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IIM 112.2





1.25 \A 11.6





WEBSTER, N.Y. 14580 (716) 872-4503








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From the Seventeenth Century to the

present date.







Printed by J. J. Anslow, at the "Hants Journal" Office.






The following data with reference to the Mosher

Family, of which there are

many connections in the

county of Hants and other counties of the Province and

Canada, will be read with interest. They have been care- fully compiled by William Mosher, of Mosherville, Hants,

after considerable research and trouble.

Hzeziel Mosher, the Ancestor of the Mosher

Family in the United States and Canada.


EzEKiEL Mosher li -ed in Manchester, England,

according to the records, in the 17th century.


Mosher, his son, came to Rhode Island with Lydia

Maxon, his wife, in the 1 7th century ; also, Daniel and

family, and John, a bachelor, sons of the above Ezekiel.

Daniel and family and John were massacred by Indians.

The old man Ezekiel came out 'o Rhode Island soon

after his sons,

and died, leaving Hugh

his only heir

Chronological History of tne Mosher Family.

Hugh having one daughter and five sons, their names as follows: kebecca, John, James, Nicholas, Joseph and


Hugh, the son of Ezekiel, he being the second

generation from Ezekiel, died in 17 13.


Nicholas, of Hugh, had ten children, their names

being as follows:Hugh, born November i6th, 1690;

Joseph, born April 7th, 1692 ; Mercy, born December

i6th, 1695; Elizabeth, born April i6th, 1697; Thomas,

born February 26th, 1699; Nicholas, born January ist, 1702 ; Mercy, born July 6th, 1705 ; Rebecca, born March

20th, 1707; Ephraim, born March 5th, 1709; Margaret,

born January 17th, 171 2. As will be seen there were two

Mercys in the family ; the eldest died before the last was



son of Hugh,

had eight

children :


Rebecca, born December 28th, 1695 ; Philip, Jonathan,

Joseph, James, Ruth, Benjamin and William, the latter^ the youngest, born July 24th, 17 13.


Nicholas, of Nicholas, grandson of Hugh, had the following children : Freelove, Margaret, Mercy, Elizabeth,

Susannah, James, Nicholas^ Wilcox, Jabez, Rebecca and



James Mosher, son of the above Nicholas, married Lydia Allen and had the following children : Olive, who

married Capt. Jehu Rowland, in 1780, and did not come

Chronological History of the Morher Family.

to Nova Scotia with

the rest of the family.

She died in

Washington County, N. Y.y. March 19th, 1837. James

and Lydia and some three or four of the children who

were born at the date of their departure, 1760, came to

Nova Scotia and landed at a creek on the Avon River,

with several others from Rhode Island, and named the

place Newport Landing. The Post Office at that place is

ctill called Newport Landing, and the place re-named

Avondale by the late inhabitants.

James Mosher was

one of the seventy proprietors who took up the Township

of Newport, which comprised some twelve miles square,

more or less.

The family of the said James Mosher and

Lydia comprised Amy, Sarah, Jehu, Barzillai, Lydia,

Allen, Deliverance, Rhoda, Nicholas, Joseph, George and

Elizabeth ; the first four were born in Rhode Island, the

remainder in the Township of Newport. James Mosher was a millwright, and built the first mill in the Township

of Newport for grinding grain for the seventy proprietors,

which was built where Alexander Cochran now has mills

on the River Herbert.

October, 1761, but some accident happened and it was

The mill was to be finished in

not finished until the fall of 1762. John Chambers was

to attend the mill, and the agreement was to take a pint

less out of the grain per bushel than the inhabitants out-

side of the Township, Also the proprietors were to be

accommodated first, viz., two coming together, the pro- prietor would get his grist first.

Thomas Allen, a brother of Mrs. James Mosher,

came from Rhode Island when James and family emi-

He was one of the seventy pro-

grated to Nova Scotia.

prietors of the Township of Newport ; also John Anthony,


Chronological History of the Mosher Family.

who married Ruth Allen, a sister of Mrs. James Mosher,

but who was not one of the proprietors.

He settled in

Douglas, on the Kennetcook River, the first farm east of

the Township line, and bounding on said line of Township

between Newport and Douglas. Their family comprised

Noah, Alice, Annie, James, David, and John. They left

other children in Rhode Island.

Noah Anthony married



Agnes Harvie, a daughter of Amy Mosher and Archibald

Harvie. Alice Anthony married Ezekiel Marsters ; Annie

Anthony married John Burgess, and lived on north side

of Kennetcook River, near the mouth, now called Bur-

lington. John Anthony and Ruth died and were buried

on the farm, now called the Anthony burying-ground,

where many of their friends lie to-day, 1891.


Amy Mosher, of James and Lydia, married Archibald

Harvie, and had John, Robert, Nicholas, Archibald,

Barzillai, Agnes and Lydia.

The last named married

Archibald Harvie, who was blind of one eye, and went by

the name of blind Arch.

Sarah Mosher, of James and Lydia, married James

Campbell, and had the following : Gazelda, Archibald,

Colin, Malcolm, John, Daniel, Dougall, Mary, Amy, Sarah,

Lydia, Lucy, and Hannah.

Jehu Mosher, of James and Lydia, married Hannah

Greeno, and had Olive, Sarah, Lydia, Jehu, Daniel, James,

Nicholas, Allen, Reuben, Matilda, Priscilla, and Hannah.

In a short time Hannah Greeno died, and Jehu married

Eleanor Foley, and she had Noah, Ark, Branch, Rachel,


Chronological History of the Moshcr Family.

Nelson, Sarah Freelove, William, Martha, George H., and Wesley. Jehu had a farm near where his father landed,

and was quite a business man, and was very strong.

It is

said of him that he carried an anchor for a wager that

weighed nearly 500 pounds, thirty feet on a wharf.


was raised to his shoi'lder, and he walked the thirty feet.

Said he did not breathe while the anchor was on


shoulder, and his feet burst out through his thin shoes,

which were new.

This was all the harm done.


gained the bet, and lived until he was 97 years old.

Barzillai Mosher, of James and Lydia, married

Margaret Harvie, and had Barzillai, James, Archibald, Nicholas, Lydia, Joseph, Amy, John, Agnes, and Margaret.

The above Barzillai (of Barzillai) was a sea-captain.


was lost at sea, and nothing was ever heard of him or any

of the crew.

Windsor, N. S.

John was also a sea-captain, and died in

Lydia Mosher, of James and Lydia, married John

Densmore, of Noel, Hants Co., the offspring being John,

James, Frank, Mary, Samuel, Nicholas, Jenny, Olive,

Letitia, Lydia, and Amy. Jenny married John Anthony,

of the above John Anthony ; Olive married Nicholas Harvie, son of the above Archibald and Amy ; Letitia

married Samuel Densmore, known as Deacon Sam ; Mary married Robert Greeno ; I^ydia married John Densmore,

at the head of the Marsh ; Amy married Samuel Densmore,

known as Sleepy Sam.

Allen Mosher, of James and Lydia, married Esther

Wilcox, of Kempt.

He had a large piece of land, and

settled down to farming.

They had the following chil-


Chronological History of the Masher Family.

dren : Jehu, Robert, Wilcox, Fanny, Polly, Simon, Amy, Benjamin, Rebecca, Allen, and Lydia, and three died


Total, 14.

Kempt Moshers.

The above went by the name of the

Nicholas Mosher, of James and Lydia, married

Polly Greeno, who was a daughter of Daniel Greeno,

who came from Rhode Island with his brother Moses.

Nicholas and Polly had fifteen children Jehu, Rachel,

Mary, James, Amy, Abigail, Lydia, Olive, Nicholas, Tonge, George, Daniel, John A., Elizabeth and Sarah.

Joseph Mosher, of Jas. and Lydia, married Priscilla

Greeno, and had the following children : James, Barzillai, Daniel, Elizabeth, Nicholas, Joseph, Mary, William, Amy

and George.

George Mosher, of James and Lydia, (he being of

the sixth generation), married Margaret Thompson and

had the following children : William, Lydia, Cyrus,

Eliza, Darius, Ira, Nicholas, James and Margaret.

Deliverance Mosher, of James and Lydia, married

John Macumber, their family being as follows : Ichabod,

Nicholas, Girden, Stephen, Jehu M., Michael, Deliverance,

Lydia, Susannah and Sarah.

R hoda Mosher, of James and Lydia, married Simon

Ward, and had the following children : James, Robert, Increase, Sarah, Mary, Martha, John, Margaret, Lucy and


Elizabeth Mosher, of James and Lydia, married

James Constantine.

William, James, Catherine, Elizabeth and Rhoda.

They had six of a family : Pharoz,

The above Nicholas and Polly lived on a farm owned

Chrono/o^^ical History of the Mosher Family.



by their Father James, bounded East by the Township

line between Newport and Douglas, North by the Ken-

netcook River,

over a mile from 'I'ownship line west,

thence Southerly to base line, so called, over a mile,

thence to Township line, making over a mile scjuaro, and a river running from Rawdon down through centre of

farm, emptying into the Kennetcook River.

The said

Nicholas was a carpenter and a very persevering mechanic.

He took a contract to build a vessel, which was construct-

ed a quarter of a mile up from the mouth of the Iittl<;

river, and was superintended by JohnCorney, and laun . ed

into said river about 1807.

Was sloop-rigged, carried a

square topsail, and

.v'as sailed for a time by a stranger,

afterward ' / Captain

Barzillai Mosher (of the above

Barzillai), of the sixth generation.

plaster from Newport to Philadelphia, with a capacity

This vessel carried

of about 60 tons.

first vessel built in Newport, Hants County, N. S.

After a time was sold.

She was the


above farm was willed to Nicholas and Joseph Mosher,

sons of James.

They died, and were buried a few rods

from the little river opposite where the sloop was built,

with others.

The farm was sold to strangers, not any


Mosher, of James, was a carpenter and hewer of timber.

He used a broad-axe eleven inches wide on the bit, and

weighed eleven pounds.

I am told that some men in

that day used axes weighing thirteen pounds. Joseph

and family lived on the farm willed to Nicholas and

of the name living on it now, (but

near by).


There were two old houses on

it, but very*

little land cleared, and Joseph got tired of hewing and

working around by the day to maintain a family ; and as

I o

Chronological History of the Mosher Family.

he concluded that the farm was not large enough for two large families, he went up to the head of Kennetcook

River, took up land and chopped a field (it being all woods), built a house out of round logs, and covered the roof with spruce bark, gathered moss and caulked the


cracks bet^Meen the logs, and moved his family in.

off the chopping, cleared olt the stuff remaining and burnt

it ; then sowed wheat and barley ; had no team, covered

This hack was made like a three-

the grain with a hack.

tined fork, with about four inches of the tines turned

' down so as to form a three-toothed rake, with which he raked the ground so as to cover the grain ; and planted

potatoes dropped on the ground two and a half feet apart,

and with a hoe called a grub hoe hoed the ground up on

This formed

to the potatoes, covering a certain depth.

the hill.

Then after potatoes came up hoed dirt aror d

again, and by this means raised a great crop of potatoes.

After he got the grain gathered and threshed a trouble

came to him to get it ground, as there was no mill nearer

than eight miles through the woods to Noel, and only a

path blazed out, and no road.

The way he got the grain

to mill was to get aboui one and a hulf bushels in two

bags, making three bushels in all ; put one bag on his

shoulder and carried about half a mile, then laid it on a

stump and went back for the other bag, carried it a half

mile past where he left the first, hung it on a tree, and

called it resting while he walked back to where he had

left the other bag. Then took that on his shoulder and •carried past the other bag half a mile, and hung it up, and repeated the process until he reached the mill. Now

the readers will see the distance travelled to get the fiour

Chronological History of the Mosher Family.


home, carrying flour the same way ; but in winter he had

a toboggan, and if snow was deep, weald put on snow-

shoes, and draw quite a grist to mill.

The barley he

hulled in a mortar, with which soup was made.


mortar he made by taking a hardwood log three feet long and eighteen inches over, hacked and cut with such tools

as he had at the end, then made a fire of short, dry wood

in the hole, keeping a wet cloth around the edge while

burning it ; then chiselled and cut, then burned, and so

on, until he got a hole twelve inches over and fifteen

inches or more deep, and scraped clean. The mortar

was then complete.

The lower end of the pestle was

made to fit the bottom of the mortar,

through it, say, eighteen inches from lower

and a hole bored

end, into

which a long handle was fitted to use with both hands.

He would then get up on a block, put some barley in the

mortar, and pound away until he got the hulls separated

from the barley.

This he would do in the evening, and

next day would have a nice dish of barley soup. As soon as the neighbours Mfeard of the mortar, they would get a little bag of barley and go over to Uncle Joe's (as they

called him) in the evening, and they would pound out

their grist and have a pot of soup next day.

In this way

he got a job of making several mortars. Neighbours were


families, on the

A Mr. Ryan and a Mr. Lahey lived, with their

next farms each way from



Ryan had a daughter Jenny, and Daniel Mosher, of Joseph, married her. Mr. Lahey had a daughter Rachel,

and she married and had a daughter Harriet, who is the

wife of the writer.

All went well for a time.

The older

boys helped to farm and worked out, some to get clothes


12 Chronological History of the Mosher Family.

and shoes, and save provision at home.

Joseph himself

hired out at times for neighbours and friends.

the best they could, until Priscilla (Joe's wife) got sick.

There was no doctor nearer than Newport, no ploughed

All did

road, and no waggon to drive,

if they could.

concluded to make a machine like a bier.

So they

The poles

were long and tapered at the ends, so as to go into a stir-

rup of a saddle ; boards were nailed across the centre of

the poles, and a box made on it to admit of a bed.


sick woman was put in the bed, the handles placed through fhe stirrups of forward horse, the other end through the

stirrups of the hind horse's saddle, and a man on each

saddle to guide the horses and steady the bed.


rode behind the last man to wait on her mother, and in

this way she was carried down to the house she had moved from. The distance was about twenty-three miles,

but the mother was so far gone with consumption, that

the doctor could do nothing for her, and she died April


181 3.

Joseph broke up housekeeping after she


The children got scattered. George, the youngest,

was only a little over five years old. The old mill in Noel

failed to grind, and Mr. Densmore had it removed and

commenced to erect a new mill in the fall. Jehu Mosher, of Nicholas, was the millwright. The writer's father went

with him to serve his time before his mother died.


, got the mill well under way, and they agreed with a man

at Mount Denson, in Township of Falmouth, to make the

stones, there being no stone of the right grit nearer, and he Avas to deliver at Mitchener's point, at the mouth of

Avon River, on the beach, a little below high-water.


did so, and left the stones standing on edge with a pole



Chronological History of the Mosher Family.


run through the eyes of the stones, so a boat could come

and get them.

but, it being late, cold weather set in, the ice made

around the stones and pole so great a cake, that in March

a southerly storm and high tide came which lifted the

cake of ice and stones, and the wind drove them out into

Minas Basin. Then wind and tide shifted, and drove the

field of ice up the Bay, and forced the ice and stones into

Noel Bay, and ashore in the mouth of Noel River, and

there remained until the April sun thawed away the ice

Some party being out to see if there

from the stones.

was a chance to get the boat off to go for the stones, to

his great surprise saw the stdhes standing on edge, with

the pole through the eyes, as they were left off Mitchener's Point, not one and a half miles from the mill. They

were soon hauled to the mill and put in place.

The old

John Densmore was to send for them ;

women concluded the Lord knew they had been suffering for bread all