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Forum sur la gestion de la demande en eau - Lexique

abattement de la pollution absorption dans le sol acceptation du public acceptation politique activer, activation, activateur adduction adoucissement arer, aration, arateur aration mcanique aration par diffusion aration prolonge arobies, arobie ages des boues agence de leau agent contaminant agent de station dpuration agiter, agitation, agitateur agitateur submersible algue alignement de la rivire alimentation artificielle de la nappe alimentation en eau alimentation en eau potable apport en substances nutritives amnagement des cours deau amene deau amont amorage dune pompe anaerobies, anarobie analyse de leau analyse bactriologique analyse chimique analyseur anoxie, anoxique aquatique aqueux aquifre aquaculture arrosage aspersion asphyxie aspirer, aspiration assainissement pollution abattement absorption in the soil public acceptance political acceptance activate, activation, activator water supply water softening aerate, aeration, aerator mechanical aeration diffused aeration extended aeration aerobic, aerobic age of sludge water management agency contaminant sewage plant operator stir, agitation, stirring device submersible mixer alga straightning of river bed artificial groundwater recharge water supply potable water supply nutrient supply river works water outlet upstream priming anaerobic, anaerobic water analysis bacteriological analysis chemical analysis analyser anoxia, anoxic aquatic aqueous aquifer aquiculture sprinkling sprinkling irrigation asphyxiation suck up, suction sanitation

assainissement autonome assainissement collectif auto-puration autotrophe aval azote azote oxyd azote rduit azote total bactrie, bactrien bactries filamenteuses bactries nitrifiantes bactries pathognes bactries thermophiles bactriologie, bactriologique bassin bassin anarobie bassin facultatif bassin filtrant bassin fluvial bassin dactivation bassin daration bassin dvaporation bassin dhomognisation bassin de filtration bassin dorage bassin de boues actives bassin de collecte bassin de dcantation bassin de sdimentation bassin de stockage bnfice berge bien marchand bilan hydrologique biodgradation, biodgradable boue boues actives boues fraches boues dpuration branchements collectifs canal canal venturi canalisation canalisation des eaux uses

individual sanitation system collective sanitation system self purification autotrophic downsteam nitrogen oxidised nitrogen reduced nitrogen total nitrogen bacterium, bacterial filamentous bacteria nitrogen fixing bacteria pathogenic bacteria thermophylic bacteria bactriology ,bactriological tank, basin, pond anaerobic pond facultative pond filter tank river basin activation tank aeration tank evaporation basin equalization basin infiltration basin storm basin activated sludge tank collection basin settling basin sedimentatin basin reservoir benefit bank marketable commodity hydrologic balance biodegradation ,biodegradable sludge activated sludge raw sludge sludge shared connection channel venturi flume canalization sewage networks

caniveau capacit dpuration capacit dinfiltration capacit de bassin capacit de stockage capacit de traitement capacit institutionnelle changements cycliques cholra clarifier, clarification clarificateur coaguler coagulant coagulation coefficient dinfiltration collecte des eaux uses colmater colmatage compteur deau conditionnement des boues conduite force conduite dadduction conduite daspiration conduite deau conservation des ressources consommation par habitant par jour consommation par tte convenable courbe de demande cot additionnel cot complet cot dexploitation cot li lenvironnement cot dopportunit cot marginal cot moyen cot total cot dusage cot volumtrique coteux cultures sous serre cultures marachres cultures fourragres cultures industrielles dbitmtre

gutter purification capacity infiltration capacity reservoir capacity storage capacity treatement capacity institutional capacity cyclical changes cholera purify, settle/purification settling/settlingbasin coagulate coagulant coagulation infiltration coefficient wastewater collection clog clogging water meter sludge conditionning pressure conduite water main suction pipe water main resource conservation daily per capita consumption per capita consumption fairness demand curve additional cost full cost operating cost environment protection cost opportunity cost marginal cost average cost total cost user cost volumetric charges costly greenhouse crops truck gardening fodder crops industrial crops flowmeter

dbit dbit journalier dbit moyen dbit des eaux uses dbit de pointe dcanter, dcantation, dcantable dcanteur dcanteur circulaire dcanteur lamellaire dcanteur primaire dcanteur rectangulaire dcanteur statique dgressif dnitrifier dnitrification dnitrifiant dphosphatution dshuilage, dshuileur dshydratation des boues dsinfection dtection de fuites dversoir dorage dversoir de mesure digestion des boues digesteur diluer, dilution dimensionnement disponibilit distordre eaux pluviales eaux rsiduaires eaux uses eaux uses domestiques eaux uses industrielles eaux dinondation conomie dchelle coulement gravitaire coulement laminaire coulement turbulent coulement des eaux cume, cumage efficacit conomique effluent industriel effluent urbain gout

flow daily discharge average flow sewage flow peak discharge settle, setting, settable settling basin, sedimentation tank circular sedimentation tank lamellar sedimentation tank primary settling basin rectangular sedimentation tank static sedimentation tank regressive denitrify denitrification denitrifiant phosphorus removal oil removal ,skimmer sludge dewatering desinfection leak detection storm overflow measuring weir sludge digestion digestion tank dilute, dilution sizing availability distort rainwaters residual waters wastewater ,sewage domestic wastewater industrial wastewater flood water economy of scale gravitary flow laminar flow turbulent flow water flow foam, foam removal economic efficiency industrial effluent urban effluent sewer

lasticit des prix limination des boues limination des eaux uses limination des odeurs missaire enfouissement des eaux uses enlvement des boues paississement des boues paississeur pandage des boues puration biologique puration des eaux uses quilibre optimum quivalent habitant tang tape dpuration vacuation des eaux uses facturation du branchement facturation minimum mensuelle facture filtration lent filtration sur sable filtre bande filtre sable flux des revenus fosse septique gaspillage gestion de la demande gratuit gravier habitations non raccordes incinration des boues incitatif indice de boues injection directe investissement irriguer irrigation justice lagune, lagunage lessivage lit bactrien lits de schage de boues loi de loffre et de la demande matires dcantables

price elasticity sludge disposal wastewater disposal odour removal effluent channel wastewater disposal into ground sludge removal sludge thickening thickening tank land spreading biological treatment wastewater treatment optimum balance inhabitant quivalent pond puration stage wastewater disposal connection charges minimum monthly charge bill slow filtration sand filtration bed filter sand filter stream of revenue septic tank wasteful demand management free of cost gravel unconnected household sludge incineration incentive sludge index direct injection investment irrigate irrigation equity lagoon, lagooning leaching trickling filter sludge drying bed law of supply and demand settable solids

matires organiques matires en suspension mesure de dbit milieu rcepteur mise en eau mise en uvre Mm3 nappe phratique niveau de leau niveau dpuration niveau de vie paramtres de pollution paramtres de qualit des eaux parasite percoler, percolation percolation localise pollution organique pollution azote pollution des eaux pomper, pompage pompe pompe centrifuge pompe doseuse pompe submersible pompe boues pompe de refoulement pompe de relevage pouvoir dinfiltration pouvoir purateur du sol prlvement deau prlvement dun chantillon prise deau prix abordables prix domestique prix moyen procd arobie procd anarobie procd des boues actives produit intrieur brut (PIB) progressif protection raclage des boues racleur raret racteur lit bactrien

organic matter suspended solids flow measurement receiving milieu filling implementation MCM groundwater water level epuration level standard of living pollution parameter water quality parameter parasite percolate, percolation localised percolation organic pollution nitrogenous pollution water pollution pump, pumping pump centrifugal pump dosing pump submersible pump sludge pump lifting pump raising pump infiltration capacity purification potential of the ground water sampling sampling water intake affordable prices residential price average price aerobic process anaerobic process activated sludge process gross domestic product (GDP) progressive conservation sludge collection sludge collector scarcity bactrial bed reactor

recharge de la nappe recouvrement des cots recyclage de boues redistribution de revenu rejet direct rejet des eaux uses rendement dpuration rseau dassainissement rseau des eaux pluviales rseau dassainissement sparatif rseau dassainissement unitaire rseau de distribution deau rservoir deau rservoir de stockage rutilisation de leau rutilisation des boues revenu suffisant schage des boues sensible signal par les prix stabilisation des boues stabilit du revenu net station dpuration station de pompage station de relevage subvention cible subvention croise surcharge surverse systme dinfrastructure deau tarif de pointe tarifs progressifs par tranche tarif uniforme avec rabais tarification au cot marginal tarification sur le volume consomm taux forfaitaire taux uniforme technologie dconomie deau temps de rtention temps de sjour tranche transparence traitement de leau traitement biologique traitement primaire

aquifer recharge cost recovery sludge recycling income redistribution direct discharge wastewater discharge epuration rate sewage system,sewage networks storm sewer separated sewer combined sewer water distribution system water tank storage reservoir water reuse sludge reuse sufficient revenue sludge dewatering sensitive price signal sludge conditioning net revenue stability wastewater plant booster station raising station targeted subsidy cross-subsidy overload overflow water infrastructure system peak rate increasing block tariffs uniform tariff with rebate marginal cost price volumetric based rate flat rate uniform rate water-saving technology retention time residence time block transparency water treatment biological treatment primary treatment

traitement secondaire traitement tertiaire trop-plein usages comptitifs vendeurs deau viabilit conomique

secondary treatment tertiary treatment overflow channel competing uses water vendors economic viability