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ALNN -
 RNM;
 B 9
Rystãjls bhjinmkthnrls;. Nmtrheubtnhm kux systãjls bhjinmkthnrls
Bhjjl thut systãjl pcysnqul, `ls systãjls mujîrnquls pluvlmt ätrl bkrkbtîrnsîs pkr `lur
 tljps el rî-phmsl
 lt `lur
 bkrkbtîrnstnqul e„lmtrîl-shrtnl
. @ls systãjls mujîrnquls hmt ilshnm el
 ehmmîls inmknrls
 lmlmtrîl lt ohurmnsslmt lm shrtnl `l jäjl typl e„nmohrjktnhms.@ls ohmbtnhms `nkmt `„lmtrîl lt `k shrtnl e„um systãjl inmknrl shmt kppl`îls els
 ohmbtnhms `hanquls
. L``lsshmt rîanls pkr um lmslji`l el rãa`ls jktcîjktnquls kppl`îls `„
k`aãirl el Ihh`l
.Ekms `l bks `l p`us snjp`l, `k mhtnhm el tljps m„nmtlrvnlmt pks lt n` lxnstl uml
 rl`ktnhm enrlbtl lmtrl `„lmtrîllt `k shrtnl
. Hm pkr`l k`hrs el systãjls
 bhjinmkthnrls
.@ls nmohrjktnhms trkntîls pkr bls systãjls shmt k`hrs kppl`îls els
 vkrnki`ls `hanquls
 hu
 ihh`îlmmls
. L``lsml pluvlmt kvhnr qul
 9 îtkts
 4 "
vrkn
" (hu „;„ `hanqul) hu "
 okux
" (hu „6„ `hanqul). Bls mnvlkux `hanquls shmt lmprktnqul ksshbnîs æ els tlmsnhms.
9. Ylprîslmtktnhm els systãjls bhjinmkthnrls
N` lxnstl p`usnlurs okáhms el rlprîslmtlr um systãjl bhjinmkthnrl 4‒ pkr shm
 îquktnhm `hanqul
7‒ pkr sk
 tki`l el vîrntî
7‒ pkr shm
 `hanarkjjl
.@
îquktnhm `hanqul
 plrjlt el eîbrnrl
 jktcîjktnquljlmt
 `k rl`ktnhm qu„n` lxnstl lmtrl `„lmtrîl eu systãjllt sk shrtnl. Bckbuml els shrtnls lst uml ohmbtnhm els lmtrîls. Blttl rlprîslmtktnhm lst iksîl sur `„
k`aãirlel Ihh`l
 (vhnr slbtnhm sunvkmtl). Uhut systãjl bhjinmkthnrl plut ätrl rîk`nsî æ `„knel e„um pltnt mhjirl elohmbtnhms `hanquls el iksl kppl`îls
 hpîrktlurs `hanquls
 hu
 phrtls
.@k
 tki`l el vîrntî
 ehmml `k `nstl els vk`lurs el shrtnl phurthutls`lsbhjinmknshmsphssni`lsel`„lmtrîl,b`kssîlssl`hm`„hrerleu bhel inmknrl mkturl`. Knmsn, `k tki`l el vîrntî e„uml ohmbtnhmel
 m
 vkrnki`ls k kutkmt el `naml qul e„îtkts e„lmtrîl, shnt 9
m
. Vhurbckbum el bls îtkts, `k shrtnl plut prlmerl `k vk`lur "6" hu ";".@l
 `hanarkjjl
 lst um ohrjk`nsjl nssu eu
 jhmel î`lbtrhmnqul
. @ls lxprlssnhms `hanquls shmt trkeuntls lmum
 béi`kal
 rl`nkmt els syjih`ls qun rlprîslmtlmt `ls hpîrktlurs.Elux mhrjls shmt kbtul``ljlmt utn`nsîls ekms `l jhmel, `k p`us kmbnlmml lst`k mhrjl NRH, thudhurs trãs utn`nsîl ekms `l jhmel (lm pkrtnbu`nlr pkr `ls `hanbnl`sel sknsnl el sbcîjk). K blttl mhrjl, s„kdhutl elpuns ;>35 `k mhrjl brîîl pkr `kBhjjnssnhm Î`lbtrhtlbcmnqul Nmtlrmktnhmk`l (NLB - mhrjl NLLL >;-;>35).
2. K`aãirl el Ihh`l
Alhral IHH@L
 k
mn, vlrs ;351, uml k`aãirl qun s„kpp`nqul æ els ohmbtnhms `hanquls el vkrnki`lsihh`îlmmls.
 
RNM; - R^RULJL ENMOHYJKUNHM M\JLYN[\L BH\YR\m lmslji`l L phssãel uml strubturl e„k`aãirl el Ihh`l sn hm k eî
mn ekms blt lmslji`l `ls î`îjlmtssunvkmts 4
 \ml rl`ktnhm e„îqunvk`lmbl
 mhtîl "
:
"7
 Elux `hns el bhjphsntnhm nmtlrmls
 mhtîls "
+
" lt " . " (keentnhm lt ju`tnp`nbktnhm ihh`îlmml)7
 \ml hpîrktnhm umknrl
 4 `hn qun ksshbnl æ thut î`îjlmt
 k
 el L shm bhjp`îjlmt
 k
, blttl `hn lst kppl`îl
bhjp`îjlmtktnhm
.@ls `hns îmhmbîls bn-elssus s„îbrnvlmt 4
+
 6 ;6
 6 ;
;
 ; ;.
 6 ;6
 6 6
;
 6 ;
k
 6 ;
k
 ; 6
2.;. Hpîrktlurs ohmekjlmtkux
2.;.; @„hpîrktlur H\N2.;.9 @„hpîrktlur MHM2.;.2 @„hpîrktlur H\2.;.5 @„hpîrktlur LU
‒ 99 ‒
 
RNM; - R^RULJL ENMOHYJKUNHM M\JLYN[\L BH\YR
2.9. Hpîrktlurs eîrnvîs
K pkrtnr els hpîrktlurs ohmekjlmtkux, hm plut hitlmnr els hpîrktlurs p`us bhjp`lxls. Hm pkr`l k`hrse„
hpîrktlurs eîrnvîs
. @ls 5 hpîrktlurs sunvkmts shmt pkrjn `ls p`us utn`nsîs.
2.9.; @„hpîrktlur MHM-LU (hu MKME)2.9.9 @„hpîrktlur MHM-H\ (hu MHY)2.9.2 @„hpîrktlur H\-LSB@\RNO (hu SHY)2.9.5 @„hpîrktlur MHM-H\-LSB@\RNO (hu SMHY)
‒ 92 ‒

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