag with a glass rod. Letakkan beras di
bahagian atas beg sampah yang telah diregangkan dan ketukkannya dengan rod kaca.

The rice grains____________________about when the stretched rubbish bag is tapped producing_______________
Beras ___________________apabila beg sampah palstik yang diregang itu diketuk dan menghasilkan_____________

III. Fill a test tube with some water.


Isikan sedikit air ke dalam tabung uji

Blow across the mouth of the test tube


Tiup merentasi mulut tabung uji

Sound ___________________when air is blown across the mouth of the test tube.
Bunyi ___________________ apabila udara ditiup merentasi mulut tabung uji.

Blow
Tiup

2. Fill the blanks with the correct answer Isi tempat kosong dengan jawapan yang betul

PROCEDURE: 1. Set up the apparatus as shown in the diagram on the right Susun radas seperti yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah di sebelah kanan. 2. Switch on the electric bell to hear its sound. Hidupkan suis elektrik dan bunyi loceng yang terhasil didengar. 3. Start the vacuum pumpto suck out the air and record your observations in the table provided. Hidupkan pam vakum untuk menyedut keluar udara dan catatkan pemerhatian anda dalam jadual yang disediakan.

Observation:
Pemerhatian

Situation

Observation

The switch of the electric bell is turned on. Suis loceng elektrik dihidupkan

Sound of the bell is _____________________. Bunyi loceng jelas ________________________.

The switch of the electric bell and the vacuum pump is turned on. Suis loceng elektrik dan pam vakum dihidupkan.

Sound of the bell become ____________________ and eventually is ___________________. Bunyi loceng menjadi semakin _______________ dan akhirnya _____________________.

Analysis: 1. What happened when all the air in the bell jar is removed? Apa yang berlaku apabila udara di dalam baling gas disingkirkan? The sound of the bell is ______________________________. Bunyi loceng ________________________. 2. What medium is needed for sound to travel in this activity? Apakah medium yang diperlukan untuk pemindahan bunyi dalam aktiviti ini? ________________________________________________ 3. Can sound travel through outer space?Give your reason. Bolehkah bunyi dipindahkan melalui angkasa lepas?berikan alas an anda. __________. Sound ________________ travel in a _________________. _____________. Bunyi ____________________ dipindahkan melalui _______________________.

3. Answer the question below by refer to the diagram given. Jawab soalan dibawah dengan merujuk kepada gambar rajah yang diberikan

Asbestos sheet
Kepingan asbestos

Stopwatch
Jam randik

Paper tube Tiub kertas

1. Can your friend hear the ticking sound of the stopwatch?


Dapatkah rakan anda dengar bunyi detikan jam randik

___________________________________________________________________________ 2. What happen to the ticking sound of the stopwatch when it hits the cement floor?
Apakah yang berlaku kepada bunyi detikan jam randik apabila bunyi itu terkena pada lantai simen?

___________________________________________________________________________ 3. Which sound is louder , reflected from the cement floor or the newspaper?
Bunyi manakah yang lebih kuat, yang dipantulkan dari lantai simen atau surat khabar?

___________________________________________________________________________ 4. Which sound is louder ,reflected from the flat newspaper or the crumpled sheet of newspaper?
Bunyi manakah yang lebih kuat, yang dipantulkan dari helaian surat khabar yang rata atau helaian surat khabar yang renyuk?

___________________________________________________________________________

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: Dunia Melalui Deria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B4D6E2: Relate the stereophonic hearing with the direction of sound through activity.
Menghubungkaitkan pendengaran stereophonic yang diperlukan dengan arah bunyi melalui aktiviti.

1. Was your friend able to guess correctly the direction of the sound with Dapatkah rakan anda meneka arah bunyi dengan betul apabila (a) One ear covered? ____________________ Satu telinga ditutup? (b) Both ears covered? ___________________ Kedua-dua telinga tidak ditutup

2. If the sound came from the left, which aer would the sound reach first? Jika bunyi datang dari kiri, ke telinga yang manakah akan bunyi sampai dahulu? __________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is the advantage of hearing with both ears? Apakah kelebihan mendengar dengan kedua-dua belah telinga? ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. What is the name given when we use both ears to hear? Apakah nama yang diberikan apabila kita mengguna kedua-dua telinga untuk mendengar? ___________________________________________________________________________

5. What is the advantage of stereophonic hearing to blind people? Apakah kelebihan pendengaran stereofonik kepada orang buta? __________________________________________________________________________ 6. What is the conclusion from this activity? Apakah kesimpulan daripada eksperimen ini? Stereophonic hearing allows us to determine the _________________ of a sound correctly. Pendenganran stereofonik membolehkan kita menentukan _____________ bunyi dengan betul.

Topic: The World Through Our Senses


Topik: DuniaMelaluiDeria Kita

Name: ______________________________ Form: ___________________________ Reference: B6D1E1: Presentation of scrap book about technology used in overcoming the limitation of sight and hearing
pembentangan hasil buku skrap mengenai alat teknologi yang sesuai untuk mengatasi masalah had deria penglihatan dan pendengaran.

You are required to carry out a research on technology in overcoming the limitation of sight and hearing including magnifying glass, microscope, telescope, binoculars, X-rays, Periscope, stethoscope, loudspeaker,etc. Collect information from books, internet and various resources and present your research in the form of a scrapbook. Your presentation should cover the following aspects of each technology. Youre given 1 month to complete this task. Your task must not less than 10 pages. Your scrap book included: Anda dikendaki menjalankan satu penyelidikan tentang alat teknologi yang digunakan untuk mengatasi had penglihatan dan pendengaran termasuk kanta pembesar ,mikroskop, teleskop, binocular, X-ray , periskop, stetoskop , alat pembesar suara dan sebagainya. Kumpulkan informasi daripada buku, internet, dan pelbagai aspek-aspek setiap teknologi berikut. Anda diberi masa sebulan untuk menyiapkan tugasan ini. Anda mesti membuat sekurag-kurangnya 10 muka surat. Buku skrap anda mesti mengandungi:
Content Isi kandungan Objectives Objektif

A labelled picture
Sebuah gambar rajah berlabel

An explanation on how it operates


Penerangan cara operasi

The principle of light or sound applied


Prinsip-prinsip cahaya atau bunyi yang diaplikasikan Conclusion Rumusan References Rujukan

Disahkan Oleh, __________________________