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8th APC Scientific Program Summary / 7 Geographical Patterns of Major Health Challenges (HIV/AIDS, Malaria,

NCDs, Etc.) In Africa • La répartition géographique des principaux


Sommaire du programme scientifique problèmes de santé (VIH/sida, paludisme, maladies non transmissibles,
etc.) en Afrique - Elgon Hall
de la 8ème CPA 8 Negotiating Evidence-Informed Decision Making • Négocier une prise
de décision fondée sur des preuves - Kidepo Hall
Sunday, November 17 / Dimanche, 17 Novembre
8:00 AM - 4:00 PM Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
1 Side Meeting: Youth-led Research in Africa • Réunion parallèle:
Recherche dirigée par des jeunes en Afrique - Theatre Hall P1 Poster Session 1 • Séance posters 1 - Banquet Hall

Sunday, November 17 / Dimanche, 17 Novembre Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre


2:00 PM - 6:00 PM 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM

2 Free Census and Survey Microdata Workshop • Atelier sur les donnés 9 First DD and Prospects for the Second DD in Africa • Vieillissement et
d’enquêtes et de recensements - Kama Hall deuxième dividende démographique - Theatre Hall
10 Experiences with the Right to Food and Drivers of Food Choices in low
income settings in sub-Saharan Africa • Expériences sur le droit à
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre l'alimentation et les déterminants des choix alimentaires dans les
10:00 AM - 12:00 PM milieux à faible revenu en Afrique subsaharienne - Elgon Hall
11 Fertility Patterns That Deviate from Conventional Theories • Des
3 Opening Ceremony • Cérémonie d'ouverture - Kabalega Gardens schémas de fécondité qui s'écartent des théories conventionnelles -
Kidepo Hall
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre 12 Leaving No Woman, No Child Behind: What Evidence On Inequalities
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM For RMNCH Is Needed To Advocate And Act? • Laisser aucune
femme, aucun enfant derrière: quelles données probantes sur les
inégalités pour la SRMNI sont nécessaires pour prôner et agir ? -
4 Plenary Session: Population and Development in Africa: 25 years after Kyoga Hall
Cairo… what next? • Séance plénière: Population et développement en
13 Rights-Based Family Planning II • Planification familiale fondée sur les
Afrique: 25 ans après le Caire… et après? - Ziba Hall
droits II - Princess Hall
5 Emerging Issues in CRVS and ID • Nouveaux défis pour
14 Key Risk Factors of under-Five Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa •
l’enregistrement et les statistiques des faits d'état en Afrique - Theatre
Principaux facteurs de risque de mortalité des moins de cinq ans en
Hall
Afrique subsaharienne - Bwindi Hall
6 Emerging Patterns of Sexual Networking in the Era of HIV/AIDS • Les 15 "Diverging Destinies" In sub-Saharan Africa • « Parcours et itinéraires
nouveaux modèles de relations sexuelles à l'ère du VIH/sida - Kama Hall familiaux divergents » en Afrique subsaharienne - Executive Room

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16 Harnessing the African Union’s Demographic Dividend Paradigm at (PMDPAR) - Kyoga Hall
Country Level: The Issue of Policy Prioritization and Agenda 23 Reference Centers in Census with Electronic Data Collection in Africa
Operationalization • Exploiter le paradigme du dividende • Centres de référence pour les recensements avec collecte électronique
démographique de l’Union africaine au niveau des pays : la question de des données en Afrique - Princess Hall
la hiérarchisation des politiques et de la mise en œuvre des programmes
24 Internal Migration, Poverty and Inequality • Migrations internes,
- Kuku Hall
pauvreté et inégalités - Bwindi Hall
25 Conditions Necessary for African Countries to Harness the Dividend
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre and Costs of Inaction • Conditions nécessaires pour que les pays
4:00 PM - 7:00 PM africains exploitent les dividendes et les coûts de l'inaction - Executive
Room
17 Training Workshop: Estimating Fertility, Mortality, and Population:
Methods Used in the Global Burden of Disease Study • Estimation de Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
la fécondité, de la mortalité et de la population: méthodes utilisées dans 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
l'étude mondiale sur la charge de morbidité - Ziba Hall
18 Workshop: Proven EIDM Capacity Development Programmes Offer
26 Plenary Session: No Urban Legend: Taking the Long-Term View on
Opportunity For Sustainable EIDM Capacity Development For
the Realities of Urbanization in Africa • Séance plénière: Aucune
Population Scientists In Africa • Atelier de formation: Les programmes
légende urbaine: adopter une vision à long terme des réalités de
reconnus de développement des capacités sur l’élaboration de
l'urbanisation en Afrique - Ziba Hall
politiques fondées sur des données probantes offrent la possibilité d'un
développement durable de ces capacités pour les spécialistes de la 27 Family Planning: Policy and Practice • Planification familiale: politique
population en Afrique - Kama Hall et pratique - Theatre Hall
28 Reproductive Morbidity • Morbidité Reproductive - Kama Hall
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre 29 SRH and Family Planning • SSR et planification familiale - Elgon Hall
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM 30 Innovations in Health Systems and Maternal, Newborn and Child
Health • Innovations dans les systèmes de santé et la santé des mères,
des nouveau-nés et des enfants - Kidepo Hall
19 Population Projections: Methods, Assumptions and Implications •
Projections démographiques des Nations Unies - Theatre Hall 31 Role of Gender in Accelerating the Demographic Dividend • Rôle du
genre dans l'accélération du dividende démographique - Kyoga Hall
20 Adolescent Reproductive Health and Rights • Santé et droits
reproductifs des adolescents - Elgon Hall
21 Post-Abortion Care in Sub-Saharan Africa since the ICPD • Les soins Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
post-abortifs en Afrique subsaharienne depuis la CIPD - Kidepo Hall 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
22 Interventions and Programs to Improve Family Planning Access among
the Underserved, Internally Displaced and the Most at-Risk 32 Regional Discussion on Population and Development 25 Years after
Populations (MARPs) • Interventions et programmes visant à améliorer Cairo • Débat régional sur la population et le développement 25 ans
l'accès à la planification familiale parmi les populations mal desservies, après le Caire - Ziba Hall
déplacées à l'intérieur du pays et les populations les plus à risque 33 Ageing and Care in Africa: Policies, Intentions and Realities •

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Vieillissement et soins en Afrique : Politiques, intentions et réalités - Data • Le cycle 2020 des recensements - Opportunités pour la collecte
Theatre Hall des données géoréférencées - Theatre Hall
34 Urban Family Planning • Planification familiale urbaine - Kama Hall 44 Evaluation/Transformation of the Civil Registration System for Access
35 Side Meeting: Family and Unions in SSA: Homage to Veronique to More Timely and Reliable Vital Data in Africa • Évaluation /
Hertrich • Réunion parallèle: Famille et nuptialité en Afrique Transformation du système d'état civil pour un accès rapide à des
subsaharienne: hommage à Véronique Hertrich - Elgon Hall données vitales plus fiables en Afrique - Kama Hall
36 Evaluation of Population, Reproductive Health and HIV policies and 45 Epidemiology and Demography of HIV/AIDS • Epidémiologie et
programs • Évaluation des politiques et programmes en matière de démographie du VIH/SIDA - Elgon Hall
population, de santé de la reproduction et de VIH - Kidepo Hall 46 Climate Change, Environment and Population Health • Changement
37 Initiatives Promoting the use of Census Data in Africa • Initiatives climatique, environnement et santé de la population - Kidepo Hall
visant à promouvoir l'utilisation des données de recensement en
Afrique - Kyoga Hall Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
38 Substance Use Behaviors Among Youth In Sub-Saharan Africa • 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Comportements liés à la consommation d'alcool et d'autres substances
psychoactives chez les jeunes en Afrique subsaharienne - Princess Hall
47 Evaluation of Youth Interventions • Évaluation des interventions
39 Health Burden • Fardeau de la santé - Bwindi Hall
auprès des jeunes - Theatre Hall
40 Antenatal Care • Soin prénatal - Executive Room
48 Integrating Traditional and New Forms of Data Source including
41 African Models for The Demographic Dividend – Practical Accessibility of New and Innovative Data • Intégration des sources
Interventions, Lessons and Policy Options • Modèles africains pour le traditionnelles et nouvelles données - Kama Hall
dividende démographique - Interventions pratiques, leçons et options
49 Perspectives and Prospects for a Global Migration Survey •
politiques - Kuku Hall
Perspectives et possibilités d'une enquête mondiale sur les migrations -
Elgon Hall
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre 50 Gender Theories of Fertility • Les théories du genre sur la fécondité -
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM Kidepo Hall
51 Indirect Estimation of the Incidence of Abortion- Methodological
P2 Poster Session 2 • Séance posters 2 - Banquet Hall Advances, Challenges and Advantages • Estimation indirecte de
l'incidence de l'avortement - avancées méthodologiques, défis et
avantages - Kyoga Hall
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre 52 Innovative Public Health Policies and Health Systems • Politiques de
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM santé publique et systèmes de santé innovants - Princess Hall
53 Demography of Human Capital Formation • La démographie de la
42 Plenary Session: Innovation & Technology for Sustainable formation du capital humain - Bwindi Hall
Development in Africa: Valorizing Youth and the Private Sector • 54 Linkages between Urban, Peri-Urban and Rural Areas • Liens entre les
Séance plénière: Innovation et technologie pour le développement zones urbaines, périurbaines et rurales - Executive Room
durable en Afrique: Valoriser la jeunesse et le secteur privé - Ziba Hall
55 Family and Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa: Transformation And
43 The 2020 Census Round - Opportunities Of Georeferenced Census Consequences • Famille et mariage en Afrique subsaharienne :

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Transformation et conséquences - Kuku Hall 63 Children’s and Adolescents’ Welfare including School Health
Programs • Le bien-être des enfants et des adolescents, y compris les
programmes de santé scolaire - Executive Room
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
64 Use of Data for Policies and Programming: Capitalization of Survey
4:00 PM - 7:30 PM and Census Data for More Effective Policies • Utilisation des données
pour les politiques et la programmation : Mise en valeur des données
65 Labor Productivity and Fertility – Using the Canning-Karra-Wilde d'enquête et de recensement pour des politiques plus efficaces - Kuku
Model • Atelier sur le modèle CKW pour examiner la productivité du Hall
travail - Ziba Hall
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre 7:30 PM - 8:30 PM
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
RIPS Alumni Meeting • Rencontre des anciens du RIPS
56 Innovative Applications of Qualitative Methods in Population Research
• Applications novatrices des méthodes qualitatives à la recherche Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor
démographique - Theatre Hall
57 New Forms of Data and How They Can Address Challenges of Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Traditional Data Sources, including Health and Demographic
Surveillance Systems • Nouvelles formes de données et comment elles 8:30 AM - 9:00 AM
peuvent relever les défis des sources de données traditionnelles, y
compris les systèmes de surveillance démographique et de santé - Documentary on Uganda • Documentaire sur l'Ouganda
Kama Hall
58 Vulnerable Youth and SRHR • Jeunes vulnérables et SDSR (“Santé et Ziba Hall - First Floor
droits en matière de sexualité et de reproduction”) - Elgon Hall
59 Fertility Patterns That Deviate from Conventional Theories II • Des Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
modèles de fertilité qui s’écartent des théories conventionnelles II - 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Kidepo Hall
60 Unmet Need and Demand for Family Planning- Measurement and
66 Uganda Day Opening Ceremony • Cérémonie d'ouverture de la journée
Conceptual Issues • Les besoins et demandes non satisfaits en matière
de l'Ouganda - Ziba Hall
de planification familiale - Mesures et questions conceptuelles - Kyoga
Hall
61 Intimate Partners or Community Leaders: Which Men Matter Most for Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Access to Contraception? • Partenaires intimes ou dirigeants 11:00 AM - 1:00 PM
communautaires: quels sont les hommes les plus importants pour
l'accès à la contraception? - Princess Hall
67 Uganda Day Session 1: Population & Development • Journée de l'
62 UAPS General Assembly Meeting • Assemblée générale de l'UEPA - Ouganda/ Séance 1: La Population et développement - Theatre Hall
Bwindi Hall

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68 Uganda Day Session 2: Young People • Journée de l' Ouganda/ Séance 78 Gender Dividend • Le dividende du genre - Executive Room
2: Les Jeunes - Kama Hall 79 Return Migrations and Return Intentions • Migrations et intentions de
69 Uganda Day Session 3: Statistics • Journée de l' Ouganda/ Séance 3: retour - Kuku Hall
Les Statistiques - Elgon Hall
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre 4:00 PM - 7:30 PM
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
80 Urban Health/Wellbeing • Santé et bien-être en milieu urbain - Ziba
70 Uganda Day Debate Panel: Harnessing Youth Development Potential Hall
in Africa: Have We Failed? • Journée de l' Ouganda/ Panel de débat: 81 Capacity Building for Young Researchers on Policy Communications •
Exploiter le potentiel de développement des jeunes en Afrique: avons- Renforcement des capacités des jeunes chercheurs en matière de
nous échoué? - Ziba Hall politique de communication - Theatre Hall
71 Perinatal And Under-Five Mortality Estimates For sub-Saharan Africa: 82 The Demand for Children in Sub-Saharan African Societies • La
Data, Methods And Patterns • Estimations de la mortalité périnatale et demande d'enfants dans les sociétés d'Afrique subsaharienne - Kama
des moins de cinq ans en Afrique subsaharienne : données, méthodes et Hall
tendances - Theatre Hall
83 Disability in Africa: Overview and Keys to Understanding • Le
72 Expanding access to integrated RMNCH services through digitally- handicap en Afrique : l'aperçu général et les clés de compréhension -
empowered Community Health Workers. • Élargir l’accès aux services Elgon Hall
de SRMNI intégrés par l’intermédiaire d’agents de santé
84 An Assessment of Youth Friendly Health Services among Adolescent
communautaires dotés de moyens numériques - Kama Hall
Girls and Young Women • Une évaluation des services de santé
73 Side Meeting: Networking and Collaboration among Population adaptés aux jeunes chez les adolescentes et les jeunes femmes - Kidepo
Studies Institutes/Departments in Africa for Enhancing Capacities in Hall
the Continent • Réunion parallèle: mise en réseau et collaboration
85 Barriers to the Prioritisation of Demographic Dividend Policies: What
d'instituts / départements d'études démographiques en Afrique pour
Are Challenges to the Implementation of Policy Frameworks to Realise
renforcer les capacités sur le continent - Elgon Hall
the Demographic Dividend and What Role Can Multilateral Institutions
74 Training Workshop on Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Stata • and International Donors Play in Support? • Obstacles à la priorisation
Training Workshop on Longitudinal Data Analysis Using Stata • des politiques de dividende démographique: Quels sont les défis de la
Atelier de formation sur l'analyse de données longitudinales à l'aide de mise en œuvre de cadres politiques pour réaliser le dividende
Stata - Kidepo Hall démographique - Kyoga Hall
75 Couples’ Reproductive Health and Fertility • La santé de la 86 Postnatal Care • Soins postnatals - Princess Hall
reproduction et la fécondité des couples - Kyoga Hall
87 Family Planning in Africa: Who, and Where Are the under-Served? •
76 Rights-Based Family Planning in Resource-Poor Settings • La La planification familiale en Afrique : Qui et où sont les personnes mal
planification familiale basée sur les droits dans les contextes dépourvus desservies ? - Bwindi Hall
de ressources - Princess Hall
88 Smart' and Scalable Interventions for Improving Education Outcomes
77 Migration, Remittances and Development in Origin countries • for Girls and Boys in an Era of Rapidly Changing Technology • Des
Migration, transferts de fonds et développement dans les pays d'origine interventions " intelligentes " et évolutives pour améliorer les résultats
- Bwindi Hall

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scolaires des filles et des garçons à une époque où la technologie Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
évolue rapidement. - Executive Room 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
89 Case Studies on Operationalizing the DD within the Context of Agenda
2063 and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development • Études de cas P3 Poster Session 3 • Séance posters 3 - Banquet Hall
sur la mise en œuvre du DD dans le contexte de l’Agenda 2063 et de
l’Agenda 2030 pour le développement durable - Kuku Hall
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
5:00 PM - 6:00 PM
95 Demography, Democracy and Sustainable Development in Africa:
Which Interrelations? • Démographie, démocratie et développement
Cultural/Tourism Show • Salon Culturel / Tourisme durable en Afrique : quelles interrelations? - Ziba Hall
96 Evaluation of Cash Transfers Interventions • Évaluation des
Kabalega Gardens - Gardens
interventions relatives aux transferts d’argent - Theatre Hall
97 Analyses of Vital Statistics and Administrative Data • Analyses des
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre statistiques de l'état civil et des données administratives - Kama Hall
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 98 Critical issues to be addressed for the realization of a demographic
dividend in Africa • Problèmes critiques à prendre en compte pour la
90 Plenary Session: Evidence-Informed Population Policy Making and réalisation d'un dividende démographique en Afrique - Elgon Hall
Implementation in Africa: Dialogue between Researchers and Policy 99 An Assessment of The Impact of Lack Of Quality Youth Friendly
Makers • Séance plénière: Élaboration et mise en œuvre de politiques Health Services • L’évaluation de l'impact du manque de services de
démographiques fondées sur des données probantes en Afrique : santé de qualité adaptés aux jeunes - Kidepo Hall
dialogue entre chercheurs et décideurs - Ziba Hall
100 Demography of Mental Health in Africa • Démographie de la santé
91 Economic Theories of Fertility at a Micro-Level, for Example Marginal mentale en Afrique - Kyoga Hall
Utility of Children • Les théories micro-économiques de la fécondité,
101 Behavioural Responses to HIV/AIDS and STIs I • Réponses
par exemple l'utilité marginale des enfants - Theatre Hall
comportementales au VIH/sida et aux IST - Princess Hall
92 Strengthening Institutional Research Capacity in Africa: What should
102 Migration and Urbanization Dynamics in Africa: Patterns, Trends and
the priorities be? • Renforcement de la capacité de recherche
Prospects • Dynamique de l'urbanisation en Afrique : modèles,
institutionnelle en Afrique: quelles devraient être les priorités? - Kama
tendances et perspectives - Bwindi Hall
Hall
103 Migration Flows: New Origins, New Destinations, Consequences •
93 Health Insurance and Access to Basic Health Care • Assurances et
Flux migratoires : Nouveaux points de départs, nouvelles destinations
accès aux soins de santé de base - Elgon Hall
et conséquences - Executive Room
94 Urban Health and Wellbeing II • Santé et bien-être urbains II - Kidepo
104 The Collision of Population Growth and Climate Change in the Sahel:
Hall
Implications for Food Security and Development • La collision de la
croissance démographique et du changement climatique au Sahel :
implications pour la sécurité alimentaire et le développement - Kuku
Hall

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Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 115 Applications of Spatial Analysis in Demography • Applications de
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM l'analyse spatiale à la démographie - Ziba Hall
116 Behavioural Responses to HIV/AIDS and STIs II • Réponses
105 Investments in Early Childhood Development to Reap the comportementales au VIH / SIDA et aux IST II - Theatre Hall
Demographic Dividend • Investir dans le développement de la petite 117 Methodological Issues in Population Studies • Questions
enfance pour récolter le dividende démographique - Ziba Hall méthodologiques dans les études de population - Kama Hall
106 Population Dynamics, Environmental Change and Food Security in 118 DEMOSTAFF Project • Projet DEMOSTAFF - Elgon Hall
Africa • Dynamique de la population, changements environnementaux 119 Trends, Determinants and Consequences of Induced Abortion • Les
et sécurité alimentaire en Afrique subsaharienne - Theatre Hall tendances, les déterminants et les conséquences de l'avortement
107 Initiatives to Promote the Use of Census Data in Africa and Health provoqué - Kidepo Hall
Issues • Initiatives visant à promouvoir l'utilisation des données de 120 Barriers to Contraceptive Use • Les obstacles à l'utilisation des
recensement en Afrique et les enjeux de santé - Kama Hall contraceptifs - Kyoga Hall
108 Applying the Capability Approach in Population Studies • Application 121 General Health and Utilization of Health Services • Santé générale et
de l'approche sur les capacités dans les études de population - Elgon utilisation des services de santé - Princess Hall
Hall
122 Women’s Economic Empowerment and Sexual and Reproductive
109 Sexual and Reproductive Health and Reproductive and Rights: Health and Rights in Africa: exploring Intersections and Interlinkages
Success Factors and Barriers • La santé et les droits en matière de • L’émancipation économique des femmes et santé et droits en
sexualité et de procréation : facteurs de succès et obstacles - Kidepo matière de sexualité et de reproduction en Afrique : explorer les
Hall intersections et les interconnexions - Bwindi Hall
110 Migration and Health • Migration et santé - Kyoga Hall 123 Family and Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa: Transformation And
111 Geographical Patterns of Major Health Challenges II • Consequences II • Famille et mariage en Afrique subsaharienne:
Caractéristiques géographiques des principaux problèmes de santé II - transformation et conséquences II - Executive Room
Princess Hall 124 Gender Dimensions of Vulnerability to Climate Change as Well as
112 National Policies, Intergenerational Transfers and the Well-Being of Gender Dimension of Natural Resources • Dimensions sexo-
Older People • Politiques nationales, transferts intergénérationnels et spécifiques de la vulnérabilité au changement climatique et des
bien-être des personnes âgées - Bwindi Hall ressources naturelles - Kuku Hall
113 Education, Employment and Transformation of Gender Relations •
Education, Emploi et Transformation Des Rapports De Genre Au Sein Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Des Ménages - Executive Room 5:00 PM - 8:00 PM
114 Masculinities in Africa: Discourses Regarding Men Sexualities,
Health and wellbeing In A Male-Controlled Society • Masculinités en
Afrique : discours sur la sexualité masculine, la santé et le bien-être UAPS Elections • Elections à l'UEPA
dans une société contrôlée par les hommes - Kuku Hall
Ziba Hall - First Floor

Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre


Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM

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125 Maternal Newborn and Child Health • Santé maternelle du nouveau- Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
né et de l'enfant - Ziba Hall 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
126 Trends and Health and Socio-economic Implications of Ageing in
Africa • Tendances et implications sanitaires et socio-économiques du P4 Poster Session 4 • Séance posters 4 - Banquet Hall
vieillissement en Afrique - Theatre Hall
127 The Role of Behavioral Nudges and Incentives in Achieving
Demographic Transition in Africa • Le rôle des mesures d’incitation Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
comportementales dans la réalisation du dividende démographique en 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Afrique - Kama Hall
128 Early Child Development: Micro and Macro Perspectives • 135 Plenary Session: Data for Development: Quality as a Benchmark to
Développement de la petite enfance: perspectives micro et macro - Achieving Global Goals in Africa • Séance plénière: Données pour le
Elgon Hall développement: la qualité comme repère pour réaliser des objectifs
129 Enhancing Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Restrictive Policy mondiaux en Afrique - Ziba Hall
And Socio-Cultural Contexts • L’enseignement de l'éducation sexuelle 136 Side Meeting: Youth and Sexual and Reproductive Health
globale dans des contextes politiques et socioculturels contraignants - Interventions • Réunion parallèle: Interventions auprès des jeunes et
Kidepo Hall de la santé sexuelle et reproductive - Theatre Hall
130 Men’s Role in Family Planning/ Reproductive Health • Le rôle des 137 Men’s Sexual and Reproductive Health • Santé sexuelle et
hommes dans la planification familiale/la santé reproductive - Kyoga reproductive des hommes - Kama Hall
Hall 138 Family Planning in Africa: How to Better Serve Specific under-
131 Innovative Community Interventions for Improving Maternal, Served Population Groups? • Planification familiale en Afrique:
Newborn, Neonatal, and Child Survival. • Les interventions comment mieux servir certains groupes de population sous-desservis?
communautaires novatrices pour améliorer la survie de la mère, du - Elgon Hall
nouveau-né, et de l'enfant. - Princess Hall 139 Under-Five Nutrition in Africa: Dual Burden of under and
132 Revisit the Definitions of ‘Family’, ‘Union’, and ‘Household’ in the Overnutrition • La nutrition des moins de cinq ans en Afrique : le
Context of Changing Social Norms, Connectedness, Globalization and double fardeau de la sous-nutrition et de la surnutrition - Kidepo Hall
Mobility • Revisiter les définitions de " famille ", " union " et " 140 Understand Changing Patterns of Unions, Families, Households:
ménage " dans le contexte de l'évolution des normes sociales, de la Factors and Consequences on Child and Elders • Comprendre
connectivité, de la mondialisation et de la mobilité - Bwindi Hall l'évolution des unions, des familles et des ménages : facteurs et
133 Effective EIDM Interventions in the Population Field: Evaluation and conséquences sur les jeunes et les personnes âgées. - Kyoga Hall
Documentation of Best Practices • Interventions efficaces de la prise
de décision fondée sur les faits dans le domaine de la population :
Evaluation et documentation des meilleures pratiques - Executive Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
Room 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
134 Living No One behind: Civil Registration Completeness and Quality
Assessment across the Life-Course • Ne laisser personne derrière: 141 Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV, Reproductive Health and
Évaluation de la complétude et de la qualité de l'enregistrement des Fertility • Les infections sexuellement transmissibles (IST), VIH,
faits d’état civil tout au long de la vie - Kuku Hall santé génésique et fécondité - Ziba Hall

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142 Long-Term Care and Wellbeing in Later Life: The Role of Self Kabalega Gardens - Gardens
Agency, and Formal and Informal Systems • Soins de longue durée et
bien-être à un âge avancé: le rôle de la capacité personnelle à agir et Saturday, November 23 / Samedi, 23 Novembre
des systèmes formels et informels - Theatre Hall
9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
143 Computational Approach (Social Media, Big Data…) To Population
Studies In sub - Saharan Africa • Approche informatique (médias
sociaux, données volumineuses, etc.) des études démographiques en 151 Workshop on Manuscript Development Day 1 • Atelier sur le
Afrique subsaharienne - Kama Hall développement des articles scientifiques, première journée - Theatre
Hall
144 The Use of Demographic Intelligence to Influence Development
Policies • L'utilisation de l'intelligence démographique pour influencer
les politiques de développement - Elgon Hall Sunday, November 24 / Dimanche, 24 Novembre
145 Disabled People with Regard to HIV / AIDS and Other Risks in 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sexual and Reproductive Health in Africa • Les personnes
handicapées face au VIH / SIDA et autres risques en matière de santé 152 Workshop on Manuscript Development Day 2 • Atelier sur le
sexuelle et reproductive en Afrique - Kidepo Hall développement des articles scientifiques, deuxième journée - Theatre
146 Emerging Evidence for Improved Family Planning Outcomes • Hall
Nouvelles preuves pour l'amélioration des résultats de la planification
familiale - Kyoga Hall
147 Health Systems and Maternal, Newborn and Child Health • Les
systèmes de santé et la santé maternelle, du nouveau-né et de l’enfant
- Princess Hall
148 Documented and Undocumented Labour Migration • Migration de
main-d’œuvre avec ou sans-papiers - Bwindi Hall
149 Household Resources- Generation, Intra-Household Resource
Allocation and Flow Patterns • Ressources des ménages - production,
allocation des ressources au sein du ménage et schémas de flux -
Executive Room
150 Delving into the Education Dividend: Evidence-Informed Policy
Making for Human Capital Development In Africa • Le dividende
relatif à l'éducation : Élaboration de politiques fondées sur des
données probantes pour le développement du capital humain en
Afrique - Kuku Hall

Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre


1:00 PM - 2:00 PM

Closing Ceremony • Cérémonie de clôture

9
3 Opening Ceremony • Cérémonie d'ouverture
8th APC Scientific Program Chair / Président(e) : Samuel Codjoe, University of Ghana
Moderator / Modérateur : Jotham Musinguzi, National Population Council

Programme scientifique de la 8ème CPA 1 Welcome Remarks • Fred Wabwire*, National Population Council

2 IOC Chair • Donatien Beguy*, UAPS Council

Sunday, November 17 / Dimanche, 17 Novembre 3 UAPS President • Samuel Codjoe*, University of Ghana
8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
4 Keynote Speech • Natalia Kanem*, UNFPA

Theatre Hall - Ground Floor 5 Statement by the State Minister for Finance, Planning & Economic
Development • David Bahati*, Parliament of Uganda
1 Side Meeting: Youth-led Research in Africa • Réunion
parallèle: Recherche dirigée par des jeunes en Afrique 6 Official opening of the conference by the Guest of Honour: H.E
Yoweri Kaguta Museveni*, President of the Republic of Uganda
Chair / Président(e) : Trish Kaseke, HIVOS

Sunday, November 17 / Dimanche, 17 Novembre


2:00 PM - 6:00 PM Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Kama Hall - First Floor
Ziba Hall - First Floor
2 Free Census and Survey Microdata Workshop • Atelier
sur les donnés d’enquêtes et de recensements 4 Plenary Session: Population and Development in Africa:
25 years after Cairo… what next? • Séance plénière:
Chair / Président(e) : Jane Lee, IPUMS Population et développement en Afrique: 25 ans après le
Caire… et après?
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
Chair / Président(e) : Jacques B. O. Emina, University of Kinshasa
10:00 AM - 12:00 PM Discussant / Discutant : Nyovani Madise, African Institute for
Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Kabalega Gardens - Gardens

10
1 Julitta Onabanjo*, UNFPA et Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée
(ENSEA); Lazare Sika, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et
2 Patrick Mwesigye*, Uganda Youth and Adolescents Health Forum d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA); Sasso Sidonie Calice Yapi, Université
(UYAHF) Virtuelle de Côte d'Ivoire

3 Parfait Eloundou-Enyegue*, Cornell University 2 Hidden Prostitution? Understanding “Bizi” within the
Contemporary Transactional Sex and HIV Prevention Programs in
Cote d’Ivoire • Ramatou Ouedraogo*, African Population and Health
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre Research Center (APHRC)
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
3 HIV Knowledge, Attitudes and Risk Practices & Behavior of
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor Sexual Minorities in Botswana • Serai Daniel Rakgoasi*, University of
Botswana; Nnunu G. Tsheko, University of Botswana; Gloria Jacques,
University of Botswana
5 Emerging Issues in CRVS and ID • Nouveaux défis pour
l’enregistrement et les statistiques des faits d'état en 4 Assessing Access to Comprehensive HIV Treatment Services for
Afrique Men Who Have Sex with Men and Female Sex Workers in the
Bamenda Health District • Fabien Sundjo*, University of Buea; Pamella
Chair / Président(e) : Karen Carter, International Union for the Scientific Fokam Ijang, Technical Coordinator/DIC Manager, Cameroon Medical
Study of Population (IUSSP) Women Association Bamenda

Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre


2:00 PM - 3:30 PM 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM

Kama Hall - First Floor Elgon Hall - Ground Floor

6 Emerging Patterns of Sexual Networking in the Era of 7 Geographical Patterns of Major Health Challenges
HIV/AIDS • Les nouveaux modèles de relations sexuelles à (HIV/AIDS, Malaria, NCDs, Etc.) In Africa • La
l'ère du VIH/sida répartition géographique des principaux problèmes de
santé (VIH/sida, paludisme, maladies non transmissibles,
Chair / Président(e) : Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and etc.) en Afrique
Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Discussant / Discutant : Oluwaseyi Somefun, University of the Chair / Président(e) : Samuel O. M. Manda, South Africa Medical
Witwatersrand Research Council
Discussant / Discutant : Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Northumbria
1 Pratique sexuelle chez les hommes qui ont des rapports sexuels University, Newcastle upon Tyne
avec des hommes en Côte d’Ivoire : la bisexualité • Elise Kacou*, IDUP

11
1 Inégalités face au risque de décès maternel au Sénégal : une analyse Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
des données de recensement • Momath Cisse*, Agence Nationale de la
Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Mamadou Amouzou, Agence 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Bruno
Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain Banquet Hall - First Floor

2 Inégalités spatiales face au décès à Dakar : une analyse des données P1 Poster Session 1 • Séance posters 1
du recensement de 2013 • Atoumane Fall*, Université Catholique de
Louvain; Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain
1 Associate Gender-Based Violence and Family Planning Rights
among Women in Sub-Sahara Africa • Sunday Matthew Abatan*,
3 Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Urinary Schistosomiasis in Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Oluwagbemiga E. Adeyemi, Federal
Nigeria • Uguru Ibor*, Federal University Lokoja University; Rotimi Oladele, Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Mustapha
Usman, Federal University Benin-Kebbi
4 Disparités régionales de la morbidité palustre des enfants de moins
de cinq ans au Burkina Faso • Sidbewendé Théodore Kabore*, Institut 2 Contraintes environnementales et migrations des populations du
de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD) grand Nord du Cameroun vers les berges du barrage de Lom-Pangar :
essai de compréhension des mobilités intérieures • Julien Abossolo
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre Ndongo*, Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de
l'Aménagement du Territoire (MINEPAT); Corrine Nkans , Ministère de
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM l'Economie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement du Territoire

Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor 3 An in-Depth Exploration of Community Perspectives and


Responses to Major Childhood Killer Diseases in Nigeria • Sunday
8 Negotiating Evidence-Informed Decision Making • Adedini*, University of the Witwatersrand; Oluwatoyin Alaba, Obafemi
Négocier une prise de décision fondée sur des preuves Awolowo University, Ile-Ife

Chair / Président(e) : Jeffrey Jordan, Population Reference Bureau 4 Intimate Partner Violence and Contraceptive Use among Married
Women in Nigeria: A Multilevel Analysis. • Sunday Adedini, University
of the Witwatersrand; Ololade Adewole, National Centre for Technology
1 Negotiating Evidence-Informed Decision Making • Marlene A. Management, Nigeria; Olufunmilola Oyinlola*, Obafemi Awolowo
Lee*, Population Reference Bureau University, Nigeria

2 Angeline Siparo*, National AIDS Control Council of Kenya 5 Changing Gender Roles and Opportunity Cost of Childbearing:
Implications for Family Size in Sub-Sahara Africa • Olaide A.
3 Mathias Kasamba*, East African Legislative Assembly Adedokun, Lagos State University; Oluwagbemiga E. Adeyemi*, Federal
University; Kolawole Olowe, The West African Management Development
4 Hon. Freddy Kita Bukusu*, Ministry of Planning, Democratic Institutes Network; Tolulope Fakayode, Federal University Oye-Ekiti
Republic of the Congo

12
6 Determinants of Induced Abortion among Married Women in Ekiti 14 What about Her Right?: Migrant Teenage Mothers' Voices of
State, Nigeria. • Beatrice Adeoye*; Sarafa Shittu, Federal University Disllusionment, Ambivalence and Broken Aspirations in Rural
Oye-Ekiti Communities in Southwest Nigeria • Odunayo Akomolede*, Federal
University,Oye Ekiti
7 Ethnic Differentials in Male Fertility Behaviour in Nigeria: A
Multilevel Analysis • Ololade Adewole*, National Centre for Technology 15 Integration of Population, Health and Environment (PHE)
Management, Nigeria Approach for Improved Reproductive Health (RH)/Family Planning
(FP) and Livelihood: The Case of PHE Implementation sites in
8 Feasibility of Home-Based HIV Counseling and Testing and Ethiopia • Ahmed M. Ali*, PHE Ethiopia Consortium
Linking to HIV Services among Women Delivering at Home: A Geita
District Council Case, Tanzania • J. Adinan, Kilimanjaro Christian 16 Understanding the Combined Effect of the Knowledge of
Medical University College; C. Amour*, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical HIV/AIDS Prevention Methods on Condom Use in Njombe and Tanga
University College, Moshi, Tanzania; A. Bridgit, University of North Regions, Tanzania • Mbwiga Aloni*, Mkwawa University College of
Carolina; A. Shayo, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Centre; P. Kidayi, Education; Maurice C. Y. Mbago, University of Dar es Salaam; Francis J.
Killimanjaro Christian University College, Moshi; L. Msuya, Kilimanjaro Sichona, University of Dar es Salaam
Christian Medical Centre
17 Pauvreté Multidimensionnelle Au Sénégal • Mamadou
9 Determinants of Stunting among under-Five Children in Malawi • Amouzou*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie
Rotimi R. F. Afolabi*, University of Ibadan; Martin Palamuleni, North (ANSD)
West University
18 De la naissance à l'obtention d'une autonomie, combien coûte un
10 Singulate Mean Age at Marriage in South Africa (1996-2016) enfant à un ménage ? Une étude de cas à partir des données d'ECAM3
Trends, Differentials and Implications • Leonard Ahuejere*, Statistics au Cameroun • Etienne Serge Anakeu Djoumessi*, Ministère de
South Africa l'Agriculture et du Développement Rural (MINADER); Achille Kwamegni
Kepnou, Universite Laval
11 Marital Dissolution in South Africa in a Rural-Urban Perspective:
2011 • Leonard Ahuejere*, Statistics South Africa 19 Educational Attainment and Fertility: Contextual Determinants
in West Africa • Winfred A. Avogo*, Illinois State University
12 Examining Early Postpartum Contraceptive Utilisation among
Women Living with HIV in the Context of Family Planning and HIV 20 Labor Migration, Social Capital and HIV/AIDS Risks in South
Services Integration in South Africa • Anthony I. Ajayi*, African Africa • Winfred A. Avogo*, Illinois State University
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Oladele Adeniyi,
Walter Sisulu University; Oluwaseyi Somefun, University of the 21 Empirical Analysis of Determinants of Utilization of Modern
Witwatersrand Contraceptives among Rural Women in Uganda • Deborah Ayebare*,
National Planning Authority, Uganda; Otieno Osoro, University of Dar es
13 Making Family Planning Accessible to All through the Universal Salaam
Health Coverage in Uganda • Denis Akankunda*, Uganda Christian
University; Angela Akol, Family Health International

13
22 Analyse des déterminants de l'incomplétude vaccinale des enfants Interventions, Lessons and Scaling Policy Reformations in a SDGs
de 12-23 mois au Bénin. • Rodrigue Kolawolé Babaekpa*, Institut Era" • Benjamin Bob*; Joy Ben, Nigeria
Supérieur des Sciences de la Population, Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo;
Jean-François Kobiane, ISSP 29 Household Characteristics and under-Five Mortality in Bankass,
Mali • David Boettiger, University of California, San Francisco; Emily
23 Cartographie des familles : Atlas communal des familles au Treleaven, University of Michigan; Kassoum Kayentao, Malaria
Sénégal • Jean Pierre Diamane Bahoum*, Agence Nationale de la Research and Training Center; Ari Johnson, MUSO; Nancy Padian;
Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Papa Mabeye Diop, Agence Jenny Liu, University of California, San Francisco; Caroline Whidden,
Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Mahmouth MUSO; Naimatou Koné*, MUSO; Mahamadou Guindo, Ministère de la
Diouf, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD) Sante et des Affaires Sociales; Mama Coumaré , Ministère de la Sante et
des Affaires Sociales; Amadou Beydi Cissé , MUSO
24 Quelle influence de l’indicateur de niveau de vie sur les
différences de scolarisation dans les ménages pauvres dirigés par les 30 Pratique Limitée De La Contraception Moderne Par Les Femmes
femmes et ceux dirigés par les hommes au Burkina Faso ? • Alis Instruites à Yaoundé : Un Problème d’Effets Secondaires Supposés •
Bambara*, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population; Madeleine Marcel Bogmis*, Bureau Central des Recensements et des Etudes de
Wayack Pambè, Université de Ouagadougou Populations (BUCREP)

25 Influence of Gender Attitudes on Fertility Aspiration of 31 Mariage d’enfants au Burkina Faso : quels enseignements à partir
Adolescents and Young Men in Three Sub-Saharan African Countries des enquêtes auprès des ménages ? • Dramane Boly*, Institut Supérieur
• Temilolu N. Bamiwuye*, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife; Amos des Sciences de la Population (ISSP)
O. Oyedokun, Obafemi Awolowo University
32 La Baisse De La Prevalence Des Violences Faites Aux Femmes
26 Les perspectives du régime de retraite algérien à l’horizon 2030 Selon Leurs Caracteristiques Sociodemographiques Dans Les
par rapport aux évolutions des indicateurs macroéconomique • Djohra Communes De L'est Et Du Sud-Ouest Du Burkina Faso. Effet De
Bellili*, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée Decomposition Ou Simple Effet De Comportement? • Zakaliyat
(ENSEA); Saliha Ouadah Rebrab, ENSSEA; Kamel Dib, université Bonkoungou*, GIZ/PROSAD; A. Sathiya Susuman, University of the
d'Ottawa Western Cape

27 Is Bridewealth Payment Associated with Shorter Birth Intervals? 33 Instruction et début sexuel chez l’adolescente en Afrique centrale
• Adriana A. Biney*, University of Ghana; Naa Dodua Dodoo, University • Franklin Bouba Djourdebbé*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche
of Ghana; Maame Peterson, Pennsylvania State University and the Démographiques (IFORD)
University of Ghana; Charlotte Ofori, Regional Institute for Population
Studies, Univeristy of Ghana and Pennsylvania State University; Nurudeen 34 Milieu de socialisation de la mère et mutilations sexuelles
Alhassan, African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP); F. Nii- féminines au Burkina Faso et au Tchad • Franklin Bouba
Amoo Dodoo, Regional Institute for Population Studies, University of Djourdebbé*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques
Ghana (IFORD)

28 "An Empirical Review of Africa's Demographic Challenges: 35 Factors Associated with Residential Mobility of Street Children in
Towards Harnessing Africa's Demographic Dividend through Practical Uganda: Implications for Urban Health Policy and Programming. •

14
Francis Mulekya Bwambale*, MAASTRICHT UNIVERSITY, CAPHRI / l'Université de Parakou (ENSPD/UP); Mouftaou Amadou Sanni, Ecole
IOM/ MAKERERE UNIVERSITY; Cheryl A. Moyer, University of Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et de la Démographie de
Michigan; Paul Bukuluki, Makerere University; Hubertus Van den l'Université de Parakou (ENSPD/UP)
Borne, MAASTRICHT UNIVERSITY, CAPHRI
44 Impact De La Migration Sur La Prevalence Au Paludisme Des
36 Prévalence du VIH/SIDA chez les jeunes en Afrique Enfants Au Mali • Abdoul Karim Diamoutene*, Université des Sciences
subsaharienne: Essaie d’évaluation de l’efficacité des initiatives prises Sociales et de Gestion de Bamako (USSGB); Akoété Ega Agbodji,
et des changements démographiques • Valerie Chemgne*, CARE-IFA; Université de Lomé
Mireille Gneche, CARE-IFA; Honoré Mimche, Institut de Formation et de
Recherche Démographiques (IFORD) 45 Socio-Economic Predictors of Sexual Practices of Unmarried
Adolescent Girls in Makoko Community, Lagos, Nigeria • Idongesit
37 Variations in First Union Dissolution Patterns among Sub-Sahara Eshiet*, University of Lagos; Michael Kunnuji, University of Lagos;
African Cultures: The Case of Lebou, Peuhl, Sereer, Toucouleur, and Temitope Owolabi, University of Lagos
Wolof in Senegal • Justin Dansou*, University of Ibadan
46 Women Empowerment and Child Health Outcomes in Ghana •
38 Itinéraire De Formation Et Accès Au Premier Emploi Au Sénégal Gloria Essilfie*, University of Cape Coast; Joshua Sebu, University of
• Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan; Faye Abdoulaye*, Bureau des Cape Coast
Etudes DLEC/ DGID
47 Globalization and Income Inequality; A Panel Data Analysis of 37
39 Individual and Contextual Predictors of Comprehensive HIV Developing Countries in Africa • James Fasakin*, University of Ibadan;
Knowledge among Young Females in Ghana • Eugene K. M. Darteh*, Toba S. Olasehinde, University of Ibadan
University of Cape Coast
48 Réseaux sociaux et perception de la pratique contraceptive:
40 Pregnancy Induced Hypertension as a Risk Marker of analyse comparée du cas des jeunes et des personnes âgées en milieu
Cardiovascular Diseases in Indian Women • Labhita Das* rural au Sénégal • Ndiouma Faye*, Université de Montréal

41 Understanding the Foreign-Born Population Living in South 49 Inequalities in Children’s Survival in Cameroon: The Influence of
Africa: In the Time of the Demographic Dividend • Princelle Dasappa- the Mother’s Socioeconomic Status • Thierry Fondjo Lekane*, IFORD
Venketsamy*, Statistics South Africa
50 Use of GIS and Remote Sensing to Build a Sampling Frame for
42 Inconsistent Condom Use among Young Males with Older, Same- Household Surveys in Somalia • Josyline Gikunda, UNFPA-Somalia;
Sex Partners in South Africa: What Are the Levels and Associated Umikaltuma Ibrahim, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Factors? • Nicole De Wet - Billings*, University of the Witwatersrand; Somalia; Amina Said*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) -
Brendon Billings, University of the Witwatersrand Somalia; Mariam Alwi, Head of Population and Development Dept;
Richard N'getich, Statistical Specialist; Felix Mulama, Demographic
43 Inégalités spatiales de la mortalité des personnes âgées en Specialist; Said Abdilahi, Ministry of Planning, Investment and Economic
situation de vulnérabilité au Bénin • Sotima Espérance Demate*, Ecole Development
Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et de la Démographie de

15
51 Explaining Neonatal, Perinatal and Childhood Mortality Risks in 59 The Role of Men in Family Planning: An Examination of
Nigeria: Does Child’s Risk Status at Birth Matter? • Elhakim A. Determinants of Male Involvement in Family Planning in Kenya •
Ibrahim*, University of Texas at San Antonio; Sunday Adedini, University Bernard Kiprotich*, Employee NCPD
of the Witwatersrand
60 Factors Influencing Womens Perceived Sexual Self-Efficacy in
52 Regional Differentials in Access to Improved Water and Botswana: An Implication for HIV Intervention Programs • Ofile
Sanitation in Urban Zambia • Eunice N. S. Imasiku*, University of Lesotlho*, University of Botswana
Zambia
61 Rapprocher l’information et les services de Santé Sexuelle et
53 Crop Diversification among Smallholder Farmers in Mulenge Reproductive (SSR) des populations vivant en zones rurales • Jyer
Area of Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia • Eunice N. S. Imasiku*, University of Stiven Magnondo Dielet*, Association Congolaise pour le Bien Etre
Zambia; Bessy Kabongola, University of Zambia Familial; Espoir D'Almeda, Association Congolaise pour le Bien Etre
Familial; God Abel Dzola, Association Congolaise pour le Bien Etre
54 A Study on Integrated Early Childhood Development Service Familial
Delivery in Central Busoga Region • Magoola Issah*, Makerere
University 62 The Rough Death Trends of South African Elders: 2006-2016 •
Lutendo Malisha*, Statistics South Africa
55 Determinants of Contraceptive Use in the Gambia • Buba
Jadama*, Government 63 Mobilité professionnelle et spatiale : l’exemple des « moto-taximen
» au Cameroun. • Abêt Mongbet*, Bureau Central des Recensements et
56 Family Planning among Men and Women Aged 15-49 Years Old des Etudes de Populations (BUCREP)
in a Peri-Urban Area of Maputo City, Mozambique • Mehol
Jamnadas*, Instituto Nacional de Saúde - Moçambique; Joelma Carina 64 Croît démographique et ses implications socio-environnementales
Baduro, Instituto Nacional de Saúde - Moçambique; Nílzio Cavele, dans le département du Couffo au Bénin (Afrique de l’Ouest) •
Instituto Nacional de Saúde - Moçambique; Cremildo Manhiça, Instituto Séraphin Mouzoun*, Université d'Abomey-Calavi; Olou Toussaint
Nacional de Saúde - Moçambique; Américo José, Instituto Nacional de Lougbegnon, Université Nationale d'Agriculture
Saúde; Ivalda Macicame, Instituto Nacional de Saúde - Moçambique
65 Les Paysans Camerounais Doivent Avoir Achevé Au Moins Le
57 Levels, Sociodemographic and Behavioural Factors of Male Niveau Secondaire Pour Sortir De La Pauvreté. • Victor Stéphane
Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Perpetration in South Africa • Pride Mvodo*, Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement
Kandemiri*, University of Witwatersrand; Sasha Frade, University of the du Territoire (MINEPAT)
Witwatersrand
66 The Determinants of Migrants’ Access to Piped Water in South
58 Forgiveness as a Positive Contributing Factor on the Mental Africa: The Case of Metropolitan and Non-Metropolitan. • Philomene
Wellbeing of Congolese Refugees and Asylum Seekers Post-War Nsengiyumva*, University of the Western Cape; Vuyolethu Duba,
Experience • Pride Kandemiri*, University of Witwatersrand University of the Western Cape, South Africa

16
67 Rural-Urban Differentials in Sex Preference as a Predictor of 2 Population Aging: Challenges before the Sustainable Development
Marital Dissolution in Nigeria • Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of Goals(SDGs) • Elias O. Wahab*, Lagos State University
the Witwatersrand; Chukwuedozie K. Ajaero*, University of Nigeria,
Nsukka 3 Déficit du cycle de vie et capture du dividende démographique en
Afrique Subsaharienne : Nécessité d’une autonomisation des femmes
68 Compliance to Malaria Prevention Recommendations among sénégalaises • Lesfran Sam Wanilo Agbahoungba, LAREG (Université
Pregnant Women: Implication for Population Growth and de Parakou) & CREG (Sénégal); Latif Dramani*, CREG-CREFAT; Edem
Development in Nigeria • Opeyemi Olodude*, Obafemi Awolowo Akpo, CREG-CREFAT
University
4 Female Labor Force Participation and Demographic Dividend in
69 Use of Evidence in Planning for the Transformation of the Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Asia and Latin America • Keita
Ugandan Population • Vincent Operemo*, Makerere University Ohashi*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Reiko Hayashi,
National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, Japan
70 Impact of Birth Interval and Wealth Index on Infant Mortality in
Nigeria • Dr. Jang Bahadur Prasad*, Assistant Professor; Arvind Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
Kumar, Ph.D. Scholar
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
71 Major Milestones in Operationalizing Demographic Dividend: A
Case Study of Kenya • Jane Wanjaria*, Demographer Elgon Hall - Ground Floor

Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre 10 Experiences with the Right to Food and Drivers of
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Food Choices in low income settings in sub-Saharan Africa
• Expériences sur le droit à l'alimentation et les
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor déterminants des choix alimentaires dans les milieux à
faible revenu en Afrique subsaharienne
9 First DD and Prospects for the Second DD in Africa •
Chair / Président(e) : Elizabeth W. Kimani-Murage, African Population
Vieillissement et deuxième dividende démographique and Health Research Center (APHRC)

Chair / Président(e) : Ousmane Faye, African Influence Institute (AFRII)


Discussant / Discutant : Michel Tenikue, Luxembourg Institute of Socio- Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
Economic Research (LISER) 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
1 Aging in Africa: Past Trends and Future Implications • Lara Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
Cleveland*, University of Minnesota; Matthew Sobek, University of
Minnesota; Steven Ruggles, University of Minnesota

17
11 Fertility Patterns That Deviate from Conventional Chair / Président(e) : Cheikh Mbacke Faye, African Population and
Theories • Des schémas de fécondité qui s'écartent des Health Research Center (APHRC)
théories conventionnelles
1 Reaching the Urban Poor in RMNCH Interventions: Evidence
from 37 Sub-Saharan Africa Countries • Agbessi Amouzou*, Johns
Chair / Président(e) : Allen Kabagenyi, Makerere University Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Safia Jiwani, John Hopkins
Discussant / Discutant : Gideon Rutaremwa, United Nations Economic University
Commission for Africa (UNECA)
2 Subnational Inequalities in Reproductive, Maternal, Newborn and
1 Reprise de la fécondité et progression vers une troisième naissance Child Health in Eastern and Southern Africa • Martin K. Mutua*,
en Egypte et en Algérie. • Mohammed Bedrouni*, Laboratoire des African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)
Eudes de la Population, de la Santé et du Développement Durable en
Algérie.Université blida 2 Lounici Ali; Nacira Chike, Laboratoire des
Etudes de la population de la santé et du développement durable en Algérie. 3 Status of Health Facility Data for Coverage Estimates at the
université Blida 2 Subnational Level in 14 Countries in Eastern and Southern Africa •
Abdoulaye Maïga*, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
2 Stalled Total Fertility Rate in Ghana: Does the Proximate
Determinants Model Offer Any Answers? • Augustine Jongtey*, 4 Gender and Socioeconomic Inequalities in Sexual Initiation,
National Population Council Marriage, and Childbearing among Adolescents in Sub-Saharan Africa
• Dessalegn Melesse*, University of Manitoba
3 Transition de la fécondité à Dakar, Nairobi et Ouagadougou depuis
les années 1970 : une baisse identique à tous les âges ? • Roch Millogo*, Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
Université de Genève; Clementine Rossier, Université de Genève 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
4 Fertility stalls in capital cities in sub-saharan Africa • Bruno D.
Princess Hall - First Floor
Schoumaker*, Université Catholique de Louvain

13 Rights-Based Family Planning II • Planification


Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
familiale fondée sur les droits II
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Chair / Président(e) : George Odwe, Population Council
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor Discussant / Discutant : Francis Obare, Population Council

12 Leaving No Woman, No Child Behind: What Evidence 1 De l’autonomisation de la femme à la pratique contraceptive en
On Inequalities For RMNCH Is Needed To Advocate And milieu rural nigérien : l’apport d’une approche intégrée au niveau
communautaire • Abdoul Moumouni Nouhou*, Université de Genève;
Act? • Laisser aucune femme, aucun enfant derrière: Sanoussi Chaibou, Initiative OASIS Niger; Illiassou Chaibou Halidou,
quelles données probantes sur les inégalités pour la SRMNI Initiative OASIS Niger
sont nécessaires pour prôner et agir ?

18
2 New Measures of Family Planning Attitudes and Their Association 2 Impact of violent conflicts on children health in Cameroon: A
with Use of Modern Contraceptives Using Longitudinal Data from double difference analysis • Larissa Nawo*, University of Dschang;
Uganda • Linnea Zimmerman*, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Heidi Kaila, Cornell University; Christopher B. Barrett, Cornell
Public Health; Simon Peter Sebina Kibira, Makerere University School of University
Public Health; Caroline Moreau, INSERM/INED and Johns Hopkins
School of Public Health; Frederick Makumbi, Makerere University 3 Surmortalité gémellaire en Afrique Subsaharienne : Niveaux,
variations spatio-temporelles et facteurs explicatifs - Analyses
3 Incidence and determinants of discontinuation of Implanon among d’enquêtes nationales de 42 pays • Adama Ouedraogo*, Institut national
users: Findings from a Prospective Cohort Study in three Health Zones d'études démographiques (Ined) & Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne
of Kinshasa • Pierre Akilimali*, Université de Kinshasa; Philip A.
Anglewicz, Tulane University; Julie Hernandez, Tulane University; 4 The Crucial Role of Siblings on Child Survival: Evidence from 29
Anastasia J. Gage, Tulane University SPHTM/GCHB; Patrick Kayembe, Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa
Université de Kinshasa; Jane Bertrand, Tulane University • Philippe Bocquier*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Carren
Ginsburg, University of the Witwatersrand; Ashira Menashe Oren,
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre Université Catholique de Louvain; Yacouba Y. C. Compaoré, Université
Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain); Mark Collinson, University of the
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Witwatersrand

Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre


4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
14 Key Risk Factors of under-Five Mortality in Sub-
Saharan Africa • Principaux facteurs de risque de mortalité
Executive Room - Ground Floor
des moins de cinq ans en Afrique subsaharienne

Chair / Président(e) : Momodou Jasseh, Medical Research Council Unit


15 "Diverging Destinies" In sub-Saharan Africa •
The Gambia at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) « Parcours et itinéraires familiaux divergents » en Afrique
Discussant / Discutant : Solveig Cunningham, Emory University subsaharienne
Discussant / Discutant : Clive Mutunga, U.S. Agency for International
Development (USAID) Chair / Président(e) : Sangeetha Madhavan, University of Maryland,
College Park
1 Long-Term Trends in Seasonality of Mortality in Madagascar: The Discussant / Discutant : Cassandra Cotton, Arizona State University
Role of the Epidemiological Transition • Benjamin-Samuel Schlüter*,
Université Catholique de Louvain; Bruno Masquelier, Université 1 « Mieux vaut être orphelin qu’enfant de parents divorcés » :
Catholique de Louvain; Jessica Metcalf, Princeton University; Anjarasoa Ethnographier la stigmatisation des enfants ''des divorcés'' et ''des
Rasoanomenjanahary, Bureau Municipal d'Hygiène de la commune séparés'' dans la prise en charge des OEV à Ouagadougou. • Adjara
urbaine d'Antananarivo Konkobo*, EHESS/Marseille

19
2 Self-as-Father: Perspectives and Experiences of Young Men on 2 Amplifying Understanding of the Demographic Dividend in
Becoming Fathers. • Nokwanele Mhlongo*, University of KwaZulu Uganda • Elizabeth Leahy Madsen, Population Reference Bureau (PRB);
Natal; Pranitha Maharaj, University of KwaZulu-Natal Stella Kigozi*, Population Secretariat, Uganda; Kaitlyn Patierno,
Population Reference Bureau
3 Associations between Women's Age at First Cohabitation,
Education and Lifetime Outcomes in Kenya and Nigeria • Bamidele E. 3 Multi-Sectoral Planning and Programmatic Approach to DD
Ola*, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong Integration in Uganda: The Progress • Catherine Mbabazi*, National
Population Council (NPC)-Uganda/Takemi Fellow
4 Trends in the Social Stratification of Family Formation across
Select Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa • Kirsten Stoebenau*, 4 Demographic Dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Is the
University of Maryland; Sangeetha Madhavan, University of Maryland, Gradient among All Factors in the Enabling Environment? • Zacharie
College Park; Emily Smith-Greenaway, University of Southern California Tsala Dimbuene*, Université de Kinshasa and Statistics Canada; Tilahun
Haregu, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC);
Dickson Amugsi, African Population and Health Research Center
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre (APHRC); Jacques B. O. Emina, University of Kinshasa; Chimaraoke
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Izugbara, International Center for Research on Women

Kuku Hall - First Floor Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre


4:00 PM - 7:00 PM
16 Harnessing the African Union’s Demographic Dividend
Paradigm at Country Level: The Issue of Policy Ziba Hall - First Floor
Prioritization and Agenda Operationalization • Exploiter le
paradigme du dividende démographique de l’Union 17 Training Workshop: Estimating Fertility, Mortality,
africaine au niveau des pays : la question de la and Population: Methods Used in the Global Burden of
hiérarchisation des politiques et de la mise en œuvre des Disease Study • Estimation de la fécondité, de la mortalité
programmes et de la population: méthodes utilisées dans l'étude
mondiale sur la charge de morbidité
Chair / Président(e) : Eliya M. Zulu, African Institute for Development
Policy (AFIDEP)
Discussant / Discutant : Bernard Onyango, African Institute for Chair / Président(e) : Haidong Wang, University of Washington, Seattle
Development Policy (AFIDEP)
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
1 Deriving Niger’s Demographic and Education Future to 2062 with 4:00 PM - 7:00 PM
Stakeholders: Which Results? • Anne Goujon*, Wittgenstein Centre for
Demography and Global Human Capital; Guillaume Marois, Asian
Demographic Reseach Institute, Shanghai University; Patrick Sabourin, Kama Hall - First Floor
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA)

20
18 Workshop: Proven EIDM Capacity Development 20 Adolescent Reproductive Health and Rights • Santé et
Programmes Offer Opportunity For Sustainable EIDM droits reproductifs des adolescents
Capacity Development For Population Scientists In Africa •
Atelier de formation: Les programmes reconnus de Chair / Président(e) : Anne Khasakhala, University of Nairobi
développement des capacités sur l’élaboration de politiques Discussant / Discutant : Albert Obbuyi, Centre for the Study of
Adolescence
fondées sur des données probantes offrent la possibilité
d'un développement durable de ces capacités pour les 1 Contextual Determinants of Sexual Behaviour of Emerging Adults
spécialistes de la population en Afrique • Olufemi Adetutu*, Obafemi Awolowo University

Chair / Président(e) : Rose Oronje, African Institute for Development 2 Adolescents’ Knowledge of the Fertile Period, Contraceptive Use
Policy (AFIDEP) and Childbearing • Stephen M. Kisambira*, United Nations Population
Division
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM 3 When Knocked up, Tie the Knot… or Not?: The Interlinkages
between Teenage Pregnancy and Child Marriage in Machinga District
in Southern Malawi • Alister C. Munthali*, University of Malawi;
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor Lincie Kusters, Royal Tropical Institute; Darlen Dzimwe, Centre for
Social Research; Maryse Kok, Researcher
19 Population Projections: Methods, Assumptions and
Implications • Projections démographiques des Nations 4 Young People’s Experiences of Empowerment and Its Drivers
within a Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights Program in Uganda:
Unies
A Qualitative Inquiry. • Dianah Nanyange*, Researcher; Charles
Owekmeno, SRHR Alliance Uganda; Quraish Matovu, Reproductive
Chair / Président(e) : Rachel Snow, United Nations Population Fund Health Uganda; Godfrey Walakira, Straight Talk Foundation Uganda;
(UNFPA) Maaike van Veen, Rutgers

1 Assumptions for the UN Population Projections • John R.


Wilmoth*, United Nations Population Division Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
2 Probabilistic Population Projections • Wolfgang Lutz*,
International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (IIASA) Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor

Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre 21 Post-Abortion Care in Sub-Saharan Africa since the
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM ICPD • Les soins post-abortifs en Afrique subsaharienne
depuis la CIPD
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor

21
Chair / Président(e) : Chimaraoke Izugbara, International Center for 22 Interventions and Programs to Improve Family
Research on Women Planning Access among the Underserved, Internally
Discussant / Discutant : Laura Hinson, International Center for Research
on Women
Displaced and the Most at-Risk Populations (MARPs) •
Interventions et programmes visant à améliorer l'accès à la
1 Postabortion Care Facility Readiness in Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire planification familiale parmi les populations mal desservies,
• Suzanne Bell*, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; déplacées à l'intérieur du pays et les populations les plus à
Funmilola OlaOlorun, University of Ibadan; Andoh Kouakou Hyacinthe, risque (PMDPAR)
Programme National de Santé de la Mère et de l'Enfant; Mridula
Shankar, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Elizabeth F. Chair / Président(e) : Ndola Prata, University of California, Berkeley
Omoluabi, Centre for Research Evaluation Resources and Development Discussant / Discutant : John G. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and
(CRERD); Georges Guiella, Université de Ouagadougou; Saifuddin Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Ahmed, Johns Hopkins University; Caroline Moreau, INSERM/INED and
Johns Hopkins School of Public Health
1 Effectiveness of NURHI2 Outreaches in Improving Uptake of
LARC Methods • Adeola O. Duduyemi*, Johns Hopkins Centre for
2 Health Systems’ Capacity to Provide Post-Abortion Care (Pac): Communication Programs, NURHI2, Nigeria; Temitope Erinfolami,
Assessment of Health Facilities in Burkina Faso, Kenya and Nigeria Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative 2; Saratu Olabode-Ojo,
Using Signal Functions • Kenneth Juma*, African Population and Johns Hopkins Centre for Communication Programs, NURHI2, Nigeria
Health Research Center (APHRC); Ramatou Ouedraogo, African
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Michael M. Mutua,
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Sylvia 2 The Causal Effect of Improved Access to Postpartum Family
Onchaga, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Ali Planning: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Urban Malawi •
Sié, Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna; Nkechi Emma-Echiegu, Mahesh Karra*, Boston University; David Canning, Harvard University
Ebonyi State University; Martin Bangha, African Population and Health
Research Center (APHRC) 3 Promoting Vasectomy as a Way of Involving Men in Family
Planning as Champions and Users. • Paul Waiswa*, Reach A Hand
3 La pratique des soins après avortement à Ouagadougou : Uganda (RAHU); Humphrey Nabimanya, Reach A Hand Uganda
Approche anthropologique des processus interactionnels autour de (RAHU); Helen Patricia Amutuhaire, Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU);
l’utilisation du Misoprostol • Aline Kagambega*, Université de Gilbert Beyamba, Reach A Hand Uganda
Ouagadougou
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
4 UN • Stella Mudondo*, PSI; Baker Lukwago, PSI; Peter Buyungo, 6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
Population Services International, Uganda
Princess Hall - First Floor
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM 23 Reference Centers in Census with Electronic Data
Collection in Africa • Centres de référence pour les
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor

22
recensements avec collecte électronique des données en 1 Youth Mobility in Uganda: Analysing Predictors of Migration and
Afrique Employment Status at Destination • Abel Nzabona*, Makerere
university
Chair / Président(e) : Cecilia Malaguti, Brazilian Cooperation Agency
(ABC) 2 Rural to Urban Migration and Its Impact on Gender Inequality •
Discussant / Discutant : Astrid Bant, United Nations Population Fund Collins Opiyo, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Eleanor
(UNFPA) Keeble*, Overseas Development Institute (ODI)

1 Reference Centers -Electronic Data Collection - Challenges and 3 Inter Linkages between Migration and Inequality in Africa:
Opportunities • Maria de Lurdes Lopes*, National Statistics Institute of Review of Contemporary Studies • Mary Muyonga*, Population Studies
Cabo Verde (INE) Research Institute, University of Nairobi

2 Reference Centers - Electronic Data Collection - Results Achieved Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre
and Strategies for Engagement • Mamadou Niang*, National Agency of 6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
Statistics and Demography of Senegal (ANSD)
Executive Room - Ground Floor
3 Overview of the Brazilian Experiences with Electronic Data
Collection That Have Been Reflected in the Project and Its Advantages
in Strengthening National Capacities. • Luciana Prazeres*, Brazilian 25 Conditions Necessary for African Countries to Harness
Institute for Geography and Statics (IBGE) the Dividend and Costs of Inaction • Conditions nécessaires
pour que les pays africains exploitent les dividendes et les
4 The 2020 Round Census in the Context of Electronic Data coûts de l'inaction
Collection, a Regional Perspective • Edouard Talnan*, United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA)
Chair / Président(e) : Bernard Onyango, African Institute for Development
Policy (AFIDEP)
Monday, November 18 / Lundi, 18 Novembre Discussant / Discutant : Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
1 The Demographic Window of Opportunity and Economic Growth
at the Sub-National Level in Sub-Saharan Africa • Lamar Crombach*,
Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor ETH Zürich KOF; Jeroen Smits, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen

24 Internal Migration, Poverty and Inequality • 2 Reaping the Benefits of Demographic Dividends in Sub-Saharan
Migrations internes, pauvreté et inégalités African Countries: When Are Their Windows of Opportunity and
What Is Different Compared to Experiences Elsewhere? • Elke
Chair / Président(e) : Elias Ayemba, University of Nairobi Loichinger*, Federal Institute for Population Research
Discussant / Discutant : Alfred Otieno Agwanda, University of Nairobi
3 Education Rather than Age-Structure Brings Demographic
Dividend • Wolfgang Lutz, International Institute for Applied Systems

23
Analysis (IIASA); Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
VID/ÖAW, WU); Endale Kebede*, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography
and Global Human Capital; Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Vienna 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
University of Technology; Erich Striessnig, Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA,
VID/ÖAW, WU); Warren C. Sanderson, Stony Brook University, State Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
University of New York (SUNY)
27 Family Planning: Policy and Practice • Planification
4 Jeunesse, marché du travail et dividende démographique au Congo
familiale: politique et pratique
• Gabin Ibemba*, Centre de Recherche et d’Etudes Economiques,
Statistiques et Informatiques
Chair / Président(e) : Anastasia J. Gage, Tulane University SPHTM/GCHB
Discussant / Discutant : Jacob Adetunji, U.S. Agency for International
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Development (USAID)
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
1 Enabling and Hindering Factors of Health Surveillance Assistants’
Ziba Hall - First Floor Roles in the Provision of Contraceptive Services in Mangochi, Malawi
• Helena de Kat*, Amref Health Africa Tanzania; Maryse Kok,
Researcher; Madalitso Tolani, Amref Health Africa in Malawi;
26 Plenary Session: No Urban Legend: Taking the Long- Twambilire Mwabungulu, Amref Health Africa Tanzania; Arnold
Term View on the Realities of Urbanization in Africa • Munthali, Amref Health Africa Tanzania; Benedict Chinsakaso, Amref
Séance plénière: Aucune légende urbaine: adopter une Health Africa Tanzania
vision à long terme des réalités de l'urbanisation en Afrique
2 Components of Contraceptive Counselling Postpartum Women
Chair / Président(e) : Donatien Beguy, UAPS Council Receive during Antenatal and Postnatal Health Care Services: A
Discussant / Discutant : Thomas LeGrand, Université de Montréal Qualitative Approach • Desmond Klu*, Regional Institute for Population
Studies, University of Ghana
1 Catherine Kyobutungi*, African Population and Health Research
Center (APHRC) 3 Experiences and Care-Seeking Patterns for Menstrual Bleeding
Irregularities among Current and Past Users of Injectables and
Implants in Rural Kenya • George Odwe*, Population Council ; Francis
2 Philippe Bocquier*, Université Catholique de Louvain Obare, Population Council; John G. Cleland, London School of Hygiene
and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
3 Samuel Agyei-Mensah*, University of Ghana
4 Are Women in Lomé Getting Their Desired Methods of
4 Allan Katamba, The Challenge Initiative (TCI) Contraception? Understanding Provider Bias from Restrictions to
Choice • Elizabeth Pleasants, University of California, Berkeley; Tekou
Bléwussi Koffi, Centre d'Evaluation et de Recherche Apliquée (CERA);
Karen Weidert, University of California, Berkeley; Ndola Prata*,
University of California, Berkeley

24
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Chair / Président(e) : Allen Kabagenyi, Makerere University
Discussant / Discutant : Jean Christophe Rusatira, Johns Hopkins
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM University

Kama Hall - First Floor 1 Contraceptive Use as a Determinant of Fertility Decline: Why Is
Sub-Saharan Africa Different? • Aisha Dasgupta*, United Nations
28 Reproductive Morbidity • Morbidité Reproductive Population Division; Vladimira Kantorova, United Nations Population
Division
Chair / Président(e) : Abdhalah K. Ziraba, African Population and Health
Research Center (APHRC) 2 On Marriage Dynamics and Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Evidence from Malawi • Benson John*, University of Malawi; Vissého
D. Adjiwanou, University of Cape Town
1 Les fistules obstétricales en Afrique Centrale : Essaie de
comparaison des déterminants et profils des ‘‘méconnaisseuses jeunes’’
• Valerie Chemgne*, CARE-IFA; Honoré Mimche, Institut de Formation 3 La fécondité basse au Sénégal : quelle diffusion spatiale dans un
et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD) contexte de transition démographique ? • Roch Millogo*, Université de
Genève; Géraldine Duthé, Institut National d'Études Démographiques
(INED); Ndèye Binta Diémé Coly, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de
2 Differentials and Determinants of Cervical Cancer Knowledge and
la Démographie (ANSD); Clementine Rossier, Université de Genève
Screening in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries • Ann Kiragu*,
Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne; Richard Kouamé, Ecole National
Supériurede statistique et économie appliquée; Elise Kacou, IDUP et Ecole 4 Représentations sociales des sexualités masculine et féminine et
Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA) impact sur l’exposition des jeunes hommes aux risques sexuels à
Yaoundé (Cameroun) • Rodrigue Kolawolé Babaekpa*, Institut
Supérieur des Sciences de la Population, Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo;
3 HIV/NCD Comorbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Need for a
Nathalie Sawadogo, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population,
Synergistic Health Care Model • Enid Schatz, University of Missouri,
Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo; Alice Noël Tchoumkeu, Institut de Formation
Columbia; Paige Smith*, University of Missouri; Lucia Knight, University
et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD); Gervais Beninguisse, Institut
of Western Cape
de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD)

Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre


9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
29 SRH and Family Planning • SSR et planification 30 Innovations in Health Systems and Maternal, Newborn
familiale and Child Health • Innovations dans les systèmes de santé
et la santé des mères, des nouveau-nés et des enfants

25
Chair / Président(e) : Koku Awoonor-Williams, Ghana Health Service Chair / Président(e) : Marlene A. Lee, Population Reference Bureau
Discussant / Discutant : Clive Mutunga, U.S. Agency for International
1 Born Free and Healthy: Examining Access to Maternal Health Development (USAID)
Services through Ghana’s Free Maternal Health Care Policy • Fidelia
A. A. Dake*, University of Ghana; Frank Otchere, University of North 1 Capital humain et Capture du dividende démographique au
Carolina at Chapel Hill Sénégal : Une approche genre • Edmée Marthe Y. Ndoye*, Université
Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar; Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT
2 Exclusive Breastfeeding Patterns in Tanzania. Do Individual,
Household, or Community Factors Matter? • Kwalu S. Dede*, 2 Adding Unpaid Care Work into the Analysis of Demographic
International Institute of Social Studies-Erasmus University Rotterdam.; Dividends • Gretchen Donehower*, University of California, Berkeley
Hilde Bras, Groningen University
3 Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Impacts of Improving
3 The Perinatal and Neonatal Mortality Pathways • Kananura Physical and Social Infrastructure • Thomas Masterson*, Levy
Muhumuza*, London School of Economics and Political Science; Tiziana Economics Institute of Bard College
Leone, London School of Economics; Dan Kajungu, INESS; Tryphena
Nareeba, Iganga-Mayuge Health Demographic Surveillance Site; Arjan
Gjonca, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
4 Etude de la mortalité des enfants au Sénégal • Oumy Ndiaye*,
CREFAT; Mahmouth Diouf, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Ziba Hall - First Floor
Démographie (ANSD)
32 Regional Discussion on Population and Development 25
5 Increasing Access to Skilled Pregnancy Care: Community-Led
Years after Cairo • Débat régional sur la population et le
Intervention in Rural Nigeria • Friday Okonofua, University of Medical
Sciences, Ondo State , Nigeria; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo*, Federal développement 25 ans après le Caire
University Oye-Ekiti; Sanni Yaya, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of
Ottawa, Canada; Blessing Omo-Omorodion 1 Dario Tarchi*, JRC

Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre


9:00 AM - 10:30 AM 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM

Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor Theatre Hall - Ground Floor

31 Role of Gender in Accelerating the Demographic 33 Ageing and Care in Africa: Policies, Intentions and
Dividend • Rôle du genre dans l'accélération du dividende Realities • Vieillissement et soins en Afrique : Politiques,
démographique intentions et réalités

26
Chair / Président(e) : Nathalie Sawadogo, Institut Supérieur des Sciences 2 Clementine Rossier*, Université de Genève
de la Population, Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo
Discussant / Discutant : Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Makerere University 3 Nkechi Srodah Owoo*, University of Ghana

1 Social-Cultural Processes of Feeding Patterns and Nutrition 4 Paul Nyachae*, The Challenge Initiative (TCI)
Supplement Use in Southwestern Nigeria • Isaac Adedeji*, University of
Ibadan; Kabiru Salami, University of Ibadan
5 His Worship Charles Musoke Serunjogi*, Mayor of Kampala
Central Division
2 Factors Associated with Older Persons’ Physical Health in Rural
Uganda • Fred Maniragaba*; Abel Nzabona, Makerere university; John
Bosco Asiimwe, Makerere University; Emmanuel Bizimungu, Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
International Food Policy Research Institute, Kampala, Uganda.; John 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Mushomi Atwebembeire, Makerere University; James Ntozi, Makerere
University; Betty Kwagala, Makerere University
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
3 Pension vieillesse et pauvreté des personnes âgées au Cameroun •
Marcel Nkoma*, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional 35 Side Meeting: Family and Unions in SSA: Homage to
Development Veronique Hertrich • Réunion parallèle: Famille et
nuptialité en Afrique subsaharienne: hommage à
4 Experience of Burden of Care among Adult Caregivers of Elderly Véronique Hertrich
Persons in Oyo State, Nigeria • Oludoyinmola O. Ojifinni*, School of
Public Health, University of the Witwatersrand; Obioma C. Uchendu, Chair / Président(e) : Géraldine Duthé, Institut National d'Études
University of Ibadan Démographiques (INED)

Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre 1 Permanences et changements de l'Afrique rurale: Les apports de
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM l'enquête SLAM (Suivi Longitudinal Au Mali) • Aurélien Dasré*,
Université Paris Nanterre
Kama Hall - First Floor 2 Considering Climate and Out-Migration in Two Rural Malian
Villages • Kathryn Grace*, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities
34 Urban Family Planning • Planification familiale
urbaine 3 Urban Hotspots of Vulnerability and Resilience: Kinship and Food
Security in a Nairobi Slum • Sangeetha Madhavan*, University of
Chair / Président(e) : Judith Helzner, International Union for the Scientific Maryland, College Park
Study of Population (IUSSP)
4 Contribution de Véronique Hertrich à l'étude de la nuptialité en
1 John G. Cleland*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine Afrique • Bilampoa Gnoumou Thiombiano*, Université de
(LSHTM) Ouagadougou

27
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre 37 Initiatives Promoting the use of Census Data in Africa •
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Initiatives visant à promouvoir l'utilisation des données de
recensement en Afrique
Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Richard Marcoux, Université de Laval
Discussant / Discutant : Jean-François Kobiane, ISSP
36 Evaluation of Population, Reproductive Health and
HIV policies and programs • Évaluation des politiques et 1 L'utilisation des micro-données de recensements pour estimer les
programmes en matière de population, de santé de la flux migratoires en Afrique : procédures de calculs et modélisation. •
reproduction et de VIH Philippe Bocquier*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Momath Cisse,
Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Yannik
Chair / Président(e) : Ndola Prata, University of California, Berkeley Schenk, Université catholique de Louvain
Discussant / Discutant : Ndola Prata, University of California, Berkeley
2 IPUMS Approach to Harmonizing International Census and
1 Government Stakeholders’ Perspectives on the Family Planning Survey Microdata • Lara Cleveland*, University of Minnesota; Matthew
Environment in Three Nigerian Cities: Qualitative Findings from the Sobek, University of Minnesota
Nurhi Sustainability Study • Courtney McGuire*, University of North
Carolina at Chapel Hill; Lisa M. Calhoun, University of North Carolina at 3 Cartographie De La Pauvreté Non Monétaire Dans Le District
Chapel Hill; Tolulope Mumuni, University of Ibadan; Amelia Maytan- D’abidjan, À Partir Du Rgph 2014 De La Côte D’ivoire • Doria Deza*,
Joneydi, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Ilene S. Speizer, Institut National de la Statistique, Côte d'Ivoire
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
4 Etudier l’hétérogénéité des territoires nationaux à partir des
2 Differentiated Service Delivery a Solution to Effective Health Care données de recensement : L’exemple de la non scolarisation des enfants
Delivery • Tanaka Chirombo*, Youth and Society; Shyrene Mvula, en Afrique • Valerie Golaz*, INED; Sidy Boly, INSTAT; Adjibou Barry,
International Community of Women Living with HIV-Malawi Chapter Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD);
Christian Kakuba, Makerere University, Centre for Population and
3 Employee Perceptions towards Use of off-Site HIV/AIDS Applied Statistics; Dramane Boly, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la
Counselling and Testing (HCT) Services: An Empirical Study • Tendai Population (ISSP); Rakotomanana Faly, INSTAT; Coulibali Aminata,
Makwara*, Boston City Campus INSTAT; Ravelo Arsène, INSTAT; Frédérique Andriamaro, Université
Catholique de Madagascar; Valérie Delaunay, Institut de Recherche pour
le Développement (IRD); Richard Marcoux, Université de Laval
4 Why National Population Policies Fail: Nigeria as a Case Study. •
Olutomiwa A. Binuyo*, Higher School of Economics, Moscow
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Princess Hall - First Floor
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor

28
38 Substance Use Behaviors Among Youth In Sub- 1 Urban Governance, Territorial Distributive Justice and the
Saharan Africa • Comportements liés à la consommation Political Ecology of Malaria Prevalence in Nigeria • Yemi Adewoyin*,
University of Nigeria, Nsukka
d'alcool et d'autres substances psychoactives chez les jeunes
en Afrique subsaharienne 2 Under-Five Death and Uptake of Health Interventions for
Subsequent Children: Evidence from High Mortality Settings in Sub-
Chair / Président(e) : Massy Mutumba, University of Michigan Saharan Africa • Joshua O. Akinyemi, University of Ibadan; Sunday
Adedini*, University of the Witwatersrand; Sanni Yaya, Faculty of Social
1 Level of Use of Marijuana among Youth Aged 12-19 Years in Sciences, University of Ottawa, Canada
Botswana • Widzani Judith Amos*, university of Botswana; Enock
Ngome, University of Botswana 3 Démographie et Formation du capital humain • Saint Hilaire
Ebanda, Université de Yaoundé II Soa; Claude Mbarga*, IFORD
2 Substance Use Cascade among Youth in Six Southern Africa
Countries: Prevalence and Risk Factors • Ololade O. J. Baruwa*, 4 Association between Childhood Socioeconomic Status and Adult
North West University; Christine Chawhanda, Wits University; Jonathan Health in Botswana: A Cross-Sectional Study • Mpho Keetile*,
Levin, University of the Witwatersrand; Latifat Ibisomi, Wits University University of Botswana; Kannan Navaneetham, University of Botswana;
Gobopamang Letamo, University of Botswana; Serai Daniel Rakgoasi,
3 “Rethink Your Third Drink”: a Longitudinal Analysis of the University of Botswana
Relationship between Depression and Binge Drinking among Young
Males in South Africa • Nicole De Wet - Billings*, University of the
Witwatersrand
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
4 The Effect of Family and Neighbourhood Social Capital on Youth
Mental Health in South Africa • Oluwaseyi Somefun, University of the Executive Room - Ground Floor
Witwatersrand; Arlette Simo Fotso*, World Bank Group
40 Antenatal Care • Soin prénatal
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Chair / Président(e) : Joyce N. Mumah, IPPF

Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor 1 Correlates of Antenatal Care Usage and Timing among Adolescent
Mothers in Nigeria • Christiana A. Alex-Ojei*, University of the
Witwatersrand; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand
39 Health Burden • Fardeau de la santé
2 Les zones urbaines ont-elles toujours des avantages par rapport
Chair / Président(e) : Martin Bangha, African Population and Health aux zones rurales en matière de discontinuité des soins prénatals chez
Research Center (APHRC) les adolescentes en Afrique centrale ? • Franklin Bouba Djourdebbé*,
Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD)

29
3 Variations in Antenatal Care Initiation Patterns among 4 Savings Models and the Demographic Dividend • Joshua K
Reproductive Age Women in Sub-Saharan-Africa: Event History Wilde*, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Mahesh Karra,
Analysis Methods Approach • Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan; Boston University
Fidelia A. A. Dake*, University of Ghana; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo,
Federal University Oye-Ekiti
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Banquet Hall - First Floor
Kuku Hall - First Floor P2 Poster Session 2 • Séance posters 2
41 African Models for The Demographic Dividend – 1 Barriers to Inseticide Treated Nets Utilization among under-Five
Practical Interventions, Lessons and Policy Options • Children in Nigeria • Sunday Matthew Abatan*, Federal University
Modèles africains pour le dividende démographique - Oye-Ekiti; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo, Federal University Oye-Ekiti;
Interventions pratiques, leçons et options politiques Ridwan Olusola Shittu, Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Sarafa Shittu,
Federal University Oye-Ekiti
Chair / Président(e) : Nurudeen Alhassan, African Institute for
Development Policy (AFIDEP) 2 Incidence and Treatments of Tuberculosis among Male Patients in
Discussant / Discutant : Parfait Eloundou-Enyegue, Cornell University Nigeria: The Role of Social Determinants • Sunday Matthew Abatan*,
Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Adesoji Ogunsakin, federal university, oye
ekiti
1 Understanding the Demographic Dividend in Ghana, Sierra Leone
and the Gambia: A Prospect or Missed Opportunity? • Stephen O.
Kwankye*, University of Ghana; Eric Arthur, Kwame Nkrumah 3 Socio-Cultural Beliefs Attached to Health Seeking Behaviour
University of Science and Technology (KNUST); Faustina Frempong- among Older Adults in Selected Rural and Urban Areas in Lagos State.
Ainguah, Regional Institute for Population Studies/University of Ghana; • Oluwafunmilayo Theresa Adekola*, Lagos State University; Elias O.
Eugenia Amporfu, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Wahab, Lagos State University; Ajiboye O.E., Lagos State University
Technology, Kumasi
4 Religiosity, Parental Monitoring and Control and Number of
2 Demographic Dynamics of South Africa’s Youth: Still Searching Sexual Partners among Emerging Adults • Olufemi Adetutu*, Obafemi
for the Demographic Dividend • Nompumelelo Nzimande*, University Awolowo University
of KwaZulu-Natal
5 Men’s Involvement in Contraceptives Use and Quality of Life of
3 Which Policies Promote a Demographic Dividend? An Evidence Women in Nigeria: Implications for Fp2020 • Oluwagbemiga E.
Review • Kaitlyn Patierno, Population Reference Bureau; Smita Gaith, Adeyemi*, Federal University; Olaide A. Adedokun, Lagos State
Population Reference Bureau; Elizabeth Leahy Madsen*, Population University; Kolawole Olowe, The West African Management Development
Reference Bureau (PRB) Institutes Network; Tolulope Fakayode, Federal University Oye-Ekiti

30
6 Vulnerability and Reproductive Health Outcomes among Women 14 Qualité des Services de Planification Offerts: Une Préalable pour
in Sub-Saharan Africa • Temitope O. Adeyoju*, eHealth Systems Africa la Promotion de la Santé Sexuelle et Reproductive au Burundi •
and University of the Witwatersrand; Oluwaseyi Somefun, University of Adolphe Bahimana*, Ecole Doctorale/Université du Burundi; Maryse
the Witwatersrand; Boladé Hamed Banougnin, University of Ibadan Gaimard, Université de Bourgogne; René Manirakiza, Université du
Burundi
7 Changing Pattern of Care and Challenges of the Aged in Ghana; A
Systematic Review • Martin Wiredu Agyekum*, Regional Institute for 15 Perception de la qualité des soins dans les services publics de santé
Populationb studies, University of Ghana sexuel et reproductive chez les adolescentes dans deux districts
sanitaires de la ville de Ouagadougou • Fiacre Bazie*, ISSP-UJKZ
8 Comportements des mères et santé infantile au Bénin • Yédodé
Ahokpossi, Consortium Régional pour la Recherche en Economie 16 Valeurs, pratiques culturelles, mobilisation et participation
Générationnelle (CREG); Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT; Edem Akpo*, politiques chez les jeunes nord-africains: Une lecture critique de la
CREG-CREFAT diversité au regard du genre. • Mohammed Bedrouni*, Laboratoire des
Eudes de la Population, de la Santé et du Développement Durable en
9 Approvisionnement en eau potable dans les agglomérations Algérie.Université blida 2 Lounici Ali
urbaines du Bénin • Elise Chantale Ahovey*, Institut National de la
Statistique et de l'Analyse Economique (INSAE); Mouftaou Amadou 17 Déterminants de la pratique contraceptive en Algérie • Zoubida
Sanni, Ecole Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et de la Belarbi*, Université Ali Lounici Blida 2; Mustapha Oumrane, Université
Démographie de l'Université de Parakou (ENSPD/UP) Khemis Meliana

10 Exploring the Predictors of Alcohol Consumption Intensity 18 The Nexus of Decent Work and Emigration Trends in Nigeria •
among Men: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria • Oluwatobi Alawode*, Olutomiwa A. Binuyo*, Higher School of Economics, Moscow
Obafemi Awolowo University
19 Assessing the Child Labour Situation in Cocoa Growing
11 Social Networks and Women’s Reproductive Health Outcomes: Communities in the Aponoapono, Suhum Kraboa Coaltar District,
Evidence from a Field Experiment in Rural India • S. Anukriti, Boston Ghana • John Kwame Boateng*, University of Ghana; Evelyn Owusu
College; Catalina Herrera, Northeastern University; Mahesh Karra*, Ansah, Wisconsin International University of Ghana
Boston University; Praveen Pathak, Delhi School of Economics
20 The Socioeconomic Implications of Seasonal Migration Trends in
12 Predictors of Cancer Screening among Urban Poor Women in the Lake Chad Region • Benjamin Bob*; Joy Ben, Nigeria
Ghana • Patrick Asuming*, University of Ghana; Philip B. Adongo,
Navrongo Health Research Centre; Ayaga Bawah, Regional Institute for 21 Modelling New Approach to Optimize Treatment, Medication
Population Studies Adherence and Effective Case Management Initiatives through
Evidence -Base Community Interventions for the Elimination of
13 Patterns of Sexual Behaviour among Persons with Disability in HIV/AIDS and Malaria in Sub-Sahara Africa • Benjamin Bob*; Joy
Ekiti State, Nigeria • Blessing B. I. Babalola*, Federal University Oye- Ben, Nigeria; Gabriel Ukpabio, Nigeria
Ekiti; Ezebunwa Nwokocha

31
22 Problématique environnementale et populationnelle entourant 30 Transition of young people in the situation of NEETs between
l’exploitation du Lac-Tchad et solutions proposées dans une 2005 and 2011 in Senegal • Mame Adiouma Dieng*, Université Cheikh
perspective de développement durable • Franklin Bouba Djourdebbé*, Anta DIOP
Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD);
Semingar Ngaryamngaye, Université de Montréal 31 Nouvelle approche de financement des programmes/projet de la
planification familiale en Afrique ; Approche de financement à trois
23 Le Centre Hospitalier de Recherche et d'Application en Chirurgie (03) niveaux. • Kwakutse Elagbe Dzahini*, Association YOUTHLEAD
Endoscopique et Reproduction Humaine et les nouvelles trajectoires de
parenté au Cameroun • Tsopbeng Carole*, Université de Yaoundé I 32 Family Planning in Africa: Who and Where Are the under-
Served? By Oloruntoba Efe Grace and Olawepo Abiodun Rapheal •
24 Negotiating Identities and Power: Experiences of Adolescent Oloruntoba Efe Grace*, Lagos
Motherhood and Child Marriage in Malawi • Elita Chamdimba*,
University of Malawi; Janne Breimo, Nord University 33 Recours aux soins obstétricaux modernes dans le bassin du Lac
Tchad entre 2003 et 2016 : L’exemple du Cameroun, du Niger, du
25 Effects of an Entertainment-Education (EE) Radio Serial Drama Nigéria et du Tchad. • Jean Roland Narcisse Elandi Elandi*, IFORD;
(RSD) on Child Protection in Rwanda • Scott Connolly*, Population Franklin Bouba Djourdebbé, Institut de Formation et de Recherche
Media Center; Fatou Jah, Population Media Center; Kriss Barker, Démographiques (IFORD)
Population Media Center; Kwizera Jean-Bosco, Umurage
Communications; William Ryerson, Population Media Center 34 Déterminants du recours aux méthodes contraceptives chez les
femmes en âge de procréer du nord de la Côte d’Ivoire • Marie Laure
26 Justification of Physical Intimate Partner Violence among Men in Essis*, Institut National de Santé Publique; Orphée Kangah, Institut
Sub – Saharan Africa: A Multinational Analysis of Demographic and National de Santé Publique; Kakou Fato Patrice, Université Felix
Health Survey Data • Eugene K. M. Darteh*, University of Cape Coast; Houphouet Boigny; Youan Bi Désiré, Association de Soutien à
Kwamena Sekyi Dickson, University of Cape Coast; Sarah D. Rominiski, l'Autopromotion Sanitaire Urbaine
University of Michigan; Cheryl A. Moyer, University of Michigan
35 Effects of Income Inequality on Population Growth in Africa •
27 Critères endogènes de richesse dans les ménages des populations James Fasakin*, University of Ibadan
hôtes et réfugiées centrafricaines dans la région Est du Cameroun •
Lidwine Sonia De-Banguirys*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche 36 Statistical Models for Food Security and Nutritional Status of
Démographiques (IFORD) Mothers and under-Five Child Pairs in Tanzania • Fina T. Faustini*,
PhD Student - University of Dar es salaam; Amina Msengwa, Lecturer at
28 Quelle(s) politique(s) au profit d’un dividende démographique en University of Dar es Salaam; Ali Mniachi, Lecturer (Statistics) - University
République Centrafricaine ? • Lidwine Sonia De-Banguirys*, Institut of Dar es Salaam
de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD)
37 Pour un enseignement de l'éducation sexuelle selon l'âge et le sexe
29 Reproductive Health and Rights of Young Women in Ethiopia: • Koffi Fombo*, Association Togolaise pour le Bien Etre Familial
The Need for Sexual Health Education • Tizta T. Degfie*, Harvard T.H. (ATBEF)
Chan School of Public Health, Fenot Project; Bereket Yakob, Harvard
School of Public Health

32
38 Obstacles à utilisation efficace de la contraception moderne des individuel et collectif. • Tiassigué Kone*, Institut de Formation et de
femmes mariées à Djibouti • Hoch Fouad*, Institut National de la Recherche Démographiques
Statistique de Djibouti
47 Facteurs Explicatifs Du Tabagisme Actif Chez Les Jeunes
39 Le Poids Démographique De La Jeunesse, Un Facteur Sûr Du Hommes De 15-24 Ans En Republique Democratique Du Congo Et
Développement • M. Koudjovi Gadje*, ACDIEF; Yawa Séfofo Malm, Leurs Mecanismes D’action : Une Analyse Multiniveau. • Andy
ACDIEF; Malaba Batchowang, ACDIEF Kuamba*, Institut national de la statistique

40 Dividende Démographique et Émergence en Côte d'Ivoire • 48 Parent Child Communication of Sexual Matters and Its Influence
Kouego Blaise Gondo*, Institut National de la Statistique, Côte d'Ivoire on Adolescent Sexual Reproduction Health. A Systematic Review •
Ayebale Lillian*, Independent Researcher
41 Environment and Population in Malawi: Implications on National
Development • Emma Heneine*, African Institute for Development Policy 49 le mariage précoce au Congo Brazzaville : une comparaison des
(AFIDEP); Nurudeen Alhassan, African Institute for Development Policy zones urbaines et rurales • Roméo Stevy Stère Madouka*, Centre
(AFIDEP); Nyovani Madise, African Institute for Development Policy d'Etudes et de Recherche sur les Analyses et les Politiques Economiques
(AFIDEP) (CERAPE)

42 Child Fosterage Dynamics: Fostered Children’s Well-Being and 50 Besoins Non Satisfaits D'espacement Des Naissances Chez Les
Challenges in Selected Households in Lagos State, Nigeria • Adediran Femmes De 15-24 Ans. Analyse De Decomposition Simple Des Eds-Rdc
Daniel Ikuomola*, Adekunle Ajasin University 2007 Et 2013 • Jocelyn Mantempa*, UNIVERSITE DE KINSHASA ET
CRESPoD
43 La violence subie par les adolescentes enceintes dans l'Aire
Métropolitaine de Port-au-Prince (Haiti) • David Jean Simon*, Paris 1 51 Facteurs Associes Au Recrutement De Son Conjoint Dans La Ville
Panthéon Sorbonne Province De Kinshasa. • Jocelyn Mantempa*, UNIVERSITE DE
KINSHASA ET CRESPoD
44 Cartographie de la dynamique de la disponibilité des
médicaments pour la santé maternelle et reproductive en Côte d’Ivoire 52 Determinants De La Faible Couverture Vaccinale En Rdc.
• Elise Kacou*, IDUP et Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et Analyse Des Donnees De Mics-Rdc 2010 • Jocelyn Mantempa*,
d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA); Lazare Sika, Ecole Nationale Supérieure UNIVERSITE DE KINSHASA ET CRESPoD
de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA); Sasso Sidonie Calice
Yapi, Université Virtuelle de Côte d'Ivoire 53 Determinants of Adolescent Pregnancy in Uganda, UDHS 2000-
01-2016 • Catherine Mbabazi*, National Population Council (NPC)-
45 Durée de l'allaitement maternel exclusif en Côte d'Ivoire • Uganda/Takemi Fellow
Ibrahima Koffi*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques
(IFORD) 54 Health Status of Remittance Receiving Households: Evidence
from the 2014 National Population and Housing Census • Sandra
46 Evolution des besoins non satisfaits en planification familiale chez Mirembe*, Makerere University; Keneddy Niwagaba, Makerere
les femmes en union en Côte d'ivoire : une analyse aux niveaux University; Abel Nzabona, Makerere university

33
55 Addressing the Root Causes of Irregular Migration and Wilson Imongan, Women's Health and Action Research Centre (WHARC);
Sustainable Land Reforms in Africa • Samuel Mwangi*, Tübingen Best Ojemhen, University of Benin
University; Cirella Giuseppe, University of Gdansk
63 Universities as Vanguards of Urban Revitalization: Satellite
56 Assessment of the Living Conditions of Elderly Pensioners in Campus Development in Nairobi Cbd, Kenya. • Antony Okundi*,
Nigeria's Federal Capital Territory,Abuja. • Marcus Nengak University of Nairobi
Danjuma*, Nasarawa state University Keffi,Nasarawa State
64 Status of Fertility Transition in Kenya Based on Completed Parity
57 Syndrome De Renutrition Inappropriée Au Cours De La Prise En Distribution • Caleb Ongong'a*, University of Nairobi
Charge De La Malnutrition Aigüe Sévère Chez l’Enfant : Aspects
Biologiques • Hortense Ngegni Pangetna*, ministère de la santé; Vicky 65 Demographic Dividend in Africa: insights from the Status of
Ama Moor, ministère de la santé; Paul Koki Ndombo, ministère de la African Youth Report (SoAYR). • Ramoudane Orou Sannou*, African
santé Union Commission; Melaine Nsaikila, African Union Commission; Kossi
Edem Baita, African Union Commission
58 Transition de la fécondité dans les pays à faibles revenus :
Homogénéité dans les préférences, divergence dans les réalisations (cas 66 Healthcare System Factors Associated with Access to Maternal
du Cameroun) • Samuel Nouetagni*, Université de Yaoundé II et Centre Health Care in Kenya • Beatrice Otindu*, University of Nairobi
d'Etudes et de Recherches Appliquées en Sciences Sociales (CERASS)
67 Inégalité intra-urbaine de l'offre scolaire au post-primaire à
59 Access to Contraceptive Use: Implication for Sexual and Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) • Habibou Ouedraogo*, Université Paris
Reproductive Health Rights (SRHR) of Youth in Abia Central Descartes
Senatorial Zone, Nigeria • Goodluck I. Nwaogwugwu*, Coal City
University, Enugu
68 Building Resilience through Family Planning and Climate
Adaptation Finance • Kristen P. Patterson, Population Reference
60 The social variability of the non-use of condoms among married Bureau (PRB); Charles Kabiswa, Ecological Christian Organization;
men in Cameroon • Ariane Julie NYA NANA, Independent Consultant; Raymond Ruyoka*, Reproductive Health Uganda
Marcel Nkoma*, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional
Development 69 Predictors of Fertility Preference among Young Women in
Zambia: Evidence from Zambia 2007-2014 DHS Data • Million Phiri*,
61 Facteurs à risque de mortalité maternelle au Congo • Stone University of Zambia; Musonda Lemba, University of Zambia; David
Chancel Nzaou*, Institut National de la Statistique(INS) Mulemena, Student

62 Strategic Planning in Health Facilities: An Approach for Building 70 Exposition à la mortalité maternelle au Burkina Faso: une analyse
Commitments for Improving Quality of Emergency Obstetric Care in approfondie par l'approche bayésienne. • Lougué Siaka*, Institut de
Low Income Countries • Victor Ohenhen*, Department of Obstetrics Recherche en Science de la Santé (IRSS); Tilado Absetou Zapsonre, UFR-
and Gyneacology, Central Hospital, Benin City, Edo State; Blessing Omo- ST/ Université Nazi Boni
Omorodion; Friday Okonofua, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo
State , Nigeria; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo, Federal University Oye-Ekiti;

34
71 Les soupçons d'infertilité et les discriminations envers les femmes: 2 Christine Kine Sarr*, African Youth and Adolescent Network on
enjeu majeur de la politique genre au Burkina Faso • Lougué Siaka*, Population and Development
Institut de Recherche en Science de la Santé (IRSS); Téwindé Ernest
Kaboré, Université Nazi Boni 3 Kokou Djagadou*, African Union Commission

72 « Du dire au faire, il y a au milieu… la mer » : impact des


politiques de population sur la fécondité en Afrique subsaharienne. Le
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
cas du Cameroun. • Marie-Audrey Sonzia Teutsong*, Université de 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Bretagne Occidentale (UBO); Elise Kacou, IDUP et Ecole Nationale
Supérieure de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA) Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
73 Knowledge and Opinions of Secondary School Students Aged 15-
43 The 2020 Census Round - Opportunities Of
19 in Cameroon’s Capital City Yaounde towards Sex Education and
Their Implications for the Implementation of Sex-Education Georeferenced Census Data • Le cycle 2020 des
Programmes • Teke Takwa* recensements - Opportunités pour la collecte des données
géoréférencées
74 Causes et conséquences des mariages d'enfants au Niger: cas de la
région de Maradi • Mamadou Tchiari Mara*, Institut National de la Chair / Président(e) : Nobuko Mizoguchi, U.S. Census Bureau
Statistique Discussant / Discutant : Nobuko Mizoguchi, U.S. Census Bureau

Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre 1 Géo référencement des données : Approche pour la précision des
recensements du cycle 2020 – Cas du Sénégal et de la Côte d’Ivoire •
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM Doria Deza*, Institut National de la Statistique, Côte d'Ivoire; Papa
Djibril Ba, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie
Ziba Hall - First Floor (ANSD)

42 Plenary Session: Innovation & Technology for 2 Du recensement classique au recensement numérique : l'expérience
Sustainable Development in Africa: Valorizing Youth and du Cameroun dans le cadre du 4ème Recensement Général de la
Population et de l'Habitat • Esther Crystelle Eyinga Dimi*, Bureau
the Private Sector • Séance plénière: Innovation et Central des Recensements et des Etudes de Populations (BUCREP)
technologie pour le développement durable en Afrique:
Valoriser la jeunesse et le secteur privé 3 UNFPA Census Strategy for the 2020 Census Round • Rachel
Snow, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Sabrina Juran, United
Chair / Président(e) : Dela Nai, Population Council Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Tapiwa Jhamba*, United Nations
Population Fund (UNFPA)
1 Christine Sayo*, Women Digital First
4 Malawi Census Use Case – Access to SRH Services • Sainan
Zhang*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Frederik Owayo,
UNFPA

35
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Padova; Leonardo Emberti Gialloreti, Tor Vergata University of Rome;
Colette Guiebre, Community of Sant'Egidio; Honorine Medah Dabiret,
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM Ministry of Justice, Human Rights and Civic Promotion; Adriana Gulotta,
Community of Sant'Egidio; Angela Silvestrini, Istituto Nazionale di
Kama Hall - First Floor Statistica (ISTAT); Francesco Di Domenicantonio, Community of
Sant'Egidio; Palmira Gianturco, Community of Sant'Egidio; Maria
Cristina Marazzi, Department of Human Scences, Libera UNiversità
44 Evaluation/Transformation of the Civil Registration Maria SS. Assunta University, Rome
System for Access to More Timely and Reliable Vital Data
in Africa • Évaluation / Transformation du système d'état
civil pour un accès rapide à des données vitales plus fiables
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
en Afrique 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM

Chair / Président(e) : Samuel Kelodjoue, University of Dschang Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
Discussant / Discutant : Maletela Tuoane, Department of Social
Development, Pretoria 45 Epidemiology and Demography of HIV/AIDS •
Epidémiologie et démographie du VIH/SIDA
1 Enregistrement des naissances à l’Etat-civil au Sénégal •
Mamadou Amouzou*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Chair / Président(e) : Abdhalah K. Ziraba, African Population and Health
Démographie (ANSD); Momath Cisse, Agence Nationale de la Statistique Research Center (APHRC)
et de la Démographie (ANSD) Discussant / Discutant : Joyce N. Mumah, IPPF

2 Enregistrement des naissances a l’Etat Civil : état des lieux et 1 Mobility and Clinic Switching among HIV Patients Considered
analyse de l’évolution de 2012 à 2017 pour évaluer l’efficacité des Lost to Follow-up in North-Eastern South Africa • David Etoori*,
politiques publiques d’amélioration des taux d’enregistrement • B. A. London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Alison Wringe, London
Khady*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Brian Rice, London
Mahmouth Diouf, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Jenny Renju, Kilimanjaro
Démographie (ANSD) Christian Medical University College; Georges Reniers, London School of
Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
3 The Best of All Worlds: Assigning Causes of Death to Verbal
Autopsy Data Using a Harmonized Medley of Algorithms • Samuel J. 2 Baisse De La Prevalence Du Vih Au Tchad Entre 2005 Et 2015:
Clark, The Ohio State University; Jason R. Thomas*, The Ohio State Effet De Composition Ou De Performance ? • Kebmaki Vincent
University; Richard Li, Yale University; Tyler McCormick, University of Nguezoumka*, Cellule d’Appui à la Recherche et à l’Enseignement des
Washington, Seattle Institutions Francophones d’Afrique (CARE-IFA)/IFORD; Chérif
Togbanan, Bureau d'Appui Santé et Environnement; Jean-Yves Gatou,
4 Birth Registration Improvement in Burkina Faso over the Last Fonds de Soutien aux Activités en matière de population; Lakiné Fadene,
Years and Current Challenges. The Contribution of the Bravo! Programme Sectoriel de Lutte contre le Sida et les IST
Program • Evelina Martelli*, Community of Sant'Egidio; Maria
Castiglioni, Università di Padova; Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna, Università di

36
3 Coverage of HIV Chronic Co-Morbidities among Adults in South Macheka, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Pranitha Maharaj, University of
Africa: A Population-Based Study • Motlatso Rampedi-Godongwana*, KwaZulu-Natal; Divane Nzima*, University of KwaZulu-Natal
Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit (RMPRU); University
of the Witwatersrand; Nicole De Wet - Billings, University of the 3 Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, Gender and Climate
Witwatersrand Change Resilience • Angela Baschieri*, UNFPA; Daniel Schenzul,
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Linda Lammensalo, United
4 Adult Life Expectancy in the Antiretroviral Treatment Era: Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Evidence from Four Population-Based HIV Surveillance Studies in
Uganda, Malawi and South Africa. • Georges Reniers*, London School 4 Linking the Implementation of the Nationally Determined
of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Kathryn Risher, London Contributions (NDCs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in
School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Jeff Eaton, Imperial College East Africa: Perspectives and Experiences of Population, Health and
London Environment Integration • Kabiswa Charles*, Ecological Christian
Organisation
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
46 Climate Change, Environment and Population Health •
Changement climatique, environnement et santé de la 47 Evaluation of Youth Interventions • Évaluation des
population interventions auprès des jeunes

Chair / Président(e) : Clive Mutunga, U.S. Agency for International Chair / Président(e) : Jamaica Corker, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation
Development (USAID) Discussant / Discutant : Lisa M. Calhoun, University of North Carolina at
Discussant / Discutant : Ndola Prata, University of California, Berkeley Chapel Hill
Discussant / Discutant : Mumuni Abu, University of Ghana
Discussant / Discutant : Stephen Kankam, Hen Mpoano 1 The Impact of a School-Based Menstrual and Reproductive Health
Intervention on Education and Health Outcomes of Adolescent Girls in
1 Exploring Strategies for Investigating the Underlying Mechanisms Kilifi, Kenya • Karen Austrian*, Population Council - Kenya; Beth
Linking Climate and Child Health • Kathryn Grace*, University of Kangwana, Population Council; Erica Soler-Hampejsek
Minnesota, Twin Cities; Andrew Verdin, Institute of Social Research and
Data Innovation, University of Minnesota; Frank Davenport, University of 2 Social Cash Transfers and Youth Development Trajectories in
California, Santa Barbara; Greg Husak, University of California, Santa Lesotho and Malawi • Thandie Hlabana*, National University of
Barbara; Chris Funk, University of California, Santa Barbara Lesotho

2 Choosing between Environmental Conservation and Survival:


Livelihoods and the Environment Risks in Rural Zimbabwe. • Mavis

37
3 Efficacité des programmes publics d'emploi en milieu rural au Medicine (LSHTM); Jim Todd, London School of Hygiene and Tropical
Cameroun. • Sébatien Victoire Nama Djinthe*, Institut de Formation et Medicine (LSHTM)
de Recherche Démographique (IFORD)
3 The Contribution of the Ereferral System in Enhancing Access and
4 Determinants of youth employment in three agribusiness models in Utilization of Rh Services and Follow up at Private Clinics. • Ronald
Cameroon: a mixed approach. • Larissa Nawo*, University of Dschang Mubiru*, Population Services International - Uganda

Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre


4:00 PM - 5:30 PM 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM

Kama Hall - First Floor Elgon Hall - Ground Floor

48 Integrating Traditional and New Forms of Data Source 49 Perspectives and Prospects for a Global Migration
including Accessibility of New and Innovative Data • Survey • Perspectives et possibilités d'une enquête mondiale
Intégration des sources traditionnelles et nouvelles données sur les migrations

Chair / Président(e) : Stephane Helleringer, Johns Hopkins University Chair / Président(e) : Mariama Awumbila, University of Ghana
Discussant / Discutant : Bruno Lankoande, Université de Ouagadougou Discussant / Discutant : Ellen Percy Kraly, Colgate University

1 Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems as a Platform for Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
More Precisely Identifying Causes of Death: Insights from the Champs
Network • Solveig Cunningham*, Emory University; Sunday Adedini, 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
University of the Witwatersrand; Melkamu Mengesha, Haramaya
University; Abu Mohd Naser Titu, Emory Global Health Institute, Emory Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
University; Atique Chowdhury, Maternal and Child Health Division,
icddr,b; Portia Mutevedzi, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens
50 Gender Theories of Fertility • Les théories du genre sur
Research Unit,Chris Hani Baragwanath Hospital; David Obor,
KEMRI/CDC Public health collaboration; Thomas Misore, Kenya Medical la fécondité
Research Institute; Uma Onwuchekwa, Centre Pour les Vaccins en
Développement; Ariel Nhacolo, Manhica Health Research Center (CISM); Chair / Président(e) : Yovani Moses Lubaale, Makerere University
Nega Assefa Kassa, Haramaya University; Karen Kotloff, University of Discussant / Discutant : Nurudeen Alhassan, African Institute for
Maryland School of Medicine Development Policy (AFIDEP)

2 Research Transparency and Data Sharing in Alpha • Chifundo 1 Factors of Domestic violence against women: Correlate women
Kanjala*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Jay right and vulnerability • Zakaliyat Bonkoungou*, GIZ/PROSAD; A.
Greenfield, Thirdmost consultancy; Arofan Gregory, Thirdmost Sathiya Susuman, University of the Western Cape
consultancy; Emma Slaymaker, London School of Hygiene and Tropical

38
2 A Contextual Analysis of Fertility in Uganda: The Role of Physical 2 Drivers of Frequent Induced Abortions and Methods Used among
Gender-Based Violence • Sasha Frade*, University of the Witwatersrand; Women of Reproductive Age in Accra, Ghana: Evidence from Poor
Nicole De Wet - Billings, University of the Witwatersrand; Clifford O. Urban Settlements • Caesar Agula*, University of Ghana, Regional
Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand Institute for Population Studies; Elizabeth G. Henry , Harvard T.H. Chan
School of Public Health; Patrick Asuming, University of Ghana; Charles
3 Rapports de genre et maintien d’une fécondité forte en Afrique Asabere, University of Ghana, Regional Institute for Population Studies;
centrale • Marie-Audrey Sonzia Teutsong*, Université de Bretagne Mawuli Kushitor, University Of Ghana, legon; Iqbal Shah, Harvard T.H.
Occidentale (UBO); Elise Kacou, IDUP et Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Chan School of Public Health; Ayaga Bawah, Regional Institute for
Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA) Population Studies

4 Fertility And Number Of Unions: Empirical Evidence From Sub 3 Social Network-Based Methods for Measuring Abortion Incidence
Saharan African Countries • Frank Audrey Tchokonthe*, Institut de in Ethiopia and Uganda • Elizabeth A. Sully, Guttmacher Institute;
Formation et de Recherche Demographiques; Honore Mimche, IFORD Solomon Shiferaw, Addis Ababa University; Assefa Seme, Addis Ababa
University; Frederick Makumbi, Makerere University; Simon P. S.
Kibira, Makerere University; Lauren Firestein, Guttmacher Institute;
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Selena Anjur-Dietrich, Guttmacher Institute; Doris Chiu, Guttmacher
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Institute; Suzanne Bell, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health;
Margaret Giorgio*, Guttmacher Institute
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor
4 Abortion Incidence and Safety in Nigeria: Evidence of Inequities •
Suzanne Bell, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health;
51 Indirect Estimation of the Incidence of Abortion- Elizabeth F. Omoluabi, Centre for Research Evaluation Resources and
Methodological Advances, Challenges and Advantages • Development (CRERD); Funmilola OlaOlorun*, University of Ibadan;
Estimation indirecte de l'incidence de l'avortement - Mridula Shankar, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health;
avancées méthodologiques, défis et avantages Caroline Moreau, INSERM/INED and Johns Hopkins School of Public
Health
Chair / Président(e) : Ann Biddlecom, Guttmacher Institute
Discussant / Discutant : Clementine Rossier, Université de Genève Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
1 Influences on Where, when, and How Women Terminate a
Pregnancy in Sub-Saharan African and Latin American Countries
Where Abortion Is Highly Legally Restricted: A Systematic Review •
Princess Hall - First Floor
Mara Steinhaus*, International Center for Research on Women; Laura
Hinson, International Center for Research on Women ; Suzanne Bell, 52 Innovative Public Health Policies and Health Systems •
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Claire Twose, Welch Politiques de santé publique et systèmes de santé innovants
Medical Library, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD;
Meroji Sebany, International Center for Research on Women; Chair / Président(e) : Yazoume Ye, ICF
Chimaraoke Izugbara, International Center for Research on Women

39
1 A Cross Country Study of Ambient Air Pollution Exposure and 1 L’École Formelle Constitue-t-Elle La Meilleure Voie Pour
Associatiated Child Health: Evidences from Sub-Saharan Countries • l’Acquisition Des Compétences Au Cameroun ? • Novice Patrick
Labhita Das*; Kailash C. Das, International Institute for Population Bakehe*, University of Douala
Sciences
2 Human Capital and Labor Productivity: Policy Implications of
2 Tracking mortality changes from health facility data in Sub- Changing Age-Structures in Five Sub-Saharan African Countries •
Saharan Africa: how do hospital deaths differ from home deaths in Marlene A. Lee*, Population Reference Bureau; Joshua K Wilde, Max
Antananarivo (Madagascar)? • Yempabou Bruno Lankoande, Institut Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Mahesh Karra, Boston
National d'Etudes Démographiques (INED)/Institut Supérieur des Sciences University
de la Population (ISSP); Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de
Louvain; Géraldine Duthé*, Institut National d'Études Démographiques 3 Alternative Education and Return Pathways for Out-of-School
(INED); Anjarasoa Rasoanomenjanahary, Bureau Municipal d'Hygiène Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa • Moses Ngware*, African Population and
de la commune urbaine d'Antananarivo Health Research Center (APHRC)

3 Une Analyse Comparative Public/Privé de l’Efficience Technique 4 Is There a Life Expectancy Preston Curve for Africa? • Douglason
des Hôpitaux Camerounais • Rosy Pascale Tchouapi Meyet*, G. Omotor*, West African Institute for Financial and Economic
Université de dschang; Aloysius Njong Mom, Université de bamenda; Management (WAIFEM), Lagos and Delta State University, Abraka
Edokat Tafah, Université de Yaoundé 2; Désiré Avom, Université de
Dschang
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
4 Human Resources for Health and Social Work in Sub-Saharan 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Africa - International Comparison of Demographic Aspects • Reiko
Hayashi*, National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, Executive Room - Ground Floor
Japan
54 Linkages between Urban, Peri-Urban and Rural Areas
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre • Liens entre les zones urbaines, périurbaines et rurales
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Chair / Président(e) : Samuel Agyei-Mensah, University of Ghana
Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor Discussant / Discutant : Ayaga A. Bawah, University of Ghana

53 Demography of Human Capital Formation • La 1 The Health Transition among Urban Migrants and Rural Stayers
in South Africa • Stephen McGarvey, Brown University; Francesc
démographie de la formation du capital humain Gomez-Olive, Harvard University; Mark Collinson*, University of the
Witwatersrand; Chantel Pheiffer, Brown University; Carren Ginsburg,
Chair / Président(e) : Anne Goujon, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography University of the Witwatersrand; Stephen Tollman, University of the
and Global Human Capital Witwatersrand; Sadson Harawa, University of the Witwatersrand; Michael
Discussant / Discutant : Elke Loichinger, Federal Institute for Population J. White, Brown University
Research

40
2 Can Urbanization Improve Household Welfare? Evidence from 3 Family Structure, Poverty And Labor Market Participation •
Ethiopia • Tsega Gebrekristos Mezgebo*, Ethiopian Civil Service Joseph Stéphane Nguidjol Ma'a*, Université de Yaoundé 2; Hibrahim
University; Kibrom Araya Abay, international livestock research institute; Limi Kouotou, Université de Yaoundé 2; Marie Emeraude Mouaha,
Meron Endale, private consultant Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development

3 Population Dynamics, Foreign Direct Investment and Urban 4 Intergenerational Patterns of Family Formation in Sub-Saharan
Agglomeration in Sub-Saharan Africa • Chigozie Nelson Nkalu*, Africa • Oluwaseyi Somefun*, University of the Witwatersrand
University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
4 La migration des filles et leurs insertions en ville : cas de
Brazzaville en République du Congo • Jovial Oba*, Direction Générale 4:00 PM - 7:30 PM
de la Population
Ziba Hall - First Floor
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM 65 Labor Productivity and Fertility – Using the Canning-
Karra-Wilde Model • Atelier sur le modèle CKW pour
Kuku Hall - First Floor examiner la productivité du travail

Chair / Président(e) : Jeffrey Jordan, Population Reference Bureau


55 Family and Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa: Discussant / Discutant : Joshua K Wilde, Max Planck Institute for
Transformation And Consequences • Famille et mariage en Demographic Research
Afrique subsaharienne : Transformation et conséquences Discussant / Discutant : Mahesh Karra, Boston University

Chair / Président(e) : Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à 1 Labor Productivity and Fertility – Using the Canning-Karra-Wilde
Montréal Model • Marlene A. Lee*, Population Reference Bureau
Discussant / Discutant : Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à
Montréal
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
1 Child Fostering in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Has Changed over 6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
Time? • Cassandra Cotton*, Arizona State University
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
2 Configuration des ménages et scolarisation au Sénégal • Jean
Pierre Diamane Bahoum*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la 56 Innovative Applications of Qualitative Methods in
Démographie (ANSD); Claudine E. M. Sauvain-Dugerdil, Université de
Population Research • Applications novatrices des
Genève; Papa Mabeye Diop, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la
Démographie (ANSD); Mahmouth Diouf, Agence Nationale de la méthodes qualitatives à la recherche démographique
Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD)
Chair / Président(e) : Clementine Rossier, Université de Genève

41
1 An Investigation into the Socio-Cultural Influences on Adolescent Geraldine Barrett, Institute for Women’s Health, University College
Maternal Healthcare Utilisation in Nigeria • Christiana A. Alex-Ojei*, London, UK
University of the Witwatersrand; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the
Witwatersrand; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo, Federal University Oye-Ekiti 2 A Multidimensional Analysis of Child Poverty in South Africa •
Mbalenhle Dube*, Statistics South Africa
2 Income Generation and Empowerment Pathways for Rural
Women of Jagusi Parish, Uganda • Robin Marsh*, University of 3 Pregnancy Reporting Completeness in HDSS: Results from a
California, Berkeley; Chelsea Haley, University of California, Berkeley; Record Linkage Study in South Africa • Hallie Eilerts*, London School
Sandra Mirembe, Makerere University of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); Georges Reniers, London
School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
3 Approche qualitative des inégalités scolaires au secondaire au
Burkina Faso : points de vue des acteurs et des bénéficiaires • Habibou 4 Can CRVS and Survey Data Provide Insight into Maternal Deaths
Ouedraogo*, Université Paris Descartes in South Africa? • Mercy Shoko*, Statistics South Africa; Mark
Collinson, University of the Witwatersrand; Lesego Lefakane, Statistics
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre South Africa; Taurayi Mudzana, South African Population Research
Infrastructure Network (SAPRIN)
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM

Kama Hall - First Floor


Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
57 New Forms of Data and How They Can Address
Challenges of Traditional Data Sources, including Health Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
and Demographic Surveillance Systems • Nouvelles formes
de données et comment elles peuvent relever les défis des 58 Vulnerable Youth and SRHR • Jeunes vulnérables et
sources de données traditionnelles, y compris les systèmes SDSR (“Santé et droits en matière de sexualité et de
de surveillance démographique et de santé reproduction”)

Chair / Président(e) : Donatien Beguy, UAPS Council Chair / Président(e) : Yoko Akachi, NWO-WOTRO
Discussant / Discutant : Cheikh Mbacke Faye, African Population and
Health Research Center (APHRC) 1 Concept Note • Yoko Akachi*, NWO-WOTRO

1 Pregnancy Planning among Female Sex Workers in Uganda: Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the London Measure of
Unplanned Pregnancy • Justine Bukenya*, Makerere University;
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
Christine Nalwadda, Makerere University; Stella Neema, Department of
Sociology and Anthropology, Makerere University; Peter Kyambadde, Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
Ministry of Health Uganda; Rhoda Wanyenze, Makerere University;

42
59 Fertility Patterns That Deviate from Conventional demandes non satisfaits en matière de planification
Theories II • Des modèles de fertilité qui s’écartent des familiale - Mesures et questions conceptuelles
théories conventionnelles II
Chair / Président(e) : Claire Jensen, African Institute for Development
Chair / Président(e) : Michel Garenne, Institut Pasteur Policy (AFIDEP)
Discussant / Discutant : Charles Mouté, Centre population et Discussant / Discutant : Nyovani Madise, African Institute for
développement (Ceped), UMR 196, IRD, Paris Descartes Development Policy (AFIDEP)

1 Corruption and Inequality in Contraceptive Use • Arnstein 1 Contraceptives Method Use, Discontinuation and Failure Rates and
Aassve*, Bocconi University; Francesco Chiocchio, CEMFI; Francesco Their Determinants in Poor Urban Settings in Ghana: An Analysis
Gandolfi, UPF; Letizia Mencarini, Università Bocconi Using Data from Kumasi in Southern Ghana • Ayaga Bawah*,
Regional Institute for Population Studies; Patrick Asuming, University of
2 Migration and Fertility in Uganda: Analysis of the 2016 Uganda Ghana; Elizabeth G. Henry , Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health;
Demographic and Health Survey • Paulino Ariho*, Kyambogo Caesar Agula, University of Ghana, Regional Institute for Population
University; John Mushomi Atwebembeire, Makerere University; Fred Studies; Charles Asabere, University of Ghana, Regional Institute for
Maniragaba; Abel Nzabona, Makerere university Population Studies; Ryoko Sato, Harvard School of Public Health; David
Canning, Harvard University; Iqbal Shah, Harvard T.H. Chan School of
Public Health
3 Resumed Fertility Decline in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Does
Happen from a Stalling Point? • Boladé Hamed Banougnin*, University
of Ibadan 2 The Demand for Birth Control: Trends and Regional Patterns •
John B. Casterline*, The Ohio State University; Chenyao Zhang, The
Ohio State University; Jason R. Thomas, The Ohio State University
4 The Stalling Fertility Transition in Ghana: Does the Changing
Proportion of Never Married Women Matter? • Michael Larbi
Odame*, REGIONAL INSTITUTE FOR POPULATION 3 The Impact of Local Supply of Popular Contraceptives on
STUDIES,UNIVERSITY OF GHANA; Faustina Frempong-Ainguah, Women’s Unmet Need for Family Planning • Devon Kristiansen*,
Regional Institute for Population Studies/University of Ghana; Stephen O. Minnesota Population Center; Elizabeth Boyle, University of Minnesota;
Kwankye, University of Ghana; John Anarfi, UNIVERSITY OF GHANA Joseph Svec, Iowa State University

4 Women’s Decision-Making regarding Birth Planning in a Rural


Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Site in Kenya and Its Implications for Family Planning Programs •
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM Francis Obare*, Population Council; George Odwe, Population Council ;
John G. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
(LSHTM)
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor

60 Unmet Need and Demand for Family Planning- Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
Measurement and Conceptual Issues • Les besoins et 6:00 PM - 7:30 PM

43
Princess Hall - First Floor Executive Room - Ground Floor

61 Intimate Partners or Community Leaders: Which Men 63 Children’s and Adolescents’ Welfare including School
Matter Most for Access to Contraception? • Partenaires Health Programs • Le bien-être des enfants et des
intimes ou dirigeants communautaires: quels sont les adolescents, y compris les programmes de santé scolaire
hommes les plus importants pour l'accès à la
contraception? Chair / Président(e) : Antoine Banza Nsungu, UNFPA
Discussant / Discutant : Barthélemy Kalambayi Banza, Université de
Chair / Président(e) : Laura Hinson, International Center for Research on Kinshasa
Women
Discussant / Discutant : Chimaraoke Izugbara, International Center for 1 A Children-Youth Development Index (CYDI): a Tool for
Research on Women Assessing the Effectiveness of Youth-Oriented Policies in Africa •
Ousmane Faye*, African Influence Institute (AFRII); Ibrahima Diallo,
1 Funmilola OlaOlorun*, University of Ibadan Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar; Gilena G. Andrade, UNICEF-
WCARO; Waly Sene, UNFPA-WCARO
2 Neetu John*, International Center for Research on Women
2 Determinants And Trend Of Child Wellbeing Status In Cameroon
• Eric Patrick Feubi Pamen*, Laboratoire d'Analyses et de Recherche en
3 Rose Barnes-Covenant*, Initiative OASIS Economie Mathématique (LAREM) et Université de Yaounde2; Carele
Guilaine Djofang Yepndo, The University of Dschang
4 Nouhou Abdoul Moumouni*, Initiative OASIS
3 Violence faites aux enfants au Burkina Faso : Effets des attentes
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre sociales sur l’usage de la violence dans la socialisation des filles et des
garçons . • Alis Bambara*, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM Population

Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor 4 Mental Health and Associated Factors among Adolescent Boys and
Girls in Nairobi, Kenya • Rhoune Ochako*, Population Council; Karen
62 UAPS General Assembly Meeting • Assemblée générale Austrian, Population Council - Kenya
de l'UEPA
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
Chair / Président(e) : Samuel Codjoe, University of Ghana 6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre Kuku Hall - First Floor
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM

44
64 Use of Data for Policies and Programming:
Capitalization of Survey and Census Data for More Tuesday, November 19 / Mardi, 19 Novembre
Effective Policies • Utilisation des données pour les 7:30 PM - 8:30 PM
politiques et la programmation : Mise en valeur des
données d'enquête et de recensement pour des politiques RIPS Alumni Meeting • Rencontre des anciens du
plus efficaces RIPS
Chair / Président(e) : Marc Pilon, Institut de Recherche pour le
Développement (IRD)
Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor
Discussant / Discutant : Madeleine Wayack Pambè, Université de
Ouagadougou Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
8:30 AM - 9:00 AM
1 Who Accesses Secondary Schooling in Uganda; Was the Universal
Secondary Education Policy Ubiquitously Effective? • Christian
Kakuba*, Makerere University, Centre for Population and Applied Documentary on Uganda • Documentaire sur
Statistics l'Ouganda
2 Factors Influencing Measurement of Pregnancy and Adverse
Pregnancy Outcomes in Population-Based Surveys in Africa and Asia • Ziba Hall - First Floor
Doris Kwesiga*, Makerere University School of Public Health; Yeetey A.
Enuameh, Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC); Ali Imam, IcddrB,
Matlab, Bangladesh; Adane Kebede, Dabat HDSS, Ethiopia; Tryphena Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Nareeba, Iganga-Mayuge Health Demographic Surveillance Site; 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Charlotte Tawiah, Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC); Joy Lawn,
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Hannah Blencowe,
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; B. Ane Fisker, Bandim Ziba Hall - First Floor
Health Project
66 Uganda Day Opening Ceremony • Cérémonie
3 Updates: Geospatial Analysis of Demographic Health Surveys • d'ouverture de la journée de l'Ouganda
Samuel Mwangi, Tübingen University; Joseph Gitahi, University of
Applied Sciences Stuttgart; Margret Gichuhi Gichuhi*, Jomo Kenyatta Chair / Président(e) : Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Makerere University
University of Science and Technology
1 Welcome Remarks from the Vice Chancellor, Makerere University
4 Estimating and Monitoring Burden of Non-Communicable and • Bamabas Nawangwe*, Makerere University
Chronic Diseases in Ghana • Olutobi A. Sanuade*, University College
London

45
2 Welcome Remarks from the Chairperson National Organising 4 District Opportunities and Challenges for Socio Economic
Committee of the 8th African Population Conference • Jotham Transformation • Peter Douglas Okello*, LCV
Musinguzi*, National Population Council
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
3 Statement by Hon. Minister of State for Finance, Planning and
Economic Development (Planning) • David Bahati*, Parliament of 11:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Uganda
Kama Hall - First Floor
4 Opening Remarks by the Rt. Hon. Speaker of Parliament •
Rebecca Alitwala Kadaga*, Parliament of Uganda 68 Uganda Day Session 2: Young People • Journée de l'
Ouganda/ Séance 2: Les Jeunes
5 Key Note Address by the Minister of State for Lands, Housing and
Urban Development (Housing) • Chris Baryomunsi*, Parliament of
Chair / Président(e) : Fred Ngabirano
Uganda
1 Adolescents and Youth Sexual Reproductive Health Rights • Joan
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre Amanda Banura*, UYAFPAH
11:00 AM - 1:00 PM
2 Economic Empowerment • Zilla Mary Arach*, Akorion
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor Technologies

3 Innovation in Health Service Provision • Humphrey Nabimanya*,


67 Uganda Day Session 1: Population & Development • Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU)
Journée de l' Ouganda/ Séance 1: La Population et
développement 4 Impact of Interventions on Health and Development during
Childhood and Adolescence • Sabrina Bakeera Kitaka*
Chair / Président(e) : Mondo Kyateca
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
1 Uganda's Demographic Realities and Impact on Development •
Joseph Muvawala*, NPA 11:00 AM - 1:00 PM

2 Uganda's Investments for Harnessing the Demographic Dividend • Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
John Sekamatte*
69 Uganda Day Session 3: Statistics • Journée de l'
3 Empowering Communities for Economic Growth and Development Ouganda/ Séance 3: Les Statistiques
• Sarah SSewanyana*, EPRC
Chair / Président(e) : Chris Mukiza

46
1 Role of National Standard Indicators in the National Development 6 Charles Ocici*
Agenda • Molly Nina Acan*
7 Alain Sibenaler*, UNFPA
2 Small Area Statistics Compilation in Uganda • Rachael
Nombooze*
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
3 State of Statistics on the Young Population in Uganda • Mewbesa 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
Edison*
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
4 Penetration of Data Science/ Data Revolution in the National
Statistical System • Ben Kiregyera* 71 Perinatal And Under-Five Mortality Estimates For
sub-Saharan Africa: Data, Methods And Patterns •
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre Estimations de la mortalité périnatale et des moins de cinq
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM ans en Afrique subsaharienne : données, méthodes et
tendances
Ziba Hall - First Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and
70 Uganda Day Debate Panel: Harnessing Youth Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Discussant / Discutant : Momodou Jasseh, Medical Research Council Unit
Development Potential in Africa: Have We Failed? • The Gambia at London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
Journée de l' Ouganda/ Panel de débat: Exploiter le
potentiel de développement des jeunes en Afrique: avons- 1 A Randomized Comparison of Household Survey Modules for
nous échoué? Measuring Stillbirths and Neonatal Deaths in Five Health and
Demographic Surveillance Sites. • Joseph W. Akuze*, London School of
Chair / Président(e) : Janet Mukwaya Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Hannah Blencowe, London School of
Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Peter Waiswa, Makerere University School
of Public Health; Angela Baschieri, United Nations Children's Fund
1 Pali Lehohla*, Statistics South Africa
(UNICEF), Ethiopia; Vladimir Goordeev, Oueen Mary University of
London; Doris Kwesiga, Makerere University School of Public Health;
2 Olga Daphynne Namukuza*, SHRH Alliance Uganda Simon Cousens, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Joy
Lawn, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Every Newborn
3 Monica Amoding*, Parliament of Uganda INDEPTH Study Collaborative Group, EN-INDEPTH collaborative
group
4 Lilian Aber*
2 Does pregnancy follow up improve reliability of under five
5 Abbas Agaba*, Parliament of Uganda mortality estimates in Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems?
Insights from Bandafassi and Niakhar (Senegal) • Yempabou Bruno
Lankoande*, Institut National d'Etudes Démographiques (INED)/Institut

47
Supérieur des Sciences de la Population (ISSP); Gilles Pison, French Chair / Président(e) : Joseph Youra, University of Ghana
National Museum of Natural History and Institut National d'Études Discussant / Discutant : Bassiahi Abdramane Soura, Université de
Démographiques (INED) Ouagadougou

3 Evaluation of Machine Learning Methods for Predicting the Risk Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
of Child Mortality in South Africa • Dereje Danbe Debeko*, Hawassa
Univeristy; Reesha Kara, PhD student; Fidelia A. A. Dake, University of 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
Ghana; Chodziwadziwa Kabudula, University of the Witwatersrand;
Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan; Henry Wandera, PhD student; Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
Chipo Mufudza, National University of Science and Technology
74 Training Workshop on Longitudinal Data Analysis
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre Using Stata • Training Workshop on Longitudinal Data
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM Analysis Using Stata • Atelier de formation sur l'analyse de
données longitudinales à l'aide de Stata
Kama Hall - First Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Northumbria University,
72 Expanding access to integrated RMNCH services Newcastle upon Tyne
through digitally-empowered Community Health Workers.
• Élargir l’accès aux services de SRMNI intégrés par Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
l’intermédiaire d’agents de santé communautaires dotés de 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
moyens numériques
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM 75 Couples’ Reproductive Health and Fertility • La santé
de la reproduction et la fécondité des couples
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à
Montréal
73 Side Meeting: Networking and Collaboration among Discussant / Discutant : Ambrose Akinlo, Obafemi Awolowo University
Population Studies Institutes/Departments in Africa for
Enhancing Capacities in the Continent • Réunion parallèle: 1 La santé reproductive des femmes marocaines:une perspective
mise en réseau et collaboration d'instituts / départements genre • Chaimae Drioui*, Institut National de Statistique et d'Economie
d'études démographiques en Afrique pour renforcer les Appliquée (INSEA); Fatima Bakass, Institut National de Statistique et
d'Economie Appliquée (INSEA)
capacités sur le continent

48
2 Language and Fertility Transition in Uganda: Fertility of English- 3 Les sources d’inégalités d’accès des adolescentes aux moyens de
Speaking Couple in Multilingual Uganda • Seungwan Kim*, University contraception au Bénin: Evolution des modalités d’utilisation et défis •
of Maryland Achille Tokin*, Université de Parakou; Mouftaou Amadou Sanni, Ecole
Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et de la Démographie de
3 Impact des inégalités de genre sur la fécondité des couples dans des l'Université de Parakou (ENSPD/UP)
contextes africains de « basse » fécondité : une analyse comparative
entre Ouagadougou et Nairobi • Roch Millogo*, Université de Genève; 4 Introduction of Self-Injectable Contraceptive in Uganda • Allen
Clementine Rossier, Université de Genève; Blessing Mberu, African Namagembe*, PATH; Justine Tumusiime, PATH; Damalie Nsangi,
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Abdramane Soura, PATH; Fiona Walugembe, PATH; Chloe Morozoff, PATH; Jane Cover,
Université de Ouagadougou PATH; Jeniffer Drake, PATH

4 Contexts of Reproduction: Gender Dynamics and Fertility in Sub- Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Saharan Africa • Jeroen Smits*, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen; Prof.
Hilde Bras, Wageningen University & Research on Social Media 2:00 PM - 4:00 PM

Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor


2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
77 Migration, Remittances and Development in Origin
countries • Migration, transferts de fonds et développement
Princess Hall - First Floor
dans les pays d'origine
76 Rights-Based Family Planning in Resource-Poor Chair / Président(e) : Bruno D. Schoumaker, Université Catholique de
Settings • La planification familiale basée sur les droits Louvain
dans les contextes dépourvus de ressources Discussant / Discutant : Bruno D. Schoumaker, Université Catholique de
Louvain
Chair / Président(e) : Francis Obare, Population Council
Discussant / Discutant : George Odwe, Population Council 1 Linking Migration And Household Welfare In Cameroon:
Zooming Into The Effect Of Return Migration On Self-Employment •
1 An Investigation into Contraceptive Choice in South Africa • Belmondo Tanankem Voufo*, Ministry of Economy, Planning and
Catriona Towriss*, University of Cape Town; Jessica Rucell, University Regional Development, Cameroon; Gilles Quentin Kane, Université de
of Stellenbosch Yaoundé 2

2 Women’s Perspectives on Counseling Quality in a Tanzanian 2 Les transferts de Fonds des Migrants internationaux permettent-ils
Postpartum Contraception Intervention • Leigh G. Senderowicz*, de réduire la discrimination de genre liée à l’éducation au Cameroun ?
Harvard University; Erin Pearson, Ipas; Kristy Hackett, Harvard • Ariel Herbert Fambeu*, Université de Douala
University; Sarah Huber-Krum, Harvard University; Joel Francis,
University of the Witwatersrand; Julia Rohr, Harvard School of Public 3 Impact of Migrant Remittances on Household Welfare in Nigeria •
Health; Iqbal Shah, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health Nneji Umeokeke*, University of Ibadan, department of Agricultural

49
economics; Kayode Salman, University of Ibadan, department of Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Agricultural economics
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM
4 Remittances and Financial Inclusion in Nigeria • Lydia Adeoye*,
Student at the Department of Economics - Obafemi Awolowo University, Kuku Hall - First Floor
Ile-Ife; George Agwu, Alex Ekwueme Federal University. Ndufu Alike.;
Femi Awopegba, Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research 79 Return Migrations and Return Intentions • Migrations
et intentions de retour
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
2:00 PM - 4:00 PM Chair / Président(e) : Michel Tenikue, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-
Economic Research (LISER)
Discussant / Discutant : Mathias Kuepie, UNFPA
Executive Room - Ground Floor
1 Return Migration Intentions among Migrants in Six Southern
78 Gender Dividend • Le dividende du genre Africa Countries • Ololade O. J. Baruwa*, North West University;
Evans Muchiri, Wits University; Relebogile Mapuroma , Wits University;
Chair / Président(e) : Madeleine Wayack Pambè, Université de Latifat Ibisomi, Wits University
Ouagadougou
Discussant / Discutant : Angela Baschieri, UNFPA 2 Socioanalyse des déterminants du retour et du non-retour des
migrants au Cameroun • Charles Simplice Mbatsogo Mebo*,
1 Demographic Dynamics, Gender Dividends and the Achievement of Université de Poitiers
Sustainable Development Goals: Evidence from Nigeria • Olanrewaju
Olaniyan*, University of Ibadan; Noah Olasehinde, University of Ibadan; 3 The Return of Sudanese Migrants from Saudi Arabia under the
Osaretin Adonri, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Andat New Saudi Policies towards Migrants and Their Dependants • Osman
Dasogot, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) El Hasan O. Nour*, Child Protection Initiative (CPI)

2 Analyse comparative de l’occupation des femmes sénégalaises au 4 Les effets du retour des migrants sur le développement économique
foyer et dans le marché de l’emploianalyse comparative de l’occupation du Cameroun • Severin Tamwo*, Université de Yaoundé II Soa
des femmes sénégalaises au foyer et dans le marché de l’emploi •
Fatimatou Sy*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie
(ANSD) Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
4:00 PM - 7:30 PM
3 Women Economic Empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cross-
National Analysis Using DHS Data • Eunice M Williams*, University of Ziba Hall - First Floor
Southampton; Heini E. Vaisanen, University of Southampton; Sabu S.
Padmadas, University of Southampton
80 Urban Health/Wellbeing • Santé et bien-être en milieu
urbain

50
Chair / Président(e) : Blessing Mberu, African Population and Health Kama Hall - First Floor
Research Center (APHRC)
82 The Demand for Children in Sub-Saharan African
1 Do Migrant Street Children Use Reproductive Health Services in
Uganda? • Francis Mulekya Bwambale, MAASTRICHT UNIVERSITY,
Societies • La demande d'enfants dans les sociétés
CAPHRI / IOM/ MAKERERE UNIVERSITY; John Mushomi d'Afrique subsaharienne
Atwebembeire*, Makerere University; Paul Bukuluki, Makerere
University; Hubertus Van den Borne, MAASTRICHT UNIVERSITY, Chair / Président(e) : John B. Casterline, The Ohio State University
CAPHRI Discussant / Discutant : Jamaica Corker, Bill & Melinda Gates
Foundation
2 Urban Health and Socio-Ecological Systems: Maintaining Livable
Conditions for a Growing Population • Brian Fath*, Towson University 1 Social Context of Fertility Intentions among Unmarried Young
Adults in Nigeria: Implications for Fertility Transition • Joshua O.
3 Facteurs Associes A L'acces Au Logement Decent Dans Les Akinyemi*, University of Ibadan; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of
Milieux Urbains Congolais. Analyse Des Donnees De L'enquete 1-2-3 the Witwatersrand
Rdc 2014 • Jocelyn Mantempa*, UNIVERSITE DE KINSHASA ET
CRESPoD 2 Facteurs explicatifs de la demande d’enfants chez les femmes en
union au Burkina Faso • Tilado Alimata Geraude Kabore*, Institut de
4 Equity in Access to Urban Health Services: Providing Urban Formation et de recherche démographiques
Primary Health Care Services in Bangladesh • Ubaidur Rob*,
Population Council; Nargis Sultana, Population Council 3 Facteurs d’évolution de la fécondité et de la demande d’enfants en
République du Congo • Benoît Benlib Libali*, Fonds des Nations Unies
pour la population (UNFPA)
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
4:00 PM - 7:30 PM 4 Men’s Influence on Realization of Women’s Fertility Preference in
Ghana • Isaac Yeboah*; Faustina Frempong-Ainguah, Regional
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor Institute for Population Studies/University of Ghana

81 Capacity Building for Young Researchers on Policy Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Communications • Renforcement des capacités des jeunes 4:00 PM - 7:30 PM
chercheurs en matière de politique de communication
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Laura Wedeen, Population Reference Bureau
83 Disability in Africa: Overview and Keys to
Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre Understanding • Le handicap en Afrique : l'aperçu général
4:00 PM - 7:30 PM et les clés de compréhension

51
Chair / Président(e) : Sam Wafula, University of Nairobi 2 Numérique, levier pour améliorer l’accès des adolescent(e)s et
Discussant / Discutant : Arlette Simo Fotso, World Bank Group jeunes à l’information et aux services de planification familiale : Cas du
site forum www.tictacados.org et ses extensions sur les réseaux sociaux
1 The Misconception of Albinism (Causes and Curses): Implication • Jyer Stiven Magnondo Dielet*, Association Congolaise pour le Bien
on Maternal Health of Women with Albinism and Their Invisibility in Etre Familial; God Abel Dzola, Association Congolaise pour le Bien Etre
Public Healthcare Centres in Nigeria • Adediran Daniel Ikuomola*, Familial; Claude Emmanuelle Nzickou, Association Congolaise pour le
Adekunle Ajasin University Bien Etre Familial

2 Testing a New Survey Module on Child Functioning and Disability 3 Intimate Partner Violence among Adolescent Girls and Young
in South Africa • Tshepho Brian Matlwa*, Statistics South Africa; Female Sex Workers in Kampala, Uganda • Yunia Mayanja*,
Leonard Ahuejere, Statistics South Africa; Michael Medupi, Statistics MRC/UVRI
South Africa; Vivian Marapjane, Stats SA; Nwabisa Xosa, statssa; Job
Mothiba, statssa Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
3 l'impact de la fluorose dentaire sur le genre • Ariane Julie NYA
4:00 PM - 7:30 PM
NANA, Independent Consultant; Marcel Nkoma*, Ministry of Economy,
Planning and Regional Development Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor

Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre 85 Barriers to the Prioritisation of Demographic Dividend


4:00 PM - 7:30 PM Policies: What Are Challenges to the Implementation of
Policy Frameworks to Realise the Demographic Dividend
Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor and What Role Can Multilateral Institutions and
International Donors Play in Support? • Obstacles à la
84 An Assessment of Youth Friendly Health Services priorisation des politiques de dividende démographique:
among Adolescent Girls and Young Women • Une Quels sont les défis de la mise en œuvre de cadres politiques
évaluation des services de santé adaptés aux jeunes chez les pour réaliser le dividende démographique
adolescentes et les jeunes femmes
Chair / Président(e) : Anne Philpott, DFID
Chair / Président(e) : Kondwani N. Mwendo, Malawi Human Rights
Commission Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
Discussant / Discutant : Kondwani N. Mwendo, Malawi Human Rights 4:00 PM - 7:30 PM
Commission
Princess Hall - First Floor
1 Abuses at Health Facilities during the Maternity Period: Types and
Causes among Unmarried Adolescents in Uganda • Peninah Agaba*,
Makerere University 86 Postnatal Care • Soins postnatals

52
Chair / Président(e) : Abdoulaye Maïga, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School 2 Analyse spatiale des besoins non satisfaits en planification familiale
of Public Health au Bénin : une estimation à l’échelle réduite • Norbert Kpadonou*,
Centre de Formation et de Recherche en Matière de Population
1 Facteurs Associés Au Recours Aux Premiers Soins Postnatals
Modernes Des Nouveau-Nés Au Bénin • Robert Djogbenou*, Université 3 Factors Influencing Modern Contraceptives Use among
de Montréal; Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à Montréal Postpartum Women in Bukombe District, Geita Region • M. J.
Mahande*, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College; E. Shayo,
2 Determinants of Early Postnatal Care Attendance: Analysis of the Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi, Tanzania; C.
2016 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey • Patricia Ndugga*, Amour, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi,
Makerere University; Noor Kassim Namiyonga, Uganda Bureau of Tanzania; G. Mshana, National Institute of Medical Research, MITU-
Statistics; Deogratious Sebuwufu, Ministry of Health Mwanza, Tanzania; Sia Msuya, Killimanjaro Christian University College,
Moshi
3 Effect of Vaccine Direct Delivery (VDD) on Vaccine Stock Outs
and Number of Vaccinations: Case Study from Bauchi State, Nigeria • 4 Factors Associated with Contraceptive Discontinuation among
Ryoko Sato*, Harvard School of Public Health; Adam Thomson, eHealth Women (15-49 Years) in Uganda. • Julius Sseninde*, Makerere
Africa; Loveth Metiboba, eHealth Africa; Vivian Odezugo, eHealth Uninversity; Allen Kabagenyi, Makerere University; Hellen Namawejje,
Africa Makerere Uninversity

Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre


4:00 PM - 7:30 PM 4:00 PM - 7:30 PM

Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor Executive Room - Ground Floor

87 Family Planning in Africa: Who, and Where Are the 88 Smart' and Scalable Interventions for Improving
under-Served? • La planification familiale en Afrique : Qui Education Outcomes for Girls and Boys in an Era of
et où sont les personnes mal desservies ? Rapidly Changing Technology • Des interventions "
intelligentes " et évolutives pour améliorer les résultats
Chair / Président(e) : Guiella Georges, Institut Superieur des Sciences de la scolaires des filles et des garçons à une époque où la
Population (ISSP) and Université de Ouagadougou technologie évolue rapidement.

1 Are Family Planning Program Benefits Equitably Shared among Chair / Président(e) : Moses Ngware, African Population and Health
Population Sub-Groups in Africa? • Bamikale Feyistan*, U.S. Agency Research Center (APHRC)
for International Development (USAID); Baker Maggwa, GHSTAR Discussant / Discutant : Paul Birevu Muyinda, Makerere University
Program
1 Youth Generation and Geospatial Technological Innovations: A
Study in Nigeria • Raimi A. Asiyanbola*, Osun State University

53
2 Teaching Strategies and Effects of Learning Outcomes: A Case 3 Domestication of Demographic Dividend at Country Level -
Study of the Extended Curriculum Programme at the University of the Kenya's Pathway • Francis Kundu*, National Council for Population
Western Cape, South Africa • Philomene Nsengiyumva*, University of and Development; Irene Muhunzu, Natioanl Council for Population and
the Western Cape Development; Peter Nyakwara, National Council for Population and
Development; Nzomo Mulatya, National Council for Population and
3 African Youth and Mobile Phones/Mobilities: Piloting Guidelines Development
for Responsible Mobile Phone Use by Pupils/Students and Teachers in
Ghanaian Schools • Samuel Asiedu Owusu*, University of Cape Coast; 4 Operationalizing the Demographic Dividend within the Context of
Albert Machistey Abane, University of Cape Coast; Augustine Tanle, the Agenda 2063 and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: •
University of Cape Coast; Yaw Asamoah, University of Education, Jane Wanjaria*, Demographer; Irene Muhunzu, Natioanl Council for
Winneba Population and Development

Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre


Wednesday, November 20 / Mercredi, 20 Novembre
4:00 PM - 7:30 PM 5:00 PM - 6:00 PM
Kuku Hall - First Floor
Cultural/Tourism Show • Salon Culturel / Tourisme
89 Case Studies on Operationalizing the DD within the
Context of Agenda 2063 and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Kabalega Gardens - Gardens
Development • Études de cas sur la mise en œuvre du DD
dans le contexte de l’Agenda 2063 et de l’Agenda 2030 pour
le développement durable Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Chair / Président(e) : Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT
Discussant / Discutant : Ousmane Faye, African Influence Institute (AFRII) Ziba Hall - First Floor
Discussant / Discutant : Sadou Doumbo, SWEDD Project - Mali
90 Plenary Session: Evidence-Informed Population Policy
1 Capturer le Dividende Démographique en Afrique: cas pratique du Making and Implementation in Africa: Dialogue between
Bénin • Yédodé Ahokpossi*, Consortium Régional pour la Recherche en
Economie Générationnelle (CREG) Researchers and Policy Makers • Séance plénière:
Élaboration et mise en œuvre de politiques
2 L’Objectif de développement durable 3 (ODD3) au Maghreb : démographiques fondées sur des données probantes en
réalité et perspective • Nacer Boulfekhar*, Université Ali Lounici Blida Afrique : dialogue entre chercheurs et décideurs
2; Mohammed Bedrouni, Laboratoire des Eudes de la Population, de la
Santé et du Développement Durable en Algérie.Université blida 2 Lounici Chair / Président(e) : Eliya M. Zulu, African Institute for Development
Ali Policy (AFIDEP)

54
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 2 Ashiwel Undieh*, City University of New York
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

91 Economic Theories of Fertility at a Micro-Level, for Elgon Hall - Ground Floor


Example Marginal Utility of Children • Les théories micro-
économiques de la fécondité, par exemple l'utilité 93 Health Insurance and Access to Basic Health Care •
marginale des enfants Assurances et accès aux soins de santé de base

Chair / Président(e) : Nkechi Srodah Owoo, University of Ghana Chair / Président(e) : Francis O. Onyango, Population Council
Discussant / Discutant : Naa Dodua Dodoo, University of Ghana Discussant / Discutant : Abdhalah K. Ziraba, African Population and
Health Research Center (APHRC)
1 Spousal employment and fertility in West Africa • Firmin Zinvi*,
Université de Montréal; Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à 1 Level and Correlates of Health Insurance Coverage in Nigeria:
Montréal; Thomas LeGrand, Université de Montréal Evidence from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey. •
Oluwatobi Alawode*, Obafemi Awolowo University
2 Attitudes de genre, emploi des femmes et intention de fécondité:
Cas de l’agglomération de Lomé au Togo • Firmin Zinvi*, Université de 2 Unawareness of Health Insurance Expiration Status among
Montréal; Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à Montréal; Thomas Women of Reproductive-Age in Northern Ghana: Implications for
LeGrand, Université de Montréal Achieving Universal Health Coverage • Edmund Kanmiki*; Ayaga
Bawah, Regional Institute for Population Studies; Patrick Asuming,
University of Ghana; Koku Awoonor-Williams, Ghana Health Service;
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre James F. Phillips, Heilbrunn Department of Population and Family
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA

Kama Hall - First Floor 3 Assessing the Correlates of Non-Utilisation of Healthcare Services
among Adolescents in South Africa:Does Family Structure Matter? •
Khuthala Mabetha*; Nicole De Wet - Billings, University of the
92 Strengthening Institutional Research Capacity in Witwatersrand; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand
Africa: What should the priorities be? • Renforcement de la
capacité de recherche institutionnelle en Afrique: quelles 4 La non couverture par l'assurance maladie de la population
devraient être les priorités? togolaise: essai d'explication • Vénunyé Claude Kondo Tokpovi*,
INSEED
Chair / Président(e) : Alex C. Ezeh, Drexel University

1 Alex C. Ezeh*, Drexel University

55
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre P3 Poster Session 3 • Séance posters 3
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
1 Rethinking the Social Dimensions of Child-Spacing among Young
Women in Nigeria • Isaac Adedeji*, University of Ibadan; Adedeji
Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor Adewusi, Lagos Business School

94 Urban Health and Wellbeing II • Santé et bien-être 2 Dynamiques démographiques et inégalités résidentielles au Bénin •
urbains II Yédodé Ahokpossi*, Consortium Régional pour la Recherche en Economie
Générationnelle (CREG); Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT
Chair / Président(e) : Blessing Mberu, African Population and Health
Research Center (APHRC) 3 Internal Migration, Socio-Economic Status and Remittances:
Experiences of Migrant Adolescent Girls’ Head-Porters in Ghana •
1 Climate Change, Social Well-Being and Disease Pattern in Urban Kennedy A. Alatinga*, University for Development Studies
Nigeria • Yemi Adewoyin*, University of Nigeria, Nsukka; Thompson A.
Adeboyejo, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology 4 Postpartum and Post-Abortion Contraception and Sexual
Inactivity among Single Young Women in Ghana • Donatus Yaw
2 Urban-Rural Inequalities in Mortality across Age Groups: A Atiglo*, Regional Institute for Population Studies ; Adriana A. Biney,
Systematic Analysis of Survey Data in Low- and Middle-Income University of Ghana
Countries • Ashira Menashe Oren*, Université Catholique de Louvain;
Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain 5 The Impact of Poverty on Access to Land in Ethiopia:Panel Data
Evidence • Kassie Dessie*, Bahir Dar University
3 Explaining the Rural-Urban Gap in Infant Mortality in Kenya. •
Ezekiel N. Ngure*, Population Studies and Research Institute, University 6 Le célibat définitif des personnes âgées au Cameroun : facteurs
of Nairobi explicatifs et vulnérabilités • Esther Crystelle Eyinga Dimi*, Bureau
Central des Recensements et des Etudes de Populations (BUCREP)
4 Filling the gaps in cause-specific mortality in Senegal: a verbal
autopsy study in death registration centers in Dakar • Khadim Niang*, 7 The Interlink between Domestic Violence and Fertility: Partner
Université Catholique de Louvain; Bruno Masquelier, Université Asymmetry and Gender Inequality • Sasha Frade*, University of the
Catholique de Louvain; Jean A. D. Tine, Institut de Santé et Witwatersrand; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand
Développement (ISED); Amadou Ibra Diallo, Institut de Santé et
Développement (ISED); Samba Ndiaye, Agence Nationale de la Statistique 9 Analyse des marqueurs de transition après l’enseignement
et de la Démographie (ANSD) secondaire au Burkina Faso : Ces voisins qui comptent en ville. • Sibi
Guissou*, Doctorant à l'ISSP; Jean-François Kobiane, ISSP; Marc Pilon,
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD)

11:00 AM - 12:30 PM 10 Factors Associated with Utilization of Skilled Antenatal Care


among Teenage Mothers in Zombo District, Uganda: Evidence from a
Banquet Hall - First Floor Community Based Cross Sectional Study • Jerry Ictho*, Doctors with

56
Africa CUAMM; Christopher G. Orach, Makerere University; Peter 18 Évolution des inégalités sociales de la mortalité des enfants de
lochoro, Doctors with Africa CUAMM; Sam Ali, Makerere University moins de cinq ans en Côte d'Ivoire. • Yao Jean Kouadio*, Institut de
Clinical Epidemiology Unit; Joanita Nangendo, Makerere University Formation et de Recherches Démographiques
Clinical Epidemiology Unit; Charles Karamagi, Makerere University
Clinical Epidemiology Unit 19 Novel Approaches for Evidence-Based Health Policies for Women
of Reproductive Age:– Small Area Estimation of Population Data. •
11 Attitude towards Negotiation for Safe Sexual Practices in Sub- Opeyemi O. Latona*, University of Ibadan; Ayokunle Olagoke,
Saharan Africa: Does Women’s Decision-Making Involvement Matter? University of Illinois, Chicago
• Chukwuechefulam Imo*, Adekunle Ajasin University; Clifford O.
Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand 20 Socio-Demographic Predictors of Place of Delivery of a Child in
Namibia • Ofentse Lawrence Lekgatho; Goabaone Mabaila*
12 Male Roles and under-Five Mortality in Nigeria: An Analysis of
Individual and Family Level Factors • Chukwuechefulam Imo*, 21 Timing of Infant Mortality: What Are the Predictors in Lesotho •
Adekunle Ajasin University Ofentse Lawrence Lekgatho*; Mased Holly Lorato Khata

13 Interventions to Address Teenage Pregnancy among Girls in 22 Age at First Marriage among Ever Married Women in Zambia:
School in Malawi: A Literature Review • Claire Jensen*, African What Are the Determinants? • Ofentse Lawrence Lekgatho*
Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP); Emma Heneine, African
Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP); Hleziwe Hara, African 23 The Health System Costs of Post Abortion Care in Tanzania •
Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) Naomi Lince-Deroche*, Guttmacher Institute; George Ruhago, Muhimbili
University of Health and Allied Sciences; Philicia Castillo, Guttmacher
14 Child Mortality Using Bayesian Semi-Parametric Discrete-Time Institute; Patrice Williams, Guttmacher Institute; Projestine Muganyizi,
Survival Model • Tesfaye A. Jimma* Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences; Akinrinola Bankole,
Guttmacher Institute
15 Drivers of and Solutions to Teenage Pregnancy and School
Dropout in Malawi: A Qualitative Study • Chikondi Kasamba, African 24 Impact du statut socioéconomique des femmes sur les tendances
Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP); Claire Jensen*, African des fécondités désirée et réalisée au Cameroun • Mingue Linda Laurel*
Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP); Nyovani Madise, African
Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) 25 La vulnérabilité des personnes vivant avec Handicap à l’égard de
l’infection au VIH à Bujumbura • Nsabimana Loïc*, IFORD
16 Emergence En 2035 Au Cameroun : Quelles Implications En
Termes De Structure Demographique De La Population ? • Samuel
26 Décomposition de la santé nutritionnelle des enfants en
Kelodjoue*, Consultant/Chercheur Mauritanie • Yahya Abou Ly*, Université Cheikh Anta DIOP de Dakar

17 Effets de la Malnutrition Aigüe Sévère (MAS) sur le paludisme


27 Socio-Demographic Factors Associated with Unplanned
chez les enfants de 5 ans au Bénin • Foubo Ulrich Kinsa*, Ecole Pregnancy among Unmarried Female Youth (15-24) in Botswana •
Nationale de Statistique, de Planification et de Démographie; Sotima Kebontse Mabe*, University of Botswana; Enock Ngome, University of
Espérance Demate, Ecole Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et Botswana
de la Démographie de l'Université de Parakou (ENSPD/UP)

57
28 Parity Progression Ratios and Birth Intervals in Mozambique 36 Trends and Levels of Infant Mortality in Lesotho • Khauhelo
1987-2007 • Francisco Macaringue*, Alberto João Macaringue and Julia Mota*, Wits University
Rodrigues Pessane; Adriana Miranda-Ribeiro, Universidade Federal de
Minas Gerais (UFMG); Laura R. Wong, Cedeplar, UFMG 37 Population Pressure and Soil Quality in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Panel Evidence from Kenya • Francisco Mugizi*, University of Dar es
29 La pauvreté d’existence comme indicateurs des inégalités de Salaam, Mkwawa University College of Education; Tomoya Matsumoto,
revenus en République Démocratique du Congo • Perpétue Madungu Otaru University of Commerce
Tumwaka*, Institut National de la Statistique, Kinshasa; Jacky Kabwe
Kabeya, Institut National de la Statistique; Adolphine Mianda Wa 38 Invisible People. Examining the Experiences of the Elderly in
Kabuya, INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA STATISTIQUE; Marie José Emergency Situations. The Case of Cyclone Idai ,
Mapasu Bawimi, Institut National de la Statistique, RD Congo; Elisabeth Chimanimani,Zimbabwe. • Jean Mukoyi, PhD researcher; Ched
Kayiba Mbelu, Institut National de la Statistique, Kinshasa Nyamanhindi*, PhD researcher; Simon Mukwaya, Research Assistant

30 The Bargaining Power of Female within Household and Choice of 39 Accessibility of anti-Retroviral Therapy to HIV-Infected Inmates
Contraceptive Methods with Side-Effect of Hormonal Contraceptive in Malawi Prisons; A Cross-Sectional Study of Chichiri Prison in
Methods in Sub-Sahara Africa • Hirotaka Matsuda*, Tokyo University Blantyre, Malawi. • Catherine Mwalwanda*, University of Malawi,
of Agriculture; Mayuko Uesaka, Tokyo University of Agriculture; Yuka College of medicine; Dumisile Nkosi, University of Malawi, College of
Shimamura, The University of Tokyo medicine; Tapiwa Ntwere, University of Malawi, College of medicine

31 Collerrates Od Sexual Behavior among Barmaids in Morogoro 40 Factors Affecting the Utilization of Antenatal Care Services by
Municipality • Thecla ., Mendile*, Ms Women in Karamoja Sub-Region, Uganda • Christabellah
Namugenyi*, Makerere University, Kampala; Simon Wandiembe,
32 Urban Extension: An Examination of Socio-Economic Makerere University, Kampala
Implications of Uncompleted Buildings in Ibadan, Nigeria • Damilola
Micah*, Adekunle Ajasin University 41 Les violences basées sur femmes vivant avec le VIH/sida dans la
ville de Bouaké (Côte d’Ivoire) : une problématique sociétale • Zegré
33 Exploratory Data Analysis Using Interactive Parallel Coordinates Awin N'guessan*, Université Alassane Ouattara; Koffi Yannick Wilfried
Plot Technique in an Epidemiological Study of Multidimensional Tanoh, Université Alassane Ouattara
Health Outcomes. • Aweke A. Mitku*, University of KwaZulu-Natal
42 Impact of Infant and Child Mortality on Fertility in Kenya. •
34 Correlates and Prevalence of Female Genital Mutilation in Mali • Ezekiel N. Ngure*, Population Studies and Research Institute, University
Langutani Nesco LN Miyambu*, Student; Keselwetse Mirriam Ngake, of Nairobi
Lecture
43 Influence des inégalités de genre sur la planification familiale au
35 Demographic and Socio-Economic Profile of Severely Ill or Cameroun • Marcel Nkoma*, Ministry of Economy, Planning and
Disabled Children in South Africa • Nwabisa Mona*, Masters Student Regional Development
at University of KwaZulu-Natal

58
44 Fécondité des adolescentes au Cameroun, Mali et Sénégal : 52 Contraceptive Use in Nigeria; Prevalence, Factors Associated with
Permanences et transformations en cours dans les aspirations des Use and Policy Implications • Modupe Oyindamola Oduwole*, Johns
nouvelles générations • Samuel Nouetagni*, Université de Yaoundé II et Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Linnea Zimmerman, Johns
Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches Appliquées en Sciences Sociales Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
(CERASS)
53 The Documentation of Lessons Learnt, Best Practices and
45 Female Migrants Heading Household and Rental Housing in Recommendations on the Reduction of HIV Spread through Increased
South Africa: Insight from Municipalities. • Philomene Nsengiyumva*, Access to Quality, Client Friendly Services and Community
University of the Western Cape; Gabriel G. Tati, University of the Western Sensitisation. • Yaqub Patrik Okou*, Atonte Cordial Group; William
Cape Eriaku, Atonte Cordial Group

46 Male Fertility Estimates in Uganda: 2001-2016 • Henry Nsobya*, 54 Identifying the Markers of Suicidal Ideation among Twitter Users
Makerere University; Elizabeth Nansubuga, Makerere Unviersity; in Sub-Saharan Africa. • Emmanuel Olamijuwon, University of
Cyprian Misinde, Makerere University Eswatini; Elton Mukonda*, University of Cape Town; Ronald
Musizvingoza, Bursa Uludag University, Turkey; Garikayi G. B.
47 Factors Inhibiting Male Participation in Maternal Health. A Case Chemhaka, University of the Witwatersrand and University of Swaziland;
of Mt Hampden Informal Settlement, Zimbabwe • Chamunogwa Caroline Kiarie, University of Kwazulu Natal in Durban; Visseho
Nyoni*, Bindura University of Science Education; Peter Njovu, Bindura Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à Montréal
University of Science Education; Francis Jaji, Bindura University of
Science Education; Dagobert Mureriwa, Bindura University of Science 55 Fertility Transition in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries:
Education The Role Family Planning Programs • Bob-Vincent Otieno*, African
Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP); Alfred Otieno Agwanda,
48 Woodfuel Use in Urban Environment: Analysing Variations and University of Nairobi; Anne Khasakhala, University of Nairobi
Predictors in Kampala City • Abel Nzabona*, Makerere university
56 Fréquence des accouchements gémellaires en Afrique
49 Influence Des Facteurs Environnementaux Immédiats Dans La subsaharienne : niveaux, évolutions & facteurs associés • Adama
Co-morbidité De La Diarrhée et Des Vomissements Chez Les Enfants Ouedraogo, Institut national d'études démographiques (Ined) & Université
De Moins De 5 Ans Dans La Ville De Bafia (Cameroun) • Emmanuelle Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne; Gilles Pison, French National Museum of
Obama*, IFORD Natural History and Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED);
Sophie Le Coeur, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED);
50 Interrogating the Socio Cultural Factors and the Demand for Abdramane Soura*, Université de Ouagadougou
Children in Benue State of Nigeria • Idu Ogbe Ode*, Benue State
University, Makurdi 57 Recent Trends in Older Adult Mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa :
an Analysis of the Modal Age at Death in Late Life • Soumaila
51 Self-Efficacy in Negotiating Sexual Activity and Condom Use Ouedraogo*, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED); Nadine
Ouellette, Université de Montréal; Géraldine Duthé, Institut National
among Married Women in Nigeria: Evidence from DHS. • Kolawole E.
Odusina*, Federal University Oye-Ekiti d'Études Démographiques (INED)

59
58 Innovative ‘Informal’ Mhealth: How Are Community Health 65 Remittances, Investments Of Rural Households And Rural-Urban
Nurses Utilizing Their Mobile Phones to Improve Healthcare Delivery Migration: Evidence From Six Central Africa Countries • Frank
in Ghana? • Samuel Asiedu Owusu*, University of Cape Coast; Albert Audrey Tchokonthe*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche
Machistey Abane, University of Cape Coast; Simon Mariwah, University Demographiques; Honore Mimche, IFORD
of Cape Coast; Kate Hampshire, University of Durham; Kasim Adetayo,
Durham University 66 Déterminants individuels et contextuels de la forte prévalence de
l’anémie au Bénin • Constant Tchoukou*, Centre de Formation et de
59 Enhancing Family Planning Equity for Inclusive Economic Recherche en Matière de Population; Alphonse M. Affo, Centre de
Growth and Development • Kaitlyn Patierno*, Population Reference Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP); Justin
Bureau; Meghan Reidy, Avenir Health; Imelda Feranil, Avenir Health Dansou, University of Ibadan; Pacôme Acotcheou, Centre de Formation et
de Recherche en Matière de Population
60 Determinants of Female Sterilization Uptake in Uganda • Anita
Paula*, Makererere University, school of Statistics and Planning; Abel 67 Profil contraceptif et impact de l’utilisation des moyens de
Nzabona, Makerere university; Richard Tuyiragize, Makererere contraception sur la fécondité en Côte d’Ivoire • Angèle Tchuisseu
University, school of Statistics and Planning Mbomda*, Ministère; Fleur Aimée Natacha Owona Ndouguessa, Conseil
National de Lutte contre le Sida (CNLS)
61 Age at First Sex and Age of Sexual Consent in Botswana: An
Exploration of the Socio, Demographic, Health, Policy and Other 68 Socio-Demographic Determinants of Older Persons Satisfaction
Implications of Increasing Age of Sexual Consent in the Context of with Old Age Security Provisions in Nigeria • Elias O. Wahab*, Lagos
Declining Age at First Sex • Serai Daniel Rakgoasi*, University of State University
Botswana; Joseph Pitso, SADC; Gobopamang Letamo, University of
Botswana 69 Prevalence and Determinants of Recent HIV Testing among Older
Persons in Rural Uganda • Stephen Ojiambo Wandera*, Makerere
62 Youth Empowerment Initiative as a Means to Overcome Poverty - University; Betty Kwagala, Makerere University; Fred Maniragaba
Engagement of Youth in Sustainable Food Generation in Nigeria •
Oludele M. Solaja*, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Ogun State, 70 Determinants of Unintended Pregnancy among Currently
Nigeria; Akinwale Ariwoola, University of Ibadan; Olumuyiwa Married Women in Uganda • Ronald Wasswa*, Makerere University;
Omobowale, University of Ibadan Allen Kabagenyi, Makerere University; Leonard Atuhairwe, Makerere
University
63 Youth Reproductive Health and Economic Outcomes in South
Africa • Oluwaseyi Somefun, University of the Witwatersrand; Winfred 71 The Consumer’s Market for Family Planning in Uganda, Kenya,
A. Avogo*, Illinois State University and Nigeria • Nkemdiri Wheatley*, Population Services International;
Mark Conlon, Population Services International; Hildah Essendi,
64 Anémie des enfants de moins de 5 ans au Cameroun : un fardeau Population Services Kenya; Julius Ngigi, Population Services Kenya;
silencieux au cœur d’un duel rural-urbain • Jonas Tchassem Pinlap*, Anthony Nwala, SOCIETY FOR FAMILY HEALTH,NIGERIA; Chinedu
Ministère de l'Économie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement du Onyezobi, Society for Family Health Nigeria; Peter Buyungo, Population
Territoire (MINEPAT) Services International, Uganda; Baker Lukwago, PSI; Paul Bouanchaud,
Population Services International; Brett Keller, Population Services
International; Raymond Sudoi, Independent Consultant; Justin Archer,

60
Independent Consultant; Amanda Kalamar, Population Services Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
International
96 Evaluation of Cash Transfers Interventions •
72 Missing Women, Sex-Ratios at Birth, and the Demographic
Transition • Joshua K Wilde*, Max Planck Institute for Demographic
Évaluation des interventions relatives aux transferts
Research d’argent

73 Reproductive freedom and contraceptive use in Burkina Faso • Chair / Président(e) : Michel Tenikue, Luxembourg Institute of Socio-
Lonkila Moussa Zan*, IDESO/Université de Genève Economic Research (LISER)

74 Spatial Analysis of Child Mortality and Welfare Differentials in 1 Impacts of an Education Cash Transfer and a Girls Empowerment
South Africa: Evidences from the 2011 Census • Samuel A. Zewdie*, Program on Adolescent Girls’ Education, Health and Economic
Ethiopian Development Research Institute; Visseho Adjiwanou, Université Outcomes in Kenya • Karen Austrian*, Population Council - Kenya;
du Québec à Montréal Erica Soler-Hampejsek; Beth Kangwana, Population Council; Yohannes
Dibaba Wado, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC);
Benta A. Abuya, African Population and Health Research Center
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre (APHRC); John A. Maluccio, Middlebury College
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
2 Impacts of Social Protection Programs on Children's Resources
Ziba Hall - First Floor and Well-Being: Evidence from Ethiopia • Getachew Yirga Belete*,
Bahir Dar University
95 Demography, Democracy and Sustainable
3 Unconditional Cash Transfers and Multidimensional Child Poverty
Development in Africa: Which Interrelations? • • Idrissa Ouili*, Université de Montréal; Lucia Ferrone, Università degli
Démographie, démocratie et développement durable en Studi di Firenze; Amber Peterman, University of North Carolina at
Afrique : quelles interrelations? Chapel Hill; Sudhanshu Handa, University of North Carolina at Chapel
Hill; Gustavo Angeles, National Institute of Public Health (INSP), Mexico
Chair / Président(e) : Bernard Mumpasi Lututala, Université de Kinshasa and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

1 Processus électoral dans un contexte d'absence d'un fichier d'état- 4 Nutritional and Schooling Impact of a Cash Transfer Program in
civil: Cas de la RDC • Joseph Senda Lusamba*, COMMISSION Ethiopia: A Retrospective Analysis of Childhood Exposure • Mengesha
ELECTORALE NATIONALE INDEPENDANTE Yayo Negasi*, AddisAbaba Science and Technology University; Mariapia
Mendola, University of Milano_Bicocca
2 Jotham Musinguzi*, National Population Council
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Kama Hall - First Floor

61
97 Analyses of Vital Statistics and Administrative Data • Chair / Président(e) : Christine Schuster, German International
Analyses des statistiques de l'état civil et des données Development Cooperation
administratives
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Chair / Président(e) : Maletela Tuoane-Nkhasi, World Bank 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Discussant / Discutant : William Muhwava, UNECA
Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
1 Assessing the Quality of National Life Tables in Algeria Using
Specific Surveys • Meryem Chinoune*, ENSSEA; Farid Flici, Centre de
Recherche en Economie Appliquée pour le Développement (CREAD ) 99 An Assessment of The Impact of Lack Of Quality
Youth Friendly Health Services • L’évaluation de l'impact
2 Closing-out the Algerian life tables : for more accuracy and du manque de services de santé de qualité adaptés aux
adequacy at old-ages • Farid Flici*, Centre de Recherche en Economie jeunes
Appliquée pour le Développement (CREAD )
Chair / Président(e) : Kondwani N. Mwendo, Malawi Human Rights
3 « Les défis de l’objectif 3 du programme de développement durable Commission
horizon 2030 : le cas du Plan sésame au Sénégal » • Yakhame Gueye*, Discussant / Discutant : Mukesh Parmar, Jawaharlal Nehru University
Université de Thiès Discussant / Discutant : Peninah Agaba, Makerere University
Discussant / Discutant : Yunia Mayanja, MRC/UVRI
4 Disparités intergénérationnelles d'enregistrement des naissances et Discussant / Discutant : Jyer Stiven Magnondo Dielet, Association
décès au Cameroun : le cas de la ville de Bafia. • Hamidou Kone*, Congolaise pour le Bien Etre Familial
Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD); Dimititri
Stève Agogue, Ministère de l'Économie, de la Planification et de 1 Challenges of Contraceptive Use among Pastoral Adolescent Girls
l'Aménagement du Territoire in Karamoja in Uganda • Stella Achen*, Makerere University; Charles
B. Rwabukwali, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Makererre
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre University; Peter Atekyereza, Department of Sociology and Anthropology,
Makererre University
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
2 Assessing Implementation Gaps in Youth-Friendly Services in Five
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor Countries • Elizabeth Leahy Madsen*, Population Reference Bureau
(PRB); Burcu Bozkurt, International Youth Alliance for Family Planning;
98 Critical issues to be addressed for the realization of a Jill Chanley, Population Reference Bureau; Marissa Falk, Population
Reference Bureau; Ramya Jawahar, International Youth Alliance for
demographic dividend in Africa • Problèmes critiques à Family Planning; Christine Power, Population Reference Bureau; Lena
prendre en compte pour la réalisation d'un dividende Zaguesome, International Youth Alliance for Family Planning
démographique en Afrique
3 An Assessment of the Impact of Lack of Quality Youth Friendly
Health Services • Foster Mafiala*, SRHR AFRICA TRUST (SAT)

62
4 Estimating Adolescent Abortion Incidence and Unintended Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Pregnancy in Zimbabwe • Taylor Riley*, Guttmacher Institute; Gerald
Madziyire, University of Zimbabwe; Tsungai Chipato, University of 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Zimbabwe, College of Health Sciences – Clinical Trails Research Centre;
Elizabeth A. Sully, Guttmacher Institute Princess Hall - First Floor

Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 101 Behavioural Responses to HIV/AIDS and STIs I •
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Réponses comportementales au VIH/sida et aux IST

Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor Chair / Président(e) : Stella Babalola, Johns Hopkins University

1 Gender Differential and Social Determinants on Treatments of


100 Demography of Mental Health in Africa • Tuberculosis/HIV Co-Infected Patients • Sunday Matthew Abatan*,
Démographie de la santé mentale en Afrique Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Opeyemi Ogungbola, Federal University of
technology, Akure; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo, Federal University Oye-
Chair / Président(e) : Frederick Makumbi, Makerere University Ekiti; Mustapha Giro Usman, Federal University Benin-Kebbi; Adesoji
Ogunsakin, federal university, oye ekiti
1 Suicide Ideation and Its Correlates among University
Undergraduates in South Western Nigeria • Ojo M. Agunbiade, 2 Multilevel analysis of the HIV testing in Burkina Faso • Emmanuel
Obafemi Awolowo University and University of the Witwatersrand; Idohou*, Aix-Marseille Université
Ayodele Ajibola*, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Obafemi
Awolowo University 3 The Impact of Quality Sexual Education on HIV/AIDS in Zambia:
Evidence from a Natural Experience • Arlette Simo Fotso*, World Bank
2 Mental Health and Urban Living in Sub-Saharan Africa: Major Group ; Sally E. Findley, Columbia University and ICAP-NY
Depressive Episodes among the Urban Poor in Lilongwe, Malawi. •
Jacque Kalongosola*, Malawi; Dr Chifundo Zimba, Malawi 4 The determinants of the demand for hiv testing among
cameroonian women • Rosy Pascale Tchouapi Meyet*, Université de
3 Factors Associated with Depression in the Isizulu Speaking dschang; Patrick Plane, Université Clermont Auvergne; Aloysius Njong
Population of South Africa • Thembelihle Q. Luthuli*, University of Mom, Université de bamenda
KwaZulu-Natal
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
4 The Effects of Socio-Economic Factors on Depression and
Perceived Health Status (Phs) among a Cohort of Young People (15-24) 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
in South Africa: Evidence from the National Income Dynamics Study
(Nids) Waves 1-5. • Nelly Ruth Nkhoma*, University of Cape Town; Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor
Catriona Towriss, University of Cape Town

63
102 Migration and Urbanization Dynamics in Africa: (ISLP)
Patterns, Trends and Prospects • Dynamique de Discussant / Discutant : Christopher Nshimbi, Centre for the Study of
Governance Innovation (GovInn) University of Pretoria
l'urbanisation en Afrique : modèles, tendances et
perspectives 1 The Disparate Roles of Migration, Reclassification and Vital Rates
in the Urban Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa • Philippe Bocquier,
Chair / Président(e) : Bassiahi Abdramane Soura, Université de Université Catholique de Louvain; Ashira Menashe Oren*, Université
Ouagadougou Catholique de Louvain; Stefanija Veljanoska, Université Catholique de
Louvain; Joan Damiens, Université Catholique de Louvain
1 Urbanisation, mobilité et fonctionnement de l’offre de transport à
Yaoundé • Jean Patrick Mfoulou Olugu*, Communauté Urbaine de 2 International Migration and Government Policies: Immigration vs.
Yaoundé Emigration Restrictions • Christoph Deuster*, UN DESA

2 Regional Differences of Causal Effects of Urbanization on Fertility. 3 Internal Migration and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: The
Evidence from 174 Demographic Health Surveys (1990-2011) • Contrasting Effect of Migrant Status on Mortality over the Life-Course
Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene*, Université de Kinshasa and Statistics • Carren Ginsburg*, University of the Witwatersrand; Philippe
Canada; Jose Mangalu Mobhe, University of Kinshasa Bocquier, Université Catholique de Louvain; Ashira Menashe Oren,
Université Catholique de Louvain; Collinson Mark, University of the
3 Climate Change and Forced Migration from Mai Adu’a Local Witwatersrand
Government Area in Desert Prone Front Line State Katsina, Nigeria •
Salisu Lawal Halliru*, Federal College Of Education Kano 4 The Levels and Socio-Demographic Factors of Fertility among
Migrant and Non-Migrant Females in South Africa • Fulufhedzani
4 Drivers of Migration Intentions in the Volta Delta: The Role of Ravele; Nicole De Wet - Billings*, University of the Witwatersrand
Climate-Related Hazards and Adaptation Strategies • Mumuni Abu*,
University of Ghana
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM Kuku Hall - First Floor
Executive Room - Ground Floor 104 The Collision of Population Growth and Climate
Change in the Sahel: Implications for Food Security and
103 Migration Flows: New Origins, New Destinations, Development • La collision de la croissance démographique
Consequences • Flux migratoires : Nouveaux points de et du changement climatique au Sahel : implications pour
départs, nouvelles destinations et conséquences la sécurité alimentaire et le développement
Chair / Président(e) : John Mushomi Atwebembeire, Makerere University
Discussant / Discutant : Marius Olivier, Institute for Social Law and Policy

64
Chair / Président(e) : Abdoul Moumouni Nouhou, Université de Genève 1 Analyse Des Privations Multiples Des Enfants De Moins De 5 Ans
Discussant / Discutant : Marie-Audrey Sonzia Teutsong, Université de En Cote D'ivoire Et Au Senegal: Une Etude Comparative Basee Sur
Bretagne Occidentale (UBO) L'approche Cc-Moda (Country-Cross Multiple Overlapping De
Privation Analyses) • Koné Kassoum*, Institut de formation et de
1 Les enjeux de la forte croissance démographique, Quelles recherche démographique
implications sur le développement agricole et la croissance économique
• Saadatou Alkassoum Sangaré*, Cellule d'Analyse des Politiques 2 Développement Du Jeune Enfant Et La Préparation Pour L’entrée
Publiques; Alisha Graves, The OASIS Initiative; Abdoul Moumouni A L’école Primaire • Aurelie Josiane Kengne Defo*, Démographe au
Nouhou, Université de Genève Ministère de l'économie, de la planification et de l'aménagement du
territoire
2 Changement climatique et morbidité diarrhéique dans le Bassin du
Lac Tchad : une analyse de nouveaux enjeux • Prosper Fils Olemba 3 Fréquentation du préscolaire et performances scolaires au Sénégal
Olemba*, Bureau Central des Recensements et des Etudes de Populations • Soufianou S. M. Moussa*, Laboratoire de Recherche sur les
(BUCREP) Transformations Economiques et Sociales (LARTES-IFAN); Adou Salam
Fall, LARTES; Codé Lô, LARTES
3 Population et sécurité alimentaire : comprendre les liens entre la
sécurité alimentaire et les caractéristiques sociodémographiques des Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
ménages en milieu rural nigérien. • AMANI Hachimou*, Initiative
OASIS; Amadou Garba Souleymane, Initiative OASIS; Nouhou Abdoul 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Moumouni, Initiative OASIS
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
4 Forest Governance, Ungoverned Spaces and Cattle Banditry in
Northern Nigeria • Ifeanyi Onwuzuruigbo*, Department of Political 106 Population Dynamics, Environmental Change and
Sciences, Faculty of Humanities, University of Pretoria
Food Security in Africa • Dynamique de la population,
changements environnementaux et sécurité alimentaire en
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre Afrique subsaharienne
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Chair / Président(e) : Samuel Codjoe, University of Ghana
Ziba Hall - First Floor Discussant / Discutant : Donatus Yaw Atiglo, Regional Institute for
Population Studies
105 Investments in Early Childhood Development to Reap
1 Les determinants de l'insecurite alimentaire en Afrique
the Demographic Dividend • Investir dans le Subsaharienne. • Christiane Lacmago Gaffo*, universite de yaounde
développement de la petite enfance pour récolter le
dividende démographique 2 Through Their Eyes and Mouths: Inequality in Access to Food in
Urban Poor Settings, Nairobi, Kenya • Elizabeth W. Kimani-Murage,
Chair / Président(e) : Jean-François Kobiane, ISSP African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Teresia Njoki,
Discussant / Discutant : Parfait Eloundou-Enyegue, Cornell University UCSF Global; David Osogo, African Population and Health Research

65
Center (APHRC); Hilda Owii*, African Population and Health Research 2 The Geography of Unequal Access to Surgical and Anaesthesiology
Center (APHRC); Michelle Mbuthia, African Population and Health in Nigeria • Sabrina Juran, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA);
Research Center (APHRC); Paula Griffiths, Loughborough University; El Vilaly Abd Salam, UNFPA; Tatem Andy, WorldPp/Flowminder;
Melaneia Warwick, Loughbrough University; Claudia Mitchelle, McGill Emmanuel Ameh, Department of Surgery National Hospital, Abuja; John
University; Nyovani Madise, African Institute for Development Policy Meara, Harvard Medical School; Tapiwa Jhamba*, United Nations
(AFIDEP) Population Fund (UNFPA)

3 Poverty and Food Insecurity Survival Mechanisms for Older 3 Estimating Mortality from Census Data: an record linkage study in
Persons with and without HIV/AIDS in a Rural Setting South Western the Nouna Demographic and Health Surveillance System in Burkina
Uganda. • Joseph Mugisha, University of Missouri; Kaleea Lewis, Faso • Yempabou Bruno Lankoande*, Institut National d'Etudes
University of Missouri-Columbia; Janet Seeley, London School of Hygiene Démographiques (INED)/Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population
and Tropical Medicine; Joel Negin, University of Sydney; Enid Schatz*, (ISSP); Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain; Hélène
University of Missouri, Columbia Bangre, Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (INSD);
Pascal Zabré, Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna - Burkina Faso;
4 Rural Out-Migration and Food Security in Ghana’s Development Géraldine Duthé, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED);
Zones • Aaron K. Christian*, University of Ghana; Donatus Yaw Atiglo, Abdramane Soura, Université de Ouagadougou; Gilles Pison, French
Regional Institute for Population Studies ; Micheal Okyere, UNU-WIDER, National Museum of Natural History and Institut National d'Études
University of Ghana, Legon-Accra; Samuel Codjoe, University of Ghana Démographiques (INED); Ali Sié, Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna

4 Le handicap chez les adultes (18-59 ans) au Sénégal : une approche


Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre écologique • Arlette Simo Fotso, World Bank Group ; Ibrahima Diouf,
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD);
Géraldine Duthé*, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)
Kama Hall - First Floor
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
107 Initiatives to Promote the Use of Census Data in 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Africa and Health Issues • Initiatives visant à promouvoir
l'utilisation des données de recensement en Afrique et les Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
enjeux de santé
108 Applying the Capability Approach in Population
Chair / Président(e) : Richard Marcoux, Université de Laval Studies • Application de l'approche sur les capacités dans
Discussant / Discutant : Jacques B. O. Emina, University of Kinshasa
les études de population
1 Inégalités provinciales de mortalité des enfants de moins de cinq
ans au Burkina Faso à partir de deux recensements : description et Chair / Président(e) : Claudine E. M. Sauvain-Dugerdil, Université de
recherche de corrélats • Hervé Bassinga*, Institut Supérieur des Sciences Genève
de la Population (ISSP); Abdramane Soura, Université de Ouagadougou

66
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM

Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor

109 Sexual and Reproductive Health and Reproductive 110 Migration and Health • Migration et santé
and Rights: Success Factors and Barriers • La santé et les
droits en matière de sexualité et de procréation : facteurs Chair / Président(e) : Carren Ginsburg, University of the Witwatersrand
de succès et obstacles Discussant / Discutant : Mark Collinson, University of the Witwatersrand

Chair / Président(e) : Anne Khasakhala, University of Nairobi 1 Predictors of Migration in an HIV Hyper-Endemic Rural South
Discussant / Discutant : George Odwe, Population Council African Community: Evidence from a Population-Based Cohort (2001-
2017) • Armstrong Dzomba*, Africa Health Research Institute; Andrew
Tomita, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Alain Vandormael, University of
1 Reproductive Health Services Uptake in Private vs Public Health Minnesota; Hae-Young Kim, Africa Health Research Institute; Frank
Facility in Benin Republic: Accessing Differences in Access and Use Tanser, Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies
through a Qualitative Study • Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan;
Alphonse M. Affo*, Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de
Population (CEFORP); Adeyemi O. Adekunle, University of Ibadan; 2 Remittances And Under Five Mortality: Evidence From Sub
Ayodele Arowojolu, University College Hospital, Ibadan Saharan African Countries • Henri Njangang*, Université de Dschang;
Tadadjeu Sosson, Université de Dschang
2 Improving Adolescents’ Access to and Utilization of Modern
Contraceptive Methods: Insights from Mukuru Kwa Njenga Informal 3 Geographical Analysis of Risky Sexual Behaviours among Migrant
Settlement, Nairobi City County • Alex Gateri*, African Population and and Non-Migrant Youth in Nigeria • Juliana Onuh*, Population
Health Research Center (APHRC); Faith Osore, United Nations Geography, Department of Geography, University of Nigeria Nsukka;
Population Fund (UNFPA) Chukwuedozie K. Ajaero, University of Nigeria, Nsukka; Clifford O.
Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand
3 Barriers to Access and Utilization of Youth-Friendly Srh Services
among Young People in Busoga Region • Dianah Nanyange, 4 A Comparative Analysis on the Impact of the Influx of Refugees
Researcher; Margret Nanyombi, Family Life Education Program; from War-Torn Central African, into Cameroon: Empirical Evidence
Venantius Kirwana*, Researcher • Fabien Sundjo*, University of Buea; Winifred Azhisey Atefor, PAN
AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT
4 Contraceptive Knowledge and Use among Youth in Abuja
Metropolis, Nigeria. • Henry N. Ugwu*, University of the Witwatersrand, Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Johannesburg; Ijeoma Igwe, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, 2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
University of Nigeria; Joseph Okeibunor, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Princess Hall - First Floor

67
111 Geographical Patterns of Major Health Challenges II 1 Social Engagement: Key to Sustainable Livelihood and Socio-
• Caractéristiques géographiques des principaux problèmes Economic Well-Being in Later Life • Gift Omobolanle Amaike*,
University of Lagos
de santé II
2 Conditions de vie et vulnérabilité des personnes âgées au Bénin :
Chair / Président(e) : Samuel O. M. Manda, South Africa Medical Vers un effritement du système de transferts intergénérationnels •
Research Council Sotima Espérance Demate*, Ecole Nationale de la Statistique, de la
Discussant / Discutant : Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Northumbria Planification et de la Démographie de l'Université de Parakou
University, Newcastle upon Tyne (ENSPD/UP); Mouftaou Amadou Sanni, Ecole Nationale de la
Statistique, de la Planification et de la Démographie de l'Université de
1 Where Do They Live and What Are the Individual and Contextual Parakou (ENSPD/UP)
Factors Predisposing Children to Severe Acute Malnutrition in Sub-
Saharan Africa • Adeniyi Fagbamigbe*; Olalekan Uthman, Warwick- 3 Capabilités des retraités en Afrique subsaharienne au secours de
Centre for Applied Health Research and Delivery, University of Warwick l’assurance maladie. Cas du Tchad. • Jonathan Telbaye Madjitha*,
Medical School Cabinet de Recherche et d'Etudes sur l'Intervention et Développement
Social (CREIDS International); Kebmaki Vincent Nguezoumka, Cellule
2 Determinants of geographical inequalities of mortality in Dakar, d’Appui à la Recherche et à l’Enseignement des Institutions Francophones
Senegal. • Assane Niang Gadiaga*, Université de Namur; Catherine d’Afrique (CARE-IFA)/IFORD; Medard Ndourtorlengar, Université de
Linard, Université de Namur Sarh

3 Geographical Accessibility and Spatial Coverage of Health Services 4 Do Living Arrangements of Older People Matter for Inter-
in Ethiopia • Samuel A. Zewdie*, Ethiopian Development Research Household Transfers They Received? Evidence from Senegal • Willy
Institute Adrien Yakam Yemtchoua*, Université de Montréal; Yves Carriere,
Université de Montréal; Thomas LeGrand, Université de Montréal
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor
Executive Room - Ground Floor
112 National Policies, Intergenerational Transfers and the
Well-Being of Older People • Politiques nationales, 113 Education, Employment and Transformation of
transferts intergénérationnels et bien-être des personnes Gender Relations • Education, Emploi et Transformation
âgées Des Rapports De Genre Au Sein Des Ménages

Chair / Président(e) : Gloria Chepngeno-Langat, University of Chair / Président(e) : Madeleine Wayack Pambè, Université de
Southampton Ouagadougou
Discussant / Discutant : Laure Moguérou, IRD

68
1 Travaux domestiques et inégalités genre dans l’éducation dans les Faith Osasumwen Olanrewaju, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria; Lady
pays en développement d’Afrique Subsaharienne: cas du Sénégal • Adaina Ajayi, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
Lesfran Sam Wanilo Agbahoungba*, LAREG (Université de Parakou) &
CREG (Sénégal); Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT; Edem Akpo, CREG- 2 Male Sexual Virility and Use of Local Aphrodisiacs in Ghana •
CREFAT Daniel Yaw Fiaveh*, University of Cape Coast

2 Are Men Still Selling Garden-Eggs?’: Reflections on a Study on 3 Intimate Partner Violence in Ghana: Examining Bridewealth
Paternal Childcare among Teachers in Accra • Benjamin Kwansa*, Payment and Male-Perpetrated Physical Abuse against Women •
Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana Charlotte Ofori*, Regional Institute for Population Studies, Univeristy of
Ghana and Pennsylvania State University; Francis Dodoo, Pennsylvania
3 Conciliation travail-famille : un défi pour les femmes travaillant State University; Naa Dodua Dodoo, University of Ghana; Adriana A.
dans le secteur public de la santé à Lomé (Togo) • Ayawavi Sitsopé Biney, University of Ghana
Toudeka*, Unité de Recherche Démographique de l'Université de Lomé;
Bilampoa Gnoumou Thiombiano, Université de Ouagadougou 4 Masculinity, Money, and the Postponement of Parenthood in
Nigeria • Daniel Smith*, Brown University
4 Patriarchy and Level of Educatiob:Experiences of Southridge Park
and Qokolweni Female Residents. • Omelele Audrey O. A. Vatsha*,
Student; Nelisa Mlonyeni
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Ziba Hall - First Floor
2:00 PM - 3:30 PM
115 Applications of Spatial Analysis in Demography •
Kuku Hall - First Floor
Applications de l'analyse spatiale à la démographie
114 Masculinities in Africa: Discourses Regarding Men Chair / Président(e) : Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Northumbria University,
Sexualities, Health and wellbeing In A Male-Controlled Newcastle upon Tyne
Society • Masculinités en Afrique : discours sur la sexualité Discussant / Discutant : Samuel O. M. Manda, South Africa Medical
masculine, la santé et le bien-être dans une société contrôlée Research Council
par les hommes
1 Contribution de l’analyse spatiale pour l’analyse de la morbidité
Chair / Président(e) : Babatunde Omotosho, Federal University Oye-Ekiti des enfants en zones urbaines africaines. Le cas de l’Observatoire de
Discussant / Discutant : Joseph Matovu, Makerere University population de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso) • Franklin Bouba
Djourdebbé*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques
(IFORD)
1 Masculinity in African Culture: A Necessary Paradigm Shift for
Sustainable Health and Wellbeing • Emmanuel O. Amoo*, Covenant
University; Adebanke Olawole-Isaac, Covenant University Canaanland; 2 Opportunities of Georeferenced Census Data to Address
Demographic Challenges in Africa • Sabrina Juran, United Nations

69
Population Fund (UNFPA); Tapiwa Jhamba, United Nations Population 3 The Gender Dimensions of Being HIV-Positive in Ghana’s Most
Fund (UNFPA); Rachel Snow*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) HIV Infected District • Adobea Owusu*, University of Ghana; Eric
Tenkorang, Memorial University; Rebecca Poku, Ripple Effect
3 Mapping Maternal and Newborn Healthcare Access in West Communications, Inc.
African Countries • Dorothy N. Ononokpono*, University of Uyo,
Nigeria; Bernard Baffour, The Australian National University; Alice 4 A Collaborated Intervention Extending HIV/AIDS Awareness and
Richardson, The Australian National University ACT 2601 Prevention to Rural Uganda with Integration of Family Planning. •
Paul Waiswa*, Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU); Humphrey Nabimanya,
4 The Use of Geospatial Techniques in Predicting and Monitoring Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU); Nkonge Ibrahim, Reach A Hand Uganda
Population Movements in Mogadishu, Somalia • Amina Said, United (RAHU); Gilbert Beyamba, Reach A Hand Uganda
Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) - Somalia; Josyline Gikunda, UNFPA-
Somalia; Umikaltuma Ibrahim*, United Nations Population Fund Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
(UNFPA) Somalia; Mariam Alwi, Head of Population and Development
Dept; Felix Mulama, Demographic Specialist; Richard N'getich, 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Statistical Specialist; Said Abdilahi, Ministry of Planning, Investment and
Economic Development Kama Hall - First Floor

Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 117 Methodological Issues in Population Studies •


4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Questions méthodologiques dans les études de population

Theatre Hall - Ground Floor Chair / Président(e) : Philippe Bocquier, Université Catholique de Louvain

1 Evolution of the Demographic and Health Survey Questionnaire


116 Behavioural Responses to HIV/AIDS and STIs II • for Collecting Data on Stillbirths and Neonatal Deaths • Joseph W.
Réponses comportementales au VIH / SIDA et aux IST II Akuze*, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Simon Cousens,
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Joy Lawn, London School
Chair / Président(e) : Stella Babalola, Johns Hopkins University of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Peter Waiswa, Makerere University
School of Public Health; Vladimir Goordeev, Oueen Mary University of
1 Utilisation de l’analyse factorielle pour l’optimisation du London; Angela Baschieri, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF),
questionnaire comportemental YERELON et l’identification des Ethiopia; Hannah Blencowe, London School of Hygiene & Tropical
groupes de travailleuses du sexe à risque d’infection par le VIH. • Medicine
Harouna Noël Bado*, Centre Muraz; Isidore T. Traoré, Centre Muraz;
Salifou C. A. Zerbo, Centre Muraz 2 In Pursuit of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Global
Compact on Migration for Safe, Orderly and Regular Mobility of
2 Factors Associated with Multiple Sexual Partners among First- Persons; Status of Migration Data on the African Continent:
Year Students in a South African University • Godswill N. Osuafor*, Reflections from Southern Africa • John Mushomi Atwebembeire*,
North-West University, Mafikeng Campus Makerere University

70
3 Enumerator Knowledge Effects in Subjective Expectation 3 Suicide among Pregnant Females in South Africa: Intentional Self-
Elicitation • Jason Kerwin*, University of Minnesota; Natalia Ordaz Harm or Attempted Termination of Pregnancy? • Nicole De Wet -
Reynoso, University of Minnesota Billings*, University of the Witwatersrand

Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 4 Do Actions Speak Louder than Words? Assessing How Drug
Sellers Sell and Dispense Misoprostol for Abortion in Lagos State,
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Nigeria. • Akanni I. Akinyemi*, Harvard School of Public Health;
Melissa Stillman, Guttmacher Institute; Amanda Berry, Guttmacher
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor Institute; Erinfolami Temitope, Obafemi Awolowo University; Adesegun
O. Fatusi, Obafemi Awolowo University; Olalekan Olagunju; Onikepe
Owolabi, Guttmacher Institute; Ann M. Moore, Guttmacher Institute;
118 DEMOSTAFF Project • Projet DEMOSTAFF Akinrinola Bankole, Guttmacher Institute

Chair / Président(e) : Géraldine Duthé, Institut National d'Études


Démographiques (INED) Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor

Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor 120 Barriers to Contraceptive Use • Les obstacles à
l'utilisation des contraceptifs
119 Trends, Determinants and Consequences of Induced
Chair / Président(e) : Anastasia J. Gage, Tulane University SPHTM/GCHB
Abortion • Les tendances, les déterminants et les Discussant / Discutant : Alex C. Ezeh, Drexel University
conséquences de l'avortement provoqué
1 Married Young Women Low Contraceptive Use Is Associated with
Chair / Président(e) : Akinrinola Bankole, Guttmacher Institute Normative Beliefs, Misconception and Self-Efficacy in Rural Ethiopia:
Community Based Cross-Sectional Study • Tariku Dingeta Amante*,
1 Understanding the Trends and Variations of Abortion in Regions Yemane Brehan; Yemane Berhane, Addis Continental Institute of Public
of Ghana • Ololade O. J. Baruwa*, North West University; Paul Ajayi, Health (AC-IPH); Lemessa Oljira Hordofa, Haramaya University;
University of Witwatersrand Alemayehu Worku, Addis Ababa University

2 The Association between Abortion Motivation and Abortion Safety 2 Obstacles to Contraceptive Adoption amongst Women in Union in
in Ghana • Ndola Prata*, University of California, Berkeley; Jalang Low Contraceptive Practice Settings in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case
Conteh, University of California, Berkeley of the Republic of Benin • Justin Dansou*, University of Ibadan;
Adeyemi O. Adekunle, University of Ibadan; Ayodele Arowojolu,
University College Hospital, Ibadan; Alphonse M. Affo, Centre de

71
Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP); Judicael Francesc Gomez-Olive, Harvard University; Mark Gross, Brown
Alladatin, Universite de Parakou University; Sadson Harawa, University of the Witwatersrand; Mark
Lurie, Brown University; Keith Mukondwa, University of the
3 The Effect of Method-Specific Attributes on Contraceptive Witwatersrand; Rebecca Wang, Brown University; Stephen Tollman,
Discontinuation and Switching: Analysis of Longitudinal Data from University of the Witwatersrand; Michael J. White, Brown University
Nairobi and Homa Bay in Kenya. • Yohannes Dibaba Wado*, African
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Michael M. Mutua, 3 Village Saving Loan Association: An Innovative Tool for
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Kazuyo Incentivizing Community Health Workers Programs in Western Kenya
Machiyama, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); • Geoffrey Tanui*, Save the Children International; Sarah Mukisa, Save
George Odwe, Population Council ; John B. Casterline, The Ohio State the Children International; Tewodros Gebremichael, Save the Children
University; John G. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and Tropical International; Emmanuel Luvai, Busia County Government, MOH; Daniel
Medicine (LSHTM) Kavoo, Community Health and Development Unit, MOH; John Emmanuel
Papai, Bungoma County Government, MOH; Samuel Kiogora, Community
4 Addressing Misconceptions and Concerns about Uptake of Health and Development Unit, MOH; Lynn Kanyuuru, Save the Children;
Vasectomy/Modern Family Planning Methods for Males in Delta State, Martin Omedo, Save the Children International
Nigeria • Kennedy Eborka*, University of Lagos; Tope Owolabi,
Department of Sociology, University of Lagos; John Lekan Oyefara, Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
University of Lagos
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
122 Women’s Economic Empowerment and Sexual and
Princess Hall - First Floor Reproductive Health and Rights in Africa: exploring
Intersections and Interlinkages • L’émancipation
121 General Health and Utilization of Health Services • économique des femmes et santé et droits en matière de
Santé générale et utilisation des services de santé sexualité et de reproduction en Afrique : explorer les
intersections et les interconnexions
Chair / Président(e) : Thandie Hlabana, National University of Lesotho
Chair / Président(e) : Chimaraoke Izugbara, International Center for
1 Patterns of Delivery Assistance among Adolescent Mothers in Research on Women
Nigeria • Christiana A. Alex-Ojei*, University of the Witwatersrand; Discussant / Discutant : Sunday Adedini, University of the Witwatersrand
Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand; Joshua O.
Akinyemi, University of Ibadan
1 Examining the Interlinkages of Women’s Economic Empowerment
and Reproductive Health in Tanzania • Esther Dungumaro*,
2 Health Care Utilisation and Internal Migration in Rural and University of Dar es Salaam
Urban South Africa • Carren Ginsburg*, University of the
Witwatersrand; Collinson Mark, University of the Witwatersrand;

72
2 Searching the Nexus between Women Empowerment and Female Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Genital Cutting/Mutilation • Patrizia Farina*, Università degli Studi di
Milano - Bicocca; Mawa Mohamed, PhD Student; Livia Elisa Ortensi, 4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna; Thomas Pettinato,
Researcher Kuku Hall - First Floor

3 Is Household Wealth Associated with Consistent Condom Use 124 Gender Dimensions of Vulnerability to Climate
among Young Women (15-35) in Zimbabwe? • Goabaone Mabaila*
Change as Well as Gender Dimension of Natural Resources
• Dimensions sexo-spécifiques de la vulnérabilité au
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre changement climatique et des ressources naturelles
4:00 PM - 5:30 PM
Chair / Président(e) : Raymond Ruyoka, Reproductive Health Uganda
Executive Room - Ground Floor Discussant / Discutant : Gabriel Owagbemi, Adekunle Ajasin University

123 Family and Marriage in Sub-Saharan Africa: 1 Gender-Differentiated Household Vulnerability to Environmental
Stressors in the Volta Delta, Ghana • Donatus Yaw Atiglo*, Regional
Transformation And Consequences II • Famille et mariage Institute for Population Studies ; Samuel Codjoe, University of Ghana
en Afrique subsaharienne: transformation et conséquences
II 2 Women’s Perspectives and Experiences of Climate Change: The
Case of Rural Kwazulu Natal, South Africa • Fanelesibonge Masinga,
Chair / Président(e) : Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à University of KwaZulu-Natal; Pranitha Maharaj, University of KwaZulu-
Montréal Natal; Divane Nzima*, University of KwaZulu-Natal

1 Flux and Strain in Marriage Contraction: The Changing Face of 3 Gender Dimensions of Vulnerability to Climate Change as Well as
Bridewealth in Contemporary Ghana • Naa Dodua Dodoo*, University Gender Dimensions to Natural Resources • Rodrick Ndi*, Dschang
of Ghana school of Law and Political Science, University of Dschang

2 “Cementing” Marriages through Childbearing in Subsequent 4 Gender Disparities Sited in Strategies Employed by Bee Farmers to
Unions: Insights into Fertility Differentials among First-Time Married Minimize Impacts of Climate Variability in Kamwenge District,
Women and Remarried Women in Ghana • Gertrude E Elleamoh*, Western Uganda. • Hosea Opedes*, Makerere University; Fredrick
University of Ghana; Fidelia A. A. Dake, University of Ghana Tumwine, Makerere University; Isaac Mugume, Makerere University

3 Early Marriages in Uganda: A Comparative Assessment of


Determinants across Regions • Jude Otim*, Kyambogo University; Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Robert Wamala, Makerere University 5:00 PM - 8:00 PM

73
UAPS Elections • Elections à l'UEPA 3 Effect of Performance-Based Financing on Health Service
Delivery: A Case Study from Adamawa State, Nigeria • Ryoko Sato*,
Harvard School of Public Health; Abdullahi Belel, Independent
Ziba Hall - First Floor
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
Ziba Hall - First Floor
126 Trends and Health and Socio-economic Implications
125 Maternal Newborn and Child Health • Santé of Ageing in Africa • Tendances et implications sanitaires et
maternelle du nouveau-né et de l'enfant socio-économiques du vieillissement en Afrique

Chair / Président(e) : Agbessi Amouzou, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School Chair / Président(e) : Abel Nzabona, Makerere university
Discussant / Discutant : Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Makerere University
of Public Health

1 Assessment of Interventions in Primary Health Care for Improved 1 Socio-Economic Challenges Facing Elderly: Perspectives and
Maternal, New-Born and Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Experiences of Older People in Efolweni Township in Kwazulu Natal. •
Systematic Review • Friday Okonofua, University of Medical Sciences, Charlotte Zamokuhle Biyela*
Ondo State , Nigeria; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo*, Federal University
Oye-Ekiti; Oludamilola Adejumo, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo; 2 Reflections on the Quality of Life of Older People in South Africa
Wilson Imongan, Women's Health and Action Research Centre (WHARC); Using Data from the South African Social Attitudes Survey • Pranitha
Rosemary Ogu, University of Port Harcourt; Seun Anjorin, Women's Maharaj*, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Benjamin Roberts, Human
Health and Action Research Centre Science Research Council

2 Knowledge, Attitudes and Acceptancy of Maternal Immunization 3 Old-age Mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Censuses
in South Africa: Perspectives from Pregnant Mothers and Healthcare and Surveys Estimates • Soumaila Ouedraogo*, Institut National
Providers. • Motlatso Rampedi-Godongwana*, Respiratory and d'Études Démographiques (INED); Bruno Masquelier, Université
Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit (RMPRU); University of the Catholique de Louvain; Géraldine Duthé, Institut National d'Études
Witwatersrand; Dr Nellie Myburg, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Démographiques (INED)
Research Unit (RMPRU); Dr Clare Cutland, Respiratory and Meningeal
Pathogens Research Unit (RMPRU); Nomasonto Radebe, Respiratory and 4 Incidence, Prevalence and Impact of HIV Infections among Older
Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit (RMPRU); Sunday Adedini, Persons in Nigeria • Elias O. Wahab*, Lagos State University
University of the Witwatersrand
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM

74
Kama Hall - First Floor 1 Rôles parentaux et développement des jeunes enfants au
Cameroun: équité ou complémentarité ? • Olivier Abondo*, Doctorant,
IFORD
127 The Role of Behavioral Nudges and Incentives in
Achieving Demographic Transition in Africa • Le rôle des 2 The Double Benefits of the Child Development Training Program
mesures d’incitation comportementales dans la réalisation at Uganda Christian University • Jackline Achan*, Uganda Chrisitian
du dividende démographique en Afrique University

Chair / Président(e) : Alex C. Ezeh, Drexel University 3 Investissements dans la petite enfance et dividende démographique
Discussant / Discutant : Rosebell Kagumire, Journalist au Mali • Sadou Doumbo*, SWEDD Project - Mali; Latif Dramani,
CREG-CREFAT; Moussa Sidibe, Projet SWEDD Mali; Robert Dabou,
1 Chimaraoke Izugbara*, International Center for Research on Women Projet SWEDD Mali

2 Ida Salou*, Ministry of Health 4 Early Childhood Development in Urban Slums of Johannesburg:
Does Where Children Lives Matter? • Fulufhedzani Ravele*; Nicole De
Wet - Billings, University of the Witwatersrand
3 Augustine Ankomah*, Population Council

4 Joy Asasira*, National Population Council Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre


6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
5 Moses Ssemugooma*, Mityana Anglican Diocese
Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM 129 Enhancing Comprehensive Sexuality Education in
Restrictive Policy And Socio-Cultural Contexts •
Elgon Hall - Ground Floor L’enseignement de l'éducation sexuelle globale dans des
contextes politiques et socioculturels contraignants
128 Early Child Development: Micro and Macro
Perspectives • Développement de la petite enfance: Chair / Président(e) : Billie de Haas, University of Groningen
perspectives micro et macro Discussant / Discutant : Elizabeth Kemigisha, Mbarara University of
Science & Technology
Chair / Président(e) : Parfait Eloundou-Enyegue, Cornell University
1 Sustainable Development Goal 3 and the Termination of Pregnancy
Discussant / Discutant : Gervais Beninguisse, Institut de Formation et de
Act of Zimbabwe - an Argument for Expanding Women’s Access to
Recherche Démographiques (IFORD)
Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights • Obdiah Mawodza*, Boston
City Campus

75
2 “Closed Mouths Don’t Get Fed”: Understanding the Patterns of Pacôme Acotcheou, Centre de Formation et de Recherche en Matière de
Parent-Adolescent Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health Population; Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan
Issues in Ibadan Slums, Southwest Nigeria • Taofeek Aliyu*,
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Obafemi Awolowo University, 2 Social and Demographic Contexts of Postpartum Family Planning
Ile-Ife; Josua Aransiola, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, and Desired Family Size among Men in Delta State, Nigeria • Kennedy
Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife Eborka*, University of Lagos; Eno Akarawak, Department of
Mathematics, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos; Ebele Chibuzo,
3 Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Six Southern Africa Department of Sociology, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos
Countries: Perspectives from Learners and Teachers • Christine
Chawhanda*, Wits University; Temitope Ogunlela, University of 3 Male Involvement in Women’s Abortion Related Care: A
Witwatersrand School of Public Health; Latifat Ibisomi, Wits University Systematic Scoping Review • Joe Strong*, LSE

4 Does CSE Contribute to the Empowerment of Young People? The 4 « C’est l’homme qui décide et la femme lui est soumise. » -
Case of Burundi • Judith Westeneng*, Rutgers Contribution des Ecoles de maris pour une implication des hommes
dans l'utilisation de la Planification Familiale (PF) au sein des couples
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre au Togo. • Ayawavi Sitsopé Toudeka*, Unité de Recherche
Démographique de l'Université de Lomé; Bilampoa Gnoumou
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM Thiombiano, Université de Ouagadougou; Kodjo Dodji Gbetoglo,
Université de Lomé
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
130 Men’s Role in Family Planning/ Reproductive Health 6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
• Le rôle des hommes dans la planification familiale/la santé
reproductive Princess Hall - First Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Eliya M. Zulu, African Institute for Development
Policy (AFIDEP)
131 Innovative Community Interventions for Improving
Discussant / Discutant : Adriana A. Biney, University of Ghana Maternal, Newborn, Neonatal, and Child Survival. • Les
interventions communautaires novatrices pour améliorer la
1 Influence de l’homme sur les Besoins non satisfaits en matière de survie de la mère, du nouveau-né, et de l'enfant.
planification familiale (BNS/PF) chez les femmes en union au Bénin •
Alphonse M. Affo*, Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de Chair / Président(e) : Catriona Towriss, University of Cape Town
Population (CEFORP); Robert Djogbenou, Université de Montréal; Josué Discussant / Discutant : Peter Waiswa, Makerere University School of
D. G. Avakoudjo, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Université d'Abomey- Public Health
Calavi (FSS/UAC); Cyriaque Degbey, Institut régional de Santé Publique,
Université d'Abomey-Calavi (IRSP/UAC); Jacques Saizonou, Institut 1 A Health Systems Strengthening Initiative in Rural Ghana: The
régional de Santé Publique, Université d'Abomey-Calavi (IRSP/UAC); Impact of the Ghana Essential Health Interventions Program on Use of

76
ANC Services • Patrick Asuming*, University of Ghana; Ayaga Bawah, 1 La comparabilité des données sur les ménages et les structures
Regional Institute for Population Studies familiales dans les recensements du Burkina-Faso, Mali et Sénégal •
Aurélien Dasré*, Université Paris Nanterre; Assa Doumbia Gakou,
2 Utilization of Mobile Phone Short Message to Enhance Focused Instat; Véronique Hertrich, Institut National d'Études Démographiques
Ante Natal Care among Women in Kenya • Eliphas Gitonga*, Kenyatta (INED); Jean Pierre Diamane Bahoum, Agence Nationale de la
University; Jackim M. Nyamari, Kenyatta University; Peterson Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Baguinébié Bazongo, INSD;
Warutere, Kenyatta University; Anthony Wanyoro, Kenyatta University Abdoul Karim Diawara, Instat; Papa Mabeye Diop, Agence Nationale de
la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Mahmouth Diouf, Agence
Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Sibiri Paul
3 Persistent Barriers to MNCH Services in Garissa Sub-County:
Sawadogo, Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (INSD)
Kenya • Isaac Kisiangani*, African Population and Health Research
Center (APHRC); Abdhalah K. Ziraba, African Population and Health
Research Center (APHRC); Lyangamula Kisia, African Population and 2 Configuration des ménages et confort du logement: Cas du Sénégal
Health Research Center (APHRC); Peter Kibe , African Population and • Mahmouth Diouf*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la
Health Research Center (APHRC) Démographie (ANSD); Abdoul Moumouni Nouhou, Université de
Genève; Siaka Cissé, National Institute of Statistics (INSTAT), Mali; Jean
4 Building Strong Minds for Stronger Adolescents: A Toolkit for Pierre Diamane Bahoum, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la
Démographie (ANSD)
Psycho Social Support for Pregnant and Adolescent Mothers in
Informal Settlements of Nairobi • Caroline Wainaina*, African
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Estelle Monique Sidze, 3 Les dynamiques familiales face à la prise en charge des personnes
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) âgées dépendantes au Cameroun • Esther Crystelle Eyinga Dimi*,
Bureau Central des Recensements et des Etudes de Populations (BUCREP)
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre 4 Les rôles multiples de la famille au prisme des données de
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM recensements. Exemples du Mali et du Sénégal. • Claudine E. M.
Sauvain-Dugerdil*, Université de Genève; Abdoul Moumouni Nouhou,
Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor Université de Genève; Siaka Cissé, National Institute of Statistics
(INSTAT), Mali; Jean Pierre Diamane Bahoum, Agence Nationale de la
Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Mahmouth Diouf, Agence
132 Revisit the Definitions of ‘Family’, ‘Union’, and Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD)
‘Household’ in the Context of Changing Social Norms,
Connectedness, Globalization and Mobility • Revisiter les Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre
définitions de " famille ", " union " et " ménage " dans le
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
contexte de l'évolution des normes sociales, de la
connectivité, de la mondialisation et de la mobilité
Executive Room - Ground Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Madeleine Wayack Pambè, Université de
Ouagadougou 133 Effective EIDM Interventions in the Population Field:
Discussant / Discutant : Valerie Golaz, INED Evaluation and Documentation of Best Practices •

77
Interventions efficaces de la prise de décision fondée sur les 134 Living No One behind: Civil Registration
faits dans le domaine de la population : Evaluation et Completeness and Quality Assessment across the Life-
documentation des meilleures pratiques Course • Ne laisser personne derrière: Évaluation de la
complétude et de la qualité de l'enregistrement des faits
Chair / Président(e) : Rose Oronje, African Institute for Development d’état civil tout au long de la vie
Policy (AFIDEP)
Discussant / Discutant : Rose Oronje, African Institute for Development Chair / Président(e) : Sandile Simelane, United Nations Population Fund
Policy (AFIDEP) (UNFPA)

1 Reproductive Health and Family Planning Behaviors in North 1 Determinants of the Registration of Matrimonial Unions in the
West Nigeria: Effects of a Hausa Language Radio Drama • Fatou Jah*, Republic of Congo. An Analysis of 2007 Census Data and Outlook •
Population Media Center; Scott Connolly, Population Media Center; Kriss Benoit LIbali*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Barker, Population Media Center; William Ryerson, Population Media
Center; Ephraim Okon, Population Media Center-Nigeria; Mike
DeSarno, University of Vermont; Gimba Victor Kyari, Kaduna State 2 Strengthening of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems in
University; Yusuf Haliru, Center for Reproductive Health and Jordan • Ahmad Moumani*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Development Services, Kano; Kayode Alli-Balogun, Center for
Reproductive Health and Development Services, Kano 3 Strengthening of Civil Registration and Vital Statistics Systems in
Guinea • Ibrahim Kaba*, Guinea Civil Registration Authority
2 Practical Experience in Multi-Sectoral Approaches in
Incorporating Population Dynamics in German International Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
Cooperation • Christine Schuster*, German International Development
Cooperation; Elke Loichinger, Federal Institute for Population Research
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM

3 Investigating the Early Impact of the Global Gag Rule on Women’s Banquet Hall - First Floor
Sexual and Reproductive Health Outcomes in Uganda • Margaret
Giorgio*, Guttmacher Institute; Frederick Makumbi, Makerere P4 Poster Session 4 • Séance posters 4
University; Simon P. S. Kibira, Makerere University; Suzanne Bell, Johns
Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Elizabeth A. Sully, 1 Mutations économiques et évolution des rapports de genre en
Guttmacher Institute milieu rural Fang du Sud-Cameroun • Julien Abossolo Ndongo*,
Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de l'Aménagement du
Thursday, November 21 / Jeudi, 21 Novembre Territoire (MINEPAT)
6:00 PM - 7:30 PM
2 Let the Men Do It: Taking Advantage of Gender Inequalities in
Water Resources Governance in the Bosomtwi District of Ghana •
Kuku Hall - First Floor Yvonne Adjakloe, University of Cape Coast; Lailah Alidu*, University of
Warwick

78
3 Autonomisation de la femme et diversité alimentaire en milieu 11 Entourage, Contexte Social Et Co-Infection VIH Et Hépatite B Au
rural nigérien : preuve d’une approche intégrée au niveau Cameroun • Roland Marc Moodjom*, CARE-IFA/IFORD; Anaclet
communautaire • AMANI Hachimou, Initiative OASIS; Amadou Garba Dzossa, Institut National de la Statistique du Cameroun
Souleymane*, Initiative OASIS; Ibrahim Agali Balki, Initiative OASIS
12 Effects of Rural Urban Migration on Families Left in Rural
4 Young People’s Perceptions about Abortion in South West Nigeria: Areas: A Case of Ncambedlana at King Sabatha Dalidyebo Local
Findings from Formative Audience Research • Olujide Arije, Obafemi Municipality, Eastern Cape Province. • Pakamile Mpunga*, student;
Awolowo Univeristy, Ile-Ife; Temitope Ojo*, Obafemi Awolowo Maxhakana Inathi, student
University, Ile-Ife; Adedeji Onayade, Obafemi Awolowo University;
Abiodun Adegbenro, Population Media Centre; Fatou Jah, Population 13 Food-Basket Intervention to Reduce Micronutrient Deficiencies
Media Center; Scott Connolly, Population Media Center among Maasai-Pregnant Women in Tanzania: A Quasi-Experimental
Study • Naelijwa Mshanga*, The Nelson Mandela African Institution of
5 Trends and Determinants of Neonatal Mortality in Uganda: Science and Technology; Haikael Martin, The Nelson Mandela African
Analysis of the Uganda Demographic and Health Surveys • John Bosco Institution of Science and Technology.; Pammla Petrucka, University of
Asiimwe, Makerere University; Wilson Nyegenye*, Uganda Bureau of Sasktchewan
Statistics; Edmond Muyingo, Ministry of Health
14 Under 10 Mortality Estimate and Causes in Uganda: An Analysis
6 Santé maternelle et infantile dans les pays arabes ;CIPD 25 ans et of 2005-2015 Iganga-Mayuge Health Demographics and Surveillance
au delà • Assia Cherif*, Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et Data • Kananura Muhumuza*, London School of Economics and
d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA); Saliha Ouadah Rebrab, ENSSEA; Political Science; Tiziana Leone, London School of Economics; Dan
Fatma Zohra Sitayeb, université Alger 2; Samia Moussaoui, Université Kajungu, INESS; Tryphena Nareeba, Iganga-Mayuge Health
Ali Lounici Blida 2 Demographic Surveillance Site; Arjan Gjonca, London School of
Economics and Political Science (LSE)
7 Household Environment and Respiratory Infections among
Children in Three Low Income Urban Communities of India. • Kailash 15 Déterminants de la survie des enfants âgés de 6 mois à 15 ans
C. Das*, International Institute for Population Sciences; Kumudini Das, infectés par le VIH et suivis dans la ville d’Ebolowa • Valery Gustave
Pillai's College of Arts, Commerce and Science, Navi Mumbai Mvé Mvé*, Faculté de Médecine et des Sciences Biomédicales; Julien
Abossolo Ndongo, Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de
8 La fécondité au Burkina Faso : Niveaux et déterminants de 1960 à l'Aménagement du Territoire (MINEPAT)
2010. • Belemwidougou Eliane Marie Ester*, Institut Supérieur des
Sciences de la Population (ISSP) 16 Health Facility Reachability Index: Geospatial Analysis of
Demographic Health Vulnerability and Marginalization • Samuel
9 Grand défis et obstacles du dividende démographique au Burkina Mwangi, Tübingen University; Carol Ndiritu*, University of Nairobi;
Faso: Cas des maladies chroniques et des personnes âgées • Ibrahim Joseph Gitahi, University of Applied Sciences Stuttgart
Lougue, Université NAZI BONI; Siaka Lougue*, University of the Western
Cape, South Africa 17 A Comparative Analysis to Understand Equity in Family
Planning Access between Private and Public Facilities across Client
10 Population Dynamics in Africa: Setting Priorities for Demographic Characteristic • Rosette Nakaweesa*, PSIU; Baker
Demographic and Health Policies • Manzoor Malik*

79
Lukwago, PSI; Peter Buyungo, Population Services International, Ngome*, University of Botswana; Moses Festo Towongo, University of
Uganda Botswana

18 Factors Associated with Intimate Partner Emotional Violence 25 Facteurs explicatifs de la malnutrition chez les enfants de moins
among Married Women in Uganda • Resty Nakitto*, Makerere de 5 ans au Cameroun • Chimène Nguemo Dongmo*, Ministére des
university; Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Makerere University; Abel Marchés Publics du Cameroun
Nzabona, Makerere university
26 Déterminants individuels et contextuels de la malnutrition chez les
19 Migrations et transformations d’un espace rural sahélien : cas de enfants de moins de cinq ans en République Démocratique du Congo •
Sapouy, Centre-Ouest du Burkina Faso • Patiende Pascal Nana*, Kebmaki Vincent Nguezoumka*, Cellule d’Appui à la Recherche et à
Institut Superieur des Sciences de la Population (ISSP) l’Enseignement des Institutions Francophones d’Afrique (CARE-
IFA)/IFORD; Ngianga-Bakwin Kandala, Northumbria University,
20 Éducation de la femme et demande des soins de santé maternelle Newcastle upon Tyne; Jean Rodolphe Nguema, Direction Générale de la
au Cameroun • Judith Ndada Mangoua*, Université de Maroua - Statistique; Mondo Mapasi, Université de Kinshasa; Serge Nkusu,
Cameroun Université de Kinshasa; Jean Pierre Kalala, Consultant indépendant;
Octave Lufuankenda, Université de Kinshasa; José Kandala, Consultant
indépendant
21 Factors associated with induced abortion among patients
admitted in post-abortion care services in the tertiary level health
facilities of N’Djamena-CHAD: cross sectional study. • Gebbe Ndari*, 27 Single Motherhood and Poverty Level in Kenya • Ndirangu
Université Panafricaine d'Ibadan Ngunjiri*, Research

22 Les déterminants de l’anémie chez les enfants de moins de cinq 28 Impact des projets de développement locaux sur le secteur
ans au Sénégal. • Papa Ibrahima Ndour*, Direction de la Planification, informel au Cameroun • Yvan Njike*, Université de yaoundé2; Boris
de la Recherche et des Statistiques du Ministère de la Santé et de l'Action Djamen, Université de Douala
sociale; El Hadji Yaya Ly, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la
Démographie (ANSD); Mansor Diaw, Direction du Développement du 29 Trends in Child Mortality from 1993 to 2016, Using Longitudinal
Capital Humain; Dr. Abdoulaye Diallo, Direction de la Planification, de la Data from the South African Population Research Infrastructure
Recherche et des Statistiques du Ministère de la Santé et de l'Action sociale Network (SAPRIN). • Itani I. Ntsieni*, Statistics South Africa

23 What Have Parents in Uganda Done or Not Done to Protect 30 Absent Fathers, Absent Husbands and the Plight of Families Left
Teenagers from Pregnancy and Early Marriages? An Ethnographic behind • Chamunogwa Nyoni*, Bindura University of Science Education;
Study • Stella Neema*, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Francis Jaji, Bindura University of Science Education; Dagobert
Makerere University; Christine Muhumuza, Makerere University, school Mureriwa, Bindura University of Science Education; Dorcas
of Public Health; Florence Mpabulungi Tagoola, United Nations Zuvalinyenga, Bindura University of Science Education
Population Fund (UNFPA)
31 Les déterminants de la mortalité infanto-juvénile au Congo •
24 Comparative Analysis of Determinants of Use of Health Facility Stone Chancel Nzaou*, Institut National de la Statistique(INS)
for Childbirth in Selected Southern African Countries • Enock

80
32 Analysis of Gender Relation, Contraceptive Use and High-Risk Recherche en Sciences de la Santé; Anthony Some, Institut de Recherche
Births in Nigeria • Adesoji Ogunsakin*, federal university, oye ekiti en Sciences de la Santé; Seni Kouanda, Institut de Recherche en Sciences
de la Santé (IRSS)
33 Transitioning Maternal Household Position and under-Five
Mortality in Nigeria: A Cohort Analysis • Hassan Ogunwemimo*, 40 Climate Change-Induced Migration and Its Implication for
Obafemi Awolowo University Sustainable Development: Case of Lake Chad and Lagos Megacity
Sub-Regions, Nigeria’’ • Tai K. Oyekan*, UNICAF UNIVERSITY,
34 Modern Contraception among Sexually Active Unmarried ZAMBIA
Adolescents Aged 15-19 Years in Nigeria. • Olaide Ojoniyi*, University
of the Witwatersrand 41 Levels and Determinants of Fertility in Liberia • Martin
Palamuleni*, North West University
35 Effect of Migration to Cotonou on Interpregnancy Transition
Rate: Application of Episode Splitting Method • Abibatou Agbéké 42 Factors, Context and Correlates of First Heterosexual Sex, Sexual
Olakunle*, Nazan Consulting Coercion and Sexual Risk Behaviours among Adolescents in Botswana
• Serai Daniel Rakgoasi*, University of Botswana; Mpho Keetile,
36 “Sex Is Meant for Adults”: the Impact of Community Perception University of Botswana
towards Female Adolescent Sexual and Reproductive Health (Asrh) in
South-Western Nigeria. • Ayomide Oluseye*, The Open University 43 The Role of Family Planning in Promoting Sustainable
Development in Uganda- a Case Study of the Bududa District, Eastern
37 Access to Primary Healthcare Services and Associated Factors in Uganda” • Raymond Ruyoka*, Reproductive Health Uganda; Jackson
Urban Slums in Nairobi-Kenya. • Peter Otieno*, African Population and Chekweko, Reproductive Health Uganda; Dr Peter Ibembe, Uganda
Health Research Center (APHRC); Shukri Mohamed, African Population
and Health Research Center (APHRC); Martin K. Mutua, African 44 Effects of a Mass Media Radio Serial Drama on Family Planning
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Elvis Omondi Achach Demand Generation and Determinants of Family Planning Use in
Wambiya, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Burundi • William Ryerson*, Population Media Center; Fatou Jah,
Hermann Donfouet, Université de Rennes I; Peter Kibe , African Population Media Center; Scott Connolly, Population Media Center; Kriss
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) Barker, Population Media Center; Jean Bosco Ndayishimiye, Population
Media - Burundi
38 Fréquences d’accouchements gémellaires dans les observatoires
de population du réseau INDEPTH d’Afrique Subsaharienne : analyses 45 Disparités socio-économiques et tendances de la malnutrition
descriptives comparatives • Adama Ouedraogo*, Institut national chronique au Burkina Faso • Pengdewendé Maurice Sawadogo*,
d'études démographiques (Ined) & Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population; Jean-François Kobiane,
ISSP; Eric Tchouaket, Université de Québec en Outaouais
39 Facteurs prédictifs de l’interruption de méthodes contraceptives
chez les jeunes filles au Burkina Faso, Mali et Niger • Adja Mariam 46 Facteurs associés au développement cognitif des enfants malnutris
Ouedraogo*, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé; Halima âgés de 36-59 mois au Cameroun • Stéphane Brice Seukam
Tougri, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé; Kadari Cisse, Kouenkap*, Ministère de l'Economie, de la Planification et de
Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé; Rachidatou Compaore, l'Aménagement du Territoire
Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé; Adama Baguiya, Institut de

81
47 Determinants of Modern Contraceptive Use among Women of Bénin • Achille Tokin*, Université de Parakou; Mouftaou Amadou
Reproductive Ages in the Rural Awi Zone, Ethiopia • Amare Sewnet Sanni, Ecole Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et de la
Minale*, Bahir Dar University Démographie de l'Université de Parakou (ENSPD/UP)

48 Demographic Transition in Ethiopia: Evidences from 1990 to 2016 57 Knowledge and Attitude towards Female Genital Mutilation and
Achievements • Amare Sewnet Minale*, Bahir Dar University Its Health Implications among Women in a Community in Osun State
• Oladimeji Tolulope*, University College Hospital, Oyo State,Nigeria.
49 Les déterminants de la discontinuité des soins obstétricaux entre
la phase prénatale et l’accouchement en Guinée • Lamine Sidibe*, 58 Analyse du comportement des femmes assurées ou non lors des
Institut National de la Statistique consultations prénatales au Togo • Yaovi Tossou*, FASEG (Université
de Lomé)
50 Access Barriers and Facility Delivery Inequalities in Zambia: A
Multilevel Analysis of Individual Heterogeneity and Discriminatory 59 Orphanhood among Children under Age 18 in Democratic
Accuracy. • Laura Sochas*, London School of Economics Republic of the Congo: A Regional Perspective • Zacharie Tsala
Dimbuene, Université de Kinshasa and Statistics Canada; Raphael
51 Determinants of Unmet Need for Contraception among Sexually Muanza Nzuzi, University of Kinshasa; Hardie Banza Ngoie*, University
Active Never-Married Women in Uganda • Joseph Ssonko*, Makerere of Kinshasa; Ornan Ipashi Ipashi, University of Kinshasa; Patrick Ntwali
university Kampala; Allen Kabagenyi, Makerere University Matabaro, University of Kinshasa

52 Pauvreté et santé nutritionnelle de l’enfant au Burkina Faso selon 60 Increased Contraceptive Prevalence or Population Growth?
une approche économétrique. • Emmanuel Tago*, Instititut Supérieur Decomposing the Gains in the Number of Women Using Modern
des Sciences de la Population; Hamidou Koara, Institut Supérieur des Contraceptive Methods between 2000 and 2030 • Philipp Ueffing*,
Sciences de la Population United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population
Division; Vladimira Kantorova, United Nations Population Division;
53 Variations in Rainfall and Food Insecurity in the Sahel Region: Aisha Dasgupta, United Nations Population Division; Mark Wheldon,
The Case of the Far North Region of Cameroon • Teke Takwa* United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs

54 Facteurs explicatifs de la non implication des hommes dans la 61 L'emploi des Femmes à travers les Générations "Socialisation
promotion de la planification familiale au Tchad. • HABIB Actuelle et Emploi de demain: la construction sociale de la division
TCHOUBOU FOBA*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche sexuée du travail" • Khoudia Wade*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique
et de la Démographie (ANSD)
Démographiques (Étudiant en Master 2)

55 Why Marrying a Married-Man? Qualitative Exploration of Plural 62 Population Aging in Nigeria: Themes and Perspectives • Elias O.
Marriage System • Ayotunde Titilayo*, Obafemi Awolowo University; Wahab*, Lagos State University
Oladele Madamilola, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife
63 Fundamental Shift from Early Exit to Active Aging among
56 Evolution des influences contextuelles de l'utilisation de la University Academia: Implications for Future Academia • Elias O.
contraception moderne chez les adolescentes des milieux ruraux au Wahab*, Lagos State University

82
64 Population and Disability: A Triangulatory Perspective • Elias O. Duchel Zapfack Dongmo*, PAN AFRICAN UNIVERSITY, Institute of
Wahab*, Lagos State University Governance, Human and Social Sciences - YAOUNDE, CAMEROON

65 STIs and Sexual Behavior among the Older Persons in Nigeria • Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
Elias O. Wahab*, Lagos State University
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
66 Patterns and Predictors of Private and Public Health Care
Utilization in an Informal Settlement in Nairobi, Kenya • Elvis Ziba Hall - First Floor
Omondi Achach Wambiya*, African Population and Health Research
Center (APHRC); Peter Otieno, African Population and Health Research 135 Plenary Session: Data for Development: Quality as a
Center (APHRC); Martin K. Mutua, African Population and Health
Benchmark to Achieving Global Goals in Africa • Séance
Research Center (APHRC); Shukri Mohamed, African Population and
Health Research Center (APHRC); Hermann Donfuet, African Population plénière: Données pour le développement: la qualité comme
and Health Research Center (APHRC) repère pour réaliser des objectifs mondiaux en Afrique

67 Integrating Population Health and Environment in Kenya for Chair / Président(e) : Jacques B. O. Emina, University of Kinshasa
Sustainable Development • Jane Wanjaria*, Demographer; Irene
Muhunzu, Natioanl Council for Population and Development 1 Karen Rono-Bett*, Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
Data
68 The Effect of Antimalarial Campaigns on Child Mortality and
Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa • Joshua K Wilde*, Max Planck 2 Oliver Chinganya*, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa
Institute for Demographic Research; Benedicte Apouey, Paris School of
Economics - CNRS; Gabriel Picone, University of South Florida; Joseph 3 Stefano Iacus*, JRC
Coleman, University of South Florida

69 Evolution et Analyse des déterminants sociologiques de la Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre


privation nutritionnelle chez les enfants de moins de 5 ans en Côte 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
d’Ivoire. • Sasso Sidonie Calice Yapi*, Université Virtuelle de Côte
d'Ivoire; Elise Kacou, IDUP et Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et Theatre Hall - Ground Floor
d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA); Lazare Sika, Ecole Nationale Supérieure
de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA)
136 Side Meeting: Youth and Sexual and Reproductive
70 Evolution des inégalités sociodémographiques dans l’utilisation Health Interventions • Réunion parallèle: Interventions
des méthodes contraceptives réversibles de longue durée au Burkina auprès des jeunes et de la santé sexuelle et reproductive
Faso entre 2010-2015 • Lonkila Moussa Zan*, IDESO/Université de
Genève Chair / Président(e) : Trish Kaseke, HIVOS

71 Peri-Urban Populations’ Dynamics and Territorialisation of


Responsive Actions against Food Insecurity in Cameroon • Miléva

83
1 Evaluating Young Peoples Use of Technology in Zimbabwe; An 2 Economic conditions, employment and urban fertility in Sub-
Opportunity for Increasing Uptake and Access to Sexual Reproductive Saharan Africa: An event history analysis of parity progression to third
Health Services • Buhlebenkosi Mlupi*, BRTI; Caroline Masuku, BRTI; and to four birth among men and women at Accra, Dakar and
Nonhlanhla Sibanda, BRTI; Sezile Mloyi, BRTI; Chido Dziva Chikwari, . Kinshasa • Felly Kinziunga*, Université Catholique de Louvain

2 Supporting Period Positive Interventions: A Menstrual Health 3 Male Contraceptive Use and Patterns in Southern Africa • Karabo
Management (MHM) Research Project • Rozinah Chuchu*, BRTI; E. Mhele*, North-West University, South Africa
Yvonne Kaseke, BRTI; Maria Tapfuma, BRTI; Tendai Losi, .; Mandi
Tembo, LSHTM/BRTI 4 Determinants of Male Fertility in Uganda • Henry Nsobya*,
Makerere University; Elizabeth Nansubuga, Makerere Unviersity;
3 An assessment of the factors that prohibit access and utilization of Cyprian Misinde, Makerere University
youth friendly Sexual Reproductive Health (SRH) information and
services among young people with disabilities Mutare • Munashe
Matombo*, Restless Development; Anyway Mugobiwa, Restless
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
Development; Tinotenda Makora, Restless Development; Vanessa Toro, 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Restless Development; Talent Makate, Restless Development; Shalom
Maguwa, Restless Development Elgon Hall - Ground Floor
4 SRHR Needs of Undocumented Youth Migrants in Selected Cities
138 Family Planning in Africa: How to Better Serve
• Sandile Simelane*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Specific under-Served Population Groups? • Planification
familiale en Afrique: comment mieux servir certains
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
groupes de population sous-desservis?
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
Chair / Président(e) : Guiella Georges, Institut Superieur des Sciences de la
Kama Hall - First Floor Population (ISSP) and Université de Ouagadougou

137 Men’s Sexual and Reproductive Health • Santé 1 Why Are Grand Multiparous Women in Niger Not Using Modern
sexuelle et reproductive des hommes Contraceptive? An Analysis of Demographic and Health Survey Data.
• Oluwatobi Alawode*, Obafemi Awolowo University; Chima Victor,
Obafemi Awolowo University; Abayomi Awoleye, Obafemi Awolowo
Chair / Président(e) : Olukunle Omotoso, CCP-The Challenge Initiative University
Discussant / Discutant : Mojisola Odeku, Johns Hopkins Center for
Communication Programs
2 Contraceptive Use, Prevalence, and Predictors of Pregnancy
Planning among Female Sex Workers in Uganda: A Cross-Sectional
1 Nigerian Men and Modern Contraceptives: Who Are the Non- Study • Justine Bukenya*, Makerere University; Rhoda Wanyenze,
Users and What Are Their Perceptions about Family Planning? • Makerere University; Geraldine Barrett, Institute for Women’s Health,
Joshua O. Akinyemi*, University of Ibadan; Olatunji Alabi, Federal University College London, UK; Hall Hall, Institute for Women’s Health,
University, Birnin Kebbi; Ayo Adebowale, University of Ibadan

84
University College London; Frederick Makumbi, Makerere University; 3 Nutrition Transition, Infant and Young Child Complementary
David Guwatudde, Makerere University Feeding Practices and under-Five Nutrition in Urban Households of
Aba, Southeast Nigeria • Vitalis Ukoji*, Department of Sociology,
3 Trends and Determinants of Contraceptive Method Choice among Nigeria Police Academy, Kano
Women Aged 15-24 in Kenya • Wambui Kungu*, National Council for
Population and Development; Alfred Otieno Agwanda, University of 4 Dymanics of Inequality in Child Undernutrition in Ethiopia •
Nairobi; Anne Khasakhala, University of Nairobi Mengesha Yayo Negasi*, AddisAbaba Science and Technology University

4 Assessing (in) Equalities in Contraceptives Use and Family Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
Planning Demand Satisfied with Modern Contraceptives in Kenya.
Have Socioeconomic Disparities Narrowed? • Michael Waithaka*, 9:00 AM - 10:30 AM
International Centre for Reproductive Health; Peter Gichangi,
International Center for Reproductive Health, Kenya; Thiongo Mary, Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor
International Centre for Reproductive Health; Alfred T. Otieno, University
of Nairobi
140 Understand Changing Patterns of Unions, Families,
Households: Factors and Consequences on Child and
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre Elders • Comprendre l'évolution des unions, des familles et
9:00 AM - 10:30 AM des ménages : facteurs et conséquences sur les jeunes et les
personnes âgées.
Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
Chair / Président(e) : Bilampoa Gnoumou Thiombiano, Université de
139 Under-Five Nutrition in Africa: Dual Burden of under Ouagadougou
and Overnutrition • La nutrition des moins de cinq ans en Discussant / Discutant : Valerie Golaz, INED
Afrique : le double fardeau de la sous-nutrition et de la
1 Composition familiale et mortalité des enfants en Afrique de
surnutrition l’Ouest : Aperçus sur les observatoires de Population de Ouagadougou
et de Nanoro, Burkina Faso • Yacouba Y. C. Compaoré*, Université
Chair / Président(e) : Elizabeth W. Kimani-Murage, African Population Catholique de Louvain (UCLouvain); Philippe Bocquier, Université
and Health Research Center (APHRC) Catholique de Louvain; Abdramane Soura, Université de Ouagadougou;
Discussant / Discutant : Sangeetha Madhavan, University of Maryland, Karim Derra, Demographer, PhD Student
College Park
2 Investigating under-Five Mortality in Non-Orphaned Kinship Care
1 Stepfamily Arrangement and Child Well-Being in South Africa: A in South Africa: Does Type of Kin Caregiver Matter? • Khuthala
Longitudinal Perspective • Flint Chenjera* Mabetha*; Nicole De Wet - Billings, University of the Witwatersrand;
Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand
2 Déterminants du double fardeau nutritionnel surpoids/obésité de la
mère et retard de croissance de l’enfant en Afrique sub-saharienne • 3 Child Fostering & Ideal Family Size: Evidence from Uganda •
Bernard Dembele*, INSD Cassandra Cotton*, Arizona State University

85
4 Transitions of Family System and Externalization of Women’s 4 Fertility Intentions among HIV-Positive and HIV-Negative
Roles in Sub-Sahara Africa: A Case Study of Rwanda • Yuka Mothers: Evidence from DHS 2013-14 Zambia • Million Phiri*,
Shimamura*, The University of Tokyo; Hirotaka Matsuda, Tokyo University of Zambia; David Mulemena, Student; Namuunda Mutombo,
University of Agriculture; Theogene Abaho, None Lecturer

Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre


11:00 AM - 12:30 PM 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM

Ziba Hall - First Floor Theatre Hall - Ground Floor

141 Sexually Transmitted Infections, HIV, Reproductive 142 Long-Term Care and Wellbeing in Later Life: The
Health and Fertility • Les infections sexuellement Role of Self Agency, and Formal and Informal Systems •
transmissibles (IST), VIH, santé génésique et fécondité Soins de longue durée et bien-être à un âge avancé: le rôle
de la capacité personnelle à agir et des systèmes formels et
Chair / Président(e) : Latifat Ibisomi, Wits University informels
Discussant / Discutant : Joshua O. Akinyemi, University of Ibadan
Chair / Président(e) : Gloria Chepngeno-Langat, University of
1 Sexual health needs of female sex workers reached by two NGOs in Southampton
Côte d’Ivoire: considerations for the future implementation of PrEP •
Valentine Becquet*, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED) - 1 Vieillissement et représentation de la maison de retraite en Afrique
Ceped; Marcellin Nouaman, PACCI; Mélanie Plazy, ISPED (Inserm - du Nord : le cas de la Tunisie • Sofiane Bouhdiba*, Université de Tunis
Université de Bordeaux); Jean-Marie Masumbuko, PACCI; Camille
Anoma, Espace Confiance; Soh Kouamé, Aprosam; Christine Danel,
PACCI; Serge Eholié, PACCI; Joseph Larmarange, Centre Francais sur 2 Family Caregiving to the Elderly: Positive Experiences of
la Population et le Developpement (CEPED) Caregivers in Two Urban Poor Communities in Accra, Ghana • Frank
Kyei-Arthur*, Regional Institue for Population Studies, University of
Ghana.; Samuel Codjoe, University of Ghana; Delali Badasu, Regional
2 Correlates of Self-Reported Sexually Transmitted Infections among Institute for Population Studies; Deborah Atobrah, Institute of African
Older Persons in Rural Uganda: A Cross-Sectional Survey • Peter Studies, University of Ghana
Kisaakye*, Makerere University; Stephen Ojiambo Wandera, Makerere
University; Ronald Naitala, Baylor College of Medicine, Children’s
Foundation; Betty Kwagala, Makerere University 3 Intergenerational Cultural Programs for Older People in Long-
Term Care Institutions: East Africa Case • Enos Omondi*, HelpAge
International; Roseline Kihumba, HelpAge International; Prafulla
3 Family Formation among South African Youth: The Role of HIV Mishra, HelpAge International; Emily Kemigisha, HelpAge International
and Other Contextual Factors. • Paballo Mataboge*, University of the
Witwatersrand; Sasha Frade, University of the Witwatersrand
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM

86
Kama Hall - First Floor Elgon Hall - Ground Floor

143 Computational Approach (Social Media, Big Data…) 144 The Use of Demographic Intelligence to Influence
To Population Studies In sub - Saharan Africa • Approche Development Policies • L'utilisation de l'intelligence
informatique (médias sociaux, données volumineuses, etc.) démographique pour influencer les politiques de
des études démographiques en Afrique subsaharienne développement

Chair / Président(e) : Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du Québec à Chair / Président(e) : Frederik Owayo, UNFPA
Montréal
Discussant / Discutant : Stephane Helleringer, Johns Hopkins University 1 National Transfer and Demographic Dividend: Application in West
and Central Africa • Latif Dramani*, CREG-CREFAT; Edouard
1 Women Empowerment and Gender Based-Violence in Sub- Talnan, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Saharan Africa: A Comparison between Scientific Research and Social
Views from Twitter • Robert Djogbenou*, Université de Montréal; 2 Demographic Dividend Monitoring in West and Central Africa •
Judith Donang, University of Cape Town; Aristide Romaric Bado, Edem Akpo*, CREG-CREFAT
Department of Statistics and Population Studies, Faculty of Science,
University of Western Cape, 3 Continuous Demographic and Health Survey in Senegal • Papa
Madiop Diop*, Chargé de programme en population et dveloppement
2 Sujet : Controverses vaccinales et réseaux militants : logiques bureau UNFPA Sénégal
d’interactions entre anti-vaccins et pro-vaccins sur twitter • Dagnon
Sourou Bruno Eric Koba*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche 4 Generation of subnational SDGs indicators; Use of Small Area
Démographiques (IFORD)
Estimation • Mathias Kuepie*, UNFPA

3 Comparing Decision Trees and Logistic Regression in Predicting


HIV among Women in South Africa • Pelumi Oladokun*, University of Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
the Witwatersrand 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
4 Using Machine Learning Algorithms for Identifying Mothers Who Kidepo Hall - Ground Floor
May Mutilate Their Daughters • Emmanuel Olamijuwon*, University
of Eswatini; Olaide Ojoniyi, University of the Witwatersrand; Jeremiah
Olamijuwon, University of the Witwatersrand; Sidumo Masango, 145 Disabled People with Regard to HIV / AIDS and
University of Eswatini; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Other Risks in Sexual and Reproductive Health in Africa •
Witwatersrand Les personnes handicapées face au VIH / SIDA et autres
risques en matière de santé sexuelle et reproductive en
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre Afrique
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM

87
Chair / Président(e) : Gervais Beninguisse, Institut de Formation et de 2 The Influence of Perceptions of Friends and Peers Contraceptive
Recherche Démographiques (IFORD) Use on Modern Contraceptive Use and Method Choice among Male
and Female Adolescents and Youth in Kenya • Lisa M. Calhoun*,
1 Handicap et violence sexuelle chez les personnes handicapées à University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Anastasia Mirzoyants, Well
Bujumbura : Une analyse sociodémographique des facteurs Told Story; Sylvia Thuku, Well Told Story; Courtney McGuire,
d’exposition au risque et des conséquences sur la santé sexuelle et University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Bernard Onyango, African
reproductive des victimes. • Lilie Carolle Dongmo Temgoua*, Institut Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP); Ilene S. Speizer, University of
de Formation en Recherche Démographique; Gervais Beninguisse, Institut North Carolina at Chapel Hill
de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD); Pierre de
Beaudrap, Centre Francais sur la Population et le Developpement 3 Influence of Baylor Uganda Program and Activities on Improving
(CEPED); Marie Thérèse Mengue, Université Catholique d'Afrique Access to Family Planning Services in Kamwenge District. • Hosea
Centrale Opedes, Makerere University; Fredrick Tumwine*, Makerere University

2 La vulnérabilité sexuelle des femmes handicapées : une analyse à 4 The Effects of a PPIUD Intervention on Family Planning
partir de trajectoires biographiques des femmes en incapacité motrice Counseling Quality: Results from Stepped-Wedge Randomized
• Monique Amor Ndjabo*, Université Catholique d Afrique Centrale Controlled Trial • Leigh G. Senderowicz*, Harvard University; Erin
Pearson, Ipas; Joel Francis, University of the Witwatersrand
3 Handicap et vulnérabilités sexuelles à Yaoundé : niveau et facteurs
de risque associés aux violences sexuelles • Charles Mouté*, Centre Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
population et développement (Ceped), UMR 196, IRD, Paris Descartes
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre Princess Hall - First Floor
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
147 Health Systems and Maternal, Newborn and Child
Kyoga Hall - Ground Floor Health • Les systèmes de santé et la santé maternelle, du
nouveau-né et de l’enfant
146 Emerging Evidence for Improved Family Planning
Outcomes • Nouvelles preuves pour l'amélioration des Chair / Président(e) : Ayaga Bawah, Regional Institute for Population
résultats de la planification familiale Studies

Chair / Président(e) : Ndola Prata, University of California, Berkeley 1 Patterns of Healthcare Utilization and Barriers to Child Healthcare
Discussant / Discutant : Funmilola OlaOlorun, University of Ibadan Services in Low-Income Urban South African Settings • Sunday
Adedini*, University of the Witwatersrand; Matshidiso Sello, University of
1 Strategies for Accelerating Family Planning Progress: Are There Witwatersrand; Dineo Thaele, University of the Witwatersrand
Lessons That Nigeria Could Learn from Malawi? • Jacob Adetunji*,
U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) 2 Estimation of Preterm Birth Rates, Associated Factors and Child
Survival in South Africa • Aditi Chaudhary*; Ajit Jaiswal

88
3 Facteurs de la couverture vaccinale complète des enfants de 12 à 23 Executive Room - Ground Floor
mois au Burkina Faso : une analyse de décomposition. • Souleymane
Sanogo*, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population; Bassiahi
Abdramane Soura, Université de Ouagadougou
149 Household Resources- Generation, Intra-Household
Resource Allocation and Flow Patterns • Ressources des
ménages - production, allocation des ressources au sein du
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
ménage et schémas de flux
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Chair / Président(e) : Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene, Université de Kinshasa
Bwindi Hall - Ground Floor and Statistics Canada
Discussant / Discutant : Blessing Mberu, African Population and Health
148 Documented and Undocumented Labour Migration • Research Center (APHRC)
Discussant / Discutant : Joyce N. Mumah, IPPF
Migration de main-d’œuvre avec ou sans-papiers Discussant / Discutant : Estelle Monique Sidze, African Population and
Health Research Center (APHRC)
Chair / Président(e) : Alfred T. Otieno, University of Nairobi
Discussant / Discutant : Eliya M. Zulu, African Institute for Development
1 (When) Are Grandfathers Beneficial for Children’s Schooling in
Policy (AFIDEP)
Sub-Saharan Africa? • Sandor Schrijner*, Radboud Universiteit
Nijmegen; Jeroen Smits, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen
1 Immigration internationale de la main d’œuvre africaine au Gabon
• Lionnel Bouassa*, Direction Générale de la Statistique
2 Implications of Child Labour Earnings for Household Well-Being
in Cameroon • Fabien Sundjo*, University of Buea
2 Labour Market Outcomes of Migrant Populations in South Africa,
2012 and 2017 • Princelle Dasappa-Venketsamy*, Statistics South Africa
3 The Effects of Change Agents on Rural Household Economy in
Ikwo Local Government Area (LGA) of Ebonyi State, Nigeria •
3 Déscolarisation et travail des enfants des migrants sans papier à Chinyere C. P. Nnorom*, University of Lagos; Emmanuel Eyisi, Alex
Bodouyo et Ziouayo (Côte d’Ivoire) • Gogui Albert Digbo*, Université Ekwueme Federal University Ndufu Alike; Ethelbert Okoronkwo, Federal
Jean Lorougnon Guédé University Ndufu, Ebonyi State; Oko Enworo, Alex Ekwueme Federal
University Ndufu Alike
4 Assessing the Motivations for Migration among West African
Immigrants in Itinerant Retail Trading in Ghana • Elijah Yendaw*, 4 Factors Determining Sources of Cooking Energy among Rural
University for Development Studies (UDS); Frank Mawutor Borbor, Women in Ondo State, Nigeria. • Gabriel Owagbemi*, Adekunle Ajasin
Family Health International 360 (FHI); Kwadwo Asante-Afari, Health University
Promotion, Ghana Health Service; Bismark Nantomah, Nalerigu Senior
High School
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre 11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
11:00 AM - 12:30 PM
Kuku Hall - First Floor

89
150 Delving into the Education Dividend: Evidence-
Informed Policy Making for Human Capital Development Friday, November 22 / Vendredi, 22 Novembre
In Africa • Le dividende relatif à l'éducation : Élaboration 1:00 PM - 2:00 PM
de politiques fondées sur des données probantes pour le
développement du capital humain en Afrique Closing Ceremony • Cérémonie de clôture
Kabalega Gardens - Gardens
Chair / Président(e) : Steve Sharra, African Institute for Development
Policy (AFIDEP) · Declaration of Entebbe
Discussant / Discutant : Ousmane Faye, African Influence Institute (AFRII) · Outgoing UAPS President
· Incoming UAPS President
1 Impact des milieux familial, social et scolaire sur la réussite des Hivos Fund
élèves du primaire: Cas de la Côte d`Ivoire. • Euphrasie Joviale · National Population Council / Representative of government / Other
Guitey*, Université Alassane Ouattara de Bouake

2 Demographics of African Faculty: A Pioneering Pilot in Ghana • Saturday, November 23 / Samedi, 23 Novembre
Marlene A. Lee*, Population Reference Bureau; Toshiko Kaneda, 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Population Reference Bureau (PRB); Christine Power, Population
Reference Bureau; Jonathan Mba, Association of African Universities;
Samuel Agyapong, Association of African Universities Theatre Hall - Ground Floor

3 Quelle gouvernance favorise la formation du capital humain en 151 Workshop on Manuscript Development Day 1 •
Afrique ? Une analyse à partir du cas de l'éducation • Idrissa Atelier sur le développement des articles scientifiques,
Ouedraogo*, Institut de Gouvernance, des Sciences Humaines et Sociales première journée
de l'Université Panafricaine-Commission de l'Union africaine; Henri Ngoa
Tabi, Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion, Université de
Chair / Président(e) : Miriam King, University of Minnesota
Yaoundé II; Henri Atangana Ondoa, Faculté des Sciences Economiques et
de Gestion, Université de Yaoundé II
Sunday, November 24 / Dimanche, 24 Novembre
9:00 AM - 4:00 PM

Theatre Hall - Ground Floor

152 Workshop on Manuscript Development Day 2 •


Atelier sur le développement des articles scientifiques,
deuxième journée

90
Chair / Président(e) : Miriam King, University of Minnesota women involved in Bizi and prostitutes in brothels, this paper aims to
document the modus operandi of this practice, and how it can lead to an
‘’invisibility’’ of this population. The results show that beyond sex and its
8th APC Scientific Program remuneration, the Bizi involves a game of seduction in which young women
Program Abstracts embrace love and gender codes to succeed or find a husband. This
mechanism wraps the Bizi in a socially acceptable layer, justifying that it is
not considered as prostitution and that it is "hidden" for interventions
seeking prostitutes
Programme scientifique de la CPA 2019 Ramatou Ouedraogo*, African Population and Health Research Center
(APHRC)

6. Pratique sexuelle chez les hommes qui ont des rapports sexuels avec 6. HIV Knowledge, Attitudes and Risk Practices & Behavior of Sexual
des hommes en Côte d’Ivoire : la bisexualité Minorities in Botswana
Peu de données existent en Côte-d’Ivoire sur les hommes qui ont des Data derived from the 2013 Sexual Minorities Study in Botswana are used
rapports sexuels avec des hommes surtout lorsque ces derniers ne sont pas explore the sexual and HIV risk knowledge, attitudes and practices of
des professionnels du sexe. Quoique le taux de prévalence du VIH/sida soit sexual minorities in Botswana. The survey covered 189 MSM and 193
relativement important dans le pays, il l’est davantage dans ces populations WSW between 17 and 43 years of age. Data are analyzed in SPSS, using
clés. En effet, les HSH constituent un groupe critique dans la dynamique de uni-variate and bi-variate techniques and descriptive statistics. The results
la transmission du VIH/Sida. Mais face à la discrimination et à la show that 83.9% of males & 88.1% of females had tested for HIV at least
stigmatisation dont ils sont victimes, dans de nombreux pays africains, ils once before. Of these, close to two thirds of males (66.3%) had undergone
développent des stratégies d’acteurs pour assurer leur « survie ». Pour HIV tested during the year leading to the survey compared to less than half
dissimuler leur orientation sexuelle souvent facteur de forte culpabilité voire (43%) of females. The results of this research and analysis are meant to
de rejet vis-à-vis de la famille, ces derniers, ont également des partenaires encourage and facilitate the debate on the existence of sexual minorities and
sexuels féminins ou s’engagent dans des unions hétérosexuelles. Cette their potential role in the transmission and prevention of HIV infection
bisexualité est l’un des facteurs qui les exposent au risque de contracter Serai Daniel Rakgoasi*, University of Botswana; Nnunu G. Tsheko,
et/ou de transmettre le VIH/Sida. University of Botswana; Gloria Jacques, University of Botswana
Elise Kacou*, IDUP et Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et
d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA); Lazare Sika, Ecole Nationale Supérieure 6. Assessing Access to Comprehensive HIV Treatment Services for Men
de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA); Sasso Sidonie Calice Who Have Sex with Men and Female Sex Workers in the Bamenda
Yapi, Université Virtuelle de Côte d'Ivoire Health District
The main objective of this research was to investigate the determinants of
6. Hidden Prostitution? Understanding “Bizi” within the access to HIV treatment for Female Sex Workers and Men Having sex with
Contemporary Transactional Sex and HIV Prevention Programs in Men in the Bamenda Health district. Specifically, the study aimed at
Cote d’Ivoire investigating the drivers of non-accessibility to HIV treatment services for
Cote d’Ivoire is experiencing new forms of transactional sex labeled Bizi. Men having sex with Men and Female sex workers and also to scrutinize
While the channels established by HIV response mechanism refers to them the drivers of non-accessibility to HIV treatment services for Men having
as "PS" (sex professional), students, waitresses, salesgirls... who "manage sex with Men and Female sex workers in the Bamenda Health district. To
Bizi" do not identify themselves as such, and are therefore considered as assess treatment access, 20 and 25 questionnaires were administered to HIV
‘’hidden’’ prostitutes and a hard-to-reach population for HIV programs. positive FSW and MSM respectively. Data was analyzed using descriptive
Drawn from observations and interviews conducted in Abidjan with young statistics, Chi-square, Bivariate and Multivariate regressions. The

91
descriptive analysis showed that 44.0% and 65% of MSM and FSW 63 ans à Médina Gounass à 77 ans dans la commune de ‘Point E/Amitié’.
respectively have access to HIV treatment services. En outre, l’espérance de vie s’élève à mesure la densité de la population
Fabien Sundjo*, University of Buea; Pamella Fokam Ijang, Technical diminue.
Coordinator/DIC Manager, Cameroon Medical Women Association Atoumane Fall*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Bruno Masquelier,
Bamenda Université Catholique de Louvain

7. Inégalités face au risque de décès maternel au Sénégal : une analyse 7. Spatial and Temporal Distribution of Urinary Schistosomiasis in
des données de recensement Nigeria
La grande majorité des décès maternels peuvent être évités grâce à un suivi Urinary schistosomiasis is one of the prevalent Neglected Tropical Diseases
régulier des grossesses lors de visites prénatales, à une assistance à in Nigeria and empirical evidence on the distribution of the disease is
l’accouchement par du personnel de santé qualifié, et à des interventions limited. This study therefore examined the spatial and temporal pattern of
permettant de rencontrer les besoins de planification familiale. La mortalité urinary schistosomiasis in Nigeria. Case registry data on schistosomiasis
maternelle est donc un bon baromètre à la fois de la condition féminine et were collected from National Bureau of Statistics for Twenty-four years.
du niveau de développement sanitaire des pays. Elle occupe logiquement The map of Nigeria was produced in ArcGIS using the data of the reported
une place centrale dans les agendas de développement, tels que les Objectifs cases for each state. Schistosomiasis prevalence from 1981 to 2004 showed
de Développement Durable. Il s’agit également d’un des indicateurs de that 499,143 cases were reported. The highest prevalence was in 1983
santé qui traduit le mieux les profondes inégalités face au décès qui (41,889 cases), while the lowest was recorded in 2004 (4, 282 cases), which
subsistent entre régions du monde et entre pays (Tabutin et Masquelier, is 89.8 per cent decrease. The northeastern region had the highest
2017). Selon l’Unicef, 1 000 femmes environ meurent chaque jour dans le prevalence, followed by the northwestern and north-central zones. The
monde de causes liées à la grossesse et à l’accouchement et 99% de tous les regions with the lowest reported cases of schistosomiasis were southwest,
décès maternels surviennent dans des pays en voie de développement south-south and southeast. The study concludes that ongoing interventions
(Unicef, 2004). are yielding results in lessening the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis.
Momath Cisse*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie Uguru Ibor*, Federal University Lokoja
(ANSD); Mamadou Amouzou, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la
Démographie (ANSD); Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de 7. Disparités régionales de la morbidité palustre des enfants de moins
Louvain de cinq ans au Burkina Faso
Les enfants sont les plus affectés par le paludisme qui demeure un problème
7. Inégalités spatiales face au décès à Dakar : une analyse des données majeur de santé publique au Burkina Faso. Bien que la prévalence du
du recensement de 2013 paludisme chez les enfants soit en baisse, les disparités observées entre les
Cette étude vise à explorer les inégalités spatiales de mortalité à Dakar régions du pays persistent. L’étude utilise les données de l’enquête sur les
(50% de la population urbaine sénégalaise). En raison de disparités d’accès indicateurs du paludisme réalisée au Burkina Faso en 2014 pour analyser les
aux soins, d’équipement et d’assainissement, de profondes inégalités face disparités régionales du risque de morbidité palustre des enfants. Les
au décès subsistent dans cette agglomération. Le recensement de 2013 sert analyses multivariées montrent que la région de résidence a une influence
de base à l’analyse. Les questions sur les décès des 12 derniers mois permet directe sur l’état de morbidité palustre des enfants. Ce qui rappelle
de calculer directement des tables de mortalité et les espérances de vie par l’importance des conditions environnementales dans la transmission du
commune d’arrondissement. Une analyse des résultats obtenus montre paludisme. Le contrôle de l’effet de la région de résidence par le milieu de
l’existence d’une zone de surmortalité dans le département de Guédiawaye, résidence réduit le plus les écarts de risque entre les régions. Les résultats
tandis qu'à Dakar ville, les populations bénéficient de niveaux de santé bien de l’étude interpellent sur la nécessité de renforcer la lutte contre le
plus enviables. Ainsi, les espérances de vie à la naissance (obtenues sans paludisme en milieu rural.
ajustement pour la sous-déclaration des décès) varient chez les hommes de

92
Sidbewendé Théodore Kabore*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche fertility declines and rising life expectancy. This points to far reaching
Démographiques (IFORD) sociopolitical and economic consequences. As such, this paper seek to
provide support policy framework to address the challenges. Data sourced
8. Negotiating Evidence-Informed Decision Making from UN-SDGs especially Global level: 17 Goal,169 targets and 232
Evidence-informed decision making (EIDM) has become a mantra in indicators; Regional level: 7 aspirations, 18 goals, 44 priority areas and 174
population and development activities. Donors, scientists, and program targets; National level: Nigerian Vision 2030. Result indicates that the
implementers seem to agree on the need to use evidence in decision- elderly, the poor, the disabled, women and rural dwellers are key to the
making. Do they however agree on what constitutes evidence, what attainment of SDGs. A workable link across national, regional and global
evidence is most appropriate, and how to demonstrate use of evidence? indicators with different monitoring tools amidst limited resources are
Further, is ensuring access to evidence and individual capacity to encouraged. Key words: Population Aging; Sustainable Development
understand emerging research and program evaluation results sufficient to Goals; Fertility declines; Life expectancy
facilitate the appropriate use of evidence in complex decision-making Elias O. Wahab*, Lagos State University
environments? More specifically, when the decisions that need to be made
involve political considerations, what are the best strategies for appropriate 9. Déficit du cycle de vie et capture du dividende démographique en
use of evidence? Our panelists bridge the worlds of technical expertise and Afrique Subsaharienne : Nécessité d’une autonomisation des femmes
planning and policy making. They will share their experience in identifying sénégalaises
and using or promoting the use of appropriate evidence in decision making Ce papier vise à analyser la capture du dividende démographique avec
and reflect on successful and unsuccessful strategies. comme focus le déficit du cycle de vie au Sénégal y intégrant l’approche
Marlene A. Lee*, Population Reference Bureau genre. Pour ce faire, la méthodologie de l’indice genre du dividende
démographique a été utilisée. Cette méthodologie est principalement
9. Aging in Africa: Past Trends and Future Implications dérivée de celle du Demographic Dividend Monitoring Index (DDMI)
In the second half of the twentieth century, many countries underwent a développé par le CREG. Les résultats montrent que, alors que le Sénégal
shift from high fertility and short life expectancy to much smaller families n’exploite pas encore son potentiel du DD, la contribution des hommes fait
and longer survival. These changes lead directly to population aging. In the deux fois celle des femmes. De plus, les femmes sénégalaises sont
short run, the transition is producing a “demographic dividend” as the économiquement déficitaires sur tout leur cycle de vie contrairement aux
relative number of dependent children declines. This period will be brief; as hommes qui dégagent des surplus économiques à des tranches d’âge
twentieth-century birth cohorts enter old age, the expanding older données. En termes d’implications de politiques économiques, ce papier
dependent population will increasingly strain social resources. This paper appelle les autorités à investir davantage dans l’autonomisation des femmes
describes changes in population aging at sub-national levels among et des filles. Ceci est très essentiel dans l’amélioration du processus de
countries in Africa using census samples available through IPUMS. capture du dividende démographique au Sénégal.
Growing inequality within and between countries and regions has left many Lesfran Sam Wanilo Agbahoungba, LAREG (Université de Parakou) &
behind, and the aging population is especially vulnerable. We intend this CREG (Sénégal); Latif Dramani*, CREG-CREFAT; Edem Akpo, CREG-
descriptive paper as a catalyst to further study and collaboration of the CREFAT
social and policy implications of aging populations.
Lara Cleveland*, University of Minnesota; Matthew Sobek, University of 9. Female Labor Force Participation and Demographic Dividend in
Minnesota; Steven Ruggles, University of Minnesota Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons from Asia and Latin America
It is clear that achieving economic development with large number of well-
9. Population Aging: Challenges before the Sustainable Development educated young work force will be derived from the demographic dividend.
Goals(SDGs) In the era of SDGs where the Goal 8, “Decent Work for All” is brought to
Population aging affect significantly the structure of the population due to the front line of development and in the current context of sub-Saharan

93
Africa with increasing promotion of female autonomy and their paper applies the proximate determinants model and uses data from the
empowerment, female labor force participation will be an important element Ghana Demographic and Health Survey, 1988-2014 to explain stalling
to facilitate social change including the acceleration of fertility transition. fertility. RESULTS: The fertility inhibiting effect of marriage increased
How about the demand side of the labor? Majority of young people between in 1988-2014. Also, the fertility inhibiting effect of contraception
including women are in informal sector or underemployed in reality. This is observed. However, postpartum insusceptibility shows a fertility
paper will examine the lessons from Asia and Latin America in terms of job enhancing effect between 1988 and 2014. CONCLUSION: The stall in TFR
creation for women in their demographic transitions and demographic since 1998 is largely due to the fertility increasing effect of a reduced
dividend experiences. Africa is rich in its natural resources and becoming duration of postpartum infecundability, which has offset the combined
rich in human capital especially for women with increasing quality of inhibiting effects of contraception, induced abortion, and marriage.
education and health. Augustine Jongtey*, National Population Council
Keita Ohashi*, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Reiko
Hayashi, National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, 11. Transition de la fécondité à Dakar, Nairobi et Ouagadougou depuis
Japan les années 1970 : une baisse identique à tous les âges ?
Alors que certains chercheurs s'attendent à une transition de fécondité de
11. Reprise de la fécondité et progression vers une troisième naissance l’Afrique similaire aux régions ayant achevé la leur grâce à la limitation,
en Egypte et en Algérie. d'autres estiment que les transitions africaines seront différentes. Cet article
L’augmentation inhabituelle de la fécondité vécue en Egypte depuis 2008 et se place dans ce débat : il vise à tester la prédiction de Caldwell selon
en Algérie depuis 2002 a contredit la théorie de la transition démographique laquelle la fécondité en Afrique va baisser de manière similaire à tous les
et les précédentes prophéties de certains chercheurs. Avec un ISF d’environ âges grâce aux contraceptifs modernes. Nous examinons le cas de Dakar,
trois enfants par femme, la progression de la deuxième à la troisième Ouagadougou et Nairobi, trois capitales actuelles de « basse » fécondité
naissance constitue pour les deux pays, une décision cruciale en matière de (environ trois enfants par femme en 2010-15), en utilisant les diverses
reproduction. L’étude vise à analyser les principaux déterminants de données disponibles pour ces villes depuis le début des années 1970.
l’intensité de la troisième naissance des mères égyptiennes et algériennes à L'hypothèse de Caldwell et al. selon laquelle les transitions de la fécondité
deux enfants, en appliquant une analyse chronologique aux données des africaine sont caractérisées par des réductions similaires à tous les âges est
récentes enquêtes démographiques menées dans les deux pays au début du confirmée pour ces trois villes; cependant la contraception n’a été la
troisième millénaire. Avant de procéder au calcul des probabilités principale stratégie mise en œuvre à tout âge qu’à Nairobi.
d’agrandissement des familles et des intervalles inter-génésiques moyens on Roch Millogo*, Université de Genève; Clementine Rossier, Université de
tentera d’abord d’identifier les différentes sources de changement qui ont Genève
conduit à l’augmentation des niveaux de fécondité et de déterminer les
variables intermédiaires ayant eu un impact sur la reprise de la fécondité. 11. Fertility stalls in capital cities in sub-saharan Africa
Mohammed Bedrouni*, Laboratoire des Eudes de la Population, de la In this paper, we focus on fertility trends in capital cities in sub-Saharan
Santé et du Développement Durable en Algérie.Université blida 2 Lounici Africa. We first reconstruct fertility trends in African capital cities, in order
Ali; Nacira Chike, Laboratoire des Etudes de la population de la santé et to identify slowdowns in fertility declines. Next, we explore trends in
du développement durable en Algérie. université Blida 2 fertility preferences and proximate determinants to identify the demographic
dynamics of these slowdowns. We show that fertility has stalled in two
11. Stalled Total Fertility Rate in Ghana: Does the Proximate thirds of capital cities, often at levels well above 3 children. These stalls
Determinants Model Offer Any Answers? have been around for roughly 15-20 years, and they result partly from a
INTRODUCTION: Fertility is declining slowly and has stalled in some high demand for children that has not changed in recent years. And while
previously high fertility countries. Fertility stalling lasts only a few years contraception has increased, it has remained fairly low and its increase has
but remained around 4 since 1998 in Ghana. DATA AND METHODS: The been offset by changes in sexual exposure and postpartum infecundability.

94
These trends suggest fertility changes in urban areas in the coming years engaging partners is critical to meeting women’s needs.
will be limited. Linnea Zimmerman*, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health;
Bruno D. Schoumaker*, Université Catholique de Louvain Simon Peter Sebina Kibira, Makerere University School of Public Health;
Caroline Moreau, INSERM/INED and Johns Hopkins School of Public
13. De l’autonomisation de la femme à la pratique contraceptive en Health; Frederick Makumbi, Makerere University
milieu rural nigérien : l’apport d’une approche intégrée au niveau
communautaire 13. Incidence and determinants of discontinuation of Implanon among
Tout dernièrement, Population Service International a mis en œuvre un users: Findings from a Prospective Cohort Study in three Health Zones
paquet intégré et évolutif d’activités visant à améliorer simultanément of Kinshasa
l'autonomisation des femmes et l'accès à la planification familiale dans le Background: This study aimed to identify the characteristics associated with
cadre des jardins gérés par les femmes. Cette étude met en valeur les Implanon continuation use at 24 months. Methodology: We followed a
travaux de recherche effectués par L’Initiative OASIS Niger dans le cadre cohort of 531 acceptors who opted Implanon from November 2016 to
de l’évaluation de ce concept dénommé « Room To Grow ». L’étude porte January 2019. The Cox proportional hazards modeling was used to measure
sur un échantillon de 628 femmes âgées de 15-49 ans réparties entre 20 predictors of discontinuation. Results: An overall incidence rate of 9.06
villages dans trois départements de la région de Zinder. À travers la (95%CI: 9.04-9.08) removals per 1000 p-m zas recorded. Women living
méthode de double différence et des modèles de régression logistique et military barrack (adjusted HR 2.28 (1.36 – 3.81)), women who have less
multinomiaux, ce document examine la validité de l’hypothèse du lien entre than 3 children (adjusted HR 3.64 (2.19 – 6.08)), women who never used
l’autonomisation de la femme et la pratique contraceptive. Si les résultats injectable or implant in the past (adjusted HR 4.49 (1.09 - 18.55)), women
descriptifs sont en faveur de cette hypothèse, seules les analyses who had experienced heavy/prolonged bleeding (adjusted HR 1.96 (1.26 –
multivariées (en cours) permettront de tirer une conclusion plus précise. 3.04)), women with MII score less than 3 (adjusted HR 2.08 (1.32 - 3.28))
Abdoul Moumouni Nouhou*, Université de Genève; Sanoussi Chaibou, had a higher hazard of early Implanon discontinuation. Conclusion: This
Initiative OASIS Niger; Illiassou Chaibou Halidou, Initiative OASIS Niger study reports a strong effect of low-quality family planning counseling on
discontinuation rate over 24 months.
13. New Measures of Family Planning Attitudes and Their Association Pierre Akilimali*, Université de Kinshasa; Philip A. Anglewicz, Tulane
with Use of Modern Contraceptives Using Longitudinal Data from University; Julie Hernandez, Tulane University; Anastasia J. Gage,
Uganda Tulane University SPHTM/GCHB; Patrick Kayembe, Université de
Few large-scale surveys include specific questions about attitudes regarding Kinshasa; Jane Bertrand, Tulane University
family planning (FP), despite evidence that concerns are influential. Six
questions measuring FP attitudes were included in PMA2020 Uganda 14. Long-Term Trends in Seasonality of Mortality in Madagascar: The
Round-6. Bivariate and multivariable multilevel logistic regressions Role of the Epidemiological Transition
modeled the association of individual and community attitudes on modern Based on deaths registers maintained by the Municipal Hygiene Office from
contraceptive use. Agreeing that FP reduces worry about pregnancy Antananarivo, this study assesses seasonal patterns and its changes over the
increased odds of using by 63%, while agreeing that using FP causes period 1976-2015 of all-cause and cause-specific mortality by age groups,
conflict in the family reduced odds by 25% . Agreeing that using using Generalized Additive Mixed regression models. Among children,
contraception affects future fertility and that it is unhealthy to not get a risks of dying were the highest during the hot and rainy season, but the
menstrual cycle were not associated with current use. Future analyses will seasonality in child mortality significantly reduced since the mid-1970s, due
assess how attitudes towards contraception affect uptake and to declines in the burden of infectious diseases and nutritional deficiencies.
discontinuation over one year using longitudinal data. Women may use In adults aged 60 and above, all-cause mortality rates are the highest in the
contraception though they believe there are consequences for health, but dry and cold season, due to peaks in cardiovascular diseases, with little
avoid use if they believe it will cause conflict. Dispelling myths and change over time. Changes in the seasonality within broad categories of

95
causes of death have been modest. To conclude, shifts in disease patterns montrent des quotients de mortalité infanto-juvénile gémellaire qui sont 3
brought by the epidemiological transition, rather than changes in seasonal fois plus élevés que ceux des singletons. Ils montrent aussi une
variations in cause-specific mortality, are the main drivers of trends in the concentration de la surmortalité gémellaire en début de vie. Les résultats
seasonality of all-cause mortality. multivariés montrent que, ceteris-paribus, les jumeaux ont des odds ratios
Benjamin-Samuel Schlüter*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Bruno de mortalité infanto-juvénile qui sont 4 fois plus importants que ceux des
Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain; Jessica Metcalf, Princeton singletons.
University; Anjarasoa Rasoanomenjanahary, Bureau Municipal Adama Ouedraogo*, Institut national d'études démographiques (Ined) &
d'Hygiène de la commune urbaine d'Antananarivo Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne

14. Impact of violent conflicts on children health in Cameroon: A 14. The Crucial Role of Siblings on Child Survival: Evidence from 29
double difference analysis Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems in Sub-Saharan Africa
Violent conflicts may enduring health repercussions, but measuring Understanding the mechanisms that drive child mortality in sub-Saharan
systematically such impacts is empirically tough. Using Multiple Indicator Africa is important for healthcare policies. Maternal factors including birth
Cluster Surveys (MICS) which control for children Health before and after intervals have been identified as key proximate determinants of child
conflicts started , we analyses direct impacts of exposure to ongoing mortality but most research looks at older siblings, and a pre-birth interval
conflicts on children’s under 5 health in Cameroon. Double-difference (pregnancy with a younger sibling) has been neglected. In addition, the
(difference-indifference) method is used to evaluate impact of conflicts on absence of a sibling, due to migration or death, can be detrimental. We use
children health. We use an update version of Raleigh et al. (2010) data base pooled longitudinal data from 29 Health and Demographic Surveillance
to control for events of violent conflicts. We argue that poor child health Systems sites, covering 560,000 children and 40,650 deaths, to disentangle
outcomes in the conflict areas of Cameroon may be due to disruptions to the effects of siblings – their absence by migration or death, and when they
social services and increased food insecurity and which has exacerbated the are present, the birth intervals – on child mortality in sub-Saharan Africa.
already-delicate economic situation. Previous studies: suggest that, if Our results indicate that younger sibling effects are more pronounced than
children found to the strife had not been exposed, their mean weight-for older sibling effects. The period before pregnancy with the younger sibling
height z-score would be 0.49 standard deviations higher (p < 0.001) than it is most favourable for child survival. The pregnancy effect is strongest
is, rising from - 0.74 to - 0.25. when the birth interval is shorter.
Larissa Nawo*, University of Dschang; Heidi Kaila, Cornell University; Philippe Bocquier*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Carren Ginsburg,
Christopher B. Barrett, Cornell University University of the Witwatersrand; Ashira Menashe Oren, Université
Catholique de Louvain; Yacouba Y. C. Compaoré, Université Catholique
14. Surmortalité gémellaire en Afrique Subsaharienne : Niveaux, de Louvain (UCLouvain); Mark Collinson, University of the
variations spatio-temporelles et facteurs explicatifs - Analyses Witwatersrand
d’enquêtes nationales de 42 pays
Les jumeaux ont une surmortalité comparativement aux singletons. Cette 15. « Mieux vaut être orphelin qu’enfant de parents divorcés » :
situation est d’autant plus inquiétante en Afrique Subsaharienne que la Ethnographier la stigmatisation des enfants ''des divorcés'' et ''des
mortalité est déjà à des niveaux élevés. Cet article présente les quotients de séparés'' dans la prise en charge des OEV à Ouagadougou.
mortalité néonatale, post-néonatale, infantile, juvénile et infanto-juvénile en La catégorie d’enfants orphelins considérée systématiquement comme
Afrique Subsaharienne entre 1986 et 2016 en analysant 158 enquêtes vulnérable par les systèmes d’aide internationale, mais aussi par les
nationales de 42 pays. Il décrit les variations spatio-temporelles ainsi que dispositifs institutionnelles nationaux, a accès plus aisément à l’assistance,
comment varie la surmortalité gémellaire de la naissance au 5e anniversaire. que les enfants de parents séparées et divorcés qui peuvent se retrouver dans
Avec 25 enquêtes les plus récentes issues de 25 pays distincts, il analyse les mêmes difficultés, mais en sont exclus, à Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso).
aussi les facteurs associés de la surmortalité gémellaire. Les résultats De plus, ces enfants sont « invisibilisés » dans les catégories d’enfants

96
considérés comme « en danger ». Cette contribution a pour objectif (GEEC) and correlated GEEC with individual’s socio-economic outcomes
d’analyser la façon dont les dispositifs institutionnels, marginalisent à in adulthood. Results show that 31% in Kenya and 48% in Nigeria
travers des ciblages démesurés, des enfants en difficulté. A travers une cohabited early. Living in rural areas, belonging to certain sub-national,
exploration ethnographique, d’histoires de familles « désunis », du point de ethnic and religious groups significantly increased the likelihood of GEEC.
vue de parents « en solo », mais aussi de leurs enfants, nous montrerons Likewise, GEEC is significantly associated with low socio-economic
comment les formes de rupture conjugale parentale influencent la prise en outcomes, but effects are strongly attenuated by secondary education.
charge des enfants par les différentes institutions à Ouagadougou. Les Studies and policies should focus more on early cohabitation.
stratégies pour contourner l’exclusion et accéder aux soutiens seront Bamidele E. Ola*, Hong Kong Baptist University, Hong Kong
éclairées.
Adjara Konkobo*, EHESS/Marseille 15. Trends in the Social Stratification of Family Formation across
Select Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa
15. Self-as-Father: Perspectives and Experiences of Young Men on Across the global North, growing evidence suggests that uneven changes in
Becoming Fathers. family formation patterns are resulting in “diverging destinies” for future
In South Africa, most men often do not live with their children and have generations. More advantaged women have become more likely to delay
little involvement in their upbringing. However, recent studies have marriage and childbearing, with more stable unions; while the
documented a pattern of greater paternal involvement when dealing with disadvantaged have become more likely to experience early nonmarital
young fathers, but there is still an information gap on how young men childbearing and union instability. Given increasing levels of economic
perceive their role as fathers. The main objective of the study was to shed inequality in several African countries, and documented changes to union
insights into the perceptions and experiences on becoming young fathers. and family formation patterns, we ask: Is there evidence of increasing social
The study draws on 15 one-to-one in-depth interviews with young fathers stratification in family formation patterns in sub-Saharan Africa? We
between the ages of 18 to 24 years residing in a rural area in South Africa. examine whether age at first birth, age at first marriage, nonmarital
The results reveal that young fathers had negative experiences of fatherhood childbearing and rates of cohabitation are increasingly stratified by
whilst growing up as many of them also had absent fathers. Young, women’s educational attainment by drawing on data from 82 Demographic
unemployed fathers felt emasculated as they were not able to assume the and Health surveys across 17 countries. Preliminary results support a
role of a provider. Despite this, the findings underscores that young fathers diverging destiny model with respect to age of first birth and marriage; and
aspire to be more involved, better and different from their own biological mixed for nonmarital childbearing and cohabitation.
fathers. Kirsten Stoebenau*, University of Maryland; Sangeetha Madhavan,
Nokwanele Mhlongo*, University of KwaZulu Natal; Pranitha Maharaj, University of Maryland, College Park; Emily Smith-Greenaway,
University of KwaZulu-Natal University of Southern California

15. Associations between Women's Age at First Cohabitation, 16. Deriving Niger’s Demographic and Education Future to 2062 with
Education and Lifetime Outcomes in Kenya and Nigeria Stakeholders: Which Results?
Studies have shown that early marriage is negatively associated women’s Niger has the fastest population growth in the world while being among the
education and other life outcomes. However, our knowledge of possible least developed countries. The rapid population growth that will continue in
changes in outcomes if a woman cohabits early (before her 18th birthday), the medium to long term represents a planning challenge for Niger's
but still attains high education is grossly limited. Using DHS data of Kenya development. Both demographic and education variables occupy a central
(2014, n=17,805) and Nigeria (2013, n=22,789), I showed women’s mean position in the government strategy without being necessarily linked.
age at first cohabitation at national, subnational and rural-urban residences. However, the future of Niger will largely be a reflection of its ability to
Fitting multivariate logistic regression models at p-value <0.05, I explored meet both challenges. Within a project piloted by the Ministry of Planning,
background factors influencing girl’s early exposure to cohabitation we have studied different future paths of demographic and educational

97
development with the aim to inform policy, using multi-state population Change (ToC) established through a systematic analysis of critical factors
projection models. The projections are developed for each regions that face influencing the desired outcomes,measures and targets outlined in Uganda
different challenges. Results of the scenarios are presented in terms of Vision 2040, NDP II and the 2008 National Population Policy (NPP) and its
educational and demographic developments, also looking at the impact of Action Plan. The Theory of Change The theory of change premised on the
closing the gender gap in education, studying economic dependency ratios, drivers and pathways of harnessing the demographic dividend as presented
and the costs of investments in education. in DD preposition value model analysis. These include education,
Anne Goujon*, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human empowerment, health, employment and wealth creation
Capital; Guillaume Marois, Asian Demographic Reseach Institute, Catherine Mbabazi*, National Population Council (NPC)-Uganda/Takemi
Shanghai University; Patrick Sabourin, International Institute for Applied Fellow
Systems Analysis (IIASA)
16. Demographic Dividend in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Is the
16. Amplifying Understanding of the Demographic Dividend in Uganda Gradient among All Factors in the Enabling Environment?
The National Population Council (NPC) of Uganda holds an institutional To reap the demographic dividend, a country should take major decisions,
mandate to coordinate implementation of their National Population Policy including those influencing change in the population structure. Previous
and to advocate for the integration of population dynamics in development research showed that change in population structure is the prerequisite to
planning. NPC has partnered with the Population Reference Bureau’s reap demographic dividend. The proximal factors mediating its effects built
PACE project to broaden the conversation about demographic change and upon an enabling environment, encompassing health, education, economic
measures of national development in Uganda by engaging policymakers in policies, and governance. Assuming that all enablers are important, this
the education, economic growth, and governance sectors. NPC and PACE viewpoint answers the following question: What should be the expected
developed a suite of advocacy materials in 2019 to ensure that population gradient among all factors in the enabling environment? We argue that
dynamics are a key component of sector budget framework processes and governance, referred to as a strong leadership and a clear vision is the most
development of the third National Development Plan. The resulting important factor in the enabling environment. Without a significant shift in
materials, titled “Transforming Uganda Through Investment in People,” leadership in sub-Saharan Africa, countries should not expect miracles to
outline specific priority policy recommendations for decisionmakers in the achieve demographic dividend in SSA countries.
health, education, economic, and governance sectors. This partnership Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene*, Université de Kinshasa and Statistics
demonstrates how tailored, evidence-driven advocacy materials drive Canada; Tilahun Haregu, African Population and Health Research Center
support for policy interventions related to the demographic dividend across (APHRC); Dickson Amugsi, African Population and Health Research
multiple sectors, including at the subnational level. Center (APHRC); Jacques B. O. Emina, University of Kinshasa;
Elizabeth Leahy Madsen, Population Reference Bureau (PRB); Stella Chimaraoke Izugbara, International Center for Research on Women
Kigozi*, Population Secretariat, Uganda; Kaitlyn Patierno, Population
Reference Bureau 20. Contextual Determinants of Sexual Behaviour of Emerging Adults
Several studies have examined the determinants of sexual behaviour of
16. Multi-Sectoral Planning and Programmatic Approach to DD young adults in Nigeria. These studies found explanations in individual and
Integration in Uganda: The Progress household predictors. However, evidence from the developed countries
To maximise the opportunity for harnessing the DD, multi-sectoral team of established that the conceptualization of young people’s transition to
experts are engaging in generating multi- sectoral interventions framework adulthood should move beyond using age classification in explaining the
that will guide implementation at national and sub-national levels. period of transition to adulthood but also includes social construction
Coordinated multi-sectoral engagements is the foundation for creating couched in delay parenthood and marriage. Meanwhile, there is little
stronger partnerships, common agenda for multi-sectoral priority research on these in Nigeria. Hence this study tested models on age at first
interventions to be addressed. The multi-sectoral interventions Theory of sex and incorporated individual-level alongside household and community

98
characteristics using the 2013 Nigeria DHS using COX proportional hazard The promotion of contraceptive use among young people and ensuring
model. Results showed the median age at first sex is higher for male (19.3 access to comprehensive sexuality education for youth would reduce the
years) compared with female (18.2 years) and that education, HIV prevalence of teenage pregnancy and consequently lead to reducing the
perception, religion, female-headed household, region, urban residence, prevalence of child marriage.
ethnic group, and community poverty and education influenced age at first Alister C. Munthali*, University of Malawi; Lincie Kusters, Royal
sex. Familial and community-based interventions should be encouraged. Tropical Institute; Darlen Dzimwe, Centre for Social Research; Maryse
Olufemi Adetutu*, Obafemi Awolowo University Kok, Researcher

20. Adolescents’ Knowledge of the Fertile Period, Contraceptive Use 20. Young People’s Experiences of Empowerment and Its Drivers
and Childbearing within a Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights Program in Uganda:
The base population for calculating the indicators of sexual and A Qualitative Inquiry.
reproductive health of adolescents is often those aged 15-19. Yet, the needs The transition from childhood to adulthood presents particular sexual and
and challenges of adolescents aged 15-17 are different from those aged 18- reproductive health(SRH) needs and challenges. In Uganda, young
19. Data are drawn from the DHS to disaggregate adolescent women into people(YP) are not only faced with challenges of limited access to
age groups 15-17 and 18-19 and assess the association between their information and services but also restrictive societal beliefs/values. These
knowledge of the fertile period, contraceptive use and childbearing in might negatively affect their agency regarding their SRHR. This study
Africa. Contraceptive use was associated with childbearing among women explored young people’s experiences of empowerment and its drivers.
aged 18-19, with no clear pattern among those aged 15-17. Knowledge of Interviews and FGDs with YP(18-24years) were conducted. Data were
the fertile period was associated with contraceptive use among sexually analyzed using QCA approach. Latent analysis resulted in an emerging
initiated adolescents. Contraceptive use was higher among adolescents aged theme: gaining agency over own SRHR, with four drivers identified:
18-19 who ever had a pregnancy than among those sexually initiated who opportunities to express interests/opinions, relationships that foster access to
never had a pregnancy. Knowledge about the fertile period suggest information/services, community support for SRH and gaining access to
supplementary effects to using contraception. While emphasis is often on SRH services. Overall, empowerment was experienced as a multi-
the need to prevent the first pregnancy, preventing the second pregnancy dimensional concept with influencing factors beyond the individual level.
might be as important than previously thought. Findings indicated a need for capacity strengthening to increase the
Stephen M. Kisambira*, United Nations Population Division effectiveness of programs and heightened focus on addressing negative
beliefs and attitudes, especially in the religious and cultural contexts.
20. When Knocked up, Tie the Knot… or Not?: The Interlinkages Dianah Nanyange*, Researcher; Charles Owekmeno, SRHR Alliance
between Teenage Pregnancy and Child Marriage in Machinga District Uganda; Quraish Matovu, Reproductive Health Uganda; Godfrey
in Southern Malawi Walakira, Straight Talk Foundation Uganda; Maaike van Veen, Rutgers
This paper explores key drivers of child marriage in Southern Malawi. Data
were collected through focus group discussions with young people and 21. Postabortion Care Facility Readiness in Nigeria and Cote d’Ivoire
adults and in-depth interviews with young people, parents or caregivers, Unsafe abortion causes between 8% and 15% of maternal deaths
traditional and religious leaders, teachers and health workers; and key worldwide. Postabortion care (PAC) is an essential component of
informants comprising of NGO staff and government officials. A emergency obstetric care to prevent unsafe abortion-related morbidity and
questionnaire was administered to 1,596 youth aged 15-24, 75% were mortality, however there is little information regarding the quality of PAC
female. Qualitative data were analysed using thematic content analysis in low-resource settings. Using recently collected facility data from Nigeria
while survey data were analysed using SPSS. Beside poverty and prevailing and Cote d’Ivoire, we aim to assess individual postabortion care signal
cultural practice, pregnancy is one of the key drivers of child marriage. This functions and overall service readiness in these contexts, where no previous
is because once a girl gets pregnant she is supposed to marry immediately. estimates exist. Preliminary analyses reveal low levels of PAC and safe

99
abortion service availability, with provision primarily at tertiary and de Nouna; Nkechi Emma-Echiegu, Ebonyi State University; Martin
secondary facilities. Excluding provision of safe abortion for legal Bangha, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC)
indications, only 37.3% of Nigerian facilities and 51.2% of Cote d’Ivoirian
facilities have all basic PAC signal functions. Additional analyses of 21. La pratique des soins après avortement à Ouagadougou : Approche
readiness and social inequities in access to care are forthcoming. Findings anthropologique des processus interactionnels autour de l’utilisation du
will provide actionable data to stakeholders regarding opportunities for Misoprostol
improvement. L’avortement est répandu à Ouagadougou. L’objectif est d’analyser les
Suzanne Bell*, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; changements comportementaux intervenus suite à l'introduction du
Funmilola OlaOlorun, University of Ibadan; Andoh Kouakou Hyacinthe, Misoprostol dans le dispositif de soins post-avortement. Soixante-quatorze
Programme National de Santé de la Mère et de l'Enfant; Mridula entretiens individuels et une observation participante ont été réalisés auprès
Shankar, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Elizabeth F. des femmes ayant avorté, leurs proches, des soignants, des agents du
Omoluabi, Centre for Research Evaluation Resources and Development Ministère de la santé et de la CAMEG. L’autorisation du Misoprostol pour
(CRERD); Georges Guiella, Université de Ouagadougou; Saifuddin la prise en charge des avortements a permis la vulgarisation du produit et
Ahmed, Johns Hopkins University; Caroline Moreau, INSERM/INED and occasionnée son utilisation à des fins abortives. Les soignants développent
Johns Hopkins School of Public Health des stratégies pour minimiser l’utilisation du médicament de façon
clandestine. Des conflits naissent autour de la prise en charge des patientes
21. Health Systems’ Capacity to Provide Post-Abortion Care (Pac): et se manifestent par l’insatisfaction des femmes relative à la confiscation
Assessment of Health Facilities in Burkina Faso, Kenya and Nigeria de leur produit par les prestataires. La facilité d’achat du produit contribue à
Using Signal Functions expliquer la fréquence élevée de son utilisation à des buts abortifs. La
In most of Sub-Saharan Africa’ countries, access to abortion is legally redéfinition des politiques de santé apparaît nécessaire pour une bonne
restricted. The women requiring abortion in these restrictive environments gestion du Misoprostol.
resort to unsafe procedures resulting in complications, which often require Aline Kagambega*, Université de Ouagadougou
long hospital stays, treatment and attendance by skilled health providers.
Most women with abortion-related complications in these countries end up 21. UN
in public hospitals where minimal evidence exist on their capacity to offer ABSRACT TITLE: Understanding access and penetration of Misoprostol
PAC. This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional surveys conducted across private and Public Facilities in the Management of Post Abortion
across a nationally representative sample of primary, secondary and tertiary Care. AUTHORS: Stella Mudondo, Population Services International (PSI);
public health facilities in Burkina Faso, Kenya and Nigeria from November Baker Lukwago PSI blukwago@psiug.org Peter Buyungo, PSI,
2018 to February 2019, signal function indicators, including key equipment PRESENTING AUTHOR: Stella Mudondo PRESENTING AUTHOR’S
and supplies, staffing, training, etc. Study findings reveal gaps and EMAIL ADDRESS: smudondo@psiug.org In Uganda, Misoprostol is
weaknesses in delivery of PAC in the selected SSA countries. Findings currently distributed through the National Medical Stores (NMS) and
demonstrate the need for increased investments by governments to through private sector distributors. PSI Uganda in 2018 conducted a follow
strengthen capacity of primary and secondary and tertiary public health up survey to understand growth in coverage of Misoprostol in both Private
facilities to deliver quality PAC services. and Public Facilities. Findings from the survey showed that the availability
Kenneth Juma*, African Population and Health Research Center of Misoprostol in facilities/outlets is unreliable and inconsistent because of
(APHRC); Ramatou Ouedraogo, African Population and Health Research the number of stock outs reported in the different outlets. Conclusion
Center (APHRC); Michael M. Mutua, African Population and Health Increasing Misoprostol Coverage in Uganda with providers trained with the
Research Center (APHRC); Sylvia Onchaga, African Population and correct dosage in partnership with the Ministry of Health and other partners
Health Research Center (APHRC); Ali Sié, Centre de Recherche en Santé will decrease on the Maternal Mortality by saving lives through the
management of Post Abortion Care.

100
Stella Mudondo*, PSI; Baker Lukwago, PSI; Peter Buyungo, Population of exposure to the intervention.
Services International, Uganda Mahesh Karra*, Boston University; David Canning, Harvard University

22. Effectiveness of NURHI2 Outreaches in Improving Uptake of 22. Promoting Vasectomy as a Way of Involving Men in Family
LARC Methods Planning as Champions and Users.
Evidence suggests that short-acting contraceptives are the most preferred RAHU is promoting voluntary male involvement in Family Planning (FP)
among contraceptive users in Nigeria perhaps owing to their perceived by fronting vasectomy as a viable and safe option, targeting men aged 35
minimal side effects. Given a generally low rate of modern contraceptive years and above, their spouses (Tubal Ligation) and male champions in the
prevalence (9.8%), the use of Long Acting Reversible Contraceptives 8 piloted districts of Kampala, Wakiso, Iganga, Mityana, Mbarara, Hoima,
(LARC) is believed to be pivotal in increasing contraceptive prevalence, but Mbarara and Arua The campaign frame FP as being a collective
its uptake has remained low. Barriers to uptake of LARC include lack of responsibility of men and women, as opposed to being just a “women’s
knowledge, shortage of trained providers, cost of consumables and stock issue”. Strategy: The project is using the male champions model who
out of commodities. However, an also important barrier is the presence of encourages their peers to take up vasectomy as a safe and reliable FP
myths and misconceptions about LARC among prospective users of method. Male champions have already undergone the vasectomy procedure
contraceptive. We conducted outreaches to dispel myths and and are willing to share their positive experiences. Through conducting
misconceptions across 36 health facilities over a 12 month period and integrated community outreaches, clinic-based interventions, district
recorded an increase in the median uptake of LARC from 6.5% to 13.5%. launches, group education sessions, online campaigns, and interpersonal
We conclude that family planning outreaches are important and providers communication, the campaign is breaking the barriers to accessing
should be supported through training to ensure the effectiveness of Vasectomy and Bilateral Tubal Ligation (BTL). Lessons Learned:
outreaches. Interpersonal communication has been effective.
Adeola O. Duduyemi*, Johns Hopkins Centre for Communication Paul Waiswa*, Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU); Humphrey Nabimanya,
Programs, NURHI2, Nigeria; Temitope Erinfolami, Nigerian Urban Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU); Helen Patricia Amutuhaire, Reach A
Reproductive Health Initiative 2; Saratu Olabode-Ojo, Johns Hopkins Hand Uganda (RAHU); Gilbert Beyamba, Reach A Hand Uganda
Centre for Communication Programs, NURHI2, Nigeria
24. Youth Mobility in Uganda: Analysing Predictors of Migration and
22. The Causal Effect of Improved Access to Postpartum Family Employment Status at Destination
Planning: Evidence from a Field Experiment in Urban Malawi Young people continue to move out of rural to urban Uganda. Although
We conduct a randomized controlled trial that identifies the causal impact studies present evidence for drivers and corollaries of this mobility, less is
of an intervention to improve access to family planning on contraceptive known about the predictors. This study investigated correlates of youth
use, birth spacing, and women’s well-being in urban Malawi. A total of migration and employment. Data were collected from 1,537 respondents in
2,143 married women aged 18-35 and who were either pregnant or had a 2017/2018 cross sectional study. Binary logistic regression and
recently given birth were randomly assigned to an intervention arm or multinomial logistic regression models indicate that being older youth and
control arm. Women assigned to the intervention arm received three hailing from a rural environment increased the odds of out-migration. Being
services over a two-year period: 1) six home visits from family planning older youth increased the chances of self-employment and paid
counselors; 2) free transportation to a family planning clinic; and 3) employment. Compared to married youths, the never married were less
reimbursement for family planning services. Preliminary findings show a likely to be self-employed but more likely to be paid casual workers.
3.26 percentage point increase in postpartum contraceptive use in the Females were consistently less likely to be employed across all categories
treatment group after one year of exposure to the intervention. Finally, we of employment. The conclusion is that age, home environment and sex
find that the odds of short birth spacing is 54 percent lower after two years significantly influence migration and employment. The findings have
implications including improvement of rural conditions and strengthening

101
programmes that address employment gender gaps. 25. The Demographic Window of Opportunity and Economic Growth
Abel Nzabona*, Makerere university at the Sub-National Level in Sub-Saharan Africa
This paper uses a cross-sectional dataset including 329 sub-national regions
24. Rural to Urban Migration and Its Impact on Gender Inequality of 39 Sub-Saharan African countries to investigate the effect of the
We argue that the economic opportunities available to rural-to-urban demographic transition on economic growth at the sub-national level in
migrants are found disproportionately by men. Our research will seek to Sub-Saharan African countries. Changes in age structures are important,
establish whether gender inequality is worse among “movers” relative to because different age groups display different behavior. Fertility reduction
“non-movers”. We will use data from the Democratic Health Survey (DHS) may allow a region to reap the demographic dividend during the
conducted in sub-Saharan Africa within the last five years. We will do a demographic window of opportunity (DWO), characterized by a large share
cross-country analysis, dividing countries into three categories to explore if of workers relative to dependents. The DWO consists of six distinct phases.
the relationship changes with economic development. To increase data The empirical basis of the DWO literature is biased towards growth in
points we will also do an intra-country study, creating a gender inequality middle-income countries. The literature has also focused on the national
index within different regions of the countries. To complement this we may level. The preliminary analysis shows that, at the sub-national level, the
also do a difference in difference where the data allows. It is envisaged the youth dependency ratio and the level of life expectancy are important
results will show significant disparities in the gender inequality index determinants of the growth rate, while the old dependency ratio and
between movers and non-movers. We believe that we would find greater population growth are not determinants of economic growth. Education has
gender inequality among movers compared to non-movers due to gender no robust effects.
bias in economic opportunities found by rural-to-urban migrants. Lamar Crombach*, ETH Zürich KOF; Jeroen Smits, Radboud
Collins Opiyo, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Eleanor Universiteit Nijmegen
Keeble*, Overseas Development Institute (ODI)
25. Reaping the Benefits of Demographic Dividends in Sub-Saharan
24. Inter Linkages between Migration and Inequality in Africa: Review African Countries: When Are Their Windows of Opportunity and
of Contemporary Studies What Is Different Compared to Experiences Elsewhere?
In recent times, migration and inequality have become topical issues of An essential precondition for reaping the benefits of a demographic
global attention with the Sustainable Development Goals, Goal number 10 dividend is a decline in mortality and the subsequent decline in fertility.
focuses on tackling inequality. Few studies show that migration and During this intermediate phase of the demographic transition, resources are
inequality are interlinked; yet, others show that migration is an outcome of freeing up that can be invested in economic development or family welfare.
inequality, while others argue that migration triggers inequality in the While the factors and circumstances that led selected Asian and Latin
sending areas due to increased flows of remittances sent by migrants to their American countries to benefit from a change in their populations’ age-
areas of origin. This article highlights the scholarly work on migration and structure are well documented, the factors that are likely to allow African
inequality in Africa using desk review of published studies.The findings countries to benefit from the demographic transition are much less clear.
show that census and survey data are commonly used to analyze linkages The aim of the present study is twofold. First, to calculate the window of
between economic inequality and migration, ignoring other dimensions of opportunity for each Sub-Saharan African country. Second, to present a
inequalities. Additionally, none of the studies looked at the drivers of compilation of enabling factors that are likely to be the same as in other
migration and inequality. The study recommends investigation of the nexus countries that benefited from a demographic dividend, as well as those that
between non-income inequalities and migration and unpacking of are likely to play a particular role in the Sub-Saharan African context.
contextual factors behind inequality and migration using both qualitative Elke Loichinger*, Federal Institute for Population Research
and quantitative approaches.
Mary Muyonga*, Population Studies Research Institute, University of 25. Education Rather than Age-Structure Brings Demographic
Nairobi Dividend

102
Initially focusing on population growth, the notion of demographic dividend Despite increased contraceptive use over the past decades, unmet need is
has shifted the attention to changes in age structures with an assumed still high in Malawi. Health surveillance assistants (HSAs) provide an
window of opportunity that opens when falling birth rates lead to a expanded range of contraceptive services at community level. We
relatively higher proportion of the working age population. This has become conducted a qualitative study to explore enabling and hindering factors of
the dominant paradigm and an advocacy tool for highlighting the benefits of HSAs’ roles in the provision of contraceptive services in Mangochi district,
fertility decline. While this view acknowledges that the dividend can only Malawi. The study involved HSAs and their supervisors, community
be realized if associated with investments in human capital, its causal members, health workers and policy makers using 34 interviews and 12
trigger is still seen in exogenous fertility decline. We assess the relative focus group discussions. Data were recorded, transcribed, translated, coded
importance of changing age structure and increasing human capital for and thematically analysed according to a framework that included
economic growth for a panel of 165 countries for 1980-2015. The results community-, HSA- and health system-related factors. HSAs were found to
show a clear dominance of improving education over age structure and give be trusted contraceptive service providers. It was found that their ability to
evidence the demographic dividend is driven by human capital. Declining ensure male involvement, increase access to services for youth and address
youth dependency ratios even show negative impacts on income growth misconceptions needs improvement. This requires a thorough understanding
when combined with low education. of socio-cultural norms and improved behavioral change communication
Wolfgang Lutz, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis competencies, which need to be incorporated in future training.
(IIASA); Jesus Crespo Cuaresma, Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, Helena de Kat*, Amref Health Africa Tanzania; Maryse Kok, Researcher;
WU); Endale Kebede*, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Madalitso Tolani, Amref Health Africa in Malawi; Twambilire
Human Capital; Alexia Fürnkranz-Prskawetz, Vienna University of Mwabungulu, Amref Health Africa Tanzania; Arnold Munthali, Amref
Technology; Erich Striessnig, Wittgenstein Centre (IIASA, VID/ÖAW, Health Africa Tanzania; Benedict Chinsakaso, Amref Health Africa
WU); Warren C. Sanderson, Stony Brook University, State University of Tanzania
New York (SUNY)
27. Components of Contraceptive Counselling Postpartum Women
25. Jeunesse, marché du travail et dividende démographique au Congo Receive during Antenatal and Postnatal Health Care Services: A
Longtemps non prise en compte, les variables démographiques sont Qualitative Approach
aujourd’hui considérées comme les éléments accélérèrent de croissance Contraceptive counselling is seen as a major part of public health care,
économique qualifiée de dividende démographique. La présente étude maternal and child health care. Therefore, antenatal and postnatal periods
prétend contribuer à la littérature économique en mettant en décrivant le are regarded as the appropriate opportunities for women to receive
profil du dividende démographique au Congo. La méthodologie adoptée education on contraceptives. This study explores the components of
dans le cadre de cette étude est celle de NTA (National Transfer Accounts). contraceptive counselling postpartum women receive when they attend
Il en résulte que l’âge de fin de la dépendance à la jeunesse est de 36 ans. antenatal and postnatal health care services in order to provide insights into
Par contre, la dépendance à la vieillesse commence à 57 ans. En the various contraceptive counselling given them. The study used
conséquence, le déficit moyen du cycle de vie est d’environ 803 041 FCFA exploratory methodological approach, where qualitative data was collected
pour les personnes de moins de 36 ans et de 784 147 FCFA par an pour les through individual in-depth interviews. Thirty women attending antenatal
plus de 57 ans. Le surplus moyen dégagé par les personnes âgées de 36 à 57 and postnatal clinics were interviewed at the University of Ghana Hospital
ans est de l'ordre de 277 115 FCFA par an. and Achimota Hospital. The results show that women were counselled on
Gabin Ibemba*, Centre de Recherche et d’Etudes Economiques, the direct and indirect benefits of contraceptive uses, the various types of
Statistiques et Informatiques contraceptives and duration of use. The study further found the use of audio
visuals and leaflets during counselling sessions and less education on side
27. Enabling and Hindering Factors of Health Surveillance Assistants’ effects on contraceptives.
Roles in the Provision of Contraceptive Services in Mangochi, Malawi

103
Desmond Klu*, Regional Institute for Population Studies, University of five methods based on age, parity, partner consent, or marital status.
Ghana Restrictions reported by providers did not appear to influence contraceptive
method received for all women, but did influence use of LARC among
27. Experiences and Care-Seeking Patterns for Menstrual Bleeding unmarried women.
Irregularities among Current and Past Users of Injectables and Elizabeth Pleasants, University of California, Berkeley; Tekou Bléwussi
Implants in Rural Kenya Koffi, Centre d'Evaluation et de Recherche Apliquée (CERA); Karen
This study examined experiences and care-seeking practices for menstrual Weidert, University of California, Berkeley; Ndola Prata*, University of
bleeding irregularities among current and past users of injectables and California, Berkeley
implants in rural Kenya using both quantitative and qualitative data from
the third round of a two-year longitudinal study conducted in Homa-Bay 28. Les fistules obstétricales en Afrique Centrale : Essaie de
County, Western Kenya. Results: Many current and past users of injectables comparaison des déterminants et profils des ‘‘méconnaisseuses jeunes’’
and implants reported experiencing method-related menstrual irregularities les réseaux sociaux sont devenus un moyen de communication très prisé par
(range 55%-76%), however, few sought advice or care from a healthcare les jeunes, mais dont les dégâts liées à la rareté d’informations sur une
provider for management of the conditions. Menstrual irregularities are a maladie dite de la ‘honte’ font rages. cette étude vient identifier et comparer
pivotal health concern that drives non-use and discontinuation of les déterminants et les profils des ‘méconnaisseuses jeunes’ de la fistule
contraceptive methods in the study area; it affected women’s relationships, obstétricale dans les pays d’Afrique centrale. Ce sont des jeunes filles âgées
their performance of domestic chores, and participation in income- entre 15 et 35 ans qui n’ont jamais entendu parler de cette maladie. Les
generating activities. Quality counselling on side effects before initiating a analyses descriptives sont faites et consistent à examiner l’existence
method was inadequate, incomplete or not provided at all in some cases. éventuelle d’une relation entre la variable dépendante et les variables
There is need for innovative strategies for supporting women who are on explicatives avec une significativité du khi-deux prise au seuil critique de
contraception and experiencing unpleasant side effects to minimize 5%. L’analyse économétrique quant à elle se fera au moyen d’une
discontinuation régression logistique multinomiale non ordonnée. Ainsi à la lumière des
George Odwe*, Population Council ; Francis Obare, Population Council; résultats qui en découleront, un plaidoyer sera fait en direction des acteurs
John G. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine chargés des questions des jeunes pour une meilleure réponse à leurs
(LSHTM) besoins.
Valerie Chemgne*, CARE-IFA; Honoré Mimche, Institut de Formation et
27. Are Women in Lomé Getting Their Desired Methods of de Recherche Démographiques (IFORD)
Contraception? Understanding Provider Bias from Restrictions to
Choice 28. Differentials and Determinants of Cervical Cancer Knowledge and
Provider bias is one way in which access to contraception can be restricted. Screening in Selected Sub-Saharan African Countries
This analysis assessed the prevalence of provider restrictions in Morbidity and mortality associated to cervical cancer is rapidly increasing
contraception provision and the potential impact on women’s contraception in sub-Saharan Africa, yet it is an avoidable cause of women’s death. This
method uptake in Lomé, Togo. The relationships between provider paper aims to contribute to the study of women’s reproductive health by
restrictiveness and women’s receipt of their desired method of assessing and comparing women’s characteristics and their relationship to
contraception were modeled using mixed-effects logistic regressions cervical cancer knowledge and screening in Ivory Coast, Kenya and
looking at all women and among subgroups hypothesized to be at higher Namibia. We use recent DHS surveys data to study proportions and
risk of bias. Around 84% of providers in this sample reported adhering to determinants of cervical cancer knowledge and screening. A probit
some type of restriction in contraceptive provision for the five contraceptive regression model with sample selection is chosen to estimate factors that
methods included in assessment (pill, male condom, injectable, IUD, and have an effect on the probability of cervical cancer knowledge and
implant). Around 53% of providers reported restricting at least four of the screening. Results show low levels of screening in Ivory Coast and Kenya

104
and age and wealth index as predictors of screening. We conclude that inconsistent use of contraception, contraception for spacing versus limiting,
efficiency in the implementation of screening programs and adequate health sexual activity among married and unmarried, and proportions of women
infrastructure are crucial to reducing cervical cancer mortality rates. Key that are married. Attention is drawn to Malawi, Ghana, Namibia, and
words: Cervical cancer screening, differentials, determinants, Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso.
Kenya; Namibia. Aisha Dasgupta*, United Nations Population Division; Vladimira
Ann Kiragu*, Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne; Richard Kouamé, Kantorova, United Nations Population Division
Ecole National Supériurede statistique et économie appliquée; Elise
Kacou, IDUP et Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et d'Economie 29. On Marriage Dynamics and Fertility in Sub-Saharan Africa:
Appliquée (ENSEA) Evidence from Malawi
The interplay between remarriage and fertility is among the most poorly
28. HIV/NCD Comorbidity in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Need for a documented subjects in sub-Saharan Africa, yet remarriage is one of the
Synergistic Health Care Model fundamental aspects of marriage dynamics in the region. Using principles of
Our aim is to assess missed opportunities of HIV/NCD (non-communicable cohort-period demographic measurement and statistical methodologies, this
disease) testing among older South Africans. A pilot study, using the research uses Malawi as a case study to assess the pattern and level of union
Testing & Risk History Calendar, with 30 participants (aged 50-plus, 7 dissolution and remarriage, and to document how the association between
HIV-positive/23 HIV-negative) was conducted in two sites in South Africa. remarriage and fertility changes over time. Results reveals that the
We calculate the prevalence of self-reported comorbidities, and the probability of experiencing first union dissolution within 15 years dropped
frequency of HIV and/or NCD screening. Overall, over half of the sample from 45.9% to 40.0% between 1992 and 2015, while the likelihood of
had high blood pressure, and another 20% had diabetes; about 15% reported remarriage decreased from 36.1% to 27.7% during this period. On
both. Despite extensive NCD care engagement, the majority of HIV testing childbearing, remarried women end up with fewer children than their
was for those who reported being HIV-positive. HIV tests were generally counterparts in intact unions, but the fertility gap is diminishing overtime.
provider initiated due to the patient showing HIV symptoms, rather than In 2015, women in intact unions had 0.33 more children on average than
part of routine care. Routine testing opportunities for early HIV detection their remarried counterparts, a decreased from 1.48 in 2000.
are not occurring among older adults. A synergistic, preventative health care Benson John*, University of Malawi; Vissého D. Adjiwanou, University
model that encourages routine testing for HIV and NCDs concurrently of Cape Town
would benefit the health of older South Africans.
Enid Schatz, University of Missouri, Columbia; Paige Smith*, University 29. La fécondité basse au Sénégal : quelle diffusion spatiale dans un
of Missouri; Lucia Knight, University of Western Cape contexte de transition démographique ?
Le Sénégal fait actuellement face aux défis liés à l’inadéquation entre le
29. Contraceptive Use as a Determinant of Fertility Decline: Why Is développement économique et la forte croissance démographique résultant
Sub-Saharan Africa Different? d’une fécondité toujours élevée (environ 5.0 enfants par femme
Using the latest datasets published by the United Nations Population actuellement). Comme partout en Afrique, la basse fécondité aujourd’hui
Division, in this paper we provide insights into the role of contraceptive use est un phénomène urbain, cependant il existe des disparités
on fertility. We first present a global perspective of trends in fertility and socioéconomiques géographiques très fortes entre la capitale, les villes
contraceptive use, then draw on case studies within sub-Saharan Africa to secondaires et les zones rurales. Cette étude met en évidence la diffusion
examine how the relationship between contraception and fertility is spatiale de la basse fécondité (en dessous de 4.0) entre départements du
mediated by other factors. Although there is an inverse relationship between Sénégal et les facteurs qui lui sont favorables à l’aide du recensement de la
contraceptive use and the total fertility rate, at every level of contraceptive population de 2013. La basse fécondité au Sénégal se diffuse des localités
use countries in Africa tend to have higher fertility compared to other situées sur les côtes de l’océan Atlantique dans la région de la capitale vers
regions. The other mediating factors include method-mix efficacy, abortion, les autres départements du pays. Outre les facteurs socioéconomiques

105
favorables à la basse fécondité, la migration en ville a un effet limité sur la demographic characteristics of pregnant women who accessed maternal
diffusion c’est plutôt le comportement dans le milieu de résidence qui healthcare services in the survey period and find that access to the FMHCP
prime. is generally pro-poor with women in high poverty regions and rural areas
Roch Millogo*, Université de Genève; Géraldine Duthé, Institut National less likely to pay for antenatal, delivery and postnatal services. However,
d'Études Démographiques (INED); Ndèye Binta Diémé Coly, Agence women with high-risk pregnancies were not significantly more likely to be
Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Clementine exempted from making payments for maternal healthcare services. Further
Rossier, Université de Genève research is needed to investigate the reasons for lack of access to the
FMHCP for some groups of women in spite of being eligible.
29. Représentations sociales des sexualités masculine et féminine et Fidelia A. A. Dake*, University of Ghana; Frank Otchere, University of
impact sur l’exposition des jeunes hommes aux risques sexuels à North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Yaoundé (Cameroun)
Les représentations de la sexualité masculine sont peu mises en lien avec 30. Exclusive Breastfeeding Patterns in Tanzania. Do Individual,
l’exposition des jeunes hommes et femmes aux risques sexuels. Cette Household, or Community Factors Matter?
communication vise à améliorer les connaissances sur les liens entre les Exclusive breastfeeding knowledge is higher among women in Tanzania. It
représentations culturelles de la sexualité masculine et féminine et l’impact enhances the infants’ immune system besides protecting them against
sur l’exposition des jeunes gens aux risques sexuels à Yaoundé en utilisant infectious diseases. If practiced optimally, protects mothers against NCDs
une approche qualitative inductive. Les données proviennent d’une étude besides promising spaced births. We examined the extent to which
sur les besoins non satisfaits en santé de la reproduction des jeunes à individual, household, and community factors matter in explaining
Yaoundé réalisée en 2011 (32 entretiens individuels semi-directifs, 18 exclusive breastfeeding practices in Tanzania. We analysed the 2015/16
entretiens dirigés de groupe auprès des jeunes hommes et femmes, parents TDHS data. The dependent variable was exclusive breastfeeding (feeding
et leaders religieux). Les analyses confirment l’existence du double standard infants with breast-milk only up to six months). Both univariate and
sexuel à Yaoundé, sa transmission entre générations et son impact nocif sur multivariate logistic regressions were used to determine the factors
les attitudes des jeunes hommes et femmes envers la sexualité et la associated with exclusive breastfeeding. The exclusive breastfeeding rate
prévention. L’étude montre aussi un désintérêt des jeunes hommes pour la was 59%; women were at greater odds of practicing exclusive breastfeeding
prévention des risques de grossesse et d’IST/VIH. if lived in a rural ; aged between 30-39 years; the infant’s size was normal
Rodrigue Kolawolé Babaekpa*, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la at birth; postnatal checkup by nurses/midwives; and the infant was <2
Population, Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo; Nathalie Sawadogo, Institut months. Rural women tend to practice exclusive breastfeeding. We
Supérieur des Sciences de la Population, Université Joseph Ki-Zerbo; Alice recommend on researching why exclusive breastfeeding rates among urban
Noël Tchoumkeu, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques women are lower.
(IFORD); Gervais Beninguisse, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Kwalu S. Dede*, International Institute of Social Studies-Erasmus
Démographiques (IFORD) University Rotterdam.; Hilde Bras, Groningen University

30. Born Free and Healthy: Examining Access to Maternal Health 30. The Perinatal and Neonatal Mortality Pathways
Services through Ghana’s Free Maternal Health Care Policy To understand the new-born survival pathways, we analyse the birth event
Maternal health continues to be a global development challenge, history data collected between 2011-2015 and 2005-2015 by Iganga-
particularly in low-and-middle income countries including Ghana. As part Mayuge health demographics and surveillance site in eastern Uganda. We
of efforts to reduce maternal mortality in Ghana, a free maternal healthcare used structural equation modelling with four logistic regression models.
(FMHCP) policy was introduced in 2008 as one of the social protection 67% of perinatal mortality occurred on day 0 and 64% of the neonatal
packages under the National Health Insurance Scheme. Using data from the mortality occurred within 24 hours. Maternal morbidities’ experience was
Ghana Maternal Health Survey conducted in 2017, we examined socio- significantly associated with increased risk of PB, stillbirth, and death

106
within 24 hours. LBW, adolescence and advanced (30+) age and education the number who attend antenatal care and the number who give birth in the
level were significant perinatal mortality mediating factors. Multiple births facilities increased significantly over time. The approach adopted in this
and prior perinatal mortality experience increased the likelihood of perinatal study enlisted the full participation of the community stakeholders, thus,
mortality indirectly via LBW and directly respectively, and the dyad had a increasing the project effectiveness which is expected to strengthen its
continued effect on the later age. Health facilities delivery was not impact and sustainability over time.
significant in reducing the effect of LBW/prematurity and obstetric Friday Okonofua, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State , Nigeria;
conditions. Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo*, Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Sanni Yaya,
Kananura Muhumuza*, London School of Economics and Political Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ottawa, Canada; Blessing Omo-
Science; Tiziana Leone, London School of Economics; Dan Kajungu, Omorodion
INESS; Tryphena Nareeba, Iganga-Mayuge Health Demographic
Surveillance Site; Arjan Gjonca, London School of Economics and 31. Capital humain et Capture du dividende démographique au
Political Science (LSE) Sénégal : Une approche genre
Ce Papier, se propose d’analyser l’apport du capital humain dans le
30. Etude de la mortalité des enfants au Sénégal Dividende démographique, selon une approche genre. En effet, le Sénégal
Cette présente recherche vise à étudier les déterminants de la mortalité des de par sa structure démographique caractérisée par une population à
enfants en Afrique subsaharienne en prenant le cas du Sénégal où les taux majorité en âge de travailler (53,6%, ANSD, 2019), figure au rang des pays
de mortalité des enfants restent encore élevés. Ceci en se basant sur les éligible à la capture du dividende démographique (DD). La réalisation de
données des enquêtes EDS 2005-2011 et 2017.Les résultats issus de cette dernière doit compter sur un capital humain de qualité tant chez les
l’estimation par la méthode de la régression logistique nous ont permis de femmes que les hommes. A cet effet, ce travail développe une méthodologie
découvrir que le statut économique de la mère ainsi que le pouvoir de dérivée du DDMI (Demographic Dividend Monitoring Index) développé
décision de celle-ci en ce qui concerne les dépenses globales du ménage par le CREG-CREFAT. Les données utilisées sont issues principalement de
sont déterminants de la santé de l’enfant. Aussi, on voit que l’impact positif deux bases de données : l’ESPS II de 2011 et L’EDS-MICS 2012. Les
de l’instruction de la mère sur la mortalité de l’enfant croît au fur et à résultats obtenus pourraient permettre d’avoir un diagnostic genre de la
mesure que le niveau d’instruction est élevé. Enfin, les caractéristiques contribution du capital humain au DD, et ainsi mieux orienter l’action dans
propres à l’enfant telles que le sexe, l’alimentation de ce dernier sont aussi la mise en œuvre des politiques économiques sensibles au genre.
des facteurs déterminants de la mortalité des enfants de moins cinq ans. Edmée Marthe Y. Ndoye*, Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar; Latif
Oumy Ndiaye*, CREFAT; Mahmouth Diouf, Agence Nationale de la Dramani, CREG-CREFAT
Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD)
31. Adding Unpaid Care Work into the Analysis of Demographic
30. Increasing Access to Skilled Pregnancy Care: Community-Led Dividends
Intervention in Rural Nigeria Unpaid care work is not usually accounted for in analysis of demographic
Anchored on three theoretical models of health care seeking behavior and dividends. At the aggregate level, much of women’s time and a not
utilization, we implemented quasi-experimental research in two rural Local insignificant amount of men’s time is spent on unpaid household
Government Areas in Edo State, Nigeria. The goal was to increase rural production. This means that a lot of time (productive capacity) is tied up in
women’s access to skilled maternal health care provided in primary health activities that would return low wages in the market economy. Our analysis
care facilities. Drawing on the demand and supply factors associated with demonstrates the impact of time spent in these low productivity activities
low use of PHCs in the study location elicited through a mixed-method and implications for the demographic dividend, using examples from a few
baseline, we designed multifaceted community-led interventions. This paper selected countries.
presents the mid-term evaluation results. The primary outcome indicators, Gretchen Donehower*, University of California, Berkeley
the number of women who register in the project PHCs for antenatal care,

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31. Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Impacts of Improving Physical physical health in rural Uganda. Methods: This paper is based on a cross-
and Social Infrastructure sectional study of 912 older persons age 60 years and older across four
There is a lack of studies that directly investigate how infrastructure major regions of Uganda. The study was conceptualized basing on World
improvements affect unpaid work, e.g. the time spent on domestic services Health Organization quality of life BREF (WHOQOL-BREF). Ordinal
and care and on commuting to work. Our work fills this gap in the research logistic regression was used to determine the factors associated with
by studying this issue in the context of Ghana and Tanzania utilizing the physical health. Results: Physical health was good (OR=3.64; p<0.001)
framework of the Levy Institute Measure of Time and Income Poverty. Our among OPs who controlled their household assets or their spouses
macroeconomic model with microsimulation allow us to investigate (OR=4.47; p<0.001) relative to those whose assets were controlled by
gendered economic processes and outcomes at the macroeconomic and children and among those who engaged in physical activities (OR=2.28;
microeconomic levels. It is a disaggregated and fully articulated p<0.001) compared to those who did not. Conclusion: The findings have
macroeconomic model based on the social accounting matrices for Ghana various policy implications, such as sensitizing them to exercise regularly.
and Tanzania, taking account of intersectoral linkages and external Fred Maniragaba*; Abel Nzabona, Makerere university; John Bosco
constraints, such as balance of payments, that are particularly important for Asiimwe, Makerere University; Emmanuel Bizimungu, International
many developing nations. Food Policy Research Institute, Kampala, Uganda.; John Mushomi
Thomas Masterson*, Levy Economics Institute of Bard College Atwebembeire, Makerere University; James Ntozi, Makerere University;
Betty Kwagala, Makerere University
33. Social-Cultural Processes of Feeding Patterns and Nutrition
Supplement Use in Southwestern Nigeria 33. Pension vieillesse et pauvreté des personnes âgées au Cameroun
Feeding pattern and nutrition supplement use are vital but understudied Au Cameroun, les personnes âgées représentent 5,5% de la population
health behaviours among older persons. As such, in Nigeria, there is a totale estimée à près de 21,6 millions d’habitants en 2014. En 2011, 12,5 %
paucity of data. In five culture groups in Oyo State, Nigeria, 884 de la population âgée de 60 et plus recevait une pension de vieillesse (ILO,
interviewer-administered questionnaire and sixty (60) in depth interviews 2014). Les régimes de retraite au Cameroun se traduisent par une faible
were conducted. Most (74%) elderly eat in three main-meal periods and couverture et faible niveau des pensions, constituant un élément
there is a high (86.2%) consumption of starchy foods. Majority (72.5%) d’explication quant à la pauvreté des personnes âgées. Autrement dit, quel
used supplements and 90.7% used supplements at least once daily. Eating est l’impact des facteurs explicatifs sur le lien entre pauvreté des personnes
more than four times daily (ß = 0.011) and having two meals daily (ß = âgées et pension vieillesse ? Pour répondre à cette question nous mobilisons
0.019) were associated with supplement use. The use of supplements among les données de l’enquête camerounaise auprès des ménages (ECAM) et
the elderly is mostly a result of physicians’ advice for wellness purpose, menons une analyse aux niveaux bivarié et multivairé. Il ressort des
while the feeding patterns of elderly persons reflects various social analyses que les variables cruciales à l’explication de la pauvreté des
processes that occur based on the living arrangements of the elderly. retraités sont le milieu de résidence, le régime de retraite de la CNPS et la
Feeding patterns and nutrition supplement use among the elderly exists maladie.
within a structure of complex interactions. Marcel Nkoma*, Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional
Isaac Adedeji*, University of Ibadan; Kabiru Salami, University of Development
Ibadan
33. Experience of Burden of Care among Adult Caregivers of Elderly
33. Factors Associated with Older Persons’ Physical Health in Rural Persons in Oyo State, Nigeria
Uganda Elderly persons are often unable to fully care for themselves due to their
Introduction: The proportion of older persons (OPs) in developing countries diminished physical capacity. This study aimed to determine the burden of
is increasing with no clear evidence of improvement in physical health. The care experienced by caregivers of elderly persons within the home setting.
aim of this paper was to examine the factors associated with older persons’ The Modified Short Version of the Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) was used

108
to obtain information from 1,119 caregivers selected by multistage cluster that government should be leading the family planning environment but are
sampling from two communities in Oyo State. The caregivers’ mean age open and eager for foreign donors to provide support. Financial support for
was 38.6±8.7 years; 59.8% were females and 78.4% were married. Burden family planning was a key topic with stakeholders emphasizing recent
of care was reported by 74.0% of the caregivers with 28.2% reporting dedicated family planning budget lines as an example of institutionalization
severe burden. Higher odds were reported among caregivers in the rural of NURHI programming. Advocacy groups, as supported by NURHI and
LGA (OR=10.09, 95%CI=5.99-17.01), with poor mental health status other NGOs, have played a key role in securing government financing for
(OR=7.90, 95%CI=4.60-13.57) and caring for dependent elders (OR=2.74, family planning.
95%CI=1.68-4.47). Experience of burden of care was high among the Courtney McGuire*, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Lisa
caregivers assessed. To mitigate caregiver’s burden, a support system like M. Calhoun, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Tolulope
introduction of medical and social geriatric centers within the community is Mumuni, University of Ibadan; Amelia Maytan-Joneydi, University of
required. North Carolina at Chapel Hill; Ilene S. Speizer, University of North
Oludoyinmola O. Ojifinni*, School of Public Health, University of the Carolina at Chapel Hill
Witwatersrand; Obioma C. Uchendu, University of Ibadan
36. Differentiated Service Delivery a Solution to Effective Health Care
35. Urban Hotspots of Vulnerability and Resilience: Kinship and Food Delivery
Security in a Nairobi Slum It was due a low uptake and access of key HIV services with a total of 3.6%
With high urbanization rates, cities in sub-Saharan Africa are contending females and 2.5% males living with HIV (aged 15-24).This led to this
with the growth of slums. These areas are home to large numbers of initiative with a goal to improve ART services for over 100 YPLHIV by
migrants and long-term residents navigating high unemployment, addressing a number of barriers to accessing HIV treatment and care,
inadequate housing, sub-optimal access to basic services including health including stigma and discrimination. A differentiated care model was
and education and food. In this analysis, we examine vulnerability and piloted that was based on the needs of the YPLHIV at Mapale clinic in
coping to buffer against household food insecurity in a slum in Nairobi, Mzuzu. There was a 20% increase in the number of YPLHIV and 100%
Kenya. Conceptually rooted in Sen’s work on “resource bundles,” we draw increase in number of those retained to care from the baseline. This proved
on a unique dataset of 462 single mothers and their extended kin (resident that delivering ART with young positive health care workers with intensive
and non-resident) to address the following questions: 1) What do resource adherence counselling for the unstable offered by peer supporters contribute
bundles look like in this community? 2) Does variation in the composition to an increase in uptake of key HIV services.
of resource bundles explain risk of household food insecurity? and 3) Do Tanaka Chirombo*, Youth and Society; Shyrene Mvula, International
kin strengthen the resource bundle? Our findings suggest that both tangible Community of Women Living with HIV-Malawi Chapter
and intangible resources are important to buffer against food insecurity but
the role of kin in enhancing food security is fairly limited. 36. Employee Perceptions towards Use of off-Site HIV/AIDS
Sangeetha Madhavan*, University of Maryland, College Park Counselling and Testing (HCT) Services: An Empirical Study
This empirical study reports on the perception of employees towards use of
36. Government Stakeholders’ Perspectives on the Family Planning off-site HIV/AIDS services in a retail workplace in South Africa. Through a
Environment in Three Nigerian Cities: Qualitative Findings from the survey methodology, thirty employees were interviewed using a self-
Nurhi Sustainability Study administered questionnaire. Results show ninety four per cent (94%) of the
Using in-depth interviews with key government stakeholders, this study employees have positive perception towards utilisation of external HIV
examines stakeholders’ perspectives on government’s role within the family counselling and testing (HCT) services compared to those offered on-site.
planning environment with a specific focus on how their views reflect the Notable however, is that factors that impact on individual testing behaviours
sustainability of Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI) in the workplace are as those also found in other-non-workplace settings in
programming. Our results demonstrate that stakeholders strongly believe the general society. Thus the study recommends among measures,

109
improving quality of workplace based HCT service provisions, implement Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Yannik
sustainable educational programs to reduce peer stigma and discrimination. Schenk, Université catholique de Louvain
There is also need for companies to plan around facilitating employee use
of public health facilities even when they have on-site services to promote a 37. IPUMS Approach to Harmonizing International Census and Survey
perception of holistic care towards employees. Microdata
Tendai Makwara*, Boston City Campus IPUMS is the world's largest collection of population microdata available
for research and education. The project integrates census data from 98
36. Why National Population Policies Fail: Nigeria as a Case Study. countries into one consistent database. The signature feature of IPUMS is to
Despite policy interventions, Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, harmonize variables across countries and over a fifty year period, so the
is persistently witnessing a positive population growth rate. This creates the same code has consistent meaning across time and place. This paper
need for a critical evaluation of the national population policy climate in describes the methods and approaches developed over years that make it
Nigeria. This paper aims to explain the performance of the national easier to harmonize across data from new types of censuses and surveys.
population policies implemented so far in Nigeria. Using qualitative The aim is to facilitate comparative research by reducing the cognitive and
research method such as online expert interviews, the reasons for the failure logistical burden on researchers, enabling them to focus on analysis. Several
of the most recent population policy in Nigeria, the 2004 National examples of recent research, focusing that conducted by African researchers
Population Policy for Sustainable Development, was carefully examined. It or about African countries will be featured, highlighting those that use
was found out that the limited involvement of the civil society, lack of interesting or novel applications of census data.
political will, and regional peculiarities were the major reasons for the Lara Cleveland*, University of Minnesota; Matthew Sobek, University of
policy failure. Finally, the paper recommends practical measures to realize Minnesota
the effective implementation of the population policy in Nigeria. This study
is strategic at a time like this when the Nigerian government is trying to 37. Cartographie De La Pauvreté Non Monétaire Dans Le District
formulate a revised national population policy. D’abidjan, À Partir Du Rgph 2014 De La Côte D’ivoire
Olutomiwa A. Binuyo*, Higher School of Economics, Moscow La Côte d’Ivoire est l’un des pays d’Afrique où la pauvreté a connu une
remontée importante. Des enquêtes sur le niveau de vie des ménages
37. L'utilisation des micro-données de recensements pour estimer les révèlent qu’à Abidjan, capitale économique de la Côte d’Ivoire, le taux de
flux migratoires en Afrique : procédures de calculs et modélisation. pauvreté est passé de 14,9% en 2002 à 22,7% en 2015. Le caractère global
Nous montrons comment traiter les micro-données exhaustives des séries de de ces études antérieures présente Abidjan comme une ville mieux nantie
recensements disponibles pour analyser les migrations internes (entre que les autres au détriment des populations vivant dans des zones précaires,
milieux de résidence, entre communes ou autre unité géographique) et, le dont la visibilité aurait permis la mise en place de programmes spécifiques.
cas échéant, l’immigration internationale. Un modèle de régression est Où se localisent donc géographiquement ces poches de pauvreté à Abidjan?
proposé pour lisser les tendances et interpoler les données manquantes ou Quel est le profil de ces ménages pauvres? La présente étude se propose à
partielles, compte tenu des principales caractéristiques socio- travers le Recensement général de la population et de l’habitat de Côte
démographiques. Un algorithme d’apprentissage automatique qui désagrège d’Ivoire réalisé en 2014, de contribuer à la connaissance des conditions de
les données de recensement à un niveau géographique fin (1 km2) est vie des populations vivant à Abidjan.
proposé. Nous montrons qu'il est possible de réduire les variations des Doria Deza*, Institut National de la Statistique, Côte d'Ivoire
agrégats de population à des mouvements migratoires entre ces petites
unités géographiques. Cette technique permet d’analyser les réponses 37. Etudier l’hétérogénéité des territoires nationaux à partir des
migratoires à des chocs restreints localement (sécheresse, pics de données de recensement : L’exemple de la non scolarisation des enfants
températures...). en Afrique
Philippe Bocquier*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Momath Cisse, Les données de recensements permettent de mener des analyses à des

110
niveaux infra-nationaux variés. Du fait de l’exhaustivité des données, il est Widzani Judith Amos*, university of Botswana; Enock Ngome,
ainsi possible d’aborder les différences que présentent certains indicateurs University of Botswana
cruciaux à l’intérieur d’un pays. A partir de l’exemple des enfants qui
restent à l’écart du système éducatif, nous présentons ici une analyse 38. Substance Use Cascade among Youth in Six Southern Africa
spatialisée des différences entre zones administratives, en milieu rural et Countries: Prevalence and Risk Factors
urbain, pour les filles et les garçons, dans cinq pays (Mali, Sénégal, Burkina Youthful substance use is a serious health concern because of the short and
Faso, Ouganda, Madagascar). Ce travail porte sur les derniers recensements long time outcomes for individual engaging in it. We used the Need
disponibles dans les quatre premiers pays. A Madagascar, sans données de Assessment and Baseline Survey data in six Southern African countries to
recensement récentes, nous avons choisi l’enquête permanente auprès des examine substance use cascade among youth in six Southern African
ménages de 2010, qui permet également des analyses au niveau district. Ce countries by using a binary logistic regression method of analysis. The
travail nous amènera à discuter de l’accès aux données à différents niveaux cascade analysis results showed that substance use among Young people is
administratifs, des nouvelles possibilités d’analyse qui en découleraient, et declining in all countries except for Lesotho where no change was
de la comparabilité de l’hétérogénéité mesurée entre découpages observed. The cascade analysis also showed that a there’s possibility of
administratifs. substance reduction in all the six countries, The multivariate analysis,
Valerie Golaz*, INED; Sidy Boly, INSTAT; Adjibou Barry, Agence showed that Female Young people were less likely (OR=0.52, 95%
Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Christian CI=0.36-0.76) to be currently using substance. Young people with
Kakuba, Makerere University, Centre for Population and Applied secondary education are more likely (OR=1.60, 95% CI=1.05-2.43). The
Statistics; Dramane Boly, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population findings from this study calls for actions against substance use for all the
(ISSP); Rakotomanana Faly, INSTAT; Coulibali Aminata, INSTAT; subgroups of Young people that are most vulnerable.
Ravelo Arsène, INSTAT; Frédérique Andriamaro, Université Catholique Ololade O. J. Baruwa*, North West University; Christine Chawhanda,
de Madagascar; Valérie Delaunay, Institut de Recherche pour le Wits University; Jonathan Levin, University of the Witwatersrand; Latifat
Développement (IRD); Richard Marcoux, Université de Laval Ibisomi, Wits University

38. Level of Use of Marijuana among Youth Aged 12-19 Years in 38. “Rethink Your Third Drink”: a Longitudinal Analysis of the
Botswana Relationship between Depression and Binge Drinking among Young
BACKGROUND Use of marijuana in Botswana is illegal but its use has Males in South Africa
gained momentum over the years especially among the youth as well. Mental health issues and alcoholism both compromise the development of
Literature on its use in Botswana is limited hence the need to determine the youth. The objective of this study is to examine the association between
level and determinants of use of marijuana among youth in Botswana. depression and binge drinking among young males in South Africa. This is
METHODS The nationally representative 2013 Botswana AIDS Impact a longitudinal study of young males (15- 24 years old) who responded to
Survey (IV) data was used to determine socio- demographic factors consuming alcohol in the SA NIDS. A total of 596,251 participants with
associated with use of marijuana among the youth in Botswana. Using a complete data for alcohol consumption and recent experiences of
weighted sample of 1163, SPSS version 25 was employed to identify psychological distress were identified at Wave 1 (2008) and followed-up to
determinant associated with marijuana use. Using univariate, bivariate and Wave 3 (2012). Results show that binge drinking increased, with a
logistic regression models. RESULT Results revel that use of marijuana prevalence of 34% among younger youth in 2008 to almost 50% in 2012.
among the youth in Botswana is still estimated at 1.3% of the youth For older youth, binge drinkers increased from 27% in 2008 to 47% in
respondents. At multivariate level, almost all youth respondents are less 2012. Reported depression declined from 26.52% in 2008 to 15.07% in
likely to use marijuana. CONCLUSION The use of marijuana among youth 2012. Depression in Wave 1 was found to increase binge drinking among
aged 12-19 years in Botswana is low (1.3%). males in Wave 3 (coefficient of 0.1102, p-value=0.045).
Nicole De Wet - Billings*, University of the Witwatersrand

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38. The Effect of Family and Neighbourhood Social Capital on Youth 39. Under-Five Death and Uptake of Health Interventions for
Mental Health in South Africa Subsequent Children: Evidence from High Mortality Settings in Sub-
Despite the prevalence of mental illness in South Africa, few studies using Saharan Africa
national representative data have examined its correlates, especially among Research discourse about effects of child mortality on subsequent fertility
youth. The inconclusive relationship between social capital and a number of has identified behavioural replacement as a potential mechanism. Available
youth developmental outcomes has been previously documented. evidence from high mortality settings of sub-Saharan Africa supports this
Mechanisms through which social capital influences mental health of youth hypothesis. Extending the argument further, an empirical question of
in South Africa remain unclear. In addition, there is little evidence on the research interest is “does experience of under-five death motivate women in
differences in the way social capital obtained at the family level influences high mortality settings of sub-Saharan Africa to seek preventive and
mental health compared to social capital at the community level. Using the curative health interventions for their subsequent children? We plan to
National Income Dynamics Survey data for South Africa, we examine these conduct exploratory analyses using reproductive history data from
associations among 2,307 youth aged 15-24 across the four waves. demographic and health surveys conducted in selected sub-Saharan Africa
Multilevel logistic regression with lagged social capital variables was used countries from year 2015 onward. Outcome variables would include the
to examine these associations. Social capital at the family level measured by following health and survival interventions for the index child: vaccination,
household income increased the odds of incident depression. At the use of insecticide treated net, treatment of malaria, diarrhoea and symptoms
community level crime was associated with higher odds of incident of acute respiratory tract infections. The findings would be very useful to
depression. inform health education and awareness campaigns on child survival in sub-
Oluwaseyi Somefun, University of the Witwatersrand; Arlette Simo Saharan Africa.
Fotso*, World Bank Group Joshua O. Akinyemi, University of Ibadan; Sunday Adedini*, University
of the Witwatersrand; Sanni Yaya, Faculty of Social Sciences, University
39. Urban Governance, Territorial Distributive Justice and the Political of Ottawa, Canada
Ecology of Malaria Prevalence in Nigeria
This study investigates the spatial prevalence of disease in urban Nigeria as 39. Démographie et Formation du capital humain
a reflection of the population’s residential habitat quality and the Cette communication analyse le rôle de la fécondité sur la santé de l’enfant
distributional pattern of healthcare resources. Both factors are en utilisant les EDS 2004 et 2011 du Cameroun. En particulier, elle (1)
conceptualized as products of urban governance and corollaries of territorial estime les déterminants de la fécondité par l’approche du ivprobit dans
distributive justice. Secondary data on clinically-diagnosed cases of laquelle la fécondité est considérée comme un régresseur endogène lié à la
malaria, population, and the location of healthcare facilities in the study présence des jumeaux, (2) présente l’effet de la fécondité sur la santé de
area were subjected to various statistical and descriptive analyses. The l’enfant. Les résultats montrent que l’éducation maternelle, avec la présence
results show a bias in the distribution of the facilities against high density des jumeaux, diminue la fécondité mesurée par l’espacement des naissances
residential neighborhoods populated mostly by the less affluent and an ; deuxièmement, la fécondité affecte la santé de l’enfant mesurée par le
inverse relationship between the availability of health facilities and disease retard de croissance. Aussi, l’assistance prénatale accroit la santé de
prevalence. The relationship was however not statistically significant. l’enfant. Il est proposé aux gouvernants des solutions visant à : a) accroitre
Conscious urban planning efforts, rather than politics and economic le taux de scolarisation des femmes, b) fournir les centres de santé en
considerations, are suggested to address the inequalities in environmental personnel qualifié, matériels et équipements, c) favoriser un seuil
quality and the distribution of healthcare facilities as both were found to d’accouchements qui garantisse le bien-être des enfants.
influence health outcomes in the study area. Saint Hilaire Ebanda, Université de Yaoundé II Soa; Claude Mbarga*,
Yemi Adewoyin*, University of Nigeria, Nsukka IFORD

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39. Association between Childhood Socioeconomic Status and Adult 40. Les zones urbaines ont-elles toujours des avantages par rapport aux
Health in Botswana: A Cross-Sectional Study zones rurales en matière de discontinuité des soins prénatals chez les
Studies have shown that childhood socioeconomic status is a powerful adolescentes en Afrique centrale ?
predictors of adult health.However, little is known about the association En Afrique centrale, une faible proportion des femmes qui effectuent au
between childhood SES and adult health in Botswana..Using data from the moins une visite prénatale, nombre d’entre elles n’y reviennent plus assurer
survey on ''Chronic Non Communicable Diseases in Botswana attempt is la continuité des soins prénatals. Cette discontinuité des soins prénatals est
made to study the association between the childhood socioeconomic status un danger pour la santé maternelle. À partir des données des enquêtes
and adult health. The adult health is defined as the prevalence of selected démographiques et de santé collectées entre 2007 et 2016 dans 7 pays
non-communicable diseases and associated risk factors. Findings indicate d’Afrique centrale, l’étude analyse les différences urbain/rural en matière de
that childhood socioeconomic circumstances have an independent effect on discontinuité des soins prénatals. Bien que dans la majorité de pays, les
adult health. Poor childhood SES was found to be linked with alcohol zones urbaines présentent des avantages considérables en termes de
consumption, poor fruit and vegetable consumption, discontinuité, il existe cependant un pays où les différences urbain/rural ne
smoking,overweight/obesity, and hypertension. Further research is needed- sont pas significatives, de même qu’un pays atypique (Rwanda) où la
especially longitudinal studies to understand the process of how the discontinuité est plus importante en zones urbaines comparées aux zones
socioeconomic conditions over the life course associated with the health of rurales. L’étude apporte une contribution pour une prise des disparités dans
individuals in the context of Botswana. la discontinuité des soins pendant la grossesse dans les politiques de santé
Mpho Keetile*, University of Botswana; Kannan Navaneetham, maternelle ciblant les adolescentes en Afrique centrale.
University of Botswana; Gobopamang Letamo, University of Botswana; Franklin Bouba Djourdebbé*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche
Serai Daniel Rakgoasi, University of Botswana Démographiques (IFORD)

40. Correlates of Antenatal Care Usage and Timing among Adolescent 40. Variations in Antenatal Care Initiation Patterns among
Mothers in Nigeria Reproductive Age Women in Sub-Saharan-Africa: Event History
Adolescent mothers’ utilisation of antenatal care services in Nigeria is low, Analysis Methods Approach
despite the fact that they require healthcare for optimal pregnancy Despite global commitment and mounting investment in improving
outcomes. Therefore, this study examined selected correlates of adolescent maternal and neonatal survival, inequities in antenatal care (ANC)
mothers’ antenatal care utilisation in Nigeria. It used pooled data from the attendance persist especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Though factors
women’s recode dataset of the Nigeria DHS between 2003-2013, with a associated with ANC are well documented, there is little evidence on
weighted sample size of 3,208. Data were analysed using frequency variations at the global level in sub-Saharan Africa. Using data from the
distributions, chi square and binary and multinomial logistic regression. most recent demographic and health (2006-2018) from thirty-six countries,
Results showed that being at 16 or older at birth, having at least primary the current study examined variations in the ANC initiation among 262,207
education, rich wealth status and participating in healthcare decision- reproductive age women in sub-Saharan Africa. Descriptive analyses
making increased chances of antenatal care use among adolescent mothers, showed that during their last pregnancies, 10.8% of SSA females did not
while mothers with secondary and higher education, and those who receive any ANC services and only 33.8% initiated ANC checkup within
participated in healthcare decision-making were more likely to book early the first trimester of pregnancy. Multivariate modelling based on discrete-
for antenatal care. Therefore, attention must be given to adolescent mothers time logit models showed significant variations in ANC initiation patterns
from lower socioeconomic strata with low decision-making ability to enable according to all the study covariates. Controlling for other factors, the
them access antenatal care optimally. chances of ANC initiation were higher in urban areas, among French-
Christiana A. Alex-Ojei*, University of the Witwatersrand; Clifford O. speaking countries, and among educated, primiparous and wealthier
Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand women.

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Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan; Fidelia A. A. Dake*, University of correlated with human development.
Ghana; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo, Federal University Oye-Ekiti Nompumelelo Nzimande*, University of KwaZulu-Natal

41. Understanding the Demographic Dividend in Ghana, Sierra Leone 41. Which Policies Promote a Demographic Dividend? An Evidence
and the Gambia: A Prospect or Missed Opportunity? Review
Objective: This study comparatively investigates the onset of the The demographic dividend (DD) has captivated the attention of
demographic dividend (DD) in Ghana, Sierra Leone and The Gambia. The policymakers globally. Policymakers in high-fertility countries are seeking
paper attempts to examine the onset of DD in the three countries to inform guidance on specific actions that will help their countries achieve the DD.
relevant policy actions to reap its benefits. Methodology: The study uses the To help countries prioritize investments, this review assesses the literature
National Transfer Accounts Approach to examine the demographic on specific policy interventions across sectors that explicitly contribute to
transition alongside economic development in each country to determine the achievement of a DD. Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria and were
commencement of the DD and its implications for policy action. Results: reviewed, including seven studies quantifying the contribution of policy
While the DD of Ghana started in 1980 and expected to end in 2025, that of interventions to the DD and four qualitative policy assessments. Our review
The Gambia and Sierra Leone began in 1990-2000 and 2003 respectively, of the literature suggests that evidence around the contribution of specific
estimated to end by 2050. This calls for strategic investments in productive policy changes to attainment of the DD is limited. This is an important area
sectors to position the countries to reap the benefits of the DD. Conclusion: for further study, as policymakers continue to seek evidence-based
The analysis suggests that the onset of the DD could be a prospect or recommendations to inform decision-making. As countries incorporate the
missed opportunity which will vary across the three countries. DD into national development strategies, it is important to continue to build
Stephen O. Kwankye*, University of Ghana; Eric Arthur, Kwame and clearly articulate the evidence base for policy recommendations.
Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST); Faustina Kaitlyn Patierno, Population Reference Bureau; Smita Gaith, Population
Frempong-Ainguah, Regional Institute for Population Studies/University Reference Bureau; Elizabeth Leahy Madsen*, Population Reference
of Ghana; Eugenia Amporfu, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Bureau (PRB)
Technology, Kumasi
41. Savings Models and the Demographic Dividend
41. Demographic Dynamics of South Africa’s Youth: Still Searching for In the demographic dividend literature, a large proportion of the theoretical
the Demographic Dividend benefit to reducing fertility rates comes from increased savings by families
South Africa is in the latter stages of the first demographic transition (FDT) with fewer children, leading to higher investment and increased formation
– yet already depicts aspects of the second transition. South Africa’s youth of productive capital. However, conflicting evidence on the magnitude of
are at the centre of this transition. The population census of 2011 show an the effect of reduced fertility on savings rates, in addition to a range of
age structure of South Africa that is characterised by a larger proportion of models on how those savings translate into investment, means the
15-35 year olds (37.6% of the total population). This age structure, with importance of this major theoretical channel is unclear. In this paper, we use
adequate investments - is expected to yield a period of economic growth a recent macrosimulation model from Canning, Karra, and Wilde (2017) to
resulting from reduced dependency ratio. However, improved health care, estimate the overall effect of savings under different, commonly used
investments in human development and higher employment opportunities savings and investment assumptions. We find that changes in savings only
are required to harness the benefit. This paper aim to explore the national contributes greatly to the demographic dividend under few and often
and provincial preparedness of South African youth to contribute to unrealistic model assumptions, meaning that caution is warranted when
economic growth of the country. In particular, we will focus on past, using this channel as a rationale for promoting fertility decline.
present and future demographic factors such as sex ratio; youth mortality Joshua K Wilde*, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research;
and morbidity; and youth fertility levels as these factors are highly Mahesh Karra, Boston University

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43. Géo référencement des données : Approche pour la précision des of a population and housing census. Innovative modeling approaches to
recensements du cycle 2020 – Cas du Sénégal et de la Côte d’Ivoire generate population estimates are gaining increasing attention for use in
Les recensements de cycle 2020, font recours à la technologie géo spatiale. such conditions. Modelling techniques that integrate satellite imagery,
Quels sont les avantages et les contraintes d’une telle approche ? Le présent remote sensing, microcensus and survey data offer promise for closing
article se propose de répondre à cette question à travers l’expérience du coverage gaps, by enabling governments to estimate basic population
Sénégal et de la Côte d’Ivoire dans l’utilisation de la méthode de géo parameters from partial data. These developments are important for
référencement des données pendant les différentes phases d’un estimating population numbers, but do not replace the comprehensive data
recensement. L’objectif poursuivi est de contribuer à la valorisation de on population characteristics that are generated by a traditional census.
l’usage du géo référencement des données lors de la mise en œuvre des UNFPA’s Strategy for the 2020 Census Round has been developed from a
recensements du cycle 2020. Il s’agit spécifiquement de : (i) Présenter critical analysis of lessons learned during the 2010 round and in response to
l‘apport des images satellites lors de la cartographie censitaire ; (ii) montrer new global development frameworks. The strategy focuses on strengthening
l’importance de la collecte de données géo référencés lors de la cartographie national capacities to generate, analyze, disseminate and utilize high quality,
censitaire et du dénombrement ; (iii) mettre en évidence l’apport des timely, relevant, and disaggregated geo-referenced census data to inform,
données géo référencés dans le contrôle qualité du dénombrement ; (iv) implement, monitor, and evaluate sustainable development policies, plans
présenter quelques indicateurs susceptibles d’être calculés suite à la and programmes for the public good.
collecte. Rachel Snow, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Sabrina Juran,
Doria Deza*, Institut National de la Statistique, Côte d'Ivoire; Papa United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Tapiwa Jhamba*, United
Djibril Ba, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
(ANSD)
44. Enregistrement des naissances à l’Etat-civil au Sénégal
43. Du recensement classique au recensement numérique : l'expérience Reconnu comme un droit fondamental et universel, la déclaration des
du Cameroun dans le cadre du 4ème Recensement Général de la naissances à l’état civil constitue l’un des premiers actes de reconnaissance
Population et de l'Habitat officielle de l’existence d’un individu. Cependant, près de 50 millions
Avec les progrès technologiques, la collecte classique sur supports papiers d’enfances de moins de ans à travers le monde ne jouissent pas de ce droit.
cède progressivement la place à la collecte digitalisée. Cette approche Cette étude vise à terminer les facteurs qui influencent l’enregistrement à
novatrice offre de nombreux avantages. Elle soulève également de l’état civil avant 5 ans mais également leur variation selon le milieu de
nombreux défis, bien que les Nations Unies encouragent les pays à utiliser résidence des ménages par une analyse multiniveau basée sur un modèle de
de plus en plus cette nouvelle approche afin de réduire les délais de régression logistique avec les données l’EDS de 2017. Les données révèlent
publication des résultats des recensements. Le Cameroun a opté pour la que la proportion de la jeune génération ne possédant ni le bulletin de
collecte digitalisée des données du Quatrième Recensement Général de la naissance, ni le jugement supplétif est près d’un quart des enfants (23,8%)
Population et de l’Habitat en cours. Cette approche rompt définitivement âgé entre 1 et 9 ans. On note, cependant, que la proportion des enfants de
avec l’approche classique des trois précédents recensements réalisés dans le moins de 5 ans enregistrés à l’état civil a augmenté de 12,3% entre 2014 et
pays. Cette communication a ainsi pour ambition de partager l’expérience 2017.
du Cameroun en matière de collecte digitalisée des données dans le cadre Mamadou Amouzou*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la
d’un recensement général de la Population et de l’Habitat. Démographie (ANSD); Momath Cisse, Agence Nationale de la Statistique
Esther Crystelle Eyinga Dimi*, Bureau Central des Recensements et des et de la Démographie (ANSD)
Etudes de Populations (BUCREP)
44. Enregistrement des naissances a l’Etat Civil : état des lieux et
43. UNFPA Census Strategy for the 2020 Census Round analyse de l’évolution de 2012 à 2017 pour évaluer l’efficacité des
Conditions of war, civil unrest, or inaccessibility compromise the coverage politiques publiques d’amélioration des taux d’enregistrement

115
Au Sénégal, se pose le problème de couverture des enregistrements à l’Etat detected an overall birth registration rate of 62,3%. Among children below
civil qui peut varier d’une région à une autre. L’objectif principal de ce the age of 10 it was 60,68%. The national free of charge registration
document est de faire l’état des lieux des enregistrements des naissances et campaign during 2009-10 reduced significantly the backlog of unregistered
des décès à l’état civil de 2012 à 2017 puis une étude des facteurs de risque population. DHS 2010 presented with 76.9% of under-five children
sociodémographiques et économiques basée sur la régression logistique registered at birth. Presently, Burkina Faso is facing the challenges of
avec comme variables explicatives les conditions socio-démographiques et moving to universal and timely registration.
économiques des populations. Les taux d’enregistrements des naissances à Evelina Martelli*, Community of Sant'Egidio; Maria Castiglioni,
l’Etat civil varient de 95,2% à Dakar à 57,7% à Kaffrine selon le dernier Università di Padova; Gianpiero Dalla Zuanna, Università di Padova;
recensement de 2013. Il varie de 82,8% à 8,1% pour les décès et dans les Leonardo Emberti Gialloreti, Tor Vergata University of Rome; Colette
mêmes régions. L’analyse de ces disparités permettra de mesurer l’efficacité Guiebre, Community of Sant'Egidio; Honorine Medah Dabiret, Ministry
des politiques d’amélioration des enregistrements à l’Etat civil. of Justice, Human Rights and Civic Promotion; Adriana Gulotta,
B. A. Khady*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie Community of Sant'Egidio; Angela Silvestrini, Istituto Nazionale di
(ANSD); Mahmouth Diouf, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Statistica (ISTAT); Francesco Di Domenicantonio, Community of
Démographie (ANSD) Sant'Egidio; Palmira Gianturco, Community of Sant'Egidio; Maria
Cristina Marazzi, Department of Human Scences, Libera UNiversità
44. The Best of All Worlds: Assigning Causes of Death to Verbal Maria SS. Assunta University, Rome
Autopsy Data Using a Harmonized Medley of Algorithms
The analysis of verbal autopsy data is complicated by the need to select an 45. Mobility and Clinic Switching among HIV Patients Considered Lost
algorithm or reconcile different cause assignments made by different to Follow-up in North-Eastern South Africa
algorithms. We propose a harmonized method that uses three different We assessed the extent of undocumented clinic transfer among HIV patients
methods -- Tariff, InterVA, and InSilico -- within a single algorithm, lost to follow-up (LTFU) by antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation reason
allowing each method to contribute to the estimation. We will compare the in a rural South African setting. We conducted a comprehensive record
results using both simulated and observed data, and use standard methods review for patients categorised as LTFU in 8 clinics within the Agincourt
(such as the chance-corrected CSMF accuracy) to assess the relative Health and Demographic Surveillance System (AHDSS) in rural north-
performance of the different methods. eastern South Africa to ascertain their “true” outcomes. This involved
Samuel J. Clark, The Ohio State University; Jason R. Thomas*, The Ohio reviewing clinic and routine tracing records, comparing against
State University; Richard Li, Yale University; Tyler McCormick, demographic surveillance data, to ascertain migration or mortality events,
University of Washington, Seattle and conducting supplementary tracing for patients for whom an outcome
could not be ascertained. To assess patterns of movement between clinics,
44. Birth Registration Improvement in Burkina Faso over the Last Google maps was used to ascertain decimal degree coordinates for each
Years and Current Challenges. The Contribution of the Bravo! facility where patients were receiving treatment (initially and in the event of
Program a change). We found evidence of continued care characterised by high rates
The first objective of the research is to track the changes occurred in the of undocumented transfers after LTFU and identified local and nationwide
civil status registration of Burkina Faso since the last population census clinic mobility among HIV patients.
(2006). Second, to assess the impact of national policies and pilot actions David Etoori*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Alison
currently implemented in the country. Data on birth registration of the Wringe, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM);
Burkinabé population from four sources will be analyzed: the 2006 Brian Rice, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Jenny
population census; the 2006 MICS; the 2010 DHS; and the 2014 EMC. The Renju, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College; Georges
projects currently implemented in the country, namely EDEN, iCivil, and Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM)
BRAVO!, will be also investigated. Burkina Faso’s 2006 population census

116
45. Baisse De La Prevalence Du Vih Au Tchad Entre 2005 Et 2015: Research Unit (RMPRU); University of the Witwatersrand; Nicole De Wet
Effet De Composition Ou De Performance ? - Billings, University of the Witwatersrand
En près de 25 ans, le VIH/SIDA s’est répandu pratiquement dans toute
l’Afrique subsaharienne avec 66% des cas d’infection par rapport à 45. Adult Life Expectancy in the Antiretroviral Treatment Era:
l’ensemble du monde. Le Tchad fait partie des pays où l’épidémie du VIH Evidence from Four Population-Based HIV Surveillance Studies in
demeure encore un problème de santé publique. De 3,3% en 2005, le taux Uganda, Malawi and South Africa.
de prévalence du VIH a diminué à 1,6% en 2015 (EDST-MICS 2014-2015). Few studies directly measure the population-wide impact of antiretroviral
Cette baisse de séroprévalence a donné une lueur d’espoir à l’ensemble des therapy (ART) on HIV related mortality in Africa. We describe (i) trends in
acteurs de lutte contre l’épidémie en ce qui concerne la fin du VIH. Reste à adult life expectancy (LE) at age 15, (ii) the LE gains attributable to ART,
savoir si ce résultat est dû à la performance du système de santé ou à and (iii) the remaining LE deficit due to HIV in four population-based HIV
l’évolution du poids démographique. Cette communication vise d’une part à surveillance sites. We fit a model of age-specific HIV incidence and natural
décrire les sources de changement social intervenu durant cette période à survival to estimate counterfactual LE trends in the absence of ART and use
travers la méthode de décomposition (simple et avancée) et d’autre part à that to derive the gains attributable to ART. Estimates are disaggregated by
identifier les facteurs explicatifs de ce changement par la méthode de la sex and span the years 1985 to 2015. Total or gross LE gains range between
régression logistique. 6 and 17 years and are larger for women than men. LE gains are largest in
Kebmaki Vincent Nguezoumka*, Cellule d’Appui à la Recherche et à eastern Africa, where HIV prevalence declined prior to ART availability,
l’Enseignement des Institutions Francophones d’Afrique (CARE- but the net effect of ART is largest in South African sites, where LE would
IFA)/IFORD; Chérif Togbanan, Bureau d'Appui Santé et Environnement; have continued to decline without ART.
Jean-Yves Gatou, Fonds de Soutien aux Activités en matière de Georges Reniers*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine
population; Lakiné Fadene, Programme Sectoriel de Lutte contre le Sida et (LSHTM); Kathryn Risher, London School of Hygiene and Tropical
les IST Medicine; Jeff Eaton, Imperial College London

45. Coverage of HIV Chronic Co-Morbidities among Adults in South 46. Exploring Strategies for Investigating the Underlying Mechanisms
Africa: A Population-Based Study Linking Climate and Child Health
People living with HIV (PLHIV) are at an increased risk of developing The goal of this paper is to isolate and examine the differential pathways
additional chronic conditions globally. This study determines the levels and that connect climate/weather variability to child health outcomes. This goal
types of chronic comorbidities developed by economically active adults (18 will be accomplished through the application of climate indicators designed
– 65 years old) diagnosed with HIV in South Africa. A retrospective to capture the complexities of different climate related risks and isolate their
analysis of longitudinal data from the National Income Dynamics Surveys impacts based the timing and duration of exposure. Specifically, we focus
(NIDS) is conducted. The data comprises of five waves between 2008 and on infant birthweight with attention to local weather conditions and climate
2017. Preliminary descriptive results show that 10.4% of the adult extremes associated with the three most frequently posited potential drivers
population were HIV positive. This increased to 16% Wave 3; 20.8% Wave of adverse health outcomes: heat stress, malaria, and food insecurity. We
4 and 42.4% at Wave 5. Common chronic comorbidities for PLHIV at each focus this study on Mali where seasonal trends facilitate the use of different
of these waves were high blood pressure and asthma. The prevalence of measures to capture different aspects of climate/weather. Results indicate
high blood pressure among PLHIV was highest (16.3%) at wave 3. that measures of heat stress and malaria have different impacts on
Preventing high blood pressure among PLHIV is a public health concern birthweight outcomes that vary according to exposure timing. Results also
because it is risk factor for several other chronic conditions such as indicate that measures of food insecurity are consistently associated with
diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke. lower birth weights.
Motlatso Rampedi-Godongwana*, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Kathryn Grace*, University of Minnesota, Twin Cities; Andrew Verdin,
Institute of Social Research and Data Innovation, University of Minnesota;

117
Frank Davenport, University of California, Santa Barbara; Greg Husak, on climate change.
University of California, Santa Barbara; Chris Funk, University of Angela Baschieri*, UNFPA; Daniel Schenzul, United Nations Population
California, Santa Barbara Fund (UNFPA); Linda Lammensalo, United Nations Population Fund
(UNFPA)
46. Choosing between Environmental Conservation and Survival:
Livelihoods and the Environment Risks in Rural Zimbabwe. 46. Linking the Implementation of the Nationally Determined
This study explores how the livelihood strategies of people in the Chivi Contributions (NDCs) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in
district in Zimbabwe impact on the environment. In addition, the study East Africa: Perspectives and Experiences of Population, Health and
examines how humans have interacted with the environment during this era Environment Integration
of limited sustainable livelihood options in Zimbabwe. This study employed In 2015, the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs)
a qualitative research methodology. Data was gathered through face to face became the instrument for implementing the Paris Climate Agreement. In
in-depth semi-structured interviews and data was analysed through thematic the same year, the UN General Assembly adopted the 2030 SDGs Agenda,
analysis. Findings from this study suggest that poor communities have which are meant to be implemented through national strategies for
resorted to environmentally hazardous activities to earn livelihoods. Illegal sustainable development. Meeting both agendas requires unprecedented
mining of minerals such as gold and chrome, sand mining, brick moulding, cooperation and collaboration among all sectors and stakeholders. It is clear
and traditional craft making were found to be very common among the rural there is a need for increasing attention to more effective approaches which
poor who are facing high levels of unemployment. Additionally, there are facilitate multisectoral integration efforts across policies and programs that
gaps in environmental regulation and protection to enable sustainable transcend traditional vertically-oriented programming to address interrelated
livelihoods. This study recommends a bottom-up formalisation in the challenges, strengthening community and household resilience. The
extraction of natural resources to enable effective environmental regulation, presentation will: elaborate the connections between NDC and SDGs;
rehabilitation and protection. provide East African country insights in implementation challenges and;
Mavis Macheka, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Pranitha Maharaj, share insight on how an integrated population, health and environment
University of KwaZulu-Natal; Divane Nzima*, University of KwaZulu- approach creates opportunities to explicitly link SDGs and NDCs using
Natal examples from Health of People and Environment in the Lake Victoria
Basin (HoPE-LVB) initiative.
46. Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights, Gender and Climate Kabiswa Charles*, Ecological Christian Organisation
Change Resilience
Climate change is about justice, as those most vulnerable to the changing 47. The Impact of a School-Based Menstrual and Reproductive Health
climate have contributed the least to the problem. The impact of climate Intervention on Education and Health Outcomes of Adolescent Girls in
change is disproportionately concentrated in the global south. Within Kilifi, Kenya
countries, those most vulnerable to climate change and natural disasters are The onset of puberty is a vulnerable time for girls during which they are
the poorest communities, where especially women and girls and other exposed to a myriad of external pressures which are exacerbated by girls’
marginalized groups are struggling to cope with and adapt even to current lack of reproductive health (RH) knowledge and access to appropriate
climate change impacts. Climate change is already increasing the number of menstrual hygiene management products. The evaluation of the Nia Project
people in emergencies, including those needing emergency reproductive uses a cluster randomized controlled trial design to assess the individual and
health services and/or protection from gender based violence. Young people combined contributions of school-based provision of sanitary pads and
are stepping up the challenge of climate change and their involvement in comprehensive reproductive health education on girls’ education and
combating climate change is crucial. Through ensuring access of reproductive health outcomes. An intent-to-treat analysis was conducted on
adolescents and youth to sexual and reproductive health and rights, gender a sample of 3,276 girls interviewed at the start and end of the 18-month
equality, education and opportunity, they can be empowered to take action intervention. The RH component improved girls’ self-efficacy, gender

118
norms, RH knowledge and attitudes on menstruation. The sanitary pads Sébatien Victoire Nama Djinthe*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche
component improved girls’ ability to properly manage their menstruation. Démographique (IFORD)
Neither the individual nor combined interventions had an impact on school
attendance, exam performance or educational attainment. 47. Determinants of youth employment in three agribusiness models in
Karen Austrian*, Population Council - Kenya; Beth Kangwana, Cameroon: a mixed approach.
Population Council; Erica Soler-Hampejsek What are the determinants of youth employment in three agribusiness
models name: plantations, contract farming/out-grower scheme, and
47. Social Cash Transfers and Youth Development Trajectories in commercial farming? To answer this question, mixed approach is used, for
Lesotho and Malawi the qualitative analysis, we use a focus group discussion. While for the
Social cash transfer schemes have been introduced in many African quantitative analysis, multinomial logit model analysis is used for
countries as a means of addressing poverty and inequality. Some of these regression. For data collection, android tablets are used instead of
schemes target individuals or households on the basis of their extreme traditional research methods as papers based. Tablets offer new capabilities
poverty; others target groups that are deemed vulnerable due to aging (and that get embedded in data collection and research process like location
unable to work) or young (and need investment in their futures). Although, tracking, image/audio/video clicks etc. Based on qualitative analysis results,
there is strong evidence that SCTs address symptoms of poverty in target quantitative questionnaire generated, includes youth individual
populations, these evaluations have focused on targeted beneficiaries. characteristics (age, gender), household levels, and agricultural environment
Understanding poverty through a relational lens, we investigate the and others factors identified from qualitative analysis based on focus group
household dynamics that are influenced by cash transfers. Using a rural discussion. For the case study , we consider 500 youths agri-entrepreneurs
village in Lesotho as a case study, we draw on in-depth interviews with who have participated to the PEA-Junes program in Centre region of
young adults, and with people of diverse ages in grant-recipient households, Cameroon. Previous studies suggest that, youths seem to be attracted more
along with a series of participatory group activities with young people, we to contract farming because it integrate capacity development.
explore how these social cash transfer schemes are reshaping relationships Larissa Nawo*, University of Dschang
between generations within households in rural communities.
Thandie Hlabana*, National University of Lesotho 48. Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems as a Platform for
More Precisely Identifying Causes of Death: Insights from the Champs
47. Efficacité des programmes publics d'emploi en milieu rural au Network
Cameroun. The Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) project
La présente étude se propose d’évaluer l’impact du Programme d’Appui à aims to inform policy to prevent child deaths by adjudicating causes of
l’Installation des Jeunes Agriculteurs (PAIJA) sur le revenu des jeunes death among children under-five years of age in high-mortality countries.
vivants en milieu rural au Cameroun. Pour atteindre cet objectif, nous avons As such, a key objective of CHAMPS is to define population-based rates for
mené une enquête auprès de 250 candidats au financement du PAIJA, dont causes of death through diagnostic and laboratory methods (minimally-
70 bénéficiaires et 140 non bénéficiaires. Au terme de l'analyse par la invasive tissue sampling) nested within population surveillance. CHAMPS
méthode des scores de propension, les résultats indiquent que le programme includes a network of Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems
PAIJA a eu un impact positif et significatif sur le revenu des jeunes (HDSS), which provide the population platform through demographic data.
agriculteurs vivants en zone rurale. Contrairement à ceux qui n’ont pas reçu These data are necessary for estimating population-based mortality rates
l’intervention, le revenu des bénéficiaires a augmenté de 25.9%. En outre, le and contextual information for understanding factors associated with the
programme PAIJA concoure à la lutte contre l’exode rural des jeunes de 18- childhood deaths. Six of the seven sites that constitute the CHAMPS
35ans en milieu rural au Cameroun et favorise leur inclusion financière. network have active HDSS: Mozambique, Mali, Ethiopia, Kenya,
Nos résultats militent en faveur de la pérennisation de ce programme, car il Bangladesh, and South Africa. This presentation will describe the
constitue un véritable instrument de lutte contre la pauvreté. CHAMPS HDSS network, its role in the CHAMPS project, and early

119
results from its efforts to more precisely identify causes of death among behind domestic violence against women with an emphasis on the power of
young children. the knowledge and perception of the women about their international and
Solveig Cunningham*, Emory University; Sunday Adedini, University of constitutional rights. Quantitative data collected in 2015 in the regions of
the Witwatersrand; Melkamu Mengesha, Haramaya University; Abu East and Southwest Burkina Faso are used in this paper. Multivariate
Mohd Naser Titu, Emory Global Health Institute, Emory University; logistic regression is implemented to take into consideration the net effects
Atique Chowdhury, Maternal and Child Health Division, icddr,b; Portia of each factor when controlling the effects of other covariates. Results of
Mutevedzi, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit,Chris this paper can be used to implement actions against domestic violence in the
Hani Baragwanath Hospital; David Obor, KEMRI/CDC Public health zone of intervention of PROSAD project.
collaboration; Thomas Misore, Kenya Medical Research Institute; Uma Zakaliyat Bonkoungou*, GIZ/PROSAD; A. Sathiya Susuman, University
Onwuchekwa, Centre Pour les Vaccins en Développement; Ariel Nhacolo, of the Western Cape
Manhica Health Research Center (CISM); Nega Assefa Kassa, Haramaya
University; Karen Kotloff, University of Maryland School of Medicine 50. A Contextual Analysis of Fertility in Uganda: The Role of Physical
Gender-Based Violence
48. Research Transparency and Data Sharing in Alpha Fertility rates in Uganda have remained high. One potential underlying
Metadata, usually defined as data about data, are important for correct factor is the high prevalence of Gender-Based Violence (GBV). Using data
interpretation of data. Today metadata are often incomplete in Health and from the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey of women of
Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) harmonised datasets. Inspired reproductive age included in the domestic violence module, unadjusted
by the work in the iSHARE project which resulted in the most Poisson and Poisson multilevel analysis is conducted. Women who
comprehensive solution for harmonisation and curation of HDSS data to experienced physical GBV have higher mean CEBs, even amongst factors
date, the Centre in a Box (CiB), we sought to extend its data provenance that have been found to have beneficial effects on depressing fertility rates –
documentation capabilities. Hitherto, these were tool specific thus inflexible women’s involvement in household decision-making, education and age at
for cross platform sharing. We investigated the provision of user friendly first cohabitation. Unadjusted results show the average CEB was 21% and
access to data harmonisation metadata in a network of HDSS studies by 25% higher among women who had experienced less and more severe
applying a semi-automated documentation approach and running a physical GBV, respectively; and 15% and 16% higher CEB in the multi-
requirements elicitation study with data managers and researchers. Proposed level models. Increasing educational levels of women and women’s
metadata and features for a metadata browser software were generally well empowerment as well as the age at first cohabitation cannot be done in
received by interviewees. Plans are underway to develop the metadata silos. The benefit of such may be eroded by the incidence of GBV.
browsing software, manuals and curriculum for guiding/ training users and Sasha Frade*, University of the Witwatersrand; Nicole De Wet - Billings,
maintainers of the metadata system. University of the Witwatersrand; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the
Chifundo Kanjala*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine; Witwatersrand
Jay Greenfield, Thirdmost consultancy; Arofan Gregory, Thirdmost
consultancy; Emma Slaymaker, London School of Hygiene and Tropical 50. Rapports de genre et maintien d’une fécondité forte en Afrique
Medicine (LSHTM); Jim Todd, London School of Hygiene and Tropical centrale
Medicine (LSHTM) Au regard de la stagnation observée dans le déclin de la fécondité au
Cameroun, nous effectuons une analyse qualitative pour apporter des
50. Factors of Domestic violence against women: Correlate women précisions aux données, voire, un éclairage nouveau. Les comportements
right and vulnerability reproductifs des individus se trouvent fortement influencés par des logiques
Many studies have been made on domestic violence but very few sociales, des normes reproductives, ou des rapports de genre au sein de la
considered women knowledge and perception about their rights. This is a société. Le présent article vise donc à mettre en évidence à travers une
research action study aiming to examine the main sociocultural factors analyse qualitative centrée sur des focus groups, quelques éléments

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qualitatifs explicatifs du niveau actuel de fécondité au Cameroun. Nous termination processes in countries where abortion is highly legally restricted
mettons en exergue deux logiques de pensées et d’agir qui diffèrent suivant in Latin America and the Caribbean and sub-Saharan Africa. Understanding
le contexte dans lequel l’individu évolue, notamment, dans deux pays aux what aspects of available abortion options women prioritize in determining
niveaux de développement différents : le Cameroun et la France. Nos where, when, and how to terminate can enable stakeholders to better meet
résultats montrent qu'au sein d’un même pays, des régions de résidence women’s abortion needs to the full limit of the law and ensure access to
différentes (urbaines et rurales), se dessinent des comportements différents safer options within a harm reduction framework for abortions obtained
de fécondité. outside legal indications.
Marie-Audrey Sonzia Teutsong*, Université de Bretagne Occidentale Mara Steinhaus*, International Center for Research on Women; Laura
(UBO); Elise Kacou, IDUP et Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et Hinson, International Center for Research on Women ; Suzanne Bell,
d'Economie Appliquée (ENSEA) Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health; Claire Twose, Welch
Medical Library, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD;
50. Fertility And Number Of Unions: Empirical Evidence From Sub Meroji Sebany, International Center for Research on Women;
Saharan African Countries Chimaraoke Izugbara, International Center for Research on Women
The onset of fertility decline that has occurred late and is pursuing more
slowly in most African countries than in other developing regions (Gerland 51. Drivers of Frequent Induced Abortions and Methods Used among
and al., 2017). Besides that, African countries face a profound change in Women of Reproductive Age in Accra, Ghana: Evidence from Poor
their society in term of union, such as the rise of divorces and separations Urban Settlements
(Clark, 2015), and when we compare Total Children Ever Born (TCEB) Abortion is a leading contributor to maternal mortality in Ghana. While
between women who have had one union and women who have had more plethora of studies have examined the determinants of abortion in Ghana,
than one union, we observe a significant higher level for the second group. research is limited on the drivers of repeat induced abortions and methods
Using 88 DHS women sample datasets from 20 sub Saharan Africa used among women in poor urban settlements. We examined the
countries, we make use of Poisson regression to determinate the net effect determinants of repeat induced abortions and methods used for abortion,
of number of unions on fertility outcomes for each country, by using data of 3,043 women who reported ever being pregnant in a broader
distinguishing weak fertility and high fertility. Then we try to measure the study (Willows Impact Evaluation) in poor communities of Accra, Ghana.
contribution of number of union in fertility level using decomposition The zero-inflated negative binomial and multinomial logistic models were
method. employed for the drivers of frequent induced abortions and methods used
Frank Audrey Tchokonthe*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche respectively. Results indicate that frequency of abortion significantly
Demographiques; Honore Mimche, IFORD increases with age and early sexual initiation and decreases with household
wealth, parity and education. Older women were more likely to abort using
51. Influences on Where, when, and How Women Terminate a surgical method relative to medication abortion compared with younger
Pregnancy in Sub-Saharan African and Latin American Countries women. Education and counseling of women on induced abortion and
Where Abortion Is Highly Legally Restricted: A Systematic Review family planning in these areas is necessary.
With increasing availability of medication abortion drugs throughout the Caesar Agula*, University of Ghana, Regional Institute for Population
world, a safer option exists for many women to terminate a pregnancy. Studies; Elizabeth G. Henry , Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health;
However, more than 22,000 women still die each year from complications Patrick Asuming, University of Ghana; Charles Asabere, University of
of unsafe abortion, most often in developing countries where abortion is Ghana, Regional Institute for Population Studies; Mawuli Kushitor,
highly legally restricted. Evidence regarding factors influencing women’s University Of Ghana, legon; Iqbal Shah, Harvard T.H. Chan School of
decision making around abortion and what barriers restrict some women’s Public Health; Ayaga Bawah, Regional Institute for Population Studies
use of safer termination methods is lacking. This systematic review will
provide important insight regarding the factors that influence women’s

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51. Social Network-Based Methods for Measuring Abortion Incidence Suzanne Bell, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health;
in Ethiopia and Uganda Elizabeth F. Omoluabi, Centre for Research Evaluation Resources and
The current reliance on self-reported and health systems data to measure Development (CRERD); Funmilola OlaOlorun*, University of Ibadan;
abortion incidence is complicated by both abortion stigma and the growing Mridula Shankar, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health;
prevalence of out-of-facility abortions. Social network-based methods may Caroline Moreau, INSERM/INED and Johns Hopkins School of Public
overcome these challenges. This paper assesses two nationally Health
representative social-network based methods to estimate abortion incidence
among women in Ethiopia and Uganda: the Network Scale-Up Method 52. A Cross Country Study of Ambient Air Pollution Exposure and
(NSUM) and the Confidante Method. This paper compares abortion rates Associatiated Child Health: Evidences from Sub-Saharan Countries
calculated using these two methods and evaluates these findings in light of Household air pollution (HAP) is usually measured indoors and arises from
the assumptions, advantages and limitations of each approach. The domestic activities of cooking, heating, and lighting. Around 3 billion
confidante method produced higher abortion estimates than the NSUM in people still cook using biomass fuels (such as firewood, agricultural wastes,
Uganda and Ethiopia. Both methods were limited in their ability to account charcoal, coal and cow dung). These cooking practices are hazardous and
for the visibility of abortion in social networks. Social network-based produce a wide range of health-damaging pollutants causing high level
methods show promise in producing improved abortion incidence estimates. household air pollution. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to (i) To
More research is needed to address the limitations of both approaches and access the association of household air pollution on Child morbidity; (ii) To
to better estimate the visibility of abortion among social connections. study the adjusted effect of household air pollution on child mortality at
Elizabeth A. Sully, Guttmacher Institute; Solomon Shiferaw, Addis Ababa individual level covariates; and (iii) To examine the effect of household air
University; Assefa Seme, Addis Ababa University; Frederick Makumbi, pollution on premature births. Methodology: Probit model, Cox-
Makerere University; Simon P. S. Kibira, Makerere University; Lauren proportional hazard model, Kaplan-Meiyer model have been applied to
Firestein, Guttmacher Institute; Selena Anjur-Dietrich, Guttmacher assess the importance of various covariates in the survival times of
Institute; Doris Chiu, Guttmacher Institute; Suzanne Bell, Johns Hopkins individuals or objects through the hazard function.
Bloomberg School of Public Health; Margaret Giorgio*, Guttmacher Labhita Das*; Kailash C. Das, International Institute for Population
Institute Sciences

51. Abortion Incidence and Safety in Nigeria: Evidence of Inequities 52. Tracking mortality changes from health facility data in Sub-
This study seeks to estimate the one-year induced abortion incidence and Saharan Africa: how do hospital deaths differ from home deaths in
proportion of abortions that are unsafe overall and by background Antananarivo (Madagascar)?
characteristics using direct and indirect methodologies. Data come from a All causes and cause specific mortality in sub-Saharan Africa remain poorly
population-based, nationally representative survey of reproductive age known due to the incompleteness of death registration systems and a high
women (15 to 49) in Nigeria. Interviewers asked women to report on the percentage of home deaths. Even though health facility data are increasingly
abortion experiences of their closest female confidante and themselves. A used to monitor changes in disease patterns, they are not representative of
total of 11,106 women of reproductive age completed the female survey; the general population. We take advantage of a death notification system
they reported on 5,772 confidantes. The one-year abortion incidence for that was set up in Antananarivo (Madagascar), to document over time
respondents was 39.4 per 1,000 women aged 15-49 while the confidante (1976-2015) the hidden causes of death that are not usually reported in
incidence was 54.4. Women in their 20s, women with secondary or higher health facility data. In Antananarivo, age at death has increased and the
education, and urban women were the most likely to have had a recent overall proportion of death occurring in health facilities has declined over
abortion. The majority of respondent and confidante abortions were unsafe time. However, these changes have been uneven across causes of death, and
(63.4% and 68.6%, respectively), with young, uneducated, rural women the concordance between cause-specific mortality fractions inferred from
significantly more likely to have had the most unsafe abortions. deaths that occurred in health facilities and those based on all deaths is

122
gradually increasing. However, some deaths remain consistently under- higher than the total workforce but the difference is not as large. The
represented, especially those due to respiratory diseases. workforce age structure of Ghana and Mali show peaks at young women
Yempabou Bruno Lankoande, Institut National d'Etudes around 25 years old but decline to the age around the 40 years old. In
Démographiques (INED)/Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population addition to the production (education), how to retain the workforce is an
(ISSP); Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain; Géraldine important issue to solve the deficit of the workforce.
Duthé*, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED); Anjarasoa Reiko Hayashi*, National Institute of Population and Social Security
Rasoanomenjanahary, Bureau Municipal d'Hygiène de la commune Research, Japan
urbaine d'Antananarivo
53. L’École Formelle Constitue-t-Elle La Meilleure Voie Pour
52. Une Analyse Comparative Public/Privé de l’Efficience Technique l’Acquisition Des Compétences Au Cameroun ?
des Hôpitaux Camerounais L’objectif de cet article est de tester l’hypothèse selon laquelle l’éducation
L’objectif de ce papier est, à partir d’une analyse comparative public/privé, formelle est la meilleure voie pour l’acquisition des compétences
d’estimer l’efficience technique des formations sanitaires au Cameroun, professionnelles. Pour cela, les rendements de l’enseignement secondaire
selon la typologie officielle : Hôpitaux de District, Centres Médicaux professionnel formel sont comparés aux rendements de l’acquisition de
d’Arrondissement et Centres de Santé Intégrés. La méthode DEA est compétences en dehors du système éducatif à partir des données 2010 de
utilisée pour estimer l’efficience technique, et le tobit censuré pour l’Enquête sur l’Emploi et le Secteur Informel (EESI) au Cameroun. Les
l’analyse des sources d’inefficience observée. Les données proviennent de résultats montrent que les rendements de l’éducation formelle sont
la Banque Mondiale à partir de la deuxième enquête Public Expenditures décroissants en fonction du temps alors que les rendements des
Tracking Survey, réalisée en 2010. Nos résultats montrent, globalement compétences acquises en dehors du système éducatif formel, sont
que, 32,23% des formations sanitaires échantillonnées sont techniquement croissants. Ceci montre tout l’intérêt d’affecter de fonds publics en vue
efficientes. Plus spécifiquement, les Hôpitaux de District apparaissent d’inclure l’apprentissage informel dans les politiques nationales de
techniquement plus efficients que les Centres Médicaux d’Arrondissement développement des compétences.
et les Centres de Santé Intégrés. L’analyse comparative public/privé montre Novice Patrick Bakehe*, University of Douala
la supériorité des formations sanitaires privées par rapport à celles
publiques. En outre, nous décelons plusieurs sources d’inefficience : le 53. Human Capital and Labor Productivity: Policy Implications of
faible effectif du personnel permanent, le nombre de lits, la durée du séjour Changing Age-Structures in Five Sub-Saharan African Countries
des patients en hospitalisation. The Canning-Karra-Wilde (CKW) model explicitly incorporates age-
Rosy Pascale Tchouapi Meyet*, Université de dschang; Aloysius Njong structure change into dynamics of the economic production function and
Mom, Université de bamenda; Edokat Tafah, Université de Yaoundé 2; simulates economic output under high fertility and endogenous low-fertility
Désiré Avom, Université de Dschang regimes (Karra, Canning, & Wilde, 2017). In this paper, we take advantage
of the human capital adjustment that is included in the model’s structure to
52. Human Resources for Health and Social Work in Sub-Saharan show the trajectory of labor productivity over time under these scenarios.
Africa - International Comparison of Demographic Aspects We use the model to quantify cost of failure to adequately invest in
The development of workforce in the health and social sector is important education during the age-restructuring of the population. Finally, we
not only for achieving SDGs Goal 3 (Health), but also Goal 8 (Decent consider, relative to estimated economic growth and in light of digital
Work) and Goal 5 (Gender). Based on the 19 Sub-Saharan countries census technologies showing promise for African countries, the cost of community
microdata, it was revealed that the proportion of labour force in health and health programs that could produce the endogenous low-fertility scenario.
social work sector to the total workforce was as high as 4.4% in South Our paper demonstrates the usefulness of the CKW model in illustrating the
Africa, 2.6% in Liberia but the remaining countries are on the low level of effects of policy levers inherent in the model’s underlying economic
0.3-1.6%. Female proportion in health and social work labour force is production function and contributes to better understanding specifications

123
of age-structure change in demographic dividend models. Douglason G. Omotor*, West African Institute for Financial and
Marlene A. Lee*, Population Reference Bureau; Joshua K Wilde, Max Economic Management (WAIFEM), Lagos and Delta State University,
Planck Institute for Demographic Research; Mahesh Karra, Boston Abraka
University
54. The Health Transition among Urban Migrants and Rural Stayers in
53. Alternative Education and Return Pathways for Out-of-School South Africa
Youth in Sub-Saharan Africa Health outcomes are a concomitant feature of the demographic transition in
Africa’s share of the global youth population is expected to increase from Africa, and they are linked to the possibilities of realizing the Demographic
one-fifth in 2012 to one-third by 2050. This youthful population is critical Dividend. We examine blood pressure (BP) and body mass index (BMI) in
for sustainable development. In 2014, there were 25.7 million out-of-school the initial wave of a longitudinal study of approximately 3,000 migrant and
youth (OOSY) of lower secondary school age, and 34.4 million of upper non-migrants age 18-39 years originating in a rural district of South Africa.
secondary school age in SSA. To harness Africa’s population for Among males, hypertension prevalence was estimated to be 17.0% and
sustainable development, it is critical that this population accesses 32.3% among non-migrants and migrants, respectively. Among females, the
education and training. In this paper, we use desk-review approaches and corresponding figures were 11.1% and 22.1%. Mean differences in BMI
the demographic surveillance data to examine: (i) the status of OOSY and were less pronounced although distributions across weight categories
reasons for being out-of-school; (ii) existing models for alternative differed by gender and location. Multivariate results predicting BP and
provision of education and training for OOSY; and, (iii) pathways for out- adjusting for age and BMI show significantly higher hypertension odds in
of-school youth to return to formal education - especially lower and upper among migrants from the origin districts in both men and women. Further
secondary. Our findings demonstrate that a lot of efforts have been put in work (prior to APC) will examine the role of selectivity, urban exposure
place but more remains to be done. Based on the findings, we draw policy and migration itself in determining variation in health outcomes.
implications. Stephen McGarvey, Brown University; Francesc Gomez-Olive, Harvard
Moses Ngware*, African Population and Health Research Center University; Mark Collinson*, University of the Witwatersrand; Chantel
(APHRC) Pheiffer, Brown University; Carren Ginsburg, University of the
Witwatersrand; Stephen Tollman, University of the Witwatersrand;
53. Is There a Life Expectancy Preston Curve for Africa? Sadson Harawa, University of the Witwatersrand; Michael J. White,
The Preston curve (PC) provides a rotation-shaped relationship between life Brown University
expectancy at birth and economic growth. The phenomenon though has
received popularization, there is still a great deal of dispute about the 54. Can Urbanization Improve Household Welfare? Evidence from
mechanisms that lie behind the relationships. This study represents an Ethiopia
empirical contribution to the existing knowledge and debate on the PC Despite pieces of evidence indicating Africa is urbanizing differently,
hypothesis; and searches specifically for PCs for African countries. The empirical evaluations of urbanization on households’ welfare in Africa
study provides insightful statistics and causality. A multivariate statistical remains scant. We merged LSMS-ISA household data and satellite-based
analysis is conducted using longitudinal data; 1970-2018, to explore the night light intensity data to investigate the welfare implication of recent
changing mortality patterns of African countries. A scan at the data-sets and urbanization trends in Ethiopia. Fixed effect estimation results show that
preliminary results show existence of a significant relationship for both urban growth, measured by night light intensity, is associated with welfare
income and education on the one hand, and life expectancy on the other improvement. This pattern holds for both welfare and intermediate labour
hand. The 'Granger' causality narratives present a likelihood of ruling out outcomes of households. We find that one unit increase in night light
alternative explanations of selectivity and reverse causality. The patterns intensity is associated with about 2 percent improvement in household
suggest education a policy priority for improving the health and well-being welfare. Similarly, urban growth improves households’ engagement in non-
of Africans. farm economic activities. However, we also find that the real price of food

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items increased suggesting urban expansion may trigger welfare inequality 55. Child Fostering in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Has Changed over
among households living in a specific community. Our results have Time?
important implications in terms of informing public policy debates on the Child fostering has been documented over time in many parts of sub-
consequences and implication of urban expansion in Africa. Saharan Africa. We know little, however, about how the prevalence of
Tsega Gebrekristos Mezgebo*, Ethiopian Civil Service University; fostering differs across countries and broad regions, nor about how fostering
Kibrom Araya Abay, international livestock research institute; Meron – and its predictors – have changed within countries over time. To explore
Endale, private consultant prevalence, trends, and predictors of child fostering, I leverage
Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data from 132 surveys in 38
54. Population Dynamics, Foreign Direct Investment and Urban countries collected between 1986 and 2017, representing all regions of sub-
Agglomeration in Sub-Saharan Africa Saharan Africa. Preliminary results suggest significant variation in the
This study is aimed to investigate the dynamics of population growth and prevalence of fostering, ranging from 2.8% of children in Sudan to 34.3% in
foreign direct investment (FDI) on urban agglomeration in Sub-Saharan Namibia. Fostering trends have changed significantly over time in the
Africa (SSA). It is worthy to note that SSA consists of 48 counties, and the majority of countries, with nearly one-third of countries experiencing a
study shall employ time-series World Bank data ranging from 1970 to 2017 significant increase over time. Early results suggest that while the
in examining the study objective(s) in the SSA. In the methodology, a panel prevalence of fostering has changed over time in many countries, predictors
pooled ordinary least squares will be utilized in the estimation after testing have largely remained the same.
for the stationarity of the annual time-series. Based on the panel regression Cassandra Cotton*, Arizona State University
result or estimation output, appropriate interpretations that will motivate
robust policy recommendations shall be advised for effective policy making 55. Configuration des ménages et scolarisation au Sénégal
process. Une diversification des configurations familiales s’opère de plus en plus, au
Chigozie Nelson Nkalu*, University of Nigeria, Nsukka gré des changements socioéconomiques et politiques, avec des
conséquences particulières sur la scolarisation. Dans cette recherche, nous
54. La migration des filles et leurs insertions en ville : cas de Brazzaville mesurons l’influence nette des configurations familiales sur la scolarisation.
en République du Congo Pour ce faire, nous utilisons des méthodes d’analyses statistiques pour
Cette communication examine la question de la migration des filles à cerner la relation entre configurations familiales et scolarisation. Ainsi, à
Brazzaville et les problèmes de leurs insertions. La problématique de la partir des données du recensement du Sénégal de 2013, nos résultats
migration est au cœur de l’actualité internationale. La littérature relative à montrent que la scolarisation varie selon la configuration des ménages. En
l’insertion professionnelle des migrantes dans leur localité d’accueil met en effet, les enfants les mieux scolarisés au primaire vivent dans des ménages
contradiction deux hypothèses principales. La première suggère qu’en de très petite taille. En ville, les plus faibles niveaux de scolarisation élevée
raison des difficultés particulières qu’elles éprouvent, les migrantes seraient concernent les ménages de très grande taille. Dans les campagnes par
défavorisées sur le marché de l’emploi rémunéré par rapport aux non- contre, la scolarisation moyenne au cycle moyen et au secondaire s’accroît
migrantes ; la seconde postule que le dynamisme et la motivation des avec la taille du ménage. Du reste, l’élargissement du ménage à d’autres
migrantes leur permet un accès plus facile à l’emploi rémunéré en ville. parents du chef de ménage, améliore la scolarisation pour tous les niveaux
Comment les migrantes se comportent-elles sur le marché de l’emploi ? d’enseignement.
C’est la question qu’aborde cette étude à partir des données du RGPH Jean Pierre Diamane Bahoum*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de
pilote-2018 . Elle va s’appesantir sur les trajectoires, les facteurs d’accès à la Démographie (ANSD); Claudine E. M. Sauvain-Dugerdil, Université
l’emploi, met en évidence des particularités de ces dernières dans la de Genève; Papa Mabeye Diop, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la
principale ville du pays qui regorge à elle seule 37% de la population. Démographie (ANSD); Mahmouth Diouf, Agence Nationale de la
Jovial Oba*, Direction Générale de la Population Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD)

125
55. Family Structure, Poverty And Labor Market Participation 65. Labor Productivity and Fertility – Using the Canning-Karra-Wilde
This paper explores the effects of family structure and family poverty on Model
labor market participation in Cameroon. The third Cameroonian household The workshop will provide hands-on experience in calculation of
survey is used to estimate, from a probit model, the labor market population change and economic outcomes, focusing on labor productivity,
participation of the householder. The results show that: (i) poverty, under two fertility scenarios using the Canning-Karra-Wilde (CKW) model.
belonging to a nuclear family or being widowed/divorced decreases the In the population and development field, among models that attempt to
probability of being unemployed while household size increases this demonstrate the potential demographic dividend resulting from a
probability; (ii) poverty, belonging to a nuclear family or being demographic transition and change in population structure, the CKW model
widowed/divorced increases the probability of working in the informal is the only dynamic model of economic growth over time. Analysis
sector, while belonging to a larger household or to a monogamous or undertaken with the CKW model may be accomplished with the
polygamous marriage decreases that probability; (iii) results on the formal spreadsheet developed by the model’s authors. The Population Reference
sector are the opposite of those of (ii). The main conclusions are that: the Bureau has worked with Karra and Wilde to make the model calculations
solidarity mechanisms within the family reduce pressure in job search and more accessible to researchers who may wish to apply it to other high
the government should act on supporting informal activities with regard to fertility countries. If you would like to participate in this workshop, please
the endogenous relationship between labor market participation and fill out the Expression of Interest Form by Monday, November 4. The link
household poverty. is available in the extended abstract.
Joseph Stéphane Nguidjol Ma'a*, Université de Yaoundé 2; Hibrahim Marlene A. Lee*, Population Reference Bureau
Limi Kouotou, Université de Yaoundé 2; Marie Emeraude Mouaha,
Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development 56. An Investigation into the Socio-Cultural Influences on Adolescent
Maternal Healthcare Utilisation in Nigeria
55. Intergenerational Patterns of Family Formation in Sub-Saharan Adolescent maternal healthcare utilisation has been observed to be low in
Africa Nigeria, and little is understood about the sociocultural factors which have
Is there an intergenerational transmission of family formation in sub- contributed to low levels of utilisation among the youngest mothers. This
Saharan Africa and are the patterns different within the region? Recent study investigated the sociocultural factors which influence adolescent
studies have documented the relationship between different socio-cultural mothers’ use and non-use of maternal healthcare as well as their choice of
factors associated with family formation among young people; however, the healthcare provider. The study used a qualitative method, collecting data via
role of intergeneration regularities in family formation of young people in interviews from fifty-five adolescent mothers, nineteen mothers, six health
SSA is scarce. Examining the social control theory and the life course workers and five community leaders from the West, East and Northern parts
perspective, this paper hypothesizes that youth who experience parental of Nigeria. Findings showed that social and financial support from mothers
cohabitation or divorce would have an elevated risk of divorce or not and partners, as well as cultural healthcare preferences were the major
entering into union. We pooled census data from 6 purposefully selected deciders of whether or not adolescent mothers were able to use healthcare,
countries in SSA which are available through Integrated Public Use and the choice of their healthcare providers. Thus, interventions to increase
Microdata Series (IPUMS)–International, consisting of 3,920,102 young adolescent maternal healthcare utilisation must focus on ensuring social
people aged 15-35. Frequency distributions and multinomial logistic support for adolescent mothers as well as be culturally sensitive.
regression was modelled to examine the association between household Christiana A. Alex-Ojei*, University of the Witwatersrand; Clifford O.
family formation and youth union formation. Results showed that children Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand; Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo,
of parents who were divorced had higher odds of being divorced. Federal University Oye-Ekiti
Oluwaseyi Somefun*, University of the Witwatersrand
56. Income Generation and Empowerment Pathways for Rural Women
of Jagusi Parish, Uganda

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This article contributes to the growing literature on women’s economic The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the
empowerment (WEE) with an empirical analysis of the potential London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP) among female sex
empowerment pathways associated with income generation activities workers (FSWs) in Uganda. The LMUP was translated into Luganda. From
(IGAs) in the context of rural Uganda. A survey was administered to 84 the final Luganda LMUP, three other language versions were created
randomly selected households in Jagusi Parish along with a card sorting (Acholi, Lugisu, and Runyakole), and preliminary field test data were
game (CSG) where women picked locally-framed scenarios of well-being, collected. Final data were collected from 819 FSWs attending the ‘Most at
decision-making and community engagement as ‘experienced’ or ‘aspired Risk Population Initiative’ clinics. The Luganda field testing showed that
to experience’. Surveys were analyzed to determine correlations between there were no missing data, the scale was well targeted, Cronbach’s alpha
IGAs and WEE proxies, while text analysis revealed what characterizes an was 0.82, weighted Kappa was 0.78, the measurement was unidimensional,
‘empowered’ woman in Jagusi. Findings show that some women who earn and all construct validity hypotheses were met. Likewise, with the Acholi,
income experience a degree of economic empowerment through greater Lugisu, and Runyankole translations, field testing showed acceptable
access and claim to assets and agency over key decisions, but many women psychometric measures. We concluded that the Luganda LMUP is a valid
engaged in IGAs are not economically independent relying on their and reliable tool for assessing pregnancy planning among FSWs in Uganda
partners, extended family and community to manage poverty. Gender and that the Acholi, Lugisu, and Runyankole versions of the LMUP also
discrimination and structural poverty remain major barriers to sustained had good initial psychometric properties.
improvements in women’s economic empowerment. Justine Bukenya*, Makerere University; Christine Nalwadda, Makerere
Robin Marsh*, University of California, Berkeley; Chelsea Haley, University; Stella Neema, Department of Sociology and Anthropology,
University of California, Berkeley; Sandra Mirembe, Makerere University Makerere University; Peter Kyambadde, Ministry of Health Uganda;
Rhoda Wanyenze, Makerere University; Geraldine Barrett, Institute for
56. Approche qualitative des inégalités scolaires au secondaire au Women’s Health, University College London, UK
Burkina Faso : points de vue des acteurs et des bénéficiaires
Les démographes ont par le passé beaucoup utilisé les méthodes 57. A Multidimensional Analysis of Child Poverty in South Africa
quantitatives pour expliquer les évènements ou montrer leur ampleur à South Africa has a very youthful population, with any social ills children
travers les indicateurs chiffrés. Cela a certainement permis d’opérer des tend to be the most vulnerable in society, and according to the Men, Women
interventions ciblées afin de réduire les inégalités entre les groupes sociaux and Children Report, published by Stats SA, 70% of the children in South
pour ce qui est des phénomènes démographiques et particulièrement Africa live in poverty. Consequently child poverty tends to have detrimental
l’éducation. Mais ces méthodes n’ont pas permis de résorber ou de mettre consequences on their development and well-being, thus makes it
fin aux inégalités entre les pays ou au sein d’un même pays. Les imperative to have a study that focuses on child specifically. The aim of this
expériences les plus récentes ont montré les limites des données paper is to narrow the gap in the study of child poverty in South Africa,
quantitatives quant à leur capacité à résoudre les problèmes sociaux à cause with the objective to study the multiple overlapping deprivation analysis
des spécificités des peuples, des cultures et mœurs qui les entourent. Ce (MODA) in child poverty, so to understand the deprivation that children
travail utilise les données qualitatives du projet ESSA (Essor de la suffer from specifically. This study will use data from the Living
Scolarisation au Secondaire en Afrique Subsaharienne) réalisées au Burkina Conditions Survey (LCS 2014/15) a nationally representative survey, which
Faso en 2017 pour mettre en exergue les inégalités d’accès et de parcours profiles the poverty experienced by households in South Africa. The finding
scolaire au secondaire. showed that the children were most deprived of education.
Habibou Ouedraogo*, Université Paris Descartes Mbalenhle Dube*, Statistics South Africa

57. Pregnancy Planning among Female Sex Workers in Uganda: 57. Pregnancy Reporting Completeness in HDSS: Results from a
Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the London Measure of Record Linkage Study in South Africa
Unplanned Pregnancy Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems (HDSS) provide valuable

127
empirical insights in low-resource regions for which data is often lacking. contraception, but the interaction between bribery and education, shows that
However, estimates of under-five mortality are often unrealistically low. In corruption fosters social inequality, as the education-driven gap in the use
this manuscript, we evaluate the completeness of pregnancy reports in the of modern contraceptive methods widens when corruption is high.
HDSS through individual-level record linkage with data from medical Arnstein Aassve*, Bocconi University; Francesco Chiocchio, CEMFI;
facilities that serve the HDSS population. Routine programme data from 8 Francesco Gandolfi, UPF; Letizia Mencarini, Università Bocconi
primary health care facilities were probabilistically linked to the Africa
Health and Research Institute HDSS. The clinical data were crosschecked 59. Migration and Fertility in Uganda: Analysis of the 2016 Uganda
with reported pregnancies and pregnancy outcomes in the HDSS. Attributes Demographic and Health Survey
associated with pregnancy under-reporting in the HDSS were investigated There is paucity of information on the fertility of migrants. This paper
with multivariable logistic regression models. 2,040/3,165 (64.45%) of compares the fertility of migrant and non-migrant women in Uganda and
individuals were matched from the clinical data to the HDSS. A substantial also quantifies the factors associated with the migration-fertility differential
proportion of linked records (29.09%) did not have a pregnancy or by analyzing the 2016 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey. This study
pregnancy outcome reported in the HDSS. This is cause for concern, as finds significantly lower fertility among migrants compared to non-migrants
incomplete pregnancy reporting can bias under-five mortality estimates. and observes some differences in the predictors of fertility of migrant
Hallie Eilerts*, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine women and non-migrant women. The decomposition results indicate that
(LSHTM); Georges Reniers, London School of Hygiene and Tropical 51% of the difference in fertility of migrants and non-migrants was
Medicine (LSHTM) associated with variation in the socioeconomic and demographic
composition of the women while the remaining 49% can be attributed to
58. Concept Note variation in fertility behavior of the two groups of women. The major
The purpose of the rountable is to bring together the various stakeholders factors associated with the fertility difference were differences in
involved in addressing vulnerable youth and SRHR and to have an open and composition by; marital status, ideal number of children, ever use of family
frank conversation on the main challenges that are affecting this target planning, education, wealth, current working status and co-wife status.
group and to identify synergies and opportunities of collaboration. The Paulino Ariho*, Kyambogo University; John Mushomi Atwebembeire,
stakeholders include policymakers, civil society organisations, practitioners, Makerere University; Fred Maniragaba; Abel Nzabona, Makerere
and researchers. The vulnerable youth includes youth with disability, university
school-based youth, refugee youth, and at-risk female youth. The
roundtable discussion is also designed to allow an exchange of good 59. Resumed Fertility Decline in Sub-Saharan Africa: What Does
practices and experiences in the field of SRHR, based on regional Happen from a Stalling Point?
perspectives. It will result in the development of policy recommendations This study surveys Sub-Saharan African countries that resumed fertility
that can guide in setting common agendas and jointly tackle the main decline—after a stalled fertility—and, identifies and quantifies factors
challenges related to addressing vulnerable youths and SRHR in Africa. behind this. Understanding the factors affecting fertility in countries that
Yoko Akachi*, NWO-WOTRO restarted the transition to lower fertility would guide the development of
programmes to further the downward trend. The study uses all currently
59. Corruption and Inequality in Contraceptive Use (140) available data from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) carried
The paper shows that corruption affects fertility dynamics in Sub-Saharan out in 41 Sub-Saharan African countries from 1986 to 2017-2018.
Africa. We construct a regional-level bribery measure from Afrobarometer Preliminary survey reveals sixteen cases of resuming fertility decline that
survey data, while we use individual-level DHS data to measure occurred in nine countries. The resuming fertility decline has been running
contraception use and education. The probability of using modern consistently for several inter-survey periods of about five years in Kenya,
contraception decreases as corruption within a region increases. The results Rwanda, and Tanzania. The 2003 and 2014 Kenya DHSs were used as
confirm the strong association between education and higher use of sample. Findings show that variables representing the institutional,

128
socioeconomic and reproductive behaviour account for a 28% reduction in reason to discontinue contraceptive use. Results showed that of the 545 only
current fertility; which could have therefore counted for the resuming 313 remained users by the end of the observation period. The probability of
decline in fertility in Kenya after the 2003’s stall. survival was at 0.842 while the probability of contraceptive failure was
Boladé Hamed Banougnin*, University of Ibadan estimated to be 15.8 %.
Ayaga Bawah*, Regional Institute for Population Studies; Patrick
59. The Stalling Fertility Transition in Ghana: Does the Changing Asuming, University of Ghana; Elizabeth G. Henry , Harvard T.H. Chan
Proportion of Never Married Women Matter? School of Public Health; Caesar Agula, University of Ghana, Regional
Objectives: Ghana’s fertility transition has been characterized by stalling in Institute for Population Studies; Charles Asabere, University of Ghana,
recent decades. which defies research-driven explanation, and quite contrary Regional Institute for Population Studies; Ryoko Sato, Harvard School of
to our understanding of the Demographic Transition Theory. This study Public Health; David Canning, Harvard University; Iqbal Shah, Harvard
examines the contribution of changes in the proportion of ever-married and T.H. Chan School of Public Health
never-married women to the stalling fertility in Ghana. Methodology: This
study uses a decomposition analysis to examine how the changes in the 60. The Demand for Birth Control: Trends and Regional Patterns
proportion of married women based on the 1988-2014 Ghana Demographic The desire to avoid pregnancy -- “demand for birth control” [DBC] -- is an
and Health Surveys could account for the stalling fertility in the country. integral component of standard diagnostic measures of reproductive
Results: The results indicate that decreasing proportions of ever-married success, namely “unmet need for contraception” and “percent demand
women in Ghana are fundamental in accounting for fertility decline in the satisfied”. DBC is simply fertility preferences (desire to have another child
country. However, the increase in never-married fertility offsets the pace of soon, later, or not at all) and is NOT tantamount to a demand for
overall fertility decline in Ghana, hence the stalling. Conclusion: contraception. This paper will provide a comprehensive portrait of trends in
Childbearing before marriage is important in understanding Ghana’s DBC over the course of fertility decline. The contribution of the paper will
fertility transition and should be accounted for in studies on fertility be three-fold: (1) A rigorous examination of trends in the demand for birth
transition in sub-Saharan Africa. control, filling a hole in the existing research literature; this will be
Michael Larbi Odame*, REGIONAL INSTITUTE FOR POPULATION regression analysis using survey data pooled across survey and country; (2)
STUDIES,UNIVERSITY OF GHANA; Faustina Frempong-Ainguah, Formulation and application of a model for the demographic drivers of
Regional Institute for Population Studies/University of Ghana; Stephen O. DBC; (3) Structured regional comparison, to test the proposition that
Kwankye, University of Ghana; John Anarfi, UNIVERSITY OF GHANA fertility declines in SSA are different (namely, more substantial increase in
DBC).
60. Contraceptives Method Use, Discontinuation and Failure Rates and John B. Casterline*, The Ohio State University; Chenyao Zhang, The
Their Determinants in Poor Urban Settings in Ghana: An Analysis Ohio State University; Jason R. Thomas, The Ohio State University
Using Data from Kumasi in Southern Ghana
This paper uses multiple decrement life table procedures to model 60. The Impact of Local Supply of Popular Contraceptives on Women’s
contraceptive discontinuation and failure rates women of reproductive age Unmet Need for Family Planning
in an urban locality in Ghana. Multiple decrement life tables operate under This research considers whether the greater availability of popular
assumptions of competing risks. The underlying assumption is that the contraceptive methods across local service delivery providers (SDPs)
decrement processes operate independently and the risk of failure constant decreases the risk of unmet need for contraceptives among nearby women.
within each interval. We followed 545 contracepting women at the We add to the literature by providing and testing a new way of measuring
beginning of the observation period in 2013 for five years. Pregnancies contraceptive supply. We use IPUMS Performance Monitoring for Action
accruing to the women are recorded and those who get pregnant while using data from seven sub-Saharan African countries. PMA constitute a unique
a method are also noted. We the computed contraceptive failure rates and data source, as measures are available for both individual women and SDPs
probabilities of surviving in the interval if contraceptive failure was the only near their households. We employ multilevel logistic regression with fixed

129
effects for enumeration areas. The critical finding is that the greater the youth development in West and Central Africa (WCAR) in a sufficiently
number of SDPs carrying at least one of the three most popular methods of plausible and consistent manner. Thus, the index we propose encompasses
the region where the woman lives, the lower the likelihood of women areas and variables that better reflect the concerns of young people in
experiencing unmet need for contraceptives. For every additional SDP Africa. Indeed, an indicator of children and youth development that is
carrying a popular contraceptive method in stock, the risk of unmet need is comprehensive, comparable, African in scope and timely is much needed
decreased by 15%. for monitoring the progress towards reaping the DD benefices.
Devon Kristiansen*, Minnesota Population Center; Elizabeth Boyle, Ousmane Faye*, African Influence Institute (AFRII); Ibrahima Diallo,
University of Minnesota; Joseph Svec, Iowa State University Université Cheikh Anta Diop de Dakar; Gilena G. Andrade, UNICEF-
WCARO; Waly Sene, UNFPA-WCARO
60. Women’s Decision-Making regarding Birth Planning in a Rural
Site in Kenya and Its Implications for Family Planning Programs 63. Determinants And Trend Of Child Wellbeing Status In Cameroon
This paper explores women’s decision-making regarding contraceptive We measure and analysis child wellbeing in Cameroon with MICS data. We
uptake, switching and discontinuation and their implications for family use a Multiple Component Analysis -based Child Wellbeing Status Index
planning programs. Data are from in-depth interviews conducted in 2018 and make comparisons using stochastic dominance tests. Child wellbeing is
with 42 women who participated in a longitudinal research project explained by poor health conditions in terms of vaccination, inappropriate
implemented in Homa Bay County of Kenya, and who discontinued use method of waste disposal, either public shared latrine, open pit latrines or
between the first and second rounds of data collection. Uptake of open bucket latrines. Where they live, the floor is dirt, sand or dung, with
contraception was largely driven by concerns about the effect of frequent more than five people per room and with mud flooring (shelter deprivation),
childbirth on individual health and household socio-economic well-being. and are unable to read or write, and do not enroll in school. We notice an
Most women discontinued methods they were dissatisfied with and tried increase of the child poverty rate between 2006 and 2011. During the period
other methods instead of abandoning contraception altogether. However, the government didn’t provide more facilities to children through increasing
some women had challenges identifying an appropriate method after social investment. Government should draw attention on this population and
experiencing side effects, contraceptive failure or stock-out of their current it may be a criterion for the allocation of public funds with regards to social
method as well as securing their partners’ cooperation. The findings suggest investment, within the post-2015 development agenda.
the need for strategies to enhance partner support for contraception besides Eric Patrick Feubi Pamen*, Laboratoire d'Analyses et de Recherche en
expanding the method mix, ensuring commodity security, and improving Economie Mathématique (LAREM) et Université de Yaounde2; Carele
quality of care. Guilaine Djofang Yepndo, The University of Dschang
Francis Obare*, Population Council; George Odwe, Population Council ;
John G. Cleland, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine 63. Violence faites aux enfants au Burkina Faso : Effets des attentes
(LSHTM) sociales sur l’usage de la violence dans la socialisation des filles et des
garçons .
63. A Children-Youth Development Index (CYDI): a Tool for Assessing Des études montrent que la plupart des violences physiques et
the Effectiveness of Youth-Oriented Policies in Africa émotionnelles subies par les enfants en Afrique Subsaharienne sont le plus
The strong pledge of African leaders to harness the Demographic Dividend souvent justifiées dans le cadre de leur socialisation. Mais l’influence, des
(DD) has triggered the necessity of constructing a children-youth index that normes sociales qui constituent le moteur de ces violences, dites
highlights the countries’ progress towards achieving this commitment. This socialement acceptées n’a que peu été questionnée dans ce contexte. Ce
index will seek through time to follow and monitor how well development papier mobilise une des dimensions des normes sociales notamment, les
policies incorporate the way children and young people gain access to attentes sociales pour examiner le lien entre les normes sociales sur
education, health, nutrition, employment and other opportunities. This paper l’éducation des enfants et les violences faites aux enfants au Burkina Faso.
develops a realistic tool that could help measure and monitor children and Il utilise des données d’enfants de moins de 12 ans de l’enquête nationale

130
sur les violences faites aux enfants au Burkina Faso en 2018. Les résultats respond to specific challenges by place of residence.
montrent que lorsque les attentes sociales sont favorables à la « violence » Christian Kakuba*, Makerere University, Centre for Population and
dans l’éducation des enfants, les enfants sont plus nombreux à subir les Applied Statistics
violences . Mots clés : Violences faites aux enfants, normes sociales,
attentes sociales, Burkina Faso 64. Factors Influencing Measurement of Pregnancy and Adverse
Alis Bambara*, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population Pregnancy Outcomes in Population-Based Surveys in Africa and Asia
Introduction Neonatal deaths and stillbirths remain high, especially in sub-
63. Mental Health and Associated Factors among Adolescent Boys and Saharan Africa and Asia, with under reporting and inaccurate data. This
Girls in Nairobi, Kenya information, used for planning, could lead to under investment. We
Worldwide, it is estimated that 10-20% of adolescents experience mental explored factors influencing reporting of pregnancy and Adverse Pregnancy
health conditions, yet these remain underdiagnosed and undertreated. The Outcomes (APOs) in Africa and Asia. Methods Twenty eight focus group
government of Kenya through the Ministry of Health has acknowledged the discussions across five countries with women and survey interviewers,
challenges that adolescents face regarding mental health and is stepping up combined with thematic analysis with QSR NViVo 12 and an a priori
efforts to address the growing mental health challenge. This paper seeks to codebook were used. Results Socio-cultural beliefs and interview processes
understand the prevalence of mental health and the associated risk factors impacted reporting. Women did not report pregnancy because bad people
among adolescent boys and girls from three informal settlements in Nairobi, could harm the baby. People did not understand why interviewers wanted to
Kenya. Mental health was measured using a depression scale made of 6 know about dead children, APOs resurrected sad memories, and
items based on self-blame, worry, feeling sad, thoughts of inflicting self- interviewers required skills to encourage women to talk. Conclusion Clear
harm, inability to sleep at night due to being unhappy and feeling happy. explanation of the survey purpose is needed, so respondents can understand
Generally, girls reported a higher score than boys which is an indication of importance of reporting. Interviewers require good skills in probing,
higher levels of depression among girls. This paper will add to our building rapport, empathy and a deep understanding of cultures.
knowledge and make recommendations to influence policy and Doris Kwesiga*, Makerere University School of Public Health; Yeetey A.
interventions targeting adolescents suffering from mental health. Enuameh, Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC); Ali Imam, IcddrB,
Rhoune Ochako*, Population Council; Karen Austrian, Population Matlab, Bangladesh; Adane Kebede, Dabat HDSS, Ethiopia; Tryphena
Council - Kenya Nareeba, Iganga-Mayuge Health Demographic Surveillance Site;
Charlotte Tawiah, Kintampo Health Research Centre (KHRC); Joy Lawn,
64. Who Accesses Secondary Schooling in Uganda; Was the Universal London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Hannah Blencowe,
Secondary Education Policy Ubiquitously Effective? London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; B. Ane Fisker, Bandim
This paper explores the predictors of accessing secondary schooling for Health Project
children of secondary school age, almost one decade after the introduction
of universal secondary education. This is done for i) rural Uganda ii) 64. Updates: Geospatial Analysis of Demographic Health Surveys
Kampala and iii) the rest of urban areas in the wake of increasing If DHS fails to expose the vulnerability of the most marginalized groups,
urbanization of the rural areas that assumes urban homogeneity in otherwise policymakers will never notice them. This research study calls for the
heterogeneous situations. I use the Uganda census cross-sectional data for international community to critically re-examine how demographic health
2014 and the logit model to predict the probability of enrolling at secondary surveys (DHS) in Africa present, misrepresent or fail to address vital health
given individual, household and community level variables. I find out that issues of the most vulnerable populations. As a claim, healthcare access has
only 22% of children aged 13-18 were enrolled at secondary and that both not adequately been addressed in DHS in Sub-Saharan Africa. The study
demand and supply related predictors of accessing secondary may vary by includes data the Demographic Health Surveys (DHS); Kenya Master
place of residence. The policy implication here is that while more effort is Facility List (KMFL) and Geospatial data (QGIS), Kenya. We develop a
needed to boost access to secondary, area specific strategies are needed to Healthcare Access Index (HAI) as a methodology of measuring healthcare

131
access and generate geospatially demographic health data. The study finds squared=80·9% (p<0.001)). The NMR was similar in FPH with no evidence
possible misrepresentation of human welfare, hiding vulnerability among of heterogeneity between the sites (I-squared=0.0% (p=0.48)).
some populations. For Proper understanding of demographic issues, there is Joseph W. Akuze*, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine;
the need to present DHS data in a geospatial format. Hannah Blencowe, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Peter
Samuel Mwangi, Tübingen University; Joseph Gitahi, University of Waiswa, Makerere University School of Public Health; Angela Baschieri,
Applied Sciences Stuttgart; Margret Gichuhi Gichuhi*, Jomo Kenyatta United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Ethiopia; Vladimir Goordeev,
University of Science and Technology Oueen Mary University of London; Doris Kwesiga, Makerere University
School of Public Health; Simon Cousens, London School of Hygiene &
64. Estimating and Monitoring Burden of Non-Communicable and Tropical Medicine; Joy Lawn, London School of Hygiene & Tropical
Chronic Diseases in Ghana Medicine; Every Newborn INDEPTH Study Collaborative Group, EN-
In Ghana, there are evidence showing that chronic noncommunicable INDEPTH collaborative group
diseases (NCDs) are emerging conditions and many studies have made this
claim. This assertion is based on epidemiological transition theory which 71. Does pregnancy follow up improve reliability of under five
posits that as a society modernises, the pattern of disease shifts from mortality estimates in Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems?
infectious to chronic noncommunicable diseases. But to what extent can we Insights from Bandafassi and Niakhar (Senegal)
say that the patterns of disease have changed in Ghana considering the weak Pregnancy registration has been part of most HDSSs routine data collection
nature of disease surveillance in the country. The aim of this paper is not to in order to improve estimates of early life mortality. However, little
argue whether or not there is a transition going in Ghana, but to evaluate the research has investigated the effect of this strategy on mortality estimates.
data used in making knowledge about burden of NCDs in the country. I We used logistic regressions and cox models to look at associated factors of
argue that while health metrics such as disability adjusted life years pregnancy reporting, and its net effect on the age patterns of under five
(DALYs) have provided important information about the broader impact of mortality in Bandafasi and Niakhar HDSSs (Senegal). Reporting of
NCDs in the country, caution should be taken in developing policies based pregnancies depends on frequency of follow up and on maternal factors
on these measures. such as maternal age at birth , ethnic group. In relation to mortality
Olutobi A. Sanuade*, University College London estimates in children, no standard pattern appeared according to the status
of pregnancy registration. Particularly, neonatal mortality can be higher
71. A Randomized Comparison of Household Survey Modules for (Niakhar) or lower (Bandafassi) for children born from followed up
Measuring Stillbirths and Neonatal Deaths in Five Health and pregnancies. The results suggest that various factors interact with pregnancy
Demographic Surveillance Sites. follow up so that further investigation is needed to capture its net effect on
Aims This study aimed to undertake a randomized comparison of FBH with mortality estimates.
additional questions on pregnancy losses (FBH+) versus a FPH module and Yempabou Bruno Lankoande*, Institut National d'Etudes
to examine the variation in capture of stillbirths and neonatal deaths Démographiques (INED)/Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population
(SB&ND). Methods In a cross-sectional multi-site study we compared (ISSP); Gilles Pison, French National Museum of Natural History and
FBH+ and FPH for retrospective recording of SB&ND. Women were Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)
randomised to be interviewed using either FBH+ or FPH. Pooled meta-
analysis was used to combine estimates Results A total of 69,176 women 71. Evaluation of Machine Learning Methods for Predicting the Risk of
consented. 34,371(49·7%) were randomized to FPH and 34,805(50·3%) to Child Mortality in South Africa
the FBH+. There was little difference between the mean time to administer There have been extensive researches focused on child mortality in sub-
questions. The SBR was 15.2/1000 and 17.4/1000 total births for FBH+ and Saharan Africa. But, the methods applied so far were based on the
FPH respectively. SBR was 21%(95% CI (-10% - 62%)) higher in FPH than conventional regression analysis with limited prediction capability.
in FBH+. There was strong evidence of heterogeneity across the sites (I- Emerging methods in computational social science, particularly machine

132
learning approach present opportunities to identify more features to DHS data Uganda to understand high TFR with an idea of role of linguistics
facilitate accurate prediction of the risk of child mortality in sub-Saharan homogeneity. According to the analysis, when woman speaks either
Africa. We evaluated different methods of machine learning techniques to Luganda or English, the couple may have about 11 % less children
develop the best model for predicting child mortality using training and test withholding other control variables including level of education, wealth,
data from the National Income Dynamics Survey and District Health religion, region and urban residence in constant. This paper would be
Barometer in South Africa. Logistic, Random Forest and XGBoost all show meaningful for social scientist to consider language factor for understanding
accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity of about 60%. Further analysis will be fertility transition in Uganda and Africa. Finally, more than just linguistical
explored using data from different countries with different features. homogeneity within a society, its heterogeneous effect for female
Dereje Danbe Debeko*, Hawassa Univeristy; Reesha Kara, PhD student; population might add value on female literacy and worry for expected
Fidelia A. A. Dake, University of Ghana; Chodziwadziwa Kabudula, stratified reproduction problem due to stratified education.
University of the Witwatersrand; Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan; Seungwan Kim*, University of Maryland
Henry Wandera, PhD student; Chipo Mufudza, National University of
Science and Technology 75. Impact des inégalités de genre sur la fécondité des couples dans des
contextes africains de « basse » fécondité : une analyse comparative
75. La santé reproductive des femmes marocaines:une perspective entre Ouagadougou et Nairobi
genre Malgré la fécondité élevée en Afrique Sub-saharienne, de nombreuses villes
En plus des efforts déployés par l'État en matière d'infrastructure de santé et sont bien avancées dans leur transition. Le faible statut des femmes et les
de qualité des soins, la santé de la reproduction est une question de couple inégalités de genre sont souvent cités parmi les facteurs qui résistent à la
qui s'établit dans une relation de genre.L'objectif de cette présentation est baisse de la fécondité dans la région. Nous vérifions l’hypothèse selon
d'abord descriptif-comparatif, en mettant en évidence l'évolution de la santé laquelle dans un contexte moins avancé dans sa transition (Ouagadougou),
reproductive ainsi que les rapports de genre au sein des couples marocains le meilleur statut de la femme lui permet d’avoir une basse fécondité et
entre 2003-2004 et 2011-2012.Ensuite, explicatif du niveau de la santé qu’alternativement dans les zones plus avancées (Nairobi) les hommes sont
reproductive en 2011-2012 sous la perspective genre. En se référant aux moins pro-natalistes. Pour cela, nous avons mobilisé les données des
ENPSF tenues en 2003-2004 et 2011-2012, nous nous appuyons, pour observatoires de population de Ouagadougou et de Nairobi. Les résultats
l'étude explicative, sur la méthode d'Analyse des Correspondances montrent que les deux hypothèses sont vérifiées, plus les femmes sont
Multiples. Les résultats ressortis montrent une amélioration de la santé autonomes vis-à-vis de leurs époux à Ouagadougou plus elles font moins
reproductive accompagnée d'une nette évolution des mentalités des couples. d’enfants. Enfin, à Nairobi les hommes plus éduqués ou ceux qui ont un
L'analyse explicative confirme le rôle majeur des rapports de genre au sein revenu supérieur à celui de leurs conjointes ont une préférence pour les
des couples sur la santé reproductive, où deux profils de couples ont été petites tailles de familles comparativement à leurs épouses.
ressortis, le premier jugé moderne, l'autre est traditionnel. Roch Millogo*, Université de Genève; Clementine Rossier, Université de
Chaimae Drioui*, Institut National de Statistique et d'Economie Appliquée Genève; Blessing Mberu, African Population and Health Research Center
(INSEA); Fatima Bakass, Institut National de Statistique et d'Economie (APHRC); Abdramane Soura, Université de Ouagadougou
Appliquée (INSEA)
75. Contexts of Reproduction: Gender Dynamics and Fertility in Sub-
75. Language and Fertility Transition in Uganda: Fertility of English- Saharan Africa
Speaking Couple in Multilingual Uganda The fertility transition in SSA goes much slower than in other global
25 years after from International Conference on Population and regions and shows much variation across the continent. Two key points
Development in Cairo, total fertility rate (TFR) of Uganda is around 6 and emerge from the literature to explain this: The importance of gendered
has experienced slower pace of decline compare to neighbor countries. social determinants, such as women’s and men's education and decision-
Therefore, I conducted second data analysis with 2,479 couples in USAID making power, and the need to situate these processes and understand the

133
role of context. We develop and test a novel theoretical framework for inductive content analysis. Women reported overall satisfaction with the
explaining contextual variation in the links between gender dynamics and quality of counseling, but also shared that counseling sometimes focused
fertility, which merges intra-household bargaining models, the life course narrowly on PPIUD to the detriment or exclusion of other methods.
perspective, and sociological literature on neighborhood effects. Using data Benefits of the IUD were exaggerated while disadvantages were
on over 650,000 women living in 30.000 communities, within 300+ regions downplayed during counseling, seemingly with the aim of maximizing
in 39 SSA countries we investigate the influence of gender dynamics at the method uptake. Though single-method interventions can bring attention and
household, local, district, and national level on indicators of women’s resources to FP programs, they may paradoxically serve to constrain access
fertility and determine how these effects are moderated by specific to a wide FP method mix and high-quality counseling the emphasizes client
economic, socio-cultural, institutional, and geographical contexts. choice.
Jeroen Smits*, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen; Prof. Hilde Bras, Leigh G. Senderowicz*, Harvard University; Erin Pearson, Ipas; Kristy
Wageningen University & Research on Social Media Hackett, Harvard University; Sarah Huber-Krum, Harvard University;
Joel Francis, University of the Witwatersrand; Julia Rohr, Harvard School
76. An Investigation into Contraceptive Choice in South Africa of Public Health; Iqbal Shah, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health
Postpartum contraception is an essential component of maternal and child
health, enabling women to have control over their childbearing. Yet 76. Les sources d’inégalités d’accès des adolescentes aux moyens de
research has shown that in South Africa, as well as across Africa, women contraception au Bénin: Evolution des modalités d’utilisation et défis
have limited access to a choice of contraceptive methods. We use a Malgré les efforts divers des deux dernières décennies pour la promotion de
reproductive rights approach to examine postnatal contraceptive provision la santé de la reproduction, des milliers d’adolescentes peinent encore à
in three hospitals in Cape Town, South Africa. We collected quantitative accéder aux services de planification familiale au Bénin. Cet article se
data from patient records on contraceptive choice at first antenatal care visit propose d’examiner les possibilités qu’une adolescente a face à l’utilisation
and compare it with postpartum method provision. Focus groups d’une méthode de planification familiale ainsi que les modalités
discussions with nurses generated qualitative data on barriers and enabling d’utilisation. Au prisme des capabilités, les inégalités d’accès à la
factors affecting contraceptive provision, counselling and informed consent contraception sont analysées à travers les tableaux de contingence à
procedures. Preliminary results show method availability is largely différentes dates des EDS. Il en ressort qu’au cours des vingt dernières
restricted to injectable contraceptives and significant proportions of women années, la capacité de l’adolescente à accéder à la contraception s’est
do not receive their method of choice. Qualitative data shows providers do améliorée montrant un retournement de situation. Ce qui témoigne de
not have the skills needed to provide long term methods and counselling l’affaiblissement des barrières constituant les facteurs de conversion.
and informed consent procedures are inadequate. L’espace de liberté d’accès est moins large pour les non instruites, celles qui
Catriona Towriss*, University of Cape Town; Jessica Rucell, University exercent une activité agricole, celles qui sont favorables à la violence, les
of Stellenbosch pauvres et celles en union précoce.
Achille Tokin*, Université de Parakou; Mouftaou Amadou Sanni, Ecole
76. Women’s Perspectives on Counseling Quality in a Tanzanian Nationale de la Statistique, de la Planification et de la Démographie de
Postpartum Contraception Intervention l'Université de Parakou (ENSPD/UP)
With the increasing focus on long-acting reversible contraceptives, some
family planning (FP) interventions promote single methods as their 76. Introduction of Self-Injectable Contraceptive in Uganda
programmatic focus. We explore women’s experiences with FP counseling Self-injection of subcutaneous injectable contraception (DMPA-SC) is
in a postpartum IUD (PPIUD) intervention and the ways that this single- transforming women’s contraceptive access and autonomy in Uganda by
method focus affects access to high-quality FP. We conducted semi- putting a popular method directly into the hands of users. The Uganda Self-
structured interviews with twenty women receiving antenatal care as part of injection Best Practices program was designed to address this need, by
a PPIUD intervention in five hospitals in Tanzania, using open-coding and generating evidence and guidance that decision-makers in family planning

134
programs can use to introduce and scale up self-injection programs. auprès des ménages (ECAM III). Les résultats montrent que même s’il
Information on client’s visit date, background characteristics, whether she existe une discrimination de genre liée à l’éducation au Cameroun, les
self-injected or received the injection from the health worker, and total transferts de fonds augmentent la probabilité de scolarisation des filles (5-
number of DMPA-SC units that were administered. Data presented in this 25 ans). Cependant, cet impact positif est plus important chez les filles du
abstract was collected between November 2017 and November 2018. The niveau universitaire (18-25 ans). Cette étude montre également que les filles
program was generally successful at reaching new family planning users, les plus défavorisées en termes d’éducation sont celles qui vivent dans les
younger women, women who reside far from health services and women zones dépourvues d’infrastructures (écoles) et celles qui sont dans les
who had attended school than clients who received injections from health ménages où le chef de famille est un homme, moins éduqué et polygame.
workers. Self-injection can increase access to family planning services. Ariel Herbert Fambeu*, Université de Douala
Women should continue to be offered the full range of methods available.
Allen Namagembe*, PATH; Justine Tumusiime, PATH; Damalie Nsangi, 77. Impact of Migrant Remittances on Household Welfare in Nigeria
PATH; Fiona Walugembe, PATH; Chloe Morozoff, PATH; Jane Cover, Generally, households employ remittance as a coping strategy to adapt or
PATH; Jeniffer Drake, PATH improve overall wellbeing. The recent effect of remittances on household
wealth has not being fully studied in Nigeria. This paper examines the
77. Linking Migration And Household Welfare In Cameroon: Zooming impact of remittances on household’s expenditure and wealth (asset
Into The Effect Of Return Migration On Self-Employment accumulation) in Nigeria using the Nigeria 2015/2016 General Household
This paper investigates the effects of migration on household welfare and survey data. Propensity score matching and endogenous switching
labour market participation (self-employment) in Cameroon. The data used regression models was used to evaluate welfare status of the households.
for the analyses were gathered from the survey on the impact of migration Result shows that remittance has an impact on the household’s expenditure
on development in Cameroon conducted in 2012. Making use of robust with average treatment effect and average treatment effect on treated of
identification strategies to handle the endogeneity and selectivity issues, the ?16772 and -?2311 respectively and a significant effect on wealth of 1.12
study finds that having a migrant member or receiving remittances increases and 0.79 respectively indicating a strong and positive relationship between
the households’ per capita expenditures, and reduces the likelihood of living remittance and wealth than on expenditures. The study suggests quality
below the poverty line. In addition, migration and remittances contribute to education, provision of sustainable jobs by both private and government
the accumulation of consumer assets, to access to basic utility services, but that stimulates investment and result in better use of transfers.
do not significantly affect productive assets ownership. Besides, self- Nneji Umeokeke*, University of Ibadan, department of Agricultural
employment is more likely to occur in households having a return migrant, economics; Kayode Salman, University of Ibadan, department of
while receiving remittances decreases the probability of being self- Agricultural economics
employed. Meanwhile, the effect of the presence of absent migrants in the
household on self-employment decision is negative but insignificant. 77. Remittances and Financial Inclusion in Nigeria
Belmondo Tanankem Voufo*, Ministry of Economy, Planning and This paper investigates the impact of remittances on financial inclusion. The
Regional Development, Cameroon; Gilles Quentin Kane, Université de study particularly focuses on whether remittances promote the use of
Yaoundé 2 deposit accounts, using the 2009 World Bank’s Migration and Remittances
Household Survey data for Nigeria, we conduct estimations of the
77. Les transferts de Fonds des Migrants internationaux permettent-ils likelihood of using deposit bank account controlling for household
de réduire la discrimination de genre liée à l’éducation au Cameroun ? characteristics. The first assumption was that migration and financial
Nous analysons dans cet article l’impact des transferts de fonds inclusion are correlated only through unobservables and later included
internationaux sur l’éducation des filles au Cameroun. Afin d’isoler le biais correlation due to endogenous migration variable. The instrumental
d’endogénéité, nous avons adopté l’approche des variables instrumentales variables recursive bivariate probit estimations reveal that remittances have
sur les données micro-économiques de la troisième enquête camerounaise a positive impact on financial inclusion by promoting the use of deposit

135
accounts i.e. increases the probability of using bank account. Therefore, marché du travail demeure préoccupante malgré les efforts fournis par les
removing the barriers faced by recipients of remittances would further autorités politiques. 49,5% de la population potentiellement active est
contribute in improving the financial sector. inactive et est majoritairement composée de femmes au foyer (43,8%).
Lydia Adeoye*, Student at the Department of Economics - Obafemi Parmi les femmes âgées de 15-64 ans, 20,6% ont une activité économique
Awolowo University, Ile-Ife; George Agwu, Alex Ekwueme Federal rémunérée alors que 42,8% restent occupées au foyer.
University. Ndufu Alike.; Femi Awopegba, Nigerian Institute of Social and Fatimatou Sy*, Agence Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie
Economic Research (ANSD)

78. Demographic Dynamics, Gender Dividends and the Achievement of 78. Women Economic Empowerment in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cross-
Sustainable Development Goals: Evidence from Nigeria National Analysis Using DHS Data
Nigeria is the most populated country in Africa with a population of 201 The fifth UN Sustainable Development Goal calls for greater investment
million in 2019 and the seventh most populated country in the world. and focus on women’s empowerment, underscoring the weight of women
Although the country is working towards achieving the demographic economic empowerment (WEE) in achieving inclusive growth. Increased
dividends, the gender perspectives of the dividend has not been investments in higher educational attainment and employment of women
comprehensively explored. This paper uses demographic dynamics to and girls will earn Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) a huge gender dividend.
analyse the structure of gender equity in labour market participation and its Harnessing the synergy between the SDGs and the gender dividend
attendant implications for gender dividends. The methodological approach provides an impetus for achieving WEE. No research to-date has compared
is the gender differentiated support ratio as defined by National Transfer the extent of WEE in SSA. This research shows multi-country comparison
Accounts (NTA) method. Gender dividend is viewed as a component of of WEE scores and typologies using DHS in 33 countries. Results show a
broader demographic dividend. The paper reveals that despite the considerable variation in the distribution of WEE scores across SSA. Five
approximately 50-50% male-female composition of Nigerian population, country typologies of WEE are identified: household level empowerment
female contributes significantly less to labour earnings, reflecting low driven by education; household level empowerment driven by land
gender dividend and a major limiting factor to harnessing the demographic ownership, individual level empowerment driven by high employment
dividend. The paper therefore suggests that investments in human capital of rates, minimal level economic empowerment, and economically un-
women and girls will have multiple beneficial effects. empowered. This is timely evidence for the increasing rhetoric on achieving
Olanrewaju Olaniyan*, University of Ibadan; Noah Olasehinde, WEE.
University of Ibadan; Osaretin Adonri, United Nations Population Fund Eunice M Williams*, University of Southampton; Heini E. Vaisanen,
(UNFPA); Andat Dasogot, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) University of Southampton; Sabu S. Padmadas, University of Southampton

78. Analyse comparative de l’occupation des femmes sénégalaises au 79. Return Migration Intentions among Migrants in Six Southern
foyer et dans le marché de l’emploianalyse comparative de l’occupation Africa Countries
des femmes sénégalaises au foyer et dans le marché de l’emploi Analyzing factors that are associated with return migration intention is
La réduction des inégalités entre hommes et femmes reste toujours une essential in understanding how migration behavior is perpetuated and also
problématique. L’amélioration du niveau scolaire des femmes ne s'est pas necessarily for policy implications for both place of origin and destination.
traduit par une amélioration comparable de leur situation au travail. Selon We investigate return migration intentions among migrants living in Six
l’OIT (2012) , près d’une femme sur quatre reste cantonnée dans des Southern African countries using data from the Need Assessment and
activités familiales non rémunérées collaborant à l’entreprise familiale et ne Baseline Survey and applying a binary logistic regression model. Findings
recevant aucun salaire pour ce travail. Au Sénégal, les femmes ont un poids indicate that 29.6% migrants have migration intention. Multivariate analysis
démographique plus important que celui des hommes (50,1% contre 49,9% shows that migrants residing in Mozambique and Zambia have lower risk of
d’hommes selon le RGPHAE 2013). Cependant, leur situation dans le migration intention compared migrants from Malawi. Female migrants are

136
less likely (OR=0.54, 95% CI=0.35-0.84) to have migration intentions and economy. The study will also explore the intentions of Sudanese migrants
migrants who have not worked in the past 12 months are also less likely to return, under the new Saudi economic policies. The study will use the
(OR=0.39, 95% CI=0.26-0.61) to have migration intentions. Migrants that 2019 survey data collected by the author , and by the International
are mobile/seasonal workers are more (OR=3.73, 95% CI=2.27-6.23) to Organisation of Migration for returnees from Saudi Arabia.
have migration intentions. These findings should provide exploratory Osman El Hasan O. Nour*, Child Protection Initiative (CPI)
information for relevant stakeholders.
Ololade O. J. Baruwa*, North West University; Evans Muchiri, Wits 79. Les effets du retour des migrants sur le développement économique
University; Relebogile Mapuroma , Wits University; Latifat Ibisomi, Wits du Cameroun
University Le but de cet article est d'évaluer l'effet du retour des migrants camerounais
sur le développement économique du pays en se servant de la dernière
79. Socioanalyse des déterminants du retour et du non-retour des enquête camerounaise auprès des ménages réalisée en Août 2014.L'
migrants au Cameroun utilisation d' un modèle Tobit estimé par la méthode du maximum de
L'importance de la diaspora pour le développement local est désormais vraisemblance révèlent que les migrants ont un effet positif sur la formation
reconnue par les États africains aujourd’hui. Malgré cette dynamique du capital humain et l’accessibilité aux infrastructures de bases.Il revient
marquée par une diplomatie bilatérale et multilatérale ainsi qu'une donc à l'Etat camerounais de créer des conditions pour favoriser le retour
coopération internationale décentralisée, seuls quelques pays africains ont des migrants.
élaboré des politiques pertinentes d’aide au retour et à la réinstallation. Le Severin Tamwo*, Université de Yaoundé II Soa
Cameroun, en tant qu’acteur des relations internationales, s’inscrit dans
cette perspective et a tôt fait d’initier des accords de coopération avec ses 80. Do Migrant Street Children Use Reproductive Health Services in
partenaires internationaux afin de faire de la migration un vecteur de son Uganda?
développement. Malgré cette volonté politique, l'élaboration de la nouvelle While impact of migration on health is well acknowledged, few studies
politique de migration demeure embryonnaire. L'objectif de cette have interrogated the relationship between rural-urban migration and sexual
communication est de contribuer à la compréhension des déterminants du and reproductive health (SRH) services. This paper investigates the
retour au Cameroun. Dans un contexte de recherche de sources alternatives relationship between uptake of reproductive health services and migration
de financement, il apparait opportun de cerner les contours de la migration status of street children in Uganda. We conducted a survey among 513
de retour en Afrique en vue de mieux promouvoir le codéveloppement. street children in three divisions of Kampala City. Our findings reveal that
Mots-clés: migration de retour, déterminants, codéveloppement, Cameroun migrant street children had reduced odds of using SRH services compared
Charles Simplice Mbatsogo Mebo*, Université de Poitiers to their counterparts. Other factors that predicted SRH uptake include age,
schooling status and knowledge of place of service delivery point.
79. The Return of Sudanese Migrants from Saudi Arabia under the Implications for our study results point to the need for urban health studies
New Saudi Policies towards Migrants and Their Dependants to go beyond blanket uptake for SRH services and understand practices
Sudanese migration to neighbouring countries is known for long time . among vulnerable children including migrant street children. SRH service
However, the recent three decades have witnessed heavy flow of labour provider should design effective health outreach and delivery models to
migration to Gulf countries, especially to Saudi Arabia. The economy of the reach most at risk and hidden vulnerable populations in urban settings.
Gulf countries has recently been affected by the decline in oil prices, and by Francis Mulekya Bwambale, MAASTRICHT UNIVERSITY, CAPHRI /
the expensive wars in Yemen and Syria. This economic situation, IOM/ MAKERERE UNIVERSITY; John Mushomi Atwebembeire*,
Saudization , and the new Saudi policy of imposing fees on foreign workers Makerere University; Paul Bukuluki, Makerere University; Hubertus Van
and their dependants have left many of foreign workers out of job. The den Borne, MAASTRICHT UNIVERSITY, CAPHRI
present study aims to explore the size of returned migrants, their
characteristics , and challenges facing them under the adverse Sudan

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80. Urban Health and Socio-Ecological Systems: Maintaining Livable large inequalities in health-related conditions. Over 35 percent of the urban
Conditions for a Growing Population population reside in poor slum settlements. Slums, at more than 200,000
The rapid increase in migration from rural to urban areas puts stress on the persons per square kilometer, are 250 times more densely populated than
existing urban infrastructure, which is particularly true in Africa which is the rural average of 755 per square kilometer. Slum dwellers do not have
experiencing the fastest urbanization rate in the world. The cities must easy and affordable access to public sector health care facilities and most
provide a diversity of bio-physical flows to maintain livable conditions for slum dwellers have limited access to private-sector health care because of
individuals, all within resource constraints and emissions limits. Urban its high cost. In the absence of free public-sector health care provision in
metabolism studies have been developed as one approach to track the cities urban areas, this paper discusses the importance of universal access to
resource use and when combined with network models can inform policy- affordable healthcare services for low-income urban population in
makers of important insight to the complex interconnections of flows Bangladesh.
between sectors. Sectors include important factors such as energy, industry, Ubaidur Rob*, Population Council; Nargis Sultana, Population Council
services, water, and also households. This presentation gives an overview of
urban network metabolism with existing case studies and implications for 82. Social Context of Fertility Intentions among Unmarried Young
future studies in Africa. Adults in Nigeria: Implications for Fertility Transition
Brian Fath*, Towson University In this paper, we explored the social contexts of fertility intentions by
documenting the effects of individual, household as well as contextual
80. Facteurs Associes A L'acces Au Logement Decent Dans Les Milieux characteristics on desired family size among young unmarried men and
Urbains Congolais. Analyse Des Donnees De L'enquete 1-2-3 Rdc 2014 women in Nigeria. Analytical sample comprised 5882 males and 7209
L’accès à un logement est l’un des défis les plus redoutables du 21ème females aged 15-24 years from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health
siècle pour les pays africains. L’urbanisation rapide, l’augmentation de la Survey. The mean ideal number of children among them was 6.6 and 5.0
pauvreté conjuguée à la croissance de la population et à l’exode rural respectively. Linear mixed models showed that among males, education,
poussent la population à résoudre d’elle-même ses problèmes de logements ethnicity and religion were significant individual-level predictors of ideal
sans tenir compte de la réglementation en matière d’installation urbaine. Il number of children. The significant contextual factors include community
se dégage, en effet, une inadéquation entre les instruments internationaux education (ß=-1.017), family planning message penetration (ß=-1.451) and
ratifiés et leur mise en application. L’analyse des données de l’Enquête marital postponement (ß=-2.471) all of which exhibited significant negative
nationale 1-2-3 RDC 2015 montre que la majorité de la population relationship. For females, the same individual-level characteristics were
congolaise n’a pas accès à un logement décent (7,8%). Ce dernier est statistically significant correlates of ideal number of children. Further, the
fonction de la province de résidence du ménage, est largement corrélé au significant contextual factors were child mortality experience (ß=0.368);
niveau d’instruction du Chef de ménage et son statut socioprofessionnelle opposition to family planning (ß=1.024) and marital postponement (ß=-
car les ménages logés par les employeurs du chef de ménage sont enclins 1.607).
d’habiter un logement plus décent que les locataires ou ceux logés par des Joshua O. Akinyemi*, University of Ibadan; Clifford O. Odimegwu,
tiers. University of the Witwatersrand
Jocelyn Mantempa*, UNIVERSITE DE KINSHASA ET CRESPoD
82. Facteurs explicatifs de la demande d’enfants chez les femmes en
80. Equity in Access to Urban Health Services: Providing Urban union au Burkina Faso
Primary Health Care Services in Bangladesh Le Burkina Faso fait partie des pays de l’Afrique subsaharienne qui
In Bangladesh, cities are home to 65 million people (40% of the total enregistrent les niveaux de fécondité désirée et effective les plus élevés. A
population) and the urban population is estimated to reach 83 million by cet effet, la présente étude utilise des données secondaires de l’enquête
2030. Existing urban health structures are largely inadequate to ensure démographique et de santé réalisée au Burkina Faso en 2010 pour
universal access to health care for poor people. Cities are characterized by rechercher les facteurs explicatifs de la fécondité désirée chez les femmes

138
en union. Les résultats des régressions linéaires multiples ont montré que achieved fertility (fertility gap). The analyses suggest that men’s preferred
douze facteurs sont significativement associés au nombre idéal d’enfants fertility exerts a stronger influence on a woman’s fertility gap, and the
désiré au seuil de 5%. Le modèle explique au total 28,7% de la fécondité magnitude of the effects of man’s education is significant. Underachieving
désirée dont 14,4% expliqué par la région de résidence, 6,2% par l’âge à la fertility in Ghana seems to be associated more with a man’s preference for
première union et 2,7% par l’instruction de la femme. Toutes politiques fewer number of children than with a woman’s increasing years of
visant à réduire la demande d’enfants devraient cibler les femmes non education.
scolarisées et vivant dans les régions du Sahel et de l’Est. Mots-clés : Isaac Yeboah*; Faustina Frempong-Ainguah, Regional Institute for
Demande d’enfants, nombre idéal d’enfants. Population Studies/University of Ghana
Tilado Alimata Geraude Kabore*, Institut de Formation et de recherche
démographiques 83. The Misconception of Albinism (Causes and Curses): Implication
on Maternal Health of Women with Albinism and Their Invisibility in
82. Facteurs d’évolution de la fécondité et de la demande d’enfants en Public Healthcare Centres in Nigeria
République du Congo The plight of persons with albinism (PWA) in Nigeria have long been
Le niveau élevé de la fécondité africaine est généralement attribué, en viewed and overemphasised in general terms, often explained alongside the
référence aux schémas ou figures théoriques dominants, à la persistance des numerous causes, curses and stereotypes embedded in the meanings
schémas de reproduction de type traditionnel. cependant, ces schémas associated with albinism. This article examines the inherent implications of
semblent exercer dans le contexte actuel une influence plutôt lointaine, the misconceptions and misrepresentations of facts about the causes and
presque symbolique, sans réelle emprise, en raison d'une déconnexion curses of albinism as evident in the social cultural narratives about albinos
manifeste des anciennes valeurs dites « traditionnelles » et de la primauté and albinism and the corollary effect on maternal health and the invisibility
grandissante des choix individuels en matière de gestion de la sexualité et of women with albinism (WWA) in public healthcare centres in Nigeria.
de reproduction. Elle propose une nouvelle grille d'analyse des évolutions Specifically the study investigates the nuances endangering WWA from
historiques et contemporaines, y compris sur le plan religieux, pour ainsi accessing modern healthcare services, the socio-cultural influences, such as
mieux orienter les actions contre les facteurs qui ne soient pas simplement beliefs and traditions and the impact on behavioural outcomes of both
des « facteurs boucs émissaires ». Dans la perspective d’isoler l’émergence WWA and medical practitioners. This study aims to provide a reflexive,
de nouveaux schémas de reproduction cette communication se propose reality-driven inquiry into the everyday and maternal healthcare challenges
d’analyser les facteurs d’évolution de la fécondité et leurs influences and decision-making processes of WWA in Nigeria.
respectives, utilisant les données des deux EDS (2005 et 2011-2012) du Adediran Daniel Ikuomola*, Adekunle Ajasin University
Congo.
Benoît Benlib Libali*, Fonds des Nations Unies pour la population 83. Testing a New Survey Module on Child Functioning and Disability
(UNFPA) in South Africa
Large information gaps exist with regards to what is known about
82. Men’s Influence on Realization of Women’s Fertility Preference in disabilities amongst children internationally. This includes limited
Ghana comparable and reliable data on disabilities amongst children, their activity
Both men and women are important players in the childbearing process, limitations and how the environment affects their participation in the
however, most fertility studies focus on women and their characteristics that communities. In order to address this problem UNICEF and the Washington
impact on their reproductive life. This study demonstrates the influence of Group on Disability Statistics (WG) have proposed a new survey module on
men’s preferred fertility on a woman’s ability to achieve her preferred child functioning and disability for use in surveys and censuses. Statistics
fertility in Ghana. Drawing on 474 women from the 2014 Ghana South Africa has conducted research into the viability of this new module
Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS), the study investigates how men’s for the child disability measurement in its future national household
preferred fertility influence the difference between a woman’s preferred and surveys. A two phased approach was used during the research study. This

139
paper outlines how the research study was conducted, presents the results of maternal health services. Better attitudes of health providers towards
from this study and discusses the recommendations with regards to the use adolescents will help increase their use of maternal health services.
of this module for the measurement of child disabilities in future household Peninah Agaba*, Makerere University
surveys conducted by Statistics South Africa
Tshepho Brian Matlwa*, Statistics South Africa; Leonard Ahuejere, 84. Numérique, levier pour améliorer l’accès des adolescent(e)s et
Statistics South Africa; Michael Medupi, Statistics South Africa; Vivian jeunes à l’information et aux services de planification familiale : Cas du
Marapjane, Stats SA; Nwabisa Xosa, statssa; Job Mothiba, statssa site forum www.tictacados.org et ses extensions sur les réseaux sociaux
Au Congo, les jeunes représentent plus de 33% de la population totale. La
83. l'impact de la fluorose dentaire sur le genre majorité d’entre eux vivent en zone urbaine (68,5%) et utilisent les réseaux
Cette communication a pour objectif d’évaluer et expliquer les impacts sociaux. Le projet a permis de réaliser plusieurs activités en ligne, selon les
psychosociaux de la fluorose dentaire et saisir les effets différenciés pour plateformes et leurs spécificités. Les plateformes en ligne ont connu une
les hommes et les femmes. Une partie de la population de l’Extrême-nord grande affluence des jeunes, ce qui nous a permis de les sensibiliser et de
du Cameroun est caractérisée par le jaunissement et même la malformation les référer vers les services de santé. Quelques chiffres recueillis après 3 ans
des dents encore appelée fluorose dentaire. A travers une enquête d'exécution: Plus de 101.841? visites enregistrées sur le site, 315
qualitative menée en 2019 par Global Water partnership Cameroon, les participants aux discussions quotidiennes sur whatsapp, 183.002 personnes
résultats montrent que loin d’être uniquement un problème de santé atteintes sur facebook et 6.815 jeunes ont été référés dans les centres de
publique, les impacts psychosociaux de la fluorose dentaire sont moulés santé. Le projet a permis à de favoriser l'accès des jeunes aux services de
dans la culture du groupe et la perception de la « maladie » par les santé reproductive, de prévenir un nombre important de grossesse non
communautés. La stigmatisation de la personne atteinte de fluorose dentaire désiré en milieu jeune et d’établir un dialogue avec les jeunes sur la
est flagrante dans les rapports sociaux et autres formes d’interactions à telle sexualité.
enseigne qu’elle a orienté des choix des carrières, des conjoints et des Jyer Stiven Magnondo Dielet*, Association Congolaise pour le Bien Etre
migrations de retour des zones « saines » aux zones infectées ou zones « Familial; God Abel Dzola, Association Congolaise pour le Bien Etre
normales ». Familial; Claude Emmanuelle Nzickou, Association Congolaise pour le
Ariane Julie NYA NANA, Independent Consultant; Marcel Nkoma*, Bien Etre Familial
Ministry of Economy, Planning and Regional Development
84. Intimate Partner Violence among Adolescent Girls and Young
84. Abuses at Health Facilities during the Maternity Period: Types and Female Sex Workers in Kampala, Uganda
Causes among Unmarried Adolescents in Uganda Adolescents and young people, aged (10-24 years) can be at increased risk
Unmarried adolescents in Uganda face discrimination at health centres and of HIV-infection in Uganda because of gender-norms and inequitable
this leads to poor use of the services. The objective is to explore the types sexual relationships. We studied intimate partner violence among young
and causes of abuse among unmarried adolescents during the maternity female sex workers (FSWs) in Kampala, Uganda. We performed a
period in Uganda. Fourteen in-depth interviews and eight focus group retrospective cohort analysis of 1898 participants aged 15-24 years enrolled
discussions were carried out among unmarried adolescents in Bushenyi and at a research clinic in Kampala from 2013 to 2018. Factors associated with
Kibaale districts in Western Uganda. Seven in-depth interviews with IPV were analyzed using logistic regression models. Participant mean age
parents and seven key informant interviews among health providers were was 21 years, 92% engaged in paid sex, 69% had at least one child, HIV
also conducted. Thematic interpretative phenomenological analysis of the prevalence was 21%, 57% were high risk alcohol drinkers and 44%
experiences of adolescents was done. Unmarried adolescents were abused reported IPV. IPV was associated with younger age, high-risk alcohol use,
both verbally and physically. They were not cared for, not served or served ever being married and inconsistent condom use with paying partners. We
late. This was due to poor dressing, their young age at pregnancy or birth need structural interventions to empower younger FSWs, improve condom
and coming for maternity services with no partners. This affected their use use and reduce excessive alcohol use. Additional qualitative methods may

140
help us to better understand different contexts of IPV. Patricia Ndugga*, Makerere University; Noor Kassim Namiyonga,
Yunia Mayanja*, MRC/UVRI Uganda Bureau of Statistics; Deogratious Sebuwufu, Ministry of Health

86. Facteurs Associés Au Recours Aux Premiers Soins Postnatals 86. Effect of Vaccine Direct Delivery (VDD) on Vaccine Stock Outs and
Modernes Des Nouveau-Nés Au Bénin Number of Vaccinations: Case Study from Bauchi State, Nigeria
La période postnatale, qui couvre les 42 premiers jours de vie, est la plus Vaccine stockouts are prevalent in Africa. We causally evaluated the effect
critique pour la santé et de la survie de la mère et de son nouveau-né. Au of Vaccine Direct Delivery (VDD), an intervention to ensure the vaccine-
Bénin, malgré une grande importance accordée aux soins des enfants, la stock availability at health facilities, on the reduction of stockouts in Bauchi
couverture des soins postnatals reste faible et les indicateurs de la mortalité state, Nigeria. Employing the interrupted time-series method, we evaluated
infantile demeurent très élevés. La présente étude vise à examiner les the change in the occurrence of vaccine stockouts before and after the
facteurs liés au recours aux premiers soins postnatals modernes pour les introduction of VDD in July 2015. We used health-facility level data from
nouveau-nés conformément à la recommandation 2 de l’OMS concernant January 2013 to December 2018 among 175 facilities in Bauchi state,
les soins postnatals des nouveau-nés. Les données utilisées proviennent de collected through the District Health Information Software 2, for monthly
l’EDS réalisée au Bénin en 2012 et concernent 4924 nouveau-nés. La information on stockouts and stock balance in all the health facilities in
régression logistique multinomiale appliquée aux données montre que, la Nigeria. After the introduction of VDD, vaccine stockouts in Bauchi state
résidence en milieu urbain, l’accès géographique et financier des hôpitaux, decreased by 9 percentage points on average. The stock balance of target
l’exposition aux médias, visites prénatales, l’éducation des mères, leur vaccines all increased but we did not observe an increase in the number of
participation à la prise de décision augmentent les chances de réception des vaccinations carried out. More effort should be channeled into creating a
premiers soins postnatals des nouveau-nés. demand for vaccines.
Robert Djogbenou*, Université de Montréal; Visseho Adjiwanou, Ryoko Sato*, Harvard School of Public Health; Adam Thomson, eHealth
Université du Québec à Montréal Africa; Loveth Metiboba, eHealth Africa; Vivian Odezugo, eHealth
Africa
86. Determinants of Early Postnatal Care Attendance: Analysis of the
2016 Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 87. Are Family Planning Program Benefits Equitably Shared among
Postnatal care within two days after childbirth allows early detection of Population Sub-Groups in Africa?
problems that could result in adverse maternal health outcomes. Are family planning program benefits equitably shared among population
Unfortunately, uptake of early postnatal care (EPNC) remains low in sub-groups in Africa? Goal 3.7 of the Sustainable Development Goals
Uganda. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to investigate the (SDGs) focuses on “ensuring universal access to reproductive health care
determinants of EPNC attendance among women. The study sample services”. Using nationally representative DHS data and concentration
comprised 5,471 women who delivered a child in the 2 years preceding the index, and measuring FP program benefits using unwanted fertility levels,
2016 UDHS. Findings showed that 50% of mothers used EPNC services. this paper examines whether women with unwanted fertility in Africa are
Women’s residence, education level, religion, wealth status, marital status, equitably distributed by equity dimensions of residence, education and
occupation, antenatal care attendance, place of delivery, birth order, wealth quintiles. The analysis shows that although levels of unwanted
perceived accessibility of health facilities, and access to mass media fertility declined over time, women with unwanted fertility are still
messages were associated with greater use of EPNC. Multivariate analysis disproportionately concentrated among rural women and women at lower
showed that delivery at a health facility was the most important determinant levels of education and wealth quintiles. The analysis also shows that
of EPNC attendance. To increase mothers’ uptake of EPNC, programs improving the distribution of women whose demand for contraception is
could strengthen health facility delivery and ensure that EPNC is provided satisfied by a modern method in favor of rural-based women and women at
to all women before discharge. lower levels of education and wealth quintiles will reduce the disparities in
unwanted fertility.

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Bamikale Feyistan*, U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID); Shayo, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College, Moshi,
Baker Maggwa, GHSTAR Program Tanzania; C. Amour, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College,
Moshi, Tanzania; G. Mshana, National Institute of Medical Research,
87. Analyse spatiale des besoins non satisfaits en planification familiale MITU- Mwanza, Tanzania; Sia Msuya, Killimanjaro Christian University
au Bénin : une estimation à l’échelle réduite College, Moshi
Environ une femme sur trois des femmes de 15-49 ans en union au Bénin
ont des besoins non satisfaits en PF avec d’importantes variations selon la 87. Factors Associated with Contraceptive Discontinuation among
région. On ne sait rien des variations spatiales subrégionales. L’objectif de Women (15-49 Years) in Uganda.
cette étude est d’identifier les zones de forte concentration des besoins non Contraceptive discontinuation a dilemma behind full utilization of family
satisfaits en planification familiale au Bénin. A partir d’une exploitation planning services. The objective of this work is to investigate factors
rigoureuse des données de recensement et des EDS, nous estimons à associated with contraceptive discontinuation among women aged 15-49
l’échelle des arrondissements et des villages ou quartiers de villes, la years in Uganda. The study is based on secondary data set (PMA 2020) for
proportion de femmes de 15-49 ans ayant des besoins non satisfaits en PF. PMA2016 Uganda with a sample of 4047 women. The binary logistic
A l’aide du SIG, nous positionnons les résultats sur des cartes afin de regression is used at the multivariate analysis level. The overall findings
détecter visuellement les zones de concentration des besoins non satisfaits reveal that 275 women (6.8%) discontinued the use of contraceptives. The
en PF. Ces indicateurs calculés au niveau le plus fin sont indispensables logistic regression revealed that women (25-29, 30-35) had higher odds of
pour la planification, le suivi et l’évaluation des politiques de santé sexuelle discontinuing (OR = 3.7, p=0.020), (OR = 4.6, p=0.016), compared to those
et reproductive. of (15-19) age group respectively. Formerly married Women had higher
Norbert Kpadonou*, Centre de Formation et de Recherche en Matière de odds of discontinuing (OR = 4.2, p=0.007), compared to the odds of
Population currently married women. Lastly, Women concerned about their health had
higher odds of contraceptive discontinuation (OR = 1.923, p=0.044), than
87. Factors Influencing Modern Contraceptives Use among Postpartum women who had no health concerns.
Women in Bukombe District, Geita Region Julius Sseninde*, Makerere Uninversity; Allen Kabagenyi, Makerere
Introduction: Modern contraceptive use during the first year postpartum University; Hellen Namawejje, Makerere Uninversity
prevents unplanned pregnancies Objective: This study aimed to assess
factors influencing modern contraceptives use among postpartum women in 88. Youth Generation and Geospatial Technological Innovations: A
Bukombe District, Geita region. Method: A Community-based cross- Study in Nigeria
sectional study was conducted among women who were in their first year This study evaluates awareness and use of geospatial technological
after child birth in Bukombe district. A total of 511 women were studied. innovations by youths in Nigeria. The primary data used in the paper was
Results: The prevalence of postpartum modern contraceptive was 11.9%. obtained from 211 questionnaire administration survey carried out at
The most frequently used method was implant (6.5%). Living in urban University of Ibadan, Nigeria between January and April, 2017. Frequency
(AOR=1.85, 95% CI: 1.20-3.79), having business (AOR=2.35, 95% CI: analysis and descriptive statistics were used to analyze the data. The study
1.31-2.28), last born aged 3-4 months (AOR=3.31, 95% CI: 1.11-9.85) and shows among others that majority of the youths were computer literate and
menses resumption (AOR=9.24, 95% CI: 3.60-23.72) were predictors for had personal computer/laptops and cell phones that can browse. Majority of
postpartum contraceptive use. Fear of side effects, poor knowledge on the youths were aware of global positioning systems technology and had
contraceptives, husband restrictions, distance to health facility were barriers interest to learn more about it and some were willing to pay for the training.
for postpartum modern contraceptive use. Conclusion: Health education on Some of the youths were aware of geographical information systems/remote
befits of post-partum modern contraceptive use and counseling women sensing technology and were willing to be trained and pay for the training.
about its side effects may help to improve its uptake. Among the challenges they faced were lack of finance, electricity
M. J. Mahande*, Kilimanjaro Christian Medical University College; E. problem/low battery capacity of cell phones and personal

142
computers/laptops. implemented in Ghana.
Raimi A. Asiyanbola*, Osun State University Samuel Asiedu Owusu*, University of Cape Coast; Albert Machistey
Abane, University of Cape Coast; Augustine Tanle, University of Cape
88. Teaching Strategies and Effects of Learning Outcomes: A Case Coast; Yaw Asamoah, University of Education, Winneba
Study of the Extended Curriculum Programme at the University of the
Western Cape, South Africa 89. Capturer le Dividende Démographique en Afrique: cas pratique du
Thus, this paper explores the relationship between teaching strategies and Bénin
the performance of students in ECP programme. In addition to the Pour le Bénin, la notion “dividende démographique” constitue un enjeu
traditional methods of teaching, our research encompasses innovative majeur. Le pays engage des réformes et des efforts indispensables pour
teaching methods such as technology, problem solving and cooperative bénéficier de cette aubaine exceptionnelle. Le défi est d’investir davantage
learning for the Introductory Statistics Module in the ECP. The students’ dans les jeunes générations, et d’avoir une génération capable de mettre
final marks data for the academic years from 2008 to 2014 were used for l’économie du pays en mouvement. Dans ce papier on présente l’étude de
analysis. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to compare the performance of cas du Bénin pour la capture du dividende démographique. La
students over time and the Dunn’s post-hoc test with a Bonferroni méthodologie utilisée est dérivée de celle du Demographic Dividend
adjustment was used to indicate which groups were statistically Monitoring Index (DDMI). C’est un indice synthétique qui facilite la
significantly different. Results show that there was a gradual increase in compréhension des informations relatives au Dividende Démographique. Il
median achievement of class groups from 2008 to 2014 as new teaching ressort de notre étude que le DDMI du Bénin est évalué à 37,2%. Ce faible
strategies were introduced. This suggests that, though there might be other niveau de l’indicateur est principalement dû à la dépendance économique
factors that have contributed to the students’ success, the employed teaching (28,6%), au capital humain (47,9%) et aux réseaux et territoire (16,4%). Le
strategies had a positive impact on the performance of these students over déficit des jeunes de 0-27 ans est de 1 629,36 milliards de franc CFA.
time. Yédodé Ahokpossi*, Consortium Régional pour la Recherche en Economie
Philomene Nsengiyumva*, University of the Western Cape Générationnelle (CREG)

88. African Youth and Mobile Phones/Mobilities: Piloting Guidelines 89. L’Objectif de développement durable 3 (ODD3) au Maghreb :
for Responsible Mobile Phone Use by Pupils/Students and Teachers in réalité et perspective
Ghanaian Schools L’ODD3 constitue un des préoccupations majeures des pays du Maghreb
Studies have highlighted ways through which mobile phones promote or (Algérie, Maroc Tunisie). Des sacrifices et des efforts ont été déployés pour
adversely affect teaching and learning environments. Guided by the en arriver aux résultats assez satisfaisants enregistrés actuellement.
Technology Acceptance Model, a pilot study of guidelines on responsible Cependant si ces pays, dont les indicateurs sociodémographiques se
mobile phone use was implemented in 15 selected pre-tertiary schools in the rapprochaient nettement depuis le début du troisième millénaire, ont pu se
Central Region of Ghana. Posters were also pasted in the schools during the hisser en tête de liste des pays africain ayant enregistrés les meilleures
period. The Concurrent Triangulation Strategy of mixed-methods was réalisations en matière des ODDs, en 2018, ils se retrouvent toujours en
employed to evaluate the effects of the intervention after two academic face au défi de « bonne santé et bien-être » d’après le Sustainable
terms with data from 15 headteachers, 261 student/pupils and 74 teachers. Development Report 2019. Notre intervention se veut une analyse
The findings indicate that previous practices where pupils/students and comparative des cibles constituant cet ODD dans les trois pays en vue
teachers could use mobile phones during instructional hours have reduced d’identifier les points forts et les points faibles des politiques déjà engagées
substantially. The posters also served as moral reminders to the participants dans ces trois pays pour l’achèvement de cet objectif. Pour ce faire nous
to desist from using mobile phones during instructional hours. It is allons nous baser sur les indicateurs communiqués par ces payés aux
recommended that the pilot study should be scaled up while a national organismes internationaux.
policy on responsible mobile phone use should be formulated and Nacer Boulfekhar*, Université Ali Lounici Blida 2; Mohammed

143
Bedrouni, Laboratoire des Eudes de la Population, de la Santé et du in this process which have also been opportunities for learning.
Développement Durable en Algérie.Université blida 2 Lounici Ali Jane Wanjaria*, Demographer; Irene Muhunzu, Natioanl Council for
Population and Development
89. Domestication of Demographic Dividend at Country Level -
Kenya's Pathway 91. Spousal employment and fertility in West Africa
The African Union recognizes the importance of demographic dividend in This study explores whether women's employment is associated to fertility
enabling African countries achieve the Social Development Goals by 2030 reduction in urban West African context and weather the results differs
and the aspirations articulated in Agenda 2063. In this regard the Union is according to spouse’s employment. Twelve recent Demographic and Health
advocating for the incorporation of demographic dividend in national Surveys are used with survey period ranging from 2010-2017. When we
development plans as a way of accelerating socio-economic development. consider unobserved heterogeneity, preliminary results show that working
Kenya has since 2014 implemented activities aimed at domesticating the on own business or for a family member, for a woman, is positively
demographic dividend concept at both national and county levels. These associated with fertility limitation, compared to women who are not
efforts commenced with the modelling of the Country’s potential to attain a employed. The magnitude of this effect depends to spouse’s employment
demographic dividend. After establishing this potential, a survey on youth type and countries context.
was undertaken, a roadmap outlining priority DD activities that need to be Firmin Zinvi*, Université de Montréal; Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du
implemented, and guidelines for DD integration in development plans were Québec à Montréal; Thomas LeGrand, Université de Montréal
developed. These documents have contributed greatly to the domestication
of the concept at both national and county levels. Despite these efforts and 91. Attitudes de genre, emploi des femmes et intention de fécondité: Cas
successes, challenges that may hamper DD achievement exit alongside de l’agglomération de Lomé au Togo
opportunities for further domestication. Les attentes des femmes quant à la manière de combiner l’emploi et la
Francis Kundu*, National Council for Population and Development; Irene fécondité dépendent du contexte social dans lequel elles s’inscrivent.
Muhunzu, Natioanl Council for Population and Development; Peter Cependant, les femmes pourraient avoir des attitudes et perceptions
Nyakwara, National Council for Population and Development; Nzomo différents vis-à-vis de la vie familiale et professionnelle, en milieu urbain,
Mulatya, National Council for Population and Development où elles peuvent être exposées à d’autres normes. Ainsi, cette étude a pour
objectif de cerner l’effet de l’emploi des femmes sur l’intention de fécondité
89. Operationalizing the Demographic Dividend within the Context of via l’hétérogénéité des attitudes de genre à l’égard de la vie familiale et
the Agenda 2063 and 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: professionnelle. Les données de l’Enquête longitudinale sur les femmes et
Abstract: Major Milestones towards Operationalizing Demographic leurs enfants réalisée en 2018 à Lomé seront mobilisées. La régression
Dividend: A Case Study for Kenya Demographic Dividend (DD) potential logistique sera utilisée comme méthode d’analyse. Nous espérons un effet
is a temporary window of opportunity for a country to achieve accelerated positif de l’emploi des femmes sur l’intention de limiter les naissances chez
economic growth as a result of strategic investments in education, health, les femmes qui auront une attitude de genre moins traditionnelle vis-à-vis
governance and economic policies. It alters the age structure of a population de la vie familiale et professionnelle.
where more people move in the working age population while supporting Firmin Zinvi*, Université de Montréal; Visseho Adjiwanou, Université du
fewer dependants as a result of falling number of children per woman. Québec à Montréal; Thomas LeGrand, Université de Montréal
Kenya has achieved major milestones in operationalizing the DD through
developing of a DemDiv Model for Kenya which produced four scenarios, 93. Level and Correlates of Health Insurance Coverage in Nigeria:
gathering data to respond to the model, packaging the data for policy Evidence from 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey.
makers buy-in; domesticating the African Union DD roadmap; identifying Health insurance is key to Universal Health Coverage. In Nigeria, there are
county specific opportunities for DD and engaging the policy makers and various health insurance schemes but coverage has been reported to be very
media. However, there are some challenges that have also been encountered low for various reasons. In developing policies and strategies to increase

144
coverage, understanding the barriers to uptake is vital. Hence, this study structure on adolescent healthcare utilisation has remained largely neglected
investigated the level and correlates of health insurance coverage in Nigeria. in existing literature. Methods: Secondary data obtained from 2017 General
Data from the 2013 Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (n=54,948) Household Survey was analysed among a weighted sample of 662,984
was analyzed using Stata 14. It was found that health insurance coverage is adolescents aged 10-19 years who did not consult a health worker in the
low in Nigeria and the factors that significantly predict ownership of health past three months preceding the survey, as a result of illness. Chi-square
insurance are age, level of education, household wealth index, type of tests and binary logistic regression methods were employed. Results: The
occupation, ethnicity, and level of exposure to mass media. In ensuring odds of non-utilisation of healthcare services are 1.52 times higher among
good health and wellbeing for all by 2030, health insurance is important and adolescents who live in child-headed households and 7.08 times higher
it is recommended that just as it is being done in some states, the national among adolescents who are raised by non-related adults in relation to
government should consider subsidizing health insurance for all adolescents who are raised in nuclear families Conclusion: It is crucial to
Oluwatobi Alawode*, Obafemi Awolowo University recognize the heterogeneity of family structures and the role they play in
adolescent wellbeing, in particular, access to healthcare services.
93. Unawareness of Health Insurance Expiration Status among Women Khuthala Mabetha*; Nicole De Wet - Billings, University of the
of Reproductive-Age in Northern Ghana: Implications for Achieving Witwatersrand; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand
Universal Health Coverage
Ghana implemented a national health insurance scheme to promote the 93. La non couverture par l'assurance maladie de la population
provision of affordable and equitable healthcare. However, over a decade of togolaise: essai d'explication
implementation, active enrollment onto the scheme is still low. We assess Malgré les efforts déployés par l’Etat togolais, seulement 5,8% de la
factors explaining this problem by examining correlates of insurance status population togolaise bénéficie d’une couverture du risque maladie. De ce
unawareness using a random probability cross-sectional survey of 5,914 fait, 2,33% des togolais s’appauvrissent et 0,38% sont exposés aux dépenses
reproductive-age women. Respondents were asked if they currently have a catastrophiques pour des raisons de santé (EDST III, 2013-2014). Le
valid health insurance card. Those who answered yes were then requested to profilage issu de l'analyse descriptive multivariée montre que les personnes
show their cards, thereby enabling interviewers to determine their validity. non assurées sont des personnes défavorisées en termes de moyens
61.1% of respondents who reported to be enrolled could produce their cards financiers, de niveau d’instruction et de milieu de résidence alors que les
and 34.4% of these were expired. Factors predicting unawareness of card personnes assurées en sont favorisées. Au niveau explicatif, la part
expiration were occupation, district and socioeconomic status. Unawareness d’explication attribuable aux caractéristiques individuelles est de 52% alors
was observed to increase monotonically with relative poverty. Educational qu’elle est de 48% pour les caractéristiques contextuelles. Les effets
messages aimed at improving health insurance coverage should include the aléatoires des milieux de résidence expliquent aussi les inégalités en matière
promotion of annual renewal and also focus on information needs of low d'assurance maladie au Togo. La hiérarchisation de tous les facteurs fait
socioeconomic groups. dégager deux facteurs importants contribuant plus à l’explication de la non-
Edmund Kanmiki*; Ayaga Bawah, Regional Institute for Population couverture du risque maladie : le niveau d’instruction et le statut
Studies; Patrick Asuming, University of Ghana; Koku Awoonor- d'occupation.
Williams, Ghana Health Service; James F. Phillips, Heilbrunn Vénunyé Claude Kondo Tokpovi*, INSEED
Department of Population and Family Health, Columbia University, New
York, NY 10032, USA 94. Climate Change, Social Well-Being and Disease Pattern in Urban
Nigeria
93. Assessing the Correlates of Non-Utilisation of Healthcare Services As most disease eradication drives dwell more on controlling the proximal
among Adolescents in South Africa:Does Family Structure Matter? causes of diseases, this study investigates the impact of climatic parameters
Introduction: Although previous studies have examined the effect of family and the population’s social well-being on disease prevalence on the premise
structure on several domains of adolescent wellbeing, the effect of family that these conditions promote the preponderance of the proximal causes.

145
Data on rainfall and temperature, socioeconomic indices and malaria Distribution of source of drinking water; duration of breastfeeding and
prevalence were analyzed using Standard Deviation, Kurtosis, Pearson ethnicity contributed in widening the gap by 54%, 23% and 18%
Product Moment Correlation and Multiple Regression. The results show an respectively. Distribution of mother’s age at birth and ever use of
increase in malaria prevalence while changes in the climatic parameters and contraceptives contributed to the reduction of the gap by 7% and 2%
socioeconomic conditions accounted for 78.6% of the variations in malaria respectively. Policies should focus on enhancing provision of health
prevalence (R2 = 0.786, P = 0.001). The regression equation was used to services and improving socioeconomic factors in urban areas to improve
project the incidence of malaria in the study area from 310 cases per 1,000 child survival and reduce observed inequalities.
Population in 2016 to 366 cases per 1,000 Population in 2050. Greater Ezekiel N. Ngure*, Population Studies and Research Institute, University
attention should be paid to improving the socioeconomic conditions of the of Nairobi
population for improved urban health.
Yemi Adewoyin*, University of Nigeria, Nsukka; Thompson A. 94. Filling the gaps in cause-specific mortality in Senegal: a verbal
Adeboyejo, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology autopsy study in death registration centers in Dakar
This research was conducted to evaluate the contribution of verbal autopsies
94. Urban-Rural Inequalities in Mortality across Age Groups: A (VA) integrated in the 72 civil registration centers of the Dakar region.
Systematic Analysis of Survey Data in Low- and Middle-Income Reported deaths over a two-month period were identified and the 2016
Countries WHO-VA instrument was administered to relatives of the deceased. The
Evidence from sub-Saharan Africa suggests that while under-five mortality InterVA5 software identified the main causes and circumstances of death.
is higher in rural areas, adult mortality is often higher in urban areas. We VA were completely administered to 42.8% of deaths reported in vital
systematically map these spatial differences in mortality over the life-course registration centers, and 66.7% of eligible cases. Death occurred at home in
in low- and middle-income countries, examining how rural-urban disparities 35.9% of cases, in a health facility in 36.6%. The primary respondent
evolve as mortality rates decline and countries urbanise. We build on 133 designated to answer the questions was the father or mother of the deceased,
Demographic and Health Surveys with full birth and sibling histories. Risk in 39.5% of the cases. The analysis of the causes of death found a
of dying in childhood is estimated using event history analysis for neonatal, preponderance of cardiovascular diseases. VA integrated in vital
child and early adolescence. Sibling survival is used to estimate mortality registration centers are an accessible mean of collecting cause-of-death data
for 15-19 year olds, 20-34 and 35-50 year olds. Findings suggest that in in urban settings in Senegal to strengthen the health information system.
higher mortality countries, inequalities are greater. Rural mortality remains Khadim Niang*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Bruno Masquelier,
higher amongst 5-14 year olds. In adulthood there is a crossover to higher Université Catholique de Louvain; Jean A. D. Tine, Institut de Santé et
urban mortality in many countries. Développement (ISED); Amadou Ibra Diallo, Institut de Santé et
Ashira Menashe Oren*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Bruno Développement (ISED); Samba Ndiaye, Agence Nationale de la Statistique
Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain et de la Démographie (ANSD)

94. Explaining the Rural-Urban Gap in Infant Mortality in Kenya. 95. Processus électoral dans un contexte d'absence d'un fichier d'état-
Rural-urban differentials in infant mortality is well documented in Kenya, civil: Cas de la RDC
ignoring factors contributing to the rural-urban gap. This study establishes Ce papier expose la stratégie de la Commission Électorale Nationale
factors contributing to widening or narrowing the rural-urban gap in Kenya. Indépendante (CENI/RDC) pour capter les électeurs dans un pays sans
2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Survey data was used. Factors fichier d’état civil et en situation de post-conflit. Au terme de 18 mois,
significantly associated with infant mortality were analyzed using Blinder- 46.975.482 enregistrements ont été effectués. Après nettoyage du fichier,
Oaxaca Decomposition Model and their contribution to the gap computed. ces effectifs sont tombés à 39.768.492 électeurs. Cette opération
92% of the rural-urban gap was explained by differences in distribution of d’identification et d’enrôlement a permis la mise en évidence des stratégies
covariates while 8% was due to their differences in coefficients. conçues par les acteurs politiques pour augmenter les effectifs des enrôles

146
de leurs circonscriptions dans le but de bénéficier d’un nombre important de monetary poverty are mixed and directly follow from effects on sharing
sièges dans les organes délibérants respectifs Quant à la répartition des rules: child poverty is worse with PSNP and its joint with allied transfers,
sièges, elle se fait selon les dispositions de la loi électorale qui but better with allied transfers alone. Stunting among under-seven children
recommandent la prise en compte du : - quotient électoral ; - nombre is worse with PW. Children in single-mother families participating in PW
d’électeurs de la circonscription ; - principe du plus fort reste. are better off compared to those in male-headed families. Undesirable
Joseph Senda Lusamba*, COMMISSION ELECTORALE NATIONALE impacts may require revising the schemes to a “cash plus” form such as by
INDEPENDANTE incorporating parental awareness on fertility, child nutrition and education.
Getachew Yirga Belete*, Bahir Dar University
96. Impacts of an Education Cash Transfer and a Girls Empowerment
Program on Adolescent Girls’ Education, Health and Economic 96. Unconditional Cash Transfers and Multidimensional Child Poverty
Outcomes in Kenya With the introduction of the Sustainable Development Goals, there is a
Early adolescence is a critical window for intervention prior to negative renewed interest in reducing child poverty as measured multidimensionally.
outcomes occurring and for laying a foundation for a healthy future in later Social protection are a leading tool to address poverty and vulnerability in
adolescence and early adulthood. Given the role of poverty as a hindrance low- and middle-income settings, however there is little evidence on their
to development, cash transfers have become a more common intervention, ability to effect multi-dimensional child poverty. We utilize a three-year
including those aiming to improve adolescent outcomes. The Adolescent experimental evaluation of Malawi’s unconditional cash transfer to assess
Girls Initiative – Kenya (AGI-K) is a randomized trial testing the effects of impacts on multi-dimensional poverty using the Multiple Overlapping
a conditional education cash transfer alone and combined with a group- Deprivation Approach. We find that although the program decreased
based girls empowerment program for young adolescent girls in the Kibera monetary poverty among children, there were limited impacts on multi-
informal settlement in Nairobi and rural Wajir County. Respondents in the dimensional headcounts. However, cash transfers reduced the intensity of
study arm with the combined intervention had positive results across the multi-dimensional poverty among the full sample, and showed larger
widest range of indicators and the effect size of the education results were impacts on younger children and boys. In addition, impacts on specific
stronger for those who received the cash transfer and actively participated in domains like health, nutrition and water deprivations provide promising
the girls empowerment programs as compared to those who received only evidence to encourage further research on potential and constraints of large-
the cash transfer. scale cash transfer programming to reduce holistic measures of poverty for
Karen Austrian*, Population Council - Kenya; Erica Soler-Hampejsek; vulnerable children.
Beth Kangwana, Population Council; Yohannes Dibaba Wado, African Idrissa Ouili*, Université de Montréal; Lucia Ferrone, Università degli
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Benta A. Abuya, Studi di Firenze; Amber Peterman, University of North Carolina at
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); John A. Chapel Hill; Sudhanshu Handa, University of North Carolina at Chapel
Maluccio, Middlebury College Hill; Gustavo Angeles, National Institute of Public Health (INSP), Mexico
and University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
96. Impacts of Social Protection Programs on Children's Resources and
Well-Being: Evidence from Ethiopia 96. Nutritional and Schooling Impact of a Cash Transfer Program in
Ethiopia's Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) is Africa's second largest Ethiopia: A Retrospective Analysis of Childhood Exposure
social protection program with public works (PW) and direct support (DS) The rate of malnutrition among under-five children in the Ethiopia is among
components. The study evaluates joint and separate impacts of PSNP and the highest in the world and Sub-Saharan Africa. Malnutrition and
allied transfers on children's bargaining power and well-being. Inverse- deprivation have devastating direct effects on children and pregnant women
probability-weighted regression adjustment provides the impacts. Using as well as indirect socio-economic impacts. Since 2005 the Government of
2013/14 LSMS-ISA data from Ethiopia, we find that PSNP and joint PNSP- Ethiopia has been implementing a large-scale social protection program
allied transfers slightly reduce children’s resource shares. Impacts on child throughout the country, with the aim to improve nutrition and food security,

147
decrease poverty and, thereby, enhance human capital accumulation. This younger ages is assumed to provide more consistent results. In this paper,
paper investigates the direct impact of this program on long-term we evaluate and compare some models to extend mortality rates beyond the
anthropometric measures of nutritional status and the indirect effects on age of 80 for the Algerian population. Based on the extrapolated mortality
educational attainment. Our research design combines differences in rates, we re-estimated the life expectancy at birth. The comparison of this
program intensity across regions with differences across cohorts induced by last showed a gap of +1 year on average on the period [1977, 2014]
the timing of the program. Difference-indifference estimates suggest that compared to official statistics.
early childhood exposure to the program leads to better nutritional status Farid Flici*, Centre de Recherche en Economie Appliquée pour le
and hence higher human capital accumulation. Results are robust to Développement (CREAD )
different measures of program intensity, estimation samples, empirical
models and some placebo tests. 97. « Les défis de l’objectif 3 du programme de développement durable
Mengesha Yayo Negasi*, AddisAbaba Science and Technology University; horizon 2030 : le cas du Plan sésame au Sénégal »
Mariapia Mendola, University of Milano_Bicocca Au Sénégal les systèmes de sécurité sociale, du fait de leur faible couverture
sociale et sanitaire, mettent en marge près de 70% des personnes âgées.
97. Assessing the Quality of National Life Tables in Algeria Using Pour réagir à cette situation le Plan Sésame de soins gratuits pour les
Specific Surveys personnes âgées est initié en 2006. Aujourd’hui, la situation de cette
Civil status represents the main source of data needed to estimate politique est préoccupante les structures de santé ne sont plus en mesure de
demographic indicators including mortality rates and life tables. One way to répondre à la demande de soins en faveur des personnes âgées qui, pourtant,
estimate the completeness of civil records is by comparison to a parallel est de plus en plus croissante. Ceci constitue un défi mangeur pour l’objectif
source of data, i.e., surveys data. When its coverage is incomplete, a critical 3 du programme de développement durable. Cette étude analyse le
question is raised, is it enough to rely on only one source while others are processus de mise en œuvre du Plan Sésame. La recherche repose sur des
available? Thus, it is deemed necessary to explore surveys data to abolish données qualitatives collectées au moyen de trois techniques : entretiens
the lack in information, enhance results quality and thus providing reliable individuels, administration de questionnaires, et étude documentaire. Ceci a
estimates that serve our needs. The present paper deals with mortality permis de mesurer son degré d’effectivité et d’efficacité, et d’identifier des
analysis within the Algerian population, where a nationally representative stratégies de relance dans la perspective d’atteinte des ODD.
household survey; the Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey MICS; is used as a Yakhame Gueye*, Université de Thiès
comparison reference to improve the quality of national life tables delivered
by the Office of National Statistics (ONS). The findings will have a great 97. Disparités intergénérationnelles d'enregistrement des naissances et
interest to establish more efficient policies. décès au Cameroun : le cas de la ville de Bafia.
Meryem Chinoune*, ENSSEA; Farid Flici, Centre de Recherche en En 2017 dans la ville de Bafia, les niveaux d’enregistrement des naissances
Economie Appliquée pour le Développement (CREAD ) et décès se situaient respectivement à 88,3% et 29,5%. Une analyse
intergénérationnelle avait révélé contrairement aux attentes, un meilleur
97. Closing-out the Algerian life tables : for more accuracy and taux de déclaration des vieilles générations par rapport aux jeunes. Les
adequacy at old-ages déclarations des naissances et des décès augmentaient avec les générations,
Due to data unavailability or irregularity beyond a certain age, particularly ce qui impliquait un faible taux de déclaration aux jeunes âges par rapport
in developing countries, the model life tables are an unavoidable solution to aux âges avancés. L’objet de cette étude est de rendre compte de ces
estimate the old ages mortality. As an international standard, this tool disparités intergénérationnelles en défaveur des plus jeunes, à partir des
provides approximate estimates which are not well adapted to specific données de l’étude réalisée en 2017 par l’IFORD à Bafia. L’hypothèse
countries context. Thus, the obtained results are not always satisfying, générale est que le processus de modernisation de l’état civil au Cameroun a
especially when the model life tables are not correctly used. Thereby, créé des effets pervers au niveau local qui se traduisent par un recul de la
estimating the old ages mortality by extrapolating the trend observed at déclaration des naissances et des décès. Cette hypothèse sera vérifiée à

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l’aide des analyses de régression logistique binomiale sur des modèles identified and are currently implementing specific advocacy objectives. The
générationnels. data collected in this study have practical implications for policy
Hamidou Kone*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche Démographiques development, implementation, and programmatic design, while also
(IFORD); Dimititri Stève Agogue, Ministère de l'Économie, de la underscoring the value of elevating youth voices in analyzing and acting on
Planification et de l'Aménagement du Territoire the social context for policy commitment and implementation.
Elizabeth Leahy Madsen*, Population Reference Bureau (PRB); Burcu
99. Challenges of Contraceptive Use among Pastoral Adolescent Girls Bozkurt, International Youth Alliance for Family Planning; Jill Chanley,
in Karamoja in Uganda Population Reference Bureau; Marissa Falk, Population Reference
Use of contraception prevents unintended pregnancies, reduces maternal Bureau; Ramya Jawahar, International Youth Alliance for Family
mortality, and transmission of HIV/AIDS. However, contraceptive use Planning; Christine Power, Population Reference Bureau; Lena
continues to be low in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) with only 28.5 percent of Zaguesome, International Youth Alliance for Family Planning
women aged 15-49 using modern contraception. In Uganda, despite the
efforts to reduce unintended pregnancies, unmet need for contraception is 99. An Assessment of the Impact of Lack of Quality Youth Friendly
still high (30.4 percent) among adolescents. Recognizing the experiences of Health Services
adolescent girls in using contraception is relevant in increasing access to In 2007 Malawi adopted the Youth Friendly Health Service Strategy
contraception for pastoral adolescent girls. The study aimed at examining (YFHS) to improve the access to sexual reproductive health and rights
the challenges of pastoral adolescent girls in Karamoja in the use of modern services(SRHR) among young people from 10-24. Although the YFHS
contraception. Data were obtained through in-depth interviews, Focus Strategy was adopted, implementation was ineffective with only 31.8%
Group discussions, and key informant interviews. Results showed that the young people having reached with information and 13% having access to
nature of livelihoods limits uses of contraception for adolescent girls. the services. YFHS are high-quality services that respond to the general
Furthermore, experiences of adolescents in using contraception is linked to health, especially sexual and reproductive health and rights needs of young
low use of services. Increasing use of contraception for pastoral adolescents people. Furthermore, statistics point that Key and Vulnerable populations
requires first tackling contextual issues that impede access. i.e. young Men having sex with Men (MSM)and young Female Sex
Stella Achen*, Makerere University; Charles B. Rwabukwali, Workers, don't have access to YFHS with several contributing factors;
Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Makererre University; Peter negative provider attitudes, long distances to YFHS access points, and lack
Atekyereza, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Makererre of confidentiality as some of the reasons for discontinued use of YFHS.
University Therefore SAT's Youth hub conducted a project with other partners in four
districts to increase access to Quality YFHS among Key and Vulnerable
99. Assessing Implementation Gaps in Youth-Friendly Services in Five Populations.
Countries Foster Mafiala*, SRHR AFRICA TRUST (SAT)
We conducted a mixed methods research study to assess gaps in
implementation of policies that support youth-friendly contraceptive 99. Estimating Adolescent Abortion Incidence and Unintended
services (YFS) across five countries: Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Pregnancy in Zimbabwe
Nigeria, and Uganda. We conducted 224 key informant interviews, 59 focus This paper provides the first estimation of age-specific abortion incidence in
group discussions with 266 youth, and an online survey of 118 youth. The Zimbabwe, and examines differences in abortion among adolescents by
research generated a rich dataset of challenges, successes, and opportunities marital status and urban and rural residence. We utilized an age-specific
related to YFS implementation, which were analyzed and disseminated with approach of the Abortion Incidence Complications Methodology, an
youth in each country through a five-day workshop focused on data indirect estimation approach, to estimate age-specific abortion rates. We
validation and policy communication. After participating in a guided utilized three surveys: the Health Facility Survey, a census of 227 facilities
advocacy strategy exercise, teams of youth advocates in each country that provide post abortion care (PAC); the Health Professional Survey, a

149
purposive sample of key informants knowledgeable about abortion (n=118); over) from the Lilongwe were interviewed regarding their physical and
and the Prospective Morbidity Survey of PAC patients (n=1002). mental health. The Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI),
Adolescent women aged 15-19 had the lowest abortion rate compared to was used among the respondents. RESULTS Major depressive episode
other age groups, and women aged 30-34 had the highest abortion rate in prevalence was 95 % among the survey respondents. We found a strong
Zimbabwe. Unintended pregnancy levels were similar across age groups, association between major depressive episode and reported chronic health
and adolescent women had the lowest percent of unintended pregnancies problems and regularly drinking alcohol. CONCLUSION Major depressive
that ended in induced abortion (9%) compared to all other age groups. disorder is a reality for many urban residents in Malawi and throughout sub-
Taylor Riley*, Guttmacher Institute; Gerald Madziyire, University of Saharan Africa. Countries in the region should incorporate aspects of
Zimbabwe; Tsungai Chipato, University of Zimbabwe, College of Health mental health prevention and treatment as part of overall approaches to
Sciences – Clinical Trails Research Centre; Elizabeth A. Sully, improving health. .
Guttmacher Institute Jacque Kalongosola*, Malawi; Dr Chifundo Zimba, Malawi

100. Suicide Ideation and Its Correlates among University 100. Factors Associated with Depression in the Isizulu Speaking
Undergraduates in South Western Nigeria Population of South Africa
In Nigeria, suicide is one of the leading causes of death among young Mental health has become an important global public health concern as it
people aged 15 to 29 years, yet there is dearth of studies with focus on has been recognized that mental disorders hinder the functioning and the
associated risk factors. This study focuses on potential social factors that are quality of life of many people worldwide. South Africa has a high burden of
associated with suicidal ideation among emerging adults in universities in disease from mental disorders as it is estimated that one third of South
Nigeria. Based on a concurrent mixed method design, a survey was Africans experience mental disorders in their lifetime. Depression is a
conducted among a proportionate sample of 500 emerging adults (18- common mental disorder which high prevalence worldwide and causes ill
25years that are undergraduates) with four focus group discussion among health and disability. There is a paucity of research on depression in Black
the same group and six interviews among social workers in two Nigerian population of South Africa. This study focuses on the isiZulu speaking
public universities. Quantitative evidence implicated irregular financial population and the objective was to investigate the demographic and
support (OR=0.60; p<0.05) and broken intimate relationship (OR=1.57; socioeconomic factors associated with depression. The findings of the study
P<0.05), and the qualitative findings described academic challenges, suggest that those who are middle aged, those living in rural formal areas
substance abuse, and parents ’marital problems as predisposing factors to and those having a fair perceived health status are more likely to be
suicidal ideation. Factors in the network of relationships of emerging adults, depressed in the isiZulu speaking population of South Africa.
contradictions in social expectations and inadequate support systems are Thembelihle Q. Luthuli*, University of KwaZulu-Natal
predisposing factors to suicide ideation.
Ojo M. Agunbiade, Obafemi Awolowo University and University of the 100. The Effects of Socio-Economic Factors on Depression and
Witwatersrand; Ayodele Ajibola*, Department of Sociology and Perceived Health Status (Phs) among a Cohort of Young People (15-24)
Anthropology, Obafemi Awolowo University in South Africa: Evidence from the National Income Dynamics Study
(Nids) Waves 1-5.
100. Mental Health and Urban Living in Sub-Saharan Africa: Major This study will look at the incidence of depression and reports of bad PHS
Depressive Episodes among the Urban Poor in Lilongwe, Malawi. among a cohort of young people across the 5 waves of the South African
BACKGROUND The burden of major depressive disorder and its social National Income Dynamics Study (NIDS) and will examine the effect of
risk factors in the urban sub-Saharan African population are not well socio-economic factors (education level, employment status and household
understood and estimates vary widely. We conducted a study in Lilongwe , wealth) on these two outcomes. The data sets to be used are from NIDS
Malawi , in order to estimate the prevalence of major depressive episodes waves 1-5. NIDS was conducted biannually from 2008 to 2017. Descriptive
among adults in this urban setting. METHODS 2,187 adults (aged 15 and analysis and Mixed Effects Regression (MER) analysis will be conducted.

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The results suggest that about 12% - 20% of the population at each wave men and women. HIV testing promotion programs, testing strategies must
were depressed and that less than 10% of the population at each wave be adapted to the context of the setting up of these programs. Efforts to
reported bad PHS. The regression results show that the odds of depression promote education and to sensitize the public on attitudes of tolerance need
increase with age while the odds of reporting bad PHS reduce with age and to be continued and supported.
that females are more likely to be depressed and less likely to report bad Emmanuel Idohou*, Aix-Marseille Université
PHS.
Nelly Ruth Nkhoma*, University of Cape Town; Catriona Towriss, 101. The Impact of Quality Sexual Education on HIV/AIDS in Zambia:
University of Cape Town Evidence from a Natural Experience
This paper focuses on the manner in which quality sexual education is
101. Gender Differential and Social Determinants on Treatments of associated with HIV-related knowledge, stigma and risky sexual behaviour
Tuberculosis/HIV Co-Infected Patients in Zambians. The implementation of the Comprehensive Sexuality
Progress in tuberculosis control in developing countries will require not Education program (CSE) since 2014 from grades 5 to 12 provides a natural
only increasing investment in tuberculosis control programs but also action experiment. Data are drawn from the recent and original 2016 Zambian
on the social determinants of tuberculosis.This study will examine social Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment survey (ZAMPHIA). Two-way
determinants in the treatment outcome of tuberculosis/HIV co-infected fixed-effects double difference and triple difference approaches are used to
patients. The study collected data from the Direct Observed Treatment test our hypothesis. We found that quality of sex education reduced the
Short (DOTS) Clinic of the Nigerian Institute of Medical Research (NIMR). number of risky sexual behaviours among those who received the CSE
All the patients enrolled between 2011-2016 were study population for the curriculum by 0.28, while as expected it was associated with a higher
study but the patients which were co-infected with TB and HIV was used as probability to abstained from sex (0.15 points) and a greater number of
the focus of this study. The eligible patients were 190 male and 280 female correct HIV-related knowledge (0.42 points). No significant association was
patients. It was found that there was no gender difference in the found between quality of sex education and HIV-related stigma. These
treatment/control rates in the study but there were notable gender results point to the importance of investing in high quality sexual education
differential in the social factors that influences the TB/HIV co-infected to combat the HIV-AIDS progression.
patients outcome. Thus it is very crucial to give special attention to gender Arlette Simo Fotso*, World Bank Group ; Sally E. Findley, Columbia
equity and consideration to that vulnerable groups. University and ICAP-NY
Sunday Matthew Abatan*, Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Opeyemi
Ogungbola, Federal University of technology, Akure; Lorretta Favour C. 101. The determinants of the demand for hiv testing among
Ntoimo, Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Mustapha Giro Usman, Federal cameroonian women
University Benin-Kebbi; Adesoji Ogunsakin, federal university, oye ekiti The objective of this paper is, based on the Andersen’s behavioral model, to
identify the factors that affect the demand for HIV screening test by
101. Multilevel analysis of the HIV testing in Burkina Faso Cameroonian women. Using data from the Cameroonian DHS conducted in
Burkina Faso, one of the countries of low HIV prevalence, has like other 2011, the distribution of HIV testing by predisposing, enabling and need
countries in sub- Saharan Africa, a low rate of HIV testing. While studies factors was done in a first step, to assess the proportion of women ever been
have been conducted to identify barriers and individual factors associated tested. Secondly, a probit model was estimated with all these factors to
with HIV testing, few have documented the effects of context. This research analyse their relationship with the dependant variable. The main findings
has identified the individual and contextual factors of HIV testing in show that among the predisposing and enabling factors, marital status,
Burkina Faso by using the data from demographic and health survey (2010). occupation and ethnicity, as well as level of education, wealth, transmission
The results show that context influences HIV testing even though it is more and prevention knowledge and HIV observed stigma, were positively
dependent on the characteristics of individuals. Education and tolerance related to HIV testing. Among need factors, women who did use condom
with people living with HIV are key determinants of HIV testing for both during the last sex encounter and women who have already given birth were

151
those who were more likely to be tested for HIV. Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene*, Université de Kinshasa and Statistics
Rosy Pascale Tchouapi Meyet*, Université de dschang; Patrick Plane, Canada; Jose Mangalu Mobhe, University of Kinshasa
Université Clermont Auvergne; Aloysius Njong Mom, Université de
bamenda 102. Climate Change and Forced Migration from Mai Adu’a Local
Government Area in Desert Prone Front Line State Katsina, Nigeria
102. Urbanisation, mobilité et fonctionnement de l’offre de transport à This study examined the climate change impact and one of the effects, force
Yaoundé migration, and its associated problems. Purposive sampling technique was
Ce papier évalue le lien entre l’urbanisation, les comportements de mobilité adopted in sampling 250 respondents who were mainly family members of
et le fonctionnement de l’offre de transport à Yaoundé. Il s’agit out-migrants from Mai Adu’a Katsina State, Nigeria. The results revealed
spécifiquement d’évaluer l’influence des indicateurs urbains d’une zone that climate change leads to climatic variation over the space with numerous
d’origine sur les choix de mobilités et les coûts. Utilisant les données effects on the environment such as intermittent droughts,
collectées par la Communauté Urbaine de Yaoundé en 2010, et des modèles desertification/deforestation. Many people in the study area either migrated
économétriques tels que le logit multinomial et des régressions continues, to South-Western Nigeria especially Lagos, Oyo states, etc., to serve as
ce papier montre que les indicateurs urbains telles que les densités, security guards and other low-skilled workers or petty trading leaving all or
l’accessibilité, et les distances origine-centre centre-destination influencent some members of their families at home. Majority of respondents (58%)
les choix de mobilité et ont un impact sur le coût. L’étalement urbain, dû à indicated that the head of the households migrated as a result of poor
la forte croissance urbaine non contrôlée par les collectivités territoriales, harvest due to diminishing or fluctuating rains/drought and/or drying of
joue un rôle négatif dans le fonctionnement de l’offre de transport urbain river. It is recommended that inter basin water transfers should be embarked
parce qu’il favorise l’offre artisanal de petite capacité et réduit l’efficacité upon in the study Area.
du transport collectif de masse moins coûteux. Les résultats recommandent Salisu Lawal Halliru*, Federal College Of Education Kano
de réguler l’étalement pour faciliter l’accessibilité aux transports de masse.
Jean Patrick Mfoulou Olugu*, Communauté Urbaine de Yaoundé 102. Drivers of Migration Intentions in the Volta Delta: The Role of
Climate-Related Hazards and Adaptation Strategies
102. Regional Differences of Causal Effects of Urbanization on The decision to migrate involves multiple causes and motivations with
Fertility. Evidence from 174 Demographic Health Surveys (1990-2011) environmental risks subsumed by economic and other dimensions. Deltas
Demographers and Economists documented the relationship between are rich in natural resources but vulnerable to climate-related hazards,
urbanization and fertility. They found lower fertility levels in urban areas. which has resulted in some out-migration in the region. There have been
However, this finding is debatable given that regressing urbanization on some interventions specifically, in the Volta delta to minimize the climate-
fertility assumes “homogeneity” between urban and rural areas. Yet it is related effects however, there is no information on how that has helped in
well known that urban and rural areas are very unlike on many factors reversing the out-migration situation. Again, there is little knowledge of the
strongly correlated with fertility (e.g., education, women’s employment, age key drivers of migration in the area. Using data from the 2016 DECCMA
at marriage). Whether the urbanization-fertility relationship is causal or a household survey in Ghana, we found that exposure to drought does not
mere association still remains a crucial unanswered question due to the trigger migration intentions however, exposure to erosion and salinity does.
cross-sectional nature of data. Using Poisson regression models with Also, households whose main livelihood is ecosystem based were less likely
endogenous treatment effects to account for the rural-urban heterogeneity, to have the intention to migrate compared with those whose livelihoods
this paper revisited the relationship between place of residence and children were non-ecosystem based. The study provides insight into future migration
ever born from 174 DHS in developing countries. We found a causal intentions and drivers of migration in the Volta delta.
negative and significant effect of urbanization on fertility. These effects Mumuni Abu*, University of Ghana
varied over time. These variations are categorized as “enhancing”,
“constant”, or “diminishing” effect between urbanization and fertility.

152
103. The Disparate Roles of Migration, Reclassification and Vital Rates 103. Internal Migration and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: The
in the Urban Transition in Sub-Saharan Africa Contrasting Effect of Migrant Status on Mortality over the Life-Course
Rural to urban migration is often considered the driving force behind Internal migration accounts for the majority of movement globally,
urbanisation, yet shifts in proportions urban can also result from however, evidence on the relationship between internal migration and
reclassification and changing vital rates. We aim to identify the contribution health is scarce. Studies have contributed mixed evidence regarding the
of these demographic forces to urbanisation and examine these trends in direction of this relationship, and it is not clear whether the relationship is
sub-Saharan Africa. Using 39 IPUMS censuses and 80 DHS surveys we consistent over the life course. The aim of this paper is to explore
directly estimate rural-urban migration flows between 1976 to 2016. We differences in mortality by in- and return migrant status from birth to age
compare these estimates to net rural-urban flows based on UN data to 80. Cox proportional hazards models are used to analyse longitudinal
ascertain the contribution of reclassification to urbanisation. We also mortality data from 29 sub-Saharan African Health and Demographic
examine migration trends between rural-capital city, rural-other urban, and Surveillance Systems over the period 1990 to 2015. The results suggest that
other urban-capital city flows for a nuanced understanding of the migrants have a higher risk of mortality, with return migrants being at
urbanisation process. Our models indicate that natural growth is negligible greater risk than in-migrants, as compared to permanent residents.
at the beginning of the urban transition, and then becomes dominant once However, infants born to migrant mothers may have a survival advantage.
the percent urban exceeds 30%. In contrast, the contribution of rural-urban There is evidence of an adaptation effect across all ages, with the risk of
migration declines, and we find instead greater urban-capital city migration mortality reducing with duration following migration.
flows. Carren Ginsburg*, University of the Witwatersrand; Philippe Bocquier,
Philippe Bocquier, Université Catholique de Louvain; Ashira Menashe Université Catholique de Louvain; Ashira Menashe Oren, Université
Oren*, Université Catholique de Louvain; Stefanija Veljanoska, Catholique de Louvain; Collinson Mark, University of the Witwatersrand
Université Catholique de Louvain; Joan Damiens, Université Catholique
de Louvain 103. The Levels and Socio-Demographic Factors of Fertility among
Migrant and Non-Migrant Females in South Africa
103. International Migration and Government Policies: Immigration Within South Africa, inequalities continue to spread; these are clearly
vs. Emigration Restrictions depicted by indices of maternal health care as well as inequalities in
This paper studies the relationship between migration policies and accessing health facilities. The field of fertility has been extensively
migration flows. The analysis collects information on immigration and researched, however a dearth in literature still exists in investigating solely
emigration policies from the World Population Policies database in order to the levels and socio-demographic characteristics associated with fertility
obtain a measure on migration restrictions of 41 destination and 195 origin among rural-urban migrant females. This study is cross-sectional, which
countries. It codes government policies on migration according to their utilises the SADHS 2016. The study population were 1 534 rural-urban
restrictiveness and combines this information with biannual data on migrant females (15-49 years). The outcome variable is the number of
migration flows between 41 destination and 228 origin territories for the ‘children ever born’. Using Poisson regression model, this study examine
period 2001-2012. It then uses a gravity framework in order to determine the differentials in fertility levels and socio-demographic characteristics
the potential impact of immigration and emigration policies on bilateral associated with fertility among rural-urban migrant females (15-49 years) in
migration flows. The paper finds that immigration restrictions seem to comparison to 3 455 urban natives females in South Africa. The results
crucially impact on bilateral migration flows. Emigration restrictions, shows that fertility level is higher among 15-19 years migrant females.
however, do not seem to play a similar important role. This suggests that Education, marital status, and age at first birth are statistically significant
policies targeting immigrants rather than emigrants have a stronger impact predictors variables.
on the shape and size of international migration flows. Fulufhedzani Ravele; Nicole De Wet - Billings*, University of the
Christoph Deuster*, UN DESA Witwatersrand

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104. Les enjeux de la forte croissance démographique, Quelles 104. Population et sécurité alimentaire : comprendre les liens entre la
implications sur le développement agricole et la croissance économique sécurité alimentaire et les caractéristiques sociodémographiques des
Cette communication s'intéresse à l'impact du facteur démographique sur le ménages en milieu rural nigérien.
développement agricole et la croissance économique au Niger. Il utilise une Dans le contexte sahélien actuel de changement climatique et de rareté des
approche d’analyse des tendances et des liens de causalité pour montrer terres, la liste des facteurs explicatifs du niveau de résilience des ménages
comment les capacités des pouvoirs publics à assurer les services publics de s’allonge progressivement. En plus des facteurs exogènes, certains facteurs
base à une population de plus en plus nombreuse peuvent être compromises endogènes, liés notamment à la variable démographique, peuvent trouver
dans un contexte où les ressources générées par l’économie sont d’ores et leur place sur cette liste. En effet, des travaux récents sur la configuration
déjà insuffisantes. Au Niger, la forte dépendance de l’économie à des ménages au Sahel (Mali et Sénégal) montrent l’importance des liens
l’agriculture, principale source de revenus pour 80% de la population, entre les structures familiales et la qualité de vie des ménages (Nouhou et
contraste avec une progression rapide de la population (3,9%). Les données al, 2016). Plus généralement, les liens entre les caractéristiques
utilisées dans cette recherche proviennent des dernières enquêtes socioéconomiques et démographiques des ménages seraient liés à leur degré
démographiques et de santé et des comptes économiques et sociales de résilience ou de vulnérabilité. Utilisant les données de l’enquête
produits par l’Institut Nationale de la Statistique. Les résultats montrent que EVIAM-2017, la présente étude examine les liens entre les profils
les canaux de transmission sont multiples et les effets finaux qui en sociodémographiques des ménages en milieu rural et leur sécurité
résultent sont souvent ambigus. alimentaire.
Saadatou Alkassoum Sangaré*, Cellule d'Analyse des Politiques AMANI Hachimou*, Initiative OASIS; Amadou Garba Souleymane,
Publiques; Alisha Graves, The OASIS Initiative; Abdoul Moumouni Initiative OASIS; Nouhou Abdoul Moumouni, Initiative OASIS
Nouhou, Université de Genève
104. Forest Governance, Ungoverned Spaces and Cattle Banditry in
104. Changement climatique et morbidité diarrhéique dans le Bassin Northern Nigeria
du Lac Tchad : une analyse de nouveaux enjeux The past two decades have witnessed the adoption of democratic
Le changement climatique a un impact croissant sur la santé des governance in several African nation-states. Some institutions and sectors
populations. En raison de son impact sur les systèmes hydrologiques, les reap the dividends of democracy. Many do not. Forest and natural resource
maladies d'origine hydrique comptent parmi les principaux effets attendus. sectors are yet to be democratised. As such terminologies like ‘blood
Ces maladies sont majoritairement caractérisées par les diarrhées. Dans le diamond’ and ‘resource curse’ are used to describe forest governance and
Bassin du Lac Tchad, les diarrhées sont la principale cause de mortalité des the stewardship of the continent’s rich natural resources. Drawing on
enfants de moins de cinq ans et se manifestent par des épidémies primary and secondary sources of information, the paper demonstrates how
récurrentes de choléra. Malgré la baisse de la mortalité diarrhéique, weak forest governance yields ungoverned forest spaces that currently
l’incidence de ces maladies reste élevée. D’où la nécessité d’affiner provide safe haven for cattle bandits in northern Nigeria. The paper further
l’analyse des mécanismes d’exposition au risque de morbidité diarrhéique explains why existing policy initiatives at mitigating cattle banditry have
avec la prise en compte du changement climatique dans les modèles. Il failed and concludes by proffering ‘evidence - informed decision-making’
s’agit de dégager les nouveaux enjeux de l’analyse de la morbidité (EIDM) policy options that might retrieve control of the forests and natural
diarrhéique chez les moins de cinq ans dans le BLT au travers d’une revue resources from their criminal lords and ultimately curb cattle banditry in
théorique et empirique et d’une analyse multiniveau. Les EDS et les northern Nigeria.
données de températures et précipitations seront utilisées. Ifeanyi Onwuzuruigbo*, Department of Political Sciences, Faculty of
Prosper Fils Olemba Olemba*, Bureau Central des Recensements et des Humanities, University of Pretoria
Etudes de Populations (BUCREP)
105. Analyse Des Privations Multiples Des Enfants De Moins De 5 Ans
En Cote D'ivoire Et Au Senegal: Une Etude Comparative Basee Sur

154
L'approche Cc-Moda (Country-Cross Multiple Overlapping De mathématiques ; et de 2,7 et 1,4 pour la culture générale. Quant à la
Privation Analyses) validation simultanée des trois tests, les enfants préscolarisés ont 3,6 fois
La présente étude se base sur l'approche CC-MODA , une approche plus de chance de manière absolue et 1,7 fois de manière relative d’y
développé par l'UNICEF en 2016 pour établir des comparaisons sur la parvenir que les autres. L’analyse plaide pour une généralisation de
situation des enfants entre 2 pays. Nous avons utilisé les données du MICS l’éducation préscolaire notamment en milieu rural avec un appui à l’offre
2016 e' côte d'Ivoire et celle de l'EDS 2016 du Sénégal pour mettre en publique ou communautaire.
évidence les privatisations multiples subits par les enfants dans ces 2 pays. Soufianou S. M. Moussa*, Laboratoire de Recherche sur les
De manière générale, il ressort de cette étude que les enfants de moins de 5 Transformations Economiques et Sociales (LARTES-IFAN); Adou Salam
ans au Sénégal sont plus touchés par les privatisations multiples que ceux Fall, LARTES; Codé Lô, LARTES
de la Cote d'Ivoire. Par ailleurs les principales causes de cette situation sont
la pauvreté des ménages et me niveau d'instruction des mères ainsi que des 106. Les determinants de l'insecurite alimentaire en Afrique
chefs de ménages. Subsaharienne.
Koné Kassoum*, Institut de formation et de recherche démographique cette etude s'inscrit dans le contexte d'une securite alimentaire soumise a des
tensions constantes en Afrique Subsaharienne. L'objectif de ce papier est de
105. Développement Du Jeune Enfant Et La Préparation Pour L’entrée caracteriser et identifier les facteurs de la geographie de l'insecurite
A L’école Primaire alimentaire en Afrique Subsaharienne.L'analyse utilise les donnees
RESUME Les années de la petite enfance sont aujourd’hui reconnues secondaires,nous adoptons a la fois l'analyse factorielle par la technique de
comme une période cruciale pour le développement du jeune enfant. Par l'analyse en composante principale et une approche en donnees de panel
ailleurs, le Cameroun affiche un certain retard en matière d’éducation sous le logiciel Stata pour un echantillon de 36 pays,durant la periode 2000-
notamment en ce qui concerne la petite enfance qui s’inscrit dans la cible 2015.L'analyse revele une situation d 'insecurite alimentaire grave. Les
4.2 de l’objectif 4 des ODD. Afin d’avoir un capital humain futur de qualité resultats de l'estimation du modele a effets fixes montrent que le contexte
et conscient des défis à relever cet article vise à montrer les facteurs sociopolitique;la croissance demograhique,l'inflation agissent positivement
explicatifs du bon développement des jeunes enfants au Cameroun et la sur l'insecurite alimentaire par contre la production agricole,le pouvoir
manière dont celui-ci affecte leur entrée à l’école primaire à travers les d'achat,l'education des jeunes femmes en age de procreer,les importations
données de la MICS5 (2014). Au seuil de 1%, la régression logistique alimentaires,les infrastructures d'accompagnement agissent negativement et
binaire montre que la région de résidence, le niveau de vie du ménage, le de maniere tres significative sur l insecurite alimentaire mots cles:
groupe d’âge de l’enfant et la fréquentation d’un programme d’éveil de Insecurite alimentaire,determinants, Afrique Subsaharienne
l’enfant sont significativement associé au bon développement du jeune Christiane Lacmago Gaffo*, universite de yaounde
enfant. Mots clés : petite enfance, capital humain, Cameroun
Aurelie Josiane Kengne Defo*, Démographe au Ministère de l'économie, 106. Through Their Eyes and Mouths: Inequality in Access to Food in
de la planification et de l'aménagement du territoire Urban Poor Settings, Nairobi, Kenya
The right to food is provided for in Kenya 2010 Constitution although it is
105. Fréquentation du préscolaire et performances scolaires au Sénégal not actualized for many, particularly those living in poverty. The urban poor
Cette analyse estime l’impact du préscolaire sur la qualité des are particularly negatively affected, with over 80% of households in these
apprentissages des enfants. A partir des données du baromètre sur la qualité settings being food insecure. We used participatory methodologies to
de l’éducation « Jàngandoo » au Sénégal, cet impact est évalué par la explore the lived experiences with food insecurity among the urban poor
validation de tests en lecture, en mathématiques et en culture générale. Il living in Nairobi slums. Data revealed inequality in access to food across
ressort que les enfants préscolarisés présentent 3 fois plus de chance de social, economic, physical and cultural factors. Under these circumstances,
valider le test de lecture de manière absolue et 1,9 fois de manière relative many people resorted to coping strategies that on the one hand impacted
que les autres. Ces chiffres sont respectivement de 2,4 et 1,5 pour les negatively on health and well-being, and on the other enabled innovative

155
means of ensuring food security. We call for expanded interventions that out-migration and food insecurity remains ambiguous and lacks ample
use innovative participatory methodologies to invite, recognize and consideration of the characteristics of the place of origin. Using data from
represent the voices of the urban poor in efforts to actualize their Right to the nationally representative Ghana Living Standards Survey (Round 7), we
Food. employ a multinomial function to examine the food insecurity status of
Elizabeth W. Kimani-Murage, African Population and Health Research migrants relative to their non-migrant counterparts in their rural origins. The
Center (APHRC); Teresia Njoki, UCSF Global; David Osogo, African results indicate that compared to non-migrants, whereas rural out-migrants
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Hilda Owii*, African from the coastal and middle belt development zones were significantly
Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Michelle Mbuthia, more likely to be severely food insecure, rural migrants from the northern
African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Paula development zone were less likely to be food insecure. Thus, the
Griffiths, Loughborough University; Melaneia Warwick, Loughbrough importance of the unique characteristics of the place of migrant origin in
University; Claudia Mitchelle, McGill University; Nyovani Madise, current food security discourse is buttressed.
African Institute for Development Policy (AFIDEP) Aaron K. Christian*, University of Ghana; Donatus Yaw Atiglo,
Regional Institute for Population Studies ; Micheal Okyere, UNU-WIDER,
106. Poverty and Food Insecurity Survival Mechanisms for Older University of Ghana, Legon-Accra; Samuel Codjoe, University of Ghana
Persons with and without HIV/AIDS in a Rural Setting South Western
Uganda. 107. Inégalités provinciales de mortalité des enfants de moins de cinq
We explored poverty and food insecurity among older persons living with ans au Burkina Faso à partir de deux recensements : description et
HIV/AIDS (OPLHA) in a rural setting in central Uganda using individual recherche de corrélats
interviews with individuals aged 60 and over. Our conceptual framework Si les inégalités sociales de la mortalité des enfants en Afrique
provides a lens for how food insecurity and HIV are connected through a subsaharienne sont bien documentées, les études concernant ses inégalités
complex interplay between bidirectional pathways including nutritional, spatiales sont rares. Il est vrai que les rapports d’analyse officiels des EDS
mental health, and behavioural factors at the community, household and présentent une description du niveau de mortalité pour chacune des grandes
individual levels. Participants’ narratives revealed that key factors in food régions du pays, mais celles portant sur des échelles plus petites sont
security, and thus survival, among OPLHA include familial and social rarissimes. Pourtant, à ces échelles, on peut observer des variations
networks, informal labor as a means of income generation, and subsistence considérables du risque de décès en raison de distributions spatiales
farming providing goods to exchange. The findings provide insight into the inégales des facteurs de risques environnementaux, socio-économiques ou
interconnectedness of older persons’ food security with the available their culturels, et du fait des différences d’offre de soins ( Rican et al., 2003 ;
health and access to help, and their livelihoods. We conclude that Zewdie et Adjiwanou 2017). Ces variations infrarégionales posent la
interventions are required to address the gaps in access to food, particularly nécessité de localiser l’action publique pour qu’elle soit plus près des
among older persons in ill or ailing health. besoins de la population. Les estimations précises de la mortalité à de telles
Joseph Mugisha, University of Missouri; Kaleea Lewis, University of échelles sont donc très importantes afin d'évaluer l'efficacité des
Missouri-Columbia; Janet Seeley, London School of Hygiene and Tropical programmes d'intervention et pour la planification des politiques.
Medicine; Joel Negin, University of Sydney; Enid Schatz*, University of Hervé Bassinga*, Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population (ISSP);
Missouri, Columbia Abdramane Soura, Université de Ouagadougou

106. Rural Out-Migration and Food Security in Ghana’s Development 107. The Geography of Unequal Access to Surgical and
Zones Anaesthesiology in Nigeria
Rural out-migration in sub-Saharan Africa has had a significant impact on Major district and regional hospitals were assumed to have capability to
the utilization of cultivated land, however, it is seen by many as a critical perform bellwether procedures. Geographical locations of hospitals in
livelihood and food security strategy. Scholarship on the links between rural relation to the population in the 47 sub-Saharan countries were combined

156
with spatial ancillary data on roads, elevation, land use or land cover to National Museum of Natural History and Institut National d'Études
estimate travel-time metrics of 30 min, 1 hour and 2 hours. Hospital Démographiques (INED); Ali Sié, Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna
catchment was defined as population residing in areas less than 2 hours of
travel time to the next major hospital. Travel-time metrics were combined 107. Le handicap chez les adultes (18-59 ans) au Sénégal : une approche
with fine-scale population maps to define burden of surgery at hospital écologique
catchment level. Overall, the majority of the population (92.5%) in sub- En Afrique, le handicap est une préoccupation de santé publique émergente.
Saharan Africa reside in areas within 2 hours of a major hospital catchment Le dernier recensement du Sénégal de 2013 fournit l’opportunité d’étudier
defined based on spatially defined travel times. The burden of surgery in le lien entre handicap et environnement. L’objectif de cette communication
all-age population was 257.8 million to 294.7 million people and was est d’identifier des effets de contexte au niveau des communes et des
highest in high-population density countries and lowest in sparsely facteurs environnementaux en plus des facteurs socioéconomiques associés
populated or smaller countries. à la prévalence du handicap chez les adultes âgés de 18 à 59 ans. Pour cela,
Sabrina Juran, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); El Vilaly Abd nous mobiliserons les données du recensement, complétées par d’autres
Salam, UNFPA; Tatem Andy, WorldPp/Flowminder; Emmanuel Ameh, données disponibles au niveau des communes pour mener une analyse
Department of Surgery National Hospital, Abuja; John Meara, Harvard spatiale et une analyse multiniveau. Outre une description de l’ampleur et
Medical School; Tapiwa Jhamba*, United Nations Population Fund de la nature du handicap au Sénégal, les résultats devraient permettre de
(UNFPA) comprendre en partie la distribution non aléatoire sur le territoire.
Arlette Simo Fotso, World Bank Group ; Ibrahima Diouf, Agence
107. Estimating Mortality from Census Data: an record linkage study Nationale de la Statistique et de la Démographie (ANSD); Géraldine
in the Nouna Demographic and Health Surveillance System in Burkina Duthé*, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED)
Faso
Using data collected in the Nouna HDSS in Burkina Faso, we evaluate the 109. Reproductive Health Services Uptake in Private vs Public Health
reliability of mortality estimates based on the 2006 national census. We Facility in Benin Republic: Accessing Differences in Access and Use
extracted from the census database all records referring to the population through a Qualitative Study
under surveillance in the HDSS. Life tables were estimated from recent This study attempts to clarify the underlying reasons behind differences in
household deaths reported in the census and compared to those obtained access and use of reproductive health services according to the type of
from the prospective mortality data. We linked census and HDSS records at services ~ public vs private health facilities. Data were gathered from in-
the individual level and evaluated the reported ages of household members depth interviews of participants and focus groups discussion. A total of 199
and those who died in the 12 month preceding the census against those in participants were interviewed. Data were analysed using content analysis
the HDSS. Life expectancies derived from recent deaths reported in methods. Among themes emerged from interviews and discussions are poor
households pointed to lower mortality than monitored in the HDSS, with a attitudes of health providers toward patients and lack of skills of some
difference of 3.2 years for men and 6.8 years for women. Age errors were health providers. Themes pertaining to the physical treatment of users from
limited for the surviving population, but larger for the deceased. arrival to the departure from health facilities emerged. In addition,
Underreporting of deaths plays a larger role than age errors. differences in financial level appeared to be the most important deterrent for
Yempabou Bruno Lankoande*, Institut National d'Etudes preferences in private vs public health facility use. Public health facilities
Démographiques (INED)/Institut Supérieur des Sciences de la Population were reportedly more affordable than private ones. The present study
(ISSP); Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain; Hélène suggests the need to strengthen actions to address health providers’ poor
Bangre, Institut National de la Statistique et de la Démographie (INSD); attitudes toward health service users.
Pascal Zabré, Centre de Recherche en Santé de Nouna - Burkina Faso; Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan; Alphonse M. Affo*, Centre de
Géraldine Duthé, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED); Formation et de Recherche en matière de Population (CEFORP); Adeyemi
Abdramane Soura, Université de Ouagadougou; Gilles Pison, French

157
O. Adekunle, University of Ibadan; Ayodele Arowojolu, University advocacy and lobbying. Strategies to strengthen parent-child
College Hospital, Ibadan communication and community support for young people’s SRHR issues
should also be developed.
109. Improving Adolescents’ Access to and Utilization of Modern Dianah Nanyange, Researcher; Margret Nanyombi, Family Life
Contraceptive Methods: Insights from Mukuru Kwa Njenga Informal Education Program; Venantius Kirwana*, Researcher
Settlement, Nairobi City County
Background Women and adolescent girls have the right to quality sexual 109. Contraceptive Knowledge and Use among Youth in Abuja
and reproductive health (SRH) including contraception. However, in Metropolis, Nigeria.
developing countries, sexual and reproductive health rights (SRHRs) for Background: Contraceptive knowledge is vital to promoting youth’s health.
millions of adolescent girls and women are not enjoyed fully. Method It has been proven to lower the high rates of unwanted pregnancy, STIs
Mixed method was used to identify barriers young adult women face in including HIV/AIDS. Objectives: The aim was to examine the level of
accessing and utilizing modern contraception in Mukuru kwa Njenga contraceptive knowledge and use among youths’ in Federal Capital
informal settlement, Nairobi City County. Data were collected using survey, Territory (Abuja) Nigeria. Methods: The study adopted an explanatory
case narratives and key informant interviews. Results Findings show myths sequential mixed-method research design. Results: A cross section of five
and misconception on contraception including fear of infertility (41%), loss hundred youth were interviewed among youths’ age 15-25. Majority of the
of sexual urge (51%), and adding weight (62%) reflect limited access to youth (58.2%) were sexually active, with sexual debut starting within age
SRH information. Adolescents (64%) also reported weak provider-client 15-19. The prevalence of contraceptive knowledge was very high (78.8%),
relationship and stigma and cited these as barriers to accessing SRH while (34.6%) were not using any type of contraceptives, even among the
services including contraception. Conclusion The barriers to accessing and educated youth. It was concluded that there is a wide disparity between
utilizing SRH services and information among adolescents pose limitation contraceptive knowledge and use which need to be bridged. There is a need
to enjoying SRHRs. Tackling the barriers promises adolescents' improved to review policies regarding SRH, as well as sexuality education among
access to and utilization of modern contraceptive methods. youth in Nigeria. Keywords: Contraceptive knowledge, youths, Abuja
Alex Gateri*, African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC); Henry N. Ugwu*, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg; Ijeoma
Faith Osore, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Igwe, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Nigeria;
Joseph Okeibunor, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
109. Barriers to Access and Utilization of Youth-Friendly Srh Services
among Young People in Busoga Region 110. Predictors of Migration in an HIV Hyper-Endemic Rural South
Uganda is one of the countries experiencing a great demographic shift with African Community: Evidence from a Population-Based Cohort (2001-
young people aged 10-24years making up 34.8% of the total population. 2017)
This age group is dynamic and has particular sexual and reproductive We examined migration incidence in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa,
health(SRH) needs and challenges. The current mixed-methods study using population-based data from the Africa Health Research Institute
sought to establish barriers to access and utilization of SRH services by collected between 2001 and 2017. We followed 113 300 adult participants
young people. A cross-sectional survey, semi-structured interviews and aged 20-49 at baseline and fitted stratified cox regression models. Overall,
FGDs with stakeholders were conducted. Data were analyzed using the risk of migration was higher, among those HIV+ (positive) and initiated
descriptive statistics and the QCA approach. Identified barriers included; a ART (aHR=1.88, 95% CI 1.71 – 2.07) and HIV+ but not initiated ART
rigid health system, epistemological gaps, unconducive social environment, (aHR=1.83, 95% CI 1.74 – 1.94) compared to those HIV – (negative), with
and not believing in oneself. Overall findings indicate that despite risk increasing by over 80% in both models. Young unmarried women of
stakeholders’ efforts, there are still several factors impeding access to and working age including those HIV positive were more likely to migrate. Our
utilization of sexual and reproductive health services by young people. study finds evidence for the changing profile of migrants (i.e. young
Persistent health system-related factors reveal the need for heightened women, ‘feminisation of migration’), potentially facilitating greater access

158
to areas with high HIV risk. Thus, novel public health interventions tailored RSB varied across regions. Level of education and marital status were
to reduce new HIV infections and sustain care for this highly vulnerable major determinant of RSB in Northern and Southern Nigeria respectively.
population are urgently needed. This paper advocates the need for a region-specific intervention to help
Armstrong Dzomba*, Africa Health Research Institute; Andrew Tomita, mitigate incidence of RSB among Nigerian youth.
University of KwaZulu-Natal; Alain Vandormael, University of Minnesota; Juliana Onuh*, Population Geography, Department of Geography,
Hae-Young Kim, Africa Health Research Institute; Frank Tanser, Africa University of Nigeria Nsukka; Chukwuedozie K. Ajaero, University of
Centre for Health and Population Studies Nigeria, Nsukka; Clifford O. Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand

110. Remittances And Under Five Mortality: Evidence From Sub 110. A Comparative Analysis on the Impact of the Influx of Refugees
Saharan African Countries from War-Torn Central African, into Cameroon: Empirical Evidence
Despite increasing remittances flows in recent decades, Africa remains the This study attempts to carry out a comparative analysis of the effect of the
region with the highest under-five mortality rates compared to the rest of influx of Central African Refugees into the East Region of Cameroon.
the world. However, much of the literature on the effects of remittances has Specifically, the study investigates the effect of the refugee influx on
focused on poverty reduction and economic growth. Very little attention has education, health, security, food and water facilities. It equally investigates
been given to the health sector. The aim of this study is to examine the the most affected socio-economic sectors by the refugee influx and the
impact of remittances on under-five mortality in 38 countries Sub-Saharan natives’ perception of the presence of refugees in the Community. In this
African countries over the period 1998 to 2014. The empirical evidences are light, questionnaires were distributed to respondents and three focus group
based on fixed effects, Generalized Method of moments and quantiles discussions were organizes in three different localities. Pre-tests were
estimators. The main results show that remittances contribute significantly conducted to ascertain the reliability of the data, descriptive statistics were
to a reduction in under-five mortality. These results are robust to the use of used to analyses the information collected from the field thanks to the use of
alternative measures of mortality, including infant and neonatal mortality, SPSS statistic data editor. The results among others indicated that the host
as well as the inclusion of additional control variables. Based on these community has experienced improvement in education, health, security,
results, several policy implications can be drawn. food and water facilities due to the refugee influx.
Henri Njangang*, Université de Dschang; Tadadjeu Sosson, Université Fabien Sundjo*, University of Buea; Winifred Azhisey Atefor, PAN
de Dschang AFRICAN INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENT

110. Geographical Analysis of Risky Sexual Behaviours among Migrant 111. Where Do They Live and What Are the Individual and Contextual
and Non-Migrant Youth in Nigeria Factors Predisposing Children to Severe Acute Malnutrition in Sub-
Risky sexual behaviours (RSB) are major global issue prevalent in sub Saharan Africa
Saharan Africa with regional variations. Major implications observed in Reduction of malnutrition, especially severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is
African countries affect both migrant and non-migrant population yet very crucial to a targeted decrease in child health. We aim to develop and
comparative study remains limited in Nigeria. This study examined regional test a model of risk factors associated with SAM among under-five children
variations and factors affecting (RSB) among migrant and non-migrant in SSA countries. Methods: We used 33 recent Demographic and Health
youth in Nigeria using migrant hypothesis to conceptualize the study. Survey (DHS) data collected between 2010 and 2018 in SSA countries. We
National HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Health Survey data of Nigeria used multivariable Bayesian logistic multilevel regression models to
(NARHS) 2012 was used and it was analysed using ANOVA and logistic analyse the association between individual compositional and contextual
regression. Results showed significant spatial variations across factors associated with SAM. Results: We analysed information on 210,289
regions.South South and North Central showed highest prevalence among under-five children (Level 1) nested within 17,529 neighbourhoods (Level
migrant (24.2% and 24.2% respectively) and non-migrant population 2) from 33 SSA countries (Level 3). Prevalence of SAM ranged from 0.5%
(25.5% and 18.9% respectively). Furthermore, significant determinants of in South Africa to 8.8% in Nigeria. Male children, infants, and children

159
from rural areas, neighbourhoods with high illiteracy and high existing health facility network covers 44%, 65%, and 86% of the
unemployment rates and those from countries with high intensity of population respectively for a travel time limit of 30, 60 and 120 minutes.
deprivation and high rural population percentage were more likely to have Samuel A. Zewdie*, Ethiopian Development Research Institute
SAM.
Adeniyi Fagbamigbe*; Olalekan Uthman, Warwick-Centre for Applied 112. Social Engagement: Key to Sustainable Livelihood and Socio-
Health Research and Delivery, University of Warwick Medical School Economic Well-Being in Later Life
Social engagement promotes successful ageing, sustainable livelihood and
111. Determinants of geographical inequalities of mortality in Dakar, socio-economic wellbeing. Individuals who remain socially engaged make
Senegal. active contributions which helps in coping with role transition and ageing
Mortality is one of the most relevant indicators for the analysis of challenges. This study examined the impact of social engagement on
population health status. Its prevalence by age and sex is an essential sustainable livelihood and well-being in later life. Social engagement
support for health planning. However, mortality studies in Africa have so involved elders’ level of involvement such as engagement in religious
far focused on infant mortality. Moreover, traditional demographic methods activities or social events or volunteering in the last one month while
do not capture geographical inequalities in mortality, including the location reported health status and living arrangement were used as indicators of
of populations at risk. Civil registration is a data source that is not used well-being. The life course perspective and activity theory were adopted as
enough, especially by geographers. However, these data could be theoretical framework while Nigerians aged 55 years and above in Lagos
geolocated and could provide consistent insights into the spatial inequalities state were sampled using multi-stage research method. Livelihood is
of deaths. The objective of this study is to analyze the spatio- temporal considered adequate and sustainable when it bounces back after major
variations of mortality in Dakar. Deaths reported in the civil registration shocks. Social engagement was associated with increased access to
database in Dakar were analyzed using a health geography approach. Socio- sustainable livelihood, improved living standards and better wellbeing.
economic and environmental data were used to model the impact of natural Older Nigerians should be supported to remain socially engaged and make
and social factors on intra-urban variations in the prevalence of the age – tangible contributions.
specific death rate. Gift Omobolanle Amaike*, University of Lagos
Assane Niang Gadiaga*, Université de Namur; Catherine Linard,
Université de Namur 112. Conditions de vie et vulnérabilité des personnes âgées au Bénin :
Vers un effritement du système de transferts intergénérationnels
111. Geographical Accessibility and Spatial Coverage of Health Pendant longtemps, les personnes âgées constituent en Afrique la couche
Services in Ethiopia entièrement négligée par les politiques et les recherches scientifiques
Understanding the performance of the health system from a geographic (Abdramane Berthé et al, 2013). Cette politique exclusive loin de favoriser
perspective is important for improved health planning and evidence-based le développement reste une approche incomplète vu du rôle qu’ils jouent
policy. The study aims to measure geographical accessibility and model the dans un contexte africain. Afin d’identifier la précarité des conditions de vie
spatial coverage of the existing primary health facility network in Ethiopia. des personnes âgées au Bénin et proposer des mesures correctrices
Two travel scenarios were defined with a maximum traveling time of 30, adéquates, une étude complémentaire au RGPH 2013, sur les besoins des
60, and 120 minutes: Walking & Walking and motorized transport. personnes âgées au Bénin, a été réalisée en Juin 2019. Les résultats
Considering these scenarios, a raster surface of travel time between health identifient les nouvelles formes de covulnérabilité économique,
facilities and the population was developed. The catchment area of each environnementale, nutritionnelle et sanitaire des personnes âgées et les
facility was calculated by taking into account population coverage capacity mécanismes qui les produisent. Mais elles bénéficient malheureusement de
& distribution, topography, and traveling modes through the different land moins en moins d’un système de solidarité comme ils auraient souhaité.
cover categories. The average travel time to reach to health facilities is Leur prise en charge pèse sur leur proche ou les réseaux sociaux. Un
estimated to be 75 and 96 minutes respectively under scenario 1 and 2. The système de protection social s’impose comme une solution au bien-être des

160
personnes âgées au Bénin. some family transfers. Living with no adult increases the risk of being
Sotima Espérance Demate*, Ecole Nationale de la Statistique, de la supported by the non-coresident family member. This study aims to
Planification et de la Démographie de l'Université de Parakou contribute to the emerging literature on private support in old age in Africa.
(ENSPD/UP); Mouftaou Amadou Sanni, Ecole Nationale de la Willy Adrien Yakam Yemtchoua*, Université de Montréal; Yves
Statistique, de la Planification et de la Démographie de l'Université de Carriere, Université de Montréal; Thomas LeGrand, Université de
Parakou (ENSPD/UP) Montréal

112. Capabilités des retraités en Afrique subsaharienne au secours de 113. Travaux domestiques et inégalités genre dans l’éducation dans les
l’assurance maladie. Cas du Tchad. pays en développement d’Afrique Subsaharienne: cas du Sénégal
Au Tchad, les structures chargées de gérer la retraite n’introduisent pas dans Ce papier s’intéresse particulièrement aux inégalités genre dans l’éducation
leur mise en œuvre l’assurance maladie. Or, la retraite est associée à la et vise à analyser les facteurs qui y contribuent avec un focus sur les travaux
diminution de la mobilité, de la capacité d’accomplir les activités de la vie domestiques (Domestic works). Pour ce faire, nous avons analysé
quotidienne ainsi qu’à l’augmentation des maladies. Face à cela, les retraités l’évolution du temps alloué aux travaux domestiques en fonction en l’âge
sont amenés à construire leurs propres repères, c’est-à-dire s’insérer dans la du sexe. De plus, nous définissons un modèle Probit du niveau complété qui
vie associative religieuse, créer des petites unités de production, bref faire est expliqué par plusieurs autres variables explicatives dont les travaux
partie des réseaux d’entraide, ce qui renvoie à leurs propres systèmes domestiques. Les résultats montrent que le temps accordé aux travaux
assurantiels. L’objet de cette communication est de chercher à comprendre domestiques par les filles devient supérieur à celui des garçons avec l’âge.
la manière selon laquelle les retraités utilisent leurs « capabilités » (Sen, De plus, cette différence de temps de travaux domestiques entre filles et
1985) pour parvenir à supporter les coûts de soins médicaux. L’approche garçons explique les disparités genre observées dans l’éducation au
par les capabilités a été prise pour modèle d’analyse et les entretiens semi- Sénégal. En termes d’implications de politiques, pour favoriser un accès
directifs constituent le cadre pratique de l’étude. Mots-clés : Capabilités- égal à l’éducation et accélérer l’autonomisation des femmes, il faudra donc
retraités-Assurance maladie-Tchad. mettre en œuvre des politiques minimisant le temps des travaux
Jonathan Telbaye Madjitha*, Cabinet de Recherche et d'Etudes sur domestiques réalisés par les filles en âge de scolarisation.
l'Intervention et Développement Social (CREIDS International); Kebmaki Lesfran Sam Wanilo Agbahoungba*, LAREG (Université de Parakou) &
Vincent Nguezoumka, Cellule d’Appui à la Recherche et à l’Enseignement CREG (Sénégal); Latif Dramani, CREG-CREFAT; Edem Akpo, CREG-
des Institutions Francophones d’Afrique (CARE-IFA)/IFORD; Medard CREFAT
Ndourtorlengar, Université de Sarh
113. Are Men Still Selling Garden-Eggs?’: Reflections on a Study on
112. Do Living Arrangements of Older People Matter for Inter- Paternal Childcare among Teachers in Accra
Household Transfers They Received? Evidence from Senegal Between 2004 and 2008 I conducted a study in Accra to explore (among
The general absence of broad-based formal social protection systems in other things) how teachers, who were in a form of conjugal relationship,
several SSA countries means that older adults in worsening health tend to were coping with pressures to do domestic work and childcare. This was
be highly dependent on members of their households and families. While within the context of men not being considered to be the sole providers for
most recent studies have focused on living arrangements of older people, their families, and where many of their partners were educated and in
family transfers are poorly documented. This paper used data from the 2nd formal, paid employment away from home, and where related female
round of the Poverty and Family Structure Survey in Senegal to investigate domestic helpers were scarcely available (see Kwansa 2012). This paper
why, and to what extent inter-household transfers to older adult from their shows that although the men varied considerably in their roles as fathers,
non-coresident relatives occur and how their living arrangements would be husbands, and kinsmen, both in associated activities and how they allocated
associated with it. Results from a sample of 3,144 older adult aged 50 and resources and in their expectations, the gender lines with regards to sharing
above show a strong association between living arrangements and receiving domestic and childcare responsibilities are more blurred that it was ten

161
years ago. Comparatively, only a few of the teachers still held on strictly to knowledge to challenge the issues facing the society.
the ‘traditional’ role stereotypes. Omelele Audrey O. A. Vatsha*, Student; Nelisa Mlonyeni
Benjamin Kwansa*, Institute of African Studies, University of Ghana
114. Masculinity in African Culture: A Necessary Paradigm Shift for
113. Conciliation travail-famille : un défi pour les femmes travaillant Sustainable Health and Wellbeing
dans le secteur public de la santé à Lomé (Togo) The study utilized systematic review and in-depth interviews to assess the
A Lomé, les soignantes du secteur public médical et paramédical font face à linkages between masculinity attributes and men health towards
plusieurs difficultés pour concilier leurs vies familiale et professionnelle. achievement of health-for-all in sub-Saharan Africa. Studies published in
Cette communication se base sur des données recueillies à travers 61 Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Knowledge between 1970 and mid-2019
entretiens semi-directifs menés auprès de femmes soignantes et de leurs were reviewed. The in-depth interview was conducted only in Nigeria
collègues hommes fonctionnaires dans deux formations sanitaires publiques among men leaders (at community and official levels). From the on-going
à Lomé. Le corpus de données issu de la retranscription systématique des analysis, the in-depth interviews revealed two specific types of manliness in
entretiens a fait l’objet d’une analyse de contenu. Les résultats préliminaires sub-Saharan African communities: traditional- and modern-African man.
indiquent que l’accès des femmes à des postes à fortes responsabilités, Prominent among the 4 masculinity typologies identified that are linked to
comme le secteur de la santé, ne modifie pas complètement les rôles de sexual and reproductive health are: (1) the dominance/toughness traits
genre si l’on se penche spécifiquement sur la division sexuelle du travail. which accord men brazen impunity in sexual latitude (having many wives,
Par ailleurs, les conditions de travail dans le secteur public de la santé concubinage, etc.); (2) the self-sufficient that could encourage poor-health
caractérisées par une insuffisance de personnel et la faiblesse des plateaux seeking habit for himself and family members. The findings could enhance
techniques, entraînent une surcharge de travail pour les soignants et policy framework to effect change in behaviour that are inimical to
influence de ce fait la conciliation travail-famille. realization of health-for-all agenda in sub-Saharan Africa.
Ayawavi Sitsopé Toudeka*, Unité de Recherche Démographique de Emmanuel O. Amoo*, Covenant University; Adebanke Olawole-Isaac,
l'Université de Lomé; Bilampoa Gnoumou Thiombiano, Université de Covenant University Canaanland; Faith Osasumwen Olanrewaju,
Ouagadougou Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria; Lady Adaina Ajayi, Covenant
University, Ota, Nigeria
113. Patriarchy and Level of Educatiob:Experiences of Southridge
Park and Qokolweni Female Residents. 114. Male Sexual Virility and Use of Local Aphrodisiacs in Ghana
This paper focuses on the oppression of women which is caused by lack While studies have overemphasized use of traditional and complementary
education, the belief and practice of patriarchy which subjugates women at medicine in the West African context, we know little about how gender and
various levels. The research paper focuses on social institution in which sexuality impact the uptake of local aphrodisiacs (herbal alcoholic bitters)
males hold primary power and predominate, social privileged and control therapeutic types. Using data from urban Ghana, the paper examines how
property. The purpose of the study was to found whether education can cultural expectations of sex influence the marketing and patronage of herbal
minimize the prevalence of patriarchy, investigate patriarchy with its effects bitters and gender. The analysis makes links with how men talk about
on women and the lack of education among women. The study applied herbal bitters and notions of masculinity, including issues related to
primary data sources. Data was collected from 100 respondents, 50 insecurity about hegemonic masculine ideals and women’s power. In the
respondents from Qokolweni, 50 respondents from Southridge Park which attempt to conform to ideologies of manhood through the use of local
they were randomly selected household through the use of structured aphrodisiacs, real men encounter sexual vulnerabilities that relate to both
questionnaire. The major finding were that education can minimize biomedical and social harm. There is need to educate men about the
patriarchy if both males and females get education in order to change the pressures of desperation that are coercive on their sexuality, as well as
way they perceive the roles of both parties. Education provides people with monitoring policy development and implementation in regard to the

162
production, advertisements and patronage of local aphrodisiacs in Ghana. uncertainty connected to a sense of struggle and hardship. This paper
Daniel Yaw Fiaveh*, University of Cape Coast connects men’s anxieties about—and delays embarking on—marriage and
parenthood to their experiences of economic uncertainty, and specifically to
114. Intimate Partner Violence in Ghana: Examining Bridewealth the perceived need for money as the foundation for successful reproduction.
Payment and Male-Perpetrated Physical Abuse against Women Daniel Smith*, Brown University
Male-perpetrated intimate-partner violence is a major public health concern
globally. Differential power-dynamics associated with violence against 115. Contribution de l’analyse spatiale pour l’analyse de la morbidité
women have deepened not only by socio-economic advantages, but also the des enfants en zones urbaines africaines. Le cas de l’Observatoire de
cultural-context within which unions are arranged could increase men’s use population de Ouagadougou (Burkina Faso)
of violence. In sub-Saharan Africa where marriage is widespread, En recourant aux analyses spatiales, factorielles et de classification, l’article
bridewealth is exchanged to legitimize marriages, maintain kinship ties and décrit, à partir des données de l’Observatoire de population de
ensure marital-stability. Overtime, bridewealth-payment has been linked Ouagadougou, les quartiers les plus à risque de morbidité : fièvre, diarrhée,
with the use of violence against women. Using the Bridewealth-Payment toux, infections de la peau et des yeux. Les analyses spatiales basées sur la
and Normative Constraints on Women’s Lives Study conducted in Ghana, distance euclidienne montrent que les quartiers lotis sont les plus exposés
we examine if there is an association between bridewealth-payment and aux dangers environnementaux. Pourtant, en effectuant des analyses
men’s self-reported intimate-partner violence perpetration. Results suggest factorielles et de classification, ce sont les quartiers non lotis qui courent
that bridewealth payment is significantly associated with perpetrating plus de risques de maladies. Au-delà des différences loti/non loti, on
physical abuse against female-intimate-partners. Age, education, religion, constate la présence des quartiers atypiques dans tous les milieux de
ethnicity and other personal-history characteristics were significant résidence. La dichotomie loti/non loti n’est pas tout à fait absolue du fait de
predictors of violence. If research in the sub-region seeks to induce change, l’hétérogénéité en termes de santé environnementale, notamment en zones
and reduce the high prevalence of male-perpetrated violence against non loties. Cette étude, basée sur les analyses spatiales, fournit un nouvel
women, cultural-context and practices must be emphasized. éclairage sur les liens entre l’environnement et la santé chez les enfants.
Charlotte Ofori*, Regional Institute for Population Studies, Univeristy of Franklin Bouba Djourdebbé*, Institut de Formation et de Recherche
Ghana and Pennsylvania State University; Francis Dodoo, Pennsylvania Démographiques (IFORD)
State University; Naa Dodua Dodoo, University of Ghana; Adriana A.
Biney, University of Ghana 115. Opportunities of Georeferenced Census Data to Address
Demographic Challenges in Africa
114. Masculinity, Money, and the Postponement of Parenthood in The majority of African countries conduct regularly census to provide data
Nigeria for formulating and monitoring of population policies and programmes.
In southeastern Nigeria, several interconnected processes of social change Census technologies and methodologies are changing very quickly,
are combining to delay parenthood. Most of the literature examining the particularly in the area of Information Technologies. High-resolution
postponement of parenthood has paid primary attention to women. To population data are fundamental to understand and manage the demographic
address this gap, this paper foregrounds the changing social landscape of processes and the geography of inequality. In the 2020 round of census, and
masculinity as a significant context within which to situate these in line with technological advances, a large number of countries are
demographic changes. At the core of Nigerian men’s perceptions, decisions, adopting new methodologies for digital cartography and census
and behaviors with regard to delaying fatherhood is a fundamental enumeration, such as the creation of boundaries using GPS points and
contradiction. The contradiction is that while the postponement of satellite imagery, the use of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS)
parenthood seems to be associated historically with positive social and enabled handheld data collection devices or automated delineation of
economic indicators, when Nigerian men articulate their rationales for Enumeration Areas. Adoption of new methods and technologies demands
delaying fatherhood (and marriage) they commonly describe feelings of more preparatory time for scoping, selecting, integrating and testing the

163
new methods. In addition, countries might need support with capacity satellite image interpretation, all buildings were digitized. Thereafter, a
strengthening in new aspects to ensure successful implementation of census ground verification and validation was done and further adjustments were
conducts, irrespective of method used. made to the data. The study will elaborate how geospatial technique can be
Sabrina Juran, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Tapiwa used for predicting the population and monitoring the various population
Jhamba, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA); Rachel Snow*, dynamics of Mogadishu.
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Amina Said, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) - Somalia;
Josyline Gikunda, UNFPA-Somalia; Umikaltuma Ibrahim*, United
115. Mapping Maternal and Newborn Healthcare Access in West Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) Somalia; Mariam Alwi, Head of
African Countries Population and Development Dept; Felix Mulama, Demographic
Improvement in maternal and newborn health requires evidence based data Specialist; Richard N'getich, Statistical Specialist; Said Abdilahi,
on concealed inequities in the distribution of maternal and newborn health Ministry of Planning, Investment and Economic Development
outcomes and their linkage to healthcare access. This study examined and
mapped the distribution of women of reproductive age (WRA), pregnancies 116. Utilisation de l’analyse factorielle pour l’optimisation du
and live births at sub-national level, and quantified the number of questionnaire comportemental YERELON et l’identification des
pregnancies within user-defined distances of a health facility in three poor groupes de travailleuses du sexe à risque d’infection par le VIH.
resource West African countries: Mali, Guinea and Liberia. We utilized Contexte Les Travailleuses du Sexe (TS) jouent un rôle majeur dans la
WorldPop data derived from an integration of satellite, census and dynamique de l‘épidémie du VIH. Disposer des méthodes simples et
household surveys. Buffer analysis and zonal statistics were used to efficaces pour identifier les TS les plus à risque s’avère donc très important.
estimate the proximity of pregnancies to health facilities. Results showed Méthodes Nous avons utilisé les données du questionnaire comportemental
heterogeneity in the distribution of WRA, pregnancies and live births; and de la visite d’inclusion de la cohorte ANRS1222 suivie entre 2003 et 2006 à
considerable inadequate access to maternal and newborn healthcare services Bobo-Dioulasso au Burkina Faso. Nous avons utilisé l’analyse factorielle
across the countries’ districts. There is need to bridge the gap in inequity in pour optimiser ce questionnaire. Résultats L’analyse factorielle a permis de
healthcare access, and improve maternal and newborn health in réduire le questionnaire comportementale de 60 à 4 variables qui sont l’âge,
disadvantaged districts. le nombre de clients la semaine dernière, l’utilisation du préservatif et
Dorothy N. Ononokpono*, University of Uyo, Nigeria; Bernard Baffour, l’utilisation de préservatif avec le client régulier. Les coefficients linéaires
The Australian National University; Alice Richardson, The Australian associés à ces variables étaient -0,117, +0,005, -0,081, -0,882
National University ACT 2601 respectivement. Au seuil moyen de 2,57 ce scoring permettait de bien
prédire l’infection à VIH chez une TS à l’inclusion à 68%. Conclusion Ce
115. The Use of Geospatial Techniques in Predicting and Monitoring questionnaire réduit peut donc être utilisé dans les contextes à ressources
Population Movements in Mogadishu, Somalia limitées.
Mogadishu, locally known as Hamar, is the capital city of Banadir Regional Harouna Noël Bado*, Centre Muraz; Isidore T. Traoré, Centre Muraz;
Administration and the regional capital of Somalia. The study is undertaken Salifou C. A. Zerbo, Centre Muraz
to show how the region exhibits frequent and sporadic population
movements. Use of remote sensing and geospatial techniques provides the 116. Factors Associated with Multiple Sexual Partners among First-
best tools for population prediction and monitoring the population dynamics Year Students in a South African University
in Somalia even for areas that are inaccessible due to security. Geospatial First-year University students are arguably, the most susceptible to sexually
techniques will facilitate faster and continuous updating of the population transmitted infections due to multiple sexual partners. Therefore, this study
data, which assists in humanitarian response and implementation of examines the factors associated with multiple sexual partners among first-
Sustainable Development Goals. The main source of data used in the study year students in a rural university. Data were collected and were analysed
was high-resolution satellite imageries: World View and Geo-eye. Through using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results revealed that 50.6%

164
of the respondents engaged in sex with 23.5% of that population having and Milestone: Since 2014, the project has grown from corporate talks to
multiple sexual partners. Having multiple sexual partners and factors such fully-fledged concerts extending to most regions in Uganda, especially
as the age at sexual debut, sex, being a member of students’ organisational those with high HIV prevalence rates. Peer educator model and cultural
structures, alcohol consumption and religiosity were statistically significant. icons are used within know Kati to disseminate HIV/AIDS awareness and
Behavioural change by emphasizing sexual fidelity, good values and prevention information.
responsible consumption of alcohol should be part of first year orientation Paul Waiswa*, Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU); Humphrey Nabimanya,
package. Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU); Nkonge Ibrahim, Reach A Hand Uganda
Godswill N. Osuafor*, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus (RAHU); Gilbert Beyamba, Reach A Hand Uganda

116. The Gender Dimensions of Being HIV-Positive in Ghana’s Most 117. Evolution of the Demographic and Health Survey Questionnaire
HIV Infected District for Collecting Data on Stillbirths and Neonatal Deaths
Sub-Saharan Africa is particularly burdened with HIV/AIDS gender Aim We reviewed how the DHS survey questionnaire has evolved to
differentials, to the disadvantage of women living with HIV/AIDS improve collection of data on stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Methods We
(WLHIV). We undertook gender-focused analysis of the experiences of did a literature and programme review of the DHS surveys, protocols,
WLHIV and males living with HIV/AIDS (MLHIV) in a municipal area in methodological reports and questionnaires, focusing on collection of data
Ghana where HIV/AIDS has been most endemic. The objective of the study on stillbirths and neonatal deaths. Results The DHS programme is in its 7th
was to fill the void in gender-focused analysis of HIV/AIDS in Ghana and phase with over 320 surveys conducted in 90 countries since 1984. Two
to add to the literature. Using qualitative thematic analysis, we studied 38 types of maternity history are used, the Full Pregnancy History (FPH) and
HIV-positive persons selected through mixed sampling approaches from the Full Birth History (FBH). FBH collects information on all pregnancies
two Voluntary Counseling and Testing Centers in the Lower Manya Krobo that resulted in a live birth, the vital status of the child and if dead, the age
Municipality (LMKM) in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Except for the at death. In phase-7 it has additional questions about stillbirths and
feeling of sadness due to their HIV/AIDS status, there were outstanding pregnancy losses. FPH collects information on all pregnancies. FPH has
differences in the experiences of MLHIV and WLHIV. There is the need to been implemented by only 17 countries in the DHS programme. Major
provide more social support for WLHIV in the study district to improve changes, including addition of new questions, happened in phases V-VII.
their health outcomes and livelihoods. Joseph W. Akuze*, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine;
Adobea Owusu*, University of Ghana; Eric Tenkorang, Memorial Simon Cousens, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Joy
University; Rebecca Poku, Ripple Effect Communications, Inc. Lawn, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine; Peter Waiswa,
Makerere University School of Public Health; Vladimir Goordeev, Oueen
116. A Collaborated Intervention Extending HIV/AIDS Awareness and Mary University of London; Angela Baschieri, United Nations Children's
Prevention to Rural Uganda with Integration of Family Planning. Fund (UNICEF), Ethiopia; Hannah Blencowe, London School of Hygiene
Background: The HIV/AIDS epidemic remains a primary public health & Tropical Medicine
concern affecting Uganda’s youthful population aged 18 to 35. Although
prevalence rates decreased by 1.3% between 2011 and 2017, 50,000 new 117. In Pursuit of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and
infections are registered annually. The ‘90-90-90’ target set by the United Global Compact on Migration for Safe, Orderly and Regular Mobility
Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS (UNAIDS) and partners aiming to of Persons; Status of Migration Data on the African Continent:
diagnose, provide antiretroviral therapy and achieve viral suppression for Reflections from Southern Africa
90% of each respective goal by 2020. Reach A Hand Uganda (RAHU) is Migration has never been straight forward demographic indicator. Fertility
contributing to these targets through the iKnow HIV/AIDS Awareness data, theory and understanding of fertility and how policies can affect it
campaign. The campaign encourages young people between 16 and 35 to have taken a quantum leap with the World Fertility surveys as well as the
know their HIV status through a RAHU communication channel Strategy Demographic Health Survey programs since 1967, while the field of

165
migration continues to limp in the 21st Century. Inspired by the recent conclusion, this study showed that abortion rate is still very high in Ghana
engagement with the International Migration for Migration in implementing and differs by regions. Prompt implementation and revision of abortion law
the strengthening migration data assessment in Southern Africa, the paper may have a significant effect on the reduction of maternal mortality and
offers advice on how African countries can strengthen migration data morbidity.
ecosystem in pursuit objective 1 of the Global Compact on Migration. Ololade O. J. Baruwa*, North West University; Paul Ajayi, University of
There is need for intensive studies on the contribution immigrants in host Witwatersrand
economies, determinants and consequences of migration to inform the
development of Africa Migration Survey program and exploration of 119. The Association between Abortion Motivation and Abortion Safety
frontiers of migration data collection towards experimenting an African in Ghana
Migration Survey akin to the World fertility survey In Ghana, where abortion is permitted on very limited legal grounds, unsafe
John Mushomi Atwebembeire*, Makerere University abortions contribute 11% of all maternal mortality. This study investigates
the association between abortion motivation (the primary reason women
117. Enumerator Knowledge Effects in Subjective Expectation sought abortion) and abortion safety. We analyzed a sample of 1,425
Elicitation women using the Ghana Maternal Health Survey (2017). Multinomial
Direct elicitation of subjective beliefs is increasingly popular in economic logistic regression analysis was used to examine the relationship between
research, but doing so via face-to-face surveys has an important downside: abortion motivation and safety. The study found that women who seek
the enumerator’s knowledge of the topic may spill over into the abortions for reasons not covered by legal grounds are at a significantly
respondent’s recorded beliefs. Using a randomized experiment that used higher risk of unsafe abortions. Compared to women who had a legal
enumerators to implement an information treatment, we show that reported ground for abortion, women who cited financial constraints (OR=2.84), a
beliefs are significantly shifted by enumerator knowledge, decreasing by need to space or delay pregnancy (OR=2.51), lack of social support
about 0.3 standard deviations of the initial belief distribution. Trained (OR=2.23), or education/career advancement (OR=3.00) were at a
enumerators primed respondents to use the exact numbers used in the significantly higher risk of seeking least safe abortions. The law should be
training, nudging them away from higher answers. Furthermore, expanded to ensure that women can seek and obtain legal and safe
respondents with stronger priors are less affected by enumerator knowledge. abortions.
We suggest corrections from the perspectives of enumerator recruitment, Ndola Prata*, University of California, Berkeley; Jalang Conteh,
survey design, experiment setup, and data analysis. University of California, Berkeley
Jason Kerwin*, University of Minnesota; Natalia Ordaz Reynoso,
University of Minnesota 119. Suicide among Pregnant Females in South Africa: Intentional Self-
Harm or Attempted Termination of Pregnancy?
119. Understanding the Trends and Variations of Abortion in Regions Suicide among pregnant females could be an intention to self-abort a
of Ghana pregnancy, but result in an unintended death. A possible indicator of this is
Information on the rates and trends of abortion could be important in method or cause of death. The purpose of this study is to examine the levels
identifying gaps in contraceptive use and unwanted pregnancies because and methods of suicide among pregnant females. South African Death
many of the abortions that occurs in African settings are unsafe and has Notification Form data is used for the period 2001 to 2015. A sample of 20
been linked to maternal mortality and morbidity. We used the Demographic females who committed suicide while pregnant is analysed. Frequency
and Health Surveys from 1998-2014 to explore trends and variations of distributions, Proportional Mortality Ratios (PMR) and logistic regression
abortion rates in the regions of Ghana. The results shows that abortion rate models are used. Rates of suicide among pregnant females in the country
is inconsistently high in Ghana with a decline from 19.1% in 1998 to 17% are increasing. Almost 80% of all suicides are accounted for by never
in 2003, but with increase from 16.1% in 2008 to 21.4% in 2014. Result married females. Self-poisoning is the leading method of suicide among
also showed that abortion rate is inconsistent across all regions of Ghana. In pregnant females (50%), followed by hanging (45%). Pregnant females are

166
more likely to self-poison (OR= 1.41, p-value 0.003) than any other method associated with young women contraception using binary logistic
of suicide. regression. Results: Less than one in seven 369(14.1%) (95% CI: 12.8-15.5)
Nicole De Wet - Billings*, University of the Witwatersrand of the participants were using contraceptive methods. The normative
believes (perceived contraceptive approval ) (AOR=2.1; 95%CI=1.8-2.5),
119. Do Actions Speak Louder than Words? Assessing How Drug belief in contraceptive myths(AOR= 0.67; 95%CI=0.58-0.78), self-efficacy(
Sellers Sell and Dispense Misoprostol for Abortion in Lagos State, AOR=1.7; 95% CI=1.23-2.4), spousal communication (AOR=1.4; 95%
Nigeria. CI=1.2-1.7), home contraceptive education by HEWs (AOR=1.5; 95%
Nigeria has restrictive abortion laws but high incidence of induced abortion CI:1.1-2.1) and recent physical IPV experience (AOR=1.4; 95% CI=1.1-
(41.1 - 62.5/1,000 women of reproductive age). Misoprostol has become 1.9) were associated with contraceptive use.
widely available and readily procured from informal drug vendors for Tariku Dingeta Amante*, Yemane Brehan; Yemane Berhane, Addis
medical abortion (MA); the practice of drug vendors, including information Continental Institute of Public Health (AC-IPH); Lemessa Oljira Hordofa,
provided to clients, is however not known. Data were collected to assess the Haramaya University; Alemayehu Worku, Addis Ababa University
practice of drug vendors through interviewer-administered questionnaires
and mystery clients in 6 LGAs of Lagos. About 59% of 207 drug sellers 120. Obstacles to Contraceptive Adoption amongst Women in Union in
interviewed had post-secondary education and 46% had health-related Low Contraceptive Practice Settings in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Case
qualifications. Sixty-four percent of women with abortion-related requests of the Republic of Benin
within one month prior to the survey were offered MA. About a fifth of Despite efforts and commitments to improving the use of contraceptives
drug sellers did not provide information on how to use misoprostol (26%), over the past decades, the rate at which people use contraceptives in Benin
potential complications (21%), or follow-up (30%). Information from the Republic remain low (modern CPR=12% in 2017/2018) even though the
MC study showed poorer practices compared to self-report. Further knowledge of contraception is widespread in most parts of the country. The
analyses will examine additional differences between report and practice present studies attempts to provide more understanding of the barriers
and factors influencing knowledge of MA. undermining contraceptives uptake among Beninese women living in union
Akanni I. Akinyemi*, Harvard School of Public Health; Melissa / marriage. Data were gathered from a total of 199 participants interviewed
Stillman, Guttmacher Institute; Amanda Berry, Guttmacher Institute; using in-depth interviews and focus group discussion guides. Results
Erinfolami Temitope, Obafemi Awolowo University; Adesegun O. Fatusi, showed that traditional and cultural beliefs continue to shape the
Obafemi Awolowo University; Olalekan Olagunju; Onikepe Owolabi, reproductive life of Beninese. Among others, cultural and religious beliefs
Guttmacher Institute; Ann M. Moore, Guttmacher Institute; Akinrinola emerged as important barriers for family planning use. Communities’
Bankole, Guttmacher Institute influence especially partners and family in-law’s roles also emerged. The
study’s findings revealed leading barriers undermining contraceptive uptake
120. Married Young Women Low Contraceptive Use Is Associated with among women in union gave more insights into the way forward for
Normative Beliefs, Misconception and Self-Efficacy in Rural Ethiopia: enhancing contraceptive adoption.
Community Based Cross-Sectional Study Justin Dansou*, University of Ibadan; Adeyemi O. Adekunle, University
Introduction: Contraceptive studies in Ethiopia have mostly limited to of Ibadan; Ayodele Arowojolu, University College Hospital, Ibadan;
individual factors ignoring socio-cultural influences and wide age interval Alphonse M. Affo, Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de
of 15-49 years although young women, who face pressures to conceive is Population (CEFORP); Judicael Alladatin, Universite de Parakou
likely different. This study therefore, to identify the level of married young
women contraception and associated factors. Methods: A community-based 120. The Effect of Method-Specific Attributes on Contraceptive
cross-sectional study was conducted among 3039 14-24 years married Discontinuation and Switching: Analysis of Longitudinal Data from
women in Eastern Ethiopia. Data were collected using a questionnaire Nairobi and Homa Bay in Kenya.
through face to face interview. Odds Ratio (OR) was used to identify factors This study examines the extent to which transition from current use to past

167
use is associated with method-specific beliefs using data from two rounds of Kennedy Eborka*, University of Lagos; Tope Owolabi, Department of
a prospective longitudinal study collected from married women ages 15-39 Sociology, University of Lagos; John Lekan Oyefara, University of Lagos
years from Nairobi and Homa Bay Counties in Kenya. Information on
fertility preferences, contraceptive behavior, method-related beliefs on six 121. Patterns of Delivery Assistance among Adolescent Mothers in
modern contraceptive methods and Calendar data were collected. Data Nigeria
analysis involved both single and multiple decrement life-table analysis. Adolescent mothers in Nigeria have been observed to have consistently low
The twelve-month discontinuation rate for all methods was 36.5%, and the rates of utilisation of skilled birth attendance. Therefore, this study
probability of method switching during the same period was 16.9%. The examined the sociodemographic and health factors associated with the
most common method specific beliefs reported included method causes pattern of delivery assistance among adolescent mothers aged 15-19 in
infertility, it is unsafe to use a method for a long time without break, Nigeria. The study makes use of a weighted sample of 2,096 adolescent
interference with menstruation and side effects. Method related concerns mothers from the Nigeria Demographic and Health Surveys conducted
and beliefs contributed to nearly 52% of the overall discontinuation rate. between 2003 and 2013. Data were analysed using frequencies, chi square
The findings call for improved family planning counseling and quality of tests and multinomial logistic regression respectively. It was discovered that
care. mothers’ age, age at first birth, wealth status, ethnicity, sex of household
Yohannes Dibaba Wado*, African Population and Health Research head, partner’s educational status, region of residence and antenatal care
Center (APHRC); Michael M. Mutua, African Population and Health usage were associated with the type of birth attendant used. Interventions to
Research Center (APHRC); Kazuyo Machiyama, London School of increase the use of skilled birth attendants among adolescent mothers in
Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM); George Odwe, Population Nigeria must consider the continued preference for traditional and unskilled
Council ; John B. Casterline, The Ohio State University; John G. Cleland, birth attendants and unassisted deliveries, and design culturally sensitive
London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine (LSHTM) programmes.
Christiana A. Alex-Ojei*, University of the Witwatersrand; Clifford O.
120. Addressing Misconceptions and Concerns about Uptake of Odimegwu, University of the Witwatersrand; Joshua O. Akinyemi,
Vasectomy/Modern Family Planning Methods for Males in Delta State, University of Ibadan
Nigeria
Nigeria has one of the highest population growth rates in the world and 121. Health Care Utilisation and Internal Migration in Rural and
constitutes the leading contributor to maternal death figures in sub-Saharan Urban South Africa
Africa. This situation has been attributed to low adoption of modern family In South Africa, geographic mobility is high as people engage in both
planning methods (MFPM) among men in Nigeria. This study investigated permanent resettlement, and temporary movement. Such mobility may
concerns that affect men’s use of MFPM in Delta State, Nigeria. The study compromise health care access and utilisation. The objective of this paper is
was qualitative. Data were gathered through In-Depth Interviews (IDIs) to explore health care utilisation and its determinants in a cohort of internal
from 24 participants. The study identified some misconceptions and migrants and permanent residents originating from the Agincourt study site
concerns about male methods, especially, vasectomy. They included fear of in South Africa’s rural northeast. A 5-year cohort study of 3800 individuals
impotence, concern that wives might engage in extramarital affair, and the aged 18-40 commenced in 2017. Data have been collected from 1886
irreversibility of vasectomy amid high maternal/child mortality. To address Agincourt residents and 1217 temporary, mostly urban-based migrants, and
some of these concerns, there should be intensive orientation programmes are analysed using descriptive statistics and logistic regression models.
to resolve existing misconceptions on vasectomy. Knowledge of erect-penis Results suggest that health service utilisation may differ by migrant status
sizes across the various zones in country is needed for condom and gender. Participants residing in Agincourt are significantly more likely
manufacturers to address the issues of burst slippage of condom during to have accessed health services in the preceding year as compared with
sexual intercourse. temporary migrants, with females being more likely than males to have
utilised health services.

168
Carren Ginsburg*, University of the Witwatersrand; Collinson Mark, Increasingly, women’s economic empowerment is used as an approach to
University of the Witwatersrand; Francesc Gomez-Olive, Harvard poverty reduction, improve health and child wellbeing. The present paper
University; Mark Gross, Brown University; Sadson Harawa, University of examines the interlinkages between women’s economic empowerment and
the Witwatersrand; Mark Lurie, Brown University; Keith Mukondwa, reproductive health in Tanzania. The paper uses the Tanzanian
University of the Witwatersrand; Rebecca Wang, Brown University; Demographic and Health Survey Data (TDHS) 2015-16. Analysis is mostly
Stephen Tollman, University of the Witwatersrand; Michael J. White, descriptive. However, multivariate analysis was also done using dimensions
Brown University of women’s economic empowerment on reproductive health outcomes.
Multivariate analysis results are found to be inline with those of descriptive
121. Village Saving Loan Association: An Innovative Tool for analysis suggesting interlinkages between women’s economic
Incentivizing Community Health Workers Programs in Western Kenya empowerment and reproductive health outcomes. Result shows that all the
Village Saving Loan Association (VSLA) is an effective microfinance tool covariates for women’s economic empowerment are significantly associated
in addressing livelihood challenges in low and middle-income countries. with the use of modern contraceptive methods and institutional delivery.
However, little is known about it as a sustainable incentivising tool to retain Esther Dungumaro*, University of Dar es Salaam
and improve the performance of community health volunteers(CHVs). This
study explored the factors that facilitate functionality and operation of 122. Searching the Nexus between Women Empowerment and Female
VSLAs to identify ingredients for the development of a scalable unit. A Genital Cutting/Mutilation
qualitative survey with members of VSLA groups was conducted. FGC is considered a violation of women’s and girls’ rights rooted in gender
Purposive sampling was utilised to identify the study participants. Data inequality. Following this interpretation, ending female genital cutting
were digitally recorded, transcribed verbatim and translated. Framework implies to tackle the root causes of gender inequality and work for women’s
analysis was done using NVivo Software. CHVs and Health Management social and economic empowerment, as from the 2030 Agenda for
Teams found VSLA helpful at individual and group level; they leveraged on Sustainable Development. This paper discusses and examines the relevance
the VSLA meetings to discuss health service delivery issues at the of women empowerment on daughters’ transmission of female genital
community level. VSLA presents an opportunity to contribute to the cutting. In particular, it will be enlightened if and how the empowerment of
sustainability of incentivisation mechanism for community health programs. mothers is a protective factor for the next generation of girls, according to
There is an ongoing evaluation to determine how VSLA contributes background and socioeconomic conditions of adult women. To this purpose,
towards CHVs retention and performance. it will be implemented a generalized linear mixed model approach to study
Geoffrey Tanui*, Save the Children International; Sarah Mukisa, Save FGC support. This model permits the relaxation of the unrealistic
the Children International; Tewodros Gebremichael, Save the Children assumption that the support for FGC for women belonging to a family and
International; Emmanuel Luvai, Busia County Government, MOH; Daniel to a country is conditionally independent, after controlling the included
Kavoo, Community Health and Development Unit, MOH; John Emmanuel covariates.
Papai, Bungoma County Government, MOH; Samuel Kiogora, Community Patrizia Farina*, Università degli Studi di Milano - Bicocca; Mawa
Health and Development Unit, MOH; Lynn Kanyuuru, Save the Children; Mohamed, PhD Student; Livia Elisa Ortensi, Alma Mater Studiorum -
Martin Omedo, Save the Children International University of Bologna; Thomas Pettinato, Researcher

122. Examining the Interlinkages of Women’s Economic 122. Is Household Wealth Associated with Consistent Condom Use
Empowerment and Reproductive Health in Tanzania among Young Women (15-35) in Zimbabwe?
Women’s economic empowerment is critical for achieving the 2030 Agenda Zimbabwe is the highest consumer of condoms in Africa, however people
for Sustainable Development. The International Conference on Population still report not using condoms if they are in multiple partnerships or living
and Development Programme of Action in 1994 clearly stipulated the with HIV/AIDS. Evidence is lacking on the influence of household wealth
importance of women’s economic empowerment and their improved health. on consistent condom use among young women in Zimbabwe. Logistic

169
regression models were used to analyze a sample of 5214 women (15-35) remarried women. However, fertility of women who were in union in a
who reported the use of condom during sexual intercourse with the most second or higher order union was significantly higher (ß=0.135, p<0.001)
recent partner 12 months before the survey. Twenty two percent of the than their counterparts who have been married more than once but were not
female respondents reported to be consistent condom users. It emerged from currently in union. The findings indicate that fertility among remarried
the study that household wealth is a significant predictor of consistency of women is uniquely different and thus requires specific policy interventions.
condom use. In addition to condom distribution in Zimbabwe, correct and Gertrude E Elleamoh*, University of Ghana; Fidelia A. A. Dake,
consistent condom use should be encouraged. Some of the SDGs entail University of Ghana
eradicating poverty and ensuring healthy lives for all, therefore there should
be programs aimed at empowering young women to improve their living 123. Early Marriages in Uganda: A Comparative Assessment of
standards. Determinants across Regions
Goabaone Mabaila* While early marriage is common in Uganda, not all girls face the same risk
across regions. This study aimed at the socio-economic and enabling factors
123. Flux and Strain in Marriage Contraction: The Changing Face of that influence early marriages across the regions of Uganda. Using a
Bridewealth in Contemporary Ghana weighted sample of 13,768 ever married women from the 2016 UDHS.
This paper uses semi-structured in-depth interviews with traditional rulers Frequency distributions, Pearson’s chi-square (x^2 ) test and multivariable
and community leaders in Ghana to examine the current role of bridewealth logistic regression analyses were used. Early marriage was highest in
in marriage and the implications of changes in the practice of bridewealth Eastern region (30%), and lowest in Central region (19%). Across regions,
for unions. We find that bridewealth still occupies a central role in marriage key determinants of early marriage were; education level, age at first birth
in Ghana. However, social, cultural, and economic changes have led to a and age at first sex. However, residence, wealth status and religion were
breakdown of norms surrounding marriage contraction and the marriage only predictors in Western region. Therefore, the study underscores the
process becoming more expensive than it was in the past. These have given need to strengthen strategies that promote girl child education, delayed
the leeway for the women to contribute to the bridewealth payment, leading initiation of sexual intercourse and child birth as measures for addressing
to a shift in the power base of marriage and that may lead to marital early marriage across regions. There is also a need to employ interventions
conflict, and instability. It is suggested that the role of love in modern that target women in Western region.
marriages is explored and men are engaged in the process of developing Jude Otim*, Kyambogo University; Robert Wamala, Makerere University
healthy masculinities and as avenues to counter the effects of these changes
in marriage contraction. 124. Gender-Differentiated Household Vulnerability to Environmental
Naa Dodua Dodoo*, University of Ghana Stressors in the Volta Delta, Ghana
This study investigated the relationship between household gender
123. “Cementing” Marriages through Childbearing in Subsequent composition and vulnerability to economic and environmental impacts of
Unions: Insights into Fertility Differentials among First-Time Married flooding and drought. The study utilised data on 1364 households from the
Women and Remarried Women in Ghana 2016 DECCMA Survey in the Volta Delta of Ghana. There are two
There is a growing body of research on the factors that account for the stall dimensions of vulnerability (economic and environmental) each to flooding
of fertility in some sub-Saharan African countries but research on the and drought. Gender is typified by sex of household head and household
contribution of type of union is limited. This study examined fertility adult sex composition. Binary logistic regression models revealed little
differentials by type of union among 6,285 ever married Ghanaian women differentiation of vulnerability by household gender compositions when
aged 15-49 years. In the unadjusted model, fertility among remarried other sociodemographic and location characteristics are controlled for.
women was observed to be higher by about 0.3 children compared to Male-headed households with female adults were more likely to be
women who were in a first-time marriage but in the fully adjusted model, vulnerable to economic impacts of flooding and droughts than male-adult
there were no significant differences in the fertility of first-time married and only and female-adult only households. Household location and

170
socioeconomic characteristics were also differently associated with impacts of climate. This paper uses a wide range of materials for its
economic and environmental dimensions of vulnerability to different realisation. The result of this work is that women and girls are more
hazards. Findings oppose the blanket feminisation of vulnerability. We vulnerable to climate change as well as natural resources in Africa.
recommend that future research consider perspectives of gendered Rodrick Ndi*, Dschang school of Law and Political Science, University of
household compositions. Dschang
Donatus Yaw Atiglo*, Regional Institute for Population Studies ; Samuel
Codjoe, University of Ghana 124. Gender Disparities Sited in Strategies Employed by Bee Farmers
to Minimize Impacts of Climate Variability in Kamwenge District,
124. Women’s Perspectives and Experiences of Climate Change: The Western Uganda.
Case of Rural Kwazulu Natal, South Africa Climate variability has affected rural farmers’ livelihoods. In Kamwenge
The world is currently seized with the problem of climate change and this District, both men and women are steadily incorporating bee farming
manifests in different forms that include amongst others drought, severe activities into their livelihoods. The main focus of this study was to
heat and rising sea levels. In rural South Africa, inconsistent rainfall establish the rainfall trends, impacts of climate variability on bee farmer’s
patterns have been the most notable manifestation of climate change. This is livelihoods and assess farmers coping strategies towards the impacts of
because it affects subsistence agriculture which poses a direct threat to food climate variability according to gender. Findings showed that bee farming
security. Since women are at the centre of food production through activities were being dominated by the men as compared to their female
subsistence farming in rural South Africa, this study explores the challenges counterparts. Males and women reported similarly the same impacts of
they face in rural KwaZulu- Natal using a qualitative approach. Two focus climate variability most especially increase in drought, loss in crop
groups discussions (FGDs) were conducted with women whose livelihoods productivity, loss of crops and animals, increasing occurrence of pests and
were mainly dependent on subsistence farming. Findings suggest that diseases and subsequently worsening poverty levels. They also highlighted
women have been experiencing a reduction in harvests owing to drought. In to be engaged in coping strategies especially afforestation, agroforestry,
addition, diversification of livelihoods through fishing activities has been environmental conservation, avoiding bush /charcoal burning and small
affected as water sources have dried up. Women are finding it difficult to scale irrigation and water dam construction especially for the livestock.
adapt and cope to climate change. KEY WORDS: Gender, rainfall variability, livelihoods, bee farming,
Fanelesibonge Masinga, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Pranitha Adaptation
Maharaj, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Divane Nzima*, University of Hosea Opedes*, Makerere University; Fredrick Tumwine, Makerere
KwaZulu-Natal University; Isaac Mugume, Makerere University

124. Gender Dimensions of Vulnerability to Climate Change as Well as 125. Assessment of Interventions in Primary Health Care for Improved
Gender Dimensions to Natural Resources Maternal, New-Born and Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: A
Abstract Women are disproportionately affected by climate change effects. Systematic Review
The primary burden of natural resource management is on women, making Primary health care (PHC) holds great potential to improve maternal, new-
them more vulnerable than men to the impacts of climate change, with great born and child health (MNCH) outcomes. Meanwhile, there has been
pressure on their adaptive capacities. Gender dimensions of vulnerability to limited documentation of its effect on increasing universal access to
climate change as well as gender dimensions of natural resources weighs maternal, new-born and child health services in sub-Saharan Africa. We
more on women and the girls, therefore, in order to harnessing African's conducted a systematic review of empirical evidence and interventions at
population for sustainable development, gender vulnerability to climate the primary health care level for effective delivery of MNCH care in sub-
change as well as gender dimensions of natural resources should be Saharan Africa. Using terms related to PHC and MNCH, we searched
addressed. This paper is out to discover why there is gender bias by climate African Journals Online, PubMed/Medline, Popline, ScienceDirect, and
change impacts and why women and girls are more vulnerable to the Google Scholar among others for studies published in English between

171
2000 and 2017. A total of 25 studies were included in the review. Effective 125. Effect of Performance-Based Financing on Health Service
interventions included financial incentives, task-shifting, community- Delivery: A Case Study from Adamawa State, Nigeria
directed engagements, training of providers, mobile health, cost-sharing and Nigeria lags behind other African countries in terms of health outcome
supportive supervision among others. The results documented in these indicators, despite economic advantages. The poor health outcome
studies indicate that effective delivery of PHC will significantly improve indicators might be attributed to the poor service delivery. This paper
maternal, new-born and child health in sub-Saharan Africa. evaluates the experimental effect of Performance-Based Financing (PBF),
Friday Okonofua, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo State , Nigeria; which was randomly introduced to some Local Government Areas (LGA)
Lorretta Favour C. Ntoimo*, Federal University Oye-Ekiti; Oludamilola in Adamawa state (northeastern), on service deliver indictors. We use
Adejumo, University of Medical Sciences, Ondo; Wilson Imongan, Difference-in-Differences (DiD) to evaluate the effect of PBF on seven
Women's Health and Action Research Centre (WHARC); Rosemary Ogu, health service delivery indicators in Adamawa state. We find that PBF is
University of Port Harcourt; Seun Anjorin, Women's Health and Action highly effective in increasing the quantity of most of health service delivery
Research Centre indicators. However, PBF did not have any impact on the quantity of full
vaccination and postnatal care provided. Suggestive evidence shows that
125. Knowledge, Attitudes and Acceptancy of Maternal Immunization this insignificant effect is not due to the low unit price nor due to the high
in South Africa: Perspectives from Pregnant Mothers and Healthcare baseline rate. Future work should explore why PBF influenced some service
Providers. delivery but not others.
Maternal immunization has prevented millions of child deaths globally; Ryoko Sato*, Harvard School of Public Health; Abdullahi Belel,
nevertheless incomplete vaccination remains a public health concern in Independent
South Africa, where almost half of child deaths occur during neonatal
period. This study explored the knowledge and attitudes inhibiting vaccine 126. Socio-Economic Challenges Facing Elderly: Perspectives and
acceptancy during pregnancy. Key informant and semi-structured Experiences of Older People in Efolweni Township in Kwazulu Natal.
interviews were conducted with pregnant women receiving antenatal care at The aim of the study was to understand the challenges facing the older
community clinics, antenatal staff, women enrolled in maternal persons who are 65 to 75 years of age in Folweni Township. A case study
immunization trials and non-pregnant women residing in Soweto. FGDs research design was used. Qualitative research methodology was used to
were also held with church and community leaders. The study established a underpin the study and purposive sampling was employed to select 20
positive attitude and high acceptability of maternal immunization. However, participants; 10 females and 10 males. Data was collected using in-depth
there is poor knowledge regarding the health benefits and types of interviews, and analysed using thematic analysis. The study found that
vaccinations administered. Reasons adduced for poor knowledge about challenges older persons face include lack of livelihood sources, and
vaccination include lack of communication on maternal immunization economic challenges, social challenges, health conditions challenges,
during antenatal sessions or clinic visits and power dynamics that tend to support systems challenges and community services challenges. Informed
exist between healthcare workers and patients. Ensuring that healthcare by the findings in this study, there is need for government policy makers,
workers provide useful information regarding benefit of vaccination may professionals, and stakeholders to formulate interventions relevant to lived
increase patients’ confidence and immunization uptake. experiences of the older persons. Interventions on older people’s livelihood,
Motlatso Rampedi-Godongwana*, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens economic, social, health, support systems and community services
Research Unit (RMPRU); University of the Witwatersrand; Dr Nellie challenges can help to improve the basic quality of life of older persons .
Myburg, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit (RMPRU); Charlotte Zamokuhle Biyela*
Dr Clare Cutland, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens Research Unit
(RMPRU); Nomasonto Radebe, Respiratory and Meningeal Pathogens 126. Reflections on the Quality of Life of Older People in South Africa
Research Unit (RMPRU); Sunday Adedini, University of the Using Data from the South African Social Attitudes Survey
Witwatersrand Background: The focus of this paper is on exploring the patterns and

172
determinants of wellbeing among older people in South Africa. Methods: models and cross-sectional study. Data analyzed using time-series analysis,
The study makes use of pooled from nine consecutive annual survey rounds estimation model, chi-square and logistic regression among others. The
of the South African Attitudes Survey conducted between 2009 and 2017. study found that 1/3 of a million of older persons representing 2.1% of the
The analysis focuses on the nature, trends and socio-demographic cleavages total Nigerian population have HIV compared to above 2millions of those
in patterns of personal wellbeing among 5,246 South Africans aged 60 aged 15-49 (3.1 % of the population). Needs of the older persons should be
years and older using the eight-item Personal Wellbeing Index (PWI). integrated into responses to the HIV epidemic. Key words: Incidence;
Results: Multivariate analysis suggests that significant differences in PWI Prevalence; HIV; Infections; Older persons
scores exist among older persons in the country, especially along class lines. Elias O. Wahab*, Lagos State University
The self-rated poor and those living in an informal urban settlement
reported lower PWI scores. Even after controlling for these factors, clear 128. Rôles parentaux et développement des jeunes enfants au
racial differences in PWI continue to exist, with older black African adults Cameroun: équité ou complémentarité ?
reporting lower scores on average than white adults. Conclusion: Ageing Pour plus de chances d’avoir un développement intégral normal, les jeunes
issues need to be effectively integrated into programmatic and policy enfants ont autant besoin de l’implication de leur mère que celle de leur
interventions. père (Paquette, 2008). Cependant, on constate au Cameroun, une
Pranitha Maharaj*, University of KwaZulu-Natal; Benjamin Roberts, prédominance de l’implication des mères par rapport à celle de leur conjoint
Human Science Research Council dans les activités d’éveil partagées avec leurs enfants de bas âge :
administration des soins et éducation (Mbarga, 2012). Ce qui pourrait être
126. Old-age Mortality in sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Censuses l’une des sources explicatives de la proportion importante des jeunes
and Surveys Estimates enfants présentant des problèmes de développement. En 2014, près de 38%
Robust estimates of adult and child mortality are now available for sub- des enfants de 3-4 ans ont un retard de développement au Cameroun
Saharan Africa, but few efforts have been devoted to estimating mortality (MICS-Cameroun, 2014). De ce fait, qu’est ce qui fait que les pères ne
among people aged 50 and above. The objective of this paper is to describe s’impliquent pas autant que les mères dans le développement de leurs
levels and age patterns of older adult mortality in this region of the world. jeunes enfants au Cameroun ? La spécification de tâches parentales au
The analysis covers 18 sub-Saharan African countries for which Cameroun a-t-elle des répercussions négatives sur le développement
information is available on deaths by sex and age within households in two intégral des jeunes enfants ?
recent censuses or recent national surveys. We use death distribution Olivier Abondo*, Doctorant, IFORD
methods to adjust mortality rates for incompleteness of death reporting.
Soumaila Ouedraogo*, Institut National d'Études Démographiques 128. The Double Benefits of the Child Development Training Program
(INED); Bruno Masquelier, Université Catholique de Louvain; Géraldine at Uganda Christian University
Duthé, Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED) Uganda’s largest population is made up of young people under the age of 18
years yet majority of them are experiencing poor growth and development
126. Incidence, Prevalence and Impact of HIV Infections among Older under the care of human capital that lacks interest, skills and knowledge to
Persons in Nigeria work with children. In this paper I present the double benefits of the child
Due to the paucity of data on HIV infection among the older persons, the development training program at Uganda Christian University. Based on
burden of this disease is almost always ignored, representing significant analysis and reflection of student internship reports, student course
blind spot in the fight against the disease. Individuals 50yrs+ account for assessment reports and classroom experiences, i discuss the benefits of
10% of the cumulative HIV infection in the USA, same is unknown for training in ECD to children and to the trainees. The paper concludes that
Nigeria. This study intends to elicit required database. Data sources include one of the most important investments for African countries such as Uganda
UNAIDS, DHS, World Population prospects and Cross sectional study. is to build capacity of child care workers since it is not only beneficial to the
Data therefore are derived from mathematical, demographic projection child worker but also to the child. The paper recommends the need for

173
universities and training institutions to seek partnership in providing broad 129. Sustainable Development Goal 3 and the Termination of
effective quality training for child workers. Pregnancy Act of Zimbabwe - an Argument for Expanding Women’s
Jackline Achan*, Uganda Chrisitian University Access to Sexual and Reproductive Health Rights
This paper examines the impact of the Termination of Pregnancy Act
128. Investissements dans la petite enfance et dividende démographique (Chapter 15:10) of Zimbabwe in fully realising women’s access to sexual
au Mali and reproductive health rights, as part of its commitment of achieving
Les investissements dans le développement de la petite enfance universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including
conditionnent la qualité du dividende démographique attendu. Des analyses family planning by 2030. The paper reveals that though the Act restricts
du profil démographique du Mali, il est ressorti que si l'Etat aide les enfants abortion to circumstances of rape, incest, fetal impairment, or to save the
à venir au monde (gratuité et assistance médicale dans les domaines de la life of the pregnant woman, access to legal abortions on these grounds is
santé maternelle et infantile), il est peu présent en ce qui concerne la however practically difficult and rare. Since illegal unsafe abortions and
scolarité des enfants, en particulier au préscolaire. C'est à partir du second maternal mortality ratios remain high in Zimbabwe, removal of barriers to
cycle fondamental que chaque enfant reçoit les niveaux les plus élevés de access to abortion services would be the first crucial step to take if it were to
ressources publiques en éducation. A partir des Comptes Nationaux de have universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services. This
Transferts (NTA), l'étude sur les investissements dans la petite enfance a calls for the modernisation of the Termination of Pregnancy Act in order for
pour objet d'évaluer l'efficacité des politiques publiques en matière de Zimbabwe to align with Sustainable Development Goal 3 agenda.
scolarisation et de santé des enfants. Elle devra permettre de faire ressortir Obdiah Mawodza*, Boston City Campus
les faiblesses dans la mise en œuvre de ces politiques, qui entravent le
développement de l'enfant et à terme, le capital humain qu'il constituera. 129. “Closed Mouths Don’t Get Fed”: Understanding the Patterns of
Sadou Doumbo*, SWEDD Project - Mali; Latif Dramani, CREG- Parent-Adolescent Communication on Sexual and Reproductive Health
CREFAT; Moussa Sidibe, Projet SWEDD Mali; Robert Dabou, Projet Issues in Ibadan Slums, Southwest Nigeria
SWEDD Mali Poor parent-adolescent communication about sexual and reproductive
health (SRH) issues is associated with poor sexual outcomes among
128. Early Childhood Development in Urban Slums of Johannesburg: adolescents in Nigeria with the case worst for adolescents’ slum dwellers.
Does Where Children Lives Matter? This study investigated SRH issues and patterns of parent-adolescent
Early childhood development period is the most crucial development phase communications in select slums in Ibadan, Nigeria. Mixed methods
throughout lifespan The surrounding environment has a vital impact on the sequential explanatory design involving structured questionnaire with 796
way that children brain develop; they play, explore their surrounding parent-adolescent dyads and 8 FGDs were employed. Quantitative data
environment, and learn how to speak and listen to others during their early were analysed using percentages, chi-square and kappa coefficient while
years. The study examine how the environment in urban slums of qualitative data were analysed thematically. Communication regarding SRH
Johannesburg affects the early childhood development. This is a cross- occurs in many households but indirectly. A higher proportion of mothers
sectional study, which utilize the General Household Survey (GHS) 2016. discuss all SRH issues with their adolescents than fathers. Discussion were
The study sample is 586 children who are residing in Johannesburg slums. usually on limited topics. The study concluded that there is a complex web
Binary logistic regression was used to examine the association between the of factors influencing parent-adolescent communication concerning SRH
place of residence and early childhood development. Children living in issues which needs to be considered without which any intervention to
urban slums of Johannesburg were associated with higher likelihood of not improve SRH communication between parents and adolescents might not
attending the Early Childhood development facility. have the desired outcome.
Fulufhedzani Ravele*; Nicole De Wet - Billings, University of the Taofeek Aliyu*, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Obafemi
Witwatersrand Awolowo University, Ile-Ife; Josua Aransiola, Department of Sociology
and Anthropology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife

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129. Comprehensive Sexuality Education in Six Southern Africa des Besoins non satisfaits en planification familiale (BNS/PF) qui
Countries: Perspectives from Learners and Teachers demeurent élevés au Bénin. Elle résulte de l’analyse des données de
This paper explores issues around the content and delivery of l’Enquête Démographique et de Santé du Bénin_2011-2012 portant sur
Comprehensive Sexuality Education (CSE) and Sexual and Reproductive 11680 femmes de 15-49 ans en union, à travers la méthode de régression
Health (SRH) commodity provision at schools from the perspectives of logistique binomiale. Les résultats révèlent que la préférence du conjoint en
leaners and teachers in six Southern Africa countries. The paper is derived matière de fécondité et son âge sont associés aux BNS en espacement des
from the needs assessment conducted under the SRHR-HIV Knows no naissances alors que le niveau de vie du ménage influence les BNS en
Borders Project in the Kingdom of Eswatini, Lesotho, Malawi, limitation des naissances. Par ailleurs, l’âge de la femme, le nombre
Mozambique, South Africa, and Zambia. The findings show that although d’enfants nés vivants, son département de résidence ainsi que son
Basic Education policies in Southern African countries are in tandem with accessibilité aux services de santé déterminent également les deux types de
international, regional and national policies. However, implementation of BNS/PF. La promotion de la santé sexuelle et de la reproduction au Bénin
the policies regarding the full CSE content and SRH commodity gagnerait davantage si elle prenait en compte les facteurs d’influence des
distribution in schools is far from being fulfilled owing to conflicting BNS/PF.
policies and socio-cultural values of diverse stakeholders. The findings Alphonse M. Affo*, Centre de Formation et de Recherche en matière de
highlight the need for awareness campaigns and training in communities in Population (CEFORP); Robert Djogbenou, Université de Montréal; Josué
order to promote positive perceptions among stakeholders toward teaching D. G. Avakoudjo, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Université d'Abomey-
of sensitive CSE topics and the distribution of SRH commodities in schools. Calavi (FSS/UAC); Cyriaque Degbey, Institut régional de Santé Publique,
Christine Chawhanda*, Wits University; Temitope Ogunlela, University Université d'Abomey-Calavi (IRSP/UAC); Jacques Saizonou, Institut
of Witwatersrand School of Public Health; Latifat Ibisomi, Wits University régional de Santé Publique, Université d'Abomey-Calavi (IRSP/UAC);
Pacôme Acotcheou, Centre de Formation et de Recherche en Matière de
129. Does CSE Contribute to the Empowerment of Young People? The Population; Justin Dansou, University of Ibadan
Case of Burundi
Sex education in schools is being rolled out in schools in Burundi, using a 130. Social and Demographic Contexts of Postpartum Family Planning
nationally validated manual. This study assesses the effectiveness of this and Desired Family Size among Men in Delta State, Nigeria
approach, using a mixed-method natural experiment, including: 1) panel This study explored the social and demographic contexts of adoption of
survey data (pre-post) from 825 pupils in 15 intervention and 15 family planning methods by men during their wives’ postpartum and
comparison schools; 2) in-depth interviews with 54 pupils and 3) a process desired fertility. The study involved a cross-sectional survey among 800
evaluation. Two rounds of data collection have been completed, and respondents in Delta State, Nigeria. Somer’s delta, t-test and logistic
analyses are ongoing. We expect positive effects of sex education on some regression were adopted for analysis. Age at marriage was not related to
of the knowledge questions (e.g. fertile period and STI knowledge). The men’s use of contraceptives during wives’ postpartum. Men who have
intervention also contributes to more gender equal attitudes, and an visited family planning clinic were 0.303 more likely to use contraceptives
increased rejection of gender based violence. We expect less effect on body than those who have not. Urban men were 0.614 times more likely to
self-esteem and voice as they score relatively high in the baseline study, support their wives than their rural counterparts. There was a statistically
although from the qualitative interviews we expect to find effects on the significant positive relationship between number of children in a man’s
wellbeing in relation to self (e.g. feeling more confident, less anxiety). family of birth and desired family size with d=0.186, p<0.05. Among
Judith Westeneng*, Rutgers others, it was recommended that family planning clinics for male be
established across the states, and the optimum number of four children in
130. Influence de l’homme sur les Besoins non satisfaits en matière de the National Population Policy be extended to men.
planification familiale (BNS/PF) chez les femmes en union au Bénin Kennedy Eborka*, University of Lagos; Eno Akarawak, Department of
La présente communication vise à mettre en relief les facteurs explicatifs

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Mathematics, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos; Ebele Chibuzo, l'Université de Lomé; Bilampoa Gnoumou Thiombiano, Université de
Department of Sociology, University of Lagos, Akoka, Yaba, Lagos Ouagadougou; Kodjo Dodji Gbetoglo, Université de Lomé

130. Male Involvement in Women’s Abortion Related Care: A 131. A Health Systems Strengthening Initiative in Rural Ghana: The
Systematic Scoping Review Impact of the Ghana Essential Health Interventions Program on Use of
The ICPD recognised the significance of men in the attainment of universal ANC Services
SRHR. Recent evidence in abortion research has suggested the role men can This paper presents the effects of a health systems strengthening program
play in women’s abortion trajectories, but the extent of this involvement is on use of ANC services in rural northern Ghana. The Ghana Essential Heath
unknown. This paper seeks to identify and synthesise the current evidence Interventions Program (GEHIP) tested the proposition that strengthening
of male involvement in abortion. This systematic scoping is of peer- health system building blocks at the district level could lead to
reviewed articles published between 01.01.2010-31.12.2018, in English, improvements health system functioning and improve maternal and child
which relate to male involvement in women’s abortion trajectories. 34 health outcomes. The interventions included expanding the range of
studies met the inclusion criteria. Almost all studies used women as their primary health care functionality; training volunteers the in WHO
primary sample. 20 studies were based solely or partially in Africa. “integrated management of childhood illness” regimen; simplifying and
Evidence suggested that men as partners and parents played a consistently improving information systems; assuring appropriate logistics and supplies;
significant role, e.g. through control of resources, finances, information developing a tool for budgeting that links financial planning with burden of
services, in women’s abortion trajectories, particularly in women’s ability to disease; and redirecting leadership training to community engagement and
access safe abortion services. Few studies have explored male perspectives resource mobilization. Interventions were implemented 3 district with
of their roles or used representative samples. another four districts are comparison. Our results show that GEHIP did not
Joe Strong*, LSE increase the use of ANC services but rather improved the quality of ANC
services received
130. « C’est l’homme qui décide et la femme lui est soumise. » - Patrick Asuming*, University of Ghana; Ayaga Bawah, Regional Institute
Contribution des Ecoles de maris pour une implication des hommes for Population Studies
dans l'utilisation de la Planification Familiale (PF) au sein des couples
au Togo. 131. Utilization of Mobile Phone Short Message to Enhance Focused
Au Togo, la faible adhésion des hommes aux idéaux de la SR et leur faible Ante Natal Care among Women in Kenya
implication aux services y afférents ont un double impact : le maintien à un The utilization of focused ante natal care in Tharaka Nithi County is 56%.
niveau faible des indicateurs d’utilisation des services de SR au sein de la This study examined the influence of short message service in enhancing
population masculine sexuellement active et l’évolution lente de utilization of focused ante natal care. A single blind randomized controlled
l’utilisation des services de SR par les femmes et les jeunes filles en lien trial was carried in three facilities with a final sample for analysis of 241.
avec les comportements et attitudes négatifs des hommes. Cette The intervention was three short message reminders. The study instruments
communication se base sur les données qualitatives de l’enquête de were interviewer administered questionnaires, focus group discussion guide
référence sur «la santé reproductive chez les hommes et les garçons au Togo and key informant interview guide. The uptake of focused ante natal care
(2017) » et celles des enquêtes de suivi-évaluation de l’intervention pour for intervention and control group was 75% and 13% respectively. The
cerner les causes de la faible implication des hommes à l’utilisation des intervention increased the probability of using care by 19.6 times (OR: 19.6,
services de SR/PF, évaluer la contribution des Ecoles de maris pour une P<0.001, CI = 10.06 – 38.37). The effect size was very large (Cohen’s D =
amélioration de l’utilisation de la PF et dégager les facteurs de changement 1.55). The study recommends utilization of mobile based short messages to
susceptibles d’être mis à échelle au Togo. improve ante natal services.
Ayawavi Sitsopé Toudeka*, Unité de Recherche Démographique de Eliphas Gitonga*, Kenyatta University; Jackim M. Nyamari, Kenyatta

176
University; Peterson Warutere, Kenyatta University; Anthony Wanyoro, stress, anger, frustration and hopelessness. Conclusion Pregnant and
Kenyatta University adolescent mothers are psychologically stressed and do not have sufficient
support systems. There is need for more structures to provide this type of
131. Persistent Barriers to MNCH Services in Garissa Sub-County: support.
Kenya Caroline Wainaina*, African Population and Health Research Center
Background: Garissa County has persistently had poor levels of maternal (APHRC); Estelle Monique Sidze, African Population and Health
new-born and child health indicators, an innovation study was launched to Research Center (APHRC)
support the provision of accessible, affordable and quality maternal
newborn and child health (MNCH) care in the underserved communities. 132. La comparabilité des données sur les ménages et les structures
Methods: A qualitative study was undertaken as part of impact evaluation of familiales dans les recensements du Burkina-Faso, Mali et Sénégal
an innovation project in three sites. Focus group discussions were La définition du ménage varie, parfois de façon importante, entre les
conducted among wider community members and key informant interviews organismes chargés des collectes des données. Comment s'assurer alors que
among health managers and other stakeholders. Results: Majority of les statistiques sur les ménages, leurs évolutions, mais aussi leurs
participants