Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 36

4 pages centrales de quiz pour progresser en anglais

PRATICABLE Passer un examen/"Moment verb" ou "Duration verb" ?

N 758 / Anglais Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 / 3,40

La presse internationale en V.O. pour progresser en anglais

WELCOME TO A
FACEBOOK WORLD

GAME ECONOMY CINEMA


WHO INVENTED STOCKHOLM, WILL WONDER
THE FIDGET THE GAME APP WOMAN WOW
SPINNER? CAPITAL YOU?
THE GUARDIAN SEATTLE TIMES THE NEW YORK TIMES
dito sommaire N 758 / Du 8 au 21 juin 2017
NIVEAU DE DIFFICULT ET QUIVALENCE CECRL
(Cadre Europen Commun de Rfrence pour les langues) :
facile A2-B1 moyen B2-C1 difficile C1-C2
Pour faciliter le reprage et la comprhension, les mots traduits sont surligns
dans des articles de niveaux et rubriques diffrentes.

RONAN LANCELOT Grand angle ....................................................................................................................................................................................................... 4


RDACTEUR EN CHEF On parle d'eux ............................................................................................................................................................................................. 5

A la une
Coup de pouce C1-C2 As Facebooks grown, so have its challenges
LOS ANGELES TIMES (US) ............................................................................................................................................................................... 6
Au dbut, il sagissait simplement dun endroit Quel avenir pour le rseau social mondial ?
o retrouver ses amis, ou ventuellement faire
connaissance avec un(e) tudiant(e) aperu(e) A2-B1 Focus ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 9
lautre bout du campus. Ce site tait dailleurs
rserv aux tudiants amricains de quelques Socit
universits tries sur le volet. Rapidement, les B2-C1 An inventor struggling to make ends meet
rgles dinscription (gratuite, et a le restera tou- THE GUARDIAN (UK) ......................................................................................................................................................................................... 10
jours) ont t assouplies aussi bien gographique- Qui se cache derrire le dget spinner ?
ment que dmographiquement pour inclure un
maximum de personnes. Et cela a march. Des B2-C1 The wounds of Whiteclay THE ECONOMIST (UK) .................................................................... 12
jeux sont apparus. Des vidos ont commenc Lalcoolisme chez les Sioux du Dakota du Sud.
tourner. Des invitations sont parties dans tous les
sens et aujourdhui, Facebook est devenu une Enjeux
plaque incontournable de la vie sociale. B2-C1 How Melbourne Landed the Worlds 50 Best Restaurants
Awards THE NEW YORK TIMES (US) ................................................................................................................................ 14
Il existe autant de manires de lemployer que de Une leon de marketing.
membres. Applications, site, messagerie, vid-
oconfrences, reportages lentreprise fonde, A2-B1 A 360 ........................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 16
entre autres, par Mark Zuckerberg (aujourdhui
33ans), connat toujours une croissance phno-
mnale. On parle de fake news sy rpandant PRATICABLE ................................................................................................................................. 17
plus vite que la poudre, de crimes visibles en di- Vocabulaire, expressions et astuces pour parler
rect, dimages choquantes, de propos diffamants comme un anglophone
et comme le dit loncle Ben son neveu Spider- Passer un examen / "Moment verb" ou Duration verb"
man: Un grand pouvoir implique de grandes
responsabilits. Quelle charte thique cette
entreprise (prive, il faut le rappeler) entend-elle B2-C1 Swedens booming video game industry SEATTLE TIMES (US) .......... 21
mettre en uvre pour, la fois rester un espace Stockholm, capitale mondiale du jeu vido.
de libert et dchanges dmocratiques, et servir
ses propres intrts sans mettre en danger ses B2-C1 Democrats Eye 2020 THE NEW YORK TIMES (US) ....................................................................... 23
utilisateurs? Prparer la prochaine lection prsidentielle amricaine.

A2-B1 Echos ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................ 25

Culture
B2-C1 Laura Marling makes magic by ipping the script
CHICAGO TRIBUNE (US) ................................................................................................................................................................................. 26
Rejoignez-nous sur et suivez-nous sur et sur Portrait dune musicienne britannique folk.

B2-C1 Is She a Female Hero for Our Time? THE NEW YORK TIMES (US) .......... 28
Wonder Woman dbarque sur grand cran.
BONUS
Dcouverte
Larticle est repris sur le CD ou les MP3 B2-C1 Gray platter- Stanford team grows brain in a dish
de conversation : Des interviews en V.O. MERCURY NEWS (US) ....................................................................................................................................................................................... 30
pour amliorer votre comprhension Faire pousser un cerveau, cest possible !
Tous les articles du magazine sont lus par des
anglophones sur le CD (ou les MP3) de lecture Bons plan .............................................................................................................................................................................................................. 32
Les sorties .......................................................................................................................................................................................................... 34
Retrouvez le reportage vido
li l article sur vocable.fr
Le dessin ................................................................................................................................................................................................................. 35

Photo de couverture : ISTOCK


Grand Lactualit en images

angle

(ADOCUMENTREE/CATERS/SIPA/1705111508)
ETATS-UNIS

MAN DRESSES AS REAL LIFE TREE


Meet the man who dresses as a 10-foot tree to teach people to be kind to one another and nature. Lionel Powell, 57,
spends up to 12-hours a day dressed as Treeman in the hope of making people smile, getting them to talk about human
nature and more. As a child growing up in the Marcy Projects of Brooklyn, New York, he was fascinated with nature and
saddened by the destruction of the natural environment. He found inspiration for his larger-than-life character
Treeman, from the beauty of Mother Nature and developed a backstory for Treeman to inspire those he encounters. It
takes Lionel two-hours to get into his elaborate costume - wearing his big shoes to make him 10ft tall, using face paint,
special glues and rubbers, paints, hardeners, real and faux plants. In addition to mirror reectors over his eyes so that
people can see their reection in nature.

to dress shabiller, se dguiser / real life grandeur relle / foot pied (30,48 cm) / kind gentil; ici, respectueux / to spend, spent, spent passer (temps) / to get,
got, got sb to amener qn / to sadden attrister / larger-than-life plus grand que nature / character personnage / to develop ici, imaginer / backstory histoire,
pass / to encounter rencontrer / to get, got, got into mettre, revtir / to wear, wore, worn porter / glue colle / rubber gomme, caoutchouc / hardener
durcisseur / in addition to en plus de; ici, auxquels sajoutent / reection reet.

4 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017


On parle d'eux Retrouvez le l dinfos sur www.vocable.fr

Ceux qui font l'actu

James Clapper
Expressing dismay over the abrupt ring
of FBI director James Comey amid a probe
into Moscows meddling in U.S. elections
and possible ties with the Trump cam-
paign, the former U.S. intelligence chief
warned last month: I think, in many ways,
our institutions are under assault, both ex-
ternally and thats the big news here, is
the Russian interference in our election
system I think as well our institutions
are under assault internally. When he was
asked, Internally, from the president?
Clapper answered, Exactly.
dismay consternation / over ici, au sujet de / ring
licenciement / amid ici, dans un contexte de / probe ici,

(NEWSCOM/SIPA)
enqute / meddling ingrence / tie lien / former ancien / to
warn mettre en garde / in many ways de nombreux gards
/ under assault attaqu / both la fois... (et) / as well
galement.
(Justin Trudeau's Facebook page)

(Thibault Camus/AP/SIPA)

(CHINE NOUVELLE/SIPA)
Justin Trudeau Sheryl Sandberg Jacob Zuma

Prime Minister of Canada Justin Trudeau Facebook's Sheryl Sandberg made a US South African President Jacob Zuma has
brought his three-year-old to the office last Mother's Day call for the government to do publicly endorsed his ex-wife for the
month. Little Hadrien Trudeau had the run of more for working women last month. The leadership of the African National Congress,
the place in a series of photos posted to social social media giant's COO called for a higher the party which has governed the country
media. The duo were also photographed minimum wage, paid family leave and since the end of racial segregation in 1994.
handling the press and politicians. "Whether affordable childcare. Some 40% of US Zumawhose term as president is due to end
it's good for PR or not, you can't call Mr households with children rely on a woman as in 2019has been head of ANC since 2007 but
Trudeau anything but a family man," one the key breadwinner, she said in a Facebook is likely to be replaced at the partys elective
Facebook commenter volunteered. post. "It's time for our public policies to catch conference in December. The ANC has been in
up with what our families deserve and what turmoil in recent months, losing control of
to have the run of a place avoir un endroit our values demand," she said. several key cities, including the economic hub
disposition; ici, bncier/proter dun espace en Johannesburg and the capital Pretoria, in local
toute libert / to handle grer; ici, interagir avec, COO = Chief Operating Officer directeur des elections in 2016.
rpondre / whether ici, dire si / PR = Public oprations / wage salaire / leave cong /
Relations / to volunteer ici, commenter. affordable abordable, accessible / childcare prise to endorse approuver, apporter son soutien ,
en charge des enfants / household foyer, mnage / cautionner / wife pouse / term ici, mandat / to be
to rely on compter/se reposer sur, dpendre de / key due to devoir (car prvu/programm) / to be likely
principal / breadwinner soutien de famille, to tre susceptible de / to replace remplacer / to be
personne/parent qui gagne le plus / policy politique in turmoil tre dans la tourmente / hub cur, centre.
/ to catch, caught, caught up with rattraper / to
deserve mriter / to demand exiger.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 5


la une I Facebook I ETATS-UNIS I C2

At Facebooks current rate of growth, Newsweek calculates that the number of active
Facebook users will equal the current population of the world by the year 2048.

LOS ANGELES TIMES/TNS DAVID PIERSON

AS FACEBOOKS
GROWN, SO
HAVE ITS
CHALLENGES
Facebook : une croissance qui
s'accompagne de ds majeurs
Quand Facebook est n, qui aurait pu prdire un tel succs ? Sa
croissance phnomnale, son entre en bourse, son
omniprsence dans le quotidien de tant de personnes Cette
russite nest pas sans soulever quelques interrogations, la
fois sur son mode de fonctionnement, ses valeurs et son avenir.
Facebook, Big Brother moderne ou outil dmocratique ?

Mark Zuckerberg.
(New York Times)

6 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Amliorez votre prononciation en coutant tous les articles sur le supplment audio de lecture

NIVEAUX AVANC ET BASIQUE DU SUPPLMENT SONORE


Tout le monde connait Mark Zuckerberg. On sait que lorsquil a lanc son site internet, il avait un besoin certain de
reconnaissance et de likes . Certains disent que la totalit du mrite ne lui en revient pas. Ecoutez la partie AVANCEE pour
avoir un cho de la controverse. Sur la partie BASIQUE, dcouvrez ce quil est advenu dautres initiatives moins heureuses.
CD audio ou tlchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)

I n 2011 as Facebook inched ever closer to 1


billion active monthly users, it faced a
vexing crisis: uproar about a facial recognition
algorithm that tagged people in photos without
5.The more mature their tools become, the
more profound the challenges they have, said
Mike Hoefinger, a former Facebook market-
ing employee who wrote Becoming Facebook,
a Related Articles feature that will give users
more perspectives on the news. Zuckerberg
was also compelled to take action over the rise
of live-streamed violence on Facebooks popular
their consent. Six years later, and as Facebook a book about the companys evolution into a video broadcasting platform.
nears the 2-billion-user milestone, that com- behemoth valued at $430 billion.
plaint almost seems quaint. My sense is that theyre absolutely maturing 9.Last month, Zuckerberg had to kick off the
into their role in the world, Hoefinger con- companys annual developers conference by
2.Consider the problems facing the worlds tinued. But the history of Silicon Valley has offering condolences for the murder of 74-year-
biggest social network today. The Menlo Park, taught us that no company, no matter how old Robert Godwin Sr. in Cleveland. Video of
Calif., company is taking re for spreading great, can dominate forever. the crime was uploaded onto Facebook by the
propaganda and misinformation, potentially gunman, 37-year-old Steve Stephens, who later
inuencing the outcome of elections in the CLUES bragged about the killing on Facebook Live. In
United States and abroad. Its being criticized 6. That vulnerability and a willingness to response, Zuckerberg announced plans to hire
for allowing hate and terror groups to foment adapt has rarely been more evident than 3,000 more moderators to screen content for
on its platform. And its scrambling to stamp since the 2016 presidential election. Against the disturbing material.
out horric videos of suicides and murders backdrop of a bitterly divided country, Face-
streamed live. book, which did not respond to a request for 10.The efforts to crack down on fake news and
comment, has provided valuable clues as to objectionable video also comes months after
CONNECTING PEOPLE how it will behave in the new political era. Facebook, Microsoft, Twitter and YouTube
3. That these setbacks come at a time when agreed to share information to weed out ter-
Facebook now reaches a quarter of the globes 7.Initially, Facebook founder and Chief Execu- rorists and their content. Thats being done even
population only underscores how much the tive Mark Zuckerberg dismissed the notion as Facebook and others are deecting allega-
stakes have grown for the company. It connects that his platform helped spread propaganda
people in ways never experienced before, pro- and partisan clickbait that some say helped
feature fonctionnalit / to compel contraindre /
viding the only outlet for free speech in some Donald Trump win the election. Zuckerberg broadcasting diffusion.
countries. Facebook is one of the few companies even went so far as to call the idea crazy. But
9. to kick off inaugurer / to upload mettre en ligne /
in Silicon Valley that can proclaim without a as criticism mounted, the 32-year-old executive gunman tireur / to brag se vanter / to screen passer
hint of irony that it has changed the world. began addressing the issue more forcefully and au crible / disturbing ici, choquant.
accepting his platforms role. 10. to crack down on ici, enrayer / objectionable
4. Armed with enormous power, the nations rprhensible / to weed out liminer / to deect
fth-largest company by market capitalization 8.Facebook partnered with independent fact esquiver /
has to take into account both the needs of checkers to help vet content, it restricted ads
shareholders and the communities it serves. from fake news sites and it tried to educate
How Facebook navigates its journey toward its users about how to spot hoaxes in several
next billion users could portend not just the countries undergoing elections, including in SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
nancial health of the company but also the Britain, Germany and France. To combat criti-
health of the societies increasingly inuenced cism that Facebook only fortifies the echo Notez le sens des
by its products. chamber effect online, the company is testing phrasal verbs
employs dans cet article (premires
1. to inch closer to se rapprocher de / vexing dlicat, 5. mature dvelopp / behemoth monstre, gant / parenthses) qui diffre de leur sens
pineux / uproar toll / to tag taguer (mentionner sense sentiment ici, avis. littral (seconde parenthse) :
dans les rseaux sociaux) / milestone tape ici, barre / 6. clue indice, indication / willingness volont / to stamp out horric videos
quaint d'un autre temps. against the backdrop of dans un contexte de / (radiquer) (pitiner)
2. to take, took, taken re tre violemment critiqu / bitterly violemment.
misinformation dsinformation / outcome issue, to kick off the conference
7. chief executive (prsident-) directeur gnral / to (dmarrer) (donner un coup de pied)
rsultat / to foment ici, avoir libre cours, se rpandre / dismiss rejeter / clickbait pige clics (bait appt),
to scramble se prcipiter / to stamp out faire contenu en ligne visant gnrer des revenus to weed out terrorists (dnicher)
disparatre / to stream diffuser (en streaming). publicitaires en attirant les internautes avec des (dsherber)
3. setback revers, difficult / to underscore mettre lments sensationnels / forcefully nergiquement. to spill over into the physical world
en lumire / stake enjeu / outlet dbouch, ici moyen 8. fact checker personne vriant l'exactitude (envahir) (dborder)
d'expression / hint trace. d'informations / to vet contrler / ad = to back up its lofty intentions
4. market capitalization capitalisation boursire / advertisement publicit / fake faux, bidon / to spot (soutenir) (prendre sur son dos)
shareholder actionnaire / journey ici, trajectoire / to reprer / hoax canular / echo chamber caisse de
portend augurer, prophtiser. rsonance /

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 7


la une I Facebook I ETATS-UNIS I C2

SUPPLMENT VIDO
Dcouvrez le reportage vido
et testez votre comprhension sur
www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais

tions that technology companies are complicit


in terrorist attacks because the perpetrators
use their platforms.

WHERE TO?
11. Viewed collectively, observers say the recent
actions by Facebook show a company deep in
soul-searching mode. They cite Zuckerbergs
sweeping 5,600-word manifesto in February that
argues Facebook can forge a global community
by expanding the number of users connected on
the platform through groups, like ones for parent-
ing or neighborhoods. Building a global com-
munity that works for everyone starts with the Taking the tour of
millions of smaller communities and intimate Facebooks office
social structures we turn to for our personal, in the US. (SIPA)
emotional and spiritual needs, Zuckerberg wrote.
not) thats hes a petulant leader, thanks largely MONEY: WHAT IS IT GOOD FOR?
12.The hope is that those connections will spill to his depiction in the 2010 Aaron Sorkin lm 17. At some point, Kirkpatrick said, Facebook
over into the physical world to strengthen The Social Network. may struggle to balance competing interests
bonds between people even if it means tak- to keep its platform safe and grow users at the
ing a break from Facebook. Its something of 15.Now Zuckerberg is more openly contempla- same time. And because Facebook is a publicly
an antidote to the feeling of isolation for which tive. Hes even been acting like hes campaign- traded company, Zuckerberg will be under
social media is so often blamed. ing for ofce, attending a rodeo, planting a continual pressure to favor the latter.
community garden and thanking police during Theyre a company optimized for prot that
WHO IS ZUCKERBERG TODAY? a visit to Dallas. Hes had to deny rumors that reports to Wall Street, not Congress, Kirkpat-
13.To implement his manifesto, Zuckerberg hes interested in running for president. rick said. I believe they have good intentions
might have to jump headlong into a political and want to do the right thing. On the other
minefield, and even change his companys 16.Zuckerbergs attempts to quell its problem hand, they want to keep growing prots by 50
entire business model, Israeli historian Yuval with fake news and the like are all steps in the percent every quarter. Those two things may
Noah Harari wrote in the Financial Times. You right direction for mitigating Facebooks short- increasingly come into conict.
can hardly lead a global community when you comings, experts say. But the question invari-
make your money from capturing peoples ably remains: How can Facebook ever have 18.Zuckerberg probably anticipated this. He
attention and selling it to advertisers. Despite enough moderators, fact-checkers or even so- made sure that he would command a majority
this, his willingness to even formulate a po- phisticated enough articial intelligence to of the companys voting rights after its initial
litical vision deserves praise. back up its lofty intentions? Two billion users public offering of stock in 2012. Then last year,
is a challenge no company has ever had, said he created a new class of non-voting shares that
14. Its a grown-up move for Zuckerberg, who David Kirkpatrick, chief executive of media would allow him to give away his wealth but
has long been dogged by the reputation (fair or company Techonomy and author of The Face- also maintain control of the company. And in
book Effect. Just dealing with suicide preven- his pitch to investors in the run-up to the pub-
tion alone is a huge challenge, he added. And lic listing, he let his priorities be known. We
complicit complice. freedom of speech is such a multifaceted issue dont build services to make money, he wrote,
11. soul-searching examen de conscience / sweeping that it could occupy all of Zuckerbergs time. we make money to build better services. O
vaste, gnral / to argue soutenir / parenting rle de
parent / neighborhood (US) = neighbourhood (GB)
quartier.
12. to spill, spilled or spilt over rejaillir, gagner / to 17. to balance ici, arbitrer entre / competing
strengthen renforcer / bond lien / to take, took, petulant irascible / depiction portrait.
concurrent / publicly traded company entreprise
taken a break from marquer une pause, prendre ses 15. to campaign for office mener une campagne cote en bourse / to favor (US) = to favour (GB)
distances avec. lectorale / to deny dmentir / to run, ran, run for privilgier, favoriser / the latter ce dernier (objectif).
13. to jump headlong into sauter la tte la premire president se prsenter aux lections prsidentielles.
18. to command disposer de / initial public offering
dans / mineeld terrain min / advertiser annonceur 16. to quell mettre un terme / the like ce genre de of stock introduction en bourse / share action / to
/ to deserve mriter / praise loges. choses / to mitigate attnuer / shortcoming lacune / give, gave, given away faire don de, distribuer / pitch
14. move dcision / to be dogged by a reputation to back up appuyer, tayer / lofty lev, noble / argumentaire (de vente) / run-up priode prcdant
souffrir d'une rputation / multifaceted multidimensionnel. (un vnement) / public listing entre en bourse.

8 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


I Facebook I ETATS-UNIS

Focus

Facebook facts
Company prole
Type of site: Social networking service
Founded: February 4, 2004
Headquarters: Menlo Park, California, U.S.A.
Area served: United States (20042005) Worldwide, except blocking
countries (2005present)
Founders: Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Andrew McCollum, Dustin
Moskovitz and Chris Hughes
Key people: Mark Zuckerberg (Chairman and CEO), Sheryl Sandberg
(COO)
Revenue: US$27.638 billion (2016)
Net income: US$10.217 billion (2016) Facebook in numbers
Employees: 18,770 (March 31, 2017)
Subsidiaries: Instagram, Messenger, WhatsApp and Oculus VR Worldwide, there are over 1.94 billion monthly active Facebook
users in March 2017 (Facebook MAUs), which is an 18% increase year
social networking rseaux sociaux / to found fonder, crer / headquarters (inv.) on year.
quartier gnral (QG), sige (social) / area rgion, pays / worldwide partout dans le There were 1.15 billion mobile daily active users (Mobile DAU)
monde / chairman prsident / CEO = Chief Executive Officer prsident-directeur
gnral (PDG) / COO = Chief Operating Officer directeur des oprations / revenue
in December 2016, an increase of 23% yearly. (Source: Facebook
recettes, chiffre daffaires / billion milliard / net income revenu/rsultat net. as of 2/01/17)
1.28 billion people logged onto Facebook daily active users
(Facebook DAU) during the rst quarter of 2017, which represents an
18% increase yearly. (Source: Facebook as of 05/03/17). The
implication: a huge and vastly growing number of Facebook users are
active and consistent in their visits to the site.
On average, the Like and Share Buttons are viewed across almost 10
million websites daily. (Source: Facebook as of 10/2/2014)
People aged from 25 to 34 represent 29.7% of users and are
the most common age demographic.
Five new proles are created every second. Facebook users are
76% female (out of 100% of all females) and 66% male (out of
100% of all males).
The highest traffic occurs mid-week between 1 and 3 pm. On
Thursdays and Fridays, engagement is 18% higher.
There are 83 million fake proles. (Source: CNN)
Every 60 seconds on Facebook, 510,000 comments are posted,
293,000 statuses are updated, and 136,000 photos are
uploaded.
over plus de / increase augmentation / year on year danne en anne / as of en
date du / to log on(to) se connecter / quarter ici, trimestre / implication ici,
consquence / huge considrable / vastly considrablement / consistent rgulier /
on average en moyenne / to share partager / to view voir, consulter / across ici,
sur (lensemble de) / almost prs de / age demographic tranche dge / to occur
(SIPA)

se produire, avoir lieu / mid- en milieu de / engagement ici, activit / fake faux / to
update mettre jour, actualiser / to upload tlcharger, mettre en ligne.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 9


Socit I Jeu I ETATS-UNIS I B2-C1
Les mots traduits sont surligns dans larticle pour
les reprer plus facilement dans les traductions

SUPPLMENT VIDO
Dcouvrez le reportage vido
et testez votre comprhension sur
www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais

THE GUARDIAN RICHARD LUSCOMBE

AN INVENTOR
STRUGGLING
TO MAKE
ENDS MEET
Une inventrice qui peine
joindre les deux bouts
Il y a eu la toupie, il y a eu les scoubidous, puis les yoyos, les
cartes Pokemon, les rainbow looms un nouvel objet a envahi les
cours de rcration aux Etats-Unis, au Royaume-Uni et maintenant
en France, cest le dget spinner ! Cette nouvelle sorte de toupie,
rgulirement en rupture de stock, est le fruit de limagination dune
Amricaine dont vous allez dcouvrir ici la surprenante histoire Spinning round and round.
(Athena Picture/Shutters/SIPA)

A s the inventor of the original dget


spinner the ubiquitous new toy that
has quickly become a craze in playgrounds
around the world Catherine Hettinger should
2.The palm-sized spinners consist of a ball
bearing which sits in a three-pronged plastic
device which can then be icked and spun
round. Now, while the manufacturers and re-
of inventions make any money. Ive watched
other inventors mortgage their houses and lose
a lot. You take roommates, you get help from
friends and family. It is hard.
be enjoying the high life. But the Florida-based tailers who are selling the modern-day versions
creator is not making a penny off her genius of the toy rack up huge prots, Hettinger, 62, 4.Hettinger accepts that had she been able to
invention, even as global sales of the gadget she is downsizing from her tiny house to a cheap- afford to keep the patent, she would now
envisioned two decades ago as a way to enter- er condo, wondering whether to get her discon- likely be sitting on a sizeable fortune. I
tain her seven-year-old daughter soar into the nected telephone line reinstated, and guring wouldnt have any problem. That would have
tens of millions and suppliers struggle to meet out how to afford a car that truly works. been good, she said.
massive demand. Hettinger held the patent on
nger spinners for eight years, but surrendered 3.Its challenging, being an inventor, she told NO REGRETS
it in 2005 because she could not afford the $400 the Guardian during a coffee-shop interview 5. But while she joins a notable list of others who
renewal fee. I just didnt have the money. Its near her home in Winter Park, a historic sub- by accident or design failed to cash in person-
very simple, she said. urban city just east of Orlando. Only about 3% ally on their world-changing creations, Het-
tinger insists that she is not bitter over the lost
opportunity, and is instead encouraged by the
2. palm paume (de la main) / ball bearing roulement spinners sudden popularity. Several people
1. dget spinner toupie anti-stress (to dget remuer, billes / to sit, sat, sat ici, tre ancr/intgr / prong
s'agiter) / ubiquitous omniprsent / craze engouement; branche / device objet / to ick donner une chiquenaude
ici, mode / playground cour de rcration / to enjoy / to spin, spun, spun round faire tourner /
manufacturer fabricant / retailer dtaillant, vendeur, to mortgage hypothquer, contracter un emprunt
proter de / (the) high life (la) belle vie / to make, (immobilier) / roommate colocataire / hard dur.
made, made a penny se faire de l'argent / even as alors magasin / to rack up rcolter / huge norme / to
mme que / global mondial, international / to envision downsize ici, dmnager (en rduisant la supercie de 4. to accept ici, reconnatre / had she... si elle avait... /
imaginer / decade dcennie / way faon, moyen / to son domicile) / tiny minuscule, (tout) petit / cheap bon likely probablement / to sit, sat, sat on ici, tre la tte
entertain distraire, occuper / to soar grimper en che, march, peu cher / condo= condominium appartement de / sizeable de taille, considrable, important.
augmenter considrablement / supplier fournisseur / to (en coproprit) / to wonder se demander / whether si 5. while ici, bien que / to join rejoindre, s'ajouter /
meet, met, met ici, rpondre , satisfaire / to hold, held, (oui ou non) / to reinstate rtablir / to gure out notable remarquable, non ngligeable / by design
held dtenir / patent brevet (d'invention) / to surrender dterminer, valuer / truly rellement, vraiment; ici, bien / dlibrment / to fail to ne pas russir/parvenir / to
remettre, cder / to afford se permettre (nancirement) to work fonctionner, "marcher"; ici, rouler. cash in on tirer prot de, exploiter / bitter amer / over ici,
/ renewal renouvellement, reconduction / fee frais, cot. 3. suburban de la banlieue, priphrique, rsidentiel / au sujet de / instead au lieu de cela /

10 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Retrouvez plus dinfos dans la newsletter Vocable www.vocable.fr/newsletter

NIVEAUX AVANC ET BASIQUE DU SUPPLMENT SONORE


Catherine Hettinger nest pas rancunire, mais beaucoup dautres inventeurs ont de quoi lavoir en travers de la
gorge ! Certaines ides tombent dans loubli avec leurs crateurs. LOffice europen des brevets propose daider la
cration et la promotion des meilleures inventions. Dcouvrez celles qui ont retenu lattention du jury 2017.
CD audio ou tlchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)

have asked me: Arent you really mad? But for wasnt really even prototyping, it was some dollar deals, Hettinger said. If there had been
me Im just pleased that something I designed semblance of something, shed start playing money or Id had a venture capitalist back then,
is something that people understand and really with it in a different way, Id repurpose it. it would have been different.
works for them, she said.
9. After several redesigns, a basic, non-me- THE FUTURE AHEAD
6.Theres just a lot of circumstances in mod- chanical version of the spinner was born. We 12. Undeterred, Hettinger is currently working
ern life when youre boxed in, youre cramped kind of co-invented it she could spin it and contract engineering jobs to earn income
in, and we need this kind of thing to de-stress. I could spin it, and thats how it was designed, while helping advise others at meetings of the
Its also fun. Thats the thing about culture, she added. inventors council of central Florida, and also
once everybody starts doing it, its kind of OK. has plans to manufacture and sell her original
10. Hettinger, who spinner design if a Kickstarter appeal can raise
7. Her views are not spent her childhood in enough funds. It is not quite how things could
shared by increasing Tulsa, Ok lahoma, have turned out had she retained the dget
numbers of schools in
the US and the UK,
I just spent the next few
years exhibiting and
spinner patent and secured her nancial fu-
ture, but Hettinger insists she has only one
who are banning chil- didnt selling upgraded ver- regret: I would probably be doing more in-
dren from bringing or have the sions of her design at venting, she said. O
using the spinners arts and craft fairs
because they are seen money. around Florida. The
as a distraction. But project was great, I es-
venture capitalist investisseur en capital-risque / back
Hettinger said she sentially broke even, I then l'poque.
was pleased that in Catherine Hettinger (Richard Luscombe/West Atlantic Media) sold units and tested
12. ahead en perspective / undeterred nullement
other circumstances, schools were nding the it with a couple of thousand people, she said. dcourag / currently actuellement / contract ici,
devices helpful. I know a special needs teach- She also ew with her daughter to Washing- contractuel / engineering (en) ingnierie / to earn
er who used it with autistic kids, and it really ton DC for an appointment with the US patent gagner (salaire) / income revenu / while ici, tout en / to
helped to calm them down, she said. and trademark ofce and secured a patent on advise conseiller / plan projet / Kickstarter (sur le) site
her design in 1997. internet de nancement participatif / appeal ici, appel
CREATION (aux dons) / to raise runir, rassembler, lever / enough
suffisamment (de) / funds fonds / quite tout fait / to
8. Hettinger says the origins of the spinner 11.But just when it looked like her original turn out se terminer, voluer / to retain conserver.
lie in one horrible summer back in the early spinner was on track for wider commercial
1990s when she was suffering from myasthe- success, Hettinger was hit by a disappoint-
nia gravis, an autoimmune disorder that ment. The toy manufacturing giant Hasbro,
causes muscle weakness, and was also caring who had been testing the design, decided not
for her daughter Sara, now 30. I couldnt pick to proceed to production effectively leaving SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
up her toys or play with her much at all, so I the project to wither and eventually die with
started throwing things together with news- the lapse of the patent in 2005. Im a techie,
On peut formuler le
paper and tape then other stuff, she said. It Im not a person who closes multimillion-
conditionnel de deux
manires, avec if et
avec had :
mad fou (furieux). to repurpose ici, transformer. Had she been able to afford to keep
6. to be boxed in tre enferm/coinc / to be cramped 9. to spend, spent, spent passer (temps). the patent...
in tre l'troit/limit / kind sorte, genre / that's the 10. childhood enfance / to exhibit exposer / upgraded Had she retained the patent ...
thing c'est a le truc. amlior / arts and crafts fair foire/salon artisanal(e); Si elle avait conserv le brevet
7. view point de vue, opinion / to share partager, avoir en Arts and Crafts Arts et Mtiers / to break, broke, If there had been money ...
commun / increasing croissant, grandissant / to ban broken even quilibrer les comptes / unit unit; ici, jeu / a Sil y avait eu de largent
interdire / to see, saw, seen ici, percevoir / special needs couple of deux, quelques, plusieurs / appointment
ici, qui accompagne les enfants handicaps. rendez-vous / trademark marque dpose / to secure If she had had a venture capitalist ...
obtenir. Si elle avait eu un investisseur
8. to lie, lay, lain rsider, se situer; ici, remonter () / early
dbut (des annes) / myasthenia gravis myasthnie 11. to look like sembler (que) / to be on track for tre en ... things would be/would have been
grave / disorder troubles; ici, maladie / to cause bonne voie pour/passe de / wide large, global, important different today, she would be/would
provoquer, engendrer, entraner / weakness faiblesse / to / disappointment dception, dsillusion / to wither have been rich.
care for soccuper de / to pick up ramasser; ici, saisir / at s'affaiblir/teindre (g.) / eventually au nal / lapse ici, Les choses auraient t diffrentes
all du tout / to throw, threw, thrown together expiration / techie ici, expert en technologie / to close a aujourdhui, elle serait riche.
fabriquer, assembler ( la hte) / tape ruban adhsif, deal sceller un accord, conclure une affaire, obtenir un
scotch / stuff choses; ici, lments, matriaux / contrat /

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 11


Socit I Alcoolisme I ETATS-UNIS I B2-C1

SUPPLMENT VIDO
Pine Ridge
Dcouvrez le reportage vido
Whiteclay et testez votre comprhension sur
www.vocable.fr/videos-anglais

THE ECONOMIST

THE WOUNDS OF
WHITECLAY
Les blessures de Whiteclay
Les Sioux possdent une grande rserve dans la partie mridionale du Dakota du Sud. Si lalcool est interdit sur leur territoire ce
ntait, jusquau mois dernier, pas le cas Whiteclay, un village situ juste derrire la frontire du Nebraska o se vendaient
jusqu cinq millions de canettes de bire par an. Aprs une longue bataille juridique, les quatre magasins ont ferm leurs portes
temporairement ?

T he Pine Ridge Indian reservation in


South Dakota, the site of the battle
of Wounded Knee, contains one of the poor-
est counties in America; and every one of its
A truck delivering alcohol to bars and
liquor stores in Whiteclay, Neb. before
it trickled to a halt. (Mark Davis/AP/SIPA)

residents is affected, in some way, by alcohol-


ism. So says Robert Brave Heart senior, one
of the leaders of Red Cloud, a private Catho-
lic school founded in 1888 by Jesuits at the
request of Red Cloud, a chief of the Oglala
Lakota, the tribe of Crazy Horse. Most of his
people, says Mr Brave Heart, cannot drink
alcohol in moderation. He thinks he is one
of them. After bad experiences with booze
as a teenager, he has not touched alcohol for
40 years.

PROHIBITION
2. Alcohol has been banned in Pine Ridge
since 1889, except for a few months in the
1970s. Yet two-thirds of adults on the reser-
vation are alcoholics; alcohol-fuelled domes-
tic violence is rampant ; and one in four
babies born on the reservation is irreversibly
damaged by fetal-alcohol syndrome, a range
of neurological defects caused by mothers
drinking alcohol during pregnancy. 3.One of the main sources of alcohol for the revoke the licences of Whiteclays four liq-
reservations residents is Whiteclay, a tiny uor stores, which are due to expire on April
hamlet of 11 residents just a short walk away 30th. They argued that the town is not well
across the state line in Nebraska. Whiteclay, enough policed: reason enough to revoke a
1. Wounded Knee (29 dc. 1890) massacre de prs de which has no school and no grocery shop, licence. A lawyer for the shops said at once
200 amrindiens par l'arme amricaine / county
seems to exist solely to sell booze. On April that his clients would appeal.
comt (aux .-U., collectivit locale la plus importante
lintrieur dun tat) / tribe tribu / booze (fam.) alcool. 19th Nebraskas state liquor board voted to
2. alcool-fuelled (GB), alcool-fueled (US) sous
l'emprise de l'alcool / to be rampant tre endmique / 3. hamlet hameau / a short walk away deux pas to police maintenir l'ordre / to appeal faire appel.
range srie / neurological defect trouble (de) / line ici, frontire (entre tats) / grocery shop
neurologique / pregnancy grossesse. picerie / liquor alcool / board comit /

12 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Tlchargez lappli Vocable offerte nos abonns ! www.vocable.fr/applimobile

4. Activists such as Frank LaMere, a member 7. Her efforts are backed by Tom Brewer,
of the Winnebago tribe, who has fought for Nebraskas first Native-American state SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
22 years to shut down the shops, are jubilant senator, who grew up on the Pine Ridge
about the state boards decision. They argue reservation. As a staunch Republican, he is She is the author of the
that the shops have been making immoral at the other end of the political spectrum,
prots from the misery of vulnerable resi- but the two senators are united in their
bill ... (cf. 6)
Un bill peut-tre, comme ici, un
dents of the reservation. outrage at what is happen-
projet de loi.
Last year the shops sold an ing in Pine Ridge.
astonishing 3.6m cans of Un bill est galement une facture.
beer, or seven cans per 8. More than halfperhaps Au restaurant en Grande Bretagne
minute, almost all to the Alcohol has 80%of its adults are un- on demande the bill (laddition),
mais aux Etats-Unis on demande
Lakota Sioux. employed. About half live
been banned in below the federal poverty
the check.

A BIG PROBLEM Pine Ridge line. Almost one-third are Aux Etats-Unis on paie avec a bill
(billet de banque), en Grande
5. Yet Mr Brave Heart and
others are sceptical about
since 1889. homeless. Men die, on av-
erage, at 47 and women at
Bretagne on donne a banknote.
On peut galement payer par
the licence revocation. 55. Almost half the popula- chque, mais attention
They say those who want tion older than 40 is dia- lorthographe, chque (GB),
to drink will simply drive betic. The infant mortality check (US)
to get their booze farther aeld, which will rate is triple the national average, the suicide Pas facile de sy retrouver !
increase both the already high number of rate of teenagers is more than double and
fatal drunk-driving car crashes, and bootleg- obesity is an even bigger problem than in
ging. Alcoholism is a social and spiritual the rest of the Midwest.
problem, says Mr Brave Heart. It cannot be
reversed with the stroke of a pen. 9. Studentsof journalism at the Univer- duced a wide-ranging report on the impact
sity of Nebraska, Lincoln recently pro- of the liquor shops on the reservation. It
6. Patty Pansing Brooks, a Democratic state was called The Wounds of Whiteclay:
senator from Nebraska, is the author of the Nebraskas Shameful Legacy . Those
bill creating the Whiteclay public health wounds will take a long time to heal , if
7. to back soutenir / staunch ardent, farouche / at
emergency task-force, which unanimously the other end of the political spectrum de l'autre they ever do. O
passed the unicameral statehouse on April ct de l'chiquier politique / outrage indignation.
24th. She agrees that it will take more than 8. poverty line seuil de pauvret / infant mortality
prohibition to help the alcoholics in Pine rate taux de mortalit infantile / Midwest rgion du
Ridge. Ms Pansing Brooks wants a substa- nord des .-U. allant de l'Ohio aux montagnes 9. wide-ranging vaste, exhaustif / shameful
tion of the Nebraska state patrol set up in Rocheuses. honteux / legacy hritage, legs / to heal gurir.
Whiteclay, as well as demolition of aban-
doned buildings where crime and trafck-
ing are rife. She also wants to create a detox
centre with a job-training programme, and
promote economic development by giving
residents access to wireless broadband. She
says she feels a duty to do something be-
cause of her states complicity in destroying
the tribe.
Beauco
u
rducti p de
ons
Sjours linguistiques
4. to be jubilant about se fliciter de / misery
malheur, dtresse / astonishing stupant / can

ltranger
canette.
5. farther aeld plus loin / car crash accident de
voiture / bootlegging contrebande (dalcool) / to
reverse ici, enrayer / with the stroke of a pen d'un Des cours de langues varis, semestres linguistiques,
simple coup de crayon ici, avec une nouvelle loi.
anglais des affaires, prparations aux examens
6. bill projet de loi / task-force groupe de travail / to
pass tre adopt, vot / statehouse chambre (ex: Cambridge, IELTS, TOEFL)
lgislative d'un tat / substation poste de police local,
annexe / state patrol service de police d'un tat / to eurocentres.com 0800 903 552 (Numro gratuit)
be rife rgner, svir / detox dsintoxication / wireless
sans l / broadband connexion Internet haut dbit.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 13


Enjeux I Marketing I AUSTRALIE I B2-C1
Melbourne has a highly diversied economy with particular strengths in nance,
manufacturing, research, IT, education, logistics, transportation and
Melbourne
tourism. Melbourne houses the headquarters of many of Australia's largest corporations,
including ve of the largest seven in the country based on market capitalisation.

THE NEW YORK TIMES BESHA RODELL

HOW MELBOURNE LANDED


THE WORLD'S 50 BEST
RESTAURANTS AWARDS
Melbourne a accueilli la crmonie rcompensant les 50 meilleurs
restaurants au monde
Quand on parle de lAustralie, on voque ses grands espaces et sa nature sauvage plus que ses atouts gastronomiques. Vous
dcouvrirez dans cet article comment, loccasion de la remise dun prix pour professionnels organis Melbourne, loffice du
tourisme australien a pu monter une dlicieuse opration marketing. Mais a-t-elle vraiment port ses fruits ?

M ELBOURNE, Australia London.


New York. Melbourne. No argu-
ment: The rst two cities are international cu-
linary capitals. But Melbourne?

2. This city, Australias second largest, was chosen


to host the Worlds 50 Best Restaurants awards
this year, with ceremonies held on April 5 at the
historic Royal Exhibition Building. It is only the
third city to have hosted the awards, after Lon-
don and New York.

3. For lovers of Melbournes food scene, it would


be nice to think that the citys edible riches its
cafes and laneway restaurants, its vast multi- Chef Frank Camorra said he saw the awards as a way to showcase what weve got to the world. (Simon
Shiff/The New York Times)
cultural menu are what attracted the awards.
But the real credit goes to a campaign by Tour- well as a global audience who watched the live- chef Frank Camorra said at an evening event
ism Australia and Visit Victoria to woo event streaming of the ceremony. The nation also April 4 for the international news media that
organizers with visits, services, infrastructure landed a second restaurant on the list Brae, in celebrated the food and drink of the city. But
and money. Birregurra, Victoria, at No. 44, joining Attica, in was it a surprise they chose to come here? Well,
Melbourne, also in Victoria, which edged up to yes, its quite a surprise. Asked why he thought
4. In the process, Australia grabbed the attention No. 32 from the 33rd place it won last year. the city had attracted the awards, Camorra said,
of hundreds of visiting journalists and chefs, as I dont know, but Id assume it was a lot of
WHAT ARE THE WORLDS 50 political machinations.
BEST RESTAURANTS AWARDS?
1. argument dbat; ici, doute.
5. Its a great opportunity for us to showcase 6. The awards, which began in 2002, have their
2. to host accueillir, organiser / to hold, held, held ici,
organiser / exhibition exposition. what weve got to the world, the Melbourne critics, who object to (among other things) an
3. scene ici, univers, monde, milieu / edible comestible abundance of corporate sponsors, a dearth of
/ riches richesses, trsors / laneway ruelle, alle /
credit mrite / to go, went, gone to ici, revenir (g.) as well as ainsi que / global mondial, international /
/ to woo attirer, sduire. audience public, (tl)spectateurs / to join rejoindre, quite plutt / to assume supposer.
s'ajouter / to edge up progresser lgrement.
4. in the process ce faisant / to grab captiver, attirer / 6. to object to dsapprouver de / among parmi, entre
5. to showcase montrer, mettre en avant (showcase / corporate d'entreprise, commercial / dearth
vitrine) / pnurie, manque /

14 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Une suggestion ? Ecrivez-nous sur monavis@vocable.fr

female chefs on the list and the ease with


which they say restaurants and others can
game the vote. For the rst 14 years, though,
the list and awards an offshoot of Restau-
rant magazine, based in London, and William
Reed Business Media held the ceremony in
London. But given the lists international
scope, it made sense to branch out. The Worlds
50 Best is now on what the organizers call a
global tour that started last year with awards
ceremonies in New York.

7. To be perfectly honest, we were trying to be


easy on ourselves that rst year, said William
Drew, the editor of the list and of Restaurant
magazine. New York is not the hardest place to
get to from London, and it has all the obvious
benets of being a world food capital. From there
we were thinking, Where next?'

YOU ARE INVITED Kylie Kwong, an Australian chef, presides at the wok at the Chef's Feast, a showcase of local produce and
avors at St. Kilda Beach, near Melbourne. (Simon Shiff/The New York Times)
8. Much like the Olympics, the global tour has
prompted cities to vie for consideration as host for Visit Victoria. It was not going to be a choice outback, the Great Barrier Reef but research
locations, in the hope that the awards will bring for them as far as we were concerned. This conducted by Tourism Australia in 2012 showed
visibility, recognition and, in time, tourism dol- meant wining and dining them in Melbournes quite a disparity between how highly regarded
lars. Australia had indicated quite some time best restaurants and discussing what the city Australia was, for food and wine, between the
ago that they would be interested in having us, could offer as a destination for the awards, said people who had already visited versus those who
Drew said. It was an ongoing conversation with John OSullivan, the managing director of hadnt, de Souza said. In an era when food is
Tourism Australia. Tourism Australia. driving more travel decisions than ever before,
the country had an underused weapon in its
9. Last year, Tim Brooke-Webb, the lists manag- A BIG CAMPAIGN tourism arsenal.
ing director, took two trips to Australia one to 11. The quest to lure the Worlds 50 Best is only
Melbourne and one to Sydney to scout pos- one prong of a many-faceted strategy by Tourism 12. In 2013, Tourism Australia started a campaign
sible locations for the awards. Tourism Aus- Australia. The country has long attracted tourists to raise the prole of the countrys food and
tralia paid for his ights and accommodations. for its physical assets Sydney Harbor, the drink. It includes not only traditional marketing
and advertising, but also the courting of bloggers
10. As you can imagine, they set foot in Mel- and journalists from around the world who have
it was not going to be a choice for them cela allait
bourne and we turned it on, said Melanie de tre une vidence pour eux / as far as en ce qui / to been own in and entertained. But good food
Souza, the director of international marketing wine and dine inviter manger (et dguster du vin). alone, many say, is not enough to attract acco-
11. quest qute, effort / to lure attirer, sduire / prong lades or tourists. You dont just do an advertise-
branche; ici, aspect, facette / long ici, depuis ment and put some food in it and people will
ease aisance, facilit / to game traquer / though longtemps / asset atout / harbor port /
cependant / offshoot driv, cration / given au vu/ think, Australia has great food and wine,'
en raison de, tant donn / scope porte / to make, OSullivan said. You have to really work it and
made, made sense avoir du sens, sembler logique / to work over it. O
branch out se diversier; ici, se dployer / tour
tourne. SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
7. perfectly tout fait / to be easy on oneself se (the) Outback (l')arrire-pays/intrieur des terres
faciliter la tche / editor rdacteur en chef / hard australien / (the) Great Barrier Reef (la) Grande
difficile / to get, got, got to atteindre; ici, rejoindre (en Its one prong of a Barrire de corail / to conduct mener / highly
voyageant) / obvious vident / benet avantage. many-faceted strategy regarded hautement considr / era poque / to
8. to prompt inciter / to vie for rivaliser pour / (cf. 11) drive, drove, driven ici, inuencer / ever jamais, de
consideration ici, rexion/dlibration (en vue tout temps / underused sous-exploit / weapon
d'ventuellement slectionner), nomination / location Comparez cette expression avec : arme; ici, atout.
lieu, endroit / recognition reconnaissance / in time the three-pronged plastic device 12. to raise ici, rehausser, amliorer / prole image,
avec le temps / ongoing continu, sur le long terme. notorit / advertising publicit / to court courtiser,
(lappareil trois pointes) dont on
9. managing director directeur gnral / to take, parle dans larticle sur le dget sduire / to y, ew, own sb in faire venir qn par
took, taken ici, effectuer / to scout rechercher, reprer avion / to entertain divertir; ici, faire dcouvrir les
/ ight vol / accommodation logement, spinner (page 10) meilleurs endroits, notamment o goter la
hbergement. ou bien gastronomie et aux vins du pays / enough suffisant /
10. to set, set, set foot poser le pied; ici, arriver / we accolade marque de reconnaissance, loges / to work
the prongs of a fork (les dents dune over retravailler.
turned it on nous avons tout fait pour les charmer / fourchette).

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 15


360
Le tour du monde en V.O.
Tlchargez lappli Vocable offerte nos abonns ! www.vocable.fr/applimobile

(Amos Chapple / Rex Feat/REX/SIPA)


Conscious choice
For the rst time in New Zealands history,
the countrys lawmakers have granted a
river the legal rights of a human. In March, a
parliamentary vote ensured the roughly
90-mile Whanganui River would be
represented by two guardians in legal

(Luca Bruno/AP/SIPA)
matters that concern the waterway. The
legislation marked a monumental victory for
the local Mori people, who view the river as
an indivisible and living whole.

conscious dlibr, intentionnel / lawmaker

Whos counting? lgislateur / to grant accorder / right droit / to


ensure assurer, garantir / roughly environ / mile =
1,609 km / legal matter affaire juridique /
Last month, Venices city council passed a set of measures aimed at reducing waterway voie navigable / whole tout, entit.
tourist numbers in the northern citys most popular areas. One of the most sig-
nicant innovations is the planned installation of people-counters at high-trafc
areas. These will monitor the number of visitors to the citys most popular sites,
including the Ponte degli Scalzi, the Ponte di Calatrava, and the three bridges
crossing the Rio Novo. While there will be no specic cap on visitor numbers, the
gures will be shared in real time through the citys website and social media in

(Caters News Agency/SIPA)


an effort to avoid overcrowding.
city council conseil municipal / to pass adopter, voter / set srie, ensemble / to aim at viser () / area quartier,
site / signicant signicatif, important / innovation ici, nouvelle mesure / people-counter dispositif
permettant de compter le nombre de personnes / high-traffic densment peupl, populaire / to monitor
surveiller, contrler, suivre lvolution de / cap limite, quota / gure chiffre / to share partager, transmettre, rendre
public / effort tentative, initiative / to avoid viter / overcrowding affluence (crowd foule).

Woof
Delayed A football stadium has become the rst
The Berlin Brandenburg Airport, arena in the world to open its doors to dogs,
originally scheduled to open in allowing fans to bring their canine
2012, has largely been companions in with them to watch matches
completed, but ubiquitous on the terraces. The do-friendly initiative at
malfunctions have moved the the Mineirao stadium in Belo Horizonte,
opening back to at least 2020. south east Brazil, has introduced the
Among the problems: cabling Arcaobancada, a customised executive box
wrongly laid out; escalators too in the stands for 60 supporters and their
(SIPANY/SIPA)

short; 4,000 doors incorrectly four-legged friends. Its a pioneering move


numbered; a chief planner who designed to add value to fans overall
turned out to be an impostor; experience at a game.
complete failure of the
futuristic re safety system... The initial $2.2 billion price tag is now $6.5 billion. woof ouaf (aboiement) / to allow permettre/
donner la possibilit , autoriser / do-friendly
to schedule prvoir, programmer / to complete achever / ubiquitous omniprsent, trs courant; ici, multiples / pro-chiens / to customise adapter sur mesure /
malfunction disfonctionnement, erreur / to move back ici, reporter / at least au moins, minimum / among executive box loge (privative) / four-legged
parmi / cabling cblage / wrongly mal / to lay, laid, laid out ici, installer / chief en chef, principal / planner quatre pattes / pioneering novateur, original /
planicateur / to turn out to be savrer/se rvler tre / failure chec, dfaillance / safety (de) scurit / billion move initiative / to design concevoir, imaginer /
milliard / price tag prix ( payer). overall global / game ici, match.

16 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017


En partenariat avec
www.vocable.fr

PRATICABLE
Vocabulaire, expressions et astuces pour parler comme un Anglais

Passer un examen
Si vous avez lintention de poursuivre vos tudes ltranger ou
de travailler dans une entreprise internationale, il est
indispensable que votre niveau danglais soit valu dans le
cadre dun examen officiel. Les certications Cambridge English
sont une option envisager srieusement.

(ISTOCK)
Vocabulaire cl
answer sheet feuille de rponses official preparation material
assess valuer matriel officiel de prparation NIVEAU BASIQUE DE VOTRE SUPPLEMENT SONORE
assessment valuation paper-based test test sur papier Stress? Qui est stress ? Pas vous ? Cest quoi cette
candidate candidat pass an exam russir un examen goutte de sueur ? Pourquoi vos mains tremblent-
candidate ID number numro (faux-ami) elles? Vous navez pas assez rvis ? Voici tout ce
didentication du candidat pen stylo quil faut faire ou ne pas faire avant le grand jour !
certicate certicat pencil crayon papier CD audio ou tlchargement MP3
comprehension comprhension practice test examen blanc
computer-based test test sur practise (verbe) s'entraner
Retrouvez cette che de vocabulaire lue sur le CD Lecture
ordinateur preparation resources
conrmation of entry ressources pour prparer
convocation l'examen lexamen
electronic device appareil question paper nonc, preuve Bon savoir
lectronique rank classement
eraser gomme register sinscrire Les certications Cambridge English ont t mises en place par lUniversit
exam examen regulations rgles (de conduite), de Cambridge et sont reconnues linternational. Elles permettent une
examiner examinateur rglement valuation complte et prenne du niveau danglais du candidat en langue
fee tarif Reading comprhesion crite gnrale ou en langue des affaires selon les cas. Ces certications sont
gapped text texte trous sample papers sujets-type, alignes sur lchelle du Cadre Europen (CECRL, de A1 C2). Pour langlais
grade, score note, score annales gnral, les plus populaires sont le First (de niveau B2) et lAdvanced (C1)
instructions consignes script copie (d'examen) et pour langlais business, les BEC, disponibles pour les niveaux B1, B2, et C1.
invigilator surveillant skill, ability comptence Lexamen est constitu de quatre preuves : Reading and Use of English,
Listening comprhension orale speaking expression orale Writing, Listening et Speaking. Cambridge English a galement conu
mark exam papers corriger des take / sit an exam passer un deux tests danglais qui peuvent tre passs par tous les candidats quel
copies (dexamen) examen que soit leur niveau : Le BULATS (anglais business), ligible au CPF, et
multiple-choice question task exercice lIELTS (anglais acadmique), commercialis par le British Council.
question choix multiples (QCM) time allowed temps imparti
note paper feuille(s) de brouillon use of English pratique de
notice guide pour les candidats langlais
online resources ressources en weighting of each paper Testez-vous
ligne coefficient de chaque preuve
writing expression crite Associez chaque mot de la premire liste un mot
de la seconde :
1- prepare a- prociency
Expressions retenir 2- register b- sample papers
3- practise c- cost
You can register directly with the exam centre. Vous pouvez vous inscrire 4- level d- time
directement auprs du centre dexamen.
You need to register to receive your results online. Vous devez vous inscrire 5- fee e- invigilator
pour recevoir les rsultats en ligne. 6- pass f- succeed
You must bring identification. Vous devez apporter une preuve didentit. 7- instructions g- oral skills
Pens will be provided by your centre. Votre centre dexamen vous fournira 8- regulation h- read carefully
des stylos. 9- plan i- candidate number
You can do the tasks in any order. Vous pouvez faire les exercices dans
lordre que vous voulez. SOLUTIONS : 1-b ; 2-i ; 3-g ; 4-a ; 5-c ; 6-f ; 7-h ; 8-e ; 9-d.
If you have any questions, contact your local centre. Si vous avez des
questions, contactez votre centre dexamen local.
Always read the questions before you start listening. Lisez toujours les
questions avant de commencer l'coute (du texte). Cette page a t ralise en partenariat avec Cambridge English
Allow enough time to plan, write and check your work. Prvoyez www.cambridgeenglish.org/fr
suffisamment de temps pour organiser, crire et relire votre travail.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 17


PRATICABLE / Grammaire

JOAN GREENWOOD

Moment verb ou Duration verb ?


Piqre de rappel
1
Savoir reconnatre des Classez les expressions suivantes dans la colonne approprie.
moment verbs to buy a car/a house, to have/own a car,
(action un moment to pay back a mortgage, to take out a mortgage,
prcis) et des duration to sign/end a rental agreement, to pay rent,
to learn English, to stop/start doing s.th.
verbs (action qui dure
dans le temps) vous aidera MOMENT VERBS DURATION VERBS
bien choisir le temps du Exemple : to get married to be married
verbe quil faut employer. .. ..
Exemples : .. ..
.. ..
Which year did you get
.. ..
married?
(action prcise simple
Duration: to have/own a car, to pay back a mortgage, to pay rent, to learn English
past) to stop/start doing s.th.
SOLUTIONS : Moment: to buy a car/a house, to take out a mortgage, to sign/end a rental agreement,
How long have you been
married?
(action qui dure present 2
Indiquez [M] (moment) ou [D] (duration) pour chaque phrase et
perfect) compltez-les avec un verbe conjugu au pass ou au futur.

1. We ..................... divorced two years ago. [ ]


2. We ..................... divorced for two years. [ ]
3. We ..................... renting our apartment for ve years. [ ]
4. We ..................... just ............................... a mortgage for a new house. [ ]
5. Well .............................. the mortgage over the next 25 years. [ ]
6. I ..................... to learn Chinese just 3 months before our trip to Beijing. [ ]
7. I ..................... Russian for 7 years when I was at school. [ ]
8. I ..................... my rst car when I was a student. [ ]
9. I ..................... several cars since then but my favourite will always be that
little old 2CV. [ ]

sur www.vocable.fr 8. I bought. [ M ] - 9. Ive had several cars [ D ]


Retrouvez beaucoup plus d'exercices de
grammaire, d'orthographe et de culture 4. We have just taken out [ M ] - 5. Well be paying back [ D ] - 6. I started to learn [ M ] - 7. I studied [ D ] -
gnrale sur notre site internet ! SOLUTIONS : 1. We got divorced [ M ] - 2. We have been divorced [ D ] - 3. We have been renting [ D ] -

18 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017


/ Prononciation Retrouvez plus dinfos sur www.vocable.fr

JOAN GREENWOOD

Soignez votre orthographe


Le saviez-vous ?
1
Choisir la bonne orthographe parmi les mots en italiques. Catherine Hettinger is not making
a penny off her invention
It might rain on Saturday, in witch/which case well cancel the (page 10 / 3)
picnic. On comprend facilement le sens
de making a penny (gagner
They said they will bring their/there own food. quelques sous) mais si quelquun
The letter was sent to the wrong adresse/address. (plutt une lle) en Angleterre vous
dit Im going to spend a penny
Shes won an award for the best author of childrens litterature/ sachez que cest une faon de dire
literature. Je vais faire un petit pipi.
Explication: il y a quelques annes,
I need to get more exercise/exercice. il fallait mettre une pice de one
penny dans une fente pour ouvrir
Youll have to apply for a residence/residents permit.
la porte dans les toilettes
Shes an independant/independent worker. publiques.

SOLUTIONS : which, their, address, literature, exercise, residence, independent

Le dessin d'Yves Cotten 2


Tendez loreille
Trouvez lintrus (le mot qui ne rime pas
avec les trois autres).

1. work pork fork cork


2. brow now show cow
3. dare steer hair swear
Retrouvez Yves Cotten sur et-compagnie.blogspot.fr/

4. raise maze pays says


5. earth worth birth hearth
6. shout sought drought out
7. storm worm form warm
8. meet heat sweat sweet

worm, sweat
SOLUTIONS : work, show, steer, says, hearth, sought,

sur www.vocable.fr
Retrouvez beaucoup plus d'exercices de
grammaire, d'orthographe et de culture
gnrale sur notre site internet !

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 19


PRATICABLE / Vocabulaire www.vocable.fr

Jeux de mots
A retenir L'expression idiomatique
cleavage dcollet The icing on the cake (la cerise sur le gteau), expression qui illustre
breasts seins bien limportance du glaage dans la ptisserie anglaise, que ce soit du
a skimpy dress une robe qui dvoile coffee icing (glaage au caf), chocolate icing (glaage au chocolat) ou
presque tout du royal icing (sucre glace, blanc duf et jus de citron). Un Victoria
high heels hauts talons Sponge cake est saupoudr de sucre glace avec du butter icing
pony tail queue de cheval (glaage au beurre).

1 2
Utilisez les lettres de chaque En vous aidant des dnitions, trouvez les mots qui
case pour former des mots ont la mme racine que les mots en couleur.
correspondant aux dnitions de la
bote jaune. drop
Les lettres en bleu se prononcent comme 1 2 3
dans blue.
pick
e e
4 5 6
t r r w
u c shake
7 8 9
m not false c
n f i watch over i n
dry
r u someone who u 10 11 12
plays an
o d e lay
instrument
l
what a soldier 13 14 15
i wears
p s e a team on a boat i s 1. a small amount of liquid 10. without any tears or crying
u u 2. someone who leaves school 11. clothes you can wash without
a place for art
i c before nishing their studies having to iron
r e s
put with others 3. a little tube used to measure and 12. action needed after washing
v m
distribute small amounts of a liquid dishes
s a n 4. a small truck used for fast deliveries 13. a person who is not trained or
m e 5. difficult to please experienced in a subject
u 6. money made easily in a business 14. the composition or arrangement
or an activity of a page, a room, etc
u m
7. a container used to make cocktails 15. to make employees redundant
8. a major change in an organisation
include 9. uncertain, doubtful, not sure to
SOLUTIONS : true, supervise, musician, uniform, crew, museum, succeed

lay: layman, layout, layoff


dry: dry-eyed, drip-dry, drying-up
sur www.vocable.fr shake: shaker, shake-up, shaky
Retrouvez beaucoup plus d'exercices de pick: pick-up, picky, pickings
grammaire, d'orthographe et de culture SOLUTIONS : drop: droplet, drop-out, dropper
gnrale sur notre site internet !

Ne manquez pas dans le prochain numro la nouvelle page PRATICABLE : Chez lophtalmo

20 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017


Les mots traduits sont surligns dans larticle pour
Enjeux I Economie I SUDE I B2-C1 les reprer plus facilement dans les traductions

Between 2010 and 2015, sales surged


Stockholm
from $132 million to $1.4 billion.

Microsoft bought Mojang,


the Swedish developer of
Minecraft. (Minecraft)

THE SEATTLE TIMES/TNS MATT DAY

SWEDENS BOOMING
VIDEO GAME INDUSTRY
Sude : une industrie du jeu vido orissante
Candy Crush Saga, Battleeld, Minecraft, Star Wars Battlefront tous ces jeux, et bien dautres encore, ont t dvelopps
Stockholm. La capitale sudoise sest impose comme lun des ples mondiaux du dveloppement et de la production de jeux vido
innovants, originaux et commercialiss en masse. Les grands studios amricains ont dcid dy investir. Un choc des cultures ?

S TOCKHOLM Microsoft raised eye-


brows in 2014 with the announcement
it was spending a hefty $2.5 billion to buy
Mojang, the Swedish developer of world-build-
Paradox. Minecraft, by the time Microsoft
came calling, was a global phenomenon. It
instantly gave Microsoft a hugely popular
brand with kids and gamers of all ages, as well
the industry, fueled by a talented and creative
workforce and the fruits of years of govern-
ment support for education and technology.
The country today boasts the second-highest
ing game Minecraft. The reaction among the as the $100 million or so in prot that Mojang concentration of video-game studios per
fast-growing video-game industry in Stock- was then pulling in annually. Bringing Mo- capita in the world (neighboring Finland is
holm was a little different. jang and its 35 employees under Microsofts No. 1), according to data from industry track-
umbrella also thrust the Seattle-area company er Gamedevmap. The U.S. clocks in at 13th,
A SUCCESS STORY the center of a vibrant, and unique, video- with less than half the rate of game companies
2.For us, it was like, Microsoft got a pretty gaming cluster. per capita as Sweden. >>>
sweet deal, said Susana Meza Graham, an
executive with Swedish video-game maker 3. Swedens video-game boom in the last half
decade is one of the biggest success stories in
3. to fuel (fueled, US = fuelled, GB) nourrir,
1. to raise eyebrows susciter l'tonnement / hefty to come, came, come calling ici, frapper la porte / alimenter / workforce main-duvre / to boast se
considrable (somme). brand marque, nom / to pull in rapporter, engranger / prvaloir de / per capita par habitant / tracker ici,
2. sweet deal bonne affaire / executive cadre, umbrella houlette, gide / to thrust, thrust, thrust socit d'tudes spcialise / to clock in at pointer ,
responsable / propulser / vibrant dynamique / cluster ici, ple. atteindre / rate taux.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 21


Enjeux I Economie I SUDE I B2-C1

4. And an industry trade group estimates that


one out of every 10 people in the world has Scandinavian gaming boom
played a game developed in Sweden, from 7KHKHDGFRXQWRI6ZHGHQVYLGHRJDPLQJLQGXVWU\WULSOHGEHWZHHQDQGIXHOHGE\WKH
VXFFHVVRIKLWJDPHVDQGEXVLQHVVGHDOVWKDWGXPSHGFDVKLQWRWKHORFDOLQGXVWU\
casual titles (Candy Crush) to the high-end
(Battleeld) and whimsical (Goat Simulator). Swedens video game industry
NUMBER OF COMPANIES EMPLOYEES REVENUE* NET INCOME*
300 4,000 1,500 500 485
5.Recently, many have plugged into Mi- 3,709
1,280
necraft, an open-ended game that lets players 240 236 3,200 1,200 400
pilot blocky characters and build elaborate
universes. The game has sold more than 122 180 2,400 900 300
million copies, the second-biggest all-time
120 106 1,600 600 200
seller behind No. 1 Tetris. 1,203
60 800 300 100
GAME ON 121 1.5
6. Stockholm, Swedens largest city and home 0 0 0 0
'10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15 '10 '11 '12 '13 '14 '15
to 930,000 people, is spread across an archi-
pelago of 14 islands and coastline where Lake Source: Dataspelsbranschen, Swedish Games Industry
* Revenue, net income are in millions of euros
Graphic: Mark Nowlin, Seattle Times/TNS
Malaren meets the Baltic Sea. At the core is the
kidney-shaped island of Gamla Stan, old town
in English, a maze of narrow cobbled streets walled former factories converted into ofces 11.But executives and developers in Stockholm
connected by bridges and ferries to the adjacent is a subsidiary of Rovio, the Finnish-headquar- say they havent seen much change in direction
islands. Just to the south sits Sodermalm, an tered Angry Birds builder. And around the from Mojang in the 2 1/2 years Microsoft has
island primarily used for farmland until its corner from there, on the rst oor of an old owned the studio, which now employs more
bogs and lakes were drained and working-class tobacco factory, is Mojang. than 50 people here. From outward appear-
housing was built in the 19th century. Today, ances at Mojang today, theres little to suggest
it is Stockholms cultural capital, and the heart 9.The company was founded in 2009 by the company even belongs to Microsoft.
of its gaming scene. Markus Notch Persson, who built Minecraft
in his spare time. Early on, he spurned a job 12.Much of the change has been in the Seattle
7.One recent Friday, Meza Graham and most offer from game publisher Valve, which want- area, where Microsoft has set up a studio to
of Paradoxs 220 employees gathered on the ed him to bring his game idea to the Seattle- pilot some editions of Minecraft, and used
sixth oor of their Sodermalm headquarters area company. After the sale to Microsoft the game prominently in marketing materials,
to toast Prosecco in hand the simultaneous closed, Persson and Mojangs two other found- including for the HoloLens, Xbox and the
release of two updates to their games. ers left the company. companys education initiatives. Microsoft
Avalanche, another development studio, oc- hasnt really shown yet what they want to do,
cupies two oors of the same building. Dice, SMOOTH OPERATION said Patric Palm, chief executive of Hansoft, a
the biggest employer in Swedens gaming in- 10. Microsofts purchase of one of Swedens Sweden-based game and software development
dustry, is headquartered across the street. crown jewels of video gaming sparked the tool maker. And since they paid such a hefty
This would have to be the most populated concerns that typically come when a big com- price, they obviously have a bigger game in
game-development area in the world, says pany acquires a smaller one. New oversight and mind here. O
Jacob Kroon, a spokesman with the Swedish an infusion of foreign corporate culture can
Games Industry trade group. end what made the acquired company success-
11. from outward appearances vu de l'extrieur, en
ful in the rst place, particularly in the creative apparence.
8. A few blocks away down a street of utilitar- and personality-driven video-gaming industry. 12. prominently bien en vidence ici, largement /
ian-looking apartment buildings and brick- There were a lot of worries among employees marketing materials supports marketing.
at Mojang, said Jonas Martensson, who joined
the company the year before the deal and would
4. casual simple / title ici, jeu, produit / high-end stay on afterward as CEO. What would Mi-
haut de gamme / whimsical fantaisiste, saugrenu. crosoft do? Who would we work with?
5. to plug into ici, se mettre jouer / open-ended SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
sans n, sans conclusion / blocky ici, constitus de
blocs / copy exemplaire / biggest all-time seller plus He built Minecraft in
grand succs commercial de tous les temps.
his spare time (cf. 9)
6. coastline cte, littoral / core cur, centre / kidney- factory usine / subsidiary liale.
shaped en forme de haricot (kidney rein) / maze temps libre, moments de loisirs
9. spare time temps libre / to spurn rejeter / to close
labyrinthe, ddale / cobbled pav / bog marais, a sale conclure, raliser une vente. Comparez:
marcage. a spare room chambre damis
10. smooth sans heurts ici, bon / operation ici,
7. to toast porter un toast / release sortie / update transaction commerciale / crown jewels joyaux de la a spare part pice de rechange
nouvelle version / to be headquartered avoir son couronne ici, eurons / to spark concerns susciter
sige / spokesman porte-parole. a spare tyre roue de secours
l'inquitude / oversight supervision, direction / CEO =
8. utilitarian-looking fonctionnel, spartiate / Chief Executive Officer PDG.

22 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Enjeux I Politique I ETATS-UNIS I B2-C1

THE NEW YORK TIMES ALEXANDER BURNS AND JONATHAN MARTIN

DEMOCRATS EYE 2020


Les dmocrates visent 2020
De la mme manire que le prsident actuel, Donald Trump a, ds le lendemain de son lection, repris les meetings aux quatre
coins des Etats-Unis, le camp dmocrate commence sorganiser pour 2020. Quelles stratgies mettre en place pour obtenir une
majorit dans son propre camp ? Qui sont les candidats pressentis la primaire ? On commence dj voir se proler quelques
gures avec lesquelles il faudra compter !

Sen. Kirsten Gillibrand (D-N.Y.) during a Senate


Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles. (Emily Berl/The New York Armed Services hearing at the Senate Dirksen
Times)
Office Building on Capitol Hill in Washington, March
14, 2017. (Gabriella Demczuk/The New York Times)
Former Vice President Joe Biden campaigns for
Stephanie Hansen, center, a Delaware Democratic WHO WILL RUN?
state senate candidate, in Newark, Del. (Mark Makela/
4. His appearance in New Hampshire

M
The New York Times)
brought into the open some of the maneu-
ANCHESTER, N.H. A vast ocrats to deliver an optimistic message vering among Democrats that has already
array of Democratic leaders, aimed at the needs of struggling Ameri- gone on for months behind the scenes. The
divided by generations but uniformly cans and to emphasize issues like health list of candidates may ultimately be the
emboldened by President Donald Trumps care and education, which he described as largest since 1976, when Democrats lined
perceived vulnerability, have begun tak- largely sidelined in the last election. Im up after Watergate for a nomination seen
ing palpable steps toward seeking the absolutely positive they want to be with as offering a short path to the White
White House in an election that is still 3 us, he said of people in economic distress. House.
1/2 years away. We have to prove, again, we understand
that hopelessness. 5. In a largely leaderless party, two distinct
2. A prominent member of that group, groups are emerging, defined mostly by
former Vice President Joe Biden, may have 3. Biden said he was prepared to storm the age and national stature. On one side are
sounded a starting gun for the 2020 race country to help revive the party, and three potential candidates approaching
last month as he delivered a tough-love boasted of his comfort in wooing areas celebrity status who would all be older
manifesto for the partys future to a crowd that voted for Trump. Wherever you than 70 on Election Day: Biden, and Sens. >>>
of Democrats here. Biden called on Dem- want, just let me know, because its im-
portant, he said.
4. appearance apparition, prsence, visite / to bring,
brought, brought into the open rvler (au grand jour)
1. array varit / to divide diviser, sparer / to embolden to aim at viser / to struggle peiner, prouver des / maneuvering (US)= manoeuvring (GB) manuvres
enhardir, encourager / perceived suppos, dtect / step difficults / to emphasize mettre laccent sur / issue / among parmi, chez / to go, went, gone on avoir lieu /
mesure, initiative / toward ici, en vue de / to seek, question, sujet, enjeu / health care (systme de) sant / behind the scenes en coulisses, l'abri des regards /
sought, sought chercher ; ici, briguer / still encore, to sideline mettre de ct / positive sr, certain / ultimately au bout du compte / large ici, long / to line
pourtant / away ici, dans (futur loign). distress dtresse; ici, (grandes) difficults / up faire la queue, s'aligner; ici, se porter candidat/
hopelessness dsespoir. prsenter (lections) l'un aprs l'autre / Watergate (1972)
2. prominent minent / former ancien / to sound the scandale du cambriolage au sige du parti dmocrate
starting gun lancer le top dpart, annoncer le dbut / 3. to be prepared to tre prt / to storm ici, parcourir Washington, qui cota la prsidence Richard Nixon /
race course ( la prsidence) / to deliver prononcer le pays an de rallier des sympathisants (aussi, prendre nomination dsignation officielle d'un candidat / to see,
(discours) / tough love amour exigeant, la fermet dassaut) / to revive relancer / to boast se saw, seen ici, percevoir, considrer / short path porte
affectueuse (recours la rigueur dans le but d'aider qn sur vanter/senorgueillir de / comfort aisance, facilit / to ouverte (g.).
le long terme) / manifesto manifeste / crowd foule, woo courtiser, rechercher les faveurs de; ici, tenter
assemble / d'obtenir le soutien de / area rgion / let me know 5. stature statut, importance / side ct / to approach
dites-moi, faites-le-moi savoir. se rapprocher de, frler / Sens. = Senators.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 23


Enjeux I Politique I ETATS-UNIS I B2-C1 Une suggestion ? Ecrivez-nous sur monavis@vocable.fr

>>> Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts and tional paths. Rep. Seth Moulton, D-Mass.,
Bernie Sanders of Vermont. a 38-year-old veteran of the Iraq War who
has been a pointed critic of Trump, has
6. All three are fiery speakers inclined not ruled out running in private conversa- SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
toward economic populism, and they have tions. High-profile city executives, like
urged the Democratic Party to shift in that Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles, 46, Democrats Eye 2020
direction since its defeat in November. and Mayor M itch Landr ieu of New Le titre de cet article illustre bien le
Orleans, 56, may also consider the race. style que des journalistes anglo-
7. Competing against the Democrats saxons emploient souvent pour
senior cohort is a large and relatively THE ELDERS attirer lattention des lecteurs. Le
shapeless set of younger candidates who 10.For now, however, it is the partys sens, et donc le contenu de larticle,
span the ideological spectrum : governors, septuagenarian trio that is casting the nest pas toujours vident au premier
senators, mayors, wealthy executives and longest shadow over 2020, and all three abord. Dans ce cas prcis il faut
even members of the House . They are have taken steps to extend or expand their savoir que eye est un verbe et non
animated by the presi- leadership status in the un substantif et qu Democrats il
dents turbulent debut and party. Bidens appearance ny a pas dapostrophe avant le s. Il
the recent history, from in New Hampshire was sagit donc dun pluriel et non un
President Barack Obamas bathed in allusions to the possessif.
victory in 2008 to Trumps presidency. While Sand-
last year, of upstart can- ers is mistrusted by much
didates catching fire. Two distinct of the Democratic estab-
groups are lishment , including many soon for some of the partys biggest tal-
8. In the Senate alone, as leading donors, he retains ents. Younger Democratic hopefuls are
much as a quarter of the emerging. a huge political network , unlikely to share Buells reservations. In
Democrats 48-member and his advisers view him the Senate, Booker, Gillibrand and Klobu-
caucus are thought to be as a favorite for the nomi- char have been reaching out to national
giving at least a measure nation. His decision on donors and planning travel beyond their
of consideration to the whether to run will shape home states.
2020 race, among them the Democratic race, most
Cory Booker of New Jersey, Kirsten Gil- notably for candidates like Warren, who 12.Booker, who has long cultivated a do-
librand of New York, Amy Klobuchar of shares much of his political base. nor network on the West Coast, visited
Minnesota and Kamala Harris of Califor- Los Angeles in April to raise money and
nia. All are closer to 40 than 80. THE YOUNG GUNS collect an award from the Humane Soci-
11.While some Democrats worry about ety. Steve Westly, a former eBay executive
9. Trumps lack of conventional qualifica- running yet another candidate of Trumps and major fundraiser for the Obama and
tions for the presidency may also draw generation for president, Susie Tompkins Clinton campaigns, said Booker had pri-
outside-the-box challengers who see him Buell, a prominent Democratic donor, said vately indicated that he was open to a 2020
as having opened a range of unconven- in an interview that 2020 might be too campaign. Hes saying: Look, were all
doing our best to sort out what the Trump
presidency means and push back in the
6. ery ardent / to incline toward tendre vers / to urge path voie / pointed franc, direct / to rule out exclure,
sb to exhorter/appeler qn / to shift (se) dplacer, carter / high-prole trs mdiatis / to consider
appropriate way, Westly said. O
passer (); ici, voluer / direction ici, sens (ici, tendance, rchir/songer , envisager.
vers un populisme conomique). 10. the elders les ans / for now pour l'instant / to cast,
7. to compete against sb faire concurrence , rivaliser cast, cast a shadow over jeter une ombre sur / to hopeful (jeune) espoir, candidat / to be likely to tre
avec qn / senior de haut rang, minent; aussi, plus g / extend tendre, accrotre / to expand dvelopper, susceptible/risquer de / reservation rserve, doute / to
cohort groupe / shapeless informe, sans aucune augmenter, renforcer / to bathe (se) baigner; ici, reach out to ici, solliciter / to plan projeter / beyond
structure / set groupe / to span embrasser, couvrir, imprgner ([it] was bathed in [elle] fut fortement au-del/en dehors de / home d'origine, d'o ils sont
englober / spectrum ici, chiquier/paysage politique / marque par) / to mistrust se mer de / originaires.
mayor maire / wealthy riche / executive cadre, dirigeant establishment ici, cadres du parti, membres inuents /
/ even mme / the House = the House of leading minent, principal / donor donateur / to retain 12. to raise lever, rcolter / to collect aller chercher,
Representatives la Chambre des reprsentants / upstart conserver / huge immense, dense / network rseau / recevoir / (the) Humane Society organisation
arriviste / to catch, caught, caught re s'enammer; ici, adviser conseiller / to view ici, considrer / whether si protectrice des animaux / fundraiser collecteur de fonds
exploser (g.). (oui ou non) / to shape faonner, dterminer, inuencer / (to fund nancer) / to sort out ici, essayer de
notably notamment, particulirement / to share comprendre (aussi, trier, arranger) / to push back ici,
8. caucus comit des membres dun parti / at least au/ riposter, ragir / way faon, manire.
tout du moins / a measure of consideration une petite partager, avoir en commun / base ici, lectorat de base.
pense. 11. young guns jeunes gens talentueux, qui russissent;
9. lack manque, dfaut / to draw, drew, drawn attirer / aussi, lm (western) amricain de 1956 / to worry
outside-the-box anticonformiste (to think outside sinquiter / yet encore /
the box penser diffremment) / challenger rival,
concurrent; ici, candidat / range varit; aussi, gamme /

24 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


chos
Brves de culture
Retrouvez plus dinfos sur www.vocable.fr

On Tupac Lives
BBC News
Broadway ! reports that 12
Years a Slave
Following in the footsteps director Steve
of Elvis Presley, Carole McQueen
King, Green Day and Mi- is making a
documentary
chael Jackson, Britney about Tupac,

(INTERFOTO USA/SIPA)
Spears' greatest hits might with the
soon make their way to rapper's aunt
Broadway. According to a Gloria Cox
Forbes report, as Spears on board as
an executive
wraps up her sold-out Las producer. "I
Vegas residency, managers am extremely moved and excited to
Larry Rudolph and Adam be exploring the life and times of this
Leber have begun taking legendary artist. I attended NYU lm
meetings with some Broad- school in 1993 and can remember the
unfolding hip-hop world and mine
way veterans such as Jerry
(Ken McKay/ITV/Shutterst/SIPA)

overlapping with Tupac's through a mutual


Mitchell (the man behind friend in a small way," he explained. "Few,
the Gloria and Emilio Este- if any, shined brighter than Tupac Shakur."
fan musical On Your Feet!) slave esclave / director ralisateur / on board
to explore the idea of turn- de la partie / moved touch, mu / time poque
/ to attend ici, frquenter, aller / NYU = New
ing Spears' songs into a the- York University / unfolding ici, bourgeonnant,
atrical production. ses prmices/balbutiements / to overlap se
chevaucher/recouper, concider / through par
to follow in the footsteps of sb suivre/marcher sur les traces de qn / hit chanson succs / to make, made, lintermdiaire de, grce / way faon; ici, mesure /
made ones way to se frayer un chemin jusqu, se retrouver/trouver sa place/gurer / according to selon, few peu (dartistes) / if any voire aucun/personne
daprs / report ici, article / to wrap up terminer, achever, boucler / sold-out guichets ferms, complet (to sell, / to shine, shone, shone briller / bright brillant;
sold, sold out vendre en totalit) / residency srie de concerts donns par un mme artiste en un mme lieu / ici, dou, talentueux.
veteran professionnel chevronn/expriment / such as tel(s) que / to explore ici, tudier / to turn sth into
transformer qch en, faire de qch (un/une...).

A new record
Taylor Swift is
rumoured to be
gearing up to
drop her new
Vote Dwayne Johnson? album. Itll be
A future White House run? the sixth studio
"It's a real possibility," album from
(John Salangsang/AP/SIPA)

Dwayne Johnson told GQ. "A the singer, and


year ago, it started coming up an insider has
more and more. There was a told Us Weekly
real sense of earnestness, it could be out
which made me go home and this autumn.
think, 'Let me really rethink Taylors
my answer and make sure I been quietly
am giving an answer that is recording new music for a couple of
truthful and also respectful'." months, he said. Shes aiming to release
The 45-year-old Baywatch an album this fall. Taylor is renowned for
actor, currently one of the going quiet when shes hard at work on her
highest-paid in Hollywood, album. She was trying to keep herself out
of the media, they said.
(NB/WENN.COM/SIPA)

revealed he disapproves of
Trump's executive order to to gear up se prparer / to drop ici, sortir /
insider initi, personne travaillant dans le milieu,
bar nationals of several membre de lentourage / to be out sortir / quietly
Muslim-majority nations from ici, labri des regards, discrtement / a couple
entering the United States. of deux, quelques, plusieurs / to aim to viser
/ to release sortir / fall (US) = autumn (GB)
run ici, candidature / GQ = Gentlemens Quarterly magazine de rfrence en matire de style au masculin / to / renowned connu / to go, went, gone quiet
come, came, come up se poser (question) / sense sentiment / earnestness gravit / to make, made, made ici, se retirer / to be hard at work travailler dur
sure sassurer que / truthful honnte, vrai / currently lheure actuelle / executive order dcret (prsidentiel) / / to keep, kept, kept oneself out of se tenir
to bar interdire / Muslim musulman. lcart/abri de.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 25


Culture I Musique I ROYAUME-UNI I B2-C1

CHICAGO TRIBUNE/TNS STEVE KNOPPER

LAURA MARLING
MAKES MAGIC BY
FLIPPING THE SCRIPT
Laura Marling fait des
merveilles en
inversant la tendance
de manire
inattendue
Lauteur interprte britannique Laura
Marling vient de raliser un sixime
album studio intitul Semper Femina.
A 27 ans, la jeune femme continue de
crer une uvre singulire,
rsolument folk, et sa voix si
particulire, ses paroles ciseles, ses
accords de guitare sont au service de
propos fministes assums.
Dcouvrez son portrait.
Laura Marling in concert at the Roundhouse, London. (Valerio Berdini/Shutter/SIPA)

M ove to Los Angeles, Laura Mar-


ling advises. Then leave. It
opened up a whole weird world, says the
British singer-songwriter, who has been
SEMPER FEMINA
3. Marling returned to London last year, not
long before she began working on Semper
Femina hiring a producer for the rst
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE

touring the world since she started her music time, Blake Mills, whod worked with John Women have incredibly
career as a 16-year-old. In London, its very Legend and Alabama Shakes. Its a soft, me- durable thighs
wonderful, but very cynical, and alcohol- ticulously arranged album full of soft string (cuisses) and pelvises
based, pub-based poetry. In California, it was sections, acoustic guitars and upright basses, (bassin). cf. 3
all hallucinogenic, multicolored vegan. All and Marlings deep voice often has the feel
Laura Marling nest pas la premire
very new to me! of early Leonard Cohen albums. The album
attacher de limportance cette
is named after a tattoo she bought when she partie du corps.
2.And that was great, adds Marling, who was 21 it translates to always a woman.
On a donn Elvis Presley le surnom
just put out her sixth album, an erudite and Its on my thigh, and I was into the thigh Elvis the pelvis, cause du
soulful collection of folk musings about being an area of particular feminine strength, mouvement giratoire des hanches
femininity called Semper Femina. But it because women have incredibly durable qui sduisait tant ses fans.
was a lot to experience in a short time. And thighs and pelvises, Marling says in a half-
without having anybody around who knew hour phone interview. So it was like I was
me before, so nobody reects you back at obsessed with that notion of a uniquely what she once called her poetry czar and
yourself, you lose touch with who you are feminine strength. her father, Charles, ran a music studio out of
and what you believe in. Which is a good a barn. The acoustics were so good that Black
exercise. But yeah, I had my time there. BIOGRAPHY Sabbath spent time there when Laura was a
4. Marling grew up on an Eversley, England, little girl, and the Las showed up to record
family farm, where her mother, Judi, was their 1990 hit There She Goes. I dont re-
1. to move dmnager, aller s'installer / to advise
conseiller / whole tout (entier) / weird trange / member anything, she says. But theres a
singer-songwriter chanteur-compositeur / to tour picture of me with the Las when I was a
tre en tourne / vegan ici, aliments ne contenant 3. to hire engager / soft doux / string ici, cordes /
aucun produit driv d'un animal, incluant les ufs, le section partie, passage / upright bass contrebasse / baby.
lait, etc.. deep ici, grave / to have, had, had the feel of
rappeler, voquer / early ici, premier / to translate to
2. to put, put, put out sortir / musing rexion / to se traduire par / thigh cuisse / area zone, partie /
experience vivre, connatre, faire l'exprience de / to 4. czar tsar, grand ponte / to run, ran, run diriger /
strength force, puissance / pelvis bassin / like ici, out of ici, de(puis) / barn grange / to spend, spent,
lose, lost, lost touch with perdre de vue, oublier / comme si.
yeah ouais / I had my time there j'y ai pass spent passer (temps) / to show, showed, showed or
suffisamment de temps. shown up se prsenter, arriver / hit chanson succs.

26 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Tlchargez lappli Vocable offerte nos abonns ! www.vocable.fr/applimobile

5. Her father shut down the studio when 6. At 16, Marling posted a few songs on MyS- THE LOOK OF LOVE
Laura was 4, and she remembers the family pace, and she earned enough exposure for 7. By contrast, Semper Femina, although
selling the equipment. key performances such as the lyrically challenging, was easy to write and
Charles worked hard, and City Showcase: Spotlight Lon- record. Marling has said she attempted to
sometimes didnt have a don in 2006. Although she has ip the idea of the omnipresent male gaze
lot of time to spend with
The album is said her rst record deal was and focus on what its like for women to look
his family, but she found named after a awful, she has put out six at women and not only that, but for herself
a way to connect with
him by taking up guitar.
tattoo she excellent albums, all dealing
with heavy concepts such as
to look at women. The album starts on a bleak
but powerful note: Oh, my hopeless wan-
I dont want to get into bought when anger, freedom and solitude. derer/ you cant come in, she sings in Sooth-
pop psychology, but it she was 21. She likes all of them, although ing. You dont live here anymore.
was a reason for him to she has tough things to say
sit down and play with about 2015s Short Movie 8.It was written very quickly half of it
me, she recalls. My dads the sweetest man (thats the one about solitude). It was like an was written when we were in the studio, and
alive, and he was a great father, but this con- ill art. It was like a bit of a nasty, dark, not- then Blake Mills arrangements are just
nection to him was very important, and we nice color, she says. perfect, she says. Playing it every night is
communicate best together through this absolutely a pleasure. O
medium.
6. to earn obtenir, s'attirer / enough suffisamment
(de) / exposure exposition (mdiatique), visibilit /
performance reprsentation, concert / such as tels/
5. to shut, shut, shut down fermer (dnitivement) / telles que / although bien que / record deal contrat 7. by contrast l'inverse / to attempt tenter / gaze
hard dur / way faon, moyen / to take, took, taken d'enregistrement / awful horrible, affreux, terrible, regard (xe) / to focus on se concentrer sur / bleak
up se mettre (activit) / to recall se rappeler / pouvantable / to deal, dealt, dealt with traiter de / triste / hopeless dsespr / wanderer vagabond /
sweet adorable / through ici, grce / medium heavy lourd / anger colre / tough dur / ill malade / soothing apaisant / anymore (ne) plus.
moyen dexpression. nasty dplaisant, dsagrable / dark sombre / not
nice dplaisant, dsagrable.

AVEC LE SOUTIEN DU

2017
RUSSIR SA RENTRE

ALTERNANCE 2 000 places en coles et en entreprises


Coaching CV et entretiens
Confrences et ateliers

& TUDES SAMEDI 24 JUIN


PARIS ESPACE CHAMPERRET
SUPRIEURES #salonletudiant

invitation gratuite :

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 27


Culture I Cinma I ETATS-UNIS I B2-C1
NIVEAU BASIQUE DU SUPPLMENT SONORE
Wonder Woman a beau avoir une allure sexy, ne vous y trompez pas : ce
nest pas une super-hrone objet ! Elle est toute puissante et possde
des objets vraiment magiques Ecoutez ce quelle en fait !
CD audio ou tlchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)

THE NEW YORK TIMES ROSLYN SULCAS

IS SHE A
FEMALE
HERO FOR
OUR TIME?
Une hrone de notre poque ?
Un bustier rouge et dor, une culotte bleu parseme dtoiles blanches, un lasso et
des bracelets magiques Wonder Woman apparait dans des revues de bandes
dessines en pleine Deuxime Guerre mondiale. Cette gure anti-nazi est ensuite
devenue lun des symboles les plus forts du fminisme aux Etats-Unis. La sortie de
ses nouvelles aventures au cinma cette quinzaine va-t-elle conrmer la lgende ?

T he cold, ugh, that was the hardest


thing about shooting the movie,
Gadot said during an interview in Los Angeles
in early March. Tall and rangy, she was eight
2.The lm will be the rst superhero movie in
over a decade to feature a woman as its title
character, and the rst time a female director
will be in charge of such a lm. And it will also
months pregnant, with hair scraped back in a be the first time that Wonder Woman a
ponytail and her face free of makeup. Eagerly seminal character dating from 1941 in the DC
eating eggs and fruit, she chatted easily about Comics universe will be the star of a feature
the role that might turn her into a household lm. Male characters from the same stable, on
name after Wonder Woman is released. the other hand, are consistently rebooted, re-
ecting the general belief that the audience for
superhero movies is mostly male.
1. rangy lanc / scraped back tir vers l'arrire
3. Asked whether she felt the pressure of be-
/ ponytail queue de cheval / makeup
maquillage / eagerly avec ing the rst actress in a long time to carry a
enthousiasme / household name live-action superhero movie, Gadot laughed.
clbrit. When you put it like that, yes! she said. But
at the end of the day, that cant be something
that drives me. I tried to focus on what is
important for me: the heart of the character,
and how to deliver the best result in the most
interesting way.

2. feature lm long mtrage / title character


personnage principal / director ralisateur / seminal
phare, majeur / DC Comics grande maison ddition
amricaine de bandes dessines (comics) / stable
Gal Gadot, at the curie / to reboot ici, tourner une nouvelle version de.
London Hotel in Los
Angeles. (Elizabeth 3. live-action en prise de vue relle / at the end of
Weinberg/The New York Times) the day en n de compte.

facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Retrouvez plus de tests dans la newsletter Vocable www.vocable.fr/newsletter

A GAMBLE book drawings also convey sexual allure, with proud to have played a superhero who can
4. Gadot, who made her rst appearance as Diana in cleavage-baring bustiers and high offer a new role model. We have seen so
Wonder Woman in Batman v Superman: heels that can seem at odds with the feminist many male-driven stories, so the more
Dawn of Justice, is little-known to moviego- message the character is said to embody. strong, female narratives we have, the better,
ers and represents a gamble for the studio. she said. Im sure the movie will inspire
Roven declined to give a specic budget for 9.Gadot said that after she got the part, fans girls, but you cant empower women without
the lm but said it was at criticized her breasts for empowering men, too. I hope Wonder Wom-
the low end of what these being too small. She said an will be an icon for them, too. O
movies cost. Batman v Su- she is frequently asked how
perman was estimated to Feminism is to reconcile her skimpy cos- 10. proud er / role model exemple ( suivre) /
cost around $250 million. about equality tume and the films mes-
sage. I think as a feminist,
narrative histoire, scnario / to empower donner plus
de pouvoir / icon symbole.
5.The path to a Wonder and choice and you should be able to wear
Woman feature film has freedom. whatever you like! Gadot
been a long one for Warner said. In any case, there is
Bros., with various devel- such a misunderstanding SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
opment projects dating to of the concept. Feminism is
the mid-1990s. In late 2014, after reports about equality and choice and freedom. And She is endowed with
that the studio was looking for a female the writers, Patty and myself all gured that superpowers (cf. 8)
director, Michelle MacLaren signed on to the best way to show that is to show Diana You cant empower
the project but left a few months later, cit- as having no awareness of social roles. She women without
ing creative differences. The studio turned has no gender boundaries. To her, everyone empowering men (cf. 10)
to Jenkins, best known for Monster. is equal.
Notez comment le prxe em ou
en est utilis pour exprimer lide
6.I had been talking to them about Wonder 10. Reecting on making the movie, Gadot de donner quelque chose
Woman for 10 years, Jenkins said in a re- said that as the mother of two girls, she felt to empower someone to do
cent Skype interview. They were interested, something autoriser/habiliter
but they had a certain idea of what they quelquun faire quelque chose
wanted to do, and didnt feel I was the right to convey vhiculer / allure force d'attraction, attrait / to empower someone rendre
director. Then, I think they realized that cleavage-baring trs dcollet / high heels hauts quelquun plus fort, permettre
they did want to go in my direction. talons / to be at odds with tre en contradiction avec quelquun de sassumer
/ to embody incarner.
to endow doter , fonder
7.That direction, Jenkins said, was a very 9. part rle / breast sein, poitrine / skimpy moulant /
to be endowed with brains/beauty
straightforward origin story, true to the to gure estimer / awareness conscience /
tre dot dintelligence/de beaut etc.
boundary limite.
positive spirit of Wonder Woman, a great
love story, a good sense of humor. To that
end, Wonder Woman is faithful, she said,
to the legend told by the original comics.

FEMINISM?
8. William Moulton Marston, Wonder Wom-
ans creator, posited Diana as an alternative
to aggressive male superheroes. She is a
protector of the innocent, beautiful and good,
as well as endowed with superpowers, mag-
ical weapons and great strength. The comic-

4. gamble pari, gageure / Batman v Superman:


Dawn of Justice Batman v Superman : L'Aube de la
justice (sorti en 2016) / moviegoer cinphile / to
SJOURS LINGUISTIQUES
IM012100014

decline refuser / at the low end ici, dans la fourchette


basse.
5. path chemin / report ici, rumeur / to sign on signer
& VACANCES JEUNES
ici, se lancer dans / Monster lm sorti en 2003,
racontant la vie d'Aileen Wuornos, meurtrire en srie.
6. straightforward simple. 05 65 77 10 47 destinations
7. faithful dle. www.verdiehello.com humaines
8. to posit ici, prsenter / to be endowed with tre
dot de /

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 29


Dcouverte I Mdecine I ETATS-UNIS I B2-C1

THE MERCURY NEWS/TNS LISA KRIEGER

GRAY PLATTER:
STANFORD TEAM GROWS
BRAIN IN A DISH
Des chercheurs de Stanford russissent cultiver des mini-cerveaux (gray
platter lit. "plateau gris", est un jeu de mots avec gray matter, matire grise)
On dit des meilleurs jardiniers quils ont la main verte. Peut-on en dire autant de scientiques qui seraient parvenus faire
pousser un cerveau en laboratoire ? Nous ne sommes pas en pleine science-ction. Une quipe de chercheurs amricains
est en effet parvenue reproduire diffrentes cellules et les faire communiquer entre elles. Un pas de gant dans la
comprhension de notre activit neuronale !

CEREBRAL used by psychiatrists. Its the first exam-


CORTEX ple of assembling, in a 3D culture,
2. Researchers did not this brain region,
build an entire brain, the Pasca said. Essen-
stuff of sci- fantasy. It t i a l l y, w e ge t a
doesnt think; its not small cerebral cor-
self-aware. Thats a far tex in a dish.
more complex and most
likely unattainable goal. THE LAST
Instead, they made a FRONTIER
tiny but powerful model 4. Understand-
of the cerebral cortex for ing the neuro-
the study of such devas- biology of
tating human conditions the brain
as schizophrenia, epi- remains
lepsy and autism im- one of the
pairments not easily great challenges
A cerebral cortex is the outer layer depicted here. (The New York Times) studied in people. of modern
medicine.

S TANFORD, Calif. Stanford scien-


tists have grown and assembled
parts of a human brain in a dish. Heres
whats even more remarkable: Their mini-
3.This mini-brain reveals how networks
of our mind can grow, behave and com-
municate, giving scientists an unprece-
dented view of our most mysterious or-
gan. Researchers hope to learn what goes
Thats because
we havent had di-
rect views of the
brains cellular
behavior. While
brain forms mental circuitry and cells wrong with the mental circuitry of people we can watch mental
converse with each other. There is cross- with disease or disorders. Their brain also function through tools like Mag-
talk, said lead researcher Dr. Sergiu Pasca, can be used to test potential drugs, es- netic Resonance Imaging, that
assistant professor of psychiatry and be- sential for improving the pharmaceuticals doesnt show us whats happening
havioral sciences at Stanford University at the most basic level. And we
School of Medicine, whose study was just havent been able to watch brain
published in the journal Nature. development in the lab because it hap-
2. stuff sujet, matire / sci- science-ction /
self-aware conscient (de soi-mme) / condition
pens during the second and third trimes-
maladie, pathologie / impairment trouble. ter of pregnancy.
1. dish plat ici, bote de Petri / circuitry circuit(s) / cell
cellule / to converse communiquer / cross-talk ici, 3. network rseau / unprecedented indit /
change de signaux / lead principal, en chef / disorder trouble, pathologie / pharmaceutical 4. Magnetic Resonance Imaging IRM / lab
behavioral (US) = behavioural (GB) mdicament. laboratoire / pregnancy grossesse.
comportemental / journal revue (spcialise).

30 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 facile A2-B1 / moyen B2-C1 / difficile C1-C2


Les mots traduits sont surligns dans larticle pour
les reprer plus facilement dans les traductions Retrouvez plus de tests dans la newsletter Vocable www.vocable.fr/newsletter

NIVEAU AVANC DU SUPPLMENT SONORE


Les progrs scientiques peuvent donner beaucoup despoir. Dcouvrez
quelques exemples de dcouvertes primes par lOffice europen des
brevets, qui permettent de sauver des vies !
CD audio ou tlchargement MP3 (sur abonnement)

5. Researching other diseases, like cancer, messages in the brain. Too much cellular
dont have this problem. Thats because excitement is thought to underlie disorders
doctors can sample tumor cells and look like epileptic seizures. In a second dish,
SUR LE BOUT DE LA LANGUE
at them under a micro- they grew cells that se-
scope. The sampling and crete a different chemical,
study of brain cells is called GABA, which sends De limportance de
much harder. They made a inhibitory messages in the traduire dans le
tiny but brain. Their job is to apply contexte.
6. Re-creating this impor- the brakes.
tant stage in brain develop- powerful Si on vous demande de traduire to
be sure vous rpondrez srement
ment shows the tech- model of the These arent just flat
8. sassurer
n i q u e s p r o m i s e f o r garden-variety layers of
discovery and even for
cerebral cells. Rather, theyre brain- (Exemple : He checked the door to be
testing potential interven- cortex. balls. Each ball measures sure he had locked it.).
tions, said Dr. Joshua Gor- about 1/16 of an inch in Mais dans le contexte de cet article
don, director of the Na- diameter and consists of (cf. 11), la traduction est plutt
tional Institute of Mental over 1 million cells each, certes :
Health, which made a video to explain the living for up to two years. They dont ad-
research. It moves us closer to realizing here to the dish they float, like little To be sure, their brainball is an
the goal of precision bobbing pearls. Then they were introduced incomplete model.
med ic i ne for to each other.
brain disorders.
9. And heres the magic: Within three days,
TESTS the two cell types fused into one big sphere heard communication. The GABA-making
7. Stanford researchers and then started organizing. The cells and glutamatergic cells were success-
star ted w it h that make GABA cells migrated over to the fully forming circuits and signaling to
longstanding cells that make glutamate and began each other.
tried-and-true forming the circuitry that is responsible
techniques. for the brains most advanced cognitive BREAKING NEWS
They took activities, the team found. 11. To be sure, their brainball is an incom-
skin cells plete model. It lacks complexity and is
a n d 10. They start moving, and keep moving, missing other cells that are part of the
t u r ne d for months, making small hops in one cerebral cortex. There arent blood vessels.
them into stem direction, said Pasca. They move to the It will never grow large. But its already
cells. Then they other side and make connections. They taught them about a rare developmental
used chemical grew long appendages called axons. They disease called Timothy syndrome, which
prods to turn them also grew little knobby spines that stick includes symptoms of autism and epi-
into two different out like branches to receive chemical lepsy. Growing brainballs from skin cells
types of brain messages from other cells axons. It is donated by three patients, they found that
cel ls. In one this signaling that enables us to think these cells dont migrate normally their
dish, they grew and learn. Using small electrodes, the hopping movements are too quick, and
(istockphoto)

cells called glu- team listened in on the fused cells and too small. Over time, they got left behind.
tamatergic neurons, because they The same gene that causes Timothy syn-
secrete the chemical glutamate, drome is linked to schizophrenia, differ-
to underlie tre l'origine de / seizure ici, crise / to
responsible for sending excitatory apply the brakes actionner les freins.
ent types of autism and bipolar disorder.
Pasca suspects these conditions may also
8. at simple, uniforme / garden-variety ordinaire,
banal / layer couche / to bob tre balott.
have flaws in the fusing and communica-
5. to sample prlever un chantillon.
tion of cells. O
6. stage tape, stade. 9. to fuse fusionner.
7. longstanding ancien, vieux / tried-and-true 10. hop bond, saut / appendage appendice / knobby
prouv, qui a fait ses preuves / stem cell cellule noueux / spine pine dorsale ici, excroissance pointue / 11. breaking news dernires nouvelles, scoop / blood
souche / chemical (compos) chimique / prod ici, to stick, stuck, stuck out sortir, s'tendre / to signal vessel vaisseau sanguin / aw dfaut.
stimulus / envoyer un signal.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 31


Bons plans I Langues

LES PROGRAMMES DIMMERSION


PAR CAMILLE LARBEY

Pour briser la barrire de la langue et progresser rapidement, rien de tel quun sjour en immersion. Les organismes sont
nombreux et les programmes varis. Vocable vous offre un petit tour dhorizon des formules proposes.

LE ONE TO ONE SJOURS THMATISS :


LES SRIES
Pour les personnes qui nont pas particulirement envie de se retrouver
en groupe, la plupart des organismes conseillent lapprentissage dans
une famille. Les cours particuliers sont dispenss par un membre de la
famille, professeur diplm. Selon Thomas Bacaut, responsable com-
munication chez Action Sjours, le one to one (1 professeur pour
1 lve) renforce limmersion : On pense qu partir du moment o deux
iStock

iStock
Franais sont runis, la langue franaise nit toujours par ressortir. Ce genre
de programme permet dtre en totale dconnexion de la langue maternelle,
car llve est seul. Ce type de programme (disponible pour lAngleterre partir de 1680 la semaine
ou 2501 les quinze jours) offre galement une pdagogie entirement personnalise. Toutefois, le
one to one demande une certaine autonomie. Vivre au rythme dune famille daccueil implique des Si les mots Targayen, Port-
temps de repos que llve devra mettre prot pour sentraner. www.action-sejours.com Real et Marcheurs Blancs
vous parlent, vous tes donc certai-
nement un fan de Game of Thrones.
SJOURS EN FRANCE LE CONFORT PRIX RDUIT Lorganisme Effective-Linguis-
tique propose un programme en
Les destinations afches par les Irlande ( 2010 la semaine) sp-
organismes restent sensiblement cialement ddi la srie. De plus
les mmes: Grande-Bretagne, en plus de jeunes regardent les sries en
Irlande, USA, Malte... Angloville V.O. Proposer une dcouverte autour de
se dmarque en proposant des Game of Thrones tait cohrent et ap-
sjours Varsovie, Cracovie ou porte une motivation supplmentaire
iStock
DR

Budapest. Outre le dpaysement, pour llve, cone Flavien Brizard,


Les parents qui redoutent ces pays permettent doffrir des directeur des programmes pour
denvoyer leur enfant lautre tarifs trs intressants: La diffrence de prix est consquente. Parfois, collgiens et lycens chez Effec-
bout du monde, ou prfrant du simple au double, car la vie y est moins chre et il ny a pas de taxe de tive-Linguistique. Une journe est
conomiser le prix du billet sjour, explique Vincent Delaunay, responsable des programmes entirement ddie la visite des
davion, peuvent se tourner vers chez Angloville. Ainsi, les premiers prix pour les villes de Pologne principaux sites de la srie. De la
les American Villages mis sont partir de 1050 les 8 jours (sans les billets davion). Lapprenant mme faon, Atout Linguistique
en place par Nacel: 14 camps est log dans des htels 3 ou 4 toiles, souvent avec spa et piscine, afche en catalogue un sjour en
de vacances ( partir de 790 lcart de lagitation des villes. Lide est de recrer une "vie de chteau" Angleterre ( partir de 1690 la
la semaine) dissmins un peu pour que les lves puissent se consacrer entirement lapprentissage, semaine) avec visite des studios
partout en France et tenus par ajoute Vincent Delaunay. Les activits linguistiques sont dispenses de tournage des lms de la saga
des quipes constitues de natifs par des anglophones natifs dans les diffrents espaces de lhtel: Harry Potter, an de repartir sur
anglophones ou franais par- le parc, le sauna, le terrain de tennis, le bar ou la salle de billard. les traces du clbre petit sorcier.
faitement bilingues. Le cur www.angloville.fr www.effective-linguistique.com
de cible est vritablement les 8 13
ans. Le but du jeu est dapprendre
langlais sans sen rendre compte, SJOURS THMATISS : L'ART DU SPECTACLE
en samusant. Et a marche ! ,
senthousiasme Claire Camily, Les sjours linguistiques intgrent gnralement bon nombre
responsable du programme. dactivits: sport, informatique, sciences, thtre, danse... Parmi
Lorganisme vient galement les thmatiques les plus originales, LEC propose aux collgiens et
douvrir un British Village dans lycens une formule appele Pop School, partir de partir 2049
DR

la Drme o les jeunes pourront les 13 jours en Angleterre. Laprs-midi, les lves vont sinitier ou
sinitier quelques classiques se renforcer au chant et la pratique dun instrument de musique.
de la culture anglaise: Sherlock Sylvie Clairand, en charge du programme, dveloppe: la n de la semaine, les jeunes montent sur scne
Holmes, cricket et sh & chips. pour un spectacle. a les aide prendre de lassurance pour parler et sexprimer devant un auditoire. Ils adorent!
www.nacel.fr www.sejour-linguistique-lec.fr

32 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017


Retrouvez plus dinfos sur www.vocable.fr

Sjours linguistiques
PARTIR TUDIER EN FAMILLE

Parents et enfants peuvent


partir ensemble. De plus en Cours particuliers
plus dorganismes proposent Les cours chez le professeur
des sjours dimmersion sur More than just a Language Course
un campus destins toute
la famille. Cest une solution
idale pour un parent divorc ou
clibataire. Ou mme pour une
DR

simple question de logistique, +44 207 73 94 411 www.intuitionlang.com


commente Vincent Delaunay, responsable de programme chez
Angloville, qui afche cette formule partir de 1890 par personne
les 10 jours en Irlande ou en Angleterre. Les diffrents membres de
la famille sont rpartis dans des chambres individuelles, puis dans
des groupes dactivits linguistiques diffrents. Ils sont autoriss Sjours
se retrouver, mais seulement titre ponctuel, pour que le sjour reste une linguistiques
immersion totale, prcise Vincent Delaunay.
www.angloville.fr Info@richardturgis.com Sjours en groupe,
en rsidence et en famille
Tl. : 01 44 32 16 80

IMMERSION COMPLTE LES CIRCUITS


Crateur de sjours linguistiques depuis 1928,
DCOUVERTE plus de 100 000 lves ont bnci
de nos formations en langues
$PVSTFUBDUJWJUTt$PVSTJOUFOTJGTt
*NNFSTJPOUPUBMFt4UBHFT1SQBt
'PSNBUJPOTQPVSBEVMUFTFOQBSUFOBSJBUBWFD04'#

www.richardturgis.com
iStock

DR

Pour progresser rapidement sans


passer par la case cours, mieux
vaut choisir limmersion en fa- Dcou
vrez n
mille daccueil. La participation Pas de cours en salle, mais os for
dest mule
www.vinations sur s et
la vie de famille et la dcouverte directement sur le terrain. pour Vivre les Langues ivalang
des us et coutumes du pays per- Grce aux sjours itinrants, ues.fr
mettront de perfectionner rapi- lapprentissage se fait au moyen Nouveauts 2017,
dement son anglais. On recom- de situations concrtes : au mu- contactez-nous !
mande ce type de sjour aux lycens, se, au restaurant, la gare ou viva@vivalangues.fr
car il ncessite quelques notions de dans la rue. Il sagit de mettre
base en langue pour que les changes en pratique langlais du quotidien 03 20 63 11 00
soient constructifs, conseille Val- et du voyage, explique Valrie
rie Deltour, directrice dchanges Deltour dchanges Culturels
Culturels Internationaux. Cet Internationaux. Lorganisme a SEJOURS LINGUISTIQUES
organisme propose une dizaine dailleurs mis en place un cir- Collgiens - Lycens - Etudiants - Adultes
Association loi 1901 n W595009847 - Agrment Jeunesse et Sports 59 JEP1815
de destinations aux USA ( partir cuit linguistique de 2 semaines Registre des Oprateurs de Voyages et Sjours n IMO59100010
de 2370 les 21 jours) ou, pour la dcouverte de lAngleterre,
ceux souhaitant aller au bout du du Pays de Galles, de lcosse
monde, lAustralie (3785 pour 5 et de lIrlande (2280). Soit un
semaines). changes Culturels formidable road trip pour mieux
Rejoignez RSERVATIONS
Internationaux se charge mme parler la langue. la
de trouver des familles daccueil
bnvoles ayant des enfants du
www.echanges-culturels-inter-
nationaux.fr communaut PUBLICITAIRES
mme ge afin de favoriser les Vocable France - Etranger
interactions.
www.echanges-culturels-inter- sur
nationaux.fr 01 44 37 97 79
publicite@vocable.fr

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 33


Les sorties Retrouvez plus de coups de cur sur www.vocable.fr

sur www.vocable.fr jouez et gagnez...


Des entres pour des lms et des expositions, des CD et des DVD, des romans, des voyages

LIVRES
CINEMA
LE PETIT GUIDE DE SURVIE EN AUSTRALIE ET EN
FREE FIRE NOUVELLE-ZLANDE
De Ben Wheatley Olivia Merlen
Dans les annes 1970, Boston, Mixer guide de voyage et apprentissage
une mystrieuse femme linguistique est une excellente ide. Cest sur
daffaires (Brie Larson) et son ce concept que repose cette srie de guides
acolyte (Armie Hammer) dont celui-ci, consacr lAustralie (80% de
organisent dans un entrept louvrage) et la Nouvelle-Zlande (les 20%
dsert, une vente illgale restant). Le ton est drle, le vocabulaire utile
darmes entre un membre de et le tout complt par quelques exercices
lIRA (Cillian Murphy) et un
trs accessibles la n de chaque chapitre.
Sud-Africain (Sharlto Copley).
Trs vite, la transaction se Si vous planiez un voyage un peu long, ce
transforme en bataille range ! qui est souvent le cas aux antipodes, ne vous
Une unit de lieu, une unit de arrtez ni la couverture ni la maquette un
temps, des tirs dans tous les peu charges et nhsitez pas le glisser
sens, et de superbes accents dans votre valise.
couter en VO entre deux sons Larousse
de balles qui fusent
Dans les salles le 14 juin
LARCHE DE DARWIN
James Morrow
MUSIQUE En 1848, la Shelley Society de Londres propose la
mirobolante somme de 10 000 livres sterling
qui apportera la preuve de lexistence ou de
PARTY labsence de Dieu. Chacun tente de remporter le
Aldous Harding
prix avec des raisonnements et des
Aldous Harding a commenc sa carrire en
faisant la manche dans les rues de dmonstrations plus ou moins farfelus, mais le
Christchurch, Nouvelle-Zlande. Party est roman se concentre sur Chlo Bathurst, une jeune
son deuxime album en trois ans. actrice travaillant comme nounou chez Charles
Linstrumentalisation sobre, tantt guitare Darwin dont elle entend bien emprunter la
sche pince, tantt notes de piano thorie de lvolution ! Le priple qui sen suit est
touffes, fait la part belle une voix invraisemblable mais truculent. Un roman
envotante qui prend vos oreilles en otage. satirique extrmement drle..
Le moindre souffle, la plus petite respiration, la plus inme variation dans Au Diable Vauvert
ses intonations vous agrippe et ne vous lche plus. Si lon devait la
comparer des artistes plus connues, on citerait Kate Bush ou PJ Harvey.
Harding est une vraie potesse. EXPOSITION
4AD
DAVID HOCKNEY
DVD Du 21 juin au 23 octobre, le Centre
Pompidou en collaboration avec la
AMERICAN HONEY Tate Britain de Londres et le
DAndrea Arnold Metropolitan Museum de New York
Dans la banlieue dune petite ville de prsente une rtrospective consacre
lOklahoma, Star (Sacha Lane) soccupe seule de luvre de David Hockney. Avec plus
ses petits frres et surs. A la maison, elle est de cent soixante peintures,
victime dattouchements de la part de son pre. photographies, gravures, installations
Un jour, sur le parking dun supermarch, elle vido, dessins, ouvrages... lexposition
croise la route dune bande dallums qui lui restitue lintgralit de son parcours
propose de monter dans leur van pour aller artistique incluant les tableaux les
vendre des magazines et faire la fte sur la plus clbres de lartiste anglais tels
route. Elle dcide de les suivre, sduite par le les piscines, les double portraits ou
charismatique directeur des ventes (Shia encore les paysages monumentaux.
LaBeouf) Un road-movie prim lanne A voir !.
dernire Cannes et aux British Independent
Centre national d'art et de culture
Film Awards. Georges-Pompidou
Diaphana Place Georges-Pompidou
75004 Paris

34 VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017


le
dessin
I Drame I ROYAUME-UNI

MOURNING
On 22 May 2017, a suicide bombing was carried out at the Manchester Arena in Manchester, after a concert
by American singer Ariana Grande. It was the deadliest terror attack to hit the UK since the 7/7 London
bombings in July 2005. The attacker, identied by police as Salman Abedi, a 22-year-old British person of
Libyan descent, detonated an improvised explosive device as concertgoers were leaving the arena.
Twenty-two people were killed in the explosion, including an eight-year-old girl, and 64 were injured.
Many have life-threatening conditions. The attacker died at the scene.
bombing attentat la bombe / deadly meurtrier / descent origine(s) / to detonate faire exploser / device dispositif / injured bless / life-threatening ici, engageant le
pronostic vital / condition ici, tat / at the scene sur place.

VOCABLE SERVICE ABONNS 03 27 61 10 11.


www.vocable.fr
The artist
(By Rwendland - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0)

DITION ANGLAISE 23 rue Auguste Vacquerie 75116 Paris

Steve Bell was born in 1951 in Pour contacter votre correspondant, composez le 01.44. 37. 97.[...] suivi des 2 chiffres de son numro
Walthamstow in East London. DIRECTEUR DE LA PUBLICATION : D.Lecat. RESPONSABLE DDITION : R. Lancelot [69], rlancelot@vocable.fr. EXPLICATION
Since 1981, he has written and & TRADUCTION : C. Martin, J. Marshall, C. Lambert, J. Perry. PUBLICIT : [77]. DIRECTION COMMERCIALE : C.Libilbhty [79].
ABONNEMENTS : ENTREPRISES : A. Kada [83], E. Jayme [86]. ABONNEMENT NUMERIQUE : J. Kigin [89]. PROMOTION :
drawn the daily If strip in the C.Veziris [80]. MARKETING-FABRICATION : V. Blum [92], J. de Beco [93], C.Bourdery[90]. SERVICE ABONNS : CS 70001, 59440
Guardian. In addition, since 1990 Avesnes sur Helpe. tl. 03 27 61 10 11, fax 03 27 61 22 52, serviceabonnes@vocable.fr. RASSORTIMENT PROFESSIONNEL : BO
CONSEIL, servicegestion@boconseilame.fr, tl. 09 67 32 09 34. CONCEPTION GRAPHIQUE : Virginie Lafon & Frdric Savarit.
he has produced four large MAQUETTE : S.M.P./ S.Bousez, C. Soufflet, I. Bourroux, S.Burlion, M. Butinska.
free-standing cartoons a week IMPRESSION : Imprimerie ROTIMPRES (Aiguaviva Girona-Espagne).
N de commission paritaire 1217 K 82493. ISSN n 0763-9686
on the leader pages. VOCABLE est dit par la Socit Maubeugeoise ddition et Cie, 59603 Maubeuge Cedex
Bureau Paris 56, rue Fondary 75015 PARIS. Tl : 01 44 37 97 97 / Fax : 01 44 37 97 98.
strip bande dessine / free-standing indpendant / cartoon
Dans ce numro, des encarts dabonnements brochs ou jets sur tous les abonns.
dessin humoristique, satirique / leader page page de contenu Cette publication comporte, sur une partie des abonns un livret audio jet.
ditorial.

VOCABLE Du 8 au 21 juin 2017 35


NATALIE PORTMAN, PARFAITE DANS LA PEAU DE JACKIE KENNEDY
LE FIGARO ++++

MEILLEURE ACTRICE

3 AUX OSCARS MEILLEURS COSTUMES


MEILLEURE MUSIQUE DE FILM

+++++
' L OBS
+++++LE PARISIEN

UN PORTRAIT PASSIONNANT
TLRAMA

BOULEVERSANT
PARIS MATCH

FASCINANT
STUDIO CIN LIVE
2016 JACKIE PRODUCTIONS LIMITED. Photos : B. Calvo, Stphanie Branchu, William Gray.
2017 Edition vido France Tlvisions Distribution. Tous droits rservs.

EN DVD, BLU-RAY
& VOD SUR