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Paris La Defense, Ie 2.

8 acut 2008

MrZlad Takieddine 40 Avenue Georges Mandel 75016 Paris

Monsieur,

Comme convenu,

VOLlS

troLlverez cl-jointle document dent nous avons

parle hier.

Ce document confidentieln'a etre diffuse.

ete passe a personne d'autre qu'a vous-rnerne etne.saurart done

Bien cordlalement,

la Turquie et l'Irak). de taille trils modeste et dont les negociations ont Gommence bien avant la reprise des relations avec let Syrie.I HYDROCARBURES Resume I messages: l~n . avantou en marg. Lasodete d'Etat SPC ne dispo$e pa$ de I'experti$e et de la technologie necessaresa cas production$. Ce point rests concretiser lors d'un entrettert au plus haut niveauentre le Groupe at lesaulorites syriennes.900 millions de barHsequivalents (liquides et gaz en place). et y a investi plus d'1 milliard de dollars. Total est present en SYrie depuis 1988. Las. Aujouro'hui.Syrie. conserve des res. 11 La visite du President de la Republiqueen Syrie debut septembre devralt etre l'pcca$iQn de Gonclur$. avec enViron 28 800 blj produits en 2001. ne signature en septembte est possible. 103-2008.de parils d'huile et 250 milliards de m3 de gaz).gnature de l'accord cadre de cooperation paraphe en 2005. La Syrie est deficitaireen 9·a4et a recemment sigAe plusieuts accords pour assurer son approvisionnement (contrat d'approvisionnement par l'Arab GCiSPipeline egyptien. dont l'expiratlcn estactuellementprevue en 2011. presidant!llas accordssuivants : L'extensJon du perm is de Deir Ez lor at le Iancement du proJetgaz Tabiyeh. produire (huiles lourdes. Dansce contexte. Extension de Paccord de partage de production du permis de Deir Et lor: 18 filiale negoGie les termes d'lJne extension JUsqu'en 2021 du contrat. mats difficiles a. a la foisen raison du potentiel du pays et en raison de sa situation geographique. MOUs avec . perrnsttralt de relancar a court terme la relation avec la partie syrienne. deveJappement de champs de gaz «tight »]. la production operee par fe GroupeOecllne depuis 2003.entre les grandsptoducteurs du MO et l'Europe. 21 Le veritable enjeu reste Ie demartage !:!ffectif d'une cooperation concrete avec les sociefes r. -t Un projet d'accord exlste pour paraphe des que possible.ervesimportahtes (estimees a 2 milHards.esQudre. 21 La conclusion rapide de deux projets. Aceprdsur "optimisation de la productiondu champ de Tablyeh. ~ Les negociations sur Ie bonus de signature et Ie:!recuperation des couts sonten phase finale.e Groupe n'y opere plus que Ie perm is de Deif Ez Zor (via la societe DEZPC detenue 850% par Total et 8 50% par $PC). 3. U SG/DI . Total a decouvert dans Ie pays pres de .I'Etatsur un-ou deux projets E&P identifies dans les domaines listes de I'accord cadre (recuperation adclitionnelle cIe brut leurd. a *** 11 La Syrie reste un enjeuimpo. I. Total rests deuxieme producteur stranger en Syrie. tnais loin derriere Shell (160000 bll en 2007) et doit rapi<. dont la production petrofiere connaH un deelin regulier {600 000 barrIs par jour (biHen 1995.'Iran. les auto rites sont lnteressees par la proposition de Total d'accelerer la production de gazsur Ie champ de Tabiyeh afin d'accroitre la generation d'electricite $ partir de gaz et d'econolYliserainsi des qUq!itites importantes de floul.Jll. Apres avoir culmlne a 60000 blJ. LaSyrje. L'enjeu est important pour Ie pays puJsque Ie secteur petrolier represente environ la mottle des recettes <:IerEtat. notahlment sur des projets Exploration & Production plusambitieux.80000 bfj en 20(7).ptesenc.e de la visite du PR. que Ie pays doit importer au prix fort.C projets petmettront d'assurer unepresenCe a minima de Total en $yria pour les 10 ans qui viennent. 500 000 bfjen 2001.rtant en depit du decHn regUfier de sa production. . des deux A.21 aoOt 2008 SYRIE. qul llste des domaines de cooperations entre Ie Groupe et las sociefessyriennes. iI n'y a plus de points subStantieisa F.'. 8.Jsd(. Une signature enseprernbre est possible.res comme un «geste» de la partie syrienne (cf. eri SYria. mais ees sQjets modestes ne sauralent etre conside.e. tight gas).iernentlancer de nouveaux projets pour perennlser Si3 presence. infra).C(.

d'exPortation vers !'Europe. • Total examine I'interet de patticlpeF au dsveloppement du champ de gaz d'Akkas sitlJe au nord-ouest de I'lrak. dans la perspective o'une implantation de Total dans ce secteur.UfCes gazieres Irak.. \j comprisau Moyen-OriEmt.sc. d.uIHet M Dardari (Vic. Le deboucM syrien reste cependant necessaire pour lancer les pren11~res phases du projet. la redaction d't. Energies Nouvelles: M. ce ptojet est ccnceptuel (aucune etude reeente n'est dlsponible). orojetsur lequer Total a fait des propositions Sans sUQces depuis 10 ans.itionne en Syrie) et Occidental (US). Legaz produit sur ce champ pourrait eonstltuer la premiere etape· d'un systeme. a l'ouest du pays est aussi svoquee : elle peut etre un l'inscription La partiesyrrenne $up. Apres i'eehec de I'appel d'offres .is obtenir un engagement sur le lancernent effectif d'une cocperetion projeJs amant (en priofite Huile !ourde du nord-est ou Gat des Pafmyrides).de 2004. pour cela una cooperation avec lassociates nationales (Syrian Petroleum Company et Syrian Un proJetd'accord de partenariat strategique prevoyant des investissements conjoints dans ties projets de production d'hydrocarbures aete paraphe fin 2005.me annexe precisant les projetspotentlels de cooperation de long terme est en COHrS dennsusatron. a sur un OLI plusieurs des 41 en Total examine Ies synergies possibles avec laSyrie pour le developpement cle resSO.ppel o'offresa lancer par Ie mini$tere irakien du petrels. Gas Company). souhaitee par la partie syrienne. Total a repondu etre d'accord pour jouer un tole de consei] d'ordre geMraldans Ie domaine energetique et en particulier pour rnener une mission de consef sur lastructuration du secteursolaire en Syrie. a Zone it gaz du centre (Palmyrides). La concurrence devrait etre vive.mps d'huJle IQurde du nord-est (Souedie. Ce champ sera irrclus dans Ie premier tour d'. Totalsouhaite Total privilegie engagerdes negociations sur des objets ~ plus fort potentiel.. quisouhaite pouvoir signer des contrats pour ces ch$mpsa I'horr4on mi. SPCsous-estime gravement les difficultesgeologiqueset ne pourraprobabfement pas attelndre ses objectifs de productlorL Ene devra certainement falreappel une societe disposant de ('expertise necessaire . les attentes natiohales (of. la Syrie a confie Ie projet aux sccletes nationales SPC et sec.esaffaires d'annexe avec les ptojets detaiHes ci apres : a econorriiqaes) un projet Ch~. plus long terme.iproque de Total etdesautoritessyriennes d'en parter. Dardar.ementaires: est d'aeord sur ees propositions et a demande de slliets decoQperation Amont : etudes sur I'exploration offshore {qui ne pose pas de problema). Sazaba.21 BOut 2008 3/ Au delli. a a L'exploration de nouveaux blocs complement aux sujets ci-dessas. a evoquespeclfiquement les questions du solaire et du nuc!eaIre. 103-2008.. mars dans 1<:1 discretion s'agissant d'un champ situs sur Ie territoire irakien a SG/DI .2009. Karatchok). mais Total dispose d'une capaeite reconnus a prendre en compte. difficiles et qui exigent une expertise teohr1ologique que Ie Groupe pourralt apporter.Syrie. Shtokman) et a mener. Volonte rec.A ce stade. qui prennent directement en charge lagestiol'l technique des gisements et ont seus traite la constructIon des usjnesde production uhe societe russe de services P!Woifers pour un demarrage en 2009. .pl. La premiere etape devrait etre un pilote sur un champ seleciionnet. II resta toutefo. des projets gaziers IranSfrontaliers complexes (of.ussions sur le cadre legislatif a msttre en place pour la privatisation du secteur de Ja distribution. avec Shell en particulier (bien pos. Total a remis Ie 21 j. ouverture de di. Raffinage Marketing: realisation d'uneetude strategique sur le raffinage en Byrie.e Premier Ministre en charge. Dolphin).

also key for the budget. The field would be operated under a scheme which would be similar to the existing Deir Ez Zor Petroleum Company. paying an entry fee under commercial terms to be negotiated. . based on past costs since 2004 plus the value or future Pfdduction. SPC. which has proved to be a successful operational concept between SPCancl Total.Tota. as one of the leading oil and gas company in the world. The combination of SPC and SGC knowledge of their owns fields and facHities and Total's expertise in managing tight gas reserves and integrated projects would ensure the success of the NSMA projeCt. SGC and Total would jointly invest in the project in accordance with the CFA and the proposed respective SPC&SGC/Total shares would be 51/49. reservoir characteristics are heterogeneous. Today.strw:::tuFiillcomplexity.lrocarboA resources of the country. SPO. SGC and Tota) would have to negotiate an agreement which main principles would be the following. more than 100. maximize technology and know-how transfer from Total to Syria and contribute to the maximization of the hy<. they CQuid extend this cooperation to the exploration of the area situated South Westo! NSMA and on the open block XX (please refer to the added note aboutexploration). along the lines of the CFA Total would step in the project at 49% share. although SPC and SGC haVe successfully embarked on the first stages of the development of this area. In the event SPC1SGC and Total reach an agreement on the NSMA project. hence requiring detailed reservoir studies.successful drilling and completion results in these difficult (tight) reservoirs wHf be key to a technIcally successful project and given the number of wells. This experience has been demonstrated in syria with the successful development of the Tablyeh gas field and already proposed for the development of the NSMA gas reserves. The project would focus on optimizing the field development and Total Would helVe tights on the production of the field under an appropriate contract to be negotiaied (pSCoreqLHvalent). the parties have mutuanyagreed to jointly evaluate a number of potentia! petroleum projects.ggas reserves in technically complex environrnenr. PU(SQant to the Cooperation Framework Agreement to be signed between the Syrian Petroleum Company (SPC) and the Syrian Gas Company (SGC) on the one hand and Total E&P Activites Pettolieres (TAP) and Total E&P Syrie (TEPS) on the other hand. more complex elsewhere. . the whole project remains challenging for various reasons: . The development ofthe North & South Middle Area (NSMA) gas reserves Is one of these projects WhiCh wCluld cement the agreement. has considerable experience in managiq.! offer on the North & South Middle Area gas fields. hence 3D seismic and reservoir studies are compulsory to optimize wefllocation and maximize recovery. good on Abu Rabah. Total.

the reproce. Moreover Total is Willing to share its expertise with SPC through a dedicated training program and technical transfer. Joint Venture between SPC and Total. the exploration of Block XX should be managed through a. Total wish to propose a significant ir1Vestrnent program for the exploration of this block estimated 50 Ml)Se including the acquisition of 1500 km of seismlo. .Total offer on EXBloration of Block XX The op~n Block XX is an unexplored block.h th(:l CFA.:Iancewrt. the main objective of this area. The proposed respective SPCfTotal sharing would be 51/49. In accon. Total is expecting gas objectives within a new petroleum thematic in this area situated in the Western part of the North South Middle Area (NSMA) geological trend. and one of them could be deepened to the Ordovician as a$ecof!dary objective.. The wells would target the Kurractrlne Dolomite.ssing of 500 krnof setsnncand the drilling of 2 Wells.

step in tile field at 49%.ent Which main princ. Pursuant to the Cooperli:ltton Framework Agreement to be signed between the SYrian Petroleum Company (SPC) (jnd the Syrian Gas Company (SOC) on the one hand and Total E&P Activites PetroHeres (TAP) and Total E&P Syrie (TEPS) Ob the other hand. A combination of multi-drain completion. 011 prices enable that additional oil reserves are a SUbstantial proportion of the Initial Oil in Place. C02 inJection and therma' production would be needed to increase the Recovery Factor of an additional 10%. SPC and Total would have to ne.gotiate an agreement which main principles would be the fo!lowing: SPO and Total would jointly invest in the project in accordance with the OFA and the proposed respective SPC/Total shares would be 51f49. based on the current base production profile operated by SPC.iples would derived from the CFA Total would . Total is ready to commit itself to further develop the field according to an agreem. . Although they require very significant investments. only a very limited production of 3% of the initial Oil 111 Place has been achieved so far and the most updated technologies would need to be implemented to improve these results. Contrary toSouedieoil field. These reserves would be produced in addition to the production that Gab be achleved with the current development plans. Total has considerableexpetience in EOR projects.lAsoneef the major oil companies in the world. EnhanceOli Recovery (EOR) to be implemented on oil fields located in the Ncrth-Eastern part of Syria is one of these projects which would cement the agreement. the parties have mutually a~reed to jOintly evaluate a number of potential petro. . and SPO/Totel would have rights on this incremental production under an appropriate contract to be negotiated (PSC or equivalent). TwO oil fieldS Would be included in the program: 1) Souedie oil field: Souedie is the largest field currently producing in SyrIa.. The development plan actually implemented by SPCis increasing the production. However. Thermal production could also be proposed on the loW permeability eastern part of the field.Total otTer on North East heavy oil fields. current technologY ahd. The project would focus on incremental oil production on top of production achieved by SPC with the current development plans. east 400 million bbls. almost in line WIth the forecast made by Total in its offer in 2001. SPClTotal would commit to a significant investment program to be discussed. SPC would continue to operate the field and Total technical support would focus on EOR and related techniques under a scheme to be discussed. The combination of spe's knowledge of its own fields and Total's worldwide experience wou Id ensure the success of such a project. maXimize teChnology transfer from Total to Syriacmd contribute to the maximization of the hydrocarbon resourcesofthe· country. ib line with previous studies made by Total) and surfactant-aided gravity drainage. the tmplementationof these projects is complex and requires careful monitoring in the conception and execution phases. 2) Sazaba oil field: the Sazaba field contains an important oil accumwlation but has proved to be very difficult to produce due to its speoiflc geological conditions. mobiliZing further EOR techniques would allOWinCreasing th.erecovery factor by an additional 5% of the Initial Oil in Place or at I. However. paying an entry fee under commercial terms to be negotiated.leum projects. The latest technical reviews show that 2 EOR techniques are efficiently applicable in fractured carbonate oilreseTVoirs such as in Bouedie: gas injection (including C02.

SPC and Total would jointly invest in the project in accordance with the CFA and the proposed respective SPC/Totalshares would. . which has proYed to be a SUccessful operational concept between $PC and Total.. The project would focus on reengineering the field development and SPCfrotal would have rights on the production of the field under an appropriate contract to be neg9ti$ted (PSCoreqUivalent). Zor Petroleum Company.be 51149. The field would be operated under a scheme which would be similar to the existing Deir £1.