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320, Homework 2

1. A thin airfoil with small camber stalls at an angle of attack of 15 degrees with a lift
coefficient of 1.3. What is its angle of zero lift? Assume incompressible flow.
2. Assume an aircraft is using the airfoil in Problem 1 as a “flying wing design”. It is flying at
200m/s at an altitude of 3000m where the density is 0.9 kg/m3. Assume a total effective
wing-span from tip-to-tip of 6m and a chord of 0.5m. Assume an angle of attack of 6
degrees. What is the total lift of the flying wing? Given a L/D ratio of 15, what is the
athematical Model for C l vs. a at low
thrust provided by the engine for steady level flight? Assume incompressible flow and
angles of attack
the lift coefficient is the same for the finite wing as for the airfoil.
3. For problem 2, assuming atmospheric temperature is -10C, what is the Mach number?
What is the error in the lift due to the assumption of incompressible flow? The lift
Cl = 2p (a - a 0 )
Incompressible Flow: coefficient for compressible flow is given by

2p Cl ,incompressible
Compressible Flow:
Cl = (a - a 0 ) =
1- M 2
1 - M ¥2

we know how an airfoil behaves in low speed, incompressible
4. The German Zeppelins of World War I were dirigibles with the following typical
ow, we can easily estimate how the lift will be altered in high
peed flight. characteristics: volume = 15,000 m3 and maximum diameter = 14.0 m. Consider a
his relation works until the Mach number over the airfoil
Zeppelin flying at a velocity of 30 m/s at a standard altitude of 1000 m (look up the
xceeds unity, and shocks form on the airfoil.
corresponding density in Appendix D). The Zeppelin is at a small angle of attack such
that its lift coefficient is 0.05 (based on the maximum cross-sectional area). The Zeppelin
is flying in straight-and-level flight with no acceleration. Calculate the total weight of the