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Habilidades sociales y

emocionales
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INTRODUCCIÓN

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Introducción Habilidades
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6 ©OCDE ©OCDE 7
01. MEDICIÓN DE LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES 01. MEDICIÓN DE LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES

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8 ©OCDE ©OCDE 9
02. LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES IMPULSAN RESULTADOS CRÍTICOS &/ LA VIDA

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10 ©OCDE ©OCDE 11
02. LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES IMPULSAN RESULTADOS CRÍTICOS EN LA VIDA 02. LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES IMPULSAN RESULTADOS CRÍTICOS EN LA VIDA

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  C A KDELOLGDGHV VRFLDOHV \ HPRFLRQDOHV SXHGHQ VHU HVFRQWUDULDDORVLQWHUHVHVGHODRUJDQL]DFLµQWDOHVFRPR
HVSHFLDOPHQWH LPSRUWDQWHV SDUD DTXHOODV SHUVRQDV FRQ HO DXVHQWLVPR LQVXOWDU D ORV FRPSD³HURV UREDU R YHUVH
- 0.05 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3
EDMRV QLYHOHV GH KDELOLGDGHV FRJQLWLYDV 8Q HVWXGLR VREUH LQPHUVR HQ HO DEXVR GHO DOFRKRO R GH GURJDV /D )LJXUD 
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ORV SUHGLFWRUHV FRJQLWLYRV \ VRFLDOHV GH ODV SRVWHULRUHV PXHVWUD HO WDPD³R GH OD UHODFLµQ HQWUH ORV &LQFR *UDQGHV
JDQDQFLDV HQ OD YLGD HQFRQWUµ TXH VL ELHQ DPERV )DFWRUHV \ HVWRV GLIHUHQWHV DVSHFWRV GHO GHVHPSH³R
FRQMXQWRV GH KDELOLGDGHV HUDQ LPSRUWDQWHV SDUD ODV ODERUDO SURPHGLDGRV HQWUH PXFKRV HVWXGLRV /D FRQFLHQFLD
Nota: (OJUDGRGHFRUUHODFLyQ representa los promedios de coeficientes de correlación entre estudios.
SHUVRQDV FRQ ORV LQJUHVRV P£V EDMRV ODV KDELOLGDGHV TXHSUHVHQWDORVFRHILFLHQWHVGHFRUUHODFLµQP£VDOWRVIXHOD
VRFLDOHV \ HPRFLRQDOHV VRQ HQWUH  D  YHFHV P£V PHMRU FDOLILFDGD SDUD WRGRV ORV FULWHULRV GH GHVHPSH³R
Mejores habilidades para un mejor rendimiento laboral LPSRUWDQWHVTXHODKDELOLGDGFRJQLWLYD8QDGHODVUD]RQHV ODERUDO
/DV KDELOLGDGHV FRJQLWLYDV WDOHV FRPR OD LQWHOLJHQFLD HGXFDWLYRV 'H KHFKR ODV KDELOLGDGHV VRFLDOHV \ SDUD HVWR HV TXH ODV SHUVRQDV FRQ EDMDV KDELOLGDGHV
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HPEDUJR UHFLHQWHPHQWH OD HYLGHQFLD HPS¯ULFD DSXQWD HQ GHWHUPLQDU HO HPSOHR IXWXUR 3RU HMHPSOR XQ DQ£OLVLV FRJQLWLYDV
KDFLDODVKDELOLGDGHVVRFLDOHV\HPRFLRQDOHVTXHWDPEL«Q VREUHORVHIHFWRVGHORVUHVXOWDGRVRFXSDFLRQDOHVHQFRQWUµ
DIHFWDQ HQ IRUPD GLUHFWD XQD YDULHGDG GH UHVXOWDGRV TXH ODV KDELOLGDGHV VRFLDOHV \ HPRFLRQDOHV WLHQHQ WDQWD Figura 5 388'£!$-ó26831'&-3'2;8'£R9&LQFR*UDQGHV)DFWRUHV@£!9&-1'29-32'9&'£&'9'16'ñ3£!#38!£
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Figura 4 Efectos promedio de las habilidades sociales y emocionales sobre los resultados ocupacionales
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GHOHIHFWR(6(HVWDWXVVRFLRHFRQyPLFR&,PHGLGDGHODLQWHOLJHQFLDJHQHUDO)XHQWH5REHUWVHWDO   (OJUDGRGHFRUUHODFLyQUHSUHVHQWDORVSURPHGLRVGHFRHILFLHQWHVGHFRUUHODFLyQHQWUHHVWXGLRV)XHQWH6DFNHWW\:DOPVOH\  

12 ©OCDE ©OCDE 13
02. LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES IMPULSAN RESULTADOS CRÍTICOS EN LA VIDA 02. LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES IMPULSAN RESULTADOS CRÍTICOS EN LA VIDA

,QJUHGLHQWHVHVHQFLDOHVGHOELHQHVWDUSHUVRQDO >3/8/8-6+<+7/8>/?8+</6+-3J88/1+>3@+7?-297F=IXHUWH +69=+I9=.//.+.>3/8/8:<9,+,363.+.7?-297/89<./


$TXHOORVFRQPD\RUHVKDELOLGDGHVVRFLDOHV\HPRFLRQDOHV >/8/<:<9,6/7+=-98.?->?+6/=+69= +I9=.//.+.
/3 2%35,4!$/3 %$5#!4)6/3 : %#/.@-)#/3 3/. !30%#4/3 $%")$/ ! ,! #2%#)%.4% #/.#)%.#)! GH 15% ,/3 ).$)#!$/2%3
)-0/24!.4%3 %. ,! 6)$! $% 5.! 0%23/.! ). %-"!2'/ %#/.@-)#/3 42!$)#)/.!,%3 ./ /&2%#%. 5. 0!./2!-!
Figura 7 ro6orcióndeadole9cente9con6roble1a9conductuale9 en relación con9u9,abilidade9 cogniti=a9T 9ociale9 @ e1ocionale9
4!-")=.05%$%.#/.3)$%2!23%#/-/XQ-%$)/0!2!,/'2!2 #/-0,%4/ $%, ")%.%34!2 '%.%2!, $% ,/3 ).$)6)$5/3 : ,!3
REMHWLYRV-<3LPSRUWDQWHV4!,%3#/-/OD"5%.!3!,5$XQD 3/#)%$!$%3 !3 (!"),)$!$%3 3/#)!,%3 : %-/#)/.!,%3 4!,%3
"5%.! #!,)$!$ $% 6)$! : 3%.4)23% 0,%./ : &%,); . ,!3 #/-/,!%34!"),)$!$%-/#)/.!,%,/04)-)3-/,!4/,%2!.#)!: 40 % 40 %

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6)$!(!.2%#)")$/-!:/2!4%.#)@.$%ORVGLULJHQWHVSRO¯WLFRV 0%23/.!,:,!3!4)3&!##)@.'%.%2!,#/.,!6)$!
30 % 30 %

"alud
20 % 20 %
+,6+8.9 /8 ?8 =/8>3.9 +7:639 6R= UHVXOWDGRV ./ @3.+ IXHUWHPHQWHYLQFXODGDVDXQDDPSOLDYDULHGDGGHUHVXOWDGRV
</6+-398+.R= -98 6+ =+6?. :?/./8 -6+=303-+<=/ -979 HQ OD VDOXG PHQWDO 3RU HMHPSOR ORV UHVXOWDGRV
:/<>38/8>/= + 6+ =+6?. 7/8>+6 :/4 ./:</=3J8 C 9><+= FRPELQDGRVGHQXPHURVRVHVWXGLRVVREUHODUHODFLµQHQWUH 10 % 10 %
:=3-9:+>9691H+= -98.?->+= =+6?.+,6/= :+<>3-3:+< /8 ORV &LQFR *UDQGHV )DFWRUHV \ ODV FRQGLFLRQHV GH VDOXG
+->3@3.+./=</6+-398+.+=-986+=+6?.-979/6/4/<-3-39C KDQ HQFRQWUDGR TXH OD (VWDELOLGDG (PRFLRQDO OD
0% 0%
6+ =+6?. 0H=3-+ :/4 -98.3-3J8 0H=3-+ /80/<7/.+./= 0H=3-+= &RQFLHQFLD \ OD $IDELOLGDG WLHQHQ XQD UHOHYDQFLD
a/a Al;a a/a Al;a
.3+189=>3-+.+= C 038+67/8>/ OD PRUWDOLGDG  +D\ SRFDV SDUWLFXODUPHQWHLPSRUWDQWHSDUDODVDOXG )LJXUD 
GXGDVGHTXHODVKDELOLGDGHVVRFLDOHV\HPRFLRQDOHVHVW£Q +$%,/,'$'(6&2*1,7,9$6 +$%,/,'$'(662&,$/(6<(02&,21$/(6

O)LJXUD(VWLPDGRVGHFRUUHODFLµQSURPHGLRSDUDFDWHJRU¯DVGHFRQGLFLRQHVGHYLGD\ORV&LQFR*UDQGHV)DFWRUHV Fuente:OEl‰‡ˆŒmW

([WUDYHUVLyQ $IDELOLGDG &RQFLHQFLD (VWDELOLGDGHPRFLRQDO $SHUWXUDDODH[SHULHQFLD

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0.25 6 ,3/8/=>+< =?,4/>3@9 :?/./ ./0383<=/ -979 /6 >/8/< ?8 /79-398+6/= C 6+ =+>3=0+--3J8 /8 6+ @3.+ ;?/ /8></ 6+=
,?/8 /=>+.9 7/8>+6 38-6?C/8.9 >9.+= 6+= .3@/<=+= 2+,363.+./=-9183>3@+=C6+=+>3=0+--3J8/86+@3.+31?<+
*5$'2'(&255(/$&,Ð1

0.2 /@+6?+-398/= :9=3>3@+= C 8/1+>3@+= ;?/ 6+= :/<=98+= +,/ +89>+< ;?/ /8 69= 1<F03-9= 6+ 6H8/+ 29<3D98>+6 GH 6+
2+-/8 =9,</ =?= @3.+= 6 /B+738+< 69= /0/->9= ./ 6+= 3D;?3/<.+897?/=><+@3<>?+67/8>/8381?8+</6+-3J8/8></6+
0.15
2+,363.+./= =9-3+6/= C /79-398+6/= =9,</ 6+= 0?>?<+= =+>3=0+--3J8-986+@3.+C6+2+,363.+.-9183>3@+:/<9HQ6+
0.1 -98.3-398/=./@3.+./69=4J@/8/=/8/.?-+-3J87/.3+C 6H8/+ +=-/8./8>/ GH 6+ ./</-2+ VH 7?/=><+ ?8+ </6+-3J8
=/-?8.+<3+</06/4J/81<+87/.3.+69=2+66+D19=9,>/83.9= </6+>3@+7/8>/ :9=3>3@+ -98 6+= 2+,363.+./= =9-3+6/= C
0.05
+ :+<>3< ./  7?/=><+=  ./  +.?6>9=  69 ;?/ =?13/</ ?8+ /79-398+6/=
</6+-3J87?-297F=IXHUWHHQWUHODVKDELOLGDGHVVRFLDOHV\
0

- 0.05 Figura 8 robabilidadde9entir9e1u@(eliAenrelaciónconla9,abilidade9cogniti=a9T 9ociale9 @ e1ocionale9


6$/8'*(1(5$/ 6$/8'0(17$/ &21'8&7$66$/8'$%/(6 6$/8')Ì6,&$
50 % 50 %

1RWD(OJUDGRGHFRUUHODFLyQUHSUHVHQWDORVSURPHGLRVGHFRHILFLHQWHVGHFRUUHODFLyQHQWUHHVWXGLRV )XHQWH6WULFNKRXVHU=HOODQG.UL]DQ  


40 % 40 %

+.9 ;?/ 6+= 2+,363.+./= =9-3+6/= C /79-398+6/= 2+8 69= </=?6>+.9= /8 6+ =+6?. 0H=3-+ #9< /4/7:69 =/ 2+
30 % 30 %
/=>+,6/-3.9@H8-?69=-986+=+6?.7/8>+6C6+=-98.?->+= /8-98><+.9 ;?/ 6R= &LQFR *UDQGHV )DFWRUHV =/
VDOXGDEOHV 6+= -?+6/= + =? @/D +0/->+8 6+ =+6?. 0H=3-+ -9<</6+-398+8 /8 09<7+ :9=3>3@+ -98 6+ 6981/@3.+. C ./
20 % 20 %
:9./79=/=:/<+<?8+</6+-3J8/8><//=>+=KDELOLGDGHV\ 7+8/<+8/1+>3@+-986+9,/=3.+.

10 % 10 %
Problemas conductuales
0% 0%
)8+ ./ 6+= 09<7+= 7F= 37:9<>+8>/= /8 6+= ;?/ 6+= 36H-3>+=#9</4/7:696+31?<+7?/=><+;?/6+-+:+-3.+.
a/a Al;a a/a Al;a
2+,363.+./= =9-3+6/= C /79-398+6/= ,/8/03-3+8 >+8>9 + 83I9= -9183>3@+ + 69=  +I9= ./ /.+. >3/8/ ?8+ </6+-3J8 </6+>3
-979 +.?6>9= /= 6+ ./ </1?6+< :<9,6/7+= -98.?->?+6/= >+6/= @+7/8>/ .G,36 -98 69= :<9,6/7+= -98.?->?+6/= + 6+ /.+. +$%,/,'$'(6&2*1,7,9$6 +$%,/,'$'(662&,$/(6<(02&,21$/(6

-9796++1</=3J86+@396/8-3+/6<9,9C/6?=9./=?=>+8-3+= ./ /8>+8>9;?/6+=2+,363.+./==9-3+6/=C/79-398+6/=


Fuente:OEl‰‡ˆŒmW

14 ©OCDE ©OCDE 15
02. LAS HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES IMPULSAN RESULTADOS CRÍTICOS EN LA VIDA

(OLPSDFWRGHODV
+ /=>+,363.+. /79-398+6 :+</-/ =/< 6+ .37/8=3J8 7F= :</-3=+ ./ /=>+= FRU</6+-398/= C+ ;?/ >+7,3G8 =/ 2+
</6/@+8>/ ./ 6R= &LQFR *UDQGHV )DFWRUHV SDUD OD
=+>3=0+--3J8 -98 6+ @3.+ + 31?<+  >+7,3G8 =?13/</
JUDGRV GH FRUUHODFLµQ 89>9<3+7/8>/ =3736+</= :+<+ .9=
/8-98><+.9 ;?//6,3/8/=>+< :<97?/@/ -+7,39= :9=3>3@9=
/8 6+ :/<=98+63.+. /8></ 9><9= 0+->9</= ;?/ :?/./
7/49<+< =37?6>F8/+7/8>/ 6+= 2+,363.+./= =9-3+6/= C
KDELOLGDGHVVRFLDOHV
</=?6>+.9=./6+-+63.+../@3.+=+>3=0+--3J8:9<6+@3.+C
/6><+,+49'38HPEDUJRHVXQGHVDI¯RHVWDEOHFHUODFDXVD
/79-398+6/=./6+=:/<=98+=CVXFDOLGDGGHYLGD
\HPRFLRQDOHV
Figura 9 orrelacione9 6ro1edio delR9&LQFR*UDQGHV)DFWRUHVcon la 9ati9(acción ante la =ida @ el traba/o

(VWDELOLGDGHPRFLRQDO ([WUDYHUVLyQ $SHUWXUD $IDELOLGDG &RQFLHQFLD


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0.1

+ 3809<7+-3J8 =9,</ 6+= 2+,363.+./= =9-3+6/= C += =31?3/8>/= =/--398/= :<90?8.3D+8 /8 6+= 2+,363.+./=
/79-398+6/= 38.3@3.?+6/= /= @+639=+ /8 6+ 7/.3.+ HQ ;?/ /=:/-H03-+= ./8><9 ./ ORV IDFWRUHV C /8 6+= 2+,363.+./=
0 =/+7F=:</-3=+C./7+C9<?>363.+.:+<+=/I+6+</6-+7389 -97:?/=>+=
SATISFACCIÓN LABORAL SATISFACCIÓN ANTE LA VIDA 2+-3+ 38>/<@/8-398/= /0/->3@+= ,<38.+8.9 + 69= :+.</= C
7+/=><9= 7/49< 3809<7+-3J8 +-/<-+ ./ KDFLD .J8./ .3<313<
-?+6;?3/<38>/<@/8-3J8
1RWD(OJUDGRGHFRUUHODFLyQUHSUHVHQWDORVSURPHGLRVGHFRHILFLHQWHVGHFRUUHODFLyQHQWUHHVWXGLRV)XHQWH-XGJH+HOOHU 0RXQW  

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ORV GHP£V ><+,+4+.9< :/<=3=>/8>/ 9<./8+.9 YLUWXRVR C
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38@/=>31+-3J8:?,63-+.+=/2+/809-+.9 C+ /8 6+ .37/8=3J8 YDULDVKDELOLGDGHVGH&RQFLHQFLD\JUDGRVGHODVHFXQGDULD
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16 ©OCDE ©OCDE 17
03. EL IMPACTO DE HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES ESPECIFICAS (1/26 5(68/7$'26 DE VIDA 03. EL IMPACTO DE HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES ESPECIFICAS (1/265(68/7$'26'(9,'$

Figura 10&RUUHODFLµQHQWUHODVKDELOLGDGHVGH&RQFLHQFLD\ODVFDOLILFDFLRQHVXQLYHUVLWDULDV\GHVHFXQGDULD += 2+,363.+./= ./ &RQFLHQFLD >+7,3G8 /=>F8 +=9-3+.+= /D UHVSRQVDELOLGDG >3/8/ ?8+ FRU</6+-3J8 8/1+>3@+
-98 6+= -98.?->+= </6+>3@+= + 6+ =+6?. 31?<+
 #9< VLJQLILFDWLYD-98/6?=9./.<91+=/6=?3-3.39C6+@396/8-3+
/4/7:69 /6   
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!£-(-$!$-32'9XQLYHUVLWDULDV !£-(-$!$-32'9&'VHFXQGDULD :<9,+,363.+. ./ ?=9 ./ =?=>+8-3+= -98.?--3J8 YHKLFXODU >+7,3G8 /=>F8 FRU</6+-398+.9= 8/1+>3@+7/8>/ -98 HO
ULHVJRVDC@396/8-3+ FRPSRUWDPLHQWRQRVDOXGDEOH
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./=/7:/I9 6+,9<+6 GHVHPSH³R HQ ODV >+</+= ./.3-+-3J8 IXHUWHPHQWH -9<</6+-398DGD 8/1+>3@+7/8>/ -98 -98.?->+=
ODERUDO C FRPSRUWDPLHQWR FRQWUDSURGXFHQWH + 9<3/8>+-3J8 6+,9<+6/= -98><+:<9.?-HQWHV>+6/=-979/6+?=/8>3=79
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OD YLGD VH YH LQIOXHQFLDGR QR VROR SRU VXV KDELOLGDGHV (VWDLQIOX\HHQHODSUHQGL]DMH\ODILMDFLµQGHREMHWLYRVGH
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24 ©OCDE ©OCDE 25
03. EL IMPACTO DE HABILIDADES SOCIALES Y EMOCIONALES ESPECIFICAS (1/265(68/7$'26'(9,'$

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Viechtbauer (2006).
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

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28 ©OCDE ©OCDE 29
CONCLUSIONES

Conclusiones
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30 ©OCDE ©OCDE 31
Bibliografía
£1£<2&TW';!£Wl‰‡ˆˆmT“Personality psychology and economics”, -m70ooho=|_; 1omolb1vo= 7†1-ࢼom,  l‰‡ˆŒ!mT"hbѲѲv=ou"o1b-Ѳuo]u;vv‫ث‬$_;o‰;uo="o1b-Ѳ-m7 loࢼom-Ѳ"hbѲѲvT 0-££9;<&-'9T
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'$01!2TWW!2&W!<;Al‰‡ˆ‰mT[ !8&'=-&'2$'3293đ90-££9[, Labour EconomicsT3£WˆŽl‹mT66W‹Œˆf‹¤‹T ,ħ6Vcc&3-W38+cˆ‡Wˆˆcˆ‹Œ¤Žˆ¤ˆ‹Œ‹ŠŽ‰
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