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LES PRINCIPAUX TEMPS DE LA LANGUE ANGLAISE

TEMPS CONSTRUCTION CONDITION(S) DUSAGE EXEMPLE(S)

Fr: Prsent continu 1. Action en train de se raliser 1. He is reading now/at the moment.
Auxiliaire be au prsent + verbe-ing
GB: Present continuous 2. Projets lis un futur proche 2. They are coming next Sunday.

- Infinitif sans to (base verbale) sauf la 1. Action habituelle, rpte 1. I work every day.
Fr : Prsent simple 3me personne du singulier, ajouter un
s ou es. 2. Gnralit, vrit gnrale 2. The sun rises in the east.
- Forme ngative: I dont listen She
3. Narration, rcit dune histoire 3. Then, she eats dinner and goes to bed.
GB: Present simple doesnt listen.

- Forme interrogative: Do you listen? 4. Evnements dun emploi du 4. The train to London leaves at 6.pm.
Does she listen? temps rgulier

1. Action date et acheve 1. They lived in Paris in 1996.


Fr : Prtrit simple - Verbes rguliers: base verbale + -ed
- Verbes irrguliers: 2me colonne 2. Hypothses irrelles aprs if 2. If I were there, I would be happy.
- Forme ngative: I didnt eat
GB: Simple Past - Forme interrogative: Did you eat? 3. Hypothses irrelles aprs I 3. I wish I were there now.
wish

Fr : Prtrit continu 1. Action qui tait en train de se 1. He was learning Chinese in 1996.
drouler un moment prcis
Auxiliaire be au prtrit (was/were) + du pass
verbe-ing
2. Action en cours dans le pass 2. The secretary was talking on the
GB: Past continuous
interrompue par une autre phone when her boss arrived.
action au prtrit
Fr : Present perfect Auxiliaire have au prsent + verbe au 1. Action passe non date ou 1. Im tired. I have worked a lot.
simple (le parfait) participe pass (= -ed pour les verbes au rsultat visible
rguliers; 3me colonne des verbes
GB: Present perfect irrguliers) 2. Action passe ayant valeur de 2. I have already been to America.
simple
bilan

1. Action passe non date ou 1. I have a lot of work. I have been


Fr : Present perfect au rsultat visible mais studying for three hours now.
progressif (le parfait susceptible de se poursuivre
progressif) Auxiliaire have au prsent + been + (laccent est mis sur la dure
verbe -ing de laction plutt que le 1bis. I have a lot of work. I have been
GB: Present perfect
rsultat) studying since 3pm.
continuous

1. Action antrieure au rcit 1. They had worked all day because she
Auxiliaire have au prtrit (had) + wanted to rest at the weekend.
Fr : Plus que parfait verbe au participe pass (= -ed pour
les verbes rguliers; 3me colonne des 2. Action antrieure une autre 2. She had slept before she left home.
GB: Past perfect simple verbes irrguliers) action au prtrit

Fr : Plus que parfait Auxiliaire have au prtrit (had) + 1. Action antrieure une autre 1. They had been driving all night long
progressif been + verbe -ing action au prtrit mais cette when the car suddenly broke down.
premire action tait
GB: Past perfect
susceptible de se prolonger.
continuous
(laccent est mis sur la dure)
1. Prdiction sur lavenir 1. French people will speak better
English in the next decades.
Fr : Futur simple 2. Gnralit, vrit gnrale 2. The sun will rise in the east.
sans valeur de futur en anglais
- Auxiliaire will + base verbale
scientifique

GB: Future simple 3. Le prsent simple a une valeur 3. I will stop working when/as soon as/
de futur aprs les conjonctions once bob returns home.
de temps (when, as soon as,
once, etc.)

Fr : Futur progressif
1. Action qui sera en train de se 1. Tomorrow evening, I will be
- Auxiliaire will + be + verbe -ing drouler un moment donn watching the game at 8.
du futur
GB: Future continuous

Fr : Futur antrieur
1. Action future antrieure un 1. Next week, she will have finished
- Auxiliaire will + have + participe pass moment du futur. her project.
GB: Future perfect

Fr : Conditionnel prsent
1. Situation irelle du prsent 1. If I had a car, I would drive there.
- would + base verbale (aprs if, utilisation du
prtrit modal = action
GB: Simple conditional
irraliste)