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ECOS

ECOS
ECOS

F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Esc Enter

Electronic Crane Operating System

MAIN
MAIN
MENU
MENU
Sample Function Map
+BE700.A35024 +BE630.A4 +BE630.A2

Length EKS4
ECOS

Unit SLI F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 Esc Enter

+BE630.S2

Can-Bus +BE630.A1
PLD
Engine
Management

EST 0 EST 1 EST 2


Joystick
+BE630.S1
+BE600.M

Logic
Block
P1 Y2110
+BE660.M

EKS4 Reel
21 Proximity Switches
Monitor Pinning
and Cylinder End
Position Functions
Length Unit Reel
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Crane control
Crane control dis play
Is s witched on together with the ignition.
T he readines s dis play SY ST E M OK ! appears
******************************* after s witching on.
T he dis play s hows error m es s ages from the
ECOS
crane control s ys tem and inform ation on the
SYSTEM OK! current conditions of different areas .
******************************* E ach area has its own m enu.

T he various m enus are s elected by pres s ing the following m em brane


s witches :
M em brane s witch D isplay states
M em brane s witch Power unit speeds/critical load control
M em brane s witch Control lever emergency program
M em brane s witch D isplay telescope status and teleautomatic
M em brane s witch E nter telescope status after emergency operation
E rror m es s ages are dis played with priority im m ediately after a m al-
function occurs ;

T he text of the crane control dis play can be s hown in G erm an, E nglis h,
French, Dutch, S panis h, Italian, Danis h, Finnis h, S wedis h, Portugues e,
Polis h and R us s ian. In addition, m etres or feet can be s et as the unit of
m eas urem ent. T he language and the unit of m eas urem ent are s et at s hip-
m ent. If you need to change the s etting, pleas e contact G R O V E Product
S upport.

M em brane s w itch for view and entry dis play


T he V iew and entry display m em brane s witches s erve to acknowledge error
m es s ages and to enter values in the s elected range and to s witch be-
tween the m enu points .
T he neces s ary m em brane s witches are activated if the Crane control display
indicates an error m es s age or if s ettings can be carried out in the dis -
played m enu.

B oth left-hand m em brane s witches have an additional function and are al-
ways active. T hey s erve to s witch between m enu points in increas ing or
decreas ing order within a m enu.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Display states membrane switch


> Pushing the switch selects the Display states menu. This menu shows the
current states and the operating hours of the crane engine, the hoists, the
derricking gear, the slewing gear, the telescoping gear, the control units,
the locking devices and, with additional equipment, the lattice extension.
If a function is completely or partially blocked by the crane control system
due to a malfunction, the menu displays that a malfunction is present;

Power unit speeds/critical load control membrane switch


@ Pressing the switch selects the Power unit speed/Critical load control menu.
In this menu, one can enter the maximum speed for main boom and latti-
ce extension operation for the slewing gear, hoists, telescoping gear,
derricking gear and, with additional equipment, for the derricking cylinder
or the lattice extension. The critical load control can be switched on and
off in another submenu;

Control lever emergency program membrane switch


Pushing the switch selects the Control lever emergency program menu. If one
control lever fails, the corresponding crane motions can be carried out in
an emergency using this menu;

Display telescope status and teleautomatic membrane switch


Pressing the switch selects the Display telescope status and teleautomatic
menu. This menu shows the current telescoping status of all telescope
sections as a percentage.
If all telescope sections are locked, the current extended length of the tele-
scoping cylinder is shown in feet;

By pressing the switch again, the submenu Fully automatic telescope is


selected;

Entering telescope status after emergency operation membrane switch


The menu Enter telescope status after emergency operation is selected with the
switch. In order to select the menu, the switch must be pressed three
times in a row within 2 seconds. This menu is required to enter the
current telescope status if the crane control system is to be suddenly cut
off from the power supply during storage of the values or if telescoping
was done in emergency mode;
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Foot-operated switch for fast speed derricking gear / telescoping gear


Switching on fast
speed mode: Push down foot-operated switch and hold it down
Switching off fast
speed mode: Release foot-operated switch

H During lowering of the boom, fast speed mode only supports the start-up
of the derricking procedure at extreme boom positions. It does not increa-
se the derricking speed;

SLI early warning lamp


x The SLI early warning lamp will illuminate when the actual load reaches
90 % or more of the maximum permissible load. An intermittent buzzer
tone sounds at the same time;

Warning lamp for SLI shutdown


w Illuminates when the SLI switches off the load moment increasing crane
movements because approx. 100 % of the maximum permitted load has
been reached (overload) or an error has occured. A continuous buzzer
tone sounds at the same time;

Telescoping gear

Rocker switch for telescoping gear shutdown


Shuts off the telescoping gear to prevent inadvertent operation.

Switch off telescoping gear: Press rocker switch down.

Switching on telescoping gear: Press rocker switch up.

Rocker switch for preselection of control lever function


_ derricking / telescoping / derricking lattice extension1)
Switches the control lever function between derricking gear, telescoping
gear and lattice extension.
Derrick control lever function: Put rocker switch in the central
position
Telescoping control lever function: Press rocker switch up
Derrick lattice extension Press rocker switch down
control lever function:
1)
Preselection of control lever function Derrick lattice extension only
with additional equipment.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Indicator lamp for telescoping gear control lever function switched on


T Illuminates if the control lever function Telescoping gear is switched on.

Righthand control lever

Telescoping in: Control lever to the left

Telescoping out: Control lever to the right

Indicating lamp for telescoping cylinder in foot section I


V Flashes if the head of the telescoping cylinder moves into the locking ran-
ge in the foot section of telescope section I.
Lights up when the telescoping cylinder in the telescope section I foot sec-
tion is locked.
Goes out if the head of the telescoping cylinder leaves the locking range
in the foot section of telescope section I.

Indicator lamp for telescoping cylinder in foot section II


e Flashes if the head of the telescoping cylinder moves into the locking
range in the foot section of telescope section II.
Lights up when the telescoping cylinder in the telescope section II foot
section is locked.
Goes out if the head of the telescoping cylinder leaves the locking
range in the foot section of telescope section II.

Indicator lamp for telescoping cylinder in foot section III


f Flashes if the head of the telescoping cylinder moves into the locking
range in the foot section of telescope section III.
Lights up when the telescoping cylinder in the telescope section III foot
section is locked. Goes out if the head of the telescoping cylinder leaves
the locking range in the foot section of telescope section III.

Indicator lamp for telescoping cylinder in foot section IV


g Flashes if the head of the telescoping cylinder moves into the locking
range in the foot section of telescope section IV.
Lights up when the telescoping cylinder in the telescope section IV foot
section is locked.
Goes out if the head of the telescoping cylinder leaves the locking
range in the foot section of telescope section IV.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Indicator lamp for telescoping cylinder in foot section V


Flashes when the head of the telescoping cylinder moves into the locking
range in the foot section of telescope section V.
Lights up when the telescoping cylinder in the telescope section V foot
section is locked.
Goes out when the head of the telescoping cylinder leaves the locking ran-
ge in the foot section of telescope section V.

Telescoping cylinder at locking point indicator lamps


9 These indicator lamps serve mainly as support during Retract emergency
8 operation and during the Emergency program submenu;

The indicator lamps show the direction in which the telescoping cylinder
must be moved in order to be at the locking point:
If only the upper indicator lamp lights up, you reach the correct position
9 for locking by retracting the telescoping cylinder.
The upper indicator lamp flashes when the telescoping cylinder is exten-
ded or retracted at the end of the permitted range. Movement of the
telescoping cylinder is switched off.

If only the lower indicator lamp lights up, you reach the correct position
8 for locking by extending the telescoping cylinder.

If both indicator lamps light up, the telescoping cylinder is directly at the
9 locking point.

8
Rocker switch to select lock/release
. To lock or release 2 telescope sections to/from each other or a telescoping
cylinder to/from a telescope section.

Select release telescoping cylinder: Press rocker switch down

Select unlock telescope section: Press rocker switch up

Select lock telescope section/


Rocker switch in central position
telescoping cylinder:

In the central position, the crane control system automatically selects the
necessary locking procedure depending on whether one is telescoping or
moving the telescoping cylinder without a telescope section.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The selection to release is only accepted by the crane control system if


both the telescope section and the telescoping cylinder are locked.
Warning lamp for telescoping cylinder is unlocked
i Shows the position of the locking pins of the telescoping cylinder.
Flashes as soon as release is selected if the locking pins are retracted and
the end position has not been reached.
Illuminates when the locking pins are have been retracted to the end
position during release.
Goes out when the locking pins are extended to the end position during
locking.

Indicator lamp for locked telescoping cylinder


h Shows the position of the locking pins of the telescoping cylinder.
Flashes when locking is selected and keeps flashing until the locking pins
are pushed out and the locking process is finished.
Illuminates when the locking pins are pushed out to the end position du-
ring locking and the locking process is finished.
Goes out when the locking pins are retracted to the end position during r-
elease.

Indicator lamp for telescope section locked (green)


j Shows the position of the locking pins of the telescope section in which
the head of the telescoping cylinder is located.
Flashes when locking is selected and keeps flashing until the telescope
section is on the pushed out locking pins.
Illuminates when the locking pins are pushed out of the telescope section
into the telescope section above and the telescope section is on the pins.
Goes out if the locking pins in the telescopic section are retracted.

Warning lamp for telescope section released (red)


j Shows the position of the locking pins of the telescope section in which
the head of the telescoping cylinder is located.
Flashes as soon as relaese ist selected if the locking pins are retracted and
the end position has not been reached.
Illuminates if the locking pins in the telescopic part are retracted.
Goes out when the locking pins are extended from the telescope section
into the telescope section above it.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Foot-operated switch for fast speed derricking gear / telescoping gear


Switching on fast speed mode: Push down foot-operated switch and
hold it down
Switching off fast speed mode: Release foot-operated switch

SLI early warning lamp


x The SLI early warning lamp will illuminate when the actual load reaches
90 % or more of the maximum permissible load. An intermittent buzzer
tone sounds at the same time; SLI early warning, p. 13-28.

Warning lamp for SLI shutdown


w Illuminates when the SLI switches off the load moment increasing crane
movements because approx. 100 % of the maximum permitted load has
been reached (overload) or an error has occured. A continuous buzzer
tone sounds at the same time; SLI shutdown, p. 13-28.

Safe load
indicator Operation of safe load indicator Chapter 13.2, p. 13-15

The elements in a display


1 4 Values
5 Signalling point
6 Decimal point;
in the Working position display:
Separator point between the SLI code
and supplement
7 8 Decimal points
TRAINING INSTITUTE

13.3.6 Telescoping gear

Structure of the Most procedures which you initiate for the operation of the telescoping
chapter gear are afterwards carried out by the crane control and monitored. In the
process you receive acknowledgements, you can follow the procedure
and, at the right time, initiate further procedures.
For this it is important that you are not only familiar with the operation,
display, and control instruments of the telescoping gear, but also its
functioning. Then you can comprehend the procedures which the crane
control carries out in the boom while you move the control lever; you will
become familiar with the status displays and crane control more quickly.
Therefore the chapter is organized in the following sections:

Description of functioning,
Main boom fixed lengths, intermediate lengths, telescoping lengths,
Telescope status,
Notes on telescope-sequence,
Function of the control lever,

Example of procedures when telescoping


(further sections are refered to in this section).

H The last section and the sections following it belong together and
describe the actual telescoping procedure. Before you proceed according
to this section for the first time, you must know the basic information
from the previous sections. Only in this manner is a safe operation of the
telescoping gear possible.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Description of The main boom consists of the non-telescoping section, five telescope
functioning sections and a single-level telescoping cylinder. The following diagram
shows the main boom in section with the telescoping cylinder.

In the diagram the main boom is completely retracted and the telescoping
cylinder is located in the foot section of telescope section I.

All telescope sections (I to V) are rigged on the outside with locking pins
(1) which are pushed out of the telescope sections with springs (9). If a
bore (2) of the telescope section above it aligns with the corresponding
locking pin, the spring pushes the locking pin in at that point and the
telescope section is locked. All telescope sections can be locked at three
different points (on the fixed lengths) in the corresponding bores (2).

Levers are fixed to the locking pins of all telescope sections of which the
brackets (6) reach inward into the foot sections of the telescope section.
The brackets reach in all telescope sections the same distance into the
foot sections.
The piston rod (7) of the telescoping cylinder is fastened to the main
boom basic section. If the telescoping cylinder is telescoped, its head runs
(8) through the foot sections of telescope sections (I to V). If the head (8)
is situated at a locking point (the head is situated at the locking point of
telescope section I), the mechanism (3) on the telescope cylinder snaps
into the bracket (6).

If the telescoping cylinder is located on the locking point, the bores (4)
also align on the inner sides of the telescope sections with the locking
pins (5) of the telescoping cylinder.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Telescoping cylinders and telescope sections can be locked and unlocked


at all locking points. In order to telescope, the telescoping cylinder must
be locked with the corresponding telescope section and the telescope
section must be unlocked.

To lock the telescoping cylinder, the locking


pins are (5) pushed into the bores (4) of the
telescope section by spring force.

In order to unlock the telescope section, a


hydraulic cylinder (2) is extended. The me-
chanism (3) transfers this movement to the
brackets (6) and retracts the locking pins (1)
against the spring force.

The telescope section is locked again after


telescoping, the procedure takes place in the
reversed sequence (as with unlocking).
When the telescoping cylinder is unlocked,
the locking pins are hydraulically retracted
against the spring force.

H The locking pin of the telescoping cylinder and the mechanism are moved
hydraulically. The necessary pressure for this is comes from a reservoir
which must be first be filled. Because of this, retardations of 2 to

H
3 seconds may occur.

A hydraulic/mechanical switch and the crane control prevent a telescope


section and the telescoping cylinder from being unlocked simultaneously.
A telescope section can be unlocked only when the telescoping cylinder is
locked and vice versa.

Main boom Main boom fixed length


fixed length,
All telescoping statuses where all telescope sections are locked are usual-
intermediate
ly called main boom fixed lengths. Higher load bearing capacities are per-
length,
mitted only when all telescope sections are locked.
telescoping
In the case of the GMK 5180, only those telescoping status with the
length
highest lifting capacities are permitted as main boom fixed lengths
because of the large number of possible locked telescoping statuses for
the same boom length.
There are thus a total of 32 main boom fixed lengths ( Lifting capacity
table). The lifting capacity values for the fixed lengths of the main boom
are automatically monitored by the SLI.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Main boom intermediate length


All telescoping statuses where all telescope sections are unlocked are
usually called main boom intermediate lengths.
In an unlocked telescoping status the whole load affects the telescoping
cylinder. This means that the permitted lifting capacitues are sometimes
considerably less than with main boom fixed lengths.
In the case of the GMK 5180, all locked telescoping statuses which do not
have the highest load bearing capacity with their main boom length are
also treated as main boom intermediate lengths. No higher loads are
therefore permitted for these locked telescoping statuses.

The lifting capacity values for the intermediate lengths of the main boom
are automatically monitored by the SLI.
Telescope the main boom to the required length before lifting the load!
With the lifting capacities which are given in the lifting capacity table for
main boom intermediate lengths, telescoping with a load is not possible!

Main boom telescoping length


There is a main boom telescoping length when the main boom is at a
main boom intermediate length and is also telescoped with a load.
The lifting capacity values for the telescoping length of the main boom
are in the same range as the lifting capacity values for the main boom in-
termediate lengths which are monitored by the SLI.
The SLI does not, however, monitor the capability of a load to be
telescoped.
The telescopic load is restricted by:
the angle of the boom and
the lubrication of the sliding wear pad between the telescope sections.

S
The main boom should only be telescoped with a load if the job cannot
be done otherwise.

Telescope status The position of the telescope sections, i.e. which telescope section has
been telescoped how far, is called the telescope status.

The current telescope status is displayed:


on the SLI and
on the Crane control display.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

This section deals with the status display of the telescope status on the
SLI, the status display of the telescope status on the Crane control display is
described starting at the section Example of procedures when telescoping.

If a telescope section is retracted or extended, both the length of the main


boom and the length of the respective telescope section change on the
display.

The main boom fixed length is displayed in decimals (e. g. 0.5) and the
main boom intermediate length and main boom telescoping length are

H
displayed as two-digit percent values (e. g. 47).

Intermediate lengths and telescoping lengths at 100% are indicated by the


flashing display 1.0.

Example: Telescope status display for main boom fixed lengths

!0 =5 =5 =5 =5
Telescope section I 100 % extended (fixed length)

Telescope section II 50 % extended (fixed length)

Telescope section III 50 % extended (fixed length)

Telescope section IV 50 % extended (fixed length)

Telescope section V 50 % extended (fixed length)

The following percent values represent main boom fixed lengths:

Telescope section I 0 / 50 / 100 [%]

Telescope section II 0 / 50 / 100 [%]

Telescope section III 0 / 50 / 100 [%]

Telescope section IV 0 / 50 / 100 [%]

H
Telescope section V 0 / 50 / 100 [%]

Not all locked telescope statuses are permitted as main boom fixed
lengths;
The fixed lengths can be found in the Lifting capacity table.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The decimal display (e.g. 1.00) follows only if all telescope sections are
telescoped to a fixed length. As soon as one or more telescope sections
are telescoped to a different length, all lengths count as main boom inter-
mediate lengths or main boom telescoping lengths.

The status display changes accordingly, as the following example demon-


strates.

Example: Telescope status display for main boom intermediate lengths


and main boom telescoping lengths.

67 50 50 50 50
Telescope section I 100 % extended (intermediate length)

Telescope section II 50 % extended (fixed length)

Telescope section III 50 % extended (fixed length)

Telescope section IV 50 % extended (fixed length)

Telescope section V 50 % extended (fixed length)

The following percentage values represent main boom intermediate


lengths and main boom telescoping lengths:

Telescope section I 0 - 100

Telescope section II 0 - 100

Telescope section III 0 - 100

Telescope section IV 0 - 100

H
Telescope section V 0 - 100

There can only ever be one telescope section at an intermediate length


(because only one telescope section can be unlocked).

H
The useful intermediate lengths can be found in the Lifting capacity table.

The maximum permissible lifting capacity also changes constantly in the


Maximum load status display.
Whenever the extending of a telescope section would lead to a telescope
status which is not permissible according to the Lifting capacity table, the
SLI switches this extending off as soon as the telescope section moves.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Notes on The telescope sections can only be telescoped individually one after the
telescope- other.
sequence
When extending you must always extend the telescope section with the
highest numbering first, then the telescope section with the second
highest numbering, etc. (e. g. V, IV, III, II, I).
Retracting always takes place in the reversed sequence as extending.

Check before tele- The crane control calculates the displayed telescope status from the cur-
scoping for the rent status of the telescoping gear and the locking and unlocking
first time processes which have occurred and been saved.

Normally, the crane control recognises differences between current and


displayed telescope statuses and displays a corresponding error messa-
ge;

If the values are deleted because of an accident (e.g. lightning strike), the
crane control can no longer calculate the current telescoping status and
an error message occurs.

S
Risk of damaging the telescoping gear!
After switching on the ignition before the first telescoping, always check
that the current telescope status is displayed in the crane control display.
After an accident, if the crane control is unable to correctly calculate the
current telescope status and no error message occurs, telescoping can
cause damage to the telescoping gear.

After switching on the ignition, always check before the first telescoping
that the telescope status displayed in the crane control display matches
the current telecope status.
If the current telescope status is not correctly displayed, enter the current
telescope status;
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Function of the This section only describes the functioning of the control lever and has
control lever general notes for telescoping. Before you telescope, you must fulfill cer-
tain requirements. Read the section Example of procedures when telescoping
for this;

The SLI deactivates telescoping extension depending on the size of the


load and length of the main boom (angle between the main boom and the
horizontal position). Ensure that the boom has been sufficiently raised
before the main boom telescoping is extended.

Switch on the telescoping gear.


Push the Auxiliary hoist shutdown rocker switch upward.

Switch the right hand control lever to the telescopic function.


_ To do this press the Preselection of derricking control lever function /
telescoping/derrick lattice extension rocker switch up.
The indicator lamp Telescoping gear switched on illuminates.
T

G
Risk of accidents from unexpected crane movement!
Make sure that the indicator lamp Telescoping gear switched on illuminates
before you move the control lever for telescoping.
This prevents accidents from the unexpected derricking of the main
boom and lattice extension.

Extend: Push the right-hand control lever to the right.

Retract: Push the right-hand control lever to the left.

H With certain telescoping states the SLI also shuts down the retraction of
the telescoping for safety reasons. In this case leave the shutdown area
by raising the boom or, if this is not possible, set the load down, tele-
scope to the next fixed length and lift the load again.

You may regulate the telescoping speed by moving the control lever and
changing the engine speed using the accelerator.

You can set the maximum speed of the telescoping gear for working with
@ the main boom and lattice extension on the Crane control display;
TRAINING INSTITUTE

In addition you can set a higher speed when extending by using the foot-
operated switch Fast speed derricking gear/telescoping gear (arrow).

You may set a constant engine speed using the rocker switch Constant
engine speed.

The telescoping gear can be switched off by rocker switch (Telescoping gear
shutdown) to prevent it from being operated accidentally.

H
To do this, press the rocker switch downward.

The distance between the hook block and the boom head also changes
during telescoping. Reel off the hoist rope when retracting and reel it on
when extending the telescoping.

S
Be careful not to damage the hoist rope!
Slack rope will occur if the hook block is allowed to touch the ground
while the boom is being retracted. This causes rope loops to form on the
hoist drum which can lead to load slipping and damage to the hoist rope.

H The telescoping movement is shut off if the hook block reaches the lifting
limit switch during extension of the main boom telescoping.

You can display the operating hours and possibly the blocked functions of
> the telescoping gear on the crane control display with the membrane
switch Display status;
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Example of The procedures for telescoping with semi-automatic control are described
procedures when in the following sections.
telescoping You can also telescope to fixed lengths with the fully automatic control;
in the course of this the crane control regulates the procedures described
here automatically;
This section shows you the sequence of an entire telescoping procedure

H
for a better overview at the outset.

This section and the sections refered to here presuppose that you are
familiar with the functioning of the telescope system;

The entire example cannot apply to all telescoping procedures, since the
start and end position of the telescoping gear is different for every proce-
dure. Nevertheless a part of the sequence of the telescoping procedure
described here applies to all telescoping procedures.

Read the sequence for this example and follow the cross-references in the
sections with the descriptions of what to do. These sections always take
up the following example at the end. You thus get an overview of all
necessary steps and can implement these for your special telescoping
procedure.

The following start and end states apply to this example:


All telescopic sections are retracted and locked.
The telescoping cylinder is locked to telescope section IV.
The telescope sections II and III should be extended to 50 %.
Telescope section I should be extended to an intermediate length
of 37 %.

Sequence of the exemplary telescoping procedure


1. Check the telescope status, the position of the telescoping cylinder
and the locking pin;

2. Unlock telescoping cylinder;


TRAINING INSTITUTE

3. Move telescoping cylinder into the telescope section, the telescope


section which needs to be telescoped and lock it there (in our example
telescope section III);

4. Unlock telescope section for telescoping;

5. Telescope telescope section to fixed length and lock;

6. To telescope other telescope sections (in our example telescope sec-


tion II would be the next one) repeat Points 2 to 5 until all required
telescope sections have been telescoped to the required length.

7. If necessary, extend the last telescope section (in our example tele-
scope section I) to the necessary intermediate length;

Check initial Before you telescope the main boom, you must check the following states:
position
the current telescope status
(how far the telescope sections are telescoped),
the position of the telescoping cylinder
(in which foot section the telescoping cylinder is located),
the position of the locking pins
(whether telescope sections and cylinders are locked or unlocked).
Various displays on the front instrument panel define the current status of
the main boom.
Boom section locking Telescope cylinder
pin cartridge assembly guide rails

Boom section
pin yoke

Butterfly lever engaged in


pin yoke with pin in fully
retracted position

Hydraulic
Slave cylinder

Telescope cylinder guide


rail support pads

Boom section
locking pins

Butterfly lever

Telescope cylinder
locking pin engages
in boom section

Telescope cylinder rod


anchors to base section
Two boom section engagement
sockets are in each telescoping
boom section, allowing the
telescope cylinder to lock to each
individual boom section with the
cylinder locking pins

With all boom section pins locked,


the butterfly levers can pass freely
through all the boom pin yokes.
This allows the telescope cylinder
to extend or retract to select the
required boom sections for the
final configuration

Butterfly lever
engaged in boom
section-pin yoke

The telescope cylinder must


be locked to a boom section
before the slave cylinder is
allowed to operate
View (A) View (B)
Butterfly lever engaged Boom pin retracted by
in pin yoke with action of butterfly lever
retracted slave cylinder & extended slave cylinder

Safety lip

Manual Hydraulic slave


release bolt cylinder

Butterfly lever
engaged in pin
Boom section yoke
locking pin

Telescope
cylinder In-position
locking pin proximity switch
Base

Tele 1

Tele 2

Tele 3

Tele 4

Tele 5

Detail of pin yoke


The telescope
cylinder butterfly
levers can pass freely
Cylinder Slave Piston through all boom
Barrel cylinder Rod section-pin yokes to
pick up the boom
section selected by
the operator.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Check current telescope status


Switch on the menu Display telescoping and teleautomatism. Press the
Display telescope status and teleautomatism membrane switch.
The entry TELESCOPE STATUS is in the first line of the menu, and the
entry SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL in the third line. These two entries do
not change.
The current telescope status for telescope sections I to V is indicated in
percentages in the second line from left to right.

As long as all telescope sections are locked,


the numerical values are separated by a dash,
and below, next to the entry TELE, there are
also two dashes.
TELESCOPE STATUS
The current extended length of the telescop-
0 0 0 0 0 ing cylinder is indicated to the right in me-
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL tres. e.g., L: 3.75 ft).
TELE: L: 1,10 m

If a telescope section is unlocked (e.g., Tele-


scope section III), the respective numerical
value is in brackets in the second line.
Below, next to the entry TELE, the unlocked
TELESCOPE STATUS
telescope section is displayed (T1 to T5 for
0 0 > 0 < 0 0 telescope sections I to V).
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL To the right is the current telescope status as
a percentage (e.g., 0%).
TELE: T3 L: 0%

Special case:
If telescope section V is unlocked, only the left-hand bracket) is displayed,
due to lack of space.

In our example, the display would indicate the start position as it appears in the
first illustration. The main boom is completely retracted; therefore the display
shows 0 (%) for all telescope sections.
At the bottom left there are two dashes, and the current extended length of the
telescoping cylinder is L: approx. 3.6 feet, since the head of the telescoping
cylinder is extended into the foot section of telescope section IV.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Checking the position of the telescoping cylinder


The current telescope status is now known; the next thing you should do
is check in which telescope section the head of the telescoping cylinder is
located.

One of the display lamps Telescoping cylinder in foot section I, II, III, IV or V
Vefg displays the position of the telescoping cylinder.
The corresponding display lamp illuminates when the head of the tele-
y scoping cylinder is at the locking point in the foot section of the respective

H
telescope section.

Definition: When the statement The telescoping cylinder is in foot


section II appears in the following chapters, this means that the head
of the telescoping cylinder is in the foot section.

In our example Initial position is defined as the following: The telescoping


g cylinder in telescope section IV is locked, thus the head of the telescoping
cylinder is there. The display lamp Telescoping cylinder in foot section IV would
illuminate accordingly.

Checking the position of the locking pins


If you know in which telescope section the telescoping cylinder is located,
check the positions of the locking pins as the last initial position.

Both indicator lamps Telescope section unlocked and Telescope section locked
jj display the position of the locking pins in the telescope section in which
the telescoping cylinder is located.

The red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked illuminates when the tele-
j scope section is not locked to the telescope section above it.

The green indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked illuminates when the
j telescope section is locked to the telescope section above it.

Both indicator lamps Telescoping cylinder unlocked and Telescoping cylinder


ih locked display the position of the locking pins on the telescoping cylinder.

The red indicator lamp lights up when the telescoping cylinder is not
i locked.

The green indicator lamp illuminates when telescope cylinder is locked to


h the telescope section in which it is located.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

In our example the green indicator lamp telescope section locked would illumi-
jh nate and thus display that telescope section IV is locked to telescope section III
(it was presupposed that all telescope sections are locked to one another).
The green indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked would in addition illumi-
nate (it was presupposed that the telescoping cylinder is locked to IV).
Present state: telescoping cylinder is locked in foot section IV
The next objective: Unlock telescoping cylinder

Unlocking tele- Before you can move the telescoping cylinder from one telescope section
scoping cylinder into another telescope section, you must unlock the telescoping cylinder.
The locking pins on the telescoping cylinder retract when unlocking.
Prerequisites for the unlocking of the telescoping cylinder:
The telescope section is locked; the green indicator lamp Telescope
j section locked illuminates.
The telescoping cylinder is locked to the telescope section; the green
h
H
indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked illuminates.

If these prerequisites are not fulfilled, the unlocking procedure is on the


one hand blocked by a hydraulic/mechanical switch for safety reasons
and is on the other hand not released by the crane control.

Unlocking telescoping cylinder


Select the unlocking of the telescoping cylinder; to do this, press the
. rocker switch Select locking/unlocking downward.

Now the red indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked flashes; the crane
i control thus confirms the selection.

Check if the indicator lamp Telescoping gear switched on is on.


T Move the right control lever toward retract or extend to unlock.
As soon as the locking pins move, the green indicator lamp Telescoping
h cylinder locked flashes in addition.

As soon as the locking pins are completely retracted, the red indicator
i lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked illuminates.
The green indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked goes out.

If you continue to move the right control lever after the Telescoping cylin-
der unlocked warning lamp lights up, the telescoping cylinder moves in the
corresponding direction immediately.
H
TRAINING INSTITUTE

If the locking process is not finished after about 10 seconds (warning


lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked is not on), you can not retract the locking
pins because they are under load.
With the Telescoping cylinder at locking point indicator lamps you can see if
you need to retract or extend the telescoping cylinder to relieve the load.
If only the bottom indicator lamp lights up, you must extend the telesco-
8 ping cylinder.

8 If both indicator lamps or only the top indicator lamp light up, you must
retract the telescoping cylinder.
9

S
Risk of damaging the boom system!
If extending and retracting the telescoping cylinder several times does
not cause unlocking, you must not move the telescoping cylinder any
further against the stop.

If extending and retracting several times does not unlock the telescoping
cylinder:
Lock the telescoping cylinder by pressing the Select locking/unlocking
rocker switch up and moving the control lever.
Start the locking process again by pressing the Select locking/unlocking
rocker switch down and moving the control lever.

The process of unlocking applies to all telescoping procedures; thus the red
i indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked would also now illuminate in our
example. The display would display the length L = 3.6 ft.
Current end state: - telescoping cylinder is locked in telescope section IV
- The next target: - Moving telescoping cylinder in foot section III -
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Extending/ In order to telescope a telescope section you must first move the tele-
retracting tele- scoping cylinder into the foot section of the corresponding telescope
scoping cylinder section and lock it there.
and locking
You can select the locking before the telescoping cylinder has reached the
corresponding foot section. The crane control then locks the telescoping
cylinder in the first foot section which is reached when extending/
retracting.
That is why the exact time of the selection depends on whether the tele-
scoping cylinder:
is to be moved and locked with an extended main boom
or is to be moved and locked with a fully retracted main boom.

Before you telescope the telescoping cylinder with the selection, the
following prerequisites must be fulfilled:

The telescope section in which the telescoping cylinder is located is


j locked, the green indicator lamp Telescope section locked illuminates.
The lock between the telescoping cylinder and telescope section has
i been released, the red indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked illumi-
nates.

Moving and locking the telescoping cylinder with the main boom extended

This case applies when you move the telescoping cylinder back after
extending or retracting in order to telescope the next possible section.

Before you extend or retract the telescoping cylinder, the prerequisites at


the beginning of this chapter must be fulfilled.

Check if the indicator lamp Telescoping gear switched on is on.


T Move the telescoping cylinder; to do this, move the control lever in the
corresponding direction.
If the telescoping cylinder is moved without the telescope section, the

H
crane control always switches automatically to fast speed.

The following actions run parallel; you do not need to interrupt the
extending/retracting of the telescoping cylinder.

The telescope section begins to extend and the corresponding display


g lamp (e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section IV) flashes for the time being.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

As soon as this display lamp goes out, you can select the locking of the
telescoping cylinder.

Switch the rocker switch Select locking/unlocking to the central position.


. The green indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked flashes; the crane
h control thus confirms the selection.

While you are moving the telescoping


cylinder, the lower right status display for
the current extended length of the teles-
coping cylinder continuously changes
TELESCOPE STATUS (e.g. L: 25.1 ft).
0 0 0 0 0 In this way you can directly follow the
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL extending/retracting on the status display.

TELE: L: 7.63 m

When the telescoping cylinder retracts into a foot section, the corres-
f ponding display lamp flashes (in the example Telescope cylinder in foot
section III).

The crane control now reduces the telescoping speed specified by the
control lever and initiates the locking process owing to the selection made:

1. Once the locking point has been reached, the corresponding display
f lamp (e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section III) lights up.

2. The locking pins are extended, and the red indicator lamp Telescoping
i cylinder unlocked flashes as long as the locking pins are moving.

3. As soon as the telescoping cylinder is locked, the green indicator lamp


h Telescoping cylinder locked lights up.
The red warning lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked goes out.

Bring the telescoping process to an end, and move the control lever to
the central position.
The retracting/extending of the telescoping cylinder with the main boom
extended has thus been finished.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Moving and locking the telescoping cylinder with the main boom fully

H
retracted

As long as the unlocked telescoping cylinder is situated in a foot section,


the crane control reduces telescoping speed specified by the control lever.

Check if the indicator lamp Telescoping gear switched on is on.


T Move the telescoping cylinder; to do this, move the control lever in the

H
corresponding direction.

The following actions run parallel; you do not need to interrupt the
extending/retracting of the telescoping cylinder.

As long as the telescoping cylinder is situated in a foot section, the corre-


g sponding display lamp (e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section IV) flashes.
If the telescoping cylinder leaves this foot section, the display lamp goes
out and the display lamp of the next foot section flashes simultaneously
(e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section III).

If the display lamp of the foot section in which you would like to lock the
f telescoping cylinder (e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section III) is flashing,
you must select the locking within 3 seconds.

Switch the rocker switch Select locking/unlocking to the central position to


.
H
do this.

Once you have waited longer than 3 seconds before you select the
locking, the telescoping cylinder has moved past the locking point. In this
case stop the extending/retracting (move control lever into the central po-
sition) and move the telescoping cylinder in the opposite direction until
the display lamp of the corresponding telescope section flashes again.
Now select the locking within 3 seconds.

The green indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked flashes; the crane
h control thus confirms the selection and initiates the locking process:

1. Once the telescoping cylinder has reached the locking point, the corre-
f sponding display lamp (e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section III) lights up.

2. The locking pins are extended, and the red indicator lamp Telescoping
i cylinder unlocked flashes as long as the locking pins are moving.

3. As soon as the telescoping cylinder is locked, the green indicator lamp


h Telescoping cylinder locked lights up.
The red indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked goes out.

Bring the telescoping process to an end, and move the control lever to
the central position.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The retracting/extending of the telescoping cylinder with the main boom


fully retracted has thus been finished.

The section Moving and locking telescoping cylinder with completely retracted
main boom applies for our example. All telescope sections are fully retracted,
thus the telescoping cylinder is situated in adjacent foot sections.
The telescope cylinder should be moved from foot section IV directly to foot
section III.
The display lamps in this section conform to actuality in our example. You can
accept this section as an example.
New end state: Telescoping cylinder is locked in foot section III
The next objective: Unlock telescope section III

Unlock Before you can telescope a telescopic section, you have to unlock it. You
telescope section can only unlock the telescope section in which the telescoping cylinder is
situated. The locking pins of this telescope section are retracted by the
mechanism on the telescoping cylinder when unlocking.

Prerequisites for the unlocking of the telescope section:


The telescoping cylinder is locked to the telescope section; the green
h indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked illuminates.
The telescope section is locked; the green indicator lamp Telescope
j
H
section locked illuminates.

If these prerequisites are not fulfilled, the unlocking procedure is on the


one hand blocked by a hydraulic/mechanical switch for safety reasons
and is on the other hand not released by the crane control.

Unlocking telescope section


Select the unlocking of the telescopic section; to do this, press the
. rocker switch Select locking/unlocking upward.

Now the red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked flashes; the crane
j control thus confirms the selection.

As soon as the locking pins move, the green indicator lamp Telescope
j section locked flashes in addition.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

When the locking pins are retracted, the red indicator lamp Telescope
j section unlocked lights up.
The green indicator lamp Telescope section locked goes out.

As soon as the telescope section is unlocked,


the status display on the Crane control display
changes; the numerical value for the unlok-
ked telescope section is now in brackets.
TELESCOPE STATUS
The unlocked telescope section (e.g. T3) is
0 0 > 0 < 0 0 displayed at the lower left.
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL To the right, its current telescope status in
percent (e.g. L: 0 %).
TELE: T3 L: 0 %

H
Now the telescope section is unlocked and can be telescoped.

If the locking process is not finished after about 10 seconds (warning


lamp Telescoping cylinder unlocked is not on), you can not retract the locking
pins because they are under load.
Relieve the locking pins by slowly retracting or extending the main boom
until the green indicator lamp Telescope section locked also flashes.

S
Risk of damaging the boom system!
If extending and retracting several times does not cause unlocking, you
must not move the telescoping cylinder any further against the stop.

If extending and retracting several times does not unlock the telescoping
cylinder:
Lock the telescope section by pressing the Select locking/unlocking rocker
switch up and moving the control lever.
Start the locking process again by pressing the Select locking/unlocking
rocker switch down and moving the control lever.
The process of unlocking applies to all telescoping procedures; thus the red indi-
j cator lamp Telescope section unlocked would also now illuminate in our example.
Telescope section III is unlocked; the numerical value for telescope section III
would correspondingly appear on the display in brackets.
The unlocked telescope section III would be displayed as T3 in the lower line
and the current telescoping of 0 % next to it.
Present end state: Telescope section III unlocked
The next objective: Extend telescope section III to 100 %
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Telescoping tele-
scope section to

H
fixed length and
lock

Read the sections concerning the fixed, intermediate, and telescoping


lengths, the telescoping sequence and the functioning of the control lever
at the beginning of this chapter and observe the notes for telescoping;

If you extend several telescope sections or want to work on a fixed length,


you must extend the telescope section to a fixed length and lock it there.
You can select the locking before the telescope section has reached the
fixed length. The crane control then locks the telescope section at the first
fixed length which is reached. Since every telescope section has three
fixed lengths, the point in time of the selection depends on whether the
telescope section:

is to be locked at the fixed length reached first


or is to be locked at the fixed length after the next.
Before you telescope the telescope section with the selection, the fol-
lowing prerequisites must be fulfilled:

The telescoping cylinder is situated in the foot section of the telescope


f section which is to be telescoped. The corresponding display lamp
(e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section III) illuminates.
The telescoping cylinder is locked to the telescope section which is to
h be telescoped; the green indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked illumi-
nates.
The telescope section in which the telescoping cylinder is located is
j unlocked, the red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked illuminates.

Locking the telescope section at the first fixed length reached


This case applies if you for example extend a fully retracted telescope
section to the middle fixed length and want to lock it there.

Before you telescope a telescope section, the prerequisites at the


beginning of this chapter must be fulfilled.

Check if the indicator lamp Telescoping gear switched on is on.


T Move the telescoping cylinder; to do this, move the control lever in the
corresponding direction.
H
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The following actions for telescoping run parallel; you do not need to
interrupt the telescoping.

While you are telescoping the telescopic


section, the numerical value in brackets and
the value at the lower right on the display
continuously change.
TELESCOPE STATUS
0 0 > 20 < 0 0
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL In this way you can directly follow the tele-
scope status of the telescope section
TELE: T3 L: 20,3%
(e.g. T3) on the status display.

If the initial position was an intermediate length before telescoping, you


can immediately select the locking of the telescope section.

If the initial position was a fixed length before telescoping, you must wait
until the percent value for the telescope status has risen by 2 % before
selecting.

Switch the rocker switch Select locking/unlocking to the central position.


. The green indicator lamp Telescope section locked flashes; the crane control
j thus confirms the selection.

When the telescoping cylinder reaches the next fixed length, the crane
control reduces the telescoping speed specified by the control lever and
initiates the locking process owing to the selection made:

1. Shortly before reaching the locking point, the locking pins are pushed
j out and the red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked also flashes.

2. The locking pins are pushed out at the locking point and the telescopic
j section is set down on the locking pin.
The green indicator lamp Telescope section locked first switches from flash-
ing to illuminating when this process has been completed.
The red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked goes out.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

S
Be careful not to damage the telescoping cylinder!
Move the control lever until the green indicator lamp Telescope section lok-
ked is no longer flashing and is on. If necessary, move the telescope secti-
on from side to side somewhat until the indicator lamp illuminates.
Only then is the locking process completed and the telescope section is
joined in a power dozing manner with the telescope section above it.
In this way you prevent the load from affecting the telescoping cylinder
when the crane is in operation and enable the release of a load for fixed
lengths.

Bring the telescoping process to an end, and move the control lever to
the central position.
As soon as the telescope section is locked,
the numerical value for the telescope section
is no longer in brackets.
Both dashes are displayed again on the left
TELESCOPE STATUS
side of the lower line.
0 0 50 0 0 The display to the lower right again changes
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL to the current extended length of the tele-
scoping cylinder (in the example L: 5.33 m).
TELE: L: 5.33 m

Locking the telescope section at the next fixed length


This case applies when you want to telescope a telescope section from
e.g. 0 % to 100 % or vice versa.
Before you telescope a telescope section, the prerequisites at the
beginning of this chapter must be fulfilled.
Check if the Telescoping gear switched on indicator lamp is on and tele-

H
T scope the telescope section.

The following actions for telescoping run parallel; you do not need to
interrupt the telescoping.

While you are telescoping the telescopic


section (e.g. telescope section III), the nume-
rical value in brackets and the value at the
lower right on the display continuously
TELESCOPE STATUS
change.
0 0 > 55 < 0 0
Follow the telescoping process on the
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL status display (e.g. L: 55 %).
TELE: T3 L: 55,3%
Wait until the first fixed length for this tele-
scope section is exceeded (e.g. up to 55 %,
the first fixed length for T3 is at 50 %).
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Now you can select the locking.

Switch the rocker switch Select locking/unlocking to the central position.


. The green indicator lamp Telescope section locked flashes; the crane control
j thus confirms the selection.

When the telescoping cylinder reaches the next fixed length, the crane
control reduces the telescoping speed specified by the control lever and
initiates the locking process owing to the selection made:

1. Shortly before reaching the locking point, the locking pins are pushed
j out and the red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked also flashes.

2. The locking pins are pushed out at the locking point and the telescopic
j section is set down on the locking pin.
The green indicator lamp Telescope section locked first switches from flash-
ing to illuminating when this process has been completed.
The red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked goes out.

S
Be careful not to damage the telescoping cylinder!
Move the control lever until the green indicator lamp Telescope section
locked does not flash any more. If necessary, move the telescope section
from side to side somewhat until the indicator lamp illuminates.
Only then is the locking process completed and the telescope section is
joined in a power dozing manner with the telescope section above it.
In this way you prevent the load from affecting the telescoping cylinder
when the crane is in operation and enable the release of a load for fixed
lengths.

Bring the telescoping process to an end, and move the control lever to
the central position.
As soon as the telescope section is locked,
the numerical value for the telescope section
is no longer in brackets.
TELESCOPE STATUS Both dashes are displayed again on the left
side of the lower line.
0 0 100 0 0
The display to the lower right again changes
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL to the current extended length of the tele-
TELE: L: 32.7 ft scoping cylinder (e.g. L: 32.7 ft).
TRAINING INSTITUTE

In our example, the section Locking the telescope section at the fixed length
reached first applies. Telescope section III should be extended to 50 %, so you
can select locking as soon as the telescope section has been telescoped approx. 2
% from initial state.

The values in this section are suited to the example. You can accept this section
directly as an example.
Present end state: Telescope section III extended to 50 %
New objective: Extend telescope section II
In order to reach the end position of the example from page 13-58, you would
have to now extend telescope section II first. You would have to repeat the secti-
ons which are refered to in items 2 to 5 of the example on page 13-58. The steps
are the same as with extending telescope section III. The initial and end positions
would simply have to be changed for telescope section II and the status displays
would change accordingly. This is the case for every other telescoping process.

You can also telescope a telescope section without selecting the lock,
as described in the next section.

Telescoping tele- Before you telescope a telescope section to an intermediate length,


scope section to the following prerequisites must be fulfilled:
intermediate
length
The telescoping cylinder is situated in the foot section of the telescope
V section which is to be telescoped. The corresponding display lamp
(e.g. Telescoping cylinder in foot section I) illuminates;

The telescope section in which the telescoping cylinder is located is


j unlocked, the red indicator lamp Telescope section unlocked illuminates;

The telescoping cylinder is locked to the telescope section; the green


h indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked illuminates.
Check if the Telescoping gear switched on indicator lamp is on and tele-
T scope the telescope section.
While you are telescoping the telescope
section, the status display on the Crane
control display changes for the current tele-
scope status (e.g. for telescope section I).
TELESCOPE STATUS
> 37 < 50 50 0 0 Extend the telescope section until the status
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL display shows the desired intermediate
length in percent (e.g. L. 37 %).
TELE: T1 L: 37%
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The telescope status given in our example is therefore reached. The main boom
is now at the intermediate length (37 / 50 / 50 / 0 / 0) and you can lift according
to the corresponding capacity chart.

To reach on-the-road mode you must proceed in the reverse order, locking tele-
scope sections I, II and III one after the other and then the telescoping cylinder
in telescope section I.

Locking telescope section


If you retract the main boom fully without having selected the locking du-
ring the last telescoped telescope section, you must lock this telescope
section before on-road driving.

Switch the rocker switch Select locking/unlocking to the central position.


. The green indicator lamp Telescope section locked flashes; the crane control
j thus confirms the selection.

As soon as the locking pins move, the red indicator lamp Telescope section
j unlocked flashes.

When the locking pins have reached the end point, the green indicator
j lamp Telescope section locked illuminates.
The red warning lamp Telescope section unlocked goes out.

When all telescope sections are locked, the


two dashes are displayed on the bottom left.

The display to the lower right again changes


TELESCOPE STATUS
to the current extended length of the telesco-
37 50 50 0 0 ping cylinder (e.g. 3.2 ft when the telesco-
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL ping cylinder is in the foot section of
telescope section IV).
TELE: L: 1,10 m

H If you have retracted the main boom for on-road driving, you must now
lock the telescoping cylinder in telescope section I so that the axle loads
are in accordance with the values in the Driving mode table.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Telescoping with To telescope to fixed lengths you can also use the fully automatic control
fully automatic (teleautomatic control). To do this enter the desired telescope status in
control a submenu on the display crane control system and then steer the control
lever out in the direction in which the telescoping should go. The locking
and unlocking processes are carried out automatically by the crane con-

H
trol system.

Before you use the fully automatic telescoping, you must have read the
entire telescoping gear section so that you can comprehend the locking
and unlocking processes that the crane control carriers out. With the fully
automatic control you can telescope the individual telescope sections
only to the 0 %, 50 % and 100 % lengths.
If you want to telescope one of the telescope sections to another length
(e.g. 70 %), you can telescope with the fully automatic control at first to
the next locking point (e.g. 50 %) and then telescope the last telescope sec-
tion further with the semi-automatic control (e.g. to 70 %).

You can only activate the submenu for entering the desired telescope
status if
the Crane control display is in the Display telescope status and teleautomatism
menu and
the telescoping gear is activated.
You can start the sub-menu independent of the current telescope status.

Switch on the menu Display telescope status on the display if necessary.


Switch the rocker switch Select locking/unlocking to the central position.
. If necessary switch on the telescoping gear. The Telescoping gear switched
T on indicator lamp must light up.
Press the membrane switch Display telescope status and teleautomatic.
Now the sub-menu for the entry of the desired telescope status appears
on the Crane control display.

The entry SET TELEAUTOMATIC is in the


first line.
Telescope sections T1 to T5 are in the
second line, and in the line below this, the
SET TELEAUTOMATIC
numerical value 0 is displayed for every tele-
> T1 < T2 T3 T4 T5 scope section.
0 0 0 In addition, the entry request () flashes on
the numerical value for T1.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

You can enter the desired telescope status for every telescope section
with the membrane switches Entry and view, located to the right, next to
the display.

You can only enter the value on which the entry request flashes anew.

Press one of these two membrane switches as many times as necessary


+ until the entry request flashes on the numerical value which you would
like to enter.
*
You can select a higher or lower fixed length with these two membrane
: switches. The following values are available:
For T1 : 0 50 100
< For T2 : 0
For T3 : 0
50 100
50 100
For T4 : 0 50 100
For T5 : 0 50 100
Press this membrane switch in order to switch off the menu.
The display switches to the Display telescope status and teleautomatism menu.
Once you have entered the desired value, you have to start the teleauto-

H
matic. Press this membrane switch to do this.

If the four green light diodes above the first line flash three times after the
teleautomatic has been started, you have entered a telescoping which is
not permissible according to the Lifting capacity table. Furthermore, the
display shows the submenu for entering and you can enter a new per-
missible telescoping.

If you have entered a permissible telescope status, the teleautomatic is


started and the display changes to sub-menu Teleautomatic.

The menu shows the entry TELESCOPING in


the first line.
The current telescope status is displayed in
the second line.
TELESCOPING
The third line shows the telescope status
100 0 0 0 0 which you entered before. This telescope
60 100 100 100 100 status now sets the crane control as the
objective.
TELE: L: 30.5 ft
The last line of the display is exactly as in
the Display telescope status and teleautomatism
menu.

The crane control now calculates the necessary telescoping sequence.


In order to start the telescoping, you must move the control lever in the
corresponding direction and hold it fast:
TRAINING INSTITUTE

If you want to extend first, move the right control lever to the right.
If you want to retract first, move the right control lever to the left.
The crane control telescopes fully automatically only until a change of
direction is necessary; then the telescoping is interrupted and you must

H
move the control lever in a different direction.

The other extension of the control lever for changing the direction is only
necessary for extending a telescopic part. The telescoping cylinder moves
automatically in both directions between the telescopic parts when chang-
ing, irrespective of the direction steered by the control lever.
You can regulate the speed for telescoping just as for the semi-automatic
control. The telescoping cylinder without telescope section always moves
automatically in fast speed.
You can leave the menu at any time by pressing the rocker switch Select
. locking/unlocking either upward or downward.

You can change from the menu Display telescope status and teleautomatism
back to the submenu for entering the desired telescope status at any time.
To do this press the membrane switch Display telescope status and teleautoma-

H
tism once.

You can also change to the submenu for entering the telescope status and
enter a new telescope status whilst the crane control carries out the fully-
automatic telescoping when, e.g. you have entered an incorrect telescope
profile.

Example of telescoping with teleautomatic

Assuming the current telescope status is


100 / 0 / 0 / 0 / 0, the desired telescope status
should be 50 / 100 / 100 / 100 / 100 and the
TELESCOPING telescoping cylinder is locked in foot
section I.
100 0 0 0 0
The status display would then correspond to the
50 100 100 100 100
illustration to the left and the following telesco-
TELE: L: 30.5 ft ping sequence is yielded:
TRAINING INSTITUTE

T1 retract to 0 %
T5 extend to 100 %
T4 extend to 100 %
T3 extend to 100 %
T2 extend to 100 %
T1 extend to 50 %

Move the right control lever to the left in order to retract and hold it fast.

While you are holding the control lever, the crane control automatically carries
out the necessary locking and unlocking processes and fully retracts telescope
section I.

You can follow the process on the display and


the indicator and display lamps.

When the telescopic part is retracted (Value in


TELESCOPING
brackets = 0), the crane control system moves
0 0 0 0 0 the telescoping cylinder into the next telescopic
60 100 100 100 100 part to be extended (telescopic part V) and locks
TELE: L: 4.1 ft the telescoping cylinder into it.

When the display lamp for the telescoping cylinder in the foot section IV and the
yh indicator lamp Telescoping cylinder locked illuminates, the crane control system
stops all processes, as a change of direction in the telescoping is necessary.

Move the right control lever to the right in order to extend and hold it fast.

While you are holding the control lever, the crane control automatically carries
out the necessary locking and unlocking processes and fully extends telescope
section V to II and telescope section I to 60 %.

When the specified telescope status has been re-


ached, the display changes to the menu Display
telescope status and teleautomatism and displays
TELESCOPING the current telescope status.
> 60 < 100 100 100 100
SEMI-AUTOMATIC CONTROL
TELE: L: 15.3 ft

H
The telescoping with fully automatic control is thus completed.

If you want to extend telescope section I to 70%, for example, you can now ex-
tend this telescope section further with the semi-automatic control.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Lowering the In order to lower the partly extended boom to an angle below that permit-
main boom for ted in the operating area, you must enter an SLI rigging code. The rigging
maintenance codes are found in the corresponding rigging curves of the Lifting capacity

H
table.

If the main boom is fully retracted and no load is raised, the SLI switches
automatically to the rigging code when the working range is left.

Put down the load.


If the main boom is not fully retracted, enter the appropriate SLI code
for the current rigging mode of the truck crane according to the Lifting
capacity table.
Turn the superstructure in the necessary direction;

G
Risk of overturning with an outrigger span of 27.9 x 8.9 ft!
With an outrigger span of 27.9 x 8.9 ft the main boom may be set down
only in the 0 forwards or 180 to the rear positions.
If you place the boom to the side with this outrigger span, the truck crane
tips over even with the boom retracted.

G
Risk of overturning if SLI is overridden!
If the SLI switches off the lowering of the boom, the truck crane is in
a status in which the main boom can not be placed in a horizontal posi-
tion (e.g. a raised load or extended too far).
Do not override the SLI, put down the load if necessary and retract the
main boom.

Lower the main boom to the horizontal position.

Telescoping the Enter the corresponding SLI rigging code for the current rigging mode
main boom in of the truck crane according to the Lifting capacity table.
the horizontal
The maximum permitted telescope status for the current rigging mode
position
(counterweight, outrigger span, direction of rotation) is determined by the
SLI rigging code. If this telescope status is exceeded, the SLI switches off
the extending function.
Put down the load.
Extend the main boom only so far that the SLI switches off the exten-

H
ding function.

If you continue to extend the main boom after an SLI shutdown, you can
get into areas in which you can not retract or raise.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

13.3.8 Menus on the crane control display

You can call up various menus on the Crane control display. You receive
information about the power units from and can sometimes enter values
in these menus; error messages are also displayed here. You can select
five different menus directly:
the menu Display states,
the menu Power unit speeds/critical load control,
the menu Control lever emergency operation,
the menu Display telescope status and teleautomatism,
the menu Enter telescope status after emergency operation.

Error messages and a sub-menu Emergency operation are displayed auto-


matically and with priority;
Whenever further sub-menus are arranged under a menu, you can call
these up from the open menu.

Not all menus are described in this section:


Menu Control lever emergency operation;
Menu Enter telescope status after emergency operation;
Sub-menu Emergency operation;

Menu Display In this menu you can display the operating hours of all power units and
states possibly read off existing malfunctions. The operating hours of the crane
engine correspond to the superstructure operating hours, which are
specified in the maintenance manual.

Select the menu; press the membrane switch Display states once to do so.
> The crane control display now switches to
the menu Display states and in the uppermost
line the message STATUS REPORT appears.
STATUS REPORT
The most recently selected menu item (here
DERRICKING GEAR derricking gear) appears in the second line.
STATUS : O.K
TIME : 3.27 h

You can call up different menu items after each other by repeatedly pres-
> sing the membrane switch Display status or

you can use both these membrane switches to switch between menu
: items in increasing or decreasing order.

<
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The following menu items are available:


Engine (crane engine)
System (for the crane control)
Main hoist
Auxiliary hoist (only with additional equipment)
Derricking gear
Telescoping gear
Locking system (locking pins in the telescoping gear)
Slewing gear
Swing-away lattice (hydraulic cylinder for inclining the lattice extension)
Secondary power units (counterweight lifting gear/locking pins,
superstructure lock, incline crane cab)
Critical load contr

Select the desired menu item (e.g., main hoist).


:
< The total operating hours of the selected
power unit are displayed in the last line.
In this example the total operating time of
the main hoist amounts to 168 hours and
STATUS REPORT
27 minutes.
MAIN HOIST
STATUS : O.K The third line displays the status of the
selected power unit. There are two different
TIME : 168.27 h
status displays:

Status Significance
display

There are not malfunctions, the power unit is released by


O.K the crane control without restrictions.

One or more error messages have been acknowledged for


ERROR
this power unit and stored in the sub-menu Memory error.

Memory error sub-menu


You can call up the sub-menu memory error from this status display in
order to see already acknowledged error messages again.

Press this membrane switch next to the status display to do so.


+
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The display now changes to the sub-menu Memory error.

The entry MEMORY ERROR is in the top line;


to the right of it is the number of the error
which was acknowledged (e.g. 1).
The second line shows the power unit
MEMORY ERROR 1
concerned (e.g. main hoist)
MAIN HOIST
J3502 : 01000000 Both lower lines display the error exactly like
the corresponding error message which was
STATUS : 01000001
acknowledged;

You can call up further existing errors with both of these membrane
: switches next to the display. The errors are numbered consecutively and
the corresponding number of the error is displayed at the top right.
< Once the error with the number 1 has been reached and you press the
upper membrane switch again, the display changes back to the menu
Display states.

* To leave the Memory error submenu you can press one of the adjacent
membrane switches.

Menu items with special displays


In the Engine menu item, the current engine
speed of the crane engine is displayed in the
third line. In this example the current engine
speed is 850 revolutions per minute.
STATUS REPORT
MOTOR The speed display is updated when the
STATUS : 850 UPM speed of the crane engine changes.
TIME : 227.35 h

If there is an error, the message ERROR appears as with the other menu

H
items in the third line.

You can switch on this display when setting a constant engine speed if
you would like to set the constant engine speed to a certain value
(e.g. 1300 rpm);
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The menu item Locking system gives informa-


tion on the mechanism on the head of the
telescoping cylinder and its locking pins.
STATUS REPORT
In this menu item the last line shows how
LOCKING SYSTEM frequently the mechanism has controlled the
STATUS : O.K cycle Unlock telescope section.
CYCLES : 1727

The intervention of the critical load control


is displayed directly under the menu item
Critical load control (primarily for servvice
purposes).
STATUS REPORT
CRITICAL LOAD CONTROL In the third line there are three different entries:
STATUS : ON ON critical load control switched on
OFF critical load control switched off
ERROR error has occured

The bar graph in the last line shows to which percentage the performance
of the hydraulic pumps is throttled to (1 box is approx. 5 %; the diagram
shows approx. 40 %). The display is updated constantly. The bar display
shows 100 % if the critical load control CLC is switched off.
After STATUS the message ERROR appears if there is an error message.
The menu Display states remains switched on until you select another
menu with the corresponding membrane switch or until there is an error
message.

Menu Display In this menu you can see the current telescope status and the extended
telescoping status length of the telescoping cylinder.

and teleautomatic
Select the menu. Press the membrane switch Display telescope status and
teleautomatic.
The display Crane control now changes in
the menu Display telescope status and teleauto-
matic; in the top line the message TELESCO-
PING appears.

0 0 > 20 < 0 0
The display changes depending on the tele-
scoping status; this is described in more
TELESCOPING detail in the section Telescoping gear;
TELE: T3 L: 20:3%
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The menu Display telescoping status and teleautomatic remains switched on


@ until you select another menu with the corresponding membrane switch
or until there is an error message.

Power unit In this menu, you can enter the maximum speed of all power units.
speeds/critical
load control menu

Select the menu; press the membrane switch Power unit speeds/critical
@ load control once to do this.
The crane control display now switches to
the menu Power unit speeds/critical load control;
the entry SPEED appears in the uppermost
line.
SPEEDS
SLEWING GEAR The most recently selected menu item (here
NORMAL : 95 % slewing gear) appears in the second line.

POINT : 45 %

You can call up different menu items after each other by repeatedly pres-
@ sing the membrane switch Display status or

You can use both these membrane switches to switch between menu
: items in increasing or decreasing order.

< You can call up the following menu items:

Main hoist
Auxiliary hoist1)
Derricking gear
Telescoping gear
Slewing gear
Swing-away lattice (hydraulic cylinder for inclining the lattice extension)
Critical load control CLC;

1)
only with additional equipment and if the auxiliary hoist or a lattice
extension is connected electrically

: Select the desired menu point (e.g., Telescoping gear).

<
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Displaying entered speeds

The menu displays what percent of the


maximum speed is set as maximum speed.
The displayed value behind the following
applies here:
SPEEDS
NORMAL for operation with main boom
TELESCOPING GEAR
POINT for operation with the two-stage
NORMAL : 95 %
swing-away lattice extension or boom ex-
POINT : 40 % tension (both additional equipment).

H The arrow to the right always refers to the value with which the crane
control calculates at the moment.

As soon as a lattice extension is electrically


connected, the arrow switches to the value
for POINT and the value for NORMAL can no
longer be changed ( ).
SPEEDS
TELESCOPING GEAR
NORMAL :
POINT : 40 %

Entering the maximum speed

Before you can enter the new value for the maximum speed, you must
switch to entry mode.

Press the Entry mode membrane switch to switch on the entry mode for
+ NORMAL.
Press this membrane switch to switch on the entry mode for POINT.
* The entry request flashes in front of the two
numerical values ( e.g. with NORMAL, in
front of 95 %).
You can only newly enter the value which has
SPEEDS
the entry request in front of it.
SLEWING GEAR
NORMAL : 95 % You can enter values from 10 % to 100 % for
NORMAL.
POINT : 53 % The values for POINT are limited.
Crane operation
13.3 Crane work with the main boom
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Press this membrane switch if you want to increase the value.


: Every time the button is pressed, the value increases by 5 %.
Press this membrane switch if you want to decrease the value.
<
H
Every time the button is pressed, the value decreases by 5 %.

When you hold down the membrane switch, the value continuously
changes by 5 % intervals.

Press this membrane switch if you want to set the value back to the
initial state.
Once you have entered the desired value, you have to save it.

H
Press this membrane switch to save the new maximum speed.

The newly set speed is accepted by the crane control only if you have
saved it.
You can also enter both values (NORMAL and TOP SECTION) anew and
then save them together with enter.
You can no longer set the entry back with ESC after saving.

Switching on/off critical load control

Press the membrane switch Power unit


speeds/critical load control until the entry
CRITICAL LOAD CONTROL appears in
the second line.
SPEEDS
CRITICAL LOAD CONTROL Whether the critical load control is switched
STATUS : ON on (ON) or off (OFF) is displayed in the third
line behind STATUS.

Before you can change the setting, you have to change to the entry mode.

To do this press one of the two right membrane switches Entry and view,
* Display and hold it down briefly.

+
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Now the entry request flashes in front of the


entry in the third line ().

Now you can change the entry.


SPEEDS
CRITICAL LOAD CONTROL
STATUS : ON

Press this membrane switch in order to switch off the critical load
< control; the entry OFF appears in the third line.
Press this membrane switch in order to switch on the critical load
: control; the entry ON appears in the third line.
Press this membrane switch to save the changed entry.
The menu Power unit speeds/critical load control stays on until you select
> another menu with the corresponding membrane switch or until there is
an error message.

Access emergency If the crane control no longer receives signals from a length indicator or
operation menu proximity switch, if the received signals from the locking pin statuses are
unrealistic, or if the crane control recognizes an error in a valve for the lok-
king mechanism, the following crane movements are switched off:
retracting and extending,
locking and unlocking telescoping cylinders,
locking and unlocking telescope sections.

A corresponding error message is displayed on the Crane control display

Acknowledge the error message.



If the Display telescope status and teleautomatism menu was selected before
the error message occurred, the crane control switches directly to the
Access emergency operation menu.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

The menu can be recognised by the messa-


ge ACCESS EMERGENCY OPERATION in the
third line.
The three-digit numeric code in the second
TELESCOPING GEAR
line displays which type of error has occurred;
STATUS :001
ACCESS EMERGENY OPERATION
In the last line there is the message
KEYCODE : l
KEYCODE and the entry request ( ) flashes.

To start the emergency program, a key code must be entered in this line:

Press the following membrane switches next to the display one after
the other:

: <

H
Each correct entry is confirmed on the display with a star (*).

If you press the wrong membrane switch more than once, the entries
which have already been confirmed (*) will also be erased and the key
combination must be entered again.

When the key combination has been correctly entered, the crane control
starts the emergency operation.

Display of an The crane control shows current errors with priority on the display Crane
error message control. As soon as there is an error, the display switches to the Error
message display.
The message ERROR MESSAGE appears in
the top line.
The power unit concerned is displayed in the
ERROR MESSAGE
second line (e.g. the telescoping gear).
TELESCOPING GEAR The third line shows the designation of the
J3502 : 01000000 part on which a malfunction occurred. Be-
hind that is a numerical code which descri-
STATUS : 01000001 bes the cause of the error.

The numerical code in the last line describes the area in which the error
occurred.
TRAINING INSTITUTE

Acknowledging error messages


You can acknowledge an error message and thus return to the menu
which was selected before the error message occurred.

Press the membrane switch Enter once to acknowledge; there are three
possible reactions:
If no further error message is in the queue, the display switches to the
menu which was selected before the error message occurred.
If further error messages are in queue, the next error message appears
on the display. You can acknowledge all error messages one after the
other.
If the error message was displayed because the crane control cannot
detect any lengths and positions (proximity switch or length indicator is
faulty or the line has been cut), the crane control switches to the sub-
menu Emergency operation after the acknowledgement;

Calling up error messages again after acknowledging


All acknowledged error messages are saved in the sub-menu Error
memory. As long as the ignition remains switched on, you can call up the
acknowledged error messages again:

To do this, switch to the menu Display states.


> Call up the menu item for the power unit for which the error message
: appeared.
<
Switch to submenu Error memory. Here you can see the acknowledged
+

H
error messages again.

The error memory is deleted each time the ignition is switch off. As long
as the cause of error is not eliminated, the error message appears after
switching on the ignition and is again stored in the error memory after
acknowledging. In this way you can also note the error messages later if
you have switched off the ignition, e.g. to contact GROVE Product
Support.

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