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FORMULAIRE DES POUTRES

flche
L en m
Ractions
Cas de charges Moment maximum H en mm Flche l/2 Rotation aux appuis
aux appuis
en
DaN/mm
P 2
2 A= 16LEI
P M L / 2= PL 0.79 L P L3
2 4 h 48EI P 2
B= + 16LEI

f l / 2= (
Pb 3 2 4 2
48EI L b )
R A= Pb
L
M 0= M a= Pab
L
Pa2b2
A=
6EIL
(
Pb 2 2
b L )
( )
Pb f a=
Pa M L / 2=
R B= L
2 3EIL B = 6Pa 2 2
EIL L a
(a>b) f max =
Pb 3 2 2 3
27EIL L b ( )
2 23P L3
P M L / 2= PL
3 1.01 L
h 648EI

2 19P L3
0.84 L
3P M L / 2= PL
2 2 h 384EI

2 63P L3
2P M L / 2= 3PL
5 1 .0 L
h 1000EI

P M L / 2= Pa L2 Pa(3L2 4a 2)
h 24EI
2 53P L3
0.94 L
3P M L / 2= 512
PL
2 h 1296EI

2 41P L3
2P M L / 2= PL
2 0.94 L
h 768EI

q L3
A= 24EI
qL q L2 2 5q L 4
2 0.99 L
8 h 384EI q L3
B = + 24EI
5 q L3
A= 192EI
qL q L2 2 q L4
4 0.95 L
12 h 120EI 5q L3
B= + 192EI
Cas de charges 2
L
multiples h
qL q L2 3 5q L 4 7q L3
R A= 6 M 0= 27
f L / 2=
768EI A= 360EI
qL
R B= 3 q L2 5q L 4 8q L3
M L / 2= 16 f max=
765EI B = + 360EI
q
R A= 2 ( a + b) A= +
q
( 2 3
2a L a L
3
)
q
(
M 0= M L / 2= 24 3L2 4a 2 ) q 2 2 4 5 4
f max = f L / 2 = a L + a L 24EI
q
R B= 2 ( a+ b )
EI 48 120 384
B= +
q
24EI
(L3+ a3 2a 2 L)
qa
( )
R A= L L a2
qx
2 f L / 2=
qa2
96EI
(
2a 2 3L 2 )
L/2
M x 0 = R Ax
2
5q L4
f L / 2=
768EI
qa2
R B = 2L L qa
( )
M x L / 2= R A x 2 x a2
f L / 2=
q L4
( 2 2
+ a(2L a) L
48EI 16
4 )
M
R A= M 0= M A= M M L2
L f L / 2= A= ML
16EI 3EI
+M M L2 B = + ML
R A= M B= 0 f maxi = 6EI
L 15.58EI
2

M A = + M a L a
R A= Ma f a = + Mab ( a b ) EI 3 2L
L M aw= L 3EIL

a
2

R A=
+M
L
Mb
M ae= + L f L / 2 = + M 4a L
16EI
2
(
2
) B = M L
EI 6 2L

R A= R B =
Pa
2
M m = + 8 ( 2L a )
Pa f L / 2=
384EI
L (
Pa 8 3 4 2 L + 3
a a )

R A= P M A= PL P L3 P 2
f B= B= + L
3EI 2EI

P b3
f B=
3EI
R A= P M A= Pb Pb 2
B= c= +
2EI
Pb 2
f C=
6EI
( 2L + a )
q L2 q 4 q L3
R A= qL M A= 2 f B= L B= +
8EI 6EI

R A=
qL q L2 q L4 q L3
2 M A= 6 f B=
30EI
B= +
34EI

R A= 0 M A= M M L2 B = ML
f B= EI
2EI
METHODE DE CLAPEYRON

Applicable une poutre de module dlasticit longitudinal constant.

M2
M1 2 M3
1 3
I1 I2
G1 A2

L L M 3L2 G G
M 1L1+ 2
M 2 1+ 2 + = 6 A1 1+ A2 2
I1 I1 I 2 I2 L1I1 L2I 2

M1, M2, M3 moments flchissant aux appuis


L1, L2 longueurs des traves
I1, I2 moments dinerties des traves
A1, A2 aires des moments flchissant
G1, G2 positions des centres de gravit des moments flchissant

A1G1/L1 A2G2/L2
M2
M1 2 p/ml M3
1 3
I1 I2 q1L13 q2 L32
G1 A2
24 24

P1 M2 P2
M1 2 M3
1 3
I1 I2 P1L12 P 2 L22
G1 A2
16 16

P1 M2 P2
M1 2 M3
1 3
I1 I2 P1ab ( + a ) P2ab ( + b )
G1 A2 6L1 L1 6L2 L2
P1 P1 M2 P1 P1
M1 2 M3
1 3
P1a ( a ) P 2a ( a )
2 L1 2 L2
ABAQUE DE MACQUART

Mo=ql/8
0.5P 0.5P
p=ql
-1.0Mo
0.562Mo 0.562Mo
0.375p 0.415fo 1.250p 0.415fo 0.375p
ABAQUE DE MACQUART
-0.8Mo -0.8Mo
0.640Mo 0.2Mo 0.640Mo
Poutres charges uniformment rparties
0.4p 0.519fo 1.1p 0.039fo 1.1p 0.519fo 0.4p simultanment sur toutes les traves
-0.857Mo -0.571Mo -0.857Mo
0.617Mo 0.292Mo 0.292Mo 0.617Mo
0.395p 0.485fo 1.143p 0.149fo 0.929p 0.149fo 1.143p 0.485fo 0.395p

-0.842Mo -0.631Mo -0.631Mo -0.842Mo


0.623Mo 0.266Mo 0.289Mo 0.266Mo 0.623Mo
0.395p 0.495fo 1.132p 0.116fo 0.974p 0.240fo 0.974p 0.116fo 1.132p 0.495fo 0.395p

-0.846Mo -0.615Mo -0.680Mo -0.615Mo -0.846Mo


0.622Mo 0.272Mo 0.347Mo 0.347Mo 0.272Mo 0.622Mo
0.394p 0.490fo 1.135p 0.120fo 0.962p 0.211fo 1.019p 0.211fo 0.962p 0.120fo 1.135p 0.490fo 0.394p

-0.845Mo -0.620Mo -0.676Mo -0.676Mo -0.620Mo -0.845Mo


0.622Mo 0.270Mo 0.353Mo 0.324Mo 0.353Mo 0.270Mo 0.622Mo
0.394p 0.490fo 1.134p 0.116fo 0.965p 0.216fo 1.007p 0.183fo 1.007p 0.216fo 0.965p 0.116fo 1.134p 0.490fo 0.394p

-0.846Mo -0.619Mo -0.692Mo -0.665Mo -0.692Mo -0.619Mo -0.846Mo


0.622Mo 0.272Mo 0.351Mo 0.330Mo 0.330Mo 0.351Mo 0.272Mo 0.622Mo
0.394p 1.134p 0.964p 1.010p 0.995p 1.010p 0.964p 1.134p 0.394p

dans cette abaque on calcule le moment maximum Mo, les ractions et la flche maximum de la trave simple considre
comme isostatique, puis on applique les coefficients donns ci-dessus pour trouver les diffrents moments, flches et
ractions des poutres hyperstatiques

nota : le chargement est considr comme une CUR uniformment rpartie sur toute la longueur.