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Lefutureproche,lefutursimple,lefuturantrieur

a. Lefuturproche

Itexpressestheideathataneventisgoingtohappeninthenearfuture.
Examples:
CesoirjevaisregarderlematchavecCdric.
NousallonsmangerlabrasserieavecCatherineetLucie.Tuveuxvenir?

Thestructureofthefuturprocheisverysimple,aslongasyouknowthepresent
tenseofaller(jevais,tuvas,il/elle/onva,nousallons,vousallez,ils/ellsvont).Then
simplyaddtheinfinitiveoftheactionthatisabouttooccur.

Exercice1
FillintheblankswiththepresenttenseofAller:

1. Demainnous..visiterlechteaudeChenonceau.
2. Tu..voirTheScriptenconcert?
3. Ils..fairelasiesteaprsledjeuner.
4. Je..bienttpartirltranger.
5. Vous..regarderledocumentairesurladeuximeguerremondiale?
6. Ellene..pasachetercetterobe.Ellecotetropcher.

Exercice2
Translatethefollowingsentencesusingthefuturproche:

1. ImgoingtorentaDVD
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2. Sheisgoingtoplaytennis
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3. TheyaregoingtoseetheEiffeltower
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4. You(tu)aregoingtovisityourgrandparents
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5. TheyaregoingtovisitTokyo
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6. Wearegoingtowatchamovie
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7. Heisgoingtobuyamobilephone
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8. Imgoingtowearatshirt
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9. You(vous)aregoingtorepeatafterme

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10.You(tu)aregoingtofinishyouressay
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b. Lefutursimple

Lefutursimpleisusedforupcomingeventsoreventsthataredefinitelygoingto
happen.
Examples:
Ltprochain,nouspartironsenCorse.
Jorganiseraiuneftepourmonanniversaire.

TheEnglishequivalentisjustthemodalverb"will"+mainverb.

Conjugatingthefutursimpleofregularverbsissimple.Keepthewholeverb(the
infinitive)andaddthefollowingendings:
ai(je)
as(tu)
a(il,elle,on)
ons(nous)
ez(vous)
ont(ils,elles)

However,forregularreverbs,takeoffthefinale.
Example:Descendrejedescendrai,tudescendras,etc
Example:Descendre

Futursimpleirregularverbs.

Onceagain,aswiththepresenttense,lefutursimplehasirregularverbs.Allyouneed
todoislearnthenewstemoftheseverbsandaddthesameendingsaswithregular
verbs.

Hereisthelistoftheirregularverbs:

1. Avoir=jaurai(Iwillhave)
11.Pouvoir=jepourrai(Iwillbeable
2. Etre=jeserai(Iwillbe)
to)
3. Aller=jirai(Iwillgo)
12.Recevoir=jerecevrai(Iwillreceive)
4. Faire=jeferai(Iwilldo)
13.Pleuvoir=ilpleuvra(itwillrain)
5. Venir=jeviendrai(Iwillcome)
14.Falloir=ilfaudra(itwillbe
6. Tenir=jetiendrai(Iwillhold)
necessaryto)
7. Voir=jeverrai(Iwillsee)
15.Mourir=jemourrai(Iwilldie)
8. Devoir=jedevrai(Iwillhaveto)
16.Courir=jecourrai(Iwillrun)
9. Savoir=jesaurai(Iwillknow)
17.Envoyer=jenverrai(Iwillsend)
10.Vouloir=jevoudrai(Iwillwant)


Example:
TheverbAllerturnsintoir;thereforetosayIwillgo:
Jir+ai(ending)=jirai

Otherregularverbsjusthaveaslightlydifferentspellinginthefuturesimple:
acheter>achter(similarverbs:amener,emmener,lever,promener)
appeler>appeller(similarverbs:peler,jeter,projeter,rappeler
essayer>essaier(similarverbs:employer,ennuyer,nettoyer,payer)

Note!
YouwillalwayshaveanRbeforeyourfuturending.
Youcanusethesameirregularfuturstemsfortheconditionaltense.

Lefuturcanalsobeusedinsiclausestoexpresswhatwillhappenwhenacondition
ismet

Sijetrouvedutravail,jeteledirai.

Aftercertainconstructions,thefuturtenseisusedinFrenchwhereasinEnglishthe
presenttenseisused:
aussittque(assoonas),dsque(assoonas),esprerque(tohopethat),lorsque
(when),quand(when),unefoisque(once):

Quandjeserai(futur)plusgrand,jeferailetourdumonde.(whenIam(prsent)bigger,
)

Exercice3
Conjugatethefollowingverbsusingthefutursimple:

1.
Il(dmnager)enjuin:

2.
Nous(dcider)lasemaineprochaine:


3.
Je(partir)bientt:

4.
Monfrre(tre)professeur:

5.
Elles(aller)aucinmacesoir:

6.
Nous(tudier)avectoiceweekend:

7.
Il(aider)sonfrrerparerlavoiture:

8.
Estcequetu(venir)avecnousaucinma?

9.
Il(pleuvoir)beaucoupcethiver:

10.
Enoctobre,je(voyager)auxEtatsUnis:

Exercice4
TranslatethefollowingsentencesintoFrenchusingthefutursimpleorthefuturproche:

1. TheywillgotoSpainnextyear.

2. You(vous)willbeabletoleavesoon.

3. OnSaturdayeveningweregoingtorentaDVD.

4. Iwillsendpostcardstomyfriends.

5. WhenIfinishmyexams,Iwillgoonholidays.

6. SheisgoingtoseetheEiffeltower.

7. NextyearIwontwearauniform.

8. Thestudentswillarrivelate.

9. Wewillwaitforourfriends.

10.Imgoingtoplaytenniswithmydad.

c. Lefuturantrieur

Thefutureperfectisacompoundverbtense(likethepasscompos)usedto
describeanactionthatwillhavebeencompletedbeforeanotheractioninthe
future.
Examples:
Quandjauraifinimesexamens,jepartiraienvacancesavecmacopine.
Quandtoutlemondeseraparti,jeferailemnagedanslamaison.

Thefutureperfectismadeofthefutureofavoiroretreandthesamepast
participlesusedinthepasscompos.(youmightwanttorevisewhichverbstake
EtreandwhichtakeAvoirintheperfecttense)
Example:
Inthepasscompos,Finirtakesavoir(present)infrontitspastparticiple=Jaifini.
Thereforeinthefuturantrieur,finirwillalsotakeavoir(future)infrontofitspast
participle=Jauraifini

Thesamewillapplytoalltheverbstakingtre:

Aller=jeseraiall(e)
Shabiller=jemeseraihabill(e)

Note!
Thepastparticiplesusedwithtrewillagreewiththesubjectasitdidinthepass
compos.
Examples:
Ilsserontpartis
Elleseraitreste
Ellesseseraientdisputes

Exercice5
FillintheblankswiththerightformsofAvoirorEtreinthefuture,infrontofthepast
participles:

1. Dsquenousterminceprojet,nouspourronspartir.
2. Nousironsaucinmaaussittquellearrive.
3. Tupourrastecoucherquandtutebrosslesdents.
4. Jecontinuerailaleonquandtoutlemondecomprislexercice.
5. Ilsreviendrontenclasseunefoisquilsparlauproviseur.
6. Tupourrasregarderlatlquandtumangtasoupe.

Exercice6
TranslatethefollowingverbsintoFrench:

1. Iwillhavegoneout:

2. Shewillhavesaid:

3. You(vous)willhavebought:

4. We(fem.)willhavearrived:

5. You(tu)willhavetaken:

6. They(masc)willhaveenjoyedthemselves:

7. I(fem.)willhavebecome:

8. Hewillhavesucceeded:

9. You(tu,masc.)willhavegottenup:

10.Wewillhaveslept: