Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 22

TOTALTOTALTOTALTOTAL FINAFINAFINAFINA ELFELFELFELF

EXPLORATION PRODUCTION

GENERAL SPECIFICATION

GS ENV 121

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

3

10/00

No change to Rev. 2

2

10/94

TOTAL FINA latest issue

Rev

Date

Notes

"This document is the property of TotalFinaElf. It must not be reproduced or transmitted to others without written authorisation"

CORRESPONDENCE TABLE

GS-ENV-001

SG-SHE 004

1998

Oil and gas project dev.Environmental Care

GS-ENV-011

SP-ENV-530

1998

Environmental specification for onshore pipeline construction

GS-ENV-111

SP-ENV-120

1997

Etat de référence d'un site - bilan écologique à terre

1997

Baseline study environmental status of an on-shore site

GS-ENV-112

SP-ENV-122

1995

Etat de reference d'un site - Bilan écologique d'un site de pleine mer

1996

Environmental baseline study offshore survey

GS-ENV-113

SP-ENV-121

1996

Etat de référence d'un site : bilan écologique d'un site côtier

1996

Environmental baseline study coastal survey

   

1994

Règles d'établissement du dossier d'impact activités à terre

GS-ENV-121

SP-ENV-100

1994

Environmental impact assessment onshore activities

1994

Normas de Elaboracion del expediente des impacts actividades en tierra

GS-ENV-122

SP-ENV-110

1994

Règles d'établissement du dossier d'impact activités en mer

1994

Environmental impact assessment offshore activities

 

SP-ENV-210

1987

Systèmes de draînage et de collecte des effluents liquides pour les installations terrestres

GS ENV 210

SP-ENV-240

1983

Systèmes de draînage et de collecte des effluents liquides pour les installations en mer

1983

Liquid effluent drainage and collection systems for offshore installations

GS-ENV-221

SP-ENV-221

1983

Traitement des effluents liquides non pollués pour les installations terrestres

1987

Treatment of non-polluted liquid effluents for onshore installations

GS-ENV-231

SP-ENV-222

1983

Traitement des effluents liquides huileux pour les installations terrestres

1987

Treatment of oily liquid effluents for onshore installations

GS-ENV-232

SP-ENV-252

1984

Traitement des effluents liquides huileux pour les installations de production en mer

1987

Treatment of oily liquid effluents for offshore installations

GS-ENV-241

SP-ENV-223

1983

Traitement des effluents liquides domestiques pour les installations terrestres

GS-ENV-242

SP-ENV-253

1984

Traitement des effluents liquides domestiques pour les installations de production en mer

GS-ENV-251

SP-ENV-224

1983

Traitement des effluents liquides chimiques et/ou de procédés pour les installations terrestres

1987

Treatment of liquid chemical effluents and/or process effluents for onshore installations

GS-ENV-252

SP-ENV-254

1984

Traitement des effluents liquides chimiques et/ou de procédés pour les installations de production en mer

1987

Treatment of chemical and/or process liquid effluents for offshore installations

GS-ENV-261

SP-ENV-225

1987

Equipements de traitement des effluents liquides pour les installations terrestres

1987

Equipment for the treatment of liquid effluents for onshore installations

GS-ENV-262

SP-ENV-255

1984

Equipements de traitement des effluents liquides de procédés pour les installations de production en mer

1987

Liquid effluent treatment equipment for offshore installations

GS-ENV-270

SP-ENV-270

1989

Injection des effluents liquides en puits profonds

1996

Deep well disposal

GS-ENV-412

SP-ENV-450

1984

Conditionnement et traitement des déchets solides pour les installations en mer

GS-ENV-421

SP-ENV-430

1999

Critères de conception et d'exploitation d'une décharge contrôlée sur les sites en exploitation

1999

Landfill design and operation for E&P sites

(geotechnical/geophysical team)

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 3/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Page

1 DEFINITION OF AN ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESSMENT

-

4

2 OBJECT OF THE PRESENT SPECIFICATION

-

4

3 ROLE OF CONTRACTING PARTIES

-

4

4 GENERAL RULES

-

5

4.1 Documents supplied and confidential nature of same

-

5

4.2 Scope of impact study content

-

5

4.3 Distinction between nuisances peculiar to the site and those related to development

-

5

4.4 Adapting the study

-

6

4.5 Compiling the study

-

6

4.6 Subcontracting and liability

-

7

4.7 Presentation of the study

-

7

4.8 Social-economic report

-

8

4.9 Study schedule

-

8

5 MODEL PLAN OF THE IMPACT STUDY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ONSHORE OIL AND GAS FIELDS

-

9

5.1 Characterization of the project

-

9

5.2 Analysis of initial status of site and its environment

-

11

5.3 Identification and evaluation of the various types of nuisances: nature of the measures taken to eliminate or limit their effects

-

14

5.3.1 Nuisances generated by putting a field onstream

-

14

5.3.2 Nuisances caused by work done to put the field on stream

-

18

5.3.3 Restoration of the site at the end of the development phase

-

21

5.4 Public health, safety and hygiene

-

21

5.5 Allowance for major hazards

-

21

6 JUSTIFICATION OF ADOPTED SOLUTIONS

-

22

7 FINAL EVALUATION OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE PROJECT ON THE ENVIRONMENT

-

22

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 4/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

1 DEFINITION OF AN ENVIRONMENT IMPACT ASSESSMENT

-

 

An impact study or Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) shall precede any offshore or onshore oil field development or production venture and, more generally, any setting up of oil installations (production unit, oil or gas processing plant, terminal, etc.).

The study will establish in detail all the nuisances or adverse effects related to so-called operational or chronic pollution that the plant installation may generate, and give the measures or technical solutions best able to counteract them at a reasonable cost.

2 OBJECT OF THE PRESENT SPECIFICATION

-

 

The object of the present specification is to provide the project engineering responsible for designing the impact study with instructions on how the study should be approached and presented.

The general rules set forth in chapter 4 constitute the main elements.

 

3 ROLE OF CONTRACTING PARTIES

-

CONTRACTOR is responsible for compiling the impact study.

The exact and complete name of the authors of the study shall appear on the final document.

This study will be prepared and written according to the indications given in the present specification.

TOTAL S.A., reserves the right to supervise the drafting and modify chapters or parts of the drafted document compiled and written by contractor.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 5/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

4 -

GENERAL RULES

 

4.1 Documents supplied and confidential nature of same

-

 
 

CONTRACTOR shall avail itself of all available documents, or those considered necessary for the proper understanding of the project and of the environment studies previously undertaken, and supplied by COMPANY.

CONTRACTOR shall strictly respect the regulations concerning the right to reproduce documents and will preserve the confidential nature of certain documents; in this respect CONTRACTOR shall be bound by professional secrecy.

4.2 Scope of impact study content

-

 
 

In addition to a description of the initial status of the site, the impact study shall give a detailed description of the nuisances likely to result from installing and operating the scheduled facilities, and the measures envisaged for eliminating, limiting or offsetting such nuisances.

The model plan and contents adopted by COMPANY shall be adhered to (see chapter 5).

The impact study shall also include:

 

- A characterization of the project.

- An analysis of the initial state of the site and its environment (Ecological zero point).

- An identification and evaluation of the various sources of nuisance, plus a description and an estimation of the cost of measures taken to eliminate or reduce the effects.

- A justification of the adopted solutions.

 

- A final evaluation of the effects of the project on the environment.

4.3 Distinction between nuisances peculiar to the site and those related to development

-

 

The impact study shall cover all possible effects caused by the project during the construction and development phases.

The impact study will distinguish between:

 

- the site phase (work prior to start-up),

- the development phase (types of activity scheduled).

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 6/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

4.4 Adapting the study

-

 

The model plan proposed is adaptable. At the request of the Authorities, certain points could be developed more thoroughly.

4.5 Compiling the study

-

 

a) Detailed contents

A

draft of the detailed contents of the EIA adapted to the project and its environmental

setting will be submitted to COMPANY for approval.

 

The draft report must comply with the present specification (see chapter 5).

b) First draft report

 

A

preliminary report will be written to develop the approved contents.

This study will include in particular, a synthesis of the zero point analysis with maps and diagrams.

Contractor will be requested to provide a routine progress report.

 

The preliminary report will be presented to the various parties involved, in particular local authorities, before writing and integrating the modifications in the final impact study.

c) Final report

 
 

The presentation of the final report must comply with the instructions given to CONTRACTOR by COMPANY.

This report shall contain a summary of the study as defined below.

 

d) Executive summary

 

The executive summary (3 to 5 pages) shall give the general lines of the project and the conclusions drawn regarding the measures to be taken to protect the environment according to local constraints.

This non-technical summary is intended for the information of the general public.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 7/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

e) Integration of comments after conferring with administrative bodies and the general public

 

The comments and remarks gathered during the administrative inquiry and consulting the general public should, depending on circumstances, either be integrated in a final version of the definitive study, or be the subject of a complementary report covering the points raised.

4.6 Subcontracting and liability

-

 
 

All subcontracting for the study, drafting, presentation or editing not specified in the contract shall be submitted to COMPANY for approval.

 

4.7 Presentation of the study

-

 
 

Documents should be presented in easy reference form. Prior to being submitted to COMPANY, documents should be properly finalized. COMPANY reserves the right to refuse approval of any document which, in its opinion, is in an insufficient state of completion, or which is not presented in a logical easy-to-consult form.

 

Emphasis will be laid on the contents and presentation of this synthesis study, as it will be the basis for:

- assessing the likely impact of the scheduled project on the natural environment and human activities,

- establishing a public inquiry (when called for) which must be comprehensible for non- specialists.

Illustrations will clarify and "lighten" the texts and provide an overall view of the issue. Synoptic tables, impact grids or evaluation matrices will provide easy reference.

The impact study must not be:

 

- a bulky technical study only comprehensible to specialists, - an over-simplified brochure.

The use of technical terms will be kept to a minimum, where this is not possible, a glossary of scientific and technical terms will be attached to the study.

 

When the study is submitted for public inquiry, a summary should be drafted highlighting the reasons for the choices made in view of local constraints.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 8/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

4.8 Social-economic report

-

 

The social-economic impact will be evaluated in simple terms and the report attached in appendix to the main study.

4.9 Study schedule

-

The Contractor shall establish a schedule integrating the various environmental studies to be run from the time of data acquisition up to the presentation of the final report and its approval.

This schedule must allow for the time required for administrative procedures.

ENVIRONMENTAL GS ENV 121 TOTAL FINA ELF IMPACT ASSESSMENT Page : 9/22 ONSHORE ACTIVITIES DGEP/SE
ENVIRONMENTAL
GS ENV 121
TOTAL FINA ELF
IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Page : 9/22
ONSHORE ACTIVITIES
DGEP/SE
Rev. 2. Oct. 2000
5 -
MODEL PLAN OF THE IMPACT STUDY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF ONSHORE
OIL AND GAS FIELDS
5.1 -
Characterization of the project
A)
General description of the project
1) Legal system under which the development operates*
a) Name
and
type
of
operating
license:
identity
of
beneficiaries;
date
of
establishment, prolongation of validity or extension.
b) Perimeter and area of operating license.
c) Duration of operating licence.
2) Scheduled activities
In the case of an oil field:
a1) Nature and scale of scheduled activities
- Oil extraction:
.
geographical extension of the field
.
oil wells
.
characteristics of the crude and associated gas.
- Processing of the oil and associated gas.
- Storage and transport of oil and associated gas (when the latter is recovered).
b1) Timetable for realizing the project
In the case of a natural gas field:
a2) Nature and scope of scheduled activities
-
Gas extraction:
.
geographical extension of the field
*
The authorisation to develop may also be subject to a building permit or ground occupation
permit.
   

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

 

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 10/22

DGEP/SE

 

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

.

gas wells

.

characteristics of the product.

- Processing of gas and condensates.

 

- Transport of the gas and condensates.

b2) Timetable for realizing the project

B) Description of permanent installations (with reference to layout plan)

1) Extraction facilities

2) Gathering and transportation facilities

3) Processing and storage facilities

4) Product transport facilities

5) Well stimulation and enhanced recovery facilities

6) Ancillary facilities

C) Description of work done to put the field on stream (with or without an early production system [EPS])

1) Drilling and well completion

- Program.

 

- Fluids.

- Type of rig.

 

2) Construction of gathering and transportation network

3) Construction of processing and storage facilities

4) Construction of product transport facilities

5) Construction of well stimulation and enhanced recovery facilities

6) Construction and installation of ancillary installations (living quarters, temporary dock, etc.)

7) Startup of installations

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 11/22

DGEP/SE

 

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

D)

Description of conditions for developing the field

 
 

1) Method of extraction

2) Processing

a) Definition of processing methods

 

- Separation.

- Desalting.

- Dehydration.

b) Other processing techniques

3) Storage and product transport

a) Crude oil

b) Natural gas

4) Other activities

In particular:

- operating conditions: automatization, remote systems, others,

- logistics,

- accommodation,

 

- communication links: on land, by water, radioelectric, etc.

5.2 -

Analysis of initial status of site and its environment

A)

Description of the general environment in the area

 

1) Geomorphological characteristics

a) General appearance of the area

- Geography.

- Topography.

- Structural geology.

b) Sensitive or noteworthy sites such as:

- Water courses.

 

- Ponds.

   

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

 

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 12/22

DGEP/SE

 

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

- Marshy areas.

 
 

- Lakes.

- Moors.

 

- Forests.

 
 

- Dunes.

 

- Ground water tables.

 

2) Geo-economic characteristics

a) Human settlement and communication links

b) Regional economic activities

 

- Agriculture.

- Energy, industry or mining activities

- Tourism and leisure.

3) Obligations or constraints existing within part or all of the operating perimeter (non- exhaustive list)

a)

Obligations of public utility

 

- Obligations relative to the preservation of the natural and cultural heritage:

.

national park,

.

regional park,

.

nature reserves,

.

sites, natural monuments and listed or protected beauty spots,

.

known archaeological remains.

- Obligations relative to the use of certain resources and facilities:

.

urban, agricultural and industrial water,

.

energy,

.

mines and quarries,

.

waterways,

.

communications,

.

telecommunications.

- Obligations relative to national defence:

 

.

military ground or buildings,

.

maritime navigation (coast guards),

.

aerial navigation (regulatory air spaces, prohibited flying areas).

   

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

   

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 13/22

DGEP/SE

 

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

-

Obligations relative to public health and safety:

 
 

.

protection of drinking water,

.

water and drainage networks,

.

cemeteries,

.

zones listed as unbuildable (natural hazards).

 

-

Other obligations.

 
 

b)

Town planning obligations

 

- General rules and obligations governing the use of land as laid down by the town planning building plans (land use).

- Protective measures applicable to certain parts of the country:

 
 

.

sensitive areas,

.

drinking water catchment protection areas (see above),

.

protected environment zones,

.

others.

B)

Description of the environment of the area covered by the operating license

1) Description of the physical environment

 
 

a) Surface geological conditions and pedology

b) Natural hazards (erosion, subterranean cavities, seismicity)

c) Aquifers and surface water

d) Meteorological characteristics

 

-

General climate and, particularly: amount of sunshine, fog, monsoon period etc.

-

wind pattern and force,

 

-

Rainfall.

2) Description of the natural environment

 

a) Fauna - Birdlife

b) Flora

 
ENVIRONMENTAL GS ENV 121 TOTAL FINA ELF IMPACT ASSESSMENT Page : 14/22 ONSHORE ACTIVITIES DGEP/SE
ENVIRONMENTAL
GS ENV 121
TOTAL FINA ELF
IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Page : 14/22
ONSHORE ACTIVITIES
DGEP/SE
Rev. 2. Oct. 2000
C)
Identification and evaluation of pre-existing pollution
1) Pollution of ground and sediment
2) Pollution of water
- Urban waste,
- Agricultural waste,
- Energy product, industrial and mining waste.
3) Air pollution
(gas, dust, odors)
4) Refuse
- Household waste,
- Industrial refuse.
(in particular, authorized or unauthorized tips, whether in use or abandoned).
5) Noise
5.3 -
Identification and evaluation of
the various types of
nuisances: nature of
the
measures taken to eliminate or limit their effects
5.3.1 -
Nuisances generated by putting a field onstream (phases of development and
construction)
5.3.1.1 -
Impact of drilling and well completion
A)
Preliminary work
1) Inconvenience caused by
- Land clearance.
- Earthworks.
- Quarrying for raw materials.
- Civil engineering works.
2) Measures taken to reduce the impact
- Limiting cleared area.
- Limiting noise.
- Suitably equipping the area of activities.
   

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 15/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

B) Installation of drilling rig(s) (mobilization on site)

 

1) Momentary inconvenience

-

Transportation.

-

Water and power supply for the installation.

-

Other inconveniences

 

.

Landscape.

.

Access routes.

.

Damage to crops.

.

Expropriation (real estate procedures).

 

2) Measures taken to reduce the impact

 

- Integration of the installations in the landscape.

- Restoration work, compensation.

C) Liquid effluents

1) Aqueous effluents

a) Identification and quantification of raw effluents

 

- Water base drilling and completion fluids.

- Other water (run-off water and wash water).

 

b) Nature of measures taken to eliminate and reduce the effects of this source of pollution

 

- Protection of the ground water tables crossed: control of sealing properties of casings and cement job.

- Choice of drilling fluids and their treatment (treatment of solids on the active circuit).

- Other processing or conditioning (physical-chemical treatment of residual mud, dehydration, etc.).

- Proper installation of drainage, gathering, treatment networks and equipment and discharge points.

   

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 16/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

c) Characteristics of net discharge

 

d) Control of discharge quality

 

- Nature of physical, chemical and biological analyses.

- Analysis frequency.

 

2) Oil effluents

 

a) Identification and quantification of raw effluents

 

- Oil base drilling and completion fluids.

- Other oily effluents (slops, cleaning products).

 

b) Nature of the measures taken to eliminate and reduce the effects of this source of pollution

 

- Draining, gathering, storage and/or recycling.

- Control of drilling fluids.

- Control of other oily effluents.

 

D) Gaseous emissions into the atmosphere

 

1) Identification of the emissions during tests

- Natural gas emissions.

- Flare emissions.

2) Nature of measures taken to reduce the effects of this source of pollution

3) Control

E) Solid wastes and debris

 

1) Identification of the sources of waste: evaluation of quantities produced

- Spent fluids.

 

- Drill cuttings:

.

from water base mud (WBM),

.

from oil base mud (OBM)

- Other waste.

 
ENVIRONMENTAL GS ENV 121 TOTAL FINA ELF IMPACT ASSESSMENT Page : 17/22 ONSHORE ACTIVITIES DGEP/SE
ENVIRONMENTAL
GS ENV 121
TOTAL FINA ELF
IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Page : 17/22
ONSHORE ACTIVITIES
DGEP/SE
Rev. 2. Oct. 2000
- Building debris.
- Industrial waste.
- Household waste.
2) Conditions for treating waste
- Gathering and storage.
- Pre-treatment on site/off site
- Treatment of mud pits and restoration.
- Final elimination systems (tips, incineration, recycling, etc.).
F)
Noise
1) Identification of noise sources
2) Measures taken to reduce noise nuisances
3) Residual noise
5.3.1.2 -
Impact of other development and construction work
A)
Building the gathering system network
1) Drawbacks resulting from the temporary occupation of land or private
plots throughout the duration of the worksite
- Loss of crops.
- Deterioration caused to fences, ditches, routes and various networks
(agricultural drainage systems, piping systems, buried cables, etc.).
2) Measures taken
- Compensation for loss of crops.
- Restoration/reconditioning of land.
- and
Repairing
rebuilding
fences,
ditches
and
various
routes
and
networks.
- Special construction work.
- Rail and canal crossing, etc.
 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 18/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

B) Construction of product processing, storage, conveyance and related facilities

 

According to the local situation, particular attention will be given here to any drawbacks resulting from road traffic and noise hazards generated by the site for constructing the product processing, storage, transport and related facilities.

5.3.2 -

Nuisances caused by work done to put the field on stream

 

A) Impact on the countryside

1) Identification of the impact on the countryside

 

- Production platform(s) (particularly the effects of any land clearance and earthworks).

- Routes for the gathering system (particularly effects due to any land clearance).

- Processing, storage and conveyance units.

- Transportation and electrical power supply works.

- Other installations and/or structures.

 

2) Nature of measures taken to reduce the impact on the countryside

 

- Choice of sites.

- Use of multiple deflected drilling techniques with a single clustered well head at the surface.

- Choice of the gathering system route.

- Measures to blend facilities and structures into the countryside (special arrangements, landscaping).

 

B) Inconvenience resulting from the presence of operating facilities (occupation of territory)

C) Inconvenience to road traffic (for instance case of transportation of crude oil by tanker trucks)

   

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 19/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

D)

Liquid effluents

 

1) Aqueous base effluents

a) Identification and quantification of raw effluents

- Produced water.

- Process water and chemical effluents.

- Purge water.

- Wash water.

- Fire drill water.

- Run-off water.

- Domestic sewage.

b) Nature of the measures taken to eliminate or limit the effects of this source of pollution

- Gathering and draining of effluents.

 

- Decantation and deoiling of produced water before discharge.

- Special treatment of other effluents.

 

- Installation of treatment facilities at discharge points.

c) Characteristics of net discharge

d) Discharge quality control

- Type of physical, chemical and biological analyses.

- Analysis frequency.

- Equipment and methods used.

2) Oily effluents

a) Identification and quantification of crude effluents

- Products resulting from the cleaning of installations.

- Products resulting from engine oil changes.

- Accidental spills.

b) Nature of measures taken to prevent or eliminate the effects of this source of pollution

-

Gathering, storage, destruction (or recycling) of effluents.

   

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 20/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

E) Gaseous emissions into the atmosphere

 
 

1) Identification and quantification

- Engine exhausts (based on maker specifications).

- Emissions from boilers.

- Flare emissions.

- Odors and others.

2) Nature of the measures taken to reduce the effects of this source of pollution

- Appropriate positioning of flares.

 

- Selecting the type of flare.

3) Air quality control

F) Waste

 
 

1) Identification of waste produced

 

- Industrial waste.

- Domestic waste.

2) Treatment of wastes

-

Crushing.

-

Compacting.

-

Storage.

-

Incineration.

-

Conveyance to authorized waste treatment center.

G) Noise

 
 

1) Identification of noise sources and assessment of noise levels

-

Well stimulation equipment:

 
 

.

down-hole pumps,

.

pump motors.

 

-

Separators.

 

-

Compressors.

-

Flares.

 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 21/22

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

 

- Vehicles (in case of transportation of the crude by tanker trucks).

- Others.

 

2) Nature of the measures taken to reduce noise hazards

 

3) Residual background noise (to be given only in the event of close proximity to residential areas or areas scheduled for town planning)

4) Control (same as above)

 

H) Light emissions

1) Identification of light emissions

 

- Illumination of installations.

- Flares.

 

2) Measures taken to reduce the inconvenience caused (according to local conditions)

 
 

- Choice of positioning.

- Choice of flare type.

- Choice of systems for protecting against light emissions.

5.3.3 -

Restoration of the site at the end of the development phase

 

- Well abandonment procedures.

- Dismantling surface installations.

- Reconditioning of site.

5.4 Public health, safety and hygiene

-

5.5 Allowance for major hazards

-

(See development in the specific documents issued).

a) Risk analysis

 

b) Contingency plans

 
 

ENVIRONMENTAL

GS ENV 121

TOTAL FINA ELF

IMPACT ASSESSMENT

Page : 22/22

 

DGEP/SE

ONSHORE ACTIVITIES

Rev. 2. Oct. 2000

6 -

JUSTIFICATION OF ADOPTED SOLUTIONS

 

Due to the extremely wide range of conditions encountered when putting oil and gas fields onstream, this chapter could only be developed in detail at the time an impact study is being written for each specific development project.

It should be constructed around the following themes:

 

A) Justification of the solutions chosen at a technical and economic level

B) Justification of the solutions chosen at the level of the reduction of nuisances

7 -

FINAL EVALUATION OF THE CONSEQUENCES OF THE PROJECT ON THE ENVIRONMENT

Like chapter 6, this chapter can only be developed in detail at the time of compiling the impact study on a specific project for putting a hydrocarbon field onstream.

It will have two separate parts:

 

A) Synthesis of the study carried out

Distinguishing between:

1) The temporary effects (construction phase) due to the operations for putting the field onstream

2) Effects due to development of the field

 

(Use of photographic means to detect the true impact on the countryside of the installations or constructions for field development):

- in situ impact, - zones of influence according to the sensitivity of the environment.

 

B) Reference to studies carried out for similar installations already in service